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2010-09-25Avoid pgoff overflow in remap_file_pagesLarry Woodman1-0/+4
Thomas Pollet noticed that the remap_file_pages() system call in fremap.c has a potential overflow in the first part of the if statement below, which could cause it to process bogus input parameters. Specifically the pgoff + size parameters could be wrap thereby preventing the system call from failing when it should. Reported-by: Thomas Pollet <thomas.pollet@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Larry Woodman <lwoodman@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-09-24fremap: get rid of broken 'end' variableLinus Torvalds1-2/+1
Thomas Pollet points out that the 'end' variable is broken. It was computed based on start/size before they were page-aligned, and as such doesn't actually match any of the other actions we take. The overflow test on end was also redundant, since we had already tested it with the properly aligned version. So just get rid of it entirely. The one remaining use for that broken variable can just use 'start+size' like all the other cases already did. Reported-by: Thomas Pollet <thomas.pollet@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-03-06mm: clean up mm_counterKAMEZAWA Hiroyuki1-1/+1
Presently, per-mm statistics counter is defined by macro in sched.h This patch modifies it to - defined in mm.h as inlinf functions - use array instead of macro's name creation. This patch is for reducing patch size in future patch to modify implementation of per-mm counter. Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-02-10Do not account for the address space used by hugetlbfs using VM_ACCOUNTMel Gorman1-1/+1
When overcommit is disabled, the core VM accounts for pages used by anonymous shared, private mappings and special mappings. It keeps track of VMAs that should be accounted for with VM_ACCOUNT and VMAs that never had a reserve with VM_NORESERVE. Overcommit for hugetlbfs is much riskier than overcommit for base pages due to contiguity requirements. It avoids overcommiting on both shared and private mappings using reservation counters that are checked and updated during mmap(). This ensures (within limits) that hugepages exist in the future when faults occurs or it is too easy to applications to be SIGKILLed. As hugetlbfs makes its own reservations of a different unit to the base page size, VM_ACCOUNT should never be set. Even if the units were correct, we would double account for the usage in the core VM and hugetlbfs. VM_NORESERVE may be set because an application can request no reserves be made for hugetlbfs at the risk of getting killed later. With commit fc8744adc870a8d4366908221508bb113d8b72ee, VM_NORESERVE and VM_ACCOUNT are getting unconditionally set for hugetlbfs-backed mappings. This breaks the accounting for both the core VM and hugetlbfs, can trigger an OOM storm when hugepage pools are too small lockups and corrupted counters otherwise are used. This patch brings hugetlbfs more in line with how the core VM treats VM_NORESERVE but prevents VM_ACCOUNT being set. Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-01-14[CVE-2009-0029] System call wrappers part 13Heiko Carstens1-2/+2
Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
2009-01-06badpage: remove vma from page_remove_rmapHugh Dickins1-1/+1
Remove page_remove_rmap()'s vma arg, which was only for the Eeek message. And remove the BUG_ON(page_mapcount(page) == 0) from CONFIG_DEBUG_VM's page_dup_rmap(): we're trying to be more resilient about that than BUGs. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-20mmap: handle mlocked pages during map, remap, unmapRik van Riel1-5/+22
Originally by Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Remove mlocked pages from the LRU using "unevictable infrastructure" during mmap(), munmap(), mremap() and truncate(). Try to move back to normal LRU lists on munmap() when last mlocked mapping removed. Remove PageMlocked() status when page truncated from file. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: cleanup] [kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com: fix double unlock_page()] [kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com: split LRU: munlock rework] [lee.schermerhorn@hp.com: mlock: fix __mlock_vma_pages_range comment block] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove bogus kerneldoc token] Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamewzawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-07-28mmu-notifiers: coreAndrea Arcangeli1-0/+3
