aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
authorAndrew G. Morgan <morgan@kernel.org>2008-04-28 02:13:40 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2008-04-28 08:58:26 -0700
commit3898b1b4ebff8dcfbcf1807e0661585e06c9a91c (patch)
tree69a338864dfe654f68064a599c5d0da460df34ac
parent4016a1390d07f15b267eecb20e76a48fd5c524ef (diff)
capabilities: implement per-process securebits
Filesystem capability support makes it possible to do away with (set)uid-0 based privilege and use capabilities instead. That is, with filesystem support for capabilities but without this present patch, it is (conceptually) possible to manage a system with capabilities alone and never need to obtain privilege via (set)uid-0. Of course, conceptually isn't quite the same as currently possible since few user applications, certainly not enough to run a viable system, are currently prepared to leverage capabilities to exercise privilege. Further, many applications exist that may never get upgraded in this way, and the kernel will continue to want to support their setuid-0 base privilege needs. Where pure-capability applications evolve and replace setuid-0 binaries, it is desirable that there be a mechanisms by which they can contain their privilege. In addition to leveraging the per-process bounding and inheritable sets, this should include suppressing the privilege of the uid-0 superuser from the process' tree of children. The feature added by this patch can be leveraged to suppress the privilege associated with (set)uid-0. This suppression requires CAP_SETPCAP to initiate, and only immediately affects the 'current' process (it is inherited through fork()/exec()). This reimplementation differs significantly from the historical support for securebits which was system-wide, unwieldy and which has ultimately withered to a dead relic in the source of the modern kernel. With this patch applied a process, that is capable(CAP_SETPCAP), can now drop all legacy privilege (through uid=0) for itself and all subsequently fork()'d/exec()'d children with: prctl(PR_SET_SECUREBITS, 0x2f); This patch represents a no-op unless CONFIG_SECURITY_FILE_CAPABILITIES is enabled at configure time. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix uninitialised var warning] [serue@us.ibm.com: capabilities: use cap_task_prctl when !CONFIG_SECURITY] Signed-off-by: Andrew G. Morgan <morgan@kernel.org> Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Cc: Stephen Smalley <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> Cc: Paul Moore <paul.moore@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Serge E. Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
-rw-r--r--include/linux/capability.h3
-rw-r--r--include/linux/init_task.h3
-rw-r--r--include/linux/prctl.h9
-rw-r--r--include/linux/sched.h3
-rw-r--r--include/linux/securebits.h25
-rw-r--r--include/linux/security.h16
-rw-r--r--kernel/sys.c27
-rw-r--r--security/capability.c1
-rw-r--r--security/commoncap.c103
-rw-r--r--security/dummy.c2
-rw-r--r--security/security.c4
-rw-r--r--security/selinux/hooks.c5
12 files changed, 141 insertions, 60 deletions
diff --git a/include/linux/capability.h b/include/linux/capability.h
index 7d50ff6d269f..eaab759b1460 100644
--- a/include/linux/capability.h
+++ b/include/linux/capability.h
@@ -155,6 +155,7 @@ typedef struct kernel_cap_struct {
* Add any capability from current's capability bounding set
* to the current process' inheritable set
* Allow taking bits out of capability bounding set
+ * Allow modification of the securebits for a process
*/
#define CAP_SETPCAP 8
@@ -490,8 +491,6 @@ extern const kernel_cap_t __cap_init_eff_set;
int capable(int cap);
int __capable(struct task_struct *t, int cap);
-extern long cap_prctl_drop(unsigned long cap);
-
#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
#endif /* !_LINUX_CAPABILITY_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/init_task.h b/include/linux/init_task.h
index 37a6f5bc4a92..bf6b8a61f8db 100644
