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authorPaul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>2008-01-25 21:08:24 +0100
committerIngo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>2008-01-25 21:08:24 +0100
commit01c1c660f4b8086cad7a62345fd04290f3d82c8f (patch)
treebd09ab1fc3f9e267b1ea78f1a41b121175e1585a /kernel/rcuclassic.c
parentc2d727aa2ff17a1c8e5ed1e5e231bb8579b27e82 (diff)
Preempt-RCU: reorganize RCU code into rcuclassic.c and rcupdate.c
This patch re-organizes the RCU code to enable multiple implementations of RCU. Users of RCU continues to include rcupdate.h and the RCU interfaces remain the same. This is in preparation for subsequently merging the preemptible RCU implementation. Signed-off-by: Gautham R Shenoy <ego@in.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Dipankar Sarma <dipankar@in.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel/rcuclassic.c')
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcuclassic.c576
1 files changed, 576 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/rcuclassic.c b/kernel/rcuclassic.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..18369e3386e2
--- /dev/null
+++ b/kernel/rcuclassic.c
@@ -0,0 +1,576 @@
+/*
+ * Read-Copy Update mechanism for mutual exclusion
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
+ *
+ * Copyright IBM Corporation, 2001
+ *
+ * Authors: Dipankar Sarma <dipankar@in.ibm.com>
+ * Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com>
+ *
+ * Based on the original work by Paul McKenney <paulmck@us.ibm.com>
+ * and inputs from Rusty Russell, Andrea Arcangeli and Andi Kleen.
+ * Papers:
+ * http://www.rdrop.com/users/paulmck/paper/rclockpdcsproof.pdf
+ * http://lse.sourceforge.net/locking/rclock_OLS.2001.05.01c.sc.pdf (OLS2001)
+ *
+ * For detailed explanation of Read-Copy Update mechanism see -
+ * Documentation/RCU
+ *
+ */
+#include <linux/types.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
+#include <linux/smp.h>
+#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <linux/sched.h>
+#include <asm/atomic.h>
+#include <linux/bitops.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/completion.h>
+#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
+#include <linux/percpu.h>
+#include <linux/notifier.h>
+/* #include <linux/rcupdate.h> @@@ */
+#include <linux/cpu.h>
+#include <linux/mutex.h>
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC
+static struct lock_class_key rcu_lock_key;
+struct lockdep_map rcu_lock_map =
+ STATIC_LOCKDEP_MAP_INIT("rcu_read_lock", &rcu_lock_key);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_lock_map);
+#endif
+
+
+/* Definition for rcupdate control block. */
+static struct rcu_ctrlblk rcu_ctrlblk = {
+ .cur = -300,
+ .completed = -300,
+ .lock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(&rcu_ctrlblk.lock),
+ .cpumask = CPU_MASK_NONE,
+};
+static struct rcu_ctrlblk rcu_bh_ctrlblk = {
+ .cur = -300,
+ .completed = -300,
+ .lock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(&rcu_bh_ctrlblk.lock),
+ .cpumask = CPU_MASK_NONE,
+};
+
+DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct rcu_data, rcu_data) = { 0L };
+DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct rcu_data, rcu_bh_data) = { 0L };
+
+static int blimit = 10;
+static int qhimark = 10000;
+static int qlowmark = 100;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+static void force_quiescent_state(struct rcu_data *rdp,
+ struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp)
+{
+ int cpu;
+ cpumask_t cpumask;
+ set_need_resched();
+ if (unlikely(!rcp->signaled)) {
+ rcp->signaled = 1;
+ /*
+ * Don't send IPI to itself. With irqs disabled,
+ * rdp->cpu is the current cpu.
+ */
+ cpumask = rcp->cpumask;
+ cpu_clear(rdp->cpu, cpumask);
+ for_each_cpu_mask(cpu, cpumask)
+ smp_send_reschedule(cpu);
+ }
+}
+#else
+static inline void force_quiescent_state(struct rcu_data *rdp,
+ struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp)
+{
+ set_need_resched();
+}
+#endif
+
+/**
+ * call_rcu - Queue an RCU callback for invocation after a grace period.
