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2011-07-25mm: extend memory hotplug API to allow memory hotplug in virtual machinesDaniel Kiper1-3/+65
This patch contains online_page_callback and apropriate functions for registering/unregistering online page callbacks. It allows to do some machine specific tasks during online page stage which is required to implement memory hotplug in virtual machines. Currently this patch is required by latest memory hotplug support for Xen balloon driver patch which will be posted soon. Additionally, originial online_page() function was splited into following functions doing "atomic" operations: - __online_page_set_limits() - set new limits for memory management code, - __online_page_increment_counters() - increment totalram_pages and totalhigh_pages, - __online_page_free() - free page to allocator. It was done to: - not duplicate existing code, - ease hotplug code devolpment by usage of well defined interface, - avoid stupid bugs which are unavoidable when the same code (by design) is developed in many places. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: use explicit indirect-call syntax] Signed-off-by: Daniel Kiper <dkiper@net-space.pl> Reviewed-by: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com> Cc: Ian Campbell <ian.campbell@citrix.com> Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-06-22mm, hotplug: protect zonelist building with zonelists_mutexDavid Rientjes1-0/+2
Commit 959ecc48fc75 ("mm/memory_hotplug.c: fix building of node hotplug zonelist") does not protect the build_all_zonelists() call with zonelists_mutex as needed. This can lead to races in constructing zonelist ordering if a concurrent build is underway. Protecting this with lock_memory_hotplug() is insufficient since zonelists can be rebuild though sysfs as well. Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-06-22mm, hotplug: fix error handling in mem_online_node()David Rientjes1-1/+1
The error handling in mem_online_node() is incorrect: hotadd_new_pgdat() returns NULL if the new pgdat could not have been allocated and a pointer to it otherwise. mem_online_node() should fail if hotadd_new_pgdat() fails, not the inverse. This fixes an issue when memoryless nodes are not onlined and their sysfs interface is not registered when their first cpu is brought up. The bug was introduced by commit cf23422b9d76 ("cpu/mem hotplug: enable CPUs online before local memory online") iow v2.6.35. Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: stable@kernel.org Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-06-15mm/memory_hotplug.c: fix building of node hotplug zonelistKAMEZAWA Hiroyuki1-0/+6
During memory hotplug we refresh zonelists when we online a page in a new zone. It means that the node's zonelist is not initialized until pages are onlined. So for example, "nid" passed by MEM_GOING_ONLINE notifier will point to NODE_DATA(nid) which has no zone fallback list. Moreover, if we hot-add cpu-only nodes, alloc_pages() will do no fallback. This patch makes a zonelist when a new pgdata is available. Note: in production, at fujitsu, memory should be onlined before cpu and our server didn't have any memory-less nodes and had no problems. But recent changes in MEM_GOING_ONLINE+page_cgroup will access not initialized zonelist of node. Anyway, there are memory-less node and we need some care. Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-05-25mm: remove dependency on CONFIG_FLATMEM from online_page()Daniel Kiper1-4/+0
online_pages() is only compiled for CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG_SPARSE, so there is no need to support CONFIG_FLATMEM code within it. This patch removes code that is never used. Signed-off-by: Daniel Kiper <dkiper@net-space.pl> Acked-by: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-05-25mem-hotplug: call isolate_lru_page with elevated refcountKonstantin Khlebnikov1-1/+3
isolate_lru_page() must be called only with stable reference to page. So, let's grab normal page reference. Signed-off-by: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@openvz.org> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-05-25mm, mem-hotplug: recalculate lowmem_reserve when memory hotplug occursKOSAKI Motohiro1-4/+5
Currently, memory hotplug calls setup_per_zone_wmarks() and calculate_zone_inactive_ratio(), but doesn't call setup_per_zone_lowmem_reserve(). It means the number of reserved pages aren't updated even if memory hot plug occur. This patch fixes it. Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-05-25mm, mem-hotplug: fix section mismatch. setup_per_zone_inactive_ratio() ↵KOSAKI Motohiro1-2/+2
should be __meminit. Commit bce7394a3e ("page-allocator: reset wmark_min and inactive ratio of zone when hotplug happens") introduced invalid section references. Now, setup_per_zone_inactive_ratio() is marked __init and then it can't be referenced from memory hotplug code. This patch marks it as __meminit and also marks caller as __ref. Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Cc: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-04-14mm: optimize pfn calculation in online_page()Daniel Kiper1-1/+1
