aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/drivers/xen
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
authorOleksandr Andrushchenko <oleksandr_andrushchenko@epam.com>2018-11-30 07:42:03 (GMT)
committerBoris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>2018-12-18 17:15:55 (GMT)
commitb3383974fee272ad0d444a2d083f456879447cd8 (patch)
tree22047f4cb44f44491497fb9e29ce6d812221652e /drivers/xen
parent1669907e3d1abfa3f7586e2d55dbbc117b5adba2 (diff)
xen: Introduce shared buffer helpers for page directory...
based frontends. Currently the frontends which implement similar code for sharing big buffers between frontend and backend are para-virtualized DRM and sound drivers. Both define the same way to share grant references of a data buffer with the corresponding backend with little differences. Move shared code into a helper module, so there is a single implementation of the same functionality for all. This patch introduces code which is used by sound and display frontend drivers without functional changes with the intention to remove shared code from the corresponding drivers. Signed-off-by: Oleksandr Andrushchenko <oleksandr_andrushchenko@epam.com> Acked-by: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Diffstat (limited to 'drivers/xen')
-rw-r--r--drivers/xen/Kconfig3
-rw-r--r--drivers/xen/Makefile1
-rw-r--r--drivers/xen/xen-front-pgdir-shbuf.c553
3 files changed, 557 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/drivers/xen/Kconfig b/drivers/xen/Kconfig
index 815b9e9..838b66a 100644
--- a/drivers/xen/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/xen/Kconfig
@@ -340,4 +340,7 @@ config XEN_SYMS
config XEN_HAVE_VPMU
bool
+config XEN_FRONT_PGDIR_SHBUF
+ tristate
+
endmenu
diff --git a/drivers/xen/Makefile b/drivers/xen/Makefile
index 3e542f6..c48927a 100644
--- a/drivers/xen/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/xen/Makefile
@@ -44,3 +44,4 @@ xen-gntdev-y := gntdev.o
xen-gntdev-$(CONFIG_XEN_GNTDEV_DMABUF) += gntdev-dmabuf.o
xen-gntalloc-y := gntalloc.o
xen-privcmd-y := privcmd.o privcmd-buf.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_XEN_FRONT_PGDIR_SHBUF) += xen-front-pgdir-shbuf.o
diff --git a/drivers/xen/xen-front-pgdir-shbuf.c b/drivers/xen/xen-front-pgdir-shbuf.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..48a658d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/xen/xen-front-pgdir-shbuf.c
@@ -0,0 +1,553 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 OR MIT
+
+/*
+ * Xen frontend/backend page directory based shared buffer
+ * helper module.
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2018 EPAM Systems Inc.
+ *
+ * Author: Oleksandr Andrushchenko <oleksandr_andrushchenko@epam.com>
+ */
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+
+#include <asm/xen/hypervisor.h>
+#include <xen/balloon.h>
+#include <xen/xen.h>
+#include <xen/xenbus.h>
+#include <xen/interface/io/ring.h>
+
+#include <xen/xen-front-pgdir-shbuf.h>
+
+#ifndef GRANT_INVALID_REF
+/*
+ * FIXME: usage of grant reference 0 as invalid grant reference:
+ * grant reference 0 is valid, but never exposed to a PV driver,
+ * because of the fact it is already in use/reserved by the PV console.
+ */
+#define GRANT_INVALID_REF 0
+#endif
+
+/**
+ * This structure represents the structure of a shared page
+ * that contains grant references to the pages of the shared
+ * buffer. This structure is common to many Xen para-virtualized
+ * protocols at include/xen/interface/io/
+ */
+struct xen_page_directory {
+ grant_ref_t gref_dir_next_page;
+ grant_ref_t gref[1]; /* Variable length */
+};
+
+/**
+ * Shared buffer ops which are differently implemented
+ * depending on the allocation mode, e.g. if the buffer
+ * is allocated by the corresponding backend or frontend.
+ * Some of the operations.
+ */
+struct xen_front_pgdir_shbuf_ops {
+ /*
+ * Calculate number of grefs required to handle this buffer,
+ * e.g. if grefs are required for page directory only or the buffer
+ * pages as well.
