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authorBrent Casavant <bcasavan@sgi.com>2005-06-22 00:16:01 (GMT)
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>2005-06-22 01:46:32 (GMT)
commitd4c477ca5448f19afaaf6c0cfd655009ea9e614d (patch)
tree75571ad144ff904afbd39b1b24766461255396ac /drivers/sn
parente5d310b349b2cbcc0dab31139c92201f332695bb (diff)
[PATCH] ioc4: PCI bus speed detection
Several hardware features of SGI's IOC4 I/O controller chip require timing-related driver calculations dependent upon the PCI bus speed. This patch enables the core IOC4 driver code to detect the actual bus speed and store a value that can later be used by the IOC4 subdrivers as needed. Signed-off-by: Brent Casavant <bcasavan@sgi.com> Acked-by: Pat Gefre <pfg@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'drivers/sn')
-rw-r--r--drivers/sn/Kconfig2
-rw-r--r--drivers/sn/ioc4.c128
2 files changed, 129 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/sn/Kconfig b/drivers/sn/Kconfig
index 20f7515..13b8d24 100644
--- a/drivers/sn/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/sn/Kconfig
@@ -6,7 +6,7 @@ menu "SN Devices"
config SGI_IOC4
tristate "SGI IOC4 Base IO support"
- depends on IA64_GENERIC || IA64_SGI_SN2
+ depends on (IA64_GENERIC || IA64_SGI_SN2) && MMTIMER
default m
---help---
This option enables basic support for the SGI IOC4-based Base IO
diff --git a/drivers/sn/ioc4.c b/drivers/sn/ioc4.c
index 70862d7..ea75b3d 100644
--- a/drivers/sn/ioc4.c
+++ b/drivers/sn/ioc4.c
@@ -29,7 +29,26 @@
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/pci.h>
#include <linux/ioc4.h>
+#include <linux/mmtimer.h>
+#include <linux/rtc.h>
#include <linux/rwsem.h>
+#include <asm/sn/addrs.h>
+#include <asm/sn/clksupport.h>
+#include <asm/sn/shub_mmr.h>
+
+/***************
+ * Definitions *
+ ***************/
+
+/* Tweakable values */
+
+/* PCI bus speed detection/calibration */
+#define IOC4_CALIBRATE_COUNT 63 /* Calibration cycle period */
+#define IOC4_CALIBRATE_CYCLES 256 /* Average over this many cycles */
+#define IOC4_CALIBRATE_DISCARD 2 /* Discard first few cycles */
+#define IOC4_CALIBRATE_LOW_MHZ 25 /* Lower bound on bus speed sanity */
+#define IOC4_CALIBRATE_HIGH_MHZ 75 /* Upper bound on bus speed sanity */
+#define IOC4_CALIBRATE_DEFAULT_MHZ 66 /* Assumed if sanity check fails */
/************************
* Submodule management *
@@ -101,6 +120,112 @@ ioc4_unregister_submodule(struct ioc4_submodule *is)
* Device management *
*********************/
+#define IOC4_CALIBRATE_LOW_LIMIT \
+ (1000*IOC4_EXTINT_COUNT_DIVISOR/IOC4_CALIBRATE_LOW_MHZ)
+#define IOC4_CALIBRATE_HIGH_LIMIT \
+ (1000*IOC4_EXTINT_COUNT_DIVISOR/IOC4_CALIBRATE_HIGH_MHZ)
+#define IOC4_CALIBRATE_DEFAULT \
+ (1000*IOC4_EXTINT_COUNT_DIVISOR/IOC4_CALIBRATE_DEFAULT_MHZ)
+
+#define IOC4_CALIBRATE_END \
+ (IOC4_CALIBRATE_CYCLES + IOC4_CALIBRATE_DISCARD)
+
+#define IOC4_INT_OUT_MODE_TOGGLE 0x7 /* Toggle INT_OUT every COUNT+1 ticks */
+
+/* Determines external interrupt output clock period of the PCI bus an
+ * IOC4 is attached to. This value can be used to determine the PCI
+ * bus speed.
+ *
+ * IOC4 has a design feature that various internal timers are derived from
+ * the PCI bus clock. This causes IOC4 device drivers to need to take the
+ * bus speed into account when setting various register values (e.g. INT_OUT
+ * register COUNT field, UART divisors, etc). Since this information is
+ * needed by several subdrivers, it is determined by the main IOC4 driver,
+ * even though the following code utilizes external interrupt registers
+ * to perform the speed calculation.
