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/*
 * Freescale SSI ALSA SoC Digital Audio Interface (DAI) driver
 *
 * Author: Timur Tabi <timur@freescale.com>
 *
 * Copyright 2007-2008 Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.  This file is licensed
 * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2.  This
 * program is licensed "as is" without any warranty of any kind, whether
 * express or implied.
 */

#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>

#include <sound/core.h>
#include <sound/pcm.h>
#include <sound/pcm_params.h>
#include <sound/initval.h>
#include <sound/soc.h>

#include <asm/immap_86xx.h>

#include "fsl_ssi.h"

/**
 * FSLSSI_I2S_RATES: sample rates supported by the I2S
 *
 * This driver currently only supports the SSI running in I2S slave mode,
 * which means the codec determines the sample rate.  Therefore, we tell
 * ALSA that we support all rates and let the codec driver decide what rates
 * are really supported.
 */
#define FSLSSI_I2S_RATES (SNDRV_PCM_RATE_5512 | SNDRV_PCM_RATE_8000_192000 | \
			  SNDRV_PCM_RATE_CONTINUOUS)

/**
 * FSLSSI_I2S_FORMATS: audio formats supported by the SSI
 *
 * This driver currently only supports the SSI running in I2S slave mode.
 *
 * The SSI has a limitation in that the samples must be in the same byte
 * order as the host CPU.  This is because when multiple bytes are written
 * to the STX register, the bytes and bits must be written in the same
 * order.  The STX is a shift register, so all the bits need to be aligned
 * (bit-endianness must match byte-endianness).  Processors typically write
 * the bits within a byte in the same order that the bytes of a word are
 * written in.  So if the host CPU is big-endian, then only big-endian
 * samples will be written to STX properly.
 */
#ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN
#define FSLSSI_I2S_FORMATS (SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S8 | SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S16_BE | \
	 SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S18_3BE | SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S20_3BE | \
	 SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S24_3BE | SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S24_BE)
#else
#define FSLSSI_I2S_FORMATS (SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S8 | SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S16_LE | \
	 SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S18_3LE | SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S20_3LE | \
	 SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S24_3LE | SNDRV_PCM_FMTBIT_S24_LE)
#endif

/**
 * fsl_ssi_private: per-SSI private data
 *
 * @name: short name for this device ("SSI0", "SSI1", etc)
 * @ssi: pointer to the SSI's registers
 * @ssi_phys: physical address of the SSI registers
 * @irq: IRQ of this SSI
 * @dev: struct device pointer
 * @playback: the number of playback streams opened
 * @capture: the number of capture streams opened
 * @cpu_dai: the CPU DAI for this device
 * @dev_attr: the sysfs device attribute structure
 * @stats: SSI statistics
 */
struct fsl_ssi_private {
	char name[8];
	struct ccsr_ssi __iomem *ssi;
	dma_addr_t ssi_phys;
	unsigned int irq;
	struct device *dev;
	unsigned int playback;
	unsigned int capture;
	struct snd_soc_dai cpu_dai;
	struct device_attribute dev_attr;

	struct {
		unsigned int rfrc;
		unsigned int tfrc;
		unsigned int cmdau;
		unsigned int cmddu;
		unsigned int rxt;
		unsigned int rdr1;
		unsigned int rdr0;
		unsigned int tde1;
		unsigned int tde0;
		unsigned int roe1;
		unsigned int roe0;
		unsigned int tue1;
		unsigned int tue0;
		unsigned int tfs;
		unsigned int rfs;
		unsigned int tls;
		unsigned int rls;
		unsigned int rff1;
		unsigned int rff0;
		unsigned int tfe1;
		unsigned int tfe0;
	} stats;
};

