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path: root/drivers/s390/char/tape_34xx.c
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/*
 *  drivers/s390/char/tape_34xx.c
 *    tape device discipline for 3480/3490 tapes.
 *
 *    Copyright (C) IBM Corp. 2001,2006
 *    Author(s): Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com>
 *		 Tuan Ngo-Anh <ngoanh@de.ibm.com>
 *		 Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
 */

#define KMSG_COMPONENT "tape"

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/bio.h>
#include <linux/workqueue.h>

#define TAPE_DBF_AREA	tape_34xx_dbf

#include "tape.h"
#include "tape_std.h"

/*
 * Pointer to debug area.
 */
debug_info_t *TAPE_DBF_AREA = NULL;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(TAPE_DBF_AREA);

#define TAPE34XX_FMT_3480	0
#define TAPE34XX_FMT_3480_2_XF	1
#define TAPE34XX_FMT_3480_XF	2

struct tape_34xx_block_id {
	unsigned int	wrap		: 1;
	unsigned int	segment		: 7;
	unsigned int	format		: 2;
	unsigned int	block		: 22;
};

/*
 * A list of block ID's is used to faster seek blocks.
 */
struct tape_34xx_sbid {
	struct list_head		list;
	struct tape_34xx_block_id	bid;
};

static void tape_34xx_delete_sbid_from(struct tape_device *, int);

/*
 * Medium sense for 34xx tapes. There is no 'real' medium sense call.
 * So we just do a normal sense.
 */
static int
tape_34xx_medium_sense(struct tape_device *device)
{
	struct tape_request *request;
	unsigned char       *sense;
	int                  rc;

	request = tape_alloc_request(1, 32);
	if (IS_ERR(request)) {
		DBF_EXCEPTION(6, "MSEN fail\n");
		return PTR_ERR(request);
	}

	request->op = TO_MSEN;
	tape_ccw_end(request->cpaddr, SENSE, 32, request->cpdata);

	rc = tape_do_io_interruptible(device, request);
	if (request->rc == 0) {
		sense = request->cpdata;

		/*
		 * This isn't quite correct. But since INTERVENTION_REQUIRED
		 * means that the drive is 'neither ready nor on-line' it is
		 * only slightly inaccurate to say there is no tape loaded if
		 * the drive isn't online...
		 */
		if (sense[0] & SENSE_INTERVENTION_REQUIRED)
			tape_med_state_set(device, MS_UNLOADED);
		else
			tape_med_state_set(device, MS_LOADED);

		if (sense[1] & SENSE_WRITE_PROTECT)
			device->tape_generic_status |= GMT_WR_PROT(~0);
		else
			device->tape_generic_status &= ~GMT_WR_PROT(~0);
	} else {
		DBF_EVENT(4, "tape_34xx: medium sense failed with rc=%d\n",
			request->rc);
	}
	tape_free_request(request);

	return rc;
}

struct tape_34xx_work {
	struct tape_device	*device;
	enum tape_op		 op;
	struct work_struct	 work;
};

/*
 * These functions are currently used only to schedule a medium_sense for
 * later execution. This is because we get an interrupt whenever a medium
 * is inserted but cannot call tape_do_io* from an interrupt context.
 * Maybe that's useful for other actions we want to start from the
 * interrupt handler.
 */
static void
tape_34xx_work_handler(struct work_struct *work)
{
	struct tape_34xx_work *p =
		container_of(work, struct tape_34xx_work, work);

	switch(p->op) {
		case TO_MSEN:
			tape_34xx_medium_sense(p->device);
			break;
		default:
			DBF_EVENT(3, "T34XX: internal error: unknown work\n");
	}

	p->device = tape_put_device(p->device);
	kfree(p);
}

static int
tape_34xx_schedule_work(struct tape_device *device, enum tape_op op)
{
	struct tape_34xx_work *p;

	if ((p = kzalloc(sizeof(*p), GFP_ATOMIC)) == NULL)
		return -ENOMEM;

	INIT_WORK(&p->work, tape_34xx_work_handler);

	p->device = tape_get_device_reference(device);
	p->op     = op;

	schedule_work(&p->work);
	return 0;
}

/*
 * Done Handler is called when dev stat = DEVICE-END (successful operation)
 */
static inline int
tape_34xx_done(struct tape_request *request)
{
	DBF_EVENT(6, "%s done\n", tape_op_verbose[request->op]);

	switch (request->op) {
		case TO_DSE:
		case TO_RUN:
		case TO_WRI:
		case TO_WTM:
		case TO_ASSIGN:
		case TO_UNASSIGN:
			tape_34xx_delete_sbid_from(request->device, 0);
			break;
		default:
			;
	}
	return TAPE_IO_SUCCESS;
}

static inline int
tape_34xx_erp_failed(struct tape_request *request, int rc)
{
	DBF_EVENT(3, "Error recovery failed for %s (RC=%d)\n",
		  tape_op_verbose[request->op], rc);
	return rc;
}

static inline int
tape_34xx_erp_succeeded(struct tape_request *request)
{
	DBF_EVENT(3, "Error Recovery successful for %s\n",
		  tape_op_verbose[request->op]);
	return tape_34xx_done(request);
}

static inline int
tape_34xx_erp_retry(struct tape_request *request)
{
	DBF_EVENT(3, "xerp retr %s\n", tape_op_verbose[request->op]);
	return TAPE_IO_RETRY;
}

