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authorNick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au>2008-08-11 13:49:30 +1000
committerIngo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>2008-08-11 15:21:28 +0200
commitcc7a486cac78f6fc1a24e8cd63036bae8d2ab431 (patch)
tree258abdc1843d6f9ed76608412f1364178fb8c697 /kernel
parent796aadeb1b2db9b5d463946766c5bbfd7717158c (diff)
generic-ipi: fix stack and rcu interaction bug in smp_call_function_mask()
* Venki Pallipadi <venkatesh.pallipadi@intel.com> wrote: > Found a OOPS on a big SMP box during an overnight reboot test with > upstream git. > > Suresh and I looked at the oops and looks like the root cause is in > generic_smp_call_function_interrupt() and smp_call_function_mask() with > wait parameter. > > The actual oops looked like > > [ 11.277260] BUG: unable to handle kernel paging request at ffff8802ffffffff > [ 11.277815] IP: [<ffff8802ffffffff>] 0xffff8802ffffffff > [ 11.278155] PGD 202063 PUD 0 > [ 11.278576] Oops: 0010 [1] SMP > [ 11.279006] CPU 5 > [ 11.279336] Modules linked in: > [ 11.279752] Pid: 0, comm: swapper Not tainted 2.6.27-rc2-00020-g685d87f #290 > [ 11.280039] RIP: 0010:[<ffff8802ffffffff>] [<ffff8802ffffffff>] 0xffff8802ffffffff > [ 11.280692] RSP: 0018:ffff88027f1f7f70 EFLAGS: 00010086 > [ 11.280976] RAX: 00000000ffffffff RBX: 0000000000000000 RCX: 0000000000000000 > [ 11.281264] RDX: 0000000000004f4e RSI: 0000000000000001 RDI: 0000000000000000 > [ 11.281624] RBP: ffff88027f1f7f98 R08: 0000000000000001 R09: ffffffff802509af > [ 11.281925] R10: ffff8800280c2780 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: ffff88027f097d48 > [ 11.282214] R13: ffff88027f097d70 R14: 0000000000000005 R15: ffff88027e571000 > [ 11.282502] FS: 0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffff88027f1c3340(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000 > [ 11.283096] CS: 0010 DS: 0018 ES: 0018 CR0: 000000008005003b > [ 11.283382] CR2: ffff8802ffffffff CR3: 0000000000201000 CR4: 00000000000006e0 > [ 11.283760] DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000 > [ 11.284048] DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000ffff0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400 > [ 11.284337] Process swapper (pid: 0, threadinfo ffff88027f1f2000, task ffff88027f1f0640) > [ 11.284936] Stack: ffffffff80250963 0000000000000212 0000000000ee8c78 0000000000ee8a66 > [ 11.285802] ffff88027e571550 ffff88027f1f7fa8 ffffffff8021adb5 ffff88027f1f3e40 > [ 11.286599] ffffffff8020bdd6 ffff88027f1f3e40 <EOI> ffff88027f1f3ef8 0000000000000000 > [ 11.287120] Call Trace: > [ 11.287768] <IRQ> [<ffffffff80250963>] ? generic_smp_call_function_interrupt+0x61/0x12c > [ 11.288354] [<ffffffff8021adb5>] smp_call_function_interrupt+0x17/0x27 > [ 11.288744] [<ffffffff8020bdd6>] call_function_interrupt+0x66/0x70 > [ 11.289030] <EOI> [<ffffffff8024ab3b>] ? clockevents_notify+0x19/0x73 > [ 11.289380] [<ffffffff803b9b75>] ? acpi_idle_enter_simple+0x18b/0x1fa > [ 11.289760] [<ffffffff803b9b6b>] ? acpi_idle_enter_simple+0x181/0x1fa > [ 11.290051] [<ffffffff8053aeca>] ? cpuidle_idle_call+0x70/0xa2 > [ 11.290338] [<ffffffff80209f61>] ? cpu_idle+0x5f/0x7d > [ 11.290723] [<ffffffff8060224a>] ? start_secondary+0x14d/0x152 > [ 11.291010] > [ 11.291287] > [ 11.291654] Code: Bad RIP value. > [ 11.292041] RIP [<ffff8802ffffffff>] 0xffff8802ffffffff > [ 11.292380] RSP <ffff88027f1f7f70> > [ 11.292741] CR2: ffff8802ffffffff > [ 11.310951] ---[ end trace 137c54d525305f1c ]--- > > The problem is with the following sequence of events: > > - CPU A calls smp_call_function_mask() for CPU B with wait parameter > - CPU A sets up the call_function_data on the stack and does an rcu add to > call_function_queue > - CPU A waits until the WAIT flag is cleared > - CPU B gets the call function interrupt and starts going through the > call_function_queue > - CPU C also gets some other call function interrupt and starts going through > the call_function_queue > - CPU