/**
 * fsl_ssi_isr: SSI interrupt handler
 *
 * Although it's possible to use the interrupt handler to send and receive
 * data to/from the SSI, we use the DMA instead.  Programming is more
 * complicated, but the performance is much better.
 *
 * This interrupt handler is used only to gather statistics.
 *
 * @irq: IRQ of the SSI device
 * @dev_id: pointer to the ssi_private structure for this SSI device
 */
static irqreturn_t fsl_ssi_isr(int irq, void *dev_id)
{
	struct fsl_ssi_private *ssi_private = dev_id;
	struct ccsr_ssi __iomem *ssi = ssi_private->ssi;
	irqreturn_t ret = IRQ_NONE;
	__be32 sisr;
	__be32 sisr2 = 0;

	/* We got an interrupt, so read the status register to see what we
	   were interrupted for.  We mask it with the Interrupt Enable register
	   so that we only check for events that we're interested in.
	 */
	sisr = in_be32(&ssi->sisr) & in_be32(&ssi->sier);

	if (sisr & CCSR_SSI_SISR_RFRC) {
		ssi_private->stats.rfrc++;
		sisr2 |= CCSR_SSI_SISR_RFRC;
		ret = IRQ_HANDLED;
	}

	if (sisr & CCSR_SSI_SISR_TFRC) {
		ssi_private->stats.tfrc++;
		sisr2 |= CCSR_SSI_SISR_TFRC;
		ret = IRQ_HANDLED;
	}

	if (sisr & CCSR_SSI_SISR_CMDAU) {
		ssi_private->stats.cmdau++;
		ret = IRQ_HANDLED;
	}

	if (sisr & CCSR_SSI_SISR_CMDDU) {
		ssi_private->stats.cmddu++;
		ret = IRQ_HANDLED;
	}

	if (sisr & CCSR_SSI_SISR_RXT) {
		ssi_private->stats.rxt++;
		ret = IRQ_HANDLED;
	}

	if (sisr & CCSR_SSI_SISR_RDR1) {
		ssi_private->stats.rdr1++;
		ret = IRQ_HANDLED;
	}

	if (sisr & CCSR_SSI_SISR_RDR0) {
		ssi_private->stats.rdr0++;
		ret = IRQ_HANDLED;
	}

	if (sisr & CCSR_SSI_SISR_TDE1) {
		ssi_private->stats.tde1++;
		ret = IRQ_HANDLED;
	}

	if (sisr & CCSR_SSI_SISR_TDE0) {
		ssi_private->stats.tde0++;
		ret = IRQ_HANDLED;
	}

	if (sisr & CCSR_SSI_SISR_ROE1) {
		ssi_private->stats.roe1++;
		sisr2 |= CCSR_SSI_SISR_ROE1;
		ret = IRQ_HANDLED;
	}

	if (sisr & CCSR_SSI_SISR_ROE0) {
		ssi_private->stats.roe0++;
		sisr2 |= CCSR_SSI_SISR_ROE0;
		ret = IRQ_HANDLED;
	}

	if (sisr & CCSR_SSI_SISR_TUE1) {
		ssi_private->stats.tue1++;
		sisr2 |= CCSR_SSI_SISR_TUE1;
		ret = IRQ_HANDLED;
	}

	if (sisr & CCSR_SSI_SISR_TUE0) {
		ssi_private->stats.tue0++;
		sisr2 |= CCSR_SSI_SISR_TUE0;
		ret = IRQ_HANDLED;
	}

	if (sisr & CCSR_SSI_SISR_TFS) {
		ssi_private->stats.tfs++;
		ret = IRQ_HANDLED;
	}

	if (sisr & CCSR_SSI_SISR_RFS) {
		ssi_private->stats.rfs++;
		ret = IRQ_HANDLED;
	}

	if (sisr & CCSR_SSI_SISR_TLS) {
		ssi_private->stats.tls++;
		ret = IRQ_HANDLED;
	}

	if (sisr & CCSR_SSI_SISR_RLS) {
		ssi_private->stats.rls++;
		ret = IRQ_HANDLED;
	}

	if (sisr & CCSR_SSI_SISR_RFF1) {
		ssi_private->stats.rff1++;
		ret = IRQ_HANDLED;
	}

	if (sisr & CCSR_SSI_SISR_RFF0) {
		ssi_private->stats.rff0++;
		ret = IRQ_HANDLED;
	}

	if (sisr & CCSR_SSI_SISR_TFE1) {
		ssi_private->stats.tfe1++;
		ret = IRQ_HANDLED;
	}

	if (sisr & CCSR_SSI_SISR_TFE0) {
		ssi_private->stats.tfe0++;
		ret = IRQ_HANDLED;
	}

