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/* Copyright 2005 Rusty Russell rusty@rustcorp.com.au IBM Corporation.
 * GPL v2 and any later version.
 */
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/stop_machine.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>

#include <asm/atomic.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>

/* Since we effect priority and affinity (both of which are visible
 * to, and settable by outside processes) we do indirection via a
 * kthread. */

/* Thread to stop each CPU in user context. */
enum stopmachine_state {
	STOPMACHINE_WAIT,
	STOPMACHINE_PREPARE,
	STOPMACHINE_DISABLE_IRQ,
	STOPMACHINE_EXIT,
};

static enum stopmachine_state stopmachine_state;
static unsigned int stopmachine_num_threads;
static atomic_t stopmachine_thread_ack;

static int stopmachine(void *cpu)
{
	int irqs_disabled = 0;
	int prepared = 0;
	cpumask_of_cpu_ptr(cpumask, (int)(long)cpu);

	set_cpus_allowed_ptr(current, cpumask);

	/* Ack: we are alive */
	smp_mb(); /* Theoretically the ack = 0 might not be on this CPU yet. */
	atomic_inc(&stopmachine_thread_ack);

	/* Simple state machine */
	while (stopmachine_state != STOPMACHINE_EXIT) {
		if (stopmachine_state == STOPMACHINE_DISABLE_IRQ 
		    && !irqs_disabled) {
			local_irq_disable();
			hard_irq_disable();
			irqs_disabled = 1;
			/* Ack: irqs disabled. */
			smp_mb(); /* Must read state first. */
			atomic_inc(&stopmachine_thread_ack);
		} else if (stopmachine_state == STOPMACHINE_PREPARE
			   && !prepared) {
			/* Everyone is in place, hold CPU. */
			preempt_disable();
			prepared = 1;
			smp_mb(); /* Must read state first. */
			atomic_inc(&stopmachine_thread_ack);
		}
		/* Yield in first stage: migration threads need to
		 * help our sisters onto their CPUs. */
		if (!prepared && !irqs_disabled)
			yield();
		cpu_relax();
	}

	/* Ack: we are exiting. */
	smp_mb(); /* Must read state first. */
	atomic_inc(&stopmachine_thread_ack);

	if (irqs_disabled)
		local_irq_enable();
	if (prepared)
		preempt_enable();

	return 0;
}

/* Change the thread state */
static void stopmachine_set_state(enum stopmachine_state state)
{
	atomic_set(&stopmachine_thread_ack, 0);
	smp_wmb();
	stopmachine_state = state;
	while (atomic_read(&stopmachine_thread_ack) != stopmachine_num_threads)
		cpu_relax();
}

static int stop_machine(void)
{
	int i, ret = 0;

	atomic_set(&stopmachine_thread_ack, 0);
	stopmachine_num_threads = 0;
	stopmachine_state = STOPMACHINE_WAIT;

	for_each_online_cpu(i) {
		if (i == raw_smp_processor_id())
			continue;
		ret = kernel_thread(stopmachine, (void *)(long)i,CLONE_KERNEL);
		if (ret < 0)
			break;
		stopmachine_num_threads++;
	}

	/* Wait for them all to come to life. */
	while (atomic_read(&stopmachine_thread_ack) != stopmachine_num_threads) {
		yield();
		cpu_relax();
	}

	/* If some failed, kill them all. */
	if (ret < 0) {
		stopmachine_set_state(STOPMACHINE_EXIT);
		return ret;
	}

	/* Now they are all started, make them hold the CPUs, ready. */
	preempt_disable();
	stopmachine_set_state(STOPMACHINE_PREPARE);

	/* Make them disable irqs. */
	local_irq_disable();
	hard_irq_disable();
	stopmachine_set_state(STOPMACHINE_DISABLE_IRQ);

	return 0;
}

static void restart_machine(void)
{
	stopmachine_set_state(STOPMACHINE_EXIT);
	local_irq_enable();
	preempt_enable_no_resched();
}

struct stop_machine_data {
	int (*fn)(void *);
	void *data;
	struct completion done;
};

static int do_stop(void *_smdata)
{
	struct stop_machine_data *smdata = _smdata;
	int ret;

	ret = stop_machine();
	if (ret == 0) {
		ret = smdata->fn(smdata->data);
		restart_machine();
	}

	/* We're done: you can kthread_stop us now */
	complete(&smdata->done);

	/* Wait for kthread_stop */
	set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
	while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
		schedule();
		set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
	}
	__set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
	return ret;
}

struct task_struct *__stop_machine_run(int (*fn)(void *), void *data,
				       unsigned int cpu)
{
	static DEFINE_MUTEX(stopmachine_mutex);
	struct stop_machine_data smdata;
	struct task_struct *p;

	smdata.fn = fn;
	smdata.data = data;
	init_completion(&smdata.done);

	mutex_lock(&stopmachine_mutex);

	/* If they don't care which CPU fn runs on, bind to any online one. */
	if (cpu == NR_CPUS)
		cpu = raw_smp_processor_id();

	p = kthread_create(do_stop, &smdata, "kstopmachine");
	if (!IS_ERR(p)) {
		struct sched_param param = { .sched_priority = MAX_RT_PRIO-1 };

		/* One high-prio thread per cpu.  We'll do this one. */
		sched_setscheduler_nocheck(p, SCHED_FIFO, &param);
		kthread_bind(p, cpu);
		wake_up_process(p);
		wait_for_completion(&smdata.done);
	}
	mutex_unlock(&stopmachine_mutex);
	return p;
}

int stop_machine_run(int (*fn)(void *), void *data, unsigned int cpu)
{
	struct task_struct *p;
	int ret;

	/* No CPUs can come up or down during this. */
	get_online_cpus();
	p = __stop_machine_run(fn, data, cpu);
	if (!IS_ERR(p))
		ret = kthread_stop(p);
	else
		ret = PTR_ERR(p);
	put_online_cpus();

	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(stop_machine_run);

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