--- a/include/linux/init_task.h
+++ b/include/linux/init_task.h
@@ -9,6 +9,7 @@
#include <linux/ipc.h>
#include <linux/pid_namespace.h>
#include <linux/user_namespace.h>
+#include <linux/securebits.h>
#include <net/net_namespace.h>
#define INIT_FDTABLE \
@@ -172,7 +173,7 @@ extern struct group_info init_groups;
.cap_inheritable = CAP_INIT_INH_SET, \
.cap_permitted = CAP_FULL_SET, \
.cap_bset = CAP_INIT_BSET, \
- .keep_capabilities = 0, \
+ .securebits = SECUREBITS_DEFAULT, \
.user = INIT_USER, \
.comm = "swapper", \
.thread = INIT_THREAD, \
diff --git a/include/linux/prctl.h b/include/linux/prctl.h
index 5c80b1939636..5ad79198d6f9 100644
--- a/include/linux/prctl.h
+++ b/include/linux/prctl.h
@@ -16,7 +16,8 @@
# define PR_UNALIGN_NOPRINT 1 /* silently fix up unaligned user accesses */
# define PR_UNALIGN_SIGBUS 2 /* generate SIGBUS on unaligned user access */
-/* Get/set whether or not to drop capabilities on setuid() away from uid 0 */
+/* Get/set whether or not to drop capabilities on setuid() away from
+ * uid 0 (as per security/commoncap.c) */
#define PR_GET_KEEPCAPS 7
#define PR_SET_KEEPCAPS 8
@@ -63,7 +64,7 @@
#define PR_GET_SECCOMP 21
#define PR_SET_SECCOMP 22
-/* Get/set the capability bounding set */
+/* Get/set the capability bounding set (as per security/commoncap.c) */
#define PR_CAPBSET_READ 23
#define PR_CAPBSET_DROP 24
@@ -73,4 +74,8 @@
# define PR_TSC_ENABLE 1 /* allow the use of the timestamp counter */
# define PR_TSC_SIGSEGV 2 /* throw a SIGSEGV instead of reading the TSC */
+/* Get/set securebits (as per security/commoncap.c) */
+#define PR_GET_SECUREBITS 27
+#define PR_SET_SECUREBITS 28
+
#endif /* _LINUX_PRCTL_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/sched.h b/include/linux/sched.h
index 9a4f3e63e3bf..024d72b47a0c 100644
--- a/include/linux/sched.h
+++ b/include/linux/sched.h
@@ -68,7 +68,6 @@ struct sched_param {
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/sem.h>
#include <linux/signal.h>
-#include <linux/securebits.h>
#include <linux/fs_struct.h>
#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
@@ -1133,7 +1132,7 @@ struct task_struct {
gid_t gid,egid,sgid,fsgid;
struct group_info *group_info;
kernel_cap_t cap_effective, cap_inheritable, cap_permitted, cap_bset;
- unsigned keep_capabilities:1;
+ unsigned securebits;
struct user_struct *user;
#ifdef CONFIG_KEYS
struct key *request_key_auth; /* assumed request_key authority */
diff --git a/include/linux/securebits.h b/include/linux/securebits.h
index 5b0617840fa4..c1f19dbceb05 100644
--- a/include/linux/securebits.h
+++ b/include/linux/securebits.h
@@ -3,28 +3,39 @@
#define SECUREBITS_DEFAULT 0x00000000
-extern unsigned securebits;
-
/* When set UID 0 has no special privileges. When unset, we support
inheritance of root-permissions and suid-root executable under
compatibility mode. We raise the effective and inheritable bitmasks
*of the executable file* if the effective uid of the new process is
0. If the real uid is 0, we raise the inheritable bitmask of the
executable file. */
-#define SECURE_NOROOT 0
+#define SECURE_NOROOT 0
+#define SECURE_NOROOT_LOCKED 1 /* make bit-0 immutable */
/* When set, setuid to/from uid 0 does not trigger capability-"fixes"
to be compatible with old programs relying on set*uid to loose
privileges. When unset, setuid doesn't change privileges. */
-#define SECURE_NO_SETUID_FIXUP 2
+#define SECURE_NO_SETUID_FIXUP 2
+#define SECURE_NO_SETUID_FIXUP_LOCKED 3 /* make bit-2 immutable */
+
+/* When set, a process can retain its capabilities even after
+ transitioning to a non-root user (the set-uid fixup suppressed by
+ bit 2). Bit-4 is cleared when a process calls exec(); setting both
+ bit 4 and 5 will create a barrier through exec that no exec()'d
+ child can use this feature again. */
+#define SECURE_KEEP_CAPS 4
+#define SECURE_KEEP_CAPS_LOCKED 5 /* make bit-4 immutable */
/* Each securesetting is implemented using two bits. One bit specify