With KVM/GFP/XPMEM there isn't just the primary CPU MMU pointing to pages. There are secondary MMUs (with secondary sptes and secondary tlbs) too. sptes in the kvm case are shadow pagetables, but when I say spte in mmu-notifier context, I mean "secondary pte". In GRU case there's no actual secondary pte and there's only a secondary tlb because the GRU secondary MMU has no knowledge about sptes and every secondary tlb miss event in the MMU always generates a page fault that has to be resolved by the CPU (this is not the case of KVM where the a secondary tlb miss will walk sptes in hardware and it will refill the secondary tlb transparently to software if the corresponding spte is present). The same way zap_page_range has to invalidate the pte before freeing the page, the spte (and secondary tlb) must also be invalidated before any page is freed and reused. Currently we take a page_count pin on every page mapped by sptes, but that means the pages can't be swapped whenever they're mapped by any spte because they're part of the guest working set. Furthermore a spte unmap event can immediately lead to a page to be freed when the pin is released (so requiring the same complex and relatively slow tlb_gather smp safe logic we have in zap_page_range and that can be avoided completely if the spte unmap event doesn't require an unpin of the page previously mapped in the secondary MMU). The mmu notifiers allow kvm/GRU/XPMEM to attach to the tsk->mm and know when the VM is swapping or freeing or doing anything on the primary MMU so that the secondary MMU code can drop sptes before the pages are freed, avoiding all page pinning and allowing 100% reliable swapping of guest physical address space. Furthermore it avoids the code that teardown the mappings of the secondary MMU, to implement a logic like tlb_gather in zap_page_range that would require many IPI to flush other cpu tlbs, for each fixed number of spte unmapped. To make an example: if what happens on the primary MMU is a protection downgrade (from writeable to wrprotect) the secondary MMU mappings will be invalidated, and the next secondary-mmu-page-fault will call get_user_pages and trigger a do_wp_page through get_user_pages if it called get_user_pages with write=1, and it'll re-establishing an updated spte or secondary-tlb-mapping on the copied page. Or it will setup a readonly spte or readonly tlb mapping if it's a guest-read, if it calls get_user_pages with write=0. This is just an example. This allows to map any page pointed by any pte (and in turn visible in the primary CPU MMU), into a secondary MMU (be it a pure tlb like GRU, or an full MMU with both sptes and secondary-tlb like the shadow-pagetable layer with kvm), or a remote DMA in software like XPMEM (hence needing of schedule in XPMEM code to send the invalidate to the remote node, while no need to schedule in kvm/gru as it's an immediate event like invalidating primary-mmu pte). At least for KVM without this patch it's impossible to swap guests reliably. And having this feature and removing the page pin allows several other optimizations that simplify life considerably. Dependencies: 1) mm_take_all_locks() to register the mmu notifier when the whole VM isn't doing anything with "mm". This allows mmu notifier users to keep track if the VM is in the middle of the invalidate_range_begin/end critical section with an atomic counter incraese in range_begin and decreased in range_end. No secondary MMU page fault is allowed to map any spte or secondary tlb reference, while the VM is in the middle of range_begin/end as any page returned by get_user_pages in that critical section could later immediately be freed without any further ->invalidate_page notification (invalidate_range_begin/end works on ranges and ->invalidate_page isn't called immediately before freeing the page). To stop all page freeing and pagetable overwrites the mmap_sem must be taken in write mode and all other anon_vma/i_mmap locks must be taken too. 2) It'd be a waste to add branches in the VM if nobody could possibly run KVM/GRU/XPMEM on the kernel, so mmu notifiers will only enabled if CONFIG_KVM=m/y. In the current kernel kvm won't yet take advantage of mmu notifiers, but this already allows to compile a KVM external module against a kernel with mmu notifiers enabled and from the next pull from kvm.git we'll start using them. And GRU/XPMEM will also be able to continue the development by enabling KVM=m in their config, until they submit all GRU/XPMEM GPLv2 code to the mainline