/*
 * This function is called, when no request is outstanding and we get an
 * interrupt
 */
static int
tape_34xx_unsolicited_irq(struct tape_device *device, struct irb *irb)
{
	if (irb->scsw.cmd.dstat == 0x85) { /* READY */
		/* A medium was inserted in the drive. */
		DBF_EVENT(6, "xuud med\n");
		tape_34xx_delete_sbid_from(device, 0);
		tape_34xx_schedule_work(device, TO_MSEN);
	} else {
		DBF_EVENT(3, "unsol.irq! dev end: %08x\n", device->cdev_id);
		tape_dump_sense_dbf(device, NULL, irb);
	}
	return TAPE_IO_SUCCESS;
}

/*
 * Read Opposite Error Recovery Function:
 * Used, when Read Forward does not work
 */
static int
tape_34xx_erp_read_opposite(struct tape_device *device,
			    struct tape_request *request)
{
	if (request->op == TO_RFO) {
		/*
		 * We did read forward, but the data could not be read
		 * *correctly*. We transform the request to a read backward
		 * and try again.
		 */
		tape_std_read_backward(device, request);
		return tape_34xx_erp_retry(request);
	}

	/*
	 * We tried to read forward and backward, but hat no
	 * success -> failed.
	 */
	return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
}

static int
tape_34xx_erp_bug(struct tape_device *device, struct tape_request *request,
		  struct irb *irb, int no)
{
	if (request->op != TO_ASSIGN) {
		dev_err(&device->cdev->dev, "An unexpected condition %d "
			"occurred in tape error recovery\n", no);
		tape_dump_sense_dbf(device, request, irb);
	}
	return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
}

/*
 * Handle data overrun between cu and drive. The channel speed might
 * be too slow.
 */
static int
tape_34xx_erp_overrun(struct tape_device *device, struct tape_request *request,
		      struct irb *irb)
{
	if (irb->ecw[3] == 0x40) {
		dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "A data overrun occurred between"
			" the control unit and tape unit\n");
		return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
	}
	return tape_34xx_erp_bug(device, request, irb, -1);
}

/*
 * Handle record sequence error.
 */
static int
tape_34xx_erp_sequence(struct tape_device *device,
		       struct tape_request *request, struct irb *irb)
{
	if (irb->ecw[3] == 0x41) {
		/*
		 * cu detected incorrect block-id sequence on tape.
		 */
		dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "The block ID sequence on the "
			"tape is incorrect\n");
		return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
	}
	/*
	 * Record sequence error bit is set, but erpa does not
	 * show record sequence error.
	 */
	return tape_34xx_erp_bug(device, request, irb, -2);
}

/*
 * This function analyses the tape's sense-data in case of a unit-check.
 * If possible, it tries to recover from the error. Else the user is
 * informed about the problem.
 */
static int
tape_34xx_unit_check(struct tape_device *device, struct tape_request *request,
		     struct irb *irb)
{
	int inhibit_cu_recovery;
	__u8* sense;

	inhibit_cu_recovery = (*device->modeset_byte & 0x80) ? 1 : 0;
	sense = irb->ecw;

#ifdef CONFIG_S390_TAPE_BLOCK
	if (request->op == TO_BLOCK) {
		/*
		 * Recovery for block device requests. Set the block_position
		 * to something invalid and retry.
		 */
		device->blk_data.block_position = -1;
		if (request->retries-- <= 0)
			return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
		else
			return tape_34xx_erp_retry(request);
	}
#endif

	if (
		sense[0] & SENSE_COMMAND_REJECT &&
		sense[1] & SENSE_WRITE_PROTECT
	) {
		if (
			request->op == TO_DSE ||
			request->op == TO_WRI ||
			request->op == TO_WTM
		) {
			/* medium is write protected */
			return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EACCES);
		} else {
			return tape_34xx_erp_bug(device, request, irb, -3);
		}
	}

	/*
	 * Special cases for various tape-states when reaching
	 * end of recorded area
	 *
	 * FIXME: Maybe a special case of the special case:
	 *        sense[0] == SENSE_EQUIPMENT_CHECK &&
	 *        sense[1] == SENSE_DRIVE_ONLINE    &&
	 *        sense[3] == 0x47 (Volume Fenced)
	 *
	 *        This was caused by continued FSF or FSR after an
	 *        'End Of Data'.
	 */
	if ((
		sense[0] == SENSE_DATA_CHECK      ||
		sense[0] == SENSE_EQUIPMENT_CHECK ||
		sense[0] == SENSE_EQUIPMENT_CHECK + SENSE_DEFERRED_UNIT_CHECK
	) && (
		sense[1] == SENSE_DRIVE_ONLINE ||
		sense[1] == SENSE_BEGINNING_OF_TAPE + SENSE_WRITE_MODE
	)) {
		switch (request->op) {
		/*
		 * sense[0] == SENSE_DATA_CHECK   &&
		 * sense[1] == SENSE_DRIVE_ONLINE
		 * sense[3] == 0x36 (End Of Data)
		 *
		 * Further seeks might return a 'Volume Fenced'.
		 */
		case TO_FSF:
		case TO_FSB:
			/* Trying to seek beyond end of recorded area */
			return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -ENOSPC);
		case TO_BSB:
			return tape_34xx_erp_retry(request);