+ */
+ void (*calc_num_grefs)(struct xen_front_pgdir_shbuf *buf);
+
+ /* Fill page directory according to para-virtual display protocol. */
+ void (*fill_page_dir)(struct xen_front_pgdir_shbuf *buf);
+
+ /* Claim grant references for the pages of the buffer. */
+ int (*grant_refs_for_buffer)(struct xen_front_pgdir_shbuf *buf,
+ grant_ref_t *priv_gref_head, int gref_idx);
+
+ /* Map grant references of the buffer. */
+ int (*map)(struct xen_front_pgdir_shbuf *buf);
+
+ /* Unmap grant references of the buffer. */
+ int (*unmap)(struct xen_front_pgdir_shbuf *buf);
+};
+
+/**
+ * Get granted reference to the very first page of the
+ * page directory. Usually this is passed to the backend,
+ * so it can find/fill the grant references to the buffer's
+ * pages.
+ *
+ * \param buf shared buffer which page directory is of interest.
+ * \return granted reference to the very first page of the
+ * page directory.
+ */
+grant_ref_t
+xen_front_pgdir_shbuf_get_dir_start(struct xen_front_pgdir_shbuf *buf)
+{
+ if (!buf->grefs)
+ return GRANT_INVALID_REF;
+
+ return buf->grefs[0];
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xen_front_pgdir_shbuf_get_dir_start);
+
+/**
+ * Map granted references of the shared buffer.
+ *
+ * Depending on the shared buffer mode of allocation
+ * (be_alloc flag) this can either do nothing (for buffers
+ * shared by the frontend itself) or map the provided granted
+ * references onto the backing storage (buf->pages).
+ *
+ * \param buf shared buffer which grants to be maped.
+ * \return zero on success or a negative number on failure.
+ */
+int xen_front_pgdir_shbuf_map(struct xen_front_pgdir_shbuf *buf)
+{
+ if (buf->ops && buf->ops->map)
+ return buf->ops->map(buf);
+
+ /* No need to map own grant references. */
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xen_front_pgdir_shbuf_map);
+
+/**
+ * Unmap granted references of the shared buffer.
+ *
+ * Depending on the shared buffer mode of allocation
+ * (be_alloc flag) this can either do nothing (for buffers
+ * shared by the frontend itself) or unmap the provided granted
+ * references.
+ *
+ * \param buf shared buffer which grants to be unmaped.
+ * \return zero on success or a negative number on failure.
+ */
+int xen_front_pgdir_shbuf_unmap(struct xen_front_pgdir_shbuf *buf)
+{
+ if (buf->ops && buf->ops->unmap)
+ return buf->ops->unmap(buf);
+
+ /* No need to unmap own grant references. */
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xen_front_pgdir_shbuf_unmap);
+
+/**
+ * Free all the resources of the shared buffer.
+ *
+ * \param buf shared buffer which resources to be freed.
+ */
+void xen_front_pgdir_shbuf_free(struct xen_front_pgdir_shbuf *buf)
+{
+ if (buf->grefs) {
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < buf->num_grefs; i++)
+ if (buf->grefs[i] != GRANT_INVALID_REF)
+ gnttab_end_foreign_access(buf->grefs[i],
+ 0, 0UL);
+ }
+ kfree(buf->grefs);
+ kfree(buf->directory);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xen_front_pgdir_shbuf_free);
+
+/*
+ * Number of grefs a page can hold with respect to the
+ * struct xen_page_directory header.
+ */
+#define XEN_NUM_GREFS_PER_PAGE ((PAGE_SIZE - \
+ offsetof(struct xen_page_directory, \
+ gref)) / sizeof(grant_ref_t))
+
+/**
+ * Get the number of pages the page directory consumes itself.
+ *
+ * \param buf shared buffer.
+ */
+static int get_num_pages_dir(struct xen_front_pgdir_shbuf *buf)
+{
+ return DIV_ROUND_UP(buf->num_pages, XEN_NUM_GREFS_PER_PAGE);
+}
+
+/**
+ * Calculate the number of grant references needed to share the buffer
+ * and its pages when backend allocates the buffer.
+ *
+ * \param buf shared buffer.
