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authorPaul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>2008-08-05 09:21:44 -0700
committerIngo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>2008-08-15 16:08:47 +0200
commit1f7b94cd3d564901f9e04a8bc5832ae7bfd690a0 (patch)
tree32da3db422dd590cadd879bf6e5f8c5aa7b2a2a2 /kernel/rcuclassic.c
parent293a17ebc944c958e24e6ffbd1d5a49abdbf489e (diff)
rcu: classic RCU locking and memory-barrier cleanups
This patch simplifies the locking and memory-barrier usage in the Classic RCU grace-period-detection mechanism, incorporating Lai Jiangshan's feedback from the earlier version (http://lkml.org/lkml/2008/8/1/400 and http://lkml.org/lkml/2008/8/3/43). Passed 10 hours of rcutorture concurrent with CPUs being put online and taken offline on a 128-hardware-thread Power machine. My apologies to whoever in the Eastern Hemisphere was planning to use this machine over the Western Hemisphere night, but it was sitting idle and... So this is ready for tip/core/rcu. This patch is in preparation for moving to a hierarchical algorithm to allow the very large SMP machines -- requested by some people at OLS, and there seem to have been a few recent patches in the 4096-CPU direction as well. The general idea is to move to a much more conservative concurrency design, then apply a hierarchy to reduce contention on the global lock by a few orders of magnitude (larger machines would see greater reductions). The reason for taking a conservative approach is that this code isn't on any fast path. Prototype in progress. This patch is against the linux-tip git tree (tip/core/rcu). If you wish to test this against 2.6.26, use the following set of patches: http://www.rdrop.com/users/paulmck/patches/2.6.26-ljsimp-1.patch http://www.rdrop.com/users/paulmck/patches/2.6.26-ljsimpfix-3.patch The first patch combines commits 5127bed588a2f8f3a1f732de2a8a190b7df5dce3 and 3cac97cbb14aed00d83eb33d4613b0fe3aaea863 from Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>, and the second patch contains my changes. Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel/rcuclassic.c')
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcuclassic.c51
1 files changed, 41 insertions, 10 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/rcuclassic.c b/kernel/rcuclassic.c
index dab2676d9d72..5de126630b10 100644
--- a/kernel/rcuclassic.c
+++ b/kernel/rcuclassic.c
@@ -87,6 +87,7 @@ static void force_quiescent_state(struct rcu_data *rdp,
int cpu;
cpumask_t cpumask;
set_need_resched();
+ spin_lock(&rcp->lock);
if (unlikely(!rcp->signaled)) {
rcp->signaled = 1;
/*
@@ -112,6 +113,7 @@ static void force_quiescent_state(struct rcu_data *rdp,
for_each_cpu_mask_nr(cpu, cpumask)
smp_send_reschedule(cpu);
}
+ spin_unlock(&rcp->lock);
}
#else
static inline void force_quiescent_state(struct rcu_data *rdp,
@@ -125,7 +127,9 @@ static void __call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head, struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp,
struct rcu_data *rdp)
{
long batch;
- smp_mb(); /* reads the most recently updated value of rcu->cur. */
+
+ head->next = NULL;
+ smp_mb(); /* Read of rcu->cur must happen after any change by caller. */
/*
* Determine the batch number of this callback.