		/*
		 * sense[0] == SENSE_DATA_CHECK   &&
		 * sense[1] == SENSE_DRIVE_ONLINE &&
		 * sense[3] == 0x36 (End Of Data)
		 */
		case TO_LBL:
			/* Block could not be located. */
			tape_34xx_delete_sbid_from(device, 0);
			return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);

		case TO_RFO:
			/* Read beyond end of recorded area -> 0 bytes read */
			return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, 0);

		/*
		 * sense[0] == SENSE_EQUIPMENT_CHECK &&
		 * sense[1] == SENSE_DRIVE_ONLINE    &&
		 * sense[3] == 0x38 (Physical End Of Volume)
		 */
		case TO_WRI:
			/* Writing at physical end of volume */
			return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -ENOSPC);
		default:
			return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, 0);
		}
	}

	/* Sensing special bits */
	if (sense[0] & SENSE_BUS_OUT_CHECK)
		return tape_34xx_erp_retry(request);

	if (sense[0] & SENSE_DATA_CHECK) {
		/*
		 * hardware failure, damaged tape or improper
		 * operating conditions
		 */
		switch (sense[3]) {
		case 0x23:
			/* a read data check occurred */
			if ((sense[2] & SENSE_TAPE_SYNC_MODE) ||
			    inhibit_cu_recovery)
				// data check is not permanent, may be
				// recovered. We always use async-mode with
				// cu-recovery, so this should *never* happen.
				return tape_34xx_erp_bug(device, request,
							 irb, -4);

			/* data check is permanent, CU recovery has failed */
			dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "A read error occurred "
				"that cannot be recovered\n");
			return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
		case 0x25:
			// a write data check occurred
			if ((sense[2] & SENSE_TAPE_SYNC_MODE) ||
			    inhibit_cu_recovery)
				// data check is not permanent, may be
				// recovered. We always use async-mode with
				// cu-recovery, so this should *never* happen.
				return tape_34xx_erp_bug(device, request,
							 irb, -5);

			// data check is permanent, cu-recovery has failed
			dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "A write error on the "
				"tape cannot be recovered\n");
			return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
		case 0x26:
			/* Data Check (read opposite) occurred. */
			return tape_34xx_erp_read_opposite(device, request);
		case 0x28:
			/* ID-Mark at tape start couldn't be written */
			dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "Writing the ID-mark "
				"failed\n");
			return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
		case 0x31:
			/* Tape void. Tried to read beyond end of device. */
			dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "Reading the tape beyond"
				" the end of the recorded area failed\n");
			return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -ENOSPC);
		case 0x41:
			/* Record sequence error. */
			dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "The tape contains an "
				"incorrect block ID sequence\n");
			return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
		default:
			/* all data checks for 3480 should result in one of
			 * the above erpa-codes. For 3490, other data-check
			 * conditions do exist. */
			if (device->cdev->id.driver_info == tape_3480)
				return tape_34xx_erp_bug(device, request,
							 irb, -6);
		}
	}

	if (sense[0] & SENSE_OVERRUN)
		return tape_34xx_erp_overrun(device, request, irb);

	if (sense[1] & SENSE_RECORD_SEQUENCE_ERR)
		return tape_34xx_erp_sequence(device, request, irb);