+ */
+static void backend_calc_num_grefs(struct xen_front_pgdir_shbuf *buf)
+{
+ /* Only for pages the page directory consumes itself. */
+ buf->num_grefs = get_num_pages_dir(buf);
+}
+
+/**
+ * Calculate the number of grant references needed to share the buffer
+ * and its pages when frontend allocates the buffer.
+ *
+ * \param buf shared buffer.
+ */
+static void guest_calc_num_grefs(struct xen_front_pgdir_shbuf *buf)
+{
+ /*
+ * Number of pages the page directory consumes itself
+ * plus grefs for the buffer pages.
+ */
+ buf->num_grefs = get_num_pages_dir(buf) + buf->num_pages;
+}
+
+#define xen_page_to_vaddr(page) \
+ ((uintptr_t)pfn_to_kaddr(page_to_xen_pfn(page)))
+
+/**
+ * Unmap the buffer previously mapped with grant references
+ * provided by the backend.
+ *
+ * \param buf shared buffer.
+ * \return zero on success or a negative number on failure.
+ */
+static int backend_unmap(struct xen_front_pgdir_shbuf *buf)
+{
+ struct gnttab_unmap_grant_ref *unmap_ops;
+ int i, ret;
+
+ if (!buf->pages || !buf->backend_map_handles || !buf->grefs)
+ return 0;
+
+ unmap_ops = kcalloc(buf->num_pages, sizeof(*unmap_ops),
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!unmap_ops)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < buf->num_pages; i++) {
+ phys_addr_t addr;
+
+ addr = xen_page_to_vaddr(buf->pages[i]);
+ gnttab_set_unmap_op(&unmap_ops[i], addr, GNTMAP_host_map,
+ buf->backend_map_handles[i]);
+ }
+
+ ret = gnttab_unmap_refs(unmap_ops, NULL, buf->pages,
+ buf->num_pages);
+
+ for (i = 0; i < buf->num_pages; i++) {
+ if (unlikely(unmap_ops[i].status != GNTST_okay))
+ dev_err(&buf->xb_dev->dev,
+ "Failed to unmap page %d: %d\n",
+ i, unmap_ops[i].status);
+ }
+
+ if (ret)
+ dev_err(&buf->xb_dev->dev,
+ "Failed to unmap grant references, ret %d", ret);
+
+ kfree(unmap_ops);
+ kfree(buf->backend_map_handles);
+ buf->backend_map_handles = NULL;
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/**
+ * Map the buffer with grant references provided by the backend.
+ *
+ * \param buf shared buffer.
+ * \return zero on success or a negative number on failure.
+ */
+static int backend_map(struct xen_front_pgdir_shbuf *buf)
+{
+ struct gnttab_map_grant_ref *map_ops = NULL;
+ unsigned char *ptr;
+ int ret, cur_gref, cur_dir_page, cur_page, grefs_left;
+
+ map_ops = kcalloc(buf->num_pages, sizeof(*map_ops), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!map_ops)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ buf->backend_map_handles = kcalloc(buf->num_pages,
+ sizeof(*buf->backend_map_handles),
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!buf->backend_map_handles) {
+ kfree(map_ops);
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Read page directory to get grefs from the backend: for external
+ * buffer we only allocate buf->grefs for the page directory,
+ * so buf->num_grefs has number of pages in the page directory itself.
