path: root/mm/page_io.c
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2010-08-07block: unify flags for struct bio and struct requestChristoph Hellwig1-1/+1
Remove the current bio flags and reuse the request flags for the bio, too. This allows to more easily trace the type of I/O from the filesystem down to the block driver. There were two flags in the bio that were missing in the requests: BIO_RW_UNPLUG and BIO_RW_AHEAD. Also I've renamed two request flags that had a superflous RW in them. Note that the flags are in bio.h despite having the REQ_ name - as blkdev.h includes bio.h that is the only way to go for now. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jaxboe@fusionio.com>
2010-03-30include cleanup: Update gfp.h and slab.h includes to prepare for breaking ↵Tejun Heo1-0/+1
implicit slab.h inclusion from percpu.h percpu.h is included by sched.h and module.h and thus ends up being included when building most .c files. percpu.h includes slab.h which in turn includes gfp.h making everything defined by the two files universally available and complicating inclusion dependencies. percpu.h -> slab.h dependency is about to be removed. Prepare for this change by updating users of gfp and slab facilities include those headers directly instead of assuming availability. As this conversion needs to touch large number of source files, the following script is used as the basis of conversion. http://userweb.kernel.org/~tj/misc/slabh-sweep.py The script does the followings. * Scan files for gfp and slab usages and update includes such that only the necessary includes are there. ie. if only gfp is used, gfp.h, if slab is used, slab.h. * When the script inserts a new include, it looks at the include blocks and try to put the new include such that its order conforms to its surrounding. It's put in the include block which contains core kernel includes, in the same order that the rest are ordered - alphabetical, Christmas tree, rev-Xmas-tree or at the end if there doesn't seem to be any matching order. * If the script can't find a place to put a new include (mostly because the file doesn't have fitting include block), it prints out an error message indicating which .h file needs to be added to the file. The conversion was done in the following steps. 1. The initial automatic conversion of all .c files updated slightly over 4000 files, deleting around 700 includes and adding ~480 gfp.h and ~3000 slab.h inclusions. The script emitted errors for ~400 files. 2. Each error was manually checked. Some didn't need the inclusion, some needed manual addition while adding it to implementation .h or embedding .c file was more appropriate for others. This step added inclusions to around 150 files. 3. The script was run again and the output was compared to the edits from #2 to make sure no file was left behind. 4. Several build tests were done and a couple of problems were fixed. e.g. lib/decompress_*.c used malloc/free() wrappers around slab APIs requiring slab.h to be added manually. 5. The script was run on all .h files but without automatically editing them as sprinkling gfp.h and slab.h inclusions around .h files could easily lead to inclusion dependency hell. Most gfp.h inclusion directives were ignored as stuff from gfp.h was usually wildly available and often used in preprocessor macros. Each slab.h inclusion directive was examined and added manually as necessary. 6. percpu.h was updated not to include slab.h. 7. Build test were done on the following configurations and failures were fixed. CONFIG_GCOV_KERNEL was turned off for all tests (as my distributed build env didn't work with gcov compiles) and a few more options had to be turned off depending on archs to make things build (like ipr on powerpc/64 which failed due to missing writeq). * x86 and x86_64 UP and SMP allmodconfig and a custom test config. * powerpc and powerpc64 SMP allmodconfig * sparc and sparc64 SMP allmodconfig * ia64 SMP allmodconfig * s390 SMP allmodconfig * alpha SMP allmodconfig * um on x86_64 SMP allmodconfig 8. percpu.h modifications were reverted so that it could be applied as a separate patch and serve as bisection point. Given the fact that I had only a couple of failures from tests on step 6, I'm fairly confident about the coverage of this conversion patch. If there is a breakage, it's likely to be something in one of the arch headers which should be easily discoverable easily on most builds of the specific arch. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Guess-its-ok-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