	/* Sensing erpa codes */
	switch (sense[3]) {
	case 0x00:
		/* Unit check with erpa code 0. Report and ignore. */
		return TAPE_IO_SUCCESS;
	case 0x21:
		/*
		 * Data streaming not operational. CU will switch to
		 * interlock mode. Reissue the command.
		 */
		return tape_34xx_erp_retry(request);
	case 0x22:
		/*
		 * Path equipment check. Might be drive adapter error, buffer
		 * error on the lower interface, internal path not usable,
		 * or error during cartridge load.
		 */
		dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "A path equipment check occurred"
			" for the tape device\n");
		return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
	case 0x24:
		/*
		 * Load display check. Load display was command was issued,
		 * but the drive is displaying a drive check message. Can
		 * be threated as "device end".
		 */
		return tape_34xx_erp_succeeded(request);
	case 0x27:
		/*
		 * Command reject. May indicate illegal channel program or
		 * buffer over/underrun. Since all channel programs are
		 * issued by this driver and ought be correct, we assume a
		 * over/underrun situation and retry the channel program.
		 */
		return tape_34xx_erp_retry(request);
	case 0x29:
		/*
		 * Function incompatible. Either the tape is idrc compressed
		 * but the hardware isn't capable to do idrc, or a perform
		 * subsystem func is issued and the CU is not on-line.
		 */
		return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
	case 0x2a:
		/*
		 * Unsolicited environmental data. An internal counter
		 * overflows, we can ignore this and reissue the cmd.
		 */
		return tape_34xx_erp_retry(request);
	case 0x2b:
		/*
		 * Environmental data present. Indicates either unload
		 * completed ok or read buffered log command completed ok.
		 */
		if (request->op == TO_RUN) {
			/* Rewind unload completed ok. */
			tape_med_state_set(device, MS_UNLOADED);
			return tape_34xx_erp_succeeded(request);
		}
		/* tape_34xx doesn't use read buffered log commands. */
		return tape_34xx_erp_bug(device, request, irb, sense[3]);
	case 0x2c:
		/*
		 * Permanent equipment check. CU has tried recovery, but
		 * did not succeed.
		 */
		return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
	case 0x2d:
		/* Data security erase failure. */
		if (request->op == TO_DSE)
			return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
		/* Data security erase failure, but no such command issued. */
		return tape_34xx_erp_bug(device, request, irb, sense[3]);
	case 0x2e:
		/*
		 * Not capable. This indicates either that the drive fails
		 * reading the format id mark or that that format specified
		 * is not supported by the drive.
		 */
		dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "The tape unit cannot process "
			"the tape format\n");
		return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EMEDIUMTYPE);
	case 0x30:
		/* The medium is write protected. */
		dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "The tape medium is write-"
			"protected\n");
		return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EACCES);
	case 0x32:
		// Tension loss. We cannot recover this, it's an I/O error.
		dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "The tape does not have the "
			"required tape tension\n");
		return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
	case 0x33:
		/*
		 * Load Failure. The cartridge was not inserted correctly or
		 * the tape is not threaded correctly.
		 */
		dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "The tape unit failed to load"
			" the cartridge\n");
		tape_34xx_delete_sbid_from(device, 0);
		return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
	case 0x34:
		/*
		 * Unload failure. The drive cannot maintain tape tension
		 * and control tape movement during an unload operation.
		 */
		dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "Automatic unloading of the tape"
			" cartridge failed\n");
		if (request->op == TO_RUN)
			return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
		return tape_34xx_erp_bug(device, request, irb, sense[3]);
	case 0x35:
		/*
		 * Drive equipment check. One of the following:
		 * - cu cannot recover from a drive detected error
		 * - a check code message is shown on drive display
		 * - the cartridge loader does not respond correctly
		 * - a failure occurs during an index, load, or unload cycle
		 */
		dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "An equipment check has occurred"
			" on the tape unit\n");
		return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
	case 0x36:
		if (device->cdev->id.driver_info == tape_3490)
			/* End of data. */
			return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
		/* This erpa is reserved for 3480 */
		return tape_34xx_erp_bug(device, request, irb, sense[3]);
	case 0x37:
		/*
		 * Tape length error. The tape is shorter than reported in
		 * the beginning-of-tape data.
		 */
		dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "The tape information states an"
			" incorrect length\n");
		return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
	case 0x38:
		/*
		 * Physical end of tape. A read/write operation reached
		 * the physical end of tape.
		 */
		if (request->op==TO_WRI ||
		    request->op==TO_DSE ||
		    request->op==TO_WTM)
			return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -ENOSPC);
		return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
	case 0x39:
		/* Backward at Beginning of tape. */
		return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
	case 0x3a:
		/* Drive switched to not ready. */
		dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "The tape unit is not ready\n");
		return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
	case 0x3b:
		/* Manual rewind or unload. This causes an I/O error. */
		dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "The tape medium has been "
			"rewound or unloaded manually\n");
		tape_34xx_delete_sbid_from(device, 0);
		return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
	case 0x42:
		/*
		 * Degraded mode. A condition that can cause degraded
		 * performance is detected.
		 */
		dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "The tape subsystem is running "
			"in degraded mode\n");
		return tape_34xx_erp_retry(request);
	case 0x43:
		/* Drive not ready. */
		tape_34xx_delete_sbid_from(device, 0);
		tape_med_state_set(device, MS_UNLOADED);
		/* Some commands commands are successful even in this case */
		if (sense[1] & SENSE_DRIVE_ONLINE) {
			switch(request->op) {
				case TO_ASSIGN:
				case TO_UNASSIGN:
				case TO_DIS:
				case TO_NOP:
					return tape_34xx_done(request);
					break;
				default:
					break;
			}
		}
		return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -ENOMEDIUM);
	case 0x44:
		/* Locate Block unsuccessful. */
		if (request->op != TO_BLOCK && request->op != TO_LBL)
			/* No locate block was issued. */
			return tape_34xx_erp_bug(device, request,
						 irb, sense[3]);
		return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
	case 0x45:
		/* The drive is assigned to a different channel path. */
		dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "The tape unit is already "
			"assigned\n");
		return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
	case 0x46:
		/*
		 * Drive not on-line. Drive may be switched offline,
		 * the power supply may be switched off or
		 * the drive address may not be set correctly.
		 */
		dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "The tape unit is not online\n");
		return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
	case 0x47:
		/* Volume fenced. CU reports volume integrity is lost. */
		dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "The control unit has fenced "
			"access to the tape volume\n");
		tape_34xx_delete_sbid_from(device, 0);
		return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
	case 0x48:
		/* Log sense data and retry request. */
		return tape_34xx_erp_retry(request);
	case 0x49:
		/* Bus out check. A parity check error on the bus was found. */
		dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "A parity error occurred on the "
			"tape bus\n");
		return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
	case 0x4a:
		/* Control unit erp failed. */
		dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "I/O error recovery failed on "
			"the tape control unit\n");
		return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
	case 0x4b:
		/*
		 * CU and drive incompatible. The drive requests micro-program
		 * patches, which are not available on the CU.
		 */
		dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "The tape unit requires a "
			"firmware update\n");
		return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
	case 0x4c:
		/*
		 * Recovered Check-One failure. Cu develops a hardware error,
		 * but is able to recover.
		 */
		return tape_34xx_erp_retry(request);
	case 0x4d:
		if (device->cdev->id.driver_info == tape_3490)
			/*
			 * Resetting event received. Since the driver does
			 * not support resetting event recovery (which has to
			 * be handled by the I/O Layer), retry our command.
			 */
			return tape_34xx_erp_retry(request);
		/* This erpa is reserved for 3480. */
		return tape_34xx_erp_bug(device, request, irb, sense[3]);
	case 0x4e:
		if (device->cdev->id.driver_info == tape_3490) {
			/*
			 * Maximum block size exceeded. This indicates, that
			 * the block to be written is larger than allowed for
			 * buffered mode.
			 */
			dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "The maximum block size"
				" for buffered mode is exceeded\n");
			return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -ENOBUFS);
		}
		/* This erpa is reserved for 3480. */
		return tape_34xx_erp_bug(device, request, irb, sense[3]);
	case 0x50:
		/*
		 * Read buffered log (Overflow). CU is running in extended
		 * buffered log mode, and a counter overflows. This should
		 * never happen, since we're never running in extended
		 * buffered log mode.
		 */
		return tape_34xx_erp_retry(request);
	case 0x51:
		/*
		 * Read buffered log (EOV). EOF processing occurs while the
		 * CU is in extended buffered log mode. This should never
		 * happen, since we're never running in extended buffered
		 * log mode.
		 */
		return tape_34xx_erp_retry(request);
	case 0x52:
		/* End of Volume complete. Rewind unload completed ok. */
		if (request->op == TO_RUN) {
			tape_med_state_set(device, MS_UNLOADED);
			tape_34xx_delete_sbid_from(device, 0);
			return tape_34xx_erp_succeeded(request);
		}
		return tape_34xx_erp_bug(device, request, irb, sense[3]);
	case 0x53:
		/* Global command intercept. */
		return tape_34xx_erp_retry(request);
	case 0x54:
		/* Channel interface recovery (temporary). */
		return tape_34xx_erp_retry(request);
	case 0x55:
		/* Channel interface recovery (permanent). */
		dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "A channel interface error cannot be"
			" recovered\n");
		return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
	case 0x56:
		/* Channel protocol error. */
		dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "A channel protocol error "
			"occurred\n");
		return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
	case 0x57:
		if (device->cdev->id.driver_info == tape_3480) {
			/* Attention intercept. */
			return tape_34xx_erp_retry(request);
		} else {
			/* Global status intercept. */
			return tape_34xx_erp_retry(request);
		}
	case 0x5a:
		/*
		 * Tape length incompatible. The tape inserted is too long,
		 * which could cause damage to the tape or the drive.
		 */
		dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "The tape unit does not support "
			"the tape length\n");
		return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
	case 0x5b:
		/* Format 3480 XF incompatible */
		if (sense[1] & SENSE_BEGINNING_OF_TAPE)
			/* The tape will get overwritten. */
			return tape_34xx_erp_retry(request);
		dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "The tape unit does not support"
			" format 3480 XF\n");
		return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
	case 0x5c:
		/* Format 3480-2 XF incompatible */
		dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "The tape unit does not support tape "
			"format 3480-2 XF\n");
		return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EIO);
	case 0x5d:
		/* Tape length violation. */
		dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "The tape unit does not support"
			" the current tape length\n");
		return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EMEDIUMTYPE);
	case 0x5e:
		/* Compaction algorithm incompatible. */
		dev_warn (&device->cdev->dev, "The tape unit does not support"
			" the compaction algorithm\n");
		return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -EMEDIUMTYPE);