+ * @head: structure to be used for queueing the RCU updates.
+ * @func: actual update function to be invoked after the grace period
+ *
+ * The update function will be invoked some time after a full grace
+ * period elapses, in other words after all currently executing RCU
+ * read-side critical sections have completed. RCU read-side critical
+ * sections are delimited by rcu_read_lock() and rcu_read_unlock(),
+ * and may be nested.
+ */
+void call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head,
+ void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu))
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ struct rcu_data *rdp;
+
+ head->func = func;
+ head->next = NULL;
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ rdp = &__get_cpu_var(rcu_data);
+ *rdp->nxttail = head;
+ rdp->nxttail = &head->next;
+ if (unlikely(++rdp->qlen > qhimark)) {
+ rdp->blimit = INT_MAX;
+ force_quiescent_state(rdp, &rcu_ctrlblk);
+ }
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(call_rcu);
+
+/**
+ * call_rcu_bh - Queue an RCU for invocation after a quicker grace period.
+ * @head: structure to be used for queueing the RCU updates.
+ * @func: actual update function to be invoked after the grace period
+ *
+ * The update function will be invoked some time after a full grace
+ * period elapses, in other words after all currently executing RCU
+ * read-side critical sections have completed. call_rcu_bh() assumes
+ * that the read-side critical sections end on completion of a softirq
+ * handler. This means that read-side critical sections in process
+ * context must not be interrupted by softirqs. This interface is to be
+ * used when most of the read-side critical sections are in softirq context.
+ * RCU read-side critical sections are delimited by rcu_read_lock() and
+ * rcu_read_unlock(), * if in interrupt context or rcu_read_lock_bh()
+ * and rcu_read_unlock_bh(), if in process context. These may be nested.
+ */
+void call_rcu_bh(struct rcu_head *head,
+ void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu))
+{
+ unsigned long flags;
+ struct rcu_data *rdp;
+
+ head->func = func;
+ head->next = NULL;
+ local_irq_save(flags);
+ rdp = &__get_cpu_var(rcu_bh_data);
+ *rdp->nxttail = head;
+ rdp->nxttail = &head->next;
+
+ if (unlikely(++rdp->qlen > qhimark)) {
+ rdp->blimit = INT_MAX;
+ force_quiescent_state(rdp, &rcu_bh_ctrlblk);
+ }
+
+ local_irq_restore(flags);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(call_rcu_bh);
+
+/*
+ * Return the number of RCU batches processed thus far. Useful
+ * for debug and statistics.
+ */
+long rcu_batches_completed(void)
+{
+ return rcu_ctrlblk.completed;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_batches_completed);
+
+/*
+ * Return the number of RCU batches processed thus far. Useful
+ * for debug and statistics.
+ */
+long rcu_batches_completed_bh(void)
+{
+ return rcu_bh_ctrlblk.completed;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_batches_completed_bh);
+
+/* Raises the softirq for processing rcu_callbacks. */
+static inline void raise_rcu_softirq(void)
+{
+ raise_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ);
+ /*
+ * The smp_mb() here is required to ensure that this cpu's
+ * __rcu_process_callbacks() reads the most recently updated
+ * value of rcu->cur.
+ */
+ smp_mb();
+}
+
+/*
+ * Invoke the completed RCU callbacks. They are expected to be in
+ * a per-cpu list.
+ */
+static void rcu_do_batch(struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+ struct rcu_head *next, *list;
+ int count = 0;
+
+ list = rdp->donelist;
+ while (list) {
+ next = list->next;
+ prefetch(next);
+ list->func(list);
+ list = next;
+ if (++count >= rdp->blimit)
+ break;
+ }
+ rdp->donelist = list;
+
+ local_irq_disable();
+ rdp->qlen -= count;
+ local_irq_enable();
+ if (rdp->blimit == INT_MAX && rdp->qlen <= qlowmark)
+ rdp->blimit = blimit;
+
+ if (!rdp->donelist)
+ rdp->donetail = &rdp->donelist;
+ else
+ raise_rcu_softirq();
+}
+
+/*
+ * Grace period handling:
+ * The grace period handling consists out of two steps:
+ * - A new grace period is started.