	/* Clear the bits that we set */
	if (sisr2)
		out_be32(&ssi->sisr, sisr2);

	return ret;
}

/**
 * fsl_ssi_startup: create a new substream
 *
 * This is the first function called when a stream is opened.
 *
 * If this is the first stream open, then grab the IRQ and program most of
 * the SSI registers.
 */
static int fsl_ssi_startup(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
{
	struct snd_soc_pcm_runtime *rtd = substream->private_data;
	struct fsl_ssi_private *ssi_private = rtd->dai->cpu_dai->private_data;

	/*
	 * If this is the first stream opened, then request the IRQ
	 * and initialize the SSI registers.
	 */
	if (!ssi_private->playback && !ssi_private->capture) {
		struct ccsr_ssi __iomem *ssi = ssi_private->ssi;
		int ret;

		ret = request_irq(ssi_private->irq, fsl_ssi_isr, 0,
				  ssi_private->name, ssi_private);
		if (ret < 0) {
			dev_err(substream->pcm->card->dev,
				"could not claim irq %u\n", ssi_private->irq);
			return ret;
		}

		/*
		 * Section 16.5 of the MPC8610 reference manual says that the
		 * SSI needs to be disabled before updating the registers we set
		 * here.
		 */
		clrbits32(&ssi->scr, CCSR_SSI_SCR_SSIEN);

		/*
		 * Program the SSI into I2S Slave Non-Network Synchronous mode.
		 * Also enable the transmit and receive FIFO.
		 *
		 * FIXME: Little-endian samples require a different shift dir
		 */
		clrsetbits_be32(&ssi->scr, CCSR_SSI_SCR_I2S_MODE_MASK,
			CCSR_SSI_SCR_TFR_CLK_DIS |
			CCSR_SSI_SCR_I2S_MODE_SLAVE | CCSR_SSI_SCR_SYN);

		out_be32(&ssi->stcr,
			 CCSR_SSI_STCR_TXBIT0 | CCSR_SSI_STCR_TFEN0 |
			 CCSR_SSI_STCR_TFSI | CCSR_SSI_STCR_TEFS |
			 CCSR_SSI_STCR_TSCKP);

		out_be32(&ssi->srcr,
			 CCSR_SSI_SRCR_RXBIT0 | CCSR_SSI_SRCR_RFEN0 |
			 CCSR_SSI_SRCR_RFSI | CCSR_SSI_SRCR_REFS |
			 CCSR_SSI_SRCR_RSCKP);

		/*
		 * The DC and PM bits are only used if the SSI is the clock
		 * master.
		 */

		/* 4. Enable the interrupts and DMA requests */
		out_be32(&ssi->sier,
			 CCSR_SSI_SIER_TFRC_EN | CCSR_SSI_SIER_TDMAE |
			 CCSR_SSI_SIER_TIE | CCSR_SSI_SIER_TUE0_EN |
			 CCSR_SSI_SIER_TUE1_EN | CCSR_SSI_SIER_RFRC_EN |
			 CCSR_SSI_SIER_RDMAE | CCSR_SSI_SIER_RIE |
			 CCSR_SSI_SIER_ROE0_EN | CCSR_SSI_SIER_ROE1_EN);

		/*
		 * Set the watermark for transmit FIFI 0 and receive FIFO 0. We
		 * don't use FIFO 1.  Since the SSI only supports stereo, the
		 * watermark should never be an odd number.
		 */
		out_be32(&ssi->sfcsr,
			 CCSR_SSI_SFCSR_TFWM0(6) | CCSR_SSI_SFCSR_RFWM0(2));

