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authorJesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer@redhat.com>2018-10-09 12:04:53 +0200
committerAlexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>2018-10-09 21:59:09 -0700
commit97396ff0bc2d31f8fcb29cbb57d2e0bbcb96d6c5 (patch)
treecbdbc3c7bfabbbda8a93384f818f4e435c5fac71 /tools
parent4f775448f4d79e2db5791fcc3aa708373497d7e6 (diff)
selftests/bpf: add XDP selftests for modifying and popping VLAN headers
This XDP selftest also contain a small TC-bpf component. It provoke the generic-XDP bug fixed in previous commit. The selftest itself shows how to do VLAN manipulation from XDP and TC. The test demonstrate how XDP ingress can remove a VLAN tag, and how TC egress can add back a VLAN tag. This use-case originates from a production need by ISP (kviknet.dk), who gets DSL-lines terminated as VLAN Q-in-Q tagged packets, and want to avoid having an net_device for every end-customer on the box doing the L2 to L3 termination. The test-setup is done via a veth-pair and creating two network namespaces (ns1 and ns2). The 'ns1' simulate the ISP network that are loading the BPF-progs stripping and adding VLAN IDs. The 'ns2' simulate the DSL-customer that are using VLAN tagged packets. Running the script with --interactive, will simply not call the cleanup function. This gives the effect of creating a testlab, that the users can inspect and play with. The --verbose option will simply request that the shell will print input lines as they are read, this include comments, which in effect make the comments visible docs. Reported-by: Yoel Caspersen <yoel@kviknet.dk> Signed-off-by: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'tools')
-rw-r--r--tools/testing/selftests/bpf/Makefile6
-rw-r--r--tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_xdp_vlan.c292
-rwxr-xr-xtools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_xdp_vlan.sh195
3 files changed, 491 insertions, 2 deletions
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/Makefile
index 1381ab81099c..d24afe8b821d 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/Makefile
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/Makefile
@@ -36,7 +36,8 @@ TEST_GEN_FILES = test_pkt_access.o test_xdp.o test_l4lb.o test_tcp_estats.o test
test_get_stack_rawtp.o test_sockmap_kern.o test_sockhash_kern.o \
test_lwt_seg6local.o sendmsg4_prog.o sendmsg6_prog.o test_lirc_mode2_kern.o \
get_cgroup_id_kern.o socket_cookie_prog.o test_select_reuseport_kern.o \
- test_skb_cgroup_id_kern.o bpf_flow.o netcnt_prog.o test_sk_lookup_kern.o
+ test_skb_cgroup_id_kern.o bpf_flow.o netcnt_prog.o \
+ test_sk_lookup_kern.o test_xdp_vlan.o
# Order correspond to 'make run_tests' order
TEST_PROGS := test_kmod.sh \
@@ -49,7 +50,8 @@ TEST_PROGS := test_kmod.sh \
test_lwt_seg6local.sh \
test_lirc_mode2.sh \
test_skb_cgroup_id.sh \
- test_flow_dissector.sh
+ test_flow_dissector.sh \
+ test_xdp_vlan.sh
# Compile but not part of 'make run_tests'
TEST_GEN_PROGS_EXTENDED = test_libbpf_open test_sock_addr test_skb_cgroup_id_user \
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_xdp_vlan.c b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_xdp_vlan.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..365a7d2d9f5c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_xdp_vlan.c
@@ -0,0 +1,292 @@
+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+ * Copyright(c) 2018 Jesper Dangaard Brouer.