+ */
+ ptr = buf->directory;
+ grefs_left = buf->num_pages;
+ cur_page = 0;
+ for (cur_dir_page = 0; cur_dir_page < buf->num_grefs; cur_dir_page++) {
+ struct xen_page_directory *page_dir =
+ (struct xen_page_directory *)ptr;
+ int to_copy = XEN_NUM_GREFS_PER_PAGE;
+
+ if (to_copy > grefs_left)
+ to_copy = grefs_left;
+
+ for (cur_gref = 0; cur_gref < to_copy; cur_gref++) {
+ phys_addr_t addr;
+
+ addr = xen_page_to_vaddr(buf->pages[cur_page]);
+ gnttab_set_map_op(&map_ops[cur_page], addr,
+ GNTMAP_host_map,
+ page_dir->gref[cur_gref],
+ buf->xb_dev->otherend_id);
+ cur_page++;
+ }
+
+ grefs_left -= to_copy;
+ ptr += PAGE_SIZE;
+ }
+ ret = gnttab_map_refs(map_ops, NULL, buf->pages, buf->num_pages);
+
+ /* Save handles even if error, so we can unmap. */
+ for (cur_page = 0; cur_page < buf->num_pages; cur_page++) {
+ buf->backend_map_handles[cur_page] = map_ops[cur_page].handle;
+ if (unlikely(map_ops[cur_page].status != GNTST_okay))
+ dev_err(&buf->xb_dev->dev,
+ "Failed to map page %d: %d\n",
+ cur_page, map_ops[cur_page].status);
+ }
+
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&buf->xb_dev->dev,
+ "Failed to map grant references, ret %d", ret);
+ backend_unmap(buf);
+ }
+
+ kfree(map_ops);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/**
+ * Fill page directory with grant references to the pages of the
+ * page directory itself.
+ *
+ * The grant references to the buffer pages are provided by the
+ * backend in this case.
+ *
+ * \param buf shared buffer.
+ */
+static void backend_fill_page_dir(struct xen_front_pgdir_shbuf *buf)
+{
+ struct xen_page_directory *page_dir;
+ unsigned char *ptr;
+ int i, num_pages_dir;
+
+ ptr = buf->directory;
+ num_pages_dir = get_num_pages_dir(buf);
+
+ /* Fill only grefs for the page directory itself. */
+ for (i = 0; i < num_pages_dir - 1; i++) {
+ page_dir = (struct xen_page_directory *)ptr;
+
+ page_dir->gref_dir_next_page = buf->grefs[i + 1];
+ ptr += PAGE_SIZE;
+ }
+ /* Last page must say there is no more pages. */
+ page_dir = (struct xen_page_directory *)ptr;
+ page_dir->gref_dir_next_page = GRANT_INVALID_REF;
+}
+
+/**
+ * Fill page directory with grant references to the pages of the
+ * page directory and the buffer we share with the backend.
+ *
+ * \param buf shared buffer.
+ */
+static void guest_fill_page_dir(struct xen_front_pgdir_shbuf *buf)
+{
+ unsigned char *ptr;
+ int cur_gref, grefs_left, to_copy, i, num_pages_dir;
+
+ ptr = buf->directory;
+ num_pages_dir = get_num_pages_dir(buf);
+
+ /*
+ * While copying, skip grefs at start, they are for pages
+ * granted for the page directory itself.
+ */
+ cur_gref = num_pages_dir;
+ grefs_left = buf->num_pages;
+ for (i = 0; i < num_pages_dir; i++) {
+ struct xen_page_directory *page_dir =
+ (struct xen_page_directory *)ptr;
+
+ if (grefs_left <= XEN_NUM_GREFS_PER_PAGE) {
+ to_copy = grefs_left;
+ page_dir->gref_dir_next_page = GRANT_INVALID_REF;
+ } else {
+ to_copy = XEN_NUM_GREFS_PER_PAGE;
+ page_dir->gref_dir_next_page = buf->grefs[i + 1];
+ }
+ memcpy(&page_dir->gref, &buf->grefs[cur_gref],
+ to_copy * sizeof(grant_ref_t));
+ ptr += PAGE_SIZE;
+ grefs_left -= to_copy;
+ cur_gref += to_copy;
+ }
+}
+
+/**
+ * Grant references to the frontend's buffer pages.
+ *
+ * These will be shared with the backend, so it can
+ * access the buffer's data.
+ *
+ * \param buf shared buffer.
+ * \return zero on success or a negative number on failure.
+ */
+static int guest_grant_refs_for_buffer(struct xen_front_pgdir_shbuf *buf,
+ grant_ref_t *priv_gref_head,
+ int gref_idx)
+{
+ int i, cur_ref, otherend_id;
+
+ otherend_id = buf->xb_dev->otherend_id;
+ for (i = 0; i < buf->num_pages; i++) {
+ cur_ref = gnttab_claim_grant_reference(priv_gref_head);
+ if (cur_ref < 0)
+ return cur_ref;
+
+ gnttab_grant_foreign_access_ref(cur_ref, otherend_id,
+ xen_page_to_gfn(buf->pages[i]),
+ 0);
+ buf->grefs[gref_idx++] = cur_ref;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * Grant all the references needed to share the buffer.