		/*
		 * We keep the SSI disabled because if we enable it, then the
		 * DMA controller will start.  It's not supposed to start until
		 * the SCR.TE (or SCR.RE) bit is set, but it does anyway.  The
		 * DMA controller will transfer one "BWC" of data (i.e. the
		 * amount of data that the MR.BWC bits are set to).  The reason
		 * this is bad is because at this point, the PCM driver has not
		 * finished initializing the DMA controller.
		 */
	}

	if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
		ssi_private->playback++;

	if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE)
		ssi_private->capture++;

	return 0;
}

/**
 * fsl_ssi_prepare: prepare the SSI.
 *
 * Most of the SSI registers have been programmed in the startup function,
 * but the word length must be programmed here.  Unfortunately, programming
 * the SxCCR.WL bits requires the SSI to be temporarily disabled.  This can
 * cause a problem with supporting simultaneous playback and capture.  If
 * the SSI is already playing a stream, then that stream may be temporarily
 * stopped when you start capture.
 *
 * Note: The SxCCR.DC and SxCCR.PM bits are only used if the SSI is the
 * clock master.
 */
static int fsl_ssi_prepare(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
{
	struct snd_pcm_runtime *runtime = substream->runtime;
	struct snd_soc_pcm_runtime *rtd = substream->private_data;
	struct fsl_ssi_private *ssi_private = rtd->dai->cpu_dai->private_data;

	struct ccsr_ssi __iomem *ssi = ssi_private->ssi;
	u32 wl;

	wl = CCSR_SSI_SxCCR_WL(snd_pcm_format_width(runtime->format));

	clrbits32(&ssi->scr, CCSR_SSI_SCR_SSIEN);

	if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
		clrsetbits_be32(&ssi->stccr, CCSR_SSI_SxCCR_WL_MASK, wl);
	else
		clrsetbits_be32(&ssi->srccr, CCSR_SSI_SxCCR_WL_MASK, wl);

	setbits32(&ssi->scr, CCSR_SSI_SCR_SSIEN);

	return 0;
}

/**
 * fsl_ssi_trigger: start and stop the DMA transfer.
 *
 * This function is called by ALSA to start, stop, pause, and resume the DMA
 * transfer of data.
 *
 * The DMA channel is in external master start and pause mode, which
 * means the SSI completely controls the flow of data.
 */
static int fsl_ssi_trigger(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream, int cmd)
{
	struct snd_soc_pcm_runtime *rtd = substream->private_data;
	struct fsl_ssi_private *ssi_private = rtd->dai->cpu_dai->private_data;
	struct ccsr_ssi __iomem *ssi = ssi_private->ssi;

	switch (cmd) {
	case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_START:
	case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_RESUME:
	case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_PAUSE_RELEASE:
		if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK) {
			setbits32(&ssi->scr, CCSR_SSI_SCR_TE);
		} else {
			setbits32(&ssi->scr, CCSR_SSI_SCR_RE);

			/*
			 * I think we need this delay to allow time for the SSI
			 * to put data into its FIFO.  Without it, ALSA starts
			 * to complain about overruns.
			 */
			mdelay(1);
		}
		break;

	case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_STOP:
	case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_SUSPEND:
	case SNDRV_PCM_TRIGGER_PAUSE_PUSH:
		if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
			clrbits32(&ssi->scr, CCSR_SSI_SCR_TE);
		else
			clrbits32(&ssi->scr, CCSR_SSI_SCR_RE);
		break;

	default:
		return -EINVAL;
	}

	return 0;
}

/**
 * fsl_ssi_shutdown: shutdown the SSI
 *
 * Shutdown the SSI if there are no other substreams open.
 */
static void fsl_ssi_shutdown(struct snd_pcm_substream *substream)
{
	struct snd_soc_pcm_runtime *rtd = substream->private_data;
	struct fsl_ssi_private *ssi_private = rtd->dai->cpu_dai->private_data;

	if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_PLAYBACK)
		ssi_private->playback--;

	if (substream->stream == SNDRV_PCM_STREAM_CAPTURE)
		ssi_private->capture--;

