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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2011-07-22 17:05:15 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2011-07-22 17:05:15 -0700
commit8e204874db000928e37199c2db82b7eb8966cc3c (patch)
treeeae66035cb761c3c5a79e98b92280b5156bc01ef /arch/x86/kernel
parent3e0b8df79ddb8955d2cce5e858972a9cfe763384 (diff)
parentaafade242ff24fac3aabf61c7861dfa44a3c2445 (diff)
Merge branch 'x86-vdso-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip
* 'x86-vdso-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip: x86-64, vdso: Do not allocate memory for the vDSO clocksource: Change __ARCH_HAS_CLOCKSOURCE_DATA to a CONFIG option x86, vdso: Drop now wrong comment Document the vDSO and add a reference parser ia64: Replace clocksource.fsys_mmio with generic arch data x86-64: Move vread_tsc and vread_hpet into the vDSO clocksource: Replace vread with generic arch data x86-64: Add --no-undefined to vDSO build x86-64: Allow alternative patching in the vDSO x86: Make alternative instruction pointers relative x86-64: Improve vsyscall emulation CS and RIP handling x86-64: Emulate legacy vsyscalls x86-64: Fill unused parts of the vsyscall page with 0xcc x86-64: Remove vsyscall number 3 (venosys) x86-64: Map the HPET NX x86-64: Remove kernel.vsyscall64 sysctl x86-64: Give vvars their own page x86-64: Document some of entry_64.S x86-64: Fix alignment of jiffies variable
Diffstat (limited to 'arch/x86/kernel')
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/Makefile8
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c23
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S4
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/hpet.c11
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/traps.c6
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/tsc.c2
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S49
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/vread_tsc_64.c36
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_64.c310
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_emu_64.S27
10 files changed, 216 insertions, 260 deletions
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile
index 11817ff85399..04105574c8e9 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile
@@ -24,17 +24,12 @@ endif
nostackp := $(call cc-option, -fno-stack-protector)
CFLAGS_vsyscall_64.o := $(PROFILING) -g0 $(nostackp)
CFLAGS_hpet.o := $(nostackp)
-CFLAGS_vread_tsc_64.o := $(nostackp)
CFLAGS_paravirt.o := $(nostackp)
GCOV_PROFILE_vsyscall_64.o := n
GCOV_PROFILE_hpet.o := n
GCOV_PROFILE_tsc.o := n
-GCOV_PROFILE_vread_tsc_64.o := n
GCOV_PROFILE_paravirt.o := n
-# vread_tsc_64 is hot and should be fully optimized:
-CFLAGS_REMOVE_vread_tsc_64.o = -pg -fno-optimize-sibling-calls
-
obj-y := process_$(BITS).o signal.o entry_$(BITS).o
obj-y += traps.o irq.o irq_$(BITS).o dumpstack_$(BITS).o
obj-y += time.o ioport.o ldt.o dumpstack.o
@@ -43,7 +38,8 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_IRQ_WORK) += irq_work.o
obj-y += probe_roms.o
obj-$(CONFIG_X86_32) += sys_i386_32.o i386_ksyms_32.o
obj-$(CONFIG_X86_64) += sys_x86_64.o x8664_ksyms_64.o
-obj-$(CONFIG_X86_64) += syscall_64.o vsyscall_64.o vread_tsc_64.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_X86_64) += syscall_64.o vsyscall_64.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_X86_64) += vsyscall_emu_64.o
obj-y += bootflag.o e820.o
obj-y += pci-dma.o quirks.o topology.o kdebugfs.o
obj-y += alternative.o i8253.o pci-nommu.o hw_breakpoint.o
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c b/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
index a81f2d52f869..c63822816249 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/alternative.c
@@ -14,7 +14,6 @@
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
#include <asm/mce.h>
#include <asm/nmi.h>
-#include <asm/vsyscall.h>
#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
@@ -250,7 +249,6 @@ static void __init_or_module add_nops(void *insns, unsigned int len)
extern struct alt_instr __alt_instructions[], __alt_instructions_end[];
extern s32 __smp_locks[], __smp_locks_end[];
-extern char __vsyscall_0;
void *text_poke_early(void *addr, const void *opcode, size_t len);
/* Replace instructions with better alternatives for this CPU type.