If CONFIG_FLATMEM is enabled pfn is calculated in online_page() more than once. It is possible to optimize that and use value established at beginning of that function. Signed-off-by: Daniel Kiper <dkiper@net-space.pl> Acked-by: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Reviewed-by: Jesper Juhl <jj@chaosbits.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-03-31Fix common misspellingsLucas De Marchi1-1/+1
Fixes generated by 'codespell' and manually reviewed. Signed-off-by: Lucas De Marchi <lucas.demarchi@profusion.mobi>
2011-01-15Merge branch 'slub/hotplug' into slab/urgentPekka Enberg1-0/+4
2011-01-13thp: remove PG_buddyAndrea Arcangeli1-6/+8
PG_buddy can be converted to _mapcount == -2. So the PG_compound_lock can be added to page->flags without overflowing (because of the sparse section bits increasing) with CONFIG_X86_PAE=y and CONFIG_X86_PAT=y. This also has to move the memory hotplug code from _mapcount to lru.next to avoid any risk of clashes. We can't use lru.next for PG_buddy removal, but memory hotplug can use lru.next even more easily than the mapcount instead. Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-01-13mm: migration: cleanup migrate_pages API by matching types for offlining and ↵Mel Gorman1-1/+1
sync With the introduction of the boolean sync parameter, the API looks a little inconsistent as offlining is still an int. Convert offlining to a bool for the sake of being tidy. Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-01-13mm: migration: allow migration to operate asynchronously and avoid ↵Mel Gorman1-1/+2
synchronous compaction in the faster path Migration synchronously waits for writeback if the initial passes fails. Callers of memory compaction do not necessarily want this behaviour if the caller is latency sensitive or expects that synchronous migration is not going to have a significantly better success rate. This patch adds a sync parameter to migrate_pages() allowing the caller to indicate if wait_on_page_writeback() is allowed within migration or not. For reclaim/compaction, try_to_compact_pages() is first called asynchronously, direct reclaim runs and then try_to_compact_pages() is called synchronously as there is a greater expectation that it'll succeed. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: build/merge fix] Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-01-11memory hotplug: one more lock on memory hotplugKAMEZAWA Hiroyuki1-0/+4
Now, memory_hotplug_(un)lock() is used for add/remove/offline pages for avoiding races with hibernation. But this should be held in online_pages(), too. It seems asymmetric. There are cases where one has to avoid a race with memory hotplug notifier and his own local code, and hotplug v.s. hotplug. This will add a generic solution for avoiding races. In other view, having lock here has no big impacts. online pages is tend to be done by udev script at el against each memory section one by one. Then, it's better to have lock here, too. Cc: <stable@kernel.org> # 2.6.37 Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
2010-12-02mem-hotplug: introduce {un}lock_memory_hotplug()KOSAKI Motohiro1-7/+24
Presently hwpoison is using lock_system_sleep() to prevent a race with memory hotplug. However lock_system_sleep() is a no-op if CONFIG_HIBERNATION=n. Therefore we need a new lock. Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Suggested-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-10-26mm: do_migrate_range: reduce list_empty() checkBob Liu1-12/+9
Simple code for reducing list_empty(&source) check. Signed-off-by: Bob Liu <lliubbo@gmail.com> Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-10-26mm: do_migrate_range: exit loop if not_managed is trueBob Liu1-4/+6
If not_managed is true all pages will be putback to lru, so break the loop earlier to skip other pages isolate. Signed-off-by: Bob Liu <lliubbo@gmail.com> Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-10-26mm/memory_hotplug.c: make scan_lru_pages() staticAndrew Morton1-1/+1
Reported-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-10-26memory hotplug: unify is_removable and offline detection codeKAMEZAWA Hiroyuki1-15/+2
Now, sysfs interface of memory hotplug shows whether the section is removable or not. But it checks only migrateype of pages and doesn't check details of cluster of pages. Next, memory hotplug's set_migratetype_isolate() has the same kind of check, too. This patch adds the function __count_unmovable_pages() and makes above 2 checks to use the same logic. Then, is_removable and hotremove code uses the same logic. No changes in the hotremove logic itself. TODO: need to find a way to check RECLAMABLE. But, considering bit, calling shrink_slab() against a range before starting memory hotremove sounds better. If so, this patch's logic doesn't need to be changed. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Reported-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-10-26mm: compaction: fix COMPACTPAGEFAILED countingMinchan Kim1-0/+2
