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authorPaul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>2009-10-28 08:14:49 -0700
committerIngo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>2009-11-02 16:06:21 +0100
commit83f5b01ffbbaea6f97c9a79d21e240dbfb69f2f1 (patch)
treee278471f3b9851028ef60e283ce8c73772531d82 /kernel/rcutree.h
parentb00bc0b237055b4c45816325ee14f0bd83e6f590 (diff)
rcu: Fix long-grace-period race between forcing and initialization
Very long RCU read-side critical sections (50 milliseconds or so) can cause a race between force_quiescent_state() and rcu_start_gp() as follows on kernel builds with multi-level rcu_node hierarchies: 1. CPU 0 calls force_quiescent_state(), sees that there is a grace period in progress, and acquires ->fsqlock. 2. CPU 1 detects the end of the grace period, and so cpu_quiet_msk_finish() sets rsp->completed to rsp->gpnum. This operation is carried out under the root rnp->lock, but CPU 0 has not yet acquired that lock. Note that rsp->signaled is still RCU_SAVE_DYNTICK from the last grace period. 3. CPU 1 calls rcu_start_gp(), but no one wants a new grace period, so it drops the root rnp->lock and returns. 4. CPU 0 acquires the root rnp->lock and picks up rsp->completed and rsp->signaled, then drops rnp->lock. It then enters the RCU_SAVE_DYNTICK leg of the switch statement. 5. CPU 2 invokes call_rcu(), and now needs a new grace period. It calls rcu_start_gp(), which acquires the root rnp->lock, sets rsp->signaled to RCU_GP_INIT (too bad that CPU 0 is already in the RCU_SAVE_DYNTICK leg of the switch statement!) and starts initializing the rcu_node hierarchy. If there are multiple levels to the hierarchy, it will drop the root rnp->lock and initialize the lower levels of the hierarchy. 6. CPU 0 notes that rsp->completed has not changed, which permits both CPU 2 and CPU 0 to try updating it concurrently. If CPU 0's update prevails, later calls to force_quiescent_state() can count old quiescent states against the new grace period, which can in turn result in premature ending of grace periods. Not good. This patch adds an RCU_GP_IDLE state for rsp->signaled that is set initially at boot time and any time a grace period ends. This prevents CPU 0 from getting into the workings of force_quiescent_state() in step 4. Additional locking and checks prevent the concurrent update of rsp->signaled in step 6. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: laijs@cn.fujitsu.com Cc: dipankar@in.ibm.com Cc: mathieu.desnoyers@polymtl.ca Cc: josh@joshtriplett.org Cc: dvhltc@us.ibm.com Cc: niv@us.ibm.com Cc: peterz@infradead.org Cc: rostedt@goodmis.org Cc: Valdis.Kletnieks@vt.edu Cc: dhowells@redhat.com LKML-Reference: <1256742889199-git-send-email-> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel/rcutree.h')
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcutree.h7
1 files changed, 4 insertions, 3 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/rcutree.h b/kernel/rcutree.h
index 1823c6e20609..1899023b0962 100644
--- a/kernel/rcutree.h
+++ b/kernel/rcutree.h
@@ -201,9 +201,10 @@ struct rcu_data {
};
/* Values for signaled field in struct rcu_state. */
-#define RCU_GP_INIT 0 /* Grace period being initialized. */
-#define RCU_SAVE_DYNTICK 1 /* Need to scan dyntick state. */
-#define RCU_FORCE_QS 2 /* Need to force quiescent state. */
+#define RCU_GP_IDLE 0 /* No grace period in progress. */
+#define RCU_GP_INIT 1 /* Grace period being initialized. */
+#define RCU_SAVE_DYNTICK 2 /* Need to scan dyntick state. */
+#define RCU_FORCE_QS 3 /* Need to force quiescent state. */
#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ
#define RCU_SIGNAL_INIT RCU_SAVE_DYNTICK
#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ */

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