kernel. Then they can also enable MMU_NOTIFIERS in the same way KVM does it (even if KVM=n). This guarantees nobody selects MMU_NOTIFIER=y if KVM and GRU and XPMEM are all =n. The mmu_notifier_register call can fail because mm_take_all_locks may be interrupted by a signal and return -EINTR. Because mmu_notifier_reigster is used when a driver startup, a failure can be gracefully handled. Here an example of the change applied to kvm to register the mmu notifiers. Usually when a driver startups other allocations are required anyway and -ENOMEM failure paths exists already. struct kvm *kvm_arch_create_vm(void) { struct kvm *kvm = kzalloc(sizeof(struct kvm), GFP_KERNEL); + int err; if (!kvm) return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM); INIT_LIST_HEAD(&kvm->arch.active_mmu_pages); + kvm->arch.mmu_notifier.ops = &kvm_mmu_notifier_ops; + err = mmu_notifier_register(&kvm->arch.mmu_notifier, current->mm); + if (err) { + kfree(kvm); + return ERR_PTR(err); + } + return kvm; } mmu_notifier_unregister returns void and it's reliable. The patch also adds a few needed but missing includes that would prevent kernel to compile after these changes on non-x86 archs (x86 didn't need them by luck). [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix mm/filemap_xip.c build] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix mm/mmu_notifier.c build] Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <andrea@qumranet.com> Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Jack Steiner <steiner@sgi.com> Cc: Robin Holt <holt@sgi.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Kanoj Sarcar <kanojsarcar@yahoo.com> Cc: Roland Dreier <rdreier@cisco.com> Cc: Steve Wise <swise@opengridcomputing.com> Cc: Avi Kivity <avi@qumranet.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Cc: Anthony Liguori <aliguori@us.ibm.com> Cc: Chris Wright <chrisw@redhat.com> Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <marcelo@kvack.org> Cc: Eric Dumazet <dada1@cosmosbay.com> Cc: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@us.ibm.com> Cc: Izik Eidus <izike@qumranet.com> Cc: Anthony Liguori <aliguori@us.ibm.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-03-20mm: fix various kernel-doc commentsRandy Dunlap1-1/+1
Fix various kernel-doc notation in mm/: filemap.c: add function short description; convert 2 to kernel-doc fremap.c: change parameter 'prot' to @prot pagewalk.c: change "-" in function parameters to ":" slab.c: fix short description of kmem_ptr_validate() swap.c: fix description & parameters of put_pages_list() swap_state.c: fix function parameters vmalloc.c: change "@returns" to "Returns:" since that is not a parameter Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-02-05sys_remap_file_pages: fix ->vm_file accountingOleg Nesterov1-1/+4
Fix ->vm_file accounting, mmap_region() may do do_munmap(). Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@tv-sign.ru> Signed-off-by: Miklos Szeredi <mszeredi@suse.cz> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-10-17remap_file_pages: kernel-doc correctionsRandy Dunlap1-11/+13
Fix kernel-doc for sys_remap_file_pages() and add info to the 'prot' NOTE. Rename __prot parameter to prot. Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com> Acked-by: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-10-17Drop some headers from mm.hAlexey Dobriyan1-1/+1
mm.h doesn't use directly anything from mutex.h and backing-dev.h, so remove them and add them back to files which need them. Cross-compile tested on many configs and archs. Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-10-08fix VM_CAN_NONLINEAR check in sys_remap_file_pagesYan Zheng1-1/+1
The test for VM_CAN_NONLINEAR always fails Signed-off-by: Yan Zheng<yanzheng@21cn.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-19only allow nonlinear vmas for ram backed filesystemsMiklos Szeredi1-0/+19
page_mkclean() doesn't re-protect ptes for non-linear mappings, so a later re-dirty through such a mapping will not generate a fault, PG_dirty will not reflect the dirty state and the dirty count will be skewed. This implies that msync() is also currently broken for nonlinear mappings. The easiest solution is to emulate remap_file_pages on non-linear mappings with simple mmap() for non ram-backed filesystems. Applications continue to work (albeit slower), as long as the number of remappings remain below the maximum vma count. However all currently known real uses of non-linear mappings are for ram backed filesystems, which this patch doesn't affect. Signed-off-by: Miklos Szeredi <mszeredi@suse.cz> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: William Lee Irwin III <wli@holomorphy.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-19mm: fault feedback #1Nick Piggin1-69/+16