+ *
+ * XDP/TC VLAN manipulation example
+ *
+ * GOTCHA: Remember to disable NIC hardware offloading of VLANs,
+ * else the VLAN tags are NOT inlined in the packet payload:
+ *
+ * # ethtool -K ixgbe2 rxvlan off
+ *
+ * Verify setting:
+ * # ethtool -k ixgbe2 | grep rx-vlan-offload
+ * rx-vlan-offload: off
+ *
+ */
+#include <stddef.h>
+#include <stdbool.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <linux/bpf.h>
+#include <linux/if_ether.h>
+#include <linux/if_vlan.h>
+#include <linux/in.h>
+#include <linux/pkt_cls.h>
+
+#include "bpf_helpers.h"
+#include "bpf_endian.h"
+
+/* linux/if_vlan.h have not exposed this as UAPI, thus mirror some here
+ *
+ * struct vlan_hdr - vlan header
+ * @h_vlan_TCI: priority and VLAN ID
+ * @h_vlan_encapsulated_proto: packet type ID or len
+ */
+struct _vlan_hdr {
+ __be16 h_vlan_TCI;
+ __be16 h_vlan_encapsulated_proto;
+};
+#define VLAN_PRIO_MASK 0xe000 /* Priority Code Point */
+#define VLAN_PRIO_SHIFT 13
+#define VLAN_CFI_MASK 0x1000 /* Canonical Format Indicator */
+#define VLAN_TAG_PRESENT VLAN_CFI_MASK
+#define VLAN_VID_MASK 0x0fff /* VLAN Identifier */
+#define VLAN_N_VID 4096
+
+struct parse_pkt {
+ __u16 l3_proto;
+ __u16 l3_offset;
+ __u16 vlan_outer;
+ __u16 vlan_inner;
+ __u8 vlan_outer_offset;
+ __u8 vlan_inner_offset;
+};
+
+char _license[] SEC("license") = "GPL";
+
+static __always_inline
+bool parse_eth_frame(struct ethhdr *eth, void *data_end, struct parse_pkt *pkt)
+{
+ __u16 eth_type;
+ __u8 offset;
+
+ offset = sizeof(*eth);
+ /* Make sure packet is large enough for parsing eth + 2 VLAN headers */
+ if ((void *)eth + offset + (2*sizeof(struct _vlan_hdr)) > data_end)
+ return false;
+
+ eth_type = eth->h_proto;
+
+ /* Handle outer VLAN tag */
+ if (eth_type == bpf_htons(ETH_P_8021Q)
+ || eth_type == bpf_htons(ETH_P_8021AD)) {
+ struct _vlan_hdr *vlan_hdr;
+
+ vlan_hdr = (void *)eth + offset;
+ pkt->vlan_outer_offset = offset;
+ pkt->vlan_outer = bpf_ntohs(vlan_hdr->h_vlan_TCI)
+ & VLAN_VID_MASK;
+ eth_type = vlan_hdr->h_vlan_encapsulated_proto;
+ offset += sizeof(*vlan_hdr);
+ }
+
+ /* Handle inner (double) VLAN tag */
+ if (eth_type == bpf_htons(ETH_P_8021Q)
+ || eth_type == bpf_htons(ETH_P_8021AD)) {
+ struct _vlan_hdr *vlan_hdr;
+
+ vlan_hdr = (void *)eth + offset;
+ pkt->vlan_inner_offset = offset;
+ pkt->vlan_inner = bpf_ntohs(vlan_hdr->h_vlan_TCI)
+ & VLAN_VID_MASK;
+ eth_type = vlan_hdr->h_vlan_encapsulated_proto;
+ offset += sizeof(*vlan_hdr);
+ }
+
+ pkt->l3_proto = bpf_ntohs(eth_type); /* Convert to host-byte-order */
+ pkt->l3_offset = offset;
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+/* Hint, VLANs are choosen to hit network-byte-order issues */
+#define TESTVLAN 4011 /* 0xFAB */
+// #define TO_VLAN 4000 /* 0xFA0 (hint 0xOA0 = 160) */
+
+SEC("xdp_drop_vlan_4011")
+int xdp_prognum0(struct xdp_md *ctx)
+{
+ void *data_end = (void *)(long)ctx->data_end;
+ void *data = (void *)(long)ctx->data;
+ struct parse_pkt pkt = { 0 };
+
+ if (!parse_eth_frame(data, data_end, &pkt))
+ return XDP_ABORTED;
+
+ /* Drop specific VLAN ID example */
+ if (pkt.vlan_outer == TESTVLAN)
+ return XDP_ABORTED;
+ /*
