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2010-10-28ipc: initialize structure memory to zero for compat functionsDan Rosenberg2-0/+11
This takes care of leaking uninitialized kernel stack memory to userspace from non-zeroed fields in structs in compat ipc functions. Signed-off-by: Dan Rosenberg <drosenberg@vsecurity.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-10-28ipc/shm.c: add RSS and swap size information to /proc/sysvipc/shmHelge Deller1-21/+42
The kernel currently provides no functionality to analyze the RSS and swap space usage of each individual sysvipc shared memory segment. This patch adds this info for each existing shm segment by extending the output of /proc/sysvipc/shm by two columns for RSS and swap. Since shmctl(SHM_INFO) already provides a similiar calculation (it currently sums up all RSS/swap info for all segments), I did split out a static function which is now used by the /proc/sysvipc/shm output and shmctl(SHM_INFO). SAP products (esp. the SAP Netweaver ABAP Kernel) uses lots of big shared memory segments (we often have Linux systems with >= 16GB shm usage). Sometimes we get customer reports about "slow" system responses and while looking into their configurations we often find massive swapping activity on the system. With this patch it's now easy to see from the command line if and which shm segments gets swapped out (and how much) and can more easily give recommendations for system tuning. Without the patch it's currently not possible to do such shm analysis at all. Also... Add some spaces in front of the "size" field for 64bit kernels to get the columns correct if you cat the contents of the file. In sysvipc_shm_proc_show() the kernel prints the size value in "SPEC_SIZE" format, which is defined like this: #if BITS_PER_LONG <= 32 #define SIZE_SPEC "%10lu" #else #define SIZE_SPEC "%21lu" #endif So, if the header is not adjusted, the columns are not correctly aligned. I actually tested this on 32- and 64-bit and it seems correct now. Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-10-26fs: do not assign default i_ino in new_inodeChristoph Hellwig1-0/+1
Instead of always assigning an increasing inode number in new_inode move the call to assign it into those callers that actually need it. For now callers that need it is estimated conservatively, that is the call is added to all filesystems that do not assign an i_ino by themselves. For a few more filesystems we can avoid assigning any inode number given that they aren't user visible, and for others it could be done lazily when an inode number is actually needed, but that's left for later patches. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Dave Chinner <dchinner@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-10-26new helper: ihold()Al Viro1-1/+1
Clones an existing reference to inode; caller must already hold one. Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-10-22Merge branch 'llseek' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/arnd/bklLinus Torvalds2-0/+3
* 'llseek' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/arnd/bkl: vfs: make no_llseek the default vfs: don't use BKL in default_llseek llseek: automatically add .llseek fop libfs: use generic_file_llseek for simple_attr mac80211: disallow seeks in minstrel debug code lirc: make chardev nonseekable viotape: use noop_llseek raw: use explicit llseek file operations ibmasmfs: use generic_file_llseek spufs: use llseek in all file operations arm/omap: use generic_file_llseek in iommu_debug lkdtm: use generic_file_llseek in debugfs net/wireless: use generic_file_llseek in debugfs drm: use noop_llseek
2010-10-15llseek: automatically add .llseek fopArnd Bergmann2-0/+3
All file_operations should get a .llseek operation so we can make nonseekable_open the default for future file operations without a .llseek pointer. The three cases that we can automatically detect are no_llseek, seq_lseek and default_llseek. For cases where we can we can automatically prove that the file offset is always ignored, we use noop_llseek, which maintains the current behavior of not returning an error from a seek. New drivers should normally not use noop_llseek but instead use no_llseek and call nonseekable_open at open time. Existing drivers can be converted to do the same when the maintainer knows for certain that no user code relies on calling seek on the device file. The generated code is often incorrectly indented and right now contains comments that clarify for each added line why a specific variant was chosen. In the version that gets submitted upstream, the comments will be gone and I will manually fix the indentation, because there does not seem to be a way to do that using coccinelle. Some amount of new code is currently sitting in linux-next that should get the same modifications, which I will do at the end of the merge window. Many thanks to Julia Lawall for helping me learn to write a semantic patch that does all this. ===== begin semantic patch ===== // This adds an llseek= method to all file operations, // as a preparation for making no_llseek the default. // // The rules are // - use no_llseek explicitly if we do nonseekable_open // - use seq_lseek for sequential files // - use default_llseek if we know we access f_pos // - use noop_llseek if we know we don't access f_pos, // but we still want to allow users to call lseek // @ open1 exists @ identifier nested_open; @@ nested_open(...) { <+... nonseekable_open(...) ...