		/* The following erpas should have been covered earlier. */
	case 0x23: /* Read data check. */
	case 0x25: /* Write data check. */
	case 0x26: /* Data check (read opposite). */
	case 0x28: /* Write id mark check. */
	case 0x31: /* Tape void. */
	case 0x40: /* Overrun error. */
	case 0x41: /* Record sequence error. */
		/* All other erpas are reserved for future use. */
	default:
		return tape_34xx_erp_bug(device, request, irb, sense[3]);
	}
}

/*
 * 3480/3490 interrupt handler
 */
static int
tape_34xx_irq(struct tape_device *device, struct tape_request *request,
	      struct irb *irb)
{
	if (request == NULL)
		return tape_34xx_unsolicited_irq(device, irb);

	if ((irb->scsw.cmd.dstat & DEV_STAT_UNIT_EXCEP) &&
	    (irb->scsw.cmd.dstat & DEV_STAT_DEV_END) &&
	    (request->op == TO_WRI)) {
		/* Write at end of volume */
		return tape_34xx_erp_failed(request, -ENOSPC);
	}

	if (irb->scsw.cmd.dstat & DEV_STAT_UNIT_CHECK)
		return tape_34xx_unit_check(device, request, irb);

	if (irb->scsw.cmd.dstat & DEV_STAT_DEV_END) {
		/*
		 * A unit exception occurs on skipping over a tapemark block.
		 */
		if (irb->scsw.cmd.dstat & DEV_STAT_UNIT_EXCEP) {
			if (request->op == TO_BSB || request->op == TO_FSB)
				request->rescnt++;
			else
				DBF_EVENT(5, "Unit Exception!\n");
		}
		return tape_34xx_done(request);
	}

	DBF_EVENT(6, "xunknownirq\n");
	tape_dump_sense_dbf(device, request, irb);
	return TAPE_IO_STOP;
}

