diff options
authorPetr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com>2016-12-14 15:05:58 -0800
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2016-12-14 16:04:08 -0800
commit34aaff40b42148b23dcde40152480e25c7d2d759 (patch)
parentd5d8d3d0d4adcc3aec6e2e0fb656165014a712b7 (diff)
kdb: call vkdb_printf() from vprintk_default() only when wanted
kdb_trap_printk allows to pass normal printk() messages to kdb via vkdb_printk(). For example, it is used to get backtrace using the classic show_stack(), see kdb_show_stack(). vkdb_printf() tries to avoid a potential infinite loop by disabling the trap. But this approach is racy, for example: CPU1 CPU2 vkdb_printf() // assume that kdb_trap_printk == 0 saved_trap_printk = kdb_trap_printk; kdb_trap_printk = 0; kdb_show_stack() kdb_trap_printk++; Problem1: Now, a nested printk() on CPU0 calls vkdb_printf() even when it should have been disabled. It will not cause a deadlock but... // using the outdated saved value: 0 kdb_trap_printk = saved_trap_printk; kdb_trap_printk--; Problem2: Now, kdb_trap_printk == -1 and will stay like this. It means that all messages will get passed to kdb from now on. This patch removes the racy saved_trap_printk handling. Instead, the recursion is prevented by a check for the locked CPU. The solution is still kind of racy. A non-related printk(), from another process, might get trapped by vkdb_printf(). And the wanted printk() might not get trapped because kdb_printf_cpu is assigned. But this problem existed even with the original code. A proper solution would be to get_cpu() before setting kdb_trap_printk and trap messages only from this CPU. I am not sure if it is worth the effort, though. In fact, the race is very theoretical. When kdb is running any of the commands that use kdb_trap_printk there is a single active CPU and the other CPUs should be in a holding pen inside kgdb_cpu_enter(). The only time this is violated is when there is a timeout waiting for the other CPUs to report to the holding pen. Finally, note that the situation is a bit schizophrenic. vkdb_printf() explicitly allows recursion but only from KDB code that calls kdb_printf() directly. On the other hand, the generic printk() recursion is not allowed because it might cause an infinite loop. This is why we could not hide the decision inside vkdb_printf() easily. Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1480412276-16690-4-git-send-email-pmladek@suse.com Signed-off-by: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.com> Cc: Daniel Thompson <daniel.thompson@linaro.org> Cc: Jason Wessel <jason.wessel@windriver.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3 files changed, 5 insertions, 8 deletions
diff --git a/include/linux/kdb.h b/include/linux/kdb.h
index eb706188dc23..68bd88223417 100644
--- a/include/linux/kdb.h
+++ b/include/linux/kdb.h
@@ -161,6 +161,7 @@ enum kdb_msgsrc {
extern int kdb_trap_printk;
+extern int kdb_printf_cpu;
extern __printf(2, 0) int vkdb_printf(enum kdb_msgsrc src, const char *fmt,
va_list args);
extern __printf(1, 2) int kdb_printf(const char *, ...);
diff --git a/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_io.c b/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_io.c
index daa76154fb1b..e74be38245ad 100644
--- a/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_io.c
+++ b/kernel/debug/kdb/kdb_io.c
@@ -30,6 +30,7 @@
char kdb_prompt_str[CMD_BUFLEN];
int kdb_trap_printk;
+int kdb_printf_cpu = -1;
static int kgdb_transition_check(char *buffer)
@@ -554,24 +555,19 @@ int vkdb_printf(enum kdb_msgsrc src, const char *fmt, va_list ap)
int linecount;
int colcount;
int logging, saved_loglevel = 0;
- int saved_trap_printk;
int retlen = 0;
int fnd, len;
int this_cpu, old_cpu;
- static int kdb_printf_cpu = -1;
char *cp, *cp2, *cphold = NULL, replaced_byte = ' ';
char *moreprompt = "more> ";
struct console *c = console_drivers;
unsigned long uninitialized_var(flags);
- local_irq_save(flags);
- saved_trap_printk = kdb_trap_printk;
- kdb_trap_printk = 0;
/* Serialize kdb_printf if multiple cpus try to write at once.
* But if any cpu goes recursive in kdb, just print the output,
* even if it is interleaved with any other text.
+ local_irq_save(flags);
this_cpu = smp_processor_id();
for (;;) {
old_cpu = cmpxchg(&kdb_printf_cpu, -1, this_cpu);
@@ -849,7 +845,6 @@ kdb_print_out:
console_loglevel = saved_loglevel;
/* kdb_printf_cpu locked the code above. */
smp_store_release(&kdb_printf_cpu, old_cpu);
- kdb_trap_printk = saved_trap_printk;
return retlen;
diff --git a/kernel/printk/printk.c b/kernel/printk/printk.c
index 577f2288d19f..a3ce35e0fa1e 100644
--- a/kernel/printk/printk.c
+++ b/kernel/printk/printk.c
@@ -1926,7 +1926,8 @@ int vprintk_default(const char *fmt, va_list args)
int r;
- if (unlikely(kdb_trap_printk)) {
+ /* Allow to pass printk() to kdb but avoid a recursion. */
+ if (unlikely(kdb_trap_printk && kdb_printf_cpu < 0)) {
r = vkdb_printf(KDB_MSGSRC_PRINTK, fmt, args);
return r;

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