+> } @ open exists@ identifier open_f; identifier i, f; identifier open1.nested_open; @@ int open_f(struct inode *i, struct file *f) { <+... ( nonseekable_open(...) | nested_open(...) ) ...+> } @ read disable optional_qualifier exists @ identifier read_f; identifier f, p, s, off; type ssize_t, size_t, loff_t; expression E; identifier func; @@ ssize_t read_f(struct file *f, char *p, size_t s, loff_t *off) { <+... ( *off = E | *off += E | func(..., off, ...) | E = *off ) ...+> } @ read_no_fpos disable optional_qualifier exists @ identifier read_f; identifier f, p, s, off; type ssize_t, size_t, loff_t; @@ ssize_t read_f(struct file *f, char *p, size_t s, loff_t *off) { ... when != off } @ write @ identifier write_f; identifier f, p, s, off; type ssize_t, size_t, loff_t; expression E; identifier func; @@ ssize_t write_f(struct file *f, const char *p, size_t s, loff_t *off) { <+... ( *off = E | *off += E | func(..., off, ...) | E = *off ) ...+> } @ write_no_fpos @ identifier write_f; identifier f, p, s, off; type ssize_t, size_t, loff_t; @@ ssize_t write_f(struct file *f, const char *p, size_t s, loff_t *off) { ... when != off } @ fops0 @ identifier fops; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... }; @ has_llseek depends on fops0 @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier llseek_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .llseek = llseek_f, ... }; @ has_read depends on fops0 @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier read_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .read = read_f, ... }; @ has_write depends on fops0 @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier write_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .write = write_f, ... }; @ has_open depends on fops0 @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier open_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .open = open_f, ... }; // use no_llseek if we call nonseekable_open //////////////////////////////////////////// @ nonseekable1 depends on !has_llseek && has_open @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier nso ~= "nonseekable_open"; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .open = nso, ... +.llseek = no_llseek, /* nonseekable */ }; @ nonseekable2 depends on !has_llseek @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier open.open_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .open = open_f, ... +.llseek = no_llseek, /* open uses nonseekable */ }; // use seq_lseek for sequential files ///////////////////////////////////// @ seq depends on !has_llseek @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier sr ~= "seq_read"; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .read = sr, ... +.llseek = seq_lseek, /* we have seq_read */ }; // use default_llseek if there is a readdir /////////////////////////////////////////// @ fops1 depends on !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier readdir_e; @@ // any other fop is used that changes pos struct file_operations fops = { ... .readdir = readdir_e, ... +.llseek = default_llseek, /* readdir is present */ }; // use default_llseek if at least one of read/write touches f_pos ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// @ fops2 depends on !fops1 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier read.read_f; @@ // read fops use offset struct file_operations fops = { ... .read = read_f, ... +.llseek = default_llseek, /* read accesses f_pos */ }; @ fops3 depends on !fops1 && !fops2 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier write.write_f; @@ // write fops use offset struct file_operations fops = { ... .write = write_f, ... + .llseek = default_llseek, /* write accesses f_pos */ }; // Use noop_llseek if neither read nor write accesses f_pos /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// @ fops4 depends on !fops1 && !fops2 && !fops3 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier read_no_fpos.read_f; identifier write_no_fpos.write_f; @@ // write fops use offset struct file_operations fops = { ... .write = write_f, .read = read_f, ... +.llseek = noop_llseek, /* read and write both use no f_pos */ }; @ depends on has_write && !has_read && !fops1 && !fops2 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier write_no_fpos.write_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .write = write_f, ... +.llseek = noop_llseek, /* write uses no f_pos */ }; @ depends on has_read && !has_write && !fops1 && !fops2 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier read_no_fpos.read_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .read = read_f, ... +.llseek = noop_llseek, /* read uses no f_pos */ }; @ depends on !has_read && !has_write && !fops1 && !fops2 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... +.llseek = noop_llseek, /* no read or write fn */ }; ===== End semantic patch ===== Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Julia Lawall <julia@diku.dk> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