+ * This is done by rcu_start_batch. The start is not broadcasted to
+ * all cpus, they must pick this up by comparing rcp->cur with
+ * rdp->quiescbatch. All cpus are recorded in the
+ * rcu_ctrlblk.cpumask bitmap.
+ * - All cpus must go through a quiescent state.
+ * Since the start of the grace period is not broadcasted, at least two
+ * calls to rcu_check_quiescent_state are required:
+ * The first call just notices that a new grace period is running. The
+ * following calls check if there was a quiescent state since the beginning
+ * of the grace period. If so, it updates rcu_ctrlblk.cpumask. If
+ * the bitmap is empty, then the grace period is completed.
+ * rcu_check_quiescent_state calls rcu_start_batch(0) to start the next grace
+ * period (if necessary).
+ */
+/*
+ * Register a new batch of callbacks, and start it up if there is currently no
+ * active batch and the batch to be registered has not already occurred.
+ * Caller must hold rcu_ctrlblk.lock.
+ */
+static void rcu_start_batch(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp)
+{
+ if (rcp->next_pending &&
+ rcp->completed == rcp->cur) {
+ rcp->next_pending = 0;
+ /*
+ * next_pending == 0 must be visible in
+ * __rcu_process_callbacks() before it can see new value of cur.
+ */
+ smp_wmb();
+ rcp->cur++;
+
+ /*
+ * Accessing nohz_cpu_mask before incrementing rcp->cur needs a
+ * Barrier Otherwise it can cause tickless idle CPUs to be
+ * included in rcp->cpumask, which will extend graceperiods
+ * unnecessarily.
+ */
+ smp_mb();
+ cpus_andnot(rcp->cpumask, cpu_online_map, nohz_cpu_mask);
+
+ rcp->signaled = 0;
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * cpu went through a quiescent state since the beginning of the grace period.
+ * Clear it from the cpu mask and complete the grace period if it was the last
+ * cpu. Start another grace period if someone has further entries pending
+ */
+static void cpu_quiet(int cpu, struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp)
+{
+ cpu_clear(cpu, rcp->cpumask);
+ if (cpus_empty(rcp->cpumask)) {
+ /* batch completed ! */
+ rcp->completed = rcp->cur;
+ rcu_start_batch(rcp);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check if the cpu has gone through a quiescent state (say context
+ * switch). If so and if it already hasn't done so in this RCU
+ * quiescent cycle, then indicate that it has done so.
+ */
+static void rcu_check_quiescent_state(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp,
+ struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+ if (rdp->quiescbatch != rcp->cur) {
+ /* start new grace period: */
+ rdp->qs_pending = 1;
+ rdp->passed_quiesc = 0;
+ rdp->quiescbatch = rcp->cur;
+ return;
+ }
+
+ /* Grace period already completed for this cpu?
+ * qs_pending is checked instead of the actual bitmap to avoid
+ * cacheline trashing.
+ */
+ if (!rdp->qs_pending)
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * Was there a quiescent state since the beginning of the grace
+ * period? If no, then exit and wait for the next call.
+ */
+ if (!rdp->passed_quiesc)
+ return;
+ rdp->qs_pending = 0;
+
+ spin_lock(&rcp->lock);
+ /*
+ * rdp->quiescbatch/rcp->cur and the cpu bitmap can come out of sync
+ * during cpu startup. Ignore the quiescent state.
+ */
+ if (likely(rdp->quiescbatch == rcp->cur))
+ cpu_quiet(rdp->cpu, rcp);
+
+ spin_unlock(&rcp->lock);
+}
+
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU
+
+/* warning! helper for rcu_offline_cpu. do not use elsewhere without reviewing
+ * locking requirements, the list it's pulling from has to belong to a cpu
+ * which is dead and hence not processing interrupts.