2009-12-15swap: rework map_swap_page() againLee Schermerhorn1-3/+1
Seems that page_io.c doesn't really need to know that page_private(page) is the swp_entry 'val'. Rework map_swap_page() to do what its name says and map a page to a page offset in the swap space. The only other caller of map_swap_page() is internal to mm/swapfile.c and it does want to map a swap entry to the 'sector'. So rename map_swap_page() to map_swap_entry(), make it 'static' and and implement map_swap_page() as a wrapper around that. Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-12-15swap_info: private to swapfile.cHugh Dickins1-12/+7
The swap_info_struct is mostly private to mm/swapfile.c, with only one other in-tree user: get_swap_bio(). Adjust its interface to map_swap_page(), so that we can then remove get_swap_info_struct(). But there is a popular user out-of-tree, TuxOnIce: so leave the declaration of swap_info_struct in linux/swap.h. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Cc: Nigel Cunningham <ncunningham@crca.org.au> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-06-17mm: remove file argument from swap_readpage()Minchan Kim1-1/+1
The file argument resulted from address_space's readpage long time ago. We don't use it any more. Let's remove unnecessary argement. Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh.dickins@tiscali.co.uk> Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-02-18block: fix bad definition of BIO_RW_SYNCJens Axboe1-1/+1
We can't OR shift values, so get rid of BIO_RW_SYNC and use BIO_RW_SYNCIO and BIO_RW_UNPLUG explicitly. This brings back the behaviour from before 213d9417fec62ef4c3675621b9364a667954d4dd. Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
2009-01-06mm: try_to_free_swap replaces remove_exclusive_swap_pageHugh Dickins1-1/+1
remove_exclusive_swap_page(): its problem is in living up to its name. It doesn't matter if someone else has a reference to the page (raised page_count); it doesn't matter if the page is mapped into userspace (raised page_mapcount - though that hints it may be worth keeping the swap): all that matters is that there be no more references to the swap (and no writeback in progress). swapoff (try_to_unuse) has been removing pages from swapcache for years, with no concern for page count or page mapcount, and we used to have a comment in lookup_swap_cache() recognizing that: if you go for a page of swapcache, you'll get the right page, but it could have been removed from swapcache by the time you get page lock. So, give up asking for exclusivity: get rid of remove_exclusive_swap_page(), and remove_exclusive_swap_page_ref() and remove_exclusive_swap_page_count() which were spawned for the recent LRU work: replace them by the simpler try_to_free_swap() which just checks page_swapcount(). Similarly, remove the page_count limitation from free_swap_and_count(), but assume that it's worth holding on to the swap if page is mapped and swap nowhere near full. Add a vm_swap_full() test in free_swap_cache()? It would be consistent, but I think we probably have enough for now. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Robin Holt <holt@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2009-01-06mm: replace some BUG_ONs by VM_BUG_ONsHugh Dickins1-2/+2
The swap code is over-provisioned with BUG_ONs on assorted page flags, mostly dating back to 2.3. They're good documentation, and guard against developer error, but a waste of space on most systems: change them to VM_BUG_ONs, conditional on CONFIG_DEBUG_VM. Just delete the PagePrivate ones: they're later, from 2.5.69, but even less interesting now. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-02-05mm: fix PageUptodate data raceNick Piggin1-1/+1
After running SetPageUptodate, preceeding stores to the page contents to actually bring it uptodate may not be ordered with the store to set the page uptodate. Therefore, another CPU which checks PageUptodate is true, then reads the page contents can get stale data. Fix this by having an smp_wmb before SetPageUptodate, and smp_rmb after PageUptodate. Many places that test PageUptodate, do so with the page locked, and this would be enough to ensure memory ordering in those places if SetPageUptodate were only called while the page is locked. Unfortunately that is not always the case for some filesystems, but it could be an idea for the future. Also bring the handling of anonymous page uptodateness in line with that of file backed page management, by marking anon pages as uptodate when they _are_ uptodate, rather than when our implementation requires that they be marked as such. Doing allows us to get rid of the smp_wmb's in the page copying functions, which were especially added for anonymous pages for an analogous memory ordering problem. Both file and anonymous pages are handled with the same barriers. FAQ: Q. Why not do this in flush_dcache_page? A. Firstly, flush_dcache_page handles only one side (the smb side) of the ordering protocol; we'd still need smp_rmb somewhere. Secondly, hiding away memory barriers in a completely unrelated function is nasty; at least in the PageUptodate macros, they are located together with (half) the operations involved in the ordering. Thirdly, the smp_wmb is only required when first bringing the page uptodate, wheras flush_dcache_page should be called each time it is written to through the kernel mapping. It is logically the wrong place to put it. Q. Why does this increase my text size / reduce my performance / etc. A. Because it is adding the necessary instructions to eliminate the data-race. Q. Can it be improved? A. Yes, eg. if you were to create a rule that all SetPageUptodate operations run under the page lock, we could avoid the smp_rmb places where PageUptodate is queried under the page lock. Requires audit of all filesystems and at least some would need reworking. That's great you're interested, I'm eagerly awaiting your patches. Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2007-10-10Drop 'size' argument from bio_endio and bi_end_ioNeilBrown1-10/+2
As bi_end_io is only called once when the reqeust is complete, the 'size' argument is now redundant. Remove it. Now there is no need for bio_endio to subtract the size completed from bi_size. So don't do that either. While we are at it, change bi_end_io to return void. Signed-off-by: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com>
2006-12-07[PATCH] swsusp: use block device offsets to identify swap locationsRafael J. Wysocki1-45/+0
Make swsusp use block device offsets instead of swap offsets to identify swap locations and make it use the same code paths for writing as well as for reading data. This allows us to use the same code for handling swap files and swap partitions and to simplify the code, eg. by dropping rw_swap_page_sync(). Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rjw@sisk.pl> Cc: Pavel Machek <pavel@ucw.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-09-26[PATCH] swsusp: read speedupAndrew Morton1-1/+1
Implement async reads for swsusp resuming. Crufty old PIII testbox: 15.7 MB/s -> 20.3 MB/s Sony Vaio: 14.6 MB/s -> 33.3 MB/s I didn't implement the post-resume bio_set_pages_dirty(). I don't really understand why resume needs to run set_page_dirty() against these pages. It might be a worry that this code modifies PG_Uptodate, PG_Error and PG_Locked against the image pages. Can this possibly affect the resumed-into kernel? Hopefully not, if we're atomically restoring its mem_map? Cc: Pavel Machek <pavel@ucw.cz> Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@sisk.pl> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@suse.de> Cc: Laurent Riffard <laurent.riffard@free.fr> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-09-26[PATCH] swsusp: write speedupAndrew Morton1-6/+19
Switch the swsusp writeout code from 4k-at-a-time to 4MB-at-a-time. Crufty old PIII testbox: 12.9 MB/s -> 20.9 MB/s Sony Vaio: 14.7 MB/s -> 26.5 MB/s The implementation is crude. A better one would use larger BIOs, but wouldn't gain any performance. The memcpys will be mostly pipelined with the IO and basically come for free. The ENOMEM path has not been tested. It should be. Cc: Pavel Machek <pavel@ucw.cz> Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@sisk.pl> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-09-26[PATCH] mm: swap write failure fixupPeter Zijlstra1-1/+20
Currently we can silently drop data if the write to swap failed. It usually doesn't result in data-corruption because on page-in the process will receive SIGBUS (assuming write-failure implies read-failure). This assumption might or might not be valid. This patch will avoid the page being discarded after a failed write. But will print a warning the sysadmin _should_ take to heart, if a lot of swap space becomes un-writeable, OOM is not far off. Tested by making the write fail 'randomly' once every 50 writes or so. [akpm@osdl.org: printk warning fix] Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-06-30[PATCH] Light weight event countersChristoph Lameter1-2/+2