@@ -263,6 +261,7 @@ void __init_or_module apply_alternatives(struct alt_instr *start,
struct alt_instr *end)
{
struct alt_instr *a;
+ u8 *instr, *replacement;
u8 insnbuf[MAX_PATCH_LEN];
DPRINTK("%s: alt table %p -> %p\n", __func__, start, end);
@@ -276,25 +275,23 @@ void __init_or_module apply_alternatives(struct alt_instr *start,
* order.
*/
for (a = start; a < end; a++) {
- u8 *instr = a->instr;
+ instr = (u8 *)&a->instr_offset + a->instr_offset;
+ replacement = (u8 *)&a->repl_offset + a->repl_offset;
BUG_ON(a->replacementlen > a->instrlen);
BUG_ON(a->instrlen > sizeof(insnbuf));
BUG_ON(a->cpuid >= NCAPINTS*32);
if (!boot_cpu_has(a->cpuid))
continue;
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
- /* vsyscall code is not mapped yet. resolve it manually. */
- if (instr >= (u8 *)VSYSCALL_START && instr < (u8*)VSYSCALL_END) {
- instr = __va(instr - (u8*)VSYSCALL_START + (u8*)__pa_symbol(&__vsyscall_0));
- DPRINTK("%s: vsyscall fixup: %p => %p\n",
- __func__, a->instr, instr);
- }
-#endif
- memcpy(insnbuf, a->replacement, a->replacementlen);
+
+ memcpy(insnbuf, replacement, a->replacementlen);
+
+ /* 0xe8 is a relative jump; fix the offset. */
if (*insnbuf == 0xe8 && a->replacementlen == 5)
- *(s32 *)(insnbuf + 1) += a->replacement - a->instr;
+ *(s32 *)(insnbuf + 1) += replacement - instr;
+
add_nops(insnbuf + a->replacementlen,
a->instrlen - a->replacementlen);
+
text_poke_early(instr, insnbuf, a->instrlen);
}
}
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S b/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S
index 37e895a1c74d..e13329d800c8 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S
@@ -9,6 +9,8 @@
/*
* entry.S contains the system-call and fault low-level handling routines.
*
+ * Some of this is documented in Documentation/x86/entry_64.txt
+ *
* NOTE: This code handles signal-recognition, which happens every time
* after an interrupt and after each system call.
*
@@ -1109,6 +1111,8 @@ zeroentry spurious_interrupt_bug do_spurious_interrupt_bug
zeroentry coprocessor_error do_coprocessor_error
errorentry alignment_check do_alignment_check
zeroentry simd_coprocessor_error do_simd_coprocessor_error
+zeroentry emulate_vsyscall do_emulate_vsyscall
+
/* Reload gs selector with exception handling */
/* edi: new selector */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/hpet.c b/arch/x86/kernel/hpet.c
index 0f4b0651cd3f..4aecc54236a9 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/hpet.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/hpet.c
@@ -72,7 +72,7 @@ static inline void hpet_set_mapping(void)
{
hpet_virt_address = ioremap_nocache(hpet_address, HPET_MMAP_SIZE);
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
- __set_fixmap(VSYSCALL_HPET, hpet_address, PAGE_KERNEL_VSYSCALL_NOCACHE);
+ __set_fixmap(VSYSCALL_HPET, hpet_address, PAGE_KERNEL_VVAR_NOCACHE);
#endif
}
@@ -739,13 +739,6 @@ static cycle_t read_hpet(struct clocksource *cs)
return (cycle_t)hpet_readl(HPET_COUNTER);
}
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
-static cycle_t __vsyscall_fn vread_hpet(void)
-{
- return readl((const void __iomem *)fix_to_virt(VSYSCALL_HPET) + 0xf0);
-}
-#endif
-
static struct clocksource clocksource_hpet = {
.name = "hpet",
.rating = 250,
@@ -754,7 +747,7 @@ static struct clocksource clocksource_hpet = {
.flags = CLOCK_SOURCE_IS_CONTINUOUS,
.resume = hpet_resume_counter,
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
- .vread = vread_hpet,
+ .archdata = { .vclock_mode = VCLOCK_HPET },
#endif
};
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c b/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