+ */
+static void rcu_move_batch(struct rcu_data *this_rdp, struct rcu_head *list,
+ struct rcu_head **tail)
+{
+ local_irq_disable();
+ *this_rdp->nxttail = list;
+ if (list)
+ this_rdp->nxttail = tail;
+ local_irq_enable();
+}
+
+static void __rcu_offline_cpu(struct rcu_data *this_rdp,
+ struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+ /* if the cpu going offline owns the grace period
+ * we can block indefinitely waiting for it, so flush
+ * it here
+ */
+ spin_lock_bh(&rcp->lock);
+ if (rcp->cur != rcp->completed)
+ cpu_quiet(rdp->cpu, rcp);
+ spin_unlock_bh(&rcp->lock);
+ rcu_move_batch(this_rdp, rdp->curlist, rdp->curtail);
+ rcu_move_batch(this_rdp, rdp->nxtlist, rdp->nxttail);
+ rcu_move_batch(this_rdp, rdp->donelist, rdp->donetail);
+}
+
+static void rcu_offline_cpu(int cpu)
+{
+ struct rcu_data *this_rdp = &get_cpu_var(rcu_data);
+ struct rcu_data *this_bh_rdp = &get_cpu_var(rcu_bh_data);
+
+ __rcu_offline_cpu(this_rdp, &rcu_ctrlblk,
+ &per_cpu(rcu_data, cpu));
+ __rcu_offline_cpu(this_bh_rdp, &rcu_bh_ctrlblk,
+ &per_cpu(rcu_bh_data, cpu));
+ put_cpu_var(rcu_data);
+ put_cpu_var(rcu_bh_data);
+}
+
+#else
+
+static void rcu_offline_cpu(int cpu)
+{
+}
+
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * This does the RCU processing work from softirq context.
+ */
+static void __rcu_process_callbacks(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp,
+ struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+ if (rdp->curlist && !rcu_batch_before(rcp->completed, rdp->batch)) {
+ *rdp->donetail = rdp->curlist;
+ rdp->donetail = rdp->curtail;
+ rdp->curlist = NULL;
+ rdp->curtail = &rdp->curlist;
+ }
+
+ if (rdp->nxtlist && !rdp->curlist) {
+ local_irq_disable();
+ rdp->curlist = rdp->nxtlist;
+ rdp->curtail = rdp->nxttail;
+ rdp->nxtlist = NULL;
+ rdp->nxttail = &rdp->nxtlist;
+ local_irq_enable();
+
+ /*
+ * start the next batch of callbacks
+ */
+
+ /* determine batch number */
+ rdp->batch = rcp->cur + 1;
+ /* see the comment and corresponding wmb() in
+ * the rcu_start_batch()
+ */
+ smp_rmb();
+
+ if (!rcp->next_pending) {
+ /* and start it/schedule start if it's a new batch */
+ spin_lock(&rcp->lock);
+ rcp->next_pending = 1;
+ rcu_start_batch(rcp);
+ spin_unlock(&rcp->lock);
+ }
+ }
+
+ rcu_check_quiescent_state(rcp, rdp);
+ if (rdp->donelist)
+ rcu_do_batch(rdp);
+}
+
+static void rcu_process_callbacks(struct softirq_action *unused)
+{
+ __rcu_process_callbacks(&rcu_ctrlblk, &__get_cpu_var(rcu_data));
+ __rcu_process_callbacks(&rcu_bh_ctrlblk, &__get_cpu_var(rcu_bh_data));
+}
+
+static int __rcu_pending(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+ /* This cpu has pending rcu entries and the grace period
+ * for them has completed.
+ */
+ if (rdp->curlist && !rcu_batch_before(rcp->completed, rdp->batch))
+ return 1;
+
+ /* This cpu has no pending entries, but there are new entries */
+ if (!rdp->curlist && rdp->nxtlist)
+ return 1;
+
+ /* This cpu has finished callbacks to invoke */
+ if (rdp->donelist)
+ return 1;
+
+ /* The rcu core waits for a quiescent state from the cpu */
+ if (rdp->quiescbatch != rcp->cur || rdp->qs_pending)
+ return 1;
+
+ /* nothing to do */
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check to see if there is any immediate RCU-related work to be done
+ * by the current CPU, returning 1 if so. This function is part of the
+ * RCU implementation; it is -not- an exported member of the RCU API.