C, which is also going through the call_function_queue, starts referencing > CPU A's stack, as that element is still in call_function_queue > - CPU B finishes the function call that CPU A set up and as there are no other > references to it, rcu deletes the call_function_data (which was from CPU A > stack) > - CPU B sees the wait flag and just clears the flag (no call_rcu to free) > - CPU A which was waiting on the flag continues executing and the stack > contents change > > - CPU C is still in rcu_read section accessing the CPU A's stack sees > inconsistent call_funation_data and can try to execute > function with some random pointer, causing stack corruption for A > (by clearing the bits in mask field) and oops. Nice debugging work. I'd suggest something like the attached (boot tested) patch as the simple fix for now. I expect the benefits from the less synchronized, multiple-in-flight-data global queue will still outweigh the costs of dynamic allocations. But if worst comes to worst then we just go back to a globally synchronous one-at-a-time implementation, but that would be pretty sad! Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel')
-rw-r--r--kernel/smp.c54
1 files changed, 47 insertions, 7 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/smp.c b/kernel/smp.c
index 96fc7c0edc59..e6084f6efb4d 100644
--- a/kernel/smp.c
+++ b/kernel/smp.c
@@ -260,6 +260,41 @@ void __smp_call_function_single(int cpu, struct call_single_data *data)
generic_exec_single(cpu, data);
}
+/* Dummy function */
+static void quiesce_dummy(void *unused)
+{
+}
+
+/*
+ * Ensure stack based data used in call function mask is safe to free.
+ *
+ * This is needed by smp_call_function_mask when using on-stack data, because
+ * a single call function queue is shared by all CPUs, and any CPU may pick up
+ * the data item on the queue at any time before it is deleted. So we need to
+ * ensure that all CPUs have transitioned through a quiescent state after
+ * this call.
+ *
+ * This is a very slow function, implemented by sending synchronous IPIs to
+ * all possible CPUs. For this reason, we have to alloc data rather than use
+ * stack based data even in the case of synchronous calls. The stack based
+ * data is then just used for deadlock/oom fallback which will be very rare.
+ *
+ * If a faster scheme can be made, we could go back to preferring stack based
+ * data -- the data allocation/free is non-zero cost.
+ */
+static void smp_call_function_mask_quiesce_stack(cpumask_t mask)
+{
+ struct call_single_data data;
+ int cpu;
+
+ data.func = quiesce_dummy;
+ data.info = NULL;
+ data.flags = CSD_FLAG_WAIT;
+
+ for_each_cpu_mask(cpu, mask)
+ generic_exec_single(cpu, &data);
+}
+
/**
* smp_call_function_mask(): Run a function on a set of other CPUs.
* @mask: The set of cpus to run on.
@@ -285,6 +320,7 @@ int smp_call_function_mask(cpumask_t mask, void (*func)(void *), void *info,
cpumask_t allbutself;
unsigned long flags;
int cpu, num_cpus;
+ int slowpath = 0;
/* Can deadlock when called with interrupts disabled */
WARN_ON(irqs_disabled());
@@ -306,15 +342,16 @@ int smp_call_function_mask(cpumask_t mask, void (*func)(void *), void *info,
return smp_call_function_single(cpu, func, info, wait);
}
- if (!wait) {
- data = kmalloc(sizeof(*data), GFP_ATOMIC);
- if (data)
- data->csd.flags = CSD_FLAG_ALLOC;
- }
- if (!data) {
+ data = kmalloc(sizeof(*data), GFP_ATOMIC);
+ if (data) {
+ data->csd.flags = CSD_FLAG_ALLOC;
+ if (wait)
+ data->csd.flags |= CSD_FLAG_WAIT;
+ } else {
data = &d;
data->csd.flags = CSD_FLAG_WAIT;
wait = 1;
+ slowpath = 1;
}
spin_lock_init(&data->lock);
@@ -331,8 +368,11 @@ int smp_call_function_mask(cpumask_t mask, void (*func)(void *), void *info,
arch_send_call_function_ipi(mask);
/* optionally wait for the CPUs to complete */
- if (wait)
+ if (wait) {
csd_flag_wait(&data->csd);
+ if (unlikely(slowpath))
+ smp_call_function_mask_quiesce_stack(allbutself);
+ }
return 0;
}

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