	/*
	 * If this is the last active substream, disable the SSI and release
	 * the IRQ.
	 */
	if (!ssi_private->playback && !ssi_private->capture) {
		struct ccsr_ssi __iomem *ssi = ssi_private->ssi;

		clrbits32(&ssi->scr, CCSR_SSI_SCR_SSIEN);

		free_irq(ssi_private->irq, ssi_private);
	}
}

/**
 * fsl_ssi_set_sysclk: set the clock frequency and direction
 *
 * This function is called by the machine driver to tell us what the clock
 * frequency and direction are.
 *
 * Currently, we only support operating as a clock slave (SND_SOC_CLOCK_IN),
 * and we don't care about the frequency.  Return an error if the direction
 * is not SND_SOC_CLOCK_IN.
 *
 * @clk_id: reserved, should be zero
 * @freq: the frequency of the given clock ID, currently ignored
 * @dir: SND_SOC_CLOCK_IN (clock slave) or SND_SOC_CLOCK_OUT (clock master)
 */
static int fsl_ssi_set_sysclk(struct snd_soc_dai *cpu_dai,
			      int clk_id, unsigned int freq, int dir)
{

	return (dir == SND_SOC_CLOCK_IN) ? 0 : -EINVAL;
}

/**
 * fsl_ssi_set_fmt: set the serial format.
 *
 * This function is called by the machine driver to tell us what serial
 * format to use.
 *
 * Currently, we only support I2S mode.  Return an error if the format is
 * not SND_SOC_DAIFMT_I2S.
 *
 * @format: one of SND_SOC_DAIFMT_xxx
 */
static int fsl_ssi_set_fmt(struct snd_soc_dai *cpu_dai, unsigned int format)
{
	return (format == SND_SOC_DAIFMT_I2S) ? 0 : -EINVAL;
}

/**
 * fsl_ssi_dai_template: template CPU DAI for the SSI
 */
static struct snd_soc_dai fsl_ssi_dai_template = {
	.playback = {
		/* The SSI does not support monaural audio. */
		.channels_min = 2,
		.channels_max = 2,
		.rates = FSLSSI_I2S_RATES,
		.formats = FSLSSI_I2S_FORMATS,
	},
	.capture = {
		.channels_min = 2,
		.channels_max = 2,
		.rates = FSLSSI_I2S_RATES,
		.formats = FSLSSI_I2S_FORMATS,
	},
	.ops = {
		.startup = fsl_ssi_startup,
		.prepare = fsl_ssi_prepare,
		.shutdown = fsl_ssi_shutdown,
		.trigger = fsl_ssi_trigger,
	},
	.dai_ops = {
		.set_sysclk = fsl_ssi_set_sysclk,
		.set_fmt = fsl_ssi_set_fmt,
	},
};

/**
 * fsl_sysfs_ssi_show: display SSI statistics
 *
 * Display the statistics for the current SSI device.
 */
static ssize_t fsl_sysfs_ssi_show(struct device *dev,
	struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
{
	struct fsl_ssi_private *ssi_private =
	container_of(attr, struct fsl_ssi_private, dev_attr);
	ssize_t length;