whether the setting is on or off. The other bit specify whether the
setting is fixed or not. A setting which is fixed cannot be changed
from user-level. */
+#define issecure_mask(X) (1 << (X))
+#define issecure(X) (issecure_mask(X) & current->securebits)
-#define issecure(X) ( (1 << (X+1)) & SECUREBITS_DEFAULT ? \
- (1 << (X)) & SECUREBITS_DEFAULT : \
- (1 << (X)) & securebits )
+#define SECURE_ALL_BITS (issecure_mask(SECURE_NOROOT) | \
+ issecure_mask(SECURE_NO_SETUID_FIXUP) | \
+ issecure_mask(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS))
+#define SECURE_ALL_LOCKS (SECURE_ALL_BITS << 1)
#endif /* !_LINUX_SECUREBITS_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/security.h b/include/linux/security.h
index 53a34539382a..e6299e50e210 100644
--- a/include/linux/security.h
+++ b/include/linux/security.h
@@ -34,8 +34,6 @@
#include <linux/xfrm.h>
#include <net/flow.h>
-extern unsigned securebits;
-
/* Maximum number of letters for an LSM name string */
#define SECURITY_NAME_MAX 10
@@ -61,6 +59,8 @@ extern int cap_inode_need_killpriv(struct dentry *dentry);
extern int cap_inode_killpriv(struct dentry *dentry);
extern int cap_task_post_setuid (uid_t old_ruid, uid_t old_euid, uid_t old_suid, int flags);
extern void cap_task_reparent_to_init (struct task_struct *p);
+extern int cap_task_prctl(int option, unsigned long arg2, unsigned long arg3,
+ unsigned long arg4, unsigned long arg5, long *rc_p);
extern int cap_task_setscheduler (struct task_struct *p, int policy, struct sched_param *lp);
extern int cap_task_setioprio (struct task_struct *p, int ioprio);
extern int cap_task_setnice (struct task_struct *p, int nice);
@@ -720,7 +720,9 @@ static inline void security_free_mnt_opts(struct security_mnt_opts *opts)
* @arg3 contains a argument.
* @arg4 contains a argument.
* @arg5 contains a argument.
- * Return 0 if permission is granted.
+ * @rc_p contains a pointer to communicate back the forced return code
+ * Return 0 if permission is granted, and non-zero if the security module
+ * has taken responsibility (setting *rc_p) for the prctl call.
* @task_reparent_to_init:
* Set the security attributes in @p->security for a kernel thread that
* is being reparented to the init task.
@@ -1420,7 +1422,7 @@ struct security_operations {
int (*task_wait) (struct task_struct * p);
int (*task_prctl) (int option, unsigned long arg2,
unsigned long arg3, unsigned long arg4,
- unsigned long arg5);
+ unsigned long arg5, long *rc_p);
void (*task_reparent_to_init) (struct task_struct * p);
void (*task_to_inode)(struct task_struct *p, struct inode *inode);
@@ -1684,7 +1686,7 @@ int security_task_kill(struct task_struct *p, struct siginfo *info,
int sig, u32 secid);
int security_task_wait(struct task_struct *p);
int security_task_prctl(int option, unsigned long arg2, unsigned long arg3,
- unsigned long arg4, unsigned long arg5);
+ unsigned long arg4, unsigned long arg5, long *rc_p);
void security_task_reparent_to_init(struct task_struct *p);
void security_task_to_inode(struct task_struct *p, struct inode *inode);
int security_ipc_permission(struct kern_ipc_perm *ipcp, short flag);
@@ -2271,9 +2273,9 @@ static inline int security_task_wait (struct task_struct *p)
static inline int security_task_prctl (int option, unsigned long arg2,
unsigned long arg3,
unsigned long arg4,
- unsigned long arg5)
+ unsigned long arg5, long *rc_p)
{
- return 0;
+ return cap_task_prctl(option, arg2, arg3, arg3, arg5, rc_p);
}
static inline void security_task_reparent_to_init (struct task_struct *p)
diff --git a/kernel/sys.c b/kernel/sys.c
index 6a0cc71ee88d..f2a451366953 100644
--- a/kernel/sys.c
+++ b/kernel/sys.c
@@ -1632,10 +1632,9 @@ asmlinkage long sys_umask(int mask)
asmlinkage long sys_prctl(int option, unsigned long arg2, unsigned long arg3,
unsigned long arg4, unsigned long arg5)
{
- long error;
+ long uninitialized_var(error);
- error = security_task_prctl(option, arg2, arg3, arg4, arg5);
- if (error)
+ if (security_task_prctl(option, arg2, arg3, arg4, arg5, &error))