Presently update_nr_listpages() doesn't have a role. That's because lists passed is always empty just after calling migrate_pages. The migrate_pages cleans up page list which have failed to migrate before returning by aaa994b3. [PATCH] page migration: handle freeing of pages in migrate_pages() Do not leave pages on the lists passed to migrate_pages(). Seems that we will not need any postprocessing of pages. This will simplify the handling of pages by the callers of migrate_pages(). At that time, we thought we don't need any postprocessing of pages. But the situation is changed. The compaction need to know the number of failed to migrate for COMPACTPAGEFAILED stat This patch makes new rule for caller of migrate_pages to call putback_lru_pages. So caller need to clean up the lists so it has a chance to postprocess the pages. [suggested by Christoph Lameter] Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Reviewed-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Reviewed-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-10-26mm: fix return value of scan_lru_pages in memory unplugKAMEZAWA Hiroyuki1-1/+1
scan_lru_pages returns pfn. So, it's type should be "unsigned long" not "int". Note: I guess this has been work until now because memory hotplug tester's machine has not very big memory.... physical address < 32bit << PAGE_SHIFT. Reported-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-10-19memory_hotplug: drop spurious calls to flush_scheduled_work()Tejun Heo1-2/+0
lru_add_drain_all() uses schedule_on_each_cpu() which is synchronous. There is no reason to call flush_scheduled_work() after lru_add_drain_all(). Drop the spurious calls. This is to prepare for the deprecation and removal of flush_scheduled_work(). Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
2010-09-09memory hotplug: fix next block calculation in is_removableKAMEZAWA Hiroyuki1-8/+8
next_active_pageblock() is for finding next _used_ freeblock. It skips several blocks when it finds there are a chunk of free pages lager than pageblock. But it has 2 bugs. 1. We have no lock. page_order(page) - pageblock_order can be minus. 2. pageblocks_stride += is wrong. it should skip page_order(p) of pages. Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-05-25mem-hotplug: fix potential race while building zonelist for new populated zoneHaicheng Li1-8/+3
Add global mutex zonelists_mutex to fix the possible race: CPU0 CPU1 CPU2 (1) zone->present_pages += online_pages; (2) build_all_zonelists(); (3) alloc_page(); (4) free_page(); (5) build_all_zonelists(); (6) __build_all_zonelists(); (7) zone->pageset = alloc_percpu(); In step (3,4), zone->pageset still points to boot_pageset, so bad things may happen if 2+ nodes are in this state. Even if only 1 node is accessing the boot_pageset, (3) may still consume too much memory to fail the memory allocations in step (7). Besides, atomic operation ensures alloc_percpu() in step (7) will never fail since there is a new fresh memory block added in step(6). [haicheng.li@linux.intel.com: hold zonelists_mutex when build_all_zonelists] Signed-off-by: Haicheng Li <haicheng.li@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <andi.kleen@intel.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-05-25mem-hotplug: avoid multiple zones sharing same boot strapping boot_pagesetHaicheng Li1-5/+13
For each new populated zone of hotadded node, need to update its pagesets with dynamically allocated per_cpu_pageset struct for all possible CPUs: 1) Detach zone->pageset from the shared boot_pageset at end of __build_all_zonelists(). 2) Use mutex to protect zone->pageset when it's still shared in onlined_pages() Otherwises, multiple zones of different nodes would share same boot strapping boot_pageset for same CPU, which will finally cause below kernel panic: ------------[ cut here ]------------ kernel BUG at mm/page_alloc.c:1239! invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] SMP ... Call Trace: [<ffffffff811300c1>] __alloc_pages_nodemask+0x131/0x7b0 [<ffffffff81162e67>] alloc_pages_current+0x87/0xd0 [<ffffffff81128407>] __page_cache_alloc+0x67/0x70 [<ffffffff811325f0>] __do_page_cache_readahead+0x120/0x260 [<ffffffff81132751>] ra_submit+0x21/0x30 [<ffffffff811329c6>] ondemand_readahead+0x166/0x2c0 [<ffffffff81132ba0>] page_cache_async_readahead+0x80/0xa0 [<ffffffff8112a0e4>] generic_file_aio_read+0x364/0x670 [<ffffffff81266cfa>] nfs_file_read+0xca/0x130 [<ffffffff8117b20a>] do_sync_read+0xfa/0x140 [<ffffffff8117bf75>] vfs_read+0xb5/0x1a0 [<ffffffff8117c151>] sys_read+0x51/0x80 [<ffffffff8103c032>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b RIP [<ffffffff8112ff13>] get_page_from_freelist+0x883/0x900 RSP <ffff88000d1e78a8> ---[ end trace 4bda28328b9990db ] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: merge fix] Signed-off-by: Haicheng Li <haicheng.li@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <andi.kleen@intel.com> Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-05-25cpu/mem hotplug: enable CPUs online before local memory onlineminskey guo1-0/+23