+ */
+static void
+ioc4_clock_calibrate(struct ioc4_driver_data *idd)
+{
+ extern unsigned long sn_rtc_cycles_per_second;
+ union ioc4_int_out int_out;
+ union ioc4_gpcr gpcr;
+ unsigned int state, last_state = 1;
+ uint64_t start = 0, end, period;
+ unsigned int count = 0;
+
+ /* Enable output */
+ gpcr.raw = 0;
+ gpcr.fields.dir = IOC4_GPCR_DIR_0;
+ gpcr.fields.int_out_en = 1;
+ writel(gpcr.raw, &idd->idd_misc_regs->gpcr_s.raw);
+
+ /* Reset to power-on state */
+ writel(0, &idd->idd_misc_regs->int_out.raw);
+ mmiowb();
+
+ printk(KERN_INFO
+ "%s: Calibrating PCI bus speed "
+ "for pci_dev %s ... ", __FUNCTION__, pci_name(idd->idd_pdev));
+ /* Set up square wave */
+ int_out.raw = 0;
+ int_out.fields.count = IOC4_CALIBRATE_COUNT;
+ int_out.fields.mode = IOC4_INT_OUT_MODE_TOGGLE;
+ int_out.fields.diag = 0;
+ writel(int_out.raw, &idd->idd_misc_regs->int_out.raw);
+ mmiowb();
+
+ /* Check square wave period averaged over some number of cycles */
+ do {
+ int_out.raw = readl(&idd->idd_misc_regs->int_out.raw);
+ state = int_out.fields.int_out;
+ if (!last_state && state) {
+ count++;
+ if (count == IOC4_CALIBRATE_END) {
+ end = rtc_time();
+ break;
+ } else if (count == IOC4_CALIBRATE_DISCARD)
+ start = rtc_time();
+ }
+ last_state = state;
+ } while (1);
+
+ /* Calculation rearranged to preserve intermediate precision.
+ * Logically:
+ * 1. "end - start" gives us number of RTC cycles over all the
+ * square wave cycles measured.
+ * 2. Divide by number of square wave cycles to get number of
+ * RTC cycles per square wave cycle.
+ * 3. Divide by 2*(int_out.fields.count+1), which is the formula
+ * by which the IOC4 generates the square wave, to get the
+ * number of RTC cycles per IOC4 INT_OUT count.
+ * 4. Divide by sn_rtc_cycles_per_second to get seconds per
+ * count.
+ * 5. Multiply by 1E9 to get nanoseconds per count.
+ */
+ period = ((end - start) * 1000000000) /
+ (IOC4_CALIBRATE_CYCLES * 2 * (IOC4_CALIBRATE_COUNT + 1)
+ * sn_rtc_cycles_per_second);
+
+ /* Bounds check the result. */
+ if (period > IOC4_CALIBRATE_LOW_LIMIT ||
+ period < IOC4_CALIBRATE_HIGH_LIMIT) {
+ printk("failed. Assuming PCI clock ticks are %d ns.\n",
+ IOC4_CALIBRATE_DEFAULT / IOC4_EXTINT_COUNT_DIVISOR);
+ period = IOC4_CALIBRATE_DEFAULT;
+ } else {
+ printk("succeeded. PCI clock ticks are %ld ns.\n",
+ period / IOC4_EXTINT_COUNT_DIVISOR);
+ }
+
+ /* Remember results. We store the extint clock period rather
+ * than the PCI clock period so that greater precision is
+ * retained. Divide by IOC4_EXTINT_COUNT_DIVISOR to get
+ * PCI clock period.
+ */
+ idd->count_period = period;
+}
+
/* Adds a new instance of an IOC4 card */
static int
ioc4_probe(struct pci_dev *pdev, const struct pci_device_id *pci_id)
@@ -170,6 +295,9 @@ ioc4_probe(struct pci_dev *pdev, const struct pci_device_id *pci_id)
pci_write_config_dword(idd->idd_pdev, PCI_COMMAND,
pcmd | PCI_COMMAND_PARITY | PCI_COMMAND_SERR);
+ /* Determine PCI clock */
+ ioc4_clock_calibrate(idd);
+
/* Disable/clear all interrupts. Need to do this here lest
* one submodule request the shared IOC4 IRQ, but interrupt
* is generated by a different subdevice.

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