@@ -175,7 +179,6 @@ void call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head,
unsigned long flags;
head->func = func;
- head->next = NULL;
local_irq_save(flags);
__call_rcu(head, &rcu_ctrlblk, &__get_cpu_var(rcu_data));
local_irq_restore(flags);
@@ -204,7 +207,6 @@ void call_rcu_bh(struct rcu_head *head,
unsigned long flags;
head->func = func;
- head->next = NULL;
local_irq_save(flags);
__call_rcu(head, &rcu_bh_ctrlblk, &__get_cpu_var(rcu_bh_data));
local_irq_restore(flags);
@@ -467,17 +469,17 @@ static void rcu_move_batch(struct rcu_data *this_rdp, struct rcu_head *list,
static void __rcu_offline_cpu(struct rcu_data *this_rdp,
struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
{
- /* if the cpu going offline owns the grace period
+ /*
+ * if the cpu going offline owns the grace period
* we can block indefinitely waiting for it, so flush
* it here
*/
spin_lock_bh(&rcp->lock);
if (rcp->cur != rcp->completed)
cpu_quiet(rdp->cpu, rcp);
- spin_unlock_bh(&rcp->lock);
- /* spin_lock implies smp_mb() */
rcu_move_batch(this_rdp, rdp->donelist, rdp->donetail, rcp->cur + 1);
rcu_move_batch(this_rdp, rdp->nxtlist, rdp->nxttail[2], rcp->cur + 1);
+ spin_unlock_bh(&rcp->lock);
local_irq_disable();
this_rdp->qlen += rdp->qlen;
@@ -511,16 +513,19 @@ static void rcu_offline_cpu(int cpu)
static void __rcu_process_callbacks(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp,
struct rcu_data *rdp)
{
+ long completed_snap;
+
if (rdp->nxtlist) {
local_irq_disable();
+ completed_snap = ACCESS_ONCE(rcp->completed);
/*
* move the other grace-period-completed entries to
* [rdp->nxtlist, *rdp->nxttail[0]) temporarily
*/
- if (!rcu_batch_before(rcp->completed, rdp->batch))
+ if (!rcu_batch_before(completed_snap, rdp->batch))
rdp->nxttail[0] = rdp->nxttail[1] = rdp->nxttail[2];
- else if (!rcu_batch_before(rcp->completed, rdp->batch - 1))
+ else if (!rcu_batch_before(completed_snap, rdp->batch - 1))
rdp->nxttail[0] = rdp->nxttail[1];
/*
@@ -561,8 +566,24 @@ static void __rcu_process_callbacks(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp,
static void rcu_process_callbacks(struct softirq_action *unused)
{
+ /*
+ * Memory references from any prior RCU read-side critical sections
+ * executed by the interrupted code must be see before any RCU
+ * grace-period manupulations below.
+ */
+
+ smp_mb(); /* See above block comment. */
+
__rcu_process_callbacks(&rcu_ctrlblk, &__get_cpu_var(rcu_data));
__rcu_process_callbacks(&rcu_bh_ctrlblk, &__get_cpu_var(rcu_bh_data));
+
+ /*
+ * Memory references from any later RCU read-side critical sections
+ * executed by the interrupted code must be see after any RCU
+ * grace-period manupulations above.
+ */
+
+ smp_mb(); /* See above block comment. */
}
static int __rcu_pending(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
@@ -571,13 +592,15 @@ static int __rcu_pending(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
check_cpu_stall(rcp, rdp);
if (rdp->nxtlist) {
+ long completed_snap = ACCESS_ONCE(rcp->completed);
+
/*
* This cpu has pending rcu entries and the grace period
* for them has completed.
*/
- if (!rcu_batch_before(rcp->completed, rdp->batch))
+ if (!rcu_batch_before(completed_snap, rdp->batch))
return 1;
- if (!rcu_batch_before(rcp->completed, rdp->batch - 1) &&
+ if (!rcu_batch_before(completed_snap, rdp->batch - 1) &&
rdp->nxttail[0] != rdp->nxttail[1])
return 1;
if (rdp->nxttail[0] != &rdp->nxtlist)
@@ -628,6 +651,12 @@ int rcu_needs_cpu(int cpu)
return !!rdp->nxtlist || !!rdp_bh->nxtlist || rcu_pending(cpu);
}
+/*
+ * Top-level function driving RCU grace-period detection, normally
+ * invoked from the scheduler-clock interrupt. This function simply
+ * increments counters that are read only from softirq by this same
+ * CPU, so there are no memory barriers required.
+ */
void rcu_check_callbacks(int cpu, int user)
{
if (user ||
@@ -671,6 +700,7 @@ void rcu_check_callbacks(int cpu, int user)
static void rcu_init_percpu_data(int cpu, struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp,
struct rcu_data *rdp)
{
+ spin_lock(&rcp->lock);
memset(rdp, 0, sizeof(*rdp));
rdp->nxttail[0] = rdp->nxttail[1] = rdp->nxttail[2] = &rdp->nxtlist;
rdp->donetail = &rdp->donelist;
@@ -678,6 +708,7 @@ static void rcu_init_percpu_data(int cpu, struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp,
rdp->qs_pending = 0;
rdp->cpu = cpu;
rdp->blimit = blimit;
+ spin_unlock(&rcp->lock);
}
static void __cpuinit rcu_online_cpu(int cpu)

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