Change ->fault prototype. We now return an int, which contains VM_FAULT_xxx code in the low byte, and FAULT_RET_xxx code in the next byte. FAULT_RET_ code tells the VM whether a page was found, whether it has been locked, and potentially other things. This is not quite the way he wanted it yet, but that's changed in the next patch (which requires changes to arch code). This means we no longer set VM_CAN_INVALIDATE in the vma in order to say that a page is locked which requires filemap_nopage to go away (because we can no longer remain backward compatible without that flag), but we were going to do that anyway. struct fault_data is renamed to struct vm_fault as Linus asked. address is now a void __user * that we should firmly encourage drivers not to use without really good reason. The page is now returned via a page pointer in the vm_fault struct. Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-07-19mm: merge populate and nopage into fault (fixes nonlinear)Nick Piggin1-31/+72
Nonlinear mappings are (AFAIKS) simply a virtual memory concept that encodes the virtual address -> file offset differently from linear mappings. ->populate is a layering violation because the filesystem/pagecache code should need to know anything about the virtual memory mapping. The hitch here is that the ->nopage handler didn't pass down enough information (ie. pgoff). But it is more logical to pass pgoff rather than have the ->nopage function calculate it itself anyway (because that's a similar layering violation). Having the populate handler install the pte itself is likewise a nasty thing to be doing. This patch introduces a new fault handler that replaces ->nopage and ->populate and (later) ->nopfn. Most of the old mechanism is still in place so there is a lot of duplication and nice cleanups that can be removed if everyone switches over. The rationale for doing this in the first place is that nonlinear mappings are subject to the pagefault vs invalidate/truncate race too, and it seemed stupid to duplicate the synchronisation logic rather than just consolidate the two. After this patch, MAP_NONBLOCK no longer sets up ptes for pages present in pagecache. Seems like a fringe functionality anyway. NOPAGE_REFAULT is removed. This should be implemented with ->fault, and no users have hit mainline yet. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: cleanup] [randy.dunlap@oracle.com: doc. fixes for readahead] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: build fix] Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com> Cc: Mark Fasheh <mark.fasheh@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2006-12-22[PATCH] mm: more rmap debuggingNick Piggin1-1/+1
Add more debugging in the rmap code in an attempt to locate to source of the occasional "mapcount went negative" assertions. Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-12-07[PATCH] kill install_file_pte's pte_valHugh Dickins1-2/+0
David Binderman and his Intel C compiler rightly observe that install_file_pte no longer has any use for its pte_val. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Cc: d binderman <dcb314@hotmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-10-01[PATCH] paravirt: pte clear not presentZachary Amsden1-1/+1
Change pte_clear_full to a more appropriately named pte_clear_not_present, allowing optimizations when not-present mapping changes need not be reflected in the hardware TLB for protected page table modes. There is also another case that can use it in the fremap code. Signed-off-by: Zachary Amsden <zach@vmware.com> Signed-off-by: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@xensource.com> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-09-26[PATCH] mm: small cleanup of install_page()Peter Zijlstra1-2/+2
Smallish cleanup to install_page(), could save a memory read (haven't checked the asm output) and sure looks nicer. Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-06-23[PATCH] fix update_mmu_cache in fremap.cHugh Dickins1-1/+8
There are two calls to update_mmu_cache in fremap.c, both defective. The one in install_page needs to be accompanied by lazy_mmu_prot_update (some other cleanup time, move that into ia64 update_mmu_cache itself); and the one in install_file_pte should be removed since the pte is not present. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-11-29VM: add common helper function to create the page tablesLinus Torvalds1-22/+2