2010-10-01sys_semctl: fix kernel stack leakageDan Rosenberg1-0/+2
The semctl syscall has several code paths that lead to the leakage of uninitialized kernel stack memory (namely the IPC_INFO, SEM_INFO, IPC_STAT, and SEM_STAT commands) during the use of the older, obsolete version of the semid_ds struct. The copy_semid_to_user() function declares a semid_ds struct on the stack and copies it back to the user without initializing or zeroing the "sem_base", "sem_pending", "sem_pending_last", and "undo" pointers, allowing the leakage of 16 bytes of kernel stack memory. The code is still reachable on 32-bit systems - when calling semctl() newer glibc's automatically OR the IPC command with the IPC_64 flag, but invoking the syscall directly allows users to use the older versions of the struct. Signed-off-by: Dan Rosenberg <dan.j.rosenberg@gmail.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-08-09switch mqueue to ->evict_inode()Al Viro1-9/+7
... and since the inodes are never hashed, we can use default ->drop_inode() just fine. Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-07-20ipc/sem.c: bugfix for semop() not reporting successful operationManfred Spraul1-7/+39
The last change to improve the scalability moved the actual wake-up out of the section that is protected by spin_lock(sma->sem_perm.lock). This means that IN_WAKEUP can be in queue.status even when the spinlock is acquired by the current task. Thus the same loop that is performed when queue.status is read without the spinlock acquired must be performed when the spinlock is acquired. Thanks to kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com for noticing lack of the memory barrier. Addresses https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=16255 [akpm@linux-foundation.org: clean up kerneldoc, checkpatch warning and whitespace] Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Reported-by: Luca Tettamanti <kronos.it@gmail.com> Tested-by: Luca Tettamanti <kronos.it@gmail.com> Reported-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Maciej Rutecki <maciej.rutecki@gmail.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-06-04mqueue doesn't need make_bad_inode()Al Viro1-1/+0
It never hashes them anyway and does final iput() immediately afterwards. With ->drop_inode() being generic_delete_inode()... Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-05-28drop unused dentry argument to ->fsyncChristoph Hellwig1-7/+4
Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-05-27ipc/sem.c: use ERR_CASTJulia Lawall1-1/+1
Use ERR_CAST(x) rather than ERR_PTR(PTR_ERR(x)). The former makes more clear what is the purpose of the operation, which otherwise looks like a no-op. The semantic patch that makes this change is as follows: (http://coccinelle.lip6.fr/) // <smpl> @@ type T; T x; identifier f; @@ T f (...) { <+... - ERR_PTR(PTR_ERR(x)) + x ...+> } @@ expression x; @@ - ERR_PTR(PTR_ERR(x)) + ERR_CAST(x) // </smpl> Signed-off-by: Julia Lawall <julia@diku.dk> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-05-27ipc/sem.c: update description of the implementationManfred Spraul1-50/+53
ipc/sem.c begins with a 15 year old description about bugs in the initial implementation in Linux-1.0. The patch replaces that with a top level description of the current code. A TODO could be derived from this text: The opengroup man page for semop() does not mandate FIFO. Thus there is no need for a semaphore array list of pending operations. If - this list is removed - the per-semaphore array spinlock is removed (possible if there is no list to protect) - sem_otime is moved into the semaphores and calculated on demand during semctl() then the array would be read-mostly - which would significantly improve scaling for applications that use semaphore arrays with lots of entries. The price would be expensive semctl() calls: for(i=0;i<sma->sem_nsems;i++) spin_lock(sma->sem_lock); <do stuff> for(i=0;i<sma->sem_nsems;i++) spin_unlock(sma->sem_lock); I'm not sure if the complexity is worth the effort, thus here is the documentation of the current behavior first. Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Chris Mason <chris.mason@oracle.com> Cc: Zach Brown <zach.brown@oracle.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-05-27ipc/sem.c: move wake_up_process out of the spinlock sectionManfred Spraul1-32/+91