index b9b67166f9de..fbc097a085ca 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
@@ -872,6 +872,12 @@ void __init trap_init(void)
set_bit(SYSCALL_VECTOR, used_vectors);
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+ BUG_ON(test_bit(VSYSCALL_EMU_VECTOR, used_vectors));
+ set_system_intr_gate(VSYSCALL_EMU_VECTOR, &emulate_vsyscall);
+ set_bit(VSYSCALL_EMU_VECTOR, used_vectors);
+#endif
+
/*
* Should be a barrier for any external CPU state:
*/
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/tsc.c b/arch/x86/kernel/tsc.c
index 6cc6922262af..56c633a5db72 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/tsc.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/tsc.c
@@ -777,7 +777,7 @@ static struct clocksource clocksource_tsc = {
.flags = CLOCK_SOURCE_IS_CONTINUOUS |
CLOCK_SOURCE_MUST_VERIFY,
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
- .vread = vread_tsc,
+ .archdata = { .vclock_mode = VCLOCK_TSC },
#endif
};
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S b/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
index 89aed99aafce..4aa9c54a9b76 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
@@ -161,50 +161,47 @@ SECTIONS
#define VVIRT_OFFSET (VSYSCALL_ADDR - __vsyscall_0)
#define VVIRT(x) (ADDR(x) - VVIRT_OFFSET)
-#define EMIT_VVAR(x, offset) .vsyscall_var_ ## x \
- ADDR(.vsyscall_0) + offset \
- : AT(VLOAD(.vsyscall_var_ ## x)) { \
- *(.vsyscall_var_ ## x) \
- } \
- x = VVIRT(.vsyscall_var_ ## x);
. = ALIGN(4096);
__vsyscall_0 = .;
. = VSYSCALL_ADDR;
- .vsyscall_0 : AT(VLOAD(.vsyscall_0)) {
+ .vsyscall : AT(VLOAD(.vsyscall)) {
*(.vsyscall_0)
- } :user
- . = ALIGN(L1_CACHE_BYTES);
- .vsyscall_fn : AT(VLOAD(.vsyscall_fn)) {
- *(.vsyscall_fn)
- }
-
- .vsyscall_1 ADDR(.vsyscall_0) + 1024: AT(VLOAD(.vsyscall_1)) {
+ . = 1024;
*(.vsyscall_1)
- }
- .vsyscall_2 ADDR(.vsyscall_0) + 2048: AT(VLOAD(.vsyscall_2)) {
- *(.vsyscall_2)
- }
- .vsyscall_3 ADDR(.vsyscall_0) + 3072: AT(VLOAD(.vsyscall_3)) {
- *(.vsyscall_3)
- }
-
-#define __VVAR_KERNEL_LDS
-#include <asm/vvar.h>
-#undef __VVAR_KERNEL_LDS
+ . = 2048;
+ *(.vsyscall_2)
- . = __vsyscall_0 + PAGE_SIZE;
+ . = 4096; /* Pad the whole page. */
+ } :user =0xcc
+ . = ALIGN(__vsyscall_0 + PAGE_SIZE, PAGE_SIZE);
#undef VSYSCALL_ADDR
#undef VLOAD_OFFSET
#undef VLOAD
#undef VVIRT_OFFSET
#undef VVIRT
+
+ __vvar_page = .;
+
+ .vvar : AT(ADDR(.vvar) - LOAD_OFFSET) {
+
+ /* Place all vvars at the offsets in asm/vvar.h. */
+#define EMIT_VVAR(name, offset) \
+ . = offset; \
+ *(.vvar_ ## name)
+#define __VVAR_KERNEL_LDS
+#include <asm/vvar.h>
+#undef __VVAR_KERNEL_LDS
#undef EMIT_VVAR
+ } :data
+
+ . = ALIGN(__vvar_page + PAGE_SIZE, PAGE_SIZE);
+
#endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */
/* Init code and data - will be freed after init */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/vread_tsc_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/vread_tsc_64.c
deleted file mode 100644
index a81aa9e9894c..000000000000
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/vread_tsc_64.c
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,36 +0,0 @@
-/* This code runs in userspace. */
-
-#define DISABLE_BRANCH_PROFILING
-#include <asm/vgtod.h>
-
-notrace cycle_t __vsyscall_fn vread_tsc(void)
-{
- cycle_t ret;
- u64 last;
-
- /*
- * Empirically, a fence (of type that depends on the CPU)
- * before rdtsc is enough to ensure that rdtsc is ordered
- * with respect to loads. The various CPU manuals are unclear
- * as to whether rdtsc can be reordered with later loads,
- * but no one has ever seen it happen.