+ * Using XDP_ABORTED makes it possible to record this event,
+ * via tracepoint xdp:xdp_exception like:
+ * # perf record -a -e xdp:xdp_exception
+ * # perf script
+ */
+ return XDP_PASS;
+}
+/*
+Commands to setup VLAN on Linux to test packets gets dropped:
+
+ export ROOTDEV=ixgbe2
+ export VLANID=4011
+ ip link add link $ROOTDEV name $ROOTDEV.$VLANID type vlan id $VLANID
+ ip link set dev $ROOTDEV.$VLANID up
+
+ ip link set dev $ROOTDEV mtu 1508
+ ip addr add 100.64.40.11/24 dev $ROOTDEV.$VLANID
+
+Load prog with ip tool:
+
+ ip link set $ROOTDEV xdp off
+ ip link set $ROOTDEV xdp object xdp_vlan01_kern.o section xdp_drop_vlan_4011
+
+*/
+
+/* Changing VLAN to zero, have same practical effect as removing the VLAN. */
+#define TO_VLAN 0
+
+SEC("xdp_vlan_change")
+int xdp_prognum1(struct xdp_md *ctx)
+{
+ void *data_end = (void *)(long)ctx->data_end;
+ void *data = (void *)(long)ctx->data;
+ struct parse_pkt pkt = { 0 };
+
+ if (!parse_eth_frame(data, data_end, &pkt))
+ return XDP_ABORTED;
+
+ /* Change specific VLAN ID */
+ if (pkt.vlan_outer == TESTVLAN) {
+ struct _vlan_hdr *vlan_hdr = data + pkt.vlan_outer_offset;
+
+ /* Modifying VLAN, preserve top 4 bits */
+ vlan_hdr->h_vlan_TCI =
+ bpf_htons((bpf_ntohs(vlan_hdr->h_vlan_TCI) & 0xf000)
+ | TO_VLAN);
+ }
+
+ return XDP_PASS;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Show XDP+TC can cooperate, on creating a VLAN rewriter.
+ * 1. Create a XDP prog that can "pop"/remove a VLAN header.
+ * 2. Create a TC-bpf prog that egress can add a VLAN header.
+ */
+
+#ifndef ETH_ALEN /* Ethernet MAC address length */
+#define ETH_ALEN 6 /* bytes */
+#endif
+#define VLAN_HDR_SZ 4 /* bytes */
+
+SEC("xdp_vlan_remove_outer")
+int xdp_prognum2(struct xdp_md *ctx)
+{
+ void *data_end = (void *)(long)ctx->data_end;
+ void *data = (void *)(long)ctx->data;
+ struct parse_pkt pkt = { 0 };
+ char *dest;
+
+ if (!parse_eth_frame(data, data_end, &pkt))
+ return XDP_ABORTED;
+
+ /* Skip packet if no outer VLAN was detected */
+ if (pkt.vlan_outer_offset == 0)
+ return XDP_PASS;
+
+ /* Moving Ethernet header, dest overlap with src, memmove handle this */
+ dest = data;
+ dest+= VLAN_HDR_SZ;
+ /*
+ * Notice: Taking over vlan_hdr->h_vlan_encapsulated_proto, by
+ * only moving two MAC addrs (12 bytes), not overwriting last 2 bytes
+ */
+ __builtin_memmove(dest, data, ETH_ALEN * 2);
+ /* Note: LLVM built-in memmove inlining require size to be constant */
+
+ /* Move start of packet header seen by Linux kernel stack */
+ bpf_xdp_adjust_head(ctx, VLAN_HDR_SZ);
+
+ return XDP_PASS;
+}
+
+static __always_inline
+void shift_mac_4bytes_16bit(void *data)
+{
+ __u16 *p = data;
+
+ p[7] = p[5]; /* delete p[7] was vlan_hdr->h_vlan_TCI */
+ p[6] = p[4]; /* delete p[6] was ethhdr->h_proto */
+ p[5] = p[3];
+ p[4] = p[2];
+ p[3] = p[1];
+ p[2] = p[0];
+}
+
+static __always_inline
+void shift_mac_4bytes_32bit(void *data)
+{
+ __u32 *p = data;
+
+ /* Assuming VLAN hdr present. The 4 bytes in p[3] that gets
+ * overwritten, is ethhdr->h_proto and vlan_hdr->h_vlan_TCI.
+ * The vlan_hdr->h_vlan_encapsulated_proto take over role as
+ * ethhdr->h_proto.
