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authorIngo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>2006-09-29 02:01:46 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@g5.osdl.org>2006-09-29 09:18:25 -0700
commit03cbc358aab3faf34bfeaa02206fa660127e9b3f (patch)
tree8d95237532390a1beeef37158174fd045b0f8819 /kernel
parent632dd2053a1146c826ceb6f26ab689389c05e751 (diff)
[PATCH] lockdep core: improve the lock-chain-hash
With CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC turned off i was getting sporadic failures in the locking self-test: ------------> | Locking API testsuite: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- | spin |wlock |rlock |mutex | wsem | rsem | -------------------------------------------------------------------------- A-A deadlock: ok | ok | ok | ok | ok | ok | A-B-B-A deadlock: ok | ok | ok | ok | ok | ok | A-B-B-C-C-A deadlock: ok | ok | ok | ok | ok | ok | A-B-C-A-B-C deadlock: ok | ok | ok | ok | ok | ok | A-B-B-C-C-D-D-A deadlock: ok |FAILED| ok | ok | ok | ok | A-B-C-D-B-D-D-A deadlock: ok | ok | ok | ok | ok | ok | A-B-C-D-B-C-D-A deadlock: ok | ok | ok | ok | ok |FAILED| after much debugging it turned out to be caused by accidental chain-hash key collisions. The current hash is: #define iterate_chain_key(key1, key2) \ (((key1) << MAX_LOCKDEP_KEYS_BITS/2) ^ \ ((key1) >> (64-MAX_LOCKDEP_KEYS_BITS/2)) ^ \ (key2)) where MAX_LOCKDEP_KEYS_BITS is 11. This hash is pretty good as it will shift by 5 bits in every iteration, where every new ID 'mixed' into the hash would have up to 11 bits. But because there was a 6 bits overlap between subsequent IDs and their high bits tended to be similar, there was a chance for accidental chain-hash collision for a low number of locks held. the solution is to shift by 11 bits: #define iterate_chain_key(key1, key2) \ (((key1) << MAX_LOCKDEP_KEYS_BITS) ^ \ ((key1) >> (64-MAX_LOCKDEP_KEYS_BITS)) ^ \ (key2)) This keeps the hash perfect up to 5 locks held, but even above that the hash is still good because 11 bits is a relative prime to the total 64 bits, so a complete match will only occur after 64 held locks (which doesnt happen in Linux). Even after 5 locks held, entropy of the 5 IDs mixed into the hash is already good enough so that overlap doesnt generate a colliding hash ID. with this change the false positives went away. Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'kernel')
-rw-r--r--kernel/lockdep.c4
1 files changed, 2 insertions, 2 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/lockdep.c b/kernel/lockdep.c
index df1c3594de31..e596525669ed 100644
--- a/kernel/lockdep.c
+++ b/kernel/lockdep.c
@@ -122,8 +122,8 @@ static struct list_head chainhash_table[CHAINHASH_SIZE];
* unique.
*/
#define iterate_chain_key(key1, key2) \
- (((key1) << MAX_LOCKDEP_KEYS_BITS/2) ^ \
- ((key1) >> (64-MAX_LOCKDEP_KEYS_BITS/2)) ^ \
+ (((key1) << MAX_LOCKDEP_KEYS_BITS) ^ \
+ ((key1) >> (64-MAX_LOCKDEP_KEYS_BITS)) ^ \
(key2))
void lockdep_off(void)

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