- */
- rdtsc_barrier();
- ret = (cycle_t)vget_cycles();
-
- last = VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).clock.cycle_last;
-
- if (likely(ret >= last))
- return ret;
-
- /*
- * GCC likes to generate cmov here, but this branch is extremely
- * predictable (it's just a funciton of time and the likely is
- * very likely) and there's a data dependence, so force GCC
- * to generate a branch instead. I don't barrier() because
- * we don't actually need a barrier, and if this function
- * ever gets inlined it will generate worse code.
- */
- asm volatile ("");
- return last;
-}
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_64.c
index 3e682184d76c..dda7dff9cef7 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_64.c
@@ -2,6 +2,8 @@
* Copyright (C) 2001 Andrea Arcangeli <andrea@suse.de> SuSE
* Copyright 2003 Andi Kleen, SuSE Labs.
*
+ * [ NOTE: this mechanism is now deprecated in favor of the vDSO. ]
+ *
* Thanks to hpa@transmeta.com for some useful hint.
* Special thanks to Ingo Molnar for his early experience with
* a different vsyscall implementation for Linux/IA32 and for the name.
@@ -11,10 +13,9 @@
* vsyscalls. One vsyscall can reserve more than 1 slot to avoid
* jumping out of line if necessary. We cannot add more with this
* mechanism because older kernels won't return -ENOSYS.
- * If we want more than four we need a vDSO.
*
- * Note: the concept clashes with user mode linux. If you use UML and
- * want per guest time just set the kernel.vsyscall64 sysctl to 0.
+ * Note: the concept clashes with user mode linux. UML users should
+ * use the vDSO.
*/
/* Disable profiling for userspace code: */
@@ -32,9 +33,12 @@
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
+#include <linux/syscalls.h>
+#include <linux/ratelimit.h>
#include <asm/vsyscall.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
+#include <asm/compat.h>
#include <asm/page.h>
#include <asm/unistd.h>
#include <asm/fixmap.h>
@@ -44,16 +48,12 @@
#include <asm/desc.h>
#include <asm/topology.h>
#include <asm/vgtod.h>
-
-#define __vsyscall(nr) \
- __attribute__ ((unused, __section__(".vsyscall_" #nr))) notrace
-#define __syscall_clobber "r11","cx","memory"
+#include <asm/traps.h>
DEFINE_VVAR(int, vgetcpu_mode);
DEFINE_VVAR(struct vsyscall_gtod_data, vsyscall_gtod_data) =
{
.lock = __SEQLOCK_UNLOCKED(__vsyscall_gtod_data.lock),
- .sysctl_enabled = 1,
};
void update_vsyscall_tz(void)
@@ -72,179 +72,149 @@ void update_vsyscall(struct timespec *wall_time, struct timespec *wtm,
unsigned long flags;
write_seqlock_irqsave(&vsyscall_gtod_data.lock, flags);
+
/* copy vsyscall data */
- vsyscall_gtod_data.clock.vread = clock->vread;
- vsyscall_gtod_data.clock.cycle_last = clock->cycle_last;
- vsyscall_gtod_data.clock.mask = clock->mask;
- vsyscall_gtod_data.clock.mult = mult;
- vsyscall_gtod_data.clock.shift = clock->shift;
- vsyscall_gtod_data.wall_time_sec = wall_time->tv_sec;
- vsyscall_gtod_data.wall_time_nsec = wall_time->tv_nsec;
- vsyscall_gtod_data.wall_to_monotonic = *wtm;
- vsyscall_gtod_data.wall_time_coarse = __current_kernel_time();
+ vsyscall_gtod_data.clock.vclock_mode = clock->archdata.vclock_mode;
+ vsyscall_gtod_data.clock.cycle_last = clock->cycle_last;
+ vsyscall_gtod_data.clock.mask = clock->mask;
+ vsyscall_gtod_data.clock.mult = mult;
+ vsyscall_gtod_data.clock.shift = clock->shift;
+ vsyscall_gtod_data.wall_time_sec = wall_time->tv_sec;
+ vsyscall_gtod_data.wall_time_nsec = wall_time->tv_nsec;
+ vsyscall_gtod_data.wall_to_monotonic = *wtm;
+ vsyscall_gtod_data.wall_time_coarse = __current_kernel_time();
+
write_sequnlock_irqrestore(&vsyscall_gtod_data.lock, flags);
}
-/* RED-PEN may want to readd seq locking, but then the variable should be
- * write-once.