The wake-up part of semtimedop() consists out of two steps: - the right tasks must be identified. - they must be woken up. Right now, both steps run while the array spinlock is held. This patch reorders the code and moves the actual wake_up_process() behind the point where the spinlock is dropped. The code also moves setting sem->sem_otime to one place: It does not make sense to set the last modify time multiple times. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: repair kerneldoc] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix uninitialised retval] Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Chris Mason <chris.mason@oracle.com> Cc: Zach Brown <zach.brown@oracle.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-05-27ipc/sem.c: optimize update_queue() for bulk wakeup callsManfred Spraul1-13/+97
The following series of patches tries to fix the spinlock contention reported by Chris Mason - his benchmark exposes problems of the current code: - In the worst case, the algorithm used by update_queue() is O(N^2). Bulk wake-up calls can enter this worst case. The patch series fix that. Note that the benchmark app doesn't expose the problem, it just should be fixed: Real world apps might do the wake-ups in another order than perfect FIFO. - The part of the code that runs within the semaphore array spinlock is significantly larger than necessary. The patch series fixes that. This change is responsible for the main improvement. - The cacheline with the spinlock is also used for a variable that is read in the hot path (sem_base) and for a variable that is unnecessarily written to multiple times (sem_otime). The last step of the series cacheline-aligns the spinlock. This patch: The SysV semaphore code allows to perform multiple operations on all semaphores in the array as atomic operations. After a modification, update_queue() checks which of the waiting tasks can complete. The algorithm that is used to identify the tasks is O(N^2) in the worst case. For some cases, it is simple to avoid the O(N^2). The patch adds a detection logic for some cases, especially for the case of an array where all sleeping tasks are single sembuf operations and a multi-sembuf operation is used to wake up multiple tasks. A big database application uses that approach. The patch fixes wakeup due to semctl(,,SETALL,) - the initial version of the patch breaks that. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: make do_smart_update() static] Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Chris Mason <chris.mason@oracle.com> Cc: Zach Brown <zach.brown@oracle.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-05-25kernel-wide: replace USHORT_MAX, SHORT_MAX and SHORT_MIN with USHRT_MAX, ↵Alexey Dobriyan2-8/+8
SHRT_MAX and SHRT_MIN - C99 knows about USHRT_MAX/SHRT_MAX/SHRT_MIN, not USHORT_MAX/SHORT_MAX/SHORT_MIN. - Make SHRT_MIN of type s16, not int, for consistency. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix drivers/dma/timb_dma.c] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix security/keys/keyring.c] Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Acked-by: WANG Cong <xiyou.wangcong@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-05-20Merge branch 'timers-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-49/+25
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip * 'timers-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip: clocksource: Add clocksource_register_hz/khz interface posix-cpu-timers: Optimize run_posix_cpu_timers() time: Remove xtime_cache mqueue: Convert message queue timeout to use hrtimers hrtimers: Provide schedule_hrtimeout for CLOCK_REALTIME timers: Introduce the concept of timer slack for legacy timers ntp: Remove tickadj ntp: Make time_adjust static time: Add xtime, wall_to_monotonic to feature-removal-schedule timer: Try to survive timer callback preempt_count leak timer: Split out timer function call timer: Print function name for timer callbacks modifying preemption count time: Clean up warp_clock() cpu-timers: Avoid iterating over all threads in fastpath_timer_check() cpu-timers: Change SIGEV_NONE timer implementation cpu-timers: Return correct previous timer reload value cpu-timers: Cleanup arm_timer() cpu-timers: Simplify RLIMIT_CPU handling
2010-05-12mqueue: fix kernel BUG caused by double free() on mq_open()André Goddard Rosa1-1/+1
In case of aborting because we reach the maximum amount of memory which can be allocated to message queues per user (RLIMIT_MSGQUEUE), we would try to free the message area twice when bailing out: first by the error handling code itself, and then later when cleaning up the inode through delete_inode(). Signed-off-by: André Goddard Rosa <andre.goddard@gmail.com> Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-05-10Merge branch 'linus' into timers/coreThomas Gleixner4-3/+2
Reason: Further posix_cpu_timer patches depend on mainline changes Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
2010-04-06mqueue: Convert message queue timeout to use hrtimersCarsten Emde1-49/+25
The message queue functions mq_timedsend() and mq_timedreceive() have not yet been converted to use the hrtimer interface. This patch replaces the call to schedule_timeout() by a call to schedule_hrtimeout() and transforms the expiration time from timespec to ktime as required. [ tglx: Fixed whitespace wreckage ] Signed-off-by: Carsten Emde <C.Emde@osadl.org> Tested-by: Pradyumna Sampath <pradysam@gmail.com> Cc: Arjan van de Veen <arjan@infradead.org> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> LKML-Reference: <20100402204331.715783034@osadl.org> Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
