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authorPaul Menage <menage@google.com>2007-10-18 23:39:32 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@woody.linux-foundation.org>2007-10-19 11:53:36 -0700
commitbbcb81d09104f0d440974b994c1fc508ccbe9503 (patch)
tree6d9ef3e2c611bb0a8f63519196f7bd7725b7ea1a /kernel/cgroup.c
parentddbcc7e8e50aefe467c01cac3dec71f118cd8ac2 (diff)
Task Control Groups: add tasks file interface
Add the per-directory "tasks" file for cgroupfs mounts; this allows the user to determine which tasks are members of a cgroup by reading a cgroup's "tasks", and to move a task into a cgroup by writing its pid to its "tasks". Signed-off-by: Paul Menage <menage@google.com> Cc: Serge E. Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <haveblue@us.ibm.com> Cc: Balbir Singh <balbir@in.ibm.com> Cc: Paul Jackson <pj@sgi.com> Cc: Kirill Korotaev <dev@openvz.org> Cc: Herbert Poetzl <herbert@13thfloor.at> Cc: Srivatsa Vaddagiri <vatsa@in.ibm.com> Cc: Cedric Le Goater <clg@fr.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel/cgroup.c')
-rw-r--r--kernel/cgroup.c359
1 files changed, 358 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/cgroup.c b/kernel/cgroup.c
index 6ba857bec71b..356c40d5d20a 100644
--- a/kernel/cgroup.c
+++ b/kernel/cgroup.c
@@ -40,7 +40,7 @@
#include <linux/magic.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
-
+#include <linux/sort.h>
#include <asm/atomic.h>
/* Generate an array of cgroup subsystem pointers */
@@ -700,6 +700,127 @@ int cgroup_path(const struct cgroup *cont, char *buf, int buflen)
return 0;
}
+/*
+ * Return the first subsystem attached to a cgroup's hierarchy, and
+ * its subsystem id.
+ */
+
+static void get_first_subsys(const struct cgroup *cont,
+ struct cgroup_subsys_state **css, int *subsys_id)
+{
+ const struct cgroupfs_root *root = cont->root;
+ const struct cgroup_subsys *test_ss;
+ BUG_ON(list_empty(&root->subsys_list));
+ test_ss = list_entry(root->subsys_list.next,
+ struct cgroup_subsys, sibling);
+ if (css) {
+ *css = cont->subsys[test_ss->subsys_id];
+ BUG_ON(!*css);
+ }
+ if (subsys_id)
+ *subsys_id = test_ss->subsys_id;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Attach task 'tsk' to cgroup 'cont'
+ *
+ * Call holding cgroup_mutex. May take task_lock of
+ * the task 'pid' during call.
+ */
+static int attach_task(struct cgroup *cont, struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+ int retval = 0;
+ struct cgroup_subsys *ss;
+ struct cgroup *oldcont;
+ struct css_set *cg = &tsk->cgroups;
+ struct cgroupfs_root *root = cont->root;
+ int i;
+ int subsys_id;
+
+ get_first_subsys(cont, NULL, &subsys_id);
+
+ /* Nothing to do if the task is already in that cgroup */
+ oldcont = task_cgroup(tsk, subsys_id);
+ if (cont == oldcont)
+ return 0;
+
+ for_each_subsys(root, ss) {
+ if (ss->can_attach) {
+ retval = ss->can_attach(ss, cont, tsk);
+ if (retval) {
+ return retval;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+
+ task_lock(tsk);
+ if (tsk->flags & PF_EXITING) {
+ task_unlock(tsk);
+ return -ESRCH;
+ }
+ /* Update the css_set pointers for the subsystems in this
+ * hierarchy */
+ for (i = 0; i < CGROUP_SUBSYS_COUNT; i++) {
+ if (root->subsys_bits & (1ull << i)) {
+ /* Subsystem is in this hierarchy. So we want
+ * the subsystem state from the new
+ * cgroup. Transfer the refcount from the
+ * old to the new */
+ atomic_inc(&cont->count);
+ atomic_dec(&cg->subsys[i]->cgroup->count);
+ rcu_assign_pointer(cg->subsys[i], cont->subsys[i]);
+ }
+ }
+ task_unlock(tsk);
+
+ for_each_subsys(root, ss) {
+ if (ss->attach) {
+ ss->attach(ss, cont, oldcont, tsk);
+ }
+ }
+
+ synchronize_rcu();
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Attach task with pid 'pid' to cgroup 'cont'. Call with