- */
-static __always_inline void do_get_tz(struct timezone * tz)
+static void warn_bad_vsyscall(const char *level, struct pt_regs *regs,
+ const char *message)
{
- *tz = VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).sys_tz;
-}
+ static DEFINE_RATELIMIT_STATE(rs, DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_INTERVAL, DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_BURST);
+ struct task_struct *tsk;
-static __always_inline int gettimeofday(struct timeval *tv, struct timezone *tz)
-{
- int ret;
- asm volatile("syscall"
- : "=a" (ret)
- : "0" (__NR_gettimeofday),"D" (tv),"S" (tz)
- : __syscall_clobber );
- return ret;
-}
+ if (!show_unhandled_signals || !__ratelimit(&rs))
+ return;
-static __always_inline long time_syscall(long *t)
-{
- long secs;
- asm volatile("syscall"
- : "=a" (secs)
- : "0" (__NR_time),"D" (t) : __syscall_clobber);
- return secs;
-}
+ tsk = current;
-static __always_inline void do_vgettimeofday(struct timeval * tv)
-{
- cycle_t now, base, mask, cycle_delta;
- unsigned seq;
- unsigned long mult, shift, nsec;
- cycle_t (*vread)(void);
- do {
- seq = read_seqbegin(&VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).lock);
-
- vread = VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).clock.vread;
- if (unlikely(!VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).sysctl_enabled ||
- !vread)) {
- gettimeofday(tv,NULL);
- return;
- }
-
- now = vread();
- base = VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).clock.cycle_last;
- mask = VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).clock.mask;
- mult = VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).clock.mult;
- shift = VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).clock.shift;
-
- tv->tv_sec = VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).wall_time_sec;
- nsec = VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).wall_time_nsec;
- } while (read_seqretry(&VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).lock, seq));
-
- /* calculate interval: */
- cycle_delta = (now - base) & mask;
- /* convert to nsecs: */
- nsec += (cycle_delta * mult) >> shift;
-
- while (nsec >= NSEC_PER_SEC) {
- tv->tv_sec += 1;
- nsec -= NSEC_PER_SEC;
- }
- tv->tv_usec = nsec / NSEC_PER_USEC;
+ printk("%s%s[%d] %s ip:%lx cs:%lx sp:%lx ax:%lx si:%lx di:%lx\n",
+ level, tsk->comm, task_pid_nr(tsk),
+ message, regs->ip - 2, regs->cs,
+ regs->sp, regs->ax, regs->si, regs->di);
}
-int __vsyscall(0) vgettimeofday(struct timeval * tv, struct timezone * tz)
+static int addr_to_vsyscall_nr(unsigned long addr)
{
- if (tv)
- do_vgettimeofday(tv);
- if (tz)
- do_get_tz(tz);
- return 0;
-}
+ int nr;
-/* This will break when the xtime seconds get inaccurate, but that is
- * unlikely */
-time_t __vsyscall(1) vtime(time_t *t)
-{
- unsigned seq;
- time_t result;
- if (unlikely(!VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).sysctl_enabled))
- return time_syscall(t);
+ if ((addr & ~0xC00UL) != VSYSCALL_START)
+ return -EINVAL;
- do {
- seq = read_seqbegin(&VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).lock);
+ nr = (addr & 0xC00UL) >> 10;
+ if (nr >= 3)
+ return -EINVAL;
- result = VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).wall_time_sec;
+ return nr;
+}
- } while (read_seqretry(&VVAR(vsyscall_gtod_data).lock, seq));
+void dotraplinkage do_emulate_vsyscall(struct pt_regs *regs, long error_code)
+{
+ struct task_struct *tsk;
+ unsigned long caller;
+ int vsyscall_nr;
+ long ret;
+
+ local_irq_enable();
+
+ /*
+ * Real 64-bit user mode code has cs == __USER_CS. Anything else
+ * is bogus.
+ */
+ if (regs->cs != __USER_CS) {
+ /*
+ * If we trapped from kernel mode, we might as well OOPS now
+ * instead of returning to some random address and OOPSing
+ * then.