return error;
switch (option) {
@@ -1688,17 +1687,6 @@ asmlinkage long sys_prctl(int option, unsigned long arg2, unsigned long arg3,
error = -EINVAL;
break;
- case PR_GET_KEEPCAPS:
- if (current->keep_capabilities)
- error = 1;
- break;
- case PR_SET_KEEPCAPS:
- if (arg2 != 0 && arg2 != 1) {
- error = -EINVAL;
- break;
- }
- current->keep_capabilities = arg2;
- break;
case PR_SET_NAME: {
struct task_struct *me = current;
unsigned char ncomm[sizeof(me->comm)];
@@ -1732,17 +1720,6 @@ asmlinkage long sys_prctl(int option, unsigned long arg2, unsigned long arg3,
case PR_SET_SECCOMP:
error = prctl_set_seccomp(arg2);
break;
-
- case PR_CAPBSET_READ:
- if (!cap_valid(arg2))
- return -EINVAL;
- return !!cap_raised(current->cap_bset, arg2);
- case PR_CAPBSET_DROP:
-#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_FILE_CAPABILITIES
- return cap_prctl_drop(arg2);
-#else
- return -EINVAL;
-#endif
case PR_GET_TSC:
error = GET_TSC_CTL(arg2);
break;
diff --git a/security/capability.c b/security/capability.c
index 2c6e06d18fab..38ac54e3aed1 100644
--- a/security/capability.c
+++ b/security/capability.c
@@ -44,6 +44,7 @@ static struct security_operations capability_ops = {
.task_setioprio = cap_task_setioprio,
.task_setnice = cap_task_setnice,
.task_post_setuid = cap_task_post_setuid,
+ .task_prctl = cap_task_prctl,
.task_reparent_to_init = cap_task_reparent_to_init,
.syslog = cap_syslog,
diff --git a/security/commoncap.c b/security/commoncap.c
index 852905789caf..e8c3f5e46705 100644
--- a/security/commoncap.c
+++ b/security/commoncap.c
@@ -24,11 +24,8 @@
#include <linux/hugetlb.h>
#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
-
-/* Global security state */
-
-unsigned securebits = SECUREBITS_DEFAULT; /* systemwide security settings */
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(securebits);
+#include <linux/prctl.h>
+#include <linux/securebits.h>
int cap_netlink_send(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb)
{
@@ -368,7 +365,7 @@ void cap_bprm_apply_creds (struct linux_binprm *bprm, int unsafe)
/* AUD: Audit candidate if current->cap_effective is set */
- current->keep_capabilities = 0;
+ current->securebits &= ~issecure_mask(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS);
}
int cap_bprm_secureexec (struct linux_binprm *bprm)
@@ -448,7 +445,7 @@ static inline void cap_emulate_setxuid (int old_ruid, int old_euid,
{
if ((old_ruid == 0 || old_euid == 0 || old_suid == 0) &&
(current->uid != 0 && current->euid != 0 && current->suid != 0) &&
- !current->keep_capabilities) {
+ !issecure(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS)) {
cap_clear (current->cap_permitted);
cap_clear (current->cap_effective);
}
@@ -547,7 +544,7 @@ int cap_task_setnice (struct task_struct *p, int nice)
* this task could get inconsistent info. There can be no
* racing writer bc a task can only change its own caps.
*/
-long cap_prctl_drop(unsigned long cap)
+static long cap_prctl_drop(unsigned long cap)
{
if (!capable(CAP_SETPCAP))
return -EPERM;
@@ -556,6 +553,7 @@ long cap_prctl_drop(unsigned long cap)
cap_lower(current->cap_bset, cap);
return 0;
}
+
#else
int cap_task_setscheduler (struct task_struct *p, int policy,
struct sched_param *lp)
@@ -572,12 +570,99 @@ int cap_task_setnice (struct task_struct *p, int nice)
}
#endif
+int cap_task_prctl(int option, unsigned long arg2, unsigned long arg3,
+ unsigned long arg4, unsigned long arg5, long *rc_p)
+{
+ long error = 0;
+
+ switch (option) {
+ case PR_CAPBSET_READ:
+ if (!cap_valid(arg2))
+ error = -EINVAL;
+ else
+ error = !!cap_raised(current->cap_bset, arg2);
+ break;
+#ifdef CONFIG_SECURITY_FILE_CAPABILITIES
+ case PR_CAPBSET_DROP:
+ error = cap_prctl_drop(arg2);
+ break;
+
+ /*
+ * The next four prctl's remain to assist with transitioning a
+ * system from legacy UID=0 based privilege (when filesystem
+ * capabilities are not in use) to a system using filesystem
+ * capabilities only - as the POSIX.1e draft intended.
