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2011-03-11lib: add shared BCH ECC libraryIvan Djelic1-0/+1368
This is a new software BCH encoding/decoding library, similar to the shared Reed-Solomon library. Binary BCH (Bose-Chaudhuri-Hocquenghem) codes are widely used to correct errors in NAND flash devices requiring more than 1-bit ecc correction; they are generally better suited for NAND flash than RS codes because NAND bit errors do not occur in bursts. Latest SLC NAND devices typically require at least 4-bit ecc protection per 512 bytes block. This library provides software encoding/decoding, but may also be used with ASIC/SoC hardware BCH engines to perform error correction. It is being currently used for this purpose on an OMAP3630 board (4bit/8bit HW BCH). It has also been used to decode raw dumps of NAND devices with on-die BCH ecc engines (e.g. Micron 4bit ecc SLC devices). Latest NAND devices (including SLC) can exhibit high error rates (typically a dozen or more bitflips per hour during stress tests); in order to minimize the performance impact of error correction, this library implements recently developed algorithms for fast polynomial root finding (see bch.c header for details) instead of the traditional exhaustive Chien root search; a few performance figures are provided below: Platform: arm926ejs @ 468 MHz, 32 KiB icache, 16 KiB dcache BCH ecc : 4-bit per 512 bytes Encoding average throughput: 250 Mbits/s Error correction time (compared with Chien search): average worst average (Chien) worst (Chien) ---------------------------------------------------------- 1 bit 8.5 µs 11 µs 200 µs 383 µs 2 bit 9.7 µs 12.5 µs 477 µs 728 µs 3 bit 18.1 µs 20.6 µs 758 µs 1010 µs 4 bit 19.5 µs 23 µs 1028 µs 1280 µs In the above figures, "worst" is meant in terms of error pattern, not in terms of cache miss / page faults effects (not taken into account here). The library has been extensively tested on the following platforms: x86, x86_64, arm926ejs, omap3630, qemu-ppc64, qemu-mips. Signed-off-by: Ivan Djelic <ivan.djelic@parrot.com> Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com>

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