2010-03-30include cleanup: Update gfp.h and slab.h includes to prepare for breaking ↵Tejun Heo3-2/+1
implicit slab.h inclusion from percpu.h percpu.h is included by sched.h and module.h and thus ends up being included when building most .c files. percpu.h includes slab.h which in turn includes gfp.h making everything defined by the two files universally available and complicating inclusion dependencies. percpu.h -> slab.h dependency is about to be removed. Prepare for this change by updating users of gfp and slab facilities include those headers directly instead of assuming availability. As this conversion needs to touch large number of source files, the following script is used as the basis of conversion. http://userweb.kernel.org/~tj/misc/slabh-sweep.py The script does the followings. * Scan files for gfp and slab usages and update includes such that only the necessary includes are there. ie. if only gfp is used, gfp.h, if slab is used, slab.h. * When the script inserts a new include, it looks at the include blocks and try to put the new include such that its order conforms to its surrounding. It's put in the include block which contains core kernel includes, in the same order that the rest are ordered - alphabetical, Christmas tree, rev-Xmas-tree or at the end if there doesn't seem to be any matching order. * If the script can't find a place to put a new include (mostly because the file doesn't have fitting include block), it prints out an error message indicating which .h file needs to be added to the file. The conversion was done in the following steps. 1. The initial automatic conversion of all .c files updated slightly over 4000 files, deleting around 700 includes and adding ~480 gfp.h and ~3000 slab.h inclusions. The script emitted errors for ~400 files. 2. Each error was manually checked. Some didn't need the inclusion, some needed manual addition while adding it to implementation .h or embedding .c file was more appropriate for others. This step added inclusions to around 150 files. 3. The script was run again and the output was compared to the edits from #2 to make sure no file was left behind. 4. Several build tests were done and a couple of problems were fixed. e.g. lib/decompress_*.c used malloc/free() wrappers around slab APIs requiring slab.h to be added manually. 5. The script was run on all .h files but without automatically editing them as sprinkling gfp.h and slab.h inclusions around .h files could easily lead to inclusion dependency hell. Most gfp.h inclusion directives were ignored as stuff from gfp.h was usually wildly available and often used in preprocessor macros. Each slab.h inclusion directive was examined and added manually as necessary. 6. percpu.h was updated not to include slab.h. 7. Build test were done on the following configurations and failures were fixed. CONFIG_GCOV_KERNEL was turned off for all tests (as my distributed build env didn't work with gcov compiles) and a few more options had to be turned off depending on archs to make things build (like ipr on powerpc/64 which failed due to missing writeq). * x86 and x86_64 UP and SMP allmodconfig and a custom test config. * powerpc and powerpc64 SMP allmodconfig * sparc and sparc64 SMP allmodconfig * ia64 SMP allmodconfig * s390 SMP allmodconfig * alpha SMP allmodconfig * um on x86_64 SMP allmodconfig 8. percpu.h modifications were reverted so that it could be applied as a separate patch and serve as bisection point. Given the fact that I had only a couple of failures from tests on step 6, I'm fairly confident about the coverage of this conversion patch. If there is a breakage, it's likely to be something in one of the arch headers which should be easily discoverable easily on most builds of the specific arch. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Guess-its-ok-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
2010-03-22ppc64 sys_ipc breakage in 2.6.34-rc2Anton Blanchard1-1/+1
I chased down a fail on ppc64 on 2.6.34-rc2 where an application that uses shared memory was getting a SEGV. Commit baed7fc9b580bd3fb8252ff1d9b36eaf1f86b670 ("Add generic sys_ipc wrapper") changed the second argument from an unsigned long to an int. When we call shmget the system call wrappers for sys_ipc will sign extend second (ie the size) which truncates it. It took a while to track down because the call succeeds and strace shows the untruncated size :) The patch below changes second from an int to an unsigned long which fixes shmget on ppc64 (and I assume s390, sparc64 and mips64). Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <anton@samba.org> -- I assume the function prototypes for the other IPC methods would cause us to sign or zero extend second where appropriate (avoiding any security issues). Come to think of it, the syscall wrappers for each method should do that for us as well. Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-03-12ipc: use rlimit helpersJiri Slaby2-3/+2
