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authorJason Baron <jbaron@redhat.com>2009-02-05 11:53:15 -0500
committerGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>2009-03-24 16:38:27 -0700
commit86151fdf38b3795f292b39defbff39d2684b9c8c (patch)
tree7b6e21f27d6321216c5dd7bf2123ee8656ed2dc3
parente9d376f0fa66bd630fe27403669c6ae6c22a868f (diff)
dynamic debug: update docs
updates the documentation for 'dynamic debug' feature. Signed-off-by: Greg Banks <gnb@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Jason Baron <jbaron@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@suse.de>
-rw-r--r--Documentation/dynamic-debug-howto.txt232
-rw-r--r--lib/Kconfig.debug72
2 files changed, 273 insertions, 31 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/dynamic-debug-howto.txt b/Documentation/dynamic-debug-howto.txt
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..68394825e86b
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/dynamic-debug-howto.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,232 @@
+
+Introduction
+============
+
+This document describes how to use the dynamic debug (ddebug) feature.
+
+Dynamic debug is designed to allow you to dynamically enable/disable kernel
+code to obtain additional kernel information. Currently, if
+CONFIG_DYNAMIC_DEBUG is set, then all pr_debug()/dev_debug() calls can be
+dynamically enabled per-callsite.
+
+Dynamic debug has even more useful features:
+
+ * Simple query language allows turning on and off debugging statements by
+ matching any combination of:
+
+ - source filename
+ - function name
+ - line number (including ranges of line numbers)
+ - module name
+ - format string
+
+ * Provides a debugfs control file: <debugfs>/dynamic_debug/control which can be
+ read to display the complete list of known debug statements, to help guide you
+
+Controlling dynamic debug Behaviour
+===============================
+
+The behaviour of pr_debug()/dev_debug()s are controlled via writing to a
+control file in the 'debugfs' filesystem. Thus, you must first mount the debugfs
+filesystem, in order to make use of this feature. Subsequently, we refer to the
+control file as: <debugfs>/dynamic_debug/control. For example, if you want to
+enable printing from source file 'svcsock.c', line 1603 you simply do:
+
+nullarbor:~ # echo 'file svcsock.c line 1603 +p' >
+ <debugfs>/dynamic_debug/control
+
+If you make a mistake with the syntax, the write will fail thus:
+
+nullarbor:~ # echo 'file svcsock.c wtf 1 +p' >
+ <debugfs>/dynamic_debug/control
+-bash: echo: write error: Invalid argument
+
+Viewing Dynamic Debug Behaviour
+===========================
+
+You can view the currently configured behaviour of all the debug statements
+via:
+
+nullarbor:~ # cat <debugfs>/dynamic_debug/control
+# filename:lineno [module]function flags format
+/usr/src/packages/BUILD/sgi-enhancednfs-1.4/default/net/sunrpc/svc_rdma.c:323 [svcxprt_rdma]svc_rdma_cleanup - "SVCRDMA\040Module\040Removed,\040deregister\040RPC\040RDMA\040transport\012"
+/usr/src/packages/BUILD/sgi-enhancednfs-1.4/default/net/sunrpc/svc_rdma.c:341 [svcxprt_rdma]svc_rdma_init - "\011max_inline\040\040\040\040\040\040\040:\040%d\012"
+/usr/src/packages/BUILD/sgi-enhancednfs-1.4/default/net/sunrpc/svc_rdma.c:340 [svcxprt_rdma]svc_rdma_init - "\011sq_depth\040\040\040\040\040\040\040\040\040:\040%d\012"
+/usr/src/packages/BUILD/sgi-enhancednfs-1.4/default/net/sunrpc/svc_rdma.c:338 [svcxprt_rdma]svc_rdma_init - "\011max_requests\040\040\040\040\040:\040%d\012"
+...
+
+
+You can also apply standard Unix text manipulation filters to this
+data, e.g.