This logic was duplicated four times, for no good reason. Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-11-28mm: re-architect the VM_UNPAGED logicLinus Torvalds1-15/+7
This replaces the (in my opinion horrible) VM_UNMAPPED logic with very explicit support for a "remapped page range" aka VM_PFNMAP. It allows a VM area to contain an arbitrary range of page table entries that the VM never touches, and never considers to be normal pages. Any user of "remap_pfn_range()" automatically gets this new functionality, and doesn't even have to mark the pages reserved or indeed mark them any other way. It just works. As a side effect, doing mmap() on /dev/mem works for arbitrary ranges. Sparc update from David in the next commit. Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-11-22[PATCH] unpaged: VM_NONLINEAR VM_RESERVEDHugh Dickins1-4/+2
There's one peculiar use of VM_RESERVED which the previous patch left behind: because VM_NONLINEAR's try_to_unmap_cluster uses vm_private_data as a swapout cursor, but should never meet VM_RESERVED vmas, it was a way of extending VM_NONLINEAR to VM_RESERVED vmas using vm_private_data for some other purpose. But that's an empty set - they don't have the populate function required. So just throw away those VM_RESERVED tests. But one more interesting in rmap.c has to go too: try_to_unmap_one will want to swap out an anonymous page from VM_RESERVED or VM_UNPAGED area. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-11-22[PATCH] unpaged: VM_UNPAGEDHugh Dickins1-2/+2
Although we tend to associate VM_RESERVED with remap_pfn_range, quite a few drivers set VM_RESERVED on areas which are then populated by nopage. The PageReserved removal in 2.6.15-rc1 changed VM_RESERVED not to free pages in zap_pte_range, without changing those drivers not to set it: so their pages just leak away. Let's not change miscellaneous drivers now: introduce VM_UNPAGED at the core, to flag the special areas where the ptes may have no struct page, or if they have then it's not to be touched. Replace most instances of VM_RESERVED in core mm by VM_UNPAGED. Force it on in remap_pfn_range, and the sparc and sparc64 io_remap_pfn_range. Revert addition of VM_RESERVED to powerpc vdso, it's not needed there. Is it needed anywhere? It still governs the mm->reserved_vm statistic, and special vmas not to be merged, and areas not to be core dumped; but could probably be eliminated later (the drivers are probably specifying it because in 2.4 it kept swapout off the vma, but in 2.6 we work from the LRU, which these pages don't get on). Use the VM_SHM slot for VM_UNPAGED, and define VM_SHM to 0: it serves no purpose whatsoever, and should be removed from drivers when we clean up. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Acked-by: William Irwin <wli@holomorphy.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-10-30[PATCH] mm: ptd_alloc take ptlockHugh Dickins1-30/+18
Second step in pushing down the page_table_lock. Remove the temporary bridging hack from __pud_alloc, __pmd_alloc, __pte_alloc: expect callers not to hold page_table_lock, whether it's on init_mm or a user mm; take page_table_lock internally to check if a racing task already allocated. Convert their callers from common code. But avoid coming back to change them again later: instead of moving the spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock) down, switch over to new macros pte_alloc_map_lock and pte_unmap_unlock, which encapsulate the mapping+locking and unlocking+unmapping together, and in the end may use alternatives to the mm page_table_lock itself. These callers all hold mmap_sem (some exclusively, some not), so at no level can a page table be whipped away from beneath them; and pte_alloc uses the "atomic" pmd_present to test whether it needs to allocate. It appears that on all arches we can safely descend without page_table_lock. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-10-30[PATCH] mm: update_hiwaters just in timeHugh Dickins1-1/+3