/*
 * ioctl_overload
 */
static int
tape_34xx_ioctl(struct tape_device *device, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
	if (cmd == TAPE390_DISPLAY) {
		struct display_struct disp;

		if (copy_from_user(&disp, (char __user *) arg, sizeof(disp)) != 0)
			return -EFAULT;

		return tape_std_display(device, &disp);
	} else
		return -EINVAL;
}

static inline void
tape_34xx_append_new_sbid(struct tape_34xx_block_id bid, struct list_head *l)
{
	struct tape_34xx_sbid *	new_sbid;

	new_sbid = kmalloc(sizeof(*new_sbid), GFP_ATOMIC);
	if (!new_sbid)
		return;

	new_sbid->bid = bid;
	list_add(&new_sbid->list, l);
}

/*
 * Build up the search block ID list. The block ID consists of a logical
 * block number and a hardware specific part. The hardware specific part
 * helps the tape drive to speed up searching for a specific block.
 */
static void
tape_34xx_add_sbid(struct tape_device *device, struct tape_34xx_block_id bid)
{
	struct list_head *	sbid_list;
	struct tape_34xx_sbid *	sbid;
	struct list_head *	l;

	/*
	 * immediately return if there is no list at all or the block to add
	 * is located in segment 1 of wrap 0 because this position is used
	 * if no hardware position data is supplied.
	 */
	sbid_list = (struct list_head *) device->discdata;
	if (!sbid_list || (bid.segment < 2 && bid.wrap == 0))
		return;

	/*
	 * Search the position where to insert the new entry. Hardware
	 * acceleration uses only the segment and wrap number. So we
	 * need only one entry for a specific wrap/segment combination.
	 * If there is a block with a lower number but the same hard-
	 * ware position data we just update the block number in the
	 * existing entry.
	 */
	list_for_each(l, sbid_list) {
		sbid = list_entry(l, struct tape_34xx_sbid, list);

		if (
			(sbid->bid.segment == bid.segment) &&
			(sbid->bid.wrap    == bid.wrap)
		) {
			if (bid.block < sbid->bid.block)
				sbid->bid = bid;
			else return;
			break;
		}

		/* Sort in according to logical block number. */
		if (bid.block < sbid->bid.block) {
			tape_34xx_append_new_sbid(bid, l->prev);
			break;
		}
	}
	/* List empty or new block bigger than last entry. */
	if (l == sbid_list)
		tape_34xx_append_new_sbid(bid, l->prev);

	DBF_LH(4, "Current list is:\n");
	list_for_each(l, sbid_list) {
		sbid = list_entry(l, struct tape_34xx_sbid, list);
		DBF_LH(4, "%d:%03d@%05d\n",
			sbid->bid.wrap,
			sbid->bid.segment,
			sbid->bid.block
		);
	}
}

/*
 * Delete all entries from the search block ID list that belong to tape blocks
 * equal or higher than the given number.
 */
static void
tape_34xx_delete_sbid_from(struct tape_device *device, int from)
{
	struct list_head *	sbid_list;
	struct tape_34xx_sbid *	sbid;
	struct list_head *	l;
	struct list_head *	n;

	sbid_list = (struct list_head *) device->discdata;
	if (!sbid_list)
		return;

	list_for_each_safe(l, n, sbid_list) {
		sbid = list_entry(l, struct tape_34xx_sbid, list);
		if (sbid->bid.block >= from) {
			DBF_LH(4, "Delete sbid %d:%03d@%05d\n",
				sbid->bid.wrap,
				sbid->bid.segment,
				sbid->bid.block
			);
			list_del(l);
			kfree(sbid);
		}
	}
}

/*
 * Merge hardware position data into a block id.
 */
static void
tape_34xx_merge_sbid(
	struct tape_device *		device,
	struct tape_34xx_block_id *	bid
) {
	struct tape_34xx_sbid *	sbid;
	struct tape_34xx_sbid *	sbid_to_use;
	struct list_head *	sbid_list;
	struct list_head *	l;

	sbid_list = (struct list_head *) device->discdata;
	bid->wrap    = 0;
	bid->segment = 1;

	if (!sbid_list || list_empty(sbid_list))
		return;

	sbid_to_use = NULL;
	list_for_each(l, sbid_list) {
		sbid = list_entry(l, struct tape_34xx_sbid, list);

		if (sbid->bid.block >= bid->block)
			break;
		sbid_to_use = sbid;
	}
	if (sbid_to_use) {
		bid->wrap    = sbid_to_use->bid.wrap;
		bid->segment = sbid_to_use->bid.segment;
		DBF_LH(4, "Use %d:%03d@%05d for %05d\n",
			sbid_to_use->bid.wrap,
			sbid_to_use->bid.segment,
			sbid_to_use->bid.block,
			bid->block
		);
	}
}

static int
tape_34xx_setup_device(struct tape_device * device)
{
	int			rc;
	struct list_head *	discdata;

	DBF_EVENT(6, "34xx device setup\n");
	if ((rc = tape_std_assign(device)) == 0) {
		if ((rc = tape_34xx_medium_sense(device)) != 0) {
			DBF_LH(3, "34xx medium sense returned %d\n", rc);
		}
	}
	discdata = kmalloc(sizeof(struct list_head), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (discdata) {
			INIT_LIST_HEAD(discdata);
			device->discdata = discdata;
	}

	return rc;
}

static void
tape_34xx_cleanup_device(struct tape_device *device)
{
	tape_std_unassign(device);
	
	if (device->discdata) {
		tape_34xx_delete_sbid_from(device, 0);
		kfree(device->discdata);
		device->discdata = NULL;
	}
}