+ */
+ p[3] = p[2];
+ p[2] = p[1];
+ p[1] = p[0];
+}
+
+SEC("xdp_vlan_remove_outer2")
+int xdp_prognum3(struct xdp_md *ctx)
+{
+ void *data_end = (void *)(long)ctx->data_end;
+ void *data = (void *)(long)ctx->data;
+ struct ethhdr *orig_eth = data;
+ struct parse_pkt pkt = { 0 };
+
+ if (!parse_eth_frame(orig_eth, data_end, &pkt))
+ return XDP_ABORTED;
+
+ /* Skip packet if no outer VLAN was detected */
+ if (pkt.vlan_outer_offset == 0)
+ return XDP_PASS;
+
+ /* Simply shift down MAC addrs 4 bytes, overwrite h_proto + TCI */
+ shift_mac_4bytes_32bit(data);
+
+ /* Move start of packet header seen by Linux kernel stack */
+ bpf_xdp_adjust_head(ctx, VLAN_HDR_SZ);
+
+ return XDP_PASS;
+}
+
+/*=====================================
+ * BELOW: TC-hook based ebpf programs
+ * ====================================
+ * The TC-clsact eBPF programs (currently) need to be attach via TC commands
+ */
+
+SEC("tc_vlan_push")
+int _tc_progA(struct __sk_buff *ctx)
+{
+ bpf_skb_vlan_push(ctx, bpf_htons(ETH_P_8021Q), TESTVLAN);
+
+ return TC_ACT_OK;
+}
+/*
+Commands to setup TC to use above bpf prog:
+
+export ROOTDEV=ixgbe2
+export FILE=xdp_vlan01_kern.o
+
+# Re-attach clsact to clear/flush existing role
+tc qdisc del dev $ROOTDEV clsact 2> /dev/null ;\
+tc qdisc add dev $ROOTDEV clsact
+
+# Attach BPF prog EGRESS
+tc filter add dev $ROOTDEV egress \
+ prio 1 handle 1 bpf da obj $FILE sec tc_vlan_push
+
+tc filter show dev $ROOTDEV egress
+*/
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_xdp_vlan.sh b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_xdp_vlan.sh
new file mode 100755
index 000000000000..51a3a31d1aac
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/bpf/test_xdp_vlan.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,195 @@
+#!/bin/bash
+
+TESTNAME=xdp_vlan
+
+usage() {
+ echo "Testing XDP + TC eBPF VLAN manipulations: $TESTNAME"
+ echo ""
+ echo "Usage: $0 [-vfh]"
+ echo " -v | --verbose : Verbose"
+ echo " --flush : Flush before starting (e.g. after --interactive)"
+ echo " --interactive : Keep netns setup running after test-run"
+ echo ""
+}
+
+cleanup()
+{
+ local status=$?
+
+ if [ "$status" = "0" ]; then
+ echo "selftests: $TESTNAME [PASS]";
+ else
+ echo "selftests: $TESTNAME [FAILED]";
+ fi
+
+ if [ -n "$INTERACTIVE" ]; then
+ echo "Namespace setup still active explore with:"
+ echo " ip netns exec ns1 bash"
+ echo " ip netns exec ns2 bash"
+ exit $status
+ fi
+
+ set +e
+ ip link del veth1 2> /dev/null
+ ip netns del ns1 2> /dev/null
+ ip netns del ns2 2> /dev/null
+}
+
+# Using external program "getopt" to get --long-options
+OPTIONS=$(getopt -o hvfi: \
+ --long verbose,flush,help,interactive,debug -- "$@")
+if (( $? != 0 )); then
+ usage
+ echo "selftests: $TESTNAME [FAILED] Error calling getopt, unknown option?"
+ exit 2
+fi
+eval set -- "$OPTIONS"
+
+## --- Parse command line arguments / parameters ---
+while true; do
+ case "$1" in
+ -v | --verbose)
+ export VERBOSE=yes
+ shift
+ ;;
+ -i | --interactive | --debug )
+ INTERACTIVE=yes
+ shift
+ ;;
+ -f | --flush )
+ cleanup
+ shift
+ ;;
+ -- )
+ shift
+ break
+ ;;
+ -h | --help )
+ usage;
+ echo "selftests: $TESTNAME [SKIP] usage help info requested"
+ exit 0
+ ;;
+ * )
+ shift
+ break
+ ;;
+ esac
+done
+
+if [ "$EUID" -ne 0 ]; then
+ echo "selftests: $TESTNAME [FAILED] need root privileges"
+ exit 1
+fi
+
+ip link set dev lo xdp off 2>/dev/null > /dev/null
+if [ $? -ne 0 ];then
+ echo "selftests: $TESTNAME [SKIP] need ip xdp support"
+ exit 0