+ *
+ * Note:
+ *
+ * PR_SET_SECUREBITS =
+ * issecure_mask(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS_LOCKED)
+ * | issecure_mask(SECURE_NOROOT)
+ * | issecure_mask(SECURE_NOROOT_LOCKED)
+ * | issecure_mask(SECURE_NO_SETUID_FIXUP)
+ * | issecure_mask(SECURE_NO_SETUID_FIXUP_LOCKED)
+ *
+ * will ensure that the current process and all of its
+ * children will be locked into a pure
+ * capability-based-privilege environment.
+ */
+ case PR_SET_SECUREBITS:
+ if ((((current->securebits & SECURE_ALL_LOCKS) >> 1)
+ & (current->securebits ^ arg2)) /*[1]*/
+ || ((current->securebits & SECURE_ALL_LOCKS
+ & ~arg2)) /*[2]*/
+ || (arg2 & ~(SECURE_ALL_LOCKS | SECURE_ALL_BITS)) /*[3]*/
+ || (cap_capable(current, CAP_SETPCAP) != 0)) { /*[4]*/
+ /*
+ * [1] no changing of bits that are locked
+ * [2] no unlocking of locks
+ * [3] no setting of unsupported bits
+ * [4] doing anything requires privilege (go read about
+ * the "sendmail capabilities bug")
+ */
+ error = -EPERM; /* cannot change a locked bit */
+ } else {
+ current->securebits = arg2;
+ }
+ break;
+ case PR_GET_SECUREBITS:
+ error = current->securebits;
+ break;
+
+#endif /* def CONFIG_SECURITY_FILE_CAPABILITIES */
+
+ case PR_GET_KEEPCAPS:
+ if (issecure(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS))
+ error = 1;
+ break;
+ case PR_SET_KEEPCAPS:
+ if (arg2 > 1) /* Note, we rely on arg2 being unsigned here */
+ error = -EINVAL;
+ else if (issecure(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS_LOCKED))
+ error = -EPERM;
+ else if (arg2)
+ current->securebits |= issecure_mask(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS);
+ else
+ current->securebits &=
+ ~issecure_mask(SECURE_KEEP_CAPS);
+ break;
+
+ default:
+ /* No functionality available - continue with default */
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ /* Functionality provided */
+ *rc_p = error;
+ return 1;
+}
+
void cap_task_reparent_to_init (struct task_struct *p)
{
cap_set_init_eff(p->cap_effective);
cap_clear(p->cap_inheritable);
cap_set_full(p->cap_permitted);
- p->keep_capabilities = 0;
+ p->securebits = SECUREBITS_DEFAULT;
return;
}
diff --git a/security/dummy.c b/security/dummy.c
index b0232bbf427b..58d4dd1af5c7 100644
--- a/security/dummy.c
+++ b/security/dummy.c
@@ -604,7 +604,7 @@ static int dummy_task_kill (struct task_struct *p, struct siginfo *info,
}
static int dummy_task_prctl (int option, unsigned long arg2, unsigned long arg3,
- unsigned long arg4, unsigned long arg5)
+ unsigned long arg4, unsigned long arg5, long *rc_p)
{
return 0;
}
diff --git a/security/security.c b/security/security.c
index 8a285c7b9962..d5cb5898d967 100644
--- a/security/security.c
+++ b/security/security.c
@@ -733,9 +733,9 @@ int security_task_wait(struct task_struct *p)
}
int security_task_prctl(int option, unsigned long arg2, unsigned long arg3,
- unsigned long arg4, unsigned long arg5)
+ unsigned long arg4, unsigned long arg5, long *rc_p)
{
- return security_ops->task_prctl(option, arg2, arg3, arg4, arg5);
+ return security_ops->task_prctl(option, arg2, arg3, arg4, arg5, rc_p);
}
void security_task_reparent_to_init(struct task_struct *p)
diff --git a/security/selinux/hooks.c b/security/selinux/hooks.c
index 308e2cf17d75..04acb5af8317 100644
--- a/security/selinux/hooks.c
+++ b/security/selinux/hooks.c
@@ -3303,12 +3303,13 @@ static int selinux_task_prctl(int option,
unsigned long arg2,
unsigned long arg3,
unsigned long arg4,
- unsigned long arg5)
+ unsigned long arg5,
+ long *rc_p)
{
/* The current prctl operations do not appear to require
any SELinux controls since they merely observe or modify
the state of the current process. */
- return 0;
+ return secondary_ops->task_prctl(option, arg2, arg3, arg4, arg5, rc_p);
}
static int selinux_task_wait(struct task_struct *p)

Privacy Policy