+ */
+ BUG_ON(!user_mode(regs));
+
+ /* Compat mode and non-compat 32-bit CS should both segfault. */
+ warn_bad_vsyscall(KERN_WARNING, regs,
+ "illegal int 0xcc from 32-bit mode");
+ goto sigsegv;
+ }
- if (t)
- *t = result;
- return result;
-}
+ /*
+ * x86-ism here: regs->ip points to the instruction after the int 0xcc,
+ * and int 0xcc is two bytes long.
+ */
+ vsyscall_nr = addr_to_vsyscall_nr(regs->ip - 2);
+ if (vsyscall_nr < 0) {
+ warn_bad_vsyscall(KERN_WARNING, regs,
+ "illegal int 0xcc (exploit attempt?)");
+ goto sigsegv;
+ }
-/* Fast way to get current CPU and node.
- This helps to do per node and per CPU caches in user space.
- The result is not guaranteed without CPU affinity, but usually
- works out because the scheduler tries to keep a thread on the same
- CPU.
+ if (get_user(caller, (unsigned long __user *)regs->sp) != 0) {
+ warn_bad_vsyscall(KERN_WARNING, regs, "int 0xcc with bad stack (exploit attempt?)");
+ goto sigsegv;
+ }
- tcache must point to a two element sized long array.
- All arguments can be NULL. */
-long __vsyscall(2)
-vgetcpu(unsigned *cpu, unsigned *node, struct getcpu_cache *tcache)
-{
- unsigned int p;
- unsigned long j = 0;
-
- /* Fast cache - only recompute value once per jiffies and avoid
- relatively costly rdtscp/cpuid otherwise.
- This works because the scheduler usually keeps the process
- on the same CPU and this syscall doesn't guarantee its
- results anyways.
- We do this here because otherwise user space would do it on
- its own in a likely inferior way (no access to jiffies).
- If you don't like it pass NULL. */
- if (tcache && tcache->blob[0] == (j = VVAR(jiffies))) {
- p = tcache->blob[1];
- } else if (VVAR(vgetcpu_mode) == VGETCPU_RDTSCP) {
- /* Load per CPU data from RDTSCP */
- native_read_tscp(&p);
- } else {
- /* Load per CPU data from GDT */
- asm("lsl %1,%0" : "=r" (p) : "r" (__PER_CPU_SEG));
+ tsk = current;
+ if (seccomp_mode(&tsk->seccomp))
+ do_exit(SIGKILL);
+
+ switch (vsyscall_nr) {
+ case 0:
+ ret = sys_gettimeofday(
+ (struct timeval __user *)regs->di,
+ (struct timezone __user *)regs->si);
+ break;
+
+ case 1:
+ ret = sys_time((time_t __user *)regs->di);
+ break;
+
+ case 2:
+ ret = sys_getcpu((unsigned __user *)regs->di,
+ (unsigned __user *)regs->si,
+ 0);
+ break;
}
- if (tcache) {
- tcache->blob[0] = j;
- tcache->blob[1] = p;
+
+ if (ret == -EFAULT) {
+ /*
+ * Bad news -- userspace fed a bad pointer to a vsyscall.
+ *
+ * With a real vsyscall, that would have caused SIGSEGV.
+ * To make writing reliable exploits using the emulated
+ * vsyscalls harder, generate SIGSEGV here as well.
+ */
+ warn_bad_vsyscall(KERN_INFO, regs,
+ "vsyscall fault (exploit attempt?)");
+ goto sigsegv;
}
- if (cpu)
- *cpu = p & 0xfff;
- if (node)
- *node = p >> 12;
- return 0;
-}
-static long __vsyscall(3) venosys_1(void)
-{
- return -ENOSYS;
-}
+ regs->ax = ret;
-#ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL
-static ctl_table kernel_table2[] = {
- { .procname = "vsyscall64",
- .data = &vsyscall_gtod_data.sysctl_enabled, .maxlen = sizeof(int),
- .mode = 0644,
- .proc_handler = proc_dointvec },
- {}
-};
+ /* Emulate a ret instruction. */
+ regs->ip = caller;
+ regs->sp += 8;
-static ctl_table kernel_root_table2[] = {
- { .procname = "kernel", .mode = 0555,
- .child = kernel_table2 },
- {}
-};
-#endif
+ local_irq_disable();
+ return;
+
+sigsegv:
+ regs->ip -= 2; /* The faulting instruction should be the int 0xcc. */
+ force_sig(SIGSEGV, current);
+ local_irq_disable();
+}
-/* Assume __initcall executes before all user space. Hopefully kmod
- doesn't violate that. We'll find out if it does. */
+/*
+ * Assume __initcall executes before all user space. Hopefully kmod
+ * doesn't violate that. We'll find out if it does.