update_mem_hiwater has attracted various criticisms, in particular from those concerned with mm scalability. Originally it was called whenever rss or total_vm got raised. Then many of those callsites were replaced by a timer tick call from account_system_time. Now Frank van Maarseveen reports that to be found inadequate. How about this? Works for Frank. Replace update_mem_hiwater, a poor combination of two unrelated ops, by macros update_hiwater_rss and update_hiwater_vm. Don't attempt to keep mm->hiwater_rss up to date at timer tick, nor every time we raise rss (usually by 1): those are hot paths. Do the opposite, update only when about to lower rss (usually by many), or just before final accounting in do_exit. Handle mm->hiwater_vm in the same way, though it's much less of an issue. Demand that whoever collects these hiwater statistics do the work of taking the maximum with rss or total_vm. And there has been no collector of these hiwater statistics in the tree. The new convention needs an example, so match Frank's usage by adding a VmPeak line above VmSize to /proc/<pid>/status, and also a VmHWM line above VmRSS (High-Water-Mark or High-Water-Memory). There was a particular anomaly during mremap move, that hiwater_vm might be captured too high. A fleeting such anomaly remains, but it's quickly corrected now, whereas before it would stick. What locking? None: if the app is racy then these statistics will be racy, it's not worth any overhead to make them exact. But whenever it suits, hiwater_vm is updated under exclusive mmap_sem, and hiwater_rss under page_table_lock (for now) or with preemption disabled (later on): without going to any trouble, minimize the time between reading current values and updating, to minimize those occasions when a racing thread bumps a count up and back down in between. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-10-30[PATCH] mm: zap_pte out of lineHugh Dickins1-10/+9
There used to be just one call to zap_pte, but it shouldn't be inline now there are two. Check for the common case pte_none before calling, and move its rss accounting up into install_page or install_file_pte - which helps the next patch. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-10-30[PATCH] core remove PageReservedNick Piggin1-9/+14
Remove PageReserved() calls from core code by tightening VM_RESERVED handling in mm/ to cover PageReserved functionality. PageReserved special casing is removed from get_page and put_page. All setting and clearing of PageReserved is retained, and it is now flagged in the page_alloc checks to help ensure we don't introduce any refcount based freeing of Reserved pages. MAP_PRIVATE, PROT_WRITE of VM_RESERVED regions is tentatively being deprecated. We never completely handled it correctly anyway, and is be reintroduced in future if required (Hugh has a proof of concept). Once PageReserved() calls are removed from kernel/power/swsusp.c, and all arch/ and driver code, the Set and Clear calls, and the PG_reserved bit can be trivially removed. Last real user of PageReserved is swsusp, which uses PageReserved to determine whether a struct page points to valid memory or not. This still needs to be addressed (a generic page_is_ram() should work). A last caveat: the ZERO_PAGE is now refcounted and managed with rmap (and thus mapcounted and count towards shared rss). These writes to the struct page could cause excessive cacheline bouncing on big systems. There are a number of ways this could be addressed if it is an issue. Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Refcount bug fix for filemap_xip.c Signed-off-by: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-10-30[PATCH] mm: rss = file_rss + anon_rssHugh Dickins1-2/+2
I was lazy when we added anon_rss, and chose to change as few places as possible. So currently each anonymous page has to be counted twice, in rss and in anon_rss. Which won't be so good if those are atomic counts in some configurations. Change that around: keep file_rss and anon_rss separately, and add them together (with get_mm_rss macro) when the total is needed - reading two atomics is much cheaper than updating two atomics. And update anon_rss upfront, typically in memory.c, not tucked away in page_add_anon_rmap. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-10-11[PATCH] Don't map the same page too muchHugh Dickins1-0/+3
Refuse to install a page into a mapping if the mapping count is already ridiculously large. You probably cannot trigger this on 32-bit architectures, but on a 64-bit setup we should protect against it. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-04-16Linux-2.6.12-rc2v2.6.12-rc2Linus Torvalds1-0/+256
Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history, even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about 3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good infrastructure for it. Let it rip!

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