+ */
+int rcu_pending(int cpu)
+{
+ return __rcu_pending(&rcu_ctrlblk, &per_cpu(rcu_data, cpu)) ||
+ __rcu_pending(&rcu_bh_ctrlblk, &per_cpu(rcu_bh_data, cpu));
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check to see if any future RCU-related work will need to be done
+ * by the current CPU, even if none need be done immediately, returning
+ * 1 if so. This function is part of the RCU implementation; it is -not-
+ * an exported member of the RCU API.
+ */
+int rcu_needs_cpu(int cpu)
+{
+ struct rcu_data *rdp = &per_cpu(rcu_data, cpu);
+ struct rcu_data *rdp_bh = &per_cpu(rcu_bh_data, cpu);
+
+ return (!!rdp->curlist || !!rdp_bh->curlist || rcu_pending(cpu));
+}
+
+void rcu_check_callbacks(int cpu, int user)
+{
+ if (user ||
+ (idle_cpu(cpu) && !in_softirq() &&
+ hardirq_count() <= (1 << HARDIRQ_SHIFT))) {
+ rcu_qsctr_inc(cpu);
+ rcu_bh_qsctr_inc(cpu);
+ } else if (!in_softirq())
+ rcu_bh_qsctr_inc(cpu);
+ raise_rcu_softirq();
+}
+
+static void rcu_init_percpu_data(int cpu, struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp,
+ struct rcu_data *rdp)
+{
+ memset(rdp, 0, sizeof(*rdp));
+ rdp->curtail = &rdp->curlist;
+ rdp->nxttail = &rdp->nxtlist;
+ rdp->donetail = &rdp->donelist;
+ rdp->quiescbatch = rcp->completed;
+ rdp->qs_pending = 0;
+ rdp->cpu = cpu;
+ rdp->blimit = blimit;
+}
+
+static void __cpuinit rcu_online_cpu(int cpu)
+{
+ struct rcu_data *rdp = &per_cpu(rcu_data, cpu);
+ struct rcu_data *bh_rdp = &per_cpu(rcu_bh_data, cpu);
+
+ rcu_init_percpu_data(cpu, &rcu_ctrlblk, rdp);
+ rcu_init_percpu_data(cpu, &rcu_bh_ctrlblk, bh_rdp);
+ open_softirq(RCU_SOFTIRQ, rcu_process_callbacks, NULL);
+}
+
+static int __cpuinit rcu_cpu_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
+ unsigned long action, void *hcpu)
+{
+ long cpu = (long)hcpu;
+
+ switch (action) {
+ case CPU_UP_PREPARE:
+ case CPU_UP_PREPARE_FROZEN:
+ rcu_online_cpu(cpu);
+ break;
+ case CPU_DEAD:
+ case CPU_DEAD_FROZEN:
+ rcu_offline_cpu(cpu);
+ break;
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+ return NOTIFY_OK;
+}
+
+static struct notifier_block __cpuinitdata rcu_nb = {
+ .notifier_call = rcu_cpu_notify,
+};
+
+/*
+ * Initializes rcu mechanism. Assumed to be called early.
+ * That is before local timer(SMP) or jiffie timer (uniproc) is setup.
+ * Note that rcu_qsctr and friends are implicitly
+ * initialized due to the choice of ``0'' for RCU_CTR_INVALID.
+ */
+void __init __rcu_init(void)
+{
+ rcu_cpu_notify(&rcu_nb, CPU_UP_PREPARE,
+ (void *)(long)smp_processor_id());
+ /* Register notifier for non-boot CPUs */
+ register_cpu_notifier(&rcu_nb);
+}
+
+module_param(blimit, int, 0);
+module_param(qhimark, int, 0);
+module_param(qlowmark, int, 0);

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