Enable users to online CPUs even if the CPUs belongs to a numa node which doesn't have onlined local memory. The zonlists(pg_data_t.node_zonelists[]) of a numa node are created either in system boot/init period, or at the time of local memory online. For a numa node without onlined local memory, its zonelists are not initialized at present. As a result, any memory allocation operations executed by CPUs within this node will fail. In fact, an out-of-memory error is triggered when attempt to online CPUs before memory comes to online. This patch tries to create zonelists for such numa nodes, so that the memory allocation for this node can be fallback'ed to other nodes. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove unneeded export] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: minskey guo<chaohong.guo@intel.com> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Cc: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-03-12mm: introduce dump_page() and print symbolic flag namesWu Fengguang1-3/+3
- introduce dump_page() to print the page info for debugging some error condition. - convert three mm users: bad_page(), print_bad_pte() and memory offline failure. - print an extra field: the symbolic names of page->flags Example dump_page() output: [ 157.521694] page:ffffea0000a7cba8 count:2 mapcount:1 mapping:ffff88001c901791 index:0x147 [ 157.525570] page flags: 0x100000000100068(uptodate|lru|active|swapbacked) Signed-off-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Alex Chiang <achiang@hp.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-03-06memory-hotplug: create /sys/firmware/memmap entry for new memoryakpm@linux-foundation.org1-0/+4
A memmap is a directory in sysfs which includes 3 text files: start, end and type. For example: start: 0x100000 end: 0x7e7b1cff type: System RAM Interface firmware_map_add was not called explicitly. Remove it and add function firmware_map_add_hotplug as hotplug interface of memmap. Each memory entry has a memmap in sysfs, When we hot-add new memory, sysfs does not export memmap entry for it. We add a call in function add_memory to function firmware_map_add_hotplug. Add a new function add_sysfs_fw_map_entry() to create memmap entry, it will be called when initialize memmap and hot-add memory. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: un-kernedoc a no longer kerneldoc comment] Signed-off-by: Shaohui Zheng <shaohui.zheng@intel.com> Acked-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com> Acked-by: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com> Reviewed-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <haveblue@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-12-15mm: fix section mismatch in memory_hotplug.cRakib Mullick1-1/+3
__free_pages_bootmem() is a __meminit function - which has been called from put_pages_bootmem thus causes a section mismatch warning. We were warned by the following warning: LD mm/built-in.o WARNING: mm/built-in.o(.text+0x26b22): Section mismatch in reference from the function put_page_bootmem() to the function .meminit.text:__free_pages_bootmem() The function put_page_bootmem() references the function __meminit __free_pages_bootmem(). This is often because put_page_bootmem lacks a __meminit annotation or the annotation of __free_pages_bootmem is wrong. Signed-off-by: Rakib Mullick <rakib.mullick@gmail.com> Cc: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-12-15mm: memory_hotplug: make offline_pages() staticAndrew Morton1-1/+1
It has no references outside memory_hotplug.c. Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@sisk.pl> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-12-15ksm: memory hotremove migration onlyHugh Dickins1-1/+1
The previous patch enables page migration of ksm pages, but that soon gets into trouble: not surprising, since we're using the ksm page lock to lock operations on its stable_node, but page migration switches the page whose lock is to be used for that. Another layer of locking would fix it, but do we need that yet? Do we actually need page migration of ksm pages? Yes, memory hotremove needs to offline sections of memory: and since we stopped allocating ksm pages with GFP_HIGHUSER, they will tend to be GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE candidates for migration. But KSM is currently unconscious of NUMA issues, happily merging pages from different NUMA nodes: at present the rule must be, not to use MADV_MERGEABLE where you care about NUMA. So no, NUMA page migration of ksm pages does not make sense yet. So, to complete support for ksm swapping we need to make hotremove safe. ksm_memory_callback() take ksm_thread_mutex when MEM_GOING_OFFLINE and release it when MEM_OFFLINE or MEM_CANCEL_OFFLINE. But if mapped pages are freed before migration reaches them, stable_nodes may be left still pointing to struct pages which have been removed from the system: the stable_node needs to identify a page by pfn rather than page pointer, then it can safely prune them when MEM_OFFLINE. And make NUMA migration skip PageKsm pages where it skips PageReserved. But it's only when we reach unmap_and_move() that the page lock is taken and we can be sure that raised pagecount has prevented a PageAnon from being upgraded: so add offlining arg to migrate_pages(), to migrate ksm page when offlining (has sufficient locking) but reject it otherwise. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Cc: Izik Eidus <ieidus@redhat.com> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Chris Wright <chrisw@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-12-15mm: clear node in N_HIGH_MEMORY and stop kswapd when all memory is offlinedDavid Rientjes1-0/+4