+
+nullarbor:~ # grep -i rdma <debugfs>/dynamic_debug/control | wc -l
+62
+
+nullarbor:~ # grep -i tcp <debugfs>/dynamic_debug/control | wc -l
+42
+
+Note in particular that the third column shows the enabled behaviour
+flags for each debug statement callsite (see below for definitions of the
+flags). The default value, no extra behaviour enabled, is "-". So
+you can view all the debug statement callsites with any non-default flags:
+
+nullarbor:~ # awk '$3 != "-"' <debugfs>/dynamic_debug/control
+# filename:lineno [module]function flags format
+/usr/src/packages/BUILD/sgi-enhancednfs-1.4/default/net/sunrpc/svcsock.c:1603 [sunrpc]svc_send p "svc_process:\040st_sendto\040returned\040%d\012"
+
+
+Command Language Reference
+==========================
+
+At the lexical level, a command comprises a sequence of words separated
+by whitespace characters. Note that newlines are treated as word
+separators and do *not* end a command or allow multiple commands to
+be done together. So these are all equivalent:
+
+nullarbor:~ # echo -c 'file svcsock.c line 1603 +p' >
+ <debugfs>/dynamic_debug/control
+nullarbor:~ # echo -c ' file svcsock.c line 1603 +p ' >
+ <debugfs>/dynamic_debug/control
+nullarbor:~ # echo -c 'file svcsock.c\nline 1603 +p' >
+ <debugfs>/dynamic_debug/control
+nullarbor:~ # echo -n 'file svcsock.c line 1603 +p' >
+ <debugfs>/dynamic_debug/control
+
+Commands are bounded by a write() system call. If you want to do
+multiple commands you need to do a separate "echo" for each, like:
+
+nullarbor:~ # echo 'file svcsock.c line 1603 +p' > /proc/dprintk ;\
+> echo 'file svcsock.c line 1563 +p' > /proc/dprintk
+
+or even like:
+
+nullarbor:~ # (
+> echo 'file svcsock.c line 1603 +p' ;\
+> echo 'file svcsock.c line 1563 +p' ;\
+> ) > /proc/dprintk
+
+At the syntactical level, a command comprises a sequence of match
+specifications, followed by a flags change specification.
+
+command ::= match-spec* flags-spec
+
+The match-spec's are used to choose a subset of the known dprintk()
+callsites to which to apply the flags-spec. Think of them as a query
+with implicit ANDs between each pair. Note that an empty list of
+match-specs is possible, but is not very useful because it will not
+match any debug statement callsites.
+
+A match specification comprises a keyword, which controls the attribute
+of the callsite to be compared, and a value to compare against. Possible
+keywords are:
+
+match-spec ::= 'func' string |
+ 'file' string |
+ 'module' string |
+ 'format' string |
+ 'line' line-range
+
+line-range ::= lineno |
+ '-'lineno |
+ lineno'-' |
+ lineno'-'lineno
+// Note: line-range cannot contain space, e.g.
+// "1-30" is valid range but "1 - 30" is not.
+
+lineno ::= unsigned-int
+
+The meanings of each keyword are:
+
+func
+ The given string is compared against the function name
+ of each callsite. Example:
+
+ func svc_tcp_accept
+
+file
+ The given string is compared against either the full
+ pathname or the basename of the source file of each
+ callsite. Examples:
+
+ file svcsock.c
+ file /usr/src/packages/BUILD/sgi-enhancednfs-1.4/default/net/sunrpc/svcsock.c
+
+module
+ The given string is compared against the module name
+ of each callsite. The module name is the string as
+ seen in "lsmod", i.e. without the directory or the .ko
+ suffix and with '-' changed to '_'. Examples:
+
+ module sunrpc
+ module nfsd
+
+format
+ The given string is searched for in the dynamic debug format
+ string. Note that the string does not need to match the
+ entire format, only some part. Whitespace and other
+ special characters can be escaped using C octal character
+ escape \ooo notation, e.g. the space character is \040.
+ Examples:
+
+ format svcrdma: // many of the NFS/RDMA server dprintks
+ format readahead // some dprintks in the readahead cache
+ format nfsd:\040SETATTR // how to match a format with whitespace
+
+line
+ The given line number or range of line numbers is compared
+ against the line number of each dprintk() callsite. A single
+ line number matches the callsite line number exactly. A
+ range of line numbers matches any callsite between the first
+ and last line number inclusive. An empty first number means
+ the first line in the file, an empty line number means the
+ last number in the file. Examples:
+
+ line 1603 // exactly line 1603
+ line 1600-1605 // the six lines from line 1600 to line 1605
+ line -1605 // the 1605 lines from line 1 to line 1605
+ line 1600- // all lines from line 1600 to the end of the file
+
+The flags specification comprises a change operation followed
+by one or more flag characters. The change operation is one
+of the characters:
+
+-
+ remove the given flags
+
++
+ add the given flags
+
+=
+ set the flags to the given flags
+
+The flags are:
+
+p
+ Causes a printk() message to be emitted to dmesg
+
+Note the regexp ^[-+=][scp]+$ matches a flags specification.
+Note also that there is no convenient syntax to remove all
+the flags at once, you need to use "-psc".