/*
 * MTTELL: Tell block. Return the number of block relative to current file.
 */
static int
tape_34xx_mttell(struct tape_device *device, int mt_count)
{
	struct {
		struct tape_34xx_block_id	cbid;
		struct tape_34xx_block_id	dbid;
	} __attribute__ ((packed)) block_id;
	int rc;

	rc = tape_std_read_block_id(device, (__u64 *) &block_id);
	if (rc)
		return rc;

	tape_34xx_add_sbid(device, block_id.cbid);
	return block_id.cbid.block;
}

/*
 * MTSEEK: seek to the specified block.
 */
static int
tape_34xx_mtseek(struct tape_device *device, int mt_count)
{
	struct tape_request *request;
	struct tape_34xx_block_id *	bid;

	if (mt_count > 0x3fffff) {
		DBF_EXCEPTION(6, "xsee parm\n");
		return -EINVAL;
	}
	request = tape_alloc_request(3, 4);
	if (IS_ERR(request))
		return PTR_ERR(request);

	/* setup ccws */
	request->op = TO_LBL;
	bid         = (struct tape_34xx_block_id *) request->cpdata;
	bid->format = (*device->modeset_byte & 0x08) ?
			TAPE34XX_FMT_3480_XF : TAPE34XX_FMT_3480;
	bid->block  = mt_count;
	tape_34xx_merge_sbid(device, bid);

	tape_ccw_cc(request->cpaddr, MODE_SET_DB, 1, device->modeset_byte);
	tape_ccw_cc(request->cpaddr + 1, LOCATE, 4, request->cpdata);
	tape_ccw_end(request->cpaddr + 2, NOP, 0, NULL);

	/* execute it */
	return tape_do_io_free(device, request);
}

#ifdef CONFIG_S390_TAPE_BLOCK
/*
 * Tape block read for 34xx.
 */
static struct tape_request *
tape_34xx_bread(struct tape_device *device, struct request *req)
{
	struct tape_request *request;
	struct ccw1 *ccw;
	int count = 0;
	unsigned off;
	char *dst;
	struct bio_vec *bv;
	struct req_iterator iter;
	struct tape_34xx_block_id *	start_block;

	DBF_EVENT(6, "xBREDid:");

	/* Count the number of blocks for the request. */
	rq_for_each_segment(bv, req, iter)
		count += bv->bv_len >> (TAPEBLOCK_HSEC_S2B + 9);

	/* Allocate the ccw request. */
	request = tape_alloc_request(3+count+1, 8);
	if (IS_ERR(request))
		return request;

	/* Setup ccws. */
	request->op = TO_BLOCK;
	start_block = (struct tape_34xx_block_id *) request->cpdata;
	start_block->block = blk_rq_pos(req) >> TAPEBLOCK_HSEC_S2B;
	DBF_EVENT(6, "start_block = %i\n", start_block->block);

	ccw = request->cpaddr;
	ccw = tape_ccw_cc(ccw, MODE_SET_DB, 1, device->modeset_byte);

	/*
	 * We always setup a nop after the mode set ccw. This slot is
	 * used in tape_std_check_locate to insert a locate ccw if the
	 * current tape position doesn't match the start block to be read.
	 * The second nop will be filled with a read block id which is in
	 * turn used by tape_34xx_free_bread to populate the segment bid
	 * table.
	 */
	ccw = tape_ccw_cc(ccw, NOP, 0, NULL);
	ccw = tape_ccw_cc(ccw, NOP, 0, NULL);

	rq_for_each_segment(bv, req, iter) {
		dst = kmap(bv->bv_page) + bv->bv_offset;
		for (off = 0; off < bv->bv_len; off += TAPEBLOCK_HSEC_SIZE) {
			ccw->flags = CCW_FLAG_CC;
			ccw->cmd_code = READ_FORWARD;
			ccw->count = TAPEBLOCK_HSEC_SIZE;
			set_normalized_cda(ccw, (void*) __pa(dst));
			ccw++;
			dst += TAPEBLOCK_HSEC_SIZE;
		}
	}

	ccw = tape_ccw_end(ccw, NOP, 0, NULL);
	DBF_EVENT(6, "xBREDccwg\n");
	return request;
}

static void
tape_34xx_free_bread (struct tape_request *request)
{
	struct ccw1* ccw;

	ccw = request->cpaddr;
	if ((ccw + 2)->cmd_code == READ_BLOCK_ID) {
		struct {
			struct tape_34xx_block_id	cbid;
			struct tape_34xx_block_id	dbid;
		} __attribute__ ((packed)) *rbi_data;

		rbi_data = request->cpdata;

		if (request->device)
			tape_34xx_add_sbid(request->device, rbi_data->cbid);
	}

	/* Last ccw is a nop and doesn't need clear_normalized_cda */
	for (; ccw->flags & CCW_FLAG_CC; ccw++)
		if (ccw->cmd_code == READ_FORWARD)
			clear_normalized_cda(ccw);
	tape_free_request(request);
}

/*
 * check_locate is called just before the tape request is passed to
 * the common io layer for execution. It has to check the current
 * tape position and insert a locate ccw if it doesn't match the
 * start block for the request.
 */
static void
tape_34xx_check_locate(struct tape_device *device, struct tape_request *request)
{
	struct tape_34xx_block_id *	start_block;

	start_block = (struct tape_34xx_block_id *) request->cpdata;
	if (start_block->block == device->blk_data.block_position)
		return;