When memory is hot-removed, its node must be cleared in N_HIGH_MEMORY if there are no present pages left. In such a situation, kswapd must also be stopped since it has nothing left to do. Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com> Cc: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com> Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@canonical.com> Cc: Eric Whitney <eric.whitney@hp.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-12-15mm: move inc_zone_page_state(NR_ISOLATED) to just isolated placeKOSAKI Motohiro1-0/+4
Christoph pointed out inc_zone_page_state(NR_ISOLATED) should be placed in right after isolate_page(). This patch does it. Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-11-17mm: allow memory hotplug and hibernation in the same kernelAndi Kleen1-4/+17
Allow memory hotplug and hibernation in the same kernel Memory hotplug and hibernation were exclusive in Kconfig. This is obviously a problem for distribution kernels who want to support both in the same image. After some discussions with Rafael and others the only problem is with parallel memory hotadd or removal while a hibernation operation is in process. It was also working for s390 before. This patch removes the Kconfig level exclusion, and simply makes the memory add / remove functions grab the pm_mutex to exclude against hibernation. Fixes a regression - old kernels didn't exclude memory hotadd and hibernation. Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com> Cc: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-11-17mm/memory_hotplug: fix section mismatchHidetoshi Seto1-1/+2
With CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG I got following warning: WARNING: vmlinux.o(.text+0x1276b0): Section mismatch in reference from the function hotadd_new_pgdat() to the function .meminit.text:free_area_init_node() The function hotadd_new_pgdat() references the function __meminit free_area_init_node(). This is often because hotadd_new_pgdat lacks a __meminit annotation or the annotation of free_area_init_node is wrong. Use __ref to fix this. Signed-off-by: Hidetoshi Seto <seto.hidetoshi@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-09-23walk system ram rangeKAMEZAWA Hiroyuki1-3/+3
Originally, walk_memory_resource() was introduced to traverse all memory of "System RAM" for detecting memory hotplug/unplug range. For doing so, flags of IORESOUCE_MEM|IORESOURCE_BUSY was used and this was enough for memory hotplug. But for using other purpose, /proc/kcore, this may includes some firmware area marked as IORESOURCE_BUSY | IORESOUCE_MEM. This patch makes the check strict to find out busy "System RAM". Note: PPC64 keeps their own walk_memory_resouce(), which walk through ppc64's lmb informaton. Because old kclist_add() is called per lmb, this patch makes no difference in behavior, finally. And this patch removes CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG check from this function. Because pfn_valid() just show "there is memmap or not* and cannot be used for "there is physical memory or not", this function is useful in generic to scan physical memory range. Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: WANG Cong <xiyou.wangcong@gmail.com> Cc: Américo Wang <xiyou.wangcong@gmail.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Roland Dreier <rolandd@cisco.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-09-22memory hotplug: fix updating of num_physpages for hot plugged memoryJan Beulich1-2/+4
Sizing of memory allocations shouldn't depend on the number of physical pages found in a system, as that generally includes (perhaps a huge amount of) non-RAM pages. The amount of what actually is usable as storage should instead be used as a basis here. In line with that, the memory hotplug code should update num_physpages in a way that it retains its original (post-boot) meaning; in particular, decreasing the value should at best be done with great care - this patch doesn't try to ever decrease this value at all as it doesn't really seem meaningful to do so. Signed-off-by: Jan Beulich <jbeulich@novell.com> Acked-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Cc: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com> Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Dave Hansen <haveblue@us.ibm.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-09-22memory hotplug: update zone pcp at memory onlineShaohua Li1-0/+1