+ * cgroup_mutex, may take task_lock of task
+ */
+static int attach_task_by_pid(struct cgroup *cont, char *pidbuf)
+{
+ pid_t pid;
+ struct task_struct *tsk;
+ int ret;
+
+ if (sscanf(pidbuf, "%d", &pid) != 1)
+ return -EIO;
+
+ if (pid) {
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ tsk = find_task_by_pid(pid);
+ if (!tsk || tsk->flags & PF_EXITING) {
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ return -ESRCH;
+ }
+ get_task_struct(tsk);
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+
+ if ((current->euid) && (current->euid != tsk->uid)
+ && (current->euid != tsk->suid)) {
+ put_task_struct(tsk);
+ return -EACCES;
+ }
+ } else {
+ tsk = current;
+ get_task_struct(tsk);
+ }
+
+ ret = attach_task(cont, tsk);
+ put_task_struct(tsk);
+ return ret;
+}
+
/* The various types of files and directories in a cgroup file system */
enum cgroup_filetype {
@@ -708,6 +829,55 @@ enum cgroup_filetype {
FILE_TASKLIST,
};
+static ssize_t cgroup_common_file_write(struct cgroup *cont,
+ struct cftype *cft,
+ struct file *file,
+ const char __user *userbuf,
+ size_t nbytes, loff_t *unused_ppos)
+{
+ enum cgroup_filetype type = cft->private;
+ char *buffer;
+ int retval = 0;
+
+ if (nbytes >= PATH_MAX)
+ return -E2BIG;
+
+ /* +1 for nul-terminator */
+ buffer = kmalloc(nbytes + 1, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (buffer == NULL)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ if (copy_from_user(buffer, userbuf, nbytes)) {
+ retval = -EFAULT;
+ goto out1;
+ }
+ buffer[nbytes] = 0; /* nul-terminate */
+
+ mutex_lock(&cgroup_mutex);
+
+ if (cgroup_is_removed(cont)) {
+ retval = -ENODEV;
+ goto out2;
+ }
+
+ switch (type) {
+ case FILE_TASKLIST:
+ retval = attach_task_by_pid(cont, buffer);
+ break;
+ default:
+ retval = -EINVAL;
+ goto out2;
+ }
+
+ if (retval == 0)
+ retval = nbytes;
+out2:
+ mutex_unlock(&cgroup_mutex);
+out1:
+ kfree(buffer);
+ return retval;
+}
+
static ssize_t cgroup_file_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
size_t nbytes, loff_t *ppos)
{
@@ -914,6 +1084,189 @@ int cgroup_add_files(struct cgroup *cont,
return 0;
}
+/* Count the number of tasks in a cgroup. Could be made more
+ * time-efficient but less space-efficient with more linked lists
+ * running through each cgroup and the css_set structures that
+ * referenced it. Must be called with tasklist_lock held for read or
+ * write or in an rcu critical section.
+ */
+int __cgroup_task_count(const struct cgroup *cont)
+{
+ int count = 0;
+ struct task_struct *g, *p;
+ struct cgroup_subsys_state *css;
+ int subsys_id;
+
+ get_first_subsys(cont, &css, &subsys_id);
+ do_each_thread(g, p) {
+ if (task_subsys_state(p, subsys_id) == css)
+ count ++;
+ } while_each_thread(g, p);
+ return count;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Stuff for reading the 'tasks' file.
+ *
+ * Reading this file can return large amounts of data if a cgroup has
+ * *lots* of attached tasks. So it may need several calls to read(),
+ * but we cannot guarantee that the information we produce is correct
+ * unless we produce it entirely atomically.
+ *
+ * Upon tasks file open(), a struct ctr_struct is allocated, that
+ * will have a pointer to an array (also allocated here). The struct
+ * ctr_struct * is stored in file->private_data. Its resources will
+ * be freed by release() when the file is closed. The array is used
+ * to sprintf the PIDs and then used by read().
+ */
+struct ctr_struct {
+ char *buf;
+ int bufsz;
+};
+
+/*
+ * Load into 'pidarray' up to 'npids' of the tasks using cgroup
+ * 'cont'. Return actual number of pids loaded. No need to
+ * task_lock(p) when reading out p->cgroup, since we're in an RCU
+ * read section, so the css_set can't go away, and is
+ * immutable after creation.