Make sure compiler won't do weird things with limits. E.g. fetching them twice may return 2 different values after writable limits are implemented. I.e. either use rlimit helpers added in 3e10e716abf3c71bdb5d86b8f507f9e72236c9cd ("resource: add helpers for fetching rlimits") or ACCESS_ONCE if not applicable. Signed-off-by: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-03-12Add generic sys_ipc wrapperChristoph Hellwig2-1/+100
Add a generic implementation of the ipc demultiplexer syscall. Except for s390 and sparc64 all implementations of the sys_ipc are nearly identical. There are slight differences in the types of the parameters, where mips and powerpc as the only 64-bit architectures with sys_ipc use unsigned long for the "third" argument as it gets casted to a pointer later, while it traditionally is an "int" like most other paramters. frv goes even further and uses unsigned long for all parameters execept for "ptr" which is a pointer type everywhere. The change from int to unsigned long for "third" and back to "int" for the others on frv should be fine due to the in-register calling conventions for syscalls (we already had a similar issue with the generic sys_ptrace), but I'd prefer to have the arch maintainers looks over this in details. Except for that h8300, m68k and m68knommu lack an impplementation of the semtimedop sub call which this patch adds, and various architectures have gets used - at least on i386 it seems superflous as the compat code on x86-64 and ia64 doesn't even bother to implement it. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: add sys_ipc to sys_ni.c] Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Cc: Jeff Dike <jdike@addtoit.com> Cc: Hirokazu Takata <takata@linux-m32r.org> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Reviewed-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: "Luck, Tony" <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Cc: Andreas Schwab <schwab@linux-m68k.org> Acked-by: Jesper Nilsson <jesper.nilsson@axis.com> Acked-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk> Acked-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: Kyle McMartin <kyle@mcmartin.ca> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-03-03mqueue: fix typo "failues" -> "failures"André Goddard Rosa1-1/+1
Signed-off-by: André Goddard Rosa <andre.goddard@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-03-03mqueue: only set error codes if they are really necessaryAndré Goddard Rosa1-27/+50
... postponing assignments until they're needed. Doesn't change code size. Signed-off-by: André Goddard Rosa <andre.goddard@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-03-03mqueue: simplify do_open() error handlingAndré Goddard Rosa1-6/+10
It reduces code size: text data bss dec hex filename 9925 72 16 10013 271d ipc/mqueue-BEFORE.o 9885 72 16 9973 26f5 ipc/mqueue-AFTER.o Signed-off-by: André Goddard Rosa <andre.goddard@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-03-03mqueue: apply mathematics distributivity on mq_bytes calculationAndré Goddard Rosa1-4/+5
Code size reduction: text data bss dec hex filename 9941 72 16 10029 272d ipc/mqueue-BEFORE.o 9925 72 16 10013 271d ipc/mqueue-AFTER.o Signed-off-by: André Goddard Rosa <andre.goddard@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-03-03mqueue: remove unneeded info->messages initializationAndré Goddard Rosa1-8/+5
... and abort earlier if we couldn't allocate the message pointers array, avoiding the u->mq_bytes accounting logic. It reduces code size: text data bss dec hex filename 9949 72 16 10037 2735 ipc/mqueue-BEFORE.o 9941 72 16 10029 272d ipc/mqueue-AFTER.o Signed-off-by: André Goddard Rosa <andre.goddard@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-03-03mqueue: fix mq_open() file descriptor leak on user-space processesAndré Goddard Rosa1-2/+1
We leak fd on lookup_one_len() failure Signed-off-by: André Goddard Rosa <andre.goddard@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2010-01-16nommu: fix SYSV SHM for NOMMUDavid Howells1-0/+3
Commit c4caa778157dbbf04116f0ac2111e389b5cd7a29 ("file ->get_unmapped_area() shouldn't duplicate work of get_unmapped_area()") broke SYSV SHM for NOMMU by taking away the pointer to shm_get_unmapped_area() from shm_file_operations. Put it back conditionally on CONFIG_MMU=n. file->f_ops->get_unmapped_area() is used to find out the base address for a mapping of a mappable chardev device or mappable memory-based file (such as a ramfs file). It needs to be called prior to file->f_ops->mmap() being called. Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Acked-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Greg Ungerer <gerg@snapgear.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-12-16Merge branch 'master' of ↵Linus Torvalds2-9/+5