In my test, 128M memory is hot added, but zone's pcp batch is 0, which is an obvious error. When pages are onlined, zone pcp should be updated accordingly. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix warnings] Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li <shaohua.li@intel.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Yakui Zhao <yakui.zhao@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-06-16page-allocator: reset wmark_min and inactive ratio of zone when hotplug happensMinchan Kim1-0/+4
Solve two problems. Whenever memory hotplug sucessfully happens, zone->present_pages have to be changed. 1) Now memory hotplug calls setup_per_zone_wmark_min only when online_pages called, not offline_pages. It breaks balance. 2) If zone->present_pages is changed, we also have to change zone->inactive_ratio. That's because inactive_ratio depends on zone->present_pages. Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Acked-by: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-06-16page-allocator: clean up functions related to pages_minMinchan Kim1-1/+1
Change the names of two functions. It doesn't affect behavior. Presently, setup_per_zone_pages_min() changes low, high of zone as well as min. So a better name is setup_per_zone_wmarks(). That's because Mel changed zone->pages_[hig/low/min] to zone->watermark array in "page allocator: replace the watermark-related union in struct zone with a watermark[] array". * setup_per_zone_pages_min => setup_per_zone_wmarks Of course, we have to change init_per_zone_pages_min, too. There are not pages_min any more. * init_per_zone_pages_min => init_per_zone_wmark_min [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-01-06mm: remove GFP_HIGHUSER_PAGECACHEHugh Dickins1-6/+3
GFP_HIGHUSER_PAGECACHE is just an alias for GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE, making that harder to track down: remove it, and its out-of-work brothers GFP_NOFS_PAGECACHE and GFP_USER_PAGECACHE. Since we're making that improvement to hotremove_migrate_alloc(), I think we can now also remove one of the "o"s from its comment. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-01-06mm: show node to memory section relationship with symlinks in sysfsGary Hade1-5/+6
Show node to memory section relationship with symlinks in sysfs Add /sys/devices/system/node/nodeX/memoryY symlinks for all the memory sections located on nodeX. For example: /sys/devices/system/node/node1/memory135 -> ../../memory/memory135 indicates that memory section 135 resides on node1. Also revises documentation to cover this change as well as updating Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-devices-memory to include descriptions of memory hotremove files 'phys_device', 'phys_index', and 'state' that were previously not described there. In addition to it always being a good policy to provide users with the maximum possible amount of physical location information for resources that can be hot-added and/or hot-removed, the following are some (but likely not all) of the user benefits provided by this change. Immediate: - Provides information needed to determine the specific node on which a defective DIMM is located. This will reduce system downtime when the node or defective DIMM is swapped out. - Prevents unintended onlining of a memory section that was previously offlined due to a defective DIMM. This could happen during node hot-add when the user or node hot-add assist script onlines _all_ offlined sections due to user or script inability to identify the specific memory sections located on the hot-added node. The consequences of reintroducing the defective memory could be ugly. - Provides information needed to vary the amount and distribution of memory on specific nodes for testing or debugging purposes. Future: - Will provide information needed to identify the memory sections that need to be offlined prior to physical removal of a specific node. Symlink creation during boot was tested on 2-node x86_64, 2-node ppc64, and 2-node ia64 systems. Symlink creation during physical memory hot-add tested on a 2-node x86_64 system. Signed-off-by: Gary Hade <garyhade@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com> Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-11-30meminit section warningsAl Viro1-4/+5
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-11-19cpuset: update top cpuset's mems after adding a nodeMiao Xie1-3/+0
After adding a node into the machine, top cpuset's mems isn't updated. By reviewing the code, we found that the update function cpuset_track_online_nodes() was invoked after node_states[N_ONLINE] changes. It is wrong because N_ONLINE just means node has pgdat, and if node has/added memory, we use N_HIGH_MEMORY. So, We should invoke the update function after node_states[N_HIGH_MEMORY] changes, just like its commit says. This patch fixes it. And we use notifier of memory hotplug instead of direct calling of cpuset_track_online_nodes(). Signed-off-by: Miao Xie <miaox@cn.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Paul Menage <menage@google.com Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-20memory hotplug: release memory regions in PAGES_PER_SECTION chunksNathan Fontenot1-2/+2