The remaining counters in page_state after the zoned VM counter patches have been applied are all just for show in /proc/vmstat. They have no essential function for the VM. We use a simple increment of per cpu variables. In order to avoid the most severe races we disable preempt. Preempt does not prevent the race between an increment and an interrupt handler incrementing the same statistics counter. However, that race is exceedingly rare, we may only loose one increment or so and there is no requirement (at least not in kernel) that the vm event counters have to be accurate. In the non preempt case this results in a simple increment for each counter. For many architectures this will be reduced by the compiler to a single instruction. This single instruction is atomic for i386 and x86_64. And therefore even the rare race condition in an interrupt is avoided for both architectures in most cases. The patchset also adds an off switch for embedded systems that allows a building of linux kernels without these counters. The implementation of these counters is through inline code that hopefully results in only a single instruction increment instruction being emitted (i386, x86_64) or in the increment being hidden though instruction concurrency (EPIC architectures such as ia64 can get that done). Benefits: - VM event counter operations usually reduce to a single inline instruction on i386 and x86_64. - No interrupt disable, only preempt disable for the preempt case. Preempt disable can also be avoided by moving the counter into a spinlock. - Handling is similar to zoned VM counters. - Simple and easily extendable. - Can be omitted to reduce memory use for embedded use. References: RFC http://marc.theaimsgroup.com/?l=linux-kernel&m=113512330605497&w=2 RFC http://marc.theaimsgroup.com/?l=linux-kernel&m=114988082814934&w=2 local_t http://marc.theaimsgroup.com/?l=linux-kernel&m=114991748606690&w=2 V2 http://marc.theaimsgroup.com/?t=115014808400007&r=1&w=2 V3 http://marc.theaimsgroup.com/?l=linux-kernel&m=115024767022346&w=2 V4 http://marc.theaimsgroup.com/?l=linux-kernel&m=115047968808926&w=2 Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-10-30[PATCH] mm: split page table lockHugh Dickins1-2/+4
Christoph Lameter demonstrated very poor scalability on the SGI 512-way, with a many-threaded application which concurrently initializes different parts of a large anonymous area. This patch corrects that, by using a separate spinlock per page table page, to guard the page table entries in that page, instead of using the mm's single page_table_lock. (But even then, page_table_lock is still used to guard page table allocation, and anon_vma allocation.) In this implementation, the spinlock is tucked inside the struct page of the page table page: with a BUILD_BUG_ON in case it overflows - which it would in the case of 32-bit PA-RISC with spinlock debugging enabled. Splitting the lock is not quite for free: another cacheline access. Ideally, I suppose we would use split ptlock only for multi-threaded processes on multi-cpu machines; but deciding that dynamically would have its own costs. So for now enable it by config, at some number of cpus - since the Kconfig language doesn't support inequalities, let preprocessor compare that with NR_CPUS. But I don't think it's worth being user-configurable: for good testing of both split and unsplit configs, split now at 4 cpus, and perhaps change that to 8 later. There is a benefit even for singly threaded processes: kswapd can be attacking one part of the mm while another part is busy faulting. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-10-08[PATCH] gfp flags annotations - part 1Al Viro1-1/+1
- added typedef unsigned int __nocast gfp_t; - replaced __nocast uses for gfp flags with gfp_t - it gives exactly the same warnings as far as sparse is concerned, doesn't change generated code (from gcc point of view we replaced unsigned int with typedef) and documents what's going on far better. Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-06-25[PATCH] swsusp: kill config_pm_diskPavel Machek1-1/+1
CONFIG_PM_DISK is long gone, but it still managed to survived at few places. Signed-off-by: Pavel Machek <pavel@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-04-16Linux-2.6.12-rc2v2.6.12-rc2Linus Torvalds1-0/+160
Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history, even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about 3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good infrastructure for it. Let it rip!

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