+ */
static void __cpuinit vsyscall_set_cpu(int cpu)
{
unsigned long d;
@@ -255,13 +225,15 @@ static void __cpuinit vsyscall_set_cpu(int cpu)
if (cpu_has(&cpu_data(cpu), X86_FEATURE_RDTSCP))
write_rdtscp_aux((node << 12) | cpu);
- /* Store cpu number in limit so that it can be loaded quickly
- in user space in vgetcpu.
- 12 bits for the CPU and 8 bits for the node. */
+ /*
+ * Store cpu number in limit so that it can be loaded quickly
+ * in user space in vgetcpu. (12 bits for the CPU and 8 bits for the node)
+ */
d = 0x0f40000000000ULL;
d |= cpu;
d |= (node & 0xf) << 12;
d |= (node >> 4) << 48;
+
write_gdt_entry(get_cpu_gdt_table(cpu), GDT_ENTRY_PER_CPU, &d, DESCTYPE_S);
}
@@ -275,8 +247,10 @@ static int __cpuinit
cpu_vsyscall_notifier(struct notifier_block *n, unsigned long action, void *arg)
{
long cpu = (long)arg;
+
if (action == CPU_ONLINE || action == CPU_ONLINE_FROZEN)
smp_call_function_single(cpu, cpu_vsyscall_init, NULL, 1);
+
return NOTIFY_DONE;
}
@@ -284,25 +258,23 @@ void __init map_vsyscall(void)
{
extern char __vsyscall_0;
unsigned long physaddr_page0 = __pa_symbol(&__vsyscall_0);
+ extern char __vvar_page;
+ unsigned long physaddr_vvar_page = __pa_symbol(&__vvar_page);
/* Note that VSYSCALL_MAPPED_PAGES must agree with the code below. */
__set_fixmap(VSYSCALL_FIRST_PAGE, physaddr_page0, PAGE_KERNEL_VSYSCALL);
+ __set_fixmap(VVAR_PAGE, physaddr_vvar_page, PAGE_KERNEL_VVAR);
+ BUILD_BUG_ON((unsigned long)__fix_to_virt(VVAR_PAGE) != (unsigned long)VVAR_ADDRESS);
}
static int __init vsyscall_init(void)
{
- BUG_ON(((unsigned long) &vgettimeofday !=
- VSYSCALL_ADDR(__NR_vgettimeofday)));
- BUG_ON((unsigned long) &vtime != VSYSCALL_ADDR(__NR_vtime));
- BUG_ON((VSYSCALL_ADDR(0) != __fix_to_virt(VSYSCALL_FIRST_PAGE)));
- BUG_ON((unsigned long) &vgetcpu != VSYSCALL_ADDR(__NR_vgetcpu));
-#ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL
- register_sysctl_table(kernel_root_table2);
-#endif
+ BUG_ON(VSYSCALL_ADDR(0) != __fix_to_virt(VSYSCALL_FIRST_PAGE));
+
on_each_cpu(cpu_vsyscall_init, NULL, 1);
/* notifier priority > KVM */
hotcpu_notifier(cpu_vsyscall_notifier, 30);
+
return 0;
}
-
__initcall(vsyscall_init);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_emu_64.S b/arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_emu_64.S
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ffa845eae5ca
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/vsyscall_emu_64.S
@@ -0,0 +1,27 @@
+/*
+ * vsyscall_emu_64.S: Vsyscall emulation page
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2011 Andy Lutomirski
+ *
+ * Subject to the GNU General Public License, version 2
+ */
+
+#include <linux/linkage.h>
+#include <asm/irq_vectors.h>
+
+/* The unused parts of the page are filled with 0xcc by the linker script. */
+
+.section .vsyscall_0, "a"
+ENTRY(vsyscall_0)
+ int $VSYSCALL_EMU_VECTOR
+END(vsyscall_0)
+
+.section .vsyscall_1, "a"
+ENTRY(vsyscall_1)
+ int $VSYSCALL_EMU_VECTOR
+END(vsyscall_1)
+
+.section .vsyscall_2, "a"
+ENTRY(vsyscall_2)
+ int $VSYSCALL_EMU_VECTOR
+END(vsyscall_2)

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