+ *
+ * Grant references to the page directory pages and, if
+ * needed, also to the pages of the shared buffer data.
+ *
+ * \param buf shared buffer.
+ * \return zero on success or a negative number on failure.
+ */
+static int grant_references(struct xen_front_pgdir_shbuf *buf)
+{
+ grant_ref_t priv_gref_head;
+ int ret, i, j, cur_ref;
+ int otherend_id, num_pages_dir;
+
+ ret = gnttab_alloc_grant_references(buf->num_grefs, &priv_gref_head);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ dev_err(&buf->xb_dev->dev,
+ "Cannot allocate grant references\n");
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ otherend_id = buf->xb_dev->otherend_id;
+ j = 0;
+ num_pages_dir = get_num_pages_dir(buf);
+ for (i = 0; i < num_pages_dir; i++) {
+ unsigned long frame;
+
+ cur_ref = gnttab_claim_grant_reference(&priv_gref_head);
+ if (cur_ref < 0)
+ return cur_ref;
+
+ frame = xen_page_to_gfn(virt_to_page(buf->directory +
+ PAGE_SIZE * i));
+ gnttab_grant_foreign_access_ref(cur_ref, otherend_id, frame, 0);
+ buf->grefs[j++] = cur_ref;
+ }
+
+ if (buf->ops->grant_refs_for_buffer) {
+ ret = buf->ops->grant_refs_for_buffer(buf, &priv_gref_head, j);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ gnttab_free_grant_references(priv_gref_head);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/**
+ * Allocate all required structures to mange shared buffer.
+ *
+ * \param buf shared buffer.
+ * \return zero on success or a negative number on failure.
+ */
+static int alloc_storage(struct xen_front_pgdir_shbuf *buf)
+{
+ buf->grefs = kcalloc(buf->num_grefs, sizeof(*buf->grefs), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!buf->grefs)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ buf->directory = kcalloc(get_num_pages_dir(buf), PAGE_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!buf->directory)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * For backend allocated buffers we don't need grant_refs_for_buffer
+ * as those grant references are allocated at backend side.
+ */
+static const struct xen_front_pgdir_shbuf_ops backend_ops = {
+ .calc_num_grefs = backend_calc_num_grefs,
+ .fill_page_dir = backend_fill_page_dir,
+ .map = backend_map,
+ .unmap = backend_unmap
+};
+
+/*
+ * For locally granted references we do not need to map/unmap
+ * the references.
+ */
+static const struct xen_front_pgdir_shbuf_ops local_ops = {
+ .calc_num_grefs = guest_calc_num_grefs,
+ .fill_page_dir = guest_fill_page_dir,
+ .grant_refs_for_buffer = guest_grant_refs_for_buffer,
+};
+
+/**
+ * Allocate a new instance of a shared buffer.
+ *
+ * \param cfg configuration to be used while allocating a new shared buffer.
+ * \return zero on success or a negative number on failure.
+ */
+int xen_front_pgdir_shbuf_alloc(struct xen_front_pgdir_shbuf_cfg *cfg)
+{
+ struct xen_front_pgdir_shbuf *buf = cfg->pgdir;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (cfg->be_alloc)
+ buf->ops = &backend_ops;
+ else
+ buf->ops = &local_ops;
+ buf->xb_dev = cfg->xb_dev;
+ buf->num_pages = cfg->num_pages;
+ buf->pages = cfg->pages;
+
+ buf->ops->calc_num_grefs(buf);
+
+ ret = alloc_storage(buf);
+ if (ret)
+ goto fail;
+
+ ret = grant_references(buf);
+ if (ret)
+ goto fail;
+
+ buf->ops->fill_page_dir(buf);
+
+ return 0;
+
+fail:
+ xen_front_pgdir_shbuf_free(buf);
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xen_front_pgdir_shbuf_alloc);
+
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Xen frontend/backend page directory based "
+ "shared buffer handling");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Oleksandr Andrushchenko");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");

Privacy Policy