+ */
+static int pid_array_load(pid_t *pidarray, int npids, struct cgroup *cont)
+{
+ int n = 0;
+ struct task_struct *g, *p;
+ struct cgroup_subsys_state *css;
+ int subsys_id;
+
+ get_first_subsys(cont, &css, &subsys_id);
+ rcu_read_lock();
+ do_each_thread(g, p) {
+ if (task_subsys_state(p, subsys_id) == css) {
+ pidarray[n++] = pid_nr(task_pid(p));
+ if (unlikely(n == npids))
+ goto array_full;
+ }
+ } while_each_thread(g, p);
+
+array_full:
+ rcu_read_unlock();
+ return n;
+}
+
+static int cmppid(const void *a, const void *b)
+{
+ return *(pid_t *)a - *(pid_t *)b;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Convert array 'a' of 'npids' pid_t's to a string of newline separated
+ * decimal pids in 'buf'. Don't write more than 'sz' chars, but return
+ * count 'cnt' of how many chars would be written if buf were large enough.
+ */
+static int pid_array_to_buf(char *buf, int sz, pid_t *a, int npids)
+{
+ int cnt = 0;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < npids; i++)
+ cnt += snprintf(buf + cnt, max(sz - cnt, 0), "%d\n", a[i]);
+ return cnt;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Handle an open on 'tasks' file. Prepare a buffer listing the
+ * process id's of tasks currently attached to the cgroup being opened.
+ *
+ * Does not require any specific cgroup mutexes, and does not take any.
+ */
+static int cgroup_tasks_open(struct inode *unused, struct file *file)
+{
+ struct cgroup *cont = __d_cont(file->f_dentry->d_parent);
+ struct ctr_struct *ctr;
+ pid_t *pidarray;
+ int npids;
+ char c;
+
+ if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_READ))
+ return 0;
+
+ ctr = kmalloc(sizeof(*ctr), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!ctr)
+ goto err0;
+
+ /*
+ * If cgroup gets more users after we read count, we won't have
+ * enough space - tough. This race is indistinguishable to the
+ * caller from the case that the additional cgroup users didn't
+ * show up until sometime later on.
+ */
+ npids = cgroup_task_count(cont);
+ if (npids) {
+ pidarray = kmalloc(npids * sizeof(pid_t), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!pidarray)
+ goto err1;
+
+ npids = pid_array_load(pidarray, npids, cont);
+ sort(pidarray, npids, sizeof(pid_t), cmppid, NULL);
+
+ /* Call pid_array_to_buf() twice, first just to get bufsz */
+ ctr->bufsz = pid_array_to_buf(&c, sizeof(c), pidarray, npids) + 1;
+ ctr->buf = kmalloc(ctr->bufsz, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!ctr->buf)
+ goto err2;
+ ctr->bufsz = pid_array_to_buf(ctr->buf, ctr->bufsz, pidarray, npids);
+
+ kfree(pidarray);
+ } else {
+ ctr->buf = 0;
+ ctr->bufsz = 0;
+ }
+ file->private_data = ctr;
+ return 0;
+
+err2:
+ kfree(pidarray);
+err1:
+ kfree(ctr);
+err0:
+ return -ENOMEM;
+}
+
+static ssize_t cgroup_tasks_read(struct cgroup *cont,
+ struct cftype *cft,
+ struct file *file, char __user *buf,
+ size_t nbytes, loff_t *ppos)
+{
+ struct ctr_struct *ctr = file->private_data;
+
+ return simple_read_from_buffer(buf, nbytes, ppos, ctr->buf, ctr->bufsz);
+}
+
+static int cgroup_tasks_release(struct inode *unused_inode,
+ struct file *file)
+{
+ struct ctr_struct *ctr;
+
+ if (file->f_mode & FMODE_READ) {
+ ctr = file->private_data;
+ kfree(ctr->buf);
+ kfree(ctr);
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * for the common functions, 'private' gives the type of file
+ */
+static struct cftype cft_tasks = {
+ .name = "tasks",
+ .open = cgroup_tasks_open,
+ .read = cgroup_tasks_read,
+ .write = cgroup_common_file_write,
+ .release = cgroup_tasks_release,
+ .private = FILE_TASKLIST,
+};
+
static int cgroup_populate_dir(struct cgroup *cont)
{
int err;
@@ -922,6 +1275,10 @@ static int cgroup_populate_dir(struct cgroup *cont)
/* First clear out any existing files */
cgroup_clear_directory(cont->dentry);
+ err = cgroup_add_file(cont, NULL, &cft_tasks);
+ if (err < 0)
+ return err;
+
for_each_subsys(cont->root, ss) {
if (ss->populate && (err = ss->populate(ss, cont)) < 0)
return err;

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