During hotplug memory remove, memory regions should be released on a PAGES_PER_SECTION size chunks. This mirrors the code in add_memory where resources are requested on a PAGES_PER_SECTION size. Attempting to release the entire memory region fails because there is not a single resource for the total number of pages being removed. Instead the resources for the pages are split in PAGES_PER_SECTION size chunks as requested during memory add. Signed-off-by: Nathan Fontenot <nfont@austin.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com> Acked-by: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-20vmscan: move isolate_lru_page() to vmscan.cNick Piggin1-1/+2
On large memory systems, the VM can spend way too much time scanning through pages that it cannot (or should not) evict from memory. Not only does it use up CPU time, but it also provokes lock contention and can leave large systems under memory presure in a catatonic state. This patch series improves VM scalability by: 1) putting filesystem backed, swap backed and unevictable pages onto their own LRUs, so the system only scans the pages that it can/should evict from memory 2) switching to two handed clock replacement for the anonymous LRUs, so the number of pages that need to be scanned when the system starts swapping is bound to a reasonable number 3) keeping unevictable pages off the LRU completely, so the VM does not waste CPU time scanning them. ramfs, ramdisk, SHM_LOCKED shared memory segments and mlock()ed VMA pages are keept on the unevictable list. This patch: isolate_lru_page logically belongs to be in vmscan.c than migrate.c. It is tough, because we don't need that function without memory migration so there is a valid argument to have it in migrate.c. However a subsequent patch needs to make use of it in the core mm, so we can happily move it to vmscan.c. Also, make the function a little more generic by not requiring that it adds an isolated page to a given list. Callers can do that. Note that we now have '__isolate_lru_page()', that does something quite different, visible outside of vmscan.c for use with memory controller. Methinks we need to rationalize these names/purposes. --lts [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix mm/memory_hotplug.c build] Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-20mm: cleanup to make remove_memory() arch-neutralBadari Pulavarty1-1/+11
There is nothing architecture specific about remove_memory(). remove_memory() function is common for all architectures which support hotplug memory remove. Instead of duplicating it in every architecture, collapse them into arch neutral function. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix the export] Signed-off-by: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com> Cc: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Gary Hade <garyhade@us.ibm.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: "Luck, Tony" <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org> Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-07-24memory-hotplug: add sysfs removable attribute for hotplug memory removeBadari Pulavarty1-0/+60
Memory may be hot-removed on a per-memory-block basis, particularly on POWER where the SPARSEMEM section size often matches the memory-block size. A user-level agent must be able to identify which sections of memory are likely to be removable before attempting the potentially expensive operation. This patch adds a file called "removable" to the memory directory in sysfs to help such an agent. In this patch, a memory block is considered removable if; o It contains only MOVABLE pageblocks o It contains only pageblocks with free pages regardless of pageblock type On the other hand, a memory block starting with a PageReserved() page will never be considered removable. Without this patch, the user-agent is forced to choose a memory block to remove randomly. Sample output of the sysfs files: ./memory/memory0/removable: 0 ./memory/memory1/removable: 0 ./memory/memory2/removable: 0 ./memory/memory3/removable: 0 ./memory/memory4/removable: 0 ./memory/memory5/removable: 0 ./memory/memory6/removable: 0 ./memory/memory7/removable: 1 ./memory/memory8/removable: 0 ./memory/memory9/removable: 0 ./memory/memory10/removable: 0 ./memory/memory11/removable: 0 ./memory/memory12/removable: 0 ./memory/memory13/removable: 0 ./memory/memory14/removable: 0 ./memory/memory15/removable: 0 ./memory/memory16/removable: 0 ./memory/memory17/removable: 1 ./memory/memory18/removable: 1 ./memory/memory19/removable: 1 ./memory/memory20/removable: 1 ./memory/memory21/removable: 1 ./memory/memory22/removable: 1 Signed-off-by: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-07-24memory-hotplug: don't calculate vm_total_pages twice when rebuilding ↵Kent Liu1-1/+3
zonelists in online_pages() If zonelist is required to be rebuilt in online_pages(), there is no need to recalculate vm_total_pages in that function, as it has been updated in the call build_all_zonelists(). Signed-off-by: Kent Liu <kent.liu@linux.intel.com> Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

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