	DBF_LH(4, "Block seek(%06d+%06d)\n", start_block->block, device->bof);
	start_block->wrap    = 0;
	start_block->segment = 1;
	start_block->format  = (*device->modeset_byte & 0x08) ?
				TAPE34XX_FMT_3480_XF :
				TAPE34XX_FMT_3480;
	start_block->block   = start_block->block + device->bof;
	tape_34xx_merge_sbid(device, start_block);
	tape_ccw_cc(request->cpaddr + 1, LOCATE, 4, request->cpdata);
	tape_ccw_cc(request->cpaddr + 2, READ_BLOCK_ID, 8, request->cpdata);
}
#endif

/*
 * List of 3480/3490 magnetic tape commands.
 */
static tape_mtop_fn tape_34xx_mtop[TAPE_NR_MTOPS] = {
	[MTRESET]	 = tape_std_mtreset,
	[MTFSF]		 = tape_std_mtfsf,
	[MTBSF]		 = tape_std_mtbsf,
	[MTFSR]		 = tape_std_mtfsr,
	[MTBSR]		 = tape_std_mtbsr,
	[MTWEOF]	 = tape_std_mtweof,
	[MTREW]		 = tape_std_mtrew,
	[MTOFFL]	 = tape_std_mtoffl,
	[MTNOP]		 = tape_std_mtnop,
	[MTRETEN]	 = tape_std_mtreten,
	[MTBSFM]	 = tape_std_mtbsfm,
	[MTFSFM]	 = tape_std_mtfsfm,
	[MTEOM]		 = tape_std_mteom,
	[MTERASE]	 = tape_std_mterase,
	[MTRAS1]	 = NULL,
	[MTRAS2]	 = NULL,
	[MTRAS3]	 = NULL,
	[MTSETBLK]	 = tape_std_mtsetblk,
	[MTSETDENSITY]	 = NULL,
	[MTSEEK]	 = tape_34xx_mtseek,
	[MTTELL]	 = tape_34xx_mttell,
	[MTSETDRVBUFFER] = NULL,
	[MTFSS]		 = NULL,
	[MTBSS]		 = NULL,
	[MTWSM]		 = NULL,
	[MTLOCK]	 = NULL,
	[MTUNLOCK]	 = NULL,
	[MTLOAD]	 = tape_std_mtload,
	[MTUNLOAD]	 = tape_std_mtunload,
	[MTCOMPRESSION]	 = tape_std_mtcompression,
	[MTSETPART]	 = NULL,
	[MTMKPART]	 = NULL
};

/*
 * Tape discipline structure for 3480 and 3490.
 */
static struct tape_discipline tape_discipline_34xx = {
	.owner = THIS_MODULE,
	.setup_device = tape_34xx_setup_device,
	.cleanup_device = tape_34xx_cleanup_device,
	.process_eov = tape_std_process_eov,
	.irq = tape_34xx_irq,
	.read_block = tape_std_read_block,
	.write_block = tape_std_write_block,
#ifdef CONFIG_S390_TAPE_BLOCK
	.bread = tape_34xx_bread,
	.free_bread = tape_34xx_free_bread,
	.check_locate = tape_34xx_check_locate,
#endif
	.ioctl_fn = tape_34xx_ioctl,
	.mtop_array = tape_34xx_mtop
};

static struct ccw_device_id tape_34xx_ids[] = {
	{ CCW_DEVICE_DEVTYPE(0x3480, 0, 0x3480, 0), .driver_info = tape_3480},
	{ CCW_DEVICE_DEVTYPE(0x3490, 0, 0x3490, 0), .driver_info = tape_3490},
	{ /* end of list */ },
};

static int
tape_34xx_online(struct ccw_device *cdev)
{
	return tape_generic_online(
		cdev->dev.driver_data,
		&tape_discipline_34xx
	);
}

static struct ccw_driver tape_34xx_driver = {
	.name = "tape_34xx",
	.owner = THIS_MODULE,
	.ids = tape_34xx_ids,
	.probe = tape_generic_probe,
	.remove = tape_generic_remove,
	.set_online = tape_34xx_online,
	.set_offline = tape_generic_offline,
};

static int
tape_34xx_init (void)
{
	int rc;

	TAPE_DBF_AREA = debug_register ( "tape_34xx", 2, 2, 4*sizeof(long));
	debug_register_view(TAPE_DBF_AREA, &debug_sprintf_view);
#ifdef DBF_LIKE_HELL
	debug_set_level(TAPE_DBF_AREA, 6);
#endif

	DBF_EVENT(3, "34xx init\n");
	/* Register driver for 3480/3490 tapes. */
	rc = ccw_driver_register(&tape_34xx_driver);
	if (rc)
		DBF_EVENT(3, "34xx init failed\n");
	else
		DBF_EVENT(3, "34xx registered\n");
	return rc;
}

static void
tape_34xx_exit(void)
{
	ccw_driver_unregister(&tape_34xx_driver);

	debug_unregister(TAPE_DBF_AREA);
}

MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(ccw, tape_34xx_ids);
MODULE_AUTHOR("(C) 2001-2002 IBM Deutschland Entwicklung GmbH");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Linux on zSeries channel attached 3480 tape device driver");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");

module_init(tape_34xx_init);
module_exit(tape_34xx_exit);

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