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs-2.6 * 'master' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs-2.6: (38 commits) direct I/O fallback sync simplification ocfs: stop using do_sync_mapping_range cleanup blockdev_direct_IO locking make generic_acl slightly more generic sanitize xattr handler prototypes libfs: move EXPORT_SYMBOL for d_alloc_name vfs: force reval of target when following LAST_BIND symlinks (try #7) ima: limit imbalance msg Untangling ima mess, part 3: kill dead code in ima Untangling ima mess, part 2: deal with counters Untangling ima mess, part 1: alloc_file() O_TRUNC open shouldn't fail after file truncation ima: call ima_inode_free ima_inode_free IMA: clean up the IMA counts updating code ima: only insert at inode creation time ima: valid return code from ima_inode_alloc fs: move get_empty_filp() deffinition to internal.h Sanitize exec_permission_lite() Kill cached_lookup() and real_lookup() Kill path_lookup_open() ... Trivial conflicts in fs/direct-io.c
2009-12-16Untangling ima mess, part 2: deal with countersAl Viro1-2/+0
* do ima_get_count() in __dentry_open() * stop doing that in followups * move ima_path_check() to right after nameidata_to_filp() * don't bump counters on it Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2009-12-16Untangling ima mess, part 1: alloc_file()Al Viro1-2/+0
There are 2 groups of alloc_file() callers: * ones that are followed by ima_counts_get * ones giving non-regular files So let's pull that ima_counts_get() into alloc_file(); it's a no-op in case of non-regular files. Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2009-12-16switch alloc_file() to passing struct pathAl Viro1-5/+5
... and have the caller grab both mnt and dentry; kill leak in infiniband, while we are at it. Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2009-12-16ipc: remove unreachable code in sem.cAmerigo Wang1-2/+1
This line is unreachable, remove it. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove unneeded initialisation of `err'] Signed-off-by: WANG Cong <amwang@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-12-16ipc/sem.c: optimize single sops when semval is zeroManfred Spraul1-0/+11
If multiple simple decrements on the same semaphore are pending, then the current code scans all decrement operations, even if the semaphore value is already 0. The patch optimizes that: if the semaphore value is 0, then there is no need to scan the q->alter entries. Note that this is a common case: It happens if 100 decrements by one are pending and now an increment by one increases the semaphore value from 0 to 1. Without this patch, all 100 entries are scanned. With the patch, only one entry is scanned, then woken up. Then the new rule triggers and the scanning is aborted, without looking at the remaining 99 tasks. With this patch, single sop increment/decrement by 1 are now O(1). (same as with Nick's patch) Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Cc: Pierre Peiffer <peifferp@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-12-16ipc/sem.c: optimize single semop operationsManfred Spraul1-11/+40
sysv sem has the concept of semaphore arrays that consist out of multiple semaphores. Atomic operations that affect multiple semaphores are supported. The patch optimizes single semaphore operation calls that affect only one semaphore: It's not necessary to scan all pending operations, it is sufficient to scan the per-semaphore list. The idea is from Nick Piggin version of an ipc sem improvement, the implementation is different: The code tries to keep as much common code as possible. As the result, the patch is simpler, but optimizes fewer cases. Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Cc: Pierre Peiffer <peifferp@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-12-16ipc/sem.c: add a per-semaphore pending listManfred Spraul1-5/+32
Based on Nick's findings: sysv sem has the concept of semaphore arrays that consist out of multiple semaphores. Atomic operations that affect multiple semaphores are supported. The patch is the first step for optimizing simple, single semaphore operations: In addition to the global list of all pending operations, a 2nd, per-semaphore list with the simple operations is added. Note: this patch does not make sense by itself, the new list is used nowhere. Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Cc: Pierre Peiffer <peifferp@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-12-16ipc/sem.c: optimize if semops failManfred Spraul1-2/+2
Reduce the amount of scanning of the list of pending semaphore operations: If try_atomic_semop failed, then no changes were applied. Thus no need to restart. Additionally, this patch correct an incorrect comment: It's possible to wait for arbitrary semaphore values (do a dec by <x>, wait-for-zero, inc by <x> in one atomic operation) Both changes are from Nick Piggin, the patch is the result of a different split of the individual changes. Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Cc: Pierre Peiffer <peifferp@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-12-16ipc/sem.c: sem preempt improveNick Piggin1-15/+23