+
+Examples
+========
+
+// enable the message at line 1603 of file svcsock.c
+nullarbor:~ # echo -n 'file svcsock.c line 1603 +p' >
+ <debugfs>/dynamic_debug/control
+
+// enable all the messages in file svcsock.c
+nullarbor:~ # echo -n 'file svcsock.c +p' >
+ <debugfs>/dynamic_debug/control
+
+// enable all the messages in the NFS server module
+nullarbor:~ # echo -n 'module nfsd +p' >
+ <debugfs>/dynamic_debug/control
+
+// enable all 12 messages in the function svc_process()
+nullarbor:~ # echo -n 'func svc_process +p' >
+ <debugfs>/dynamic_debug/control
+
+// disable all 12 messages in the function svc_process()
+nullarbor:~ # echo -n 'func svc_process -p' >
+ <debugfs>/dynamic_debug/control
diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
index 0dd1c04c7323..8fee0a13ac58 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
@@ -848,59 +848,69 @@ config BUILD_DOCSRC
Say N if you are unsure.
config DYNAMIC_DEBUG
- bool "Enable dynamic printk() call support"
+ bool "Enable dynamic printk() support"
default n
depends on PRINTK
+ depends on DEBUG_FS
select PRINTK_DEBUG
help
Compiles debug level messages into the kernel, which would not
otherwise be available at runtime. These messages can then be
- enabled/disabled on a per module basis. This mechanism implicitly
- enables all pr_debug() and dev_dbg() calls. The impact of this
- compile option is a larger kernel text size of about 2%.
+ enabled/disabled based on various levels of scope - per source file,
+ function, module, format string, and line number. This mechanism
+ implicitly enables all pr_debug() and dev_dbg() calls. The impact of
+ this compile option is a larger kernel text size of about 2%.
Usage:
- Dynamic debugging is controlled by the debugfs file,
- dynamic_printk/modules. This file contains a list of the modules that
- can be enabled. The format of the file is the module name, followed
- by a set of flags that can be enabled. The first flag is always the
- 'enabled' flag. For example:
+ Dynamic debugging is controlled via the 'dynamic_debug/ddebug' file,
+ which is contained in the 'debugfs' filesystem. Thus, the debugfs
+ filesystem must first be mounted before making use of this feature.
+ We refer the control file as: <debugfs>/dynamic_debug/ddebug. This
+ file contains a list of the debug statements that can be enabled. The
+ format for each line of the file is:
- <module_name> <enabled=0/1>
- .
- .
- .
+ filename:lineno [module]function flags format
- <module_name> : Name of the module in which the debug call resides
- <enabled=0/1> : whether the messages are enabled or not
+ filename : source file of the debug statement
+ lineno : line number of the debug statement
+ module : module that contains the debug statement
+ function : function that contains the debug statement
+ flags : 'p' means the line is turned 'on' for printing
+ format : the format used for the debug statement
From a live system:
- snd_hda_intel enabled=0
- fixup enabled=0
- driver enabled=0
+ nullarbor:~ # cat <debugfs>/dynamic_debug/ddebug
+ # filename:lineno [module]function flags format
+ fs/aio.c:222 [aio]__put_ioctx - "__put_ioctx:\040freeing\040%p\012"
+ fs/aio.c:248 [aio]ioctx_alloc - "ENOMEM:\040nr_events\040too\040high\012"
+ fs/aio.c:1770 [aio]sys_io_cancel - "calling\040cancel\012"
- Enable a module:
+ Example usage:
- $echo "set enabled=1 <module_name>" > dynamic_printk/modules
+ // enable the message at line 1603 of file svcsock.c
+ nullarbor:~ # echo -n 'file svcsock.c line 1603 +p' >
+ <debugfs>/dynamic_debug/ddebug
- Disable a module:
+ // enable all the messages in file svcsock.c
+ nullarbor:~ # echo -n 'file svcsock.c +p' >
+ <debugfs>/dynamic_debug/ddebug
- $echo "set enabled=0 <module_name>" > dynamic_printk/modules
+ // enable all the messages in the NFS server module
+ nullarbor:~ # echo -n 'module nfsd +p' >
+ <debugfs>/dynamic_debug/ddebug
- Enable all modules:
+ // enable all 12 messages in the function svc_process()
+ nullarbor:~ # echo -n 'func svc_process +p' >
+ <debugfs>/dynamic_debug/ddebug
- $echo "set enabled=1 all" > dynamic_printk/modules
+ // disable all 12 messages in the function svc_process()
+ nullarbor:~ # echo -n 'func svc_process -p' >
+ <debugfs>/dynamic_debug/ddebug
- Disable all modules:
-
- $echo "set enabled=0 all" > dynamic_printk/modules
-
- Finally, passing "dynamic_printk" at the command line enables
- debugging for all modules. This mode can be turned off via the above
- disable command.
+ See Documentation/dynamic-debug-howto.txt for additional information.
source "samples/Kconfig"

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