aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/crypto/twofish.c
blob: dfcda231f87ad321f185dbb505f745d990d3e498 (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
/*
 * Twofish for CryptoAPI
 *
 * Originally Twofish for GPG
 * By Matthew Skala <mskala@ansuz.sooke.bc.ca>, July 26, 1998
 * 256-bit key length added March 20, 1999
 * Some modifications to reduce the text size by Werner Koch, April, 1998
 * Ported to the kerneli patch by Marc Mutz <Marc@Mutz.com>
 * Ported to CryptoAPI by Colin Slater <hoho@tacomeat.net>
 *
 * The original author has disclaimed all copyright interest in this
 * code and thus put it in the public domain. The subsequent authors 
 * have put this under the GNU General Public License.
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 * 
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307
 * USA
 *
 * This code is a "clean room" implementation, written from the paper
 * _Twofish: A 128-Bit Block Cipher_ by Bruce Schneier, John Kelsey,
 * Doug Whiting, David Wagner, Chris Hall, and Niels Ferguson, available
 * through http://www.counterpane.com/twofish.html
 *
 * For background information on multiplication in finite fields, used for
 * the matrix operations in the key schedule, see the book _Contemporary
 * Abstract Algebra_ by Joseph A. Gallian, especially chapter 22 in the
 * Third Edition.
 */

#include <asm/byteorder.h>
#include <crypto/twofish.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/crypto.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>

/* Macros to compute the g() function in the encryption and decryption
 * rounds.  G1 is the straight g() function; G2 includes the 8-bit
 * rotation for the high 32-bit word. */

#define G1(a) \
     (ctx->s[0][(a) & 0xFF]) ^ (ctx->s[1][((a) >> 8) & 0xFF]) \
   ^ (ctx->s[2][((a) >> 16) & 0xFF]) ^ (ctx->s[3][(a) >> 24])

#define G2(b) \
     (ctx->s[1][(b) & 0xFF]) ^ (ctx->s[2][((b) >> 8) & 0xFF]) \
   ^ (ctx->s[3][((b) >> 16) & 0xFF]) ^ (ctx->s[0][(b) >> 24])

/* Encryption and decryption Feistel rounds.  Each one calls the two g()
 * macros, does the PHT, and performs the XOR and the appropriate bit
 * rotations.  The parameters are the round number (used to select subkeys),
 * and the four 32-bit chunks of the text. */

#define ENCROUND(n, a, b, c, d) \
   x = G1 (a); y = G2 (b); \
   x += y; y += x + ctx->k[2 * (n) + 1]; \
   (c) ^= x + ctx->k[2 * (n)]; \
   (c) = ror32((c), 1); \
   (d) = rol32((d), 1) ^ y

#define DECROUND(n, a, b, c, d) \
   x = G1 (a); y = G2 (b); \
   x += y; y += x; \
   (d) ^= y + ctx->k[2 * (n) + 1]; \
   (d) = ror32((d), 1); \
   (c) = rol32((c), 1); \
   (c) ^= (x + ctx->k[2 * (n)])

/* Encryption and decryption cycles; each one is simply two Feistel rounds
 * with the 32-bit chunks re-ordered to simulate the "swap" */

#define ENCCYCLE(n) \
   ENCROUND (2 * (n), a, b, c, d); \
   ENCROUND (2 * (n) + 1, c, d, a, b)

#define DECCYCLE(n) \
   DECROUND (2 * (n) + 1, c, d, a, b); \
   DECROUND (2 * (n), a, b, c, d)

/* Macros to convert the input and output bytes into 32-bit words,
 * and simultaneously perform the whitening step.  INPACK packs word
 * number n into the variable named by x, using whitening subkey number m.
 * OUTUNPACK unpacks word number n from the variable named by x, using
 * whitening subkey number m. */

#define INPACK(n, x, m) \
   x = le32_to_cpu(src[n]) ^ ctx->w[m]

#define OUTUNPACK(n, x, m) \
   x ^= ctx->w[m]; \
   dst[n] = cpu_to_le32(x)



/* Encrypt one block.  in and out may be the same. */
static void twofish_encrypt(struct crypto_tfm *tfm, u8 *out, const u8 *in)
{
	struct twofish_ctx *ctx = crypto_tfm_ctx(tfm);
	const __le32 *src = (const __le32 *)in;
	__le32 *dst = (__le32 *)out;

	/* The four 32-bit chunks of the text. */
	u32 a, b, c, d;
	
	/* Temporaries used by the round function. */
	u32 x, y;

	/* Input whitening and packing. */
	INPACK (0, a, 0);
	INPACK (1, b, 1);
	INPACK (2, c, 2);
	INPACK (3, d, 3);
	
	/* Encryption Feistel cycles. */
	ENCCYCLE (0);
	ENCCYCLE (1);
	ENCCYCLE (2);
	ENCCYCLE (3);
	ENCCYCLE (4);
	ENCCYCLE (5);
	ENCCYCLE (6);
	ENCCYCLE (7);
	
	/* Output whitening and unpacking. */
	OUTUNPACK (0, c, 4);
	OUTUNPACK (1, d, 5);
	OUTUNPACK (2, a, 6);
	OUTUNPACK (3, b, 7);
	
}

/* Decrypt one block.  in and out may be the same. */
static void twofish_decrypt(struct crypto_tfm *tfm, u8 *out, const u8 *in)
{
	struct twofish_ctx *ctx = crypto_tfm_ctx(tfm);
	const __le32 *src = (const __le32 *)in;
	__le32 *dst = (__le32 *)out;
  
	/* The four 32-bit chunks of the text. */
	u32 a, b, c, d;
	
	/* Temporaries used by the round function. */
	u32 x, y;
	
	/* Input whitening and packing. */
	INPACK (0, c, 4);
	INPACK (1, d, 5);
	INPACK (2, a, 6);
	INPACK (3, b, 7);
	
	/* Encryption Feistel cycles. */
	DECCYCLE (7);
	DECCYCLE (6);
	DECCYCLE (5);
	DECCYCLE (4);
	DECCYCLE (3);
	DECCYCLE (2);
	DECCYCLE (1);
	DECCYCLE (0);

	/* Output whitening and unpacking. */
	OUTUNPACK (0, a, 0);
	OUTUNPACK (1, b, 1);
	OUTUNPACK (2, c, 2);
	OUTUNPACK (3, d, 3);

}

static struct crypto_alg alg = {
	.cra_name           =   "twofish",
	.cra_driver_name    =   "twofish-generic",
	.cra_priority       =   100,
	.cra_flags          =   CRYPTO_ALG_TYPE_CIPHER,
	.cra_blocksize      =   TF_BLOCK_SIZE,
	.cra_ctxsize        =   sizeof(struct twofish_ctx),
	.cra_alignmask      =	3,
	.cra_module         =   THIS_MODULE,
	.cra_list           =   LIST_HEAD_INIT(alg.cra_list),
	.cra_u              =   { .cipher = {
	.cia_min_keysize    =   TF_MIN_KEY_SIZE,
	.cia_max_keysize    =   TF_MAX_KEY_SIZE,
	.cia_setkey         =   twofish_setkey,
	.cia_encrypt        =   twofish_encrypt,
	.cia_decrypt        =   twofish_decrypt } }
};

static int __init twofish_mod_init(void)
{
	return crypto_register_alg(&alg);
}

static void __exit twofish_mod_fini(void)
{
	crypto_unregister_alg(&alg);
}

module_init(twofish_mod_init);
module_exit(twofish_mod_fini);

MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION ("Twofish Cipher Algorithm");

Privacy Policy