	length = sprintf(buf, "rfrc=%u", ssi_private->stats.rfrc);
	length += sprintf(buf + length, "\ttfrc=%u", ssi_private->stats.tfrc);
	length += sprintf(buf + length, "\tcmdau=%u", ssi_private->stats.cmdau);
	length += sprintf(buf + length, "\tcmddu=%u", ssi_private->stats.cmddu);
	length += sprintf(buf + length, "\trxt=%u", ssi_private->stats.rxt);
	length += sprintf(buf + length, "\trdr1=%u", ssi_private->stats.rdr1);
	length += sprintf(buf + length, "\trdr0=%u", ssi_private->stats.rdr0);
	length += sprintf(buf + length, "\ttde1=%u", ssi_private->stats.tde1);
	length += sprintf(buf + length, "\ttde0=%u", ssi_private->stats.tde0);
	length += sprintf(buf + length, "\troe1=%u", ssi_private->stats.roe1);
	length += sprintf(buf + length, "\troe0=%u", ssi_private->stats.roe0);
	length += sprintf(buf + length, "\ttue1=%u", ssi_private->stats.tue1);
	length += sprintf(buf + length, "\ttue0=%u", ssi_private->stats.tue0);
	length += sprintf(buf + length, "\ttfs=%u", ssi_private->stats.tfs);
	length += sprintf(buf + length, "\trfs=%u", ssi_private->stats.rfs);
	length += sprintf(buf + length, "\ttls=%u", ssi_private->stats.tls);
	length += sprintf(buf + length, "\trls=%u", ssi_private->stats.rls);
	length += sprintf(buf + length, "\trff1=%u", ssi_private->stats.rff1);
	length += sprintf(buf + length, "\trff0=%u", ssi_private->stats.rff0);
	length += sprintf(buf + length, "\ttfe1=%u", ssi_private->stats.tfe1);
	length += sprintf(buf + length, "\ttfe0=%u\n", ssi_private->stats.tfe0);

	return length;
}

/**
 * fsl_ssi_create_dai: create a snd_soc_dai structure
 *
 * This function is called by the machine driver to create a snd_soc_dai
 * structure.  The function creates an ssi_private object, which contains
 * the snd_soc_dai.  It also creates the sysfs statistics device.
 */
struct snd_soc_dai *fsl_ssi_create_dai(struct fsl_ssi_info *ssi_info)
{
	struct snd_soc_dai *fsl_ssi_dai;
	struct fsl_ssi_private *ssi_private;
	int ret = 0;
	struct device_attribute *dev_attr;

	ssi_private = kzalloc(sizeof(struct fsl_ssi_private), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!ssi_private) {
		dev_err(ssi_info->dev, "could not allocate DAI object\n");
		return NULL;
	}
	memcpy(&ssi_private->cpu_dai, &fsl_ssi_dai_template,
	       sizeof(struct snd_soc_dai));

	fsl_ssi_dai = &ssi_private->cpu_dai;
	dev_attr = &ssi_private->dev_attr;

	sprintf(ssi_private->name, "ssi%u", (u8) ssi_info->id);
	ssi_private->ssi = ssi_info->ssi;
	ssi_private->ssi_phys = ssi_info->ssi_phys;
	ssi_private->irq = ssi_info->irq;
	ssi_private->dev = ssi_info->dev;

	ssi_private->dev->driver_data = fsl_ssi_dai;

	/* Initialize the the device_attribute structure */
	dev_attr->attr.name = "ssi-stats";
	dev_attr->attr.mode = S_IRUGO;
	dev_attr->show = fsl_sysfs_ssi_show;

	ret = device_create_file(ssi_private->dev, dev_attr);
	if (ret) {
		dev_err(ssi_info->dev, "could not create sysfs %s file\n",
			ssi_private->dev_attr.attr.name);
		kfree(fsl_ssi_dai);
		return NULL;
	}

	fsl_ssi_dai->private_data = ssi_private;
	fsl_ssi_dai->name = ssi_private->name;
	fsl_ssi_dai->id = ssi_info->id;

	return fsl_ssi_dai;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fsl_ssi_create_dai);

/**
 * fsl_ssi_destroy_dai: destroy the snd_soc_dai object
 *
 * This function undoes the operations of fsl_ssi_create_dai()
 */
void fsl_ssi_destroy_dai(struct snd_soc_dai *fsl_ssi_dai)
{
	struct fsl_ssi_private *ssi_private =
	container_of(fsl_ssi_dai, struct fsl_ssi_private, cpu_dai);

	device_remove_file(ssi_private->dev, &ssi_private->dev_attr);

	kfree(ssi_private);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fsl_ssi_destroy_dai);

MODULE_AUTHOR("Timur Tabi <timur@freescale.com>");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Freescale Synchronous Serial Interface (SSI) ASoC Driver");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");

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