The strange sysv semaphore wakeup scheme has a kind of busy-wait lock involved, which could deadlock if preemption is enabled during the "lock". It is an implementation detail (due to a spinlock being held) that this is actually the case. However if "spinlocks" are made preemptible, or if the sem lock is changed to a sleeping lock for example, then the wakeup would become buggy. So this might be a bugfix for -rt kernels. Imagine waker being preempted by wakee and never clearing IN_WAKEUP -- if wakee has higher RT priority then there is a priority inversion deadlock. Even if there is not a priority inversion to cause a deadlock, then there is still time wasted spinning. Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Pierre Peiffer <peifferp@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-12-16ipc/sem.c: sem use list operationsNick Piggin1-44/+31
Replace the handcoded list operations in update_queue() with the standard list_for_each_entry macros. list_for_each_entry_safe() must be used, because list entries can disappear immediately uppon the wakeup event. Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Pierre Peiffer <peifferp@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-12-16ipc/sem.c: sem optimise undo list searchNick Piggin1-6/+20
Around a month ago, there was some discussion about an improvement of the sysv sem algorithm: Most (at least: some important) users only use simple semaphore operations, therefore it's worthwile to optimize this use case. This patch: Move last looked up sem_undo struct to the head of the task's undo list. Attempt to move common entries to the front of the list so search time is reduced. This reduces lookup_undo on oprofile of problematic SAP workload by 30% (see patch 4 for a description of SAP workload). Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Pierre Peiffer <peifferp@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-12-16ipc ns: fix memory leak (idr)Serge E. Hallyn3-0/+3
We have apparently had a memory leak since 7ca7e564e049d8b350ec9d958ff25eaa24226352 "ipc: store ipcs into IDRs" in 2007. The idr of which 3 exist for each ipc namespace is never freed. This patch simply frees them when the ipcns is freed. I don't believe any idr_remove() are done from rcu (and could therefore be delayed until after this idr_destroy()), so the patch should be safe. Some quick testing showed no harm, and the memory leak fixed. Caught by kmemleak. Signed-off-by: Serge E. Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-12-11file ->get_unmapped_area() shouldn't duplicate work of get_unmapped_area()Al Viro1-14/+17
... we should call mm ->get_unmapped_area() instead and let our caller do the final checks. Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2009-12-10Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-1/+1
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jikos/trivial * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jikos/trivial: (42 commits) tree-wide: fix misspelling of "definition" in comments reiserfs: fix misspelling of "journaled" doc: Fix a typo in slub.txt. inotify: remove superfluous return code check hdlc: spelling fix in find_pvc() comment doc: fix regulator docs cut-and-pasteism mtd: Fix comment in Kconfig doc: Fix IRQ chip docs tree-wide: fix assorted typos all over the place drivers/ata/libata-sff.c: comment spelling fixes fix typos/grammos in Documentation/edac.txt sysctl: add missing comments fs/debugfs/inode.c: fix comment typos sgivwfb: Make use of ARRAY_SIZE. sky2: fix sky2_link_down copy/paste comment error tree-wide: fix typos "couter" -> "counter" tree-wide: fix typos "offest" -> "offset" fix kerneldoc for set_irq_msi() spidev: fix double "of of" in comment comment typo fix: sybsystem -> subsystem ...
2009-12-04ipc: fix unused variable warningFelipe Contreras1-1/+1
Commit a0d092f introduced the following warning: ipc/msg.c: In function ?msgctl_down?: ipc/msg.c:415: warning: ?msqid64? may be used uninitialized in this function The gcc warning in this case is actually bogus, as msqid64 is touched only iff cmd == IPC_SET, and in such case, copy_msqid_from_user() initializes it properly. Signed-off-by: Felipe Contreras <felipe.contreras@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2009-11-12sysctl ipc: Remove dead binary sysctl support code.Eric W. Biederman2-81/+3
Now that sys_sysctl is a generic wrapper around /proc/sys .ctl_name and .strategy members of sysctl tables are dead code. Remove them. Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
2009-09-27const: mark struct vm_struct_operationsAlexey Dobriyan1-2/+2
* mark struct vm_area_struct::vm_ops as const * mark vm_ops in AGP code But leave TTM code alone, something is fishy there with global vm_ops being used. Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-09-24sysctl: remove "struct file *" argument of ->proc_handlerAlexey Dobriyan2-12/+12
It's unused. It isn't needed -- read or write flag is already passed and sysctl shouldn't care about the rest. It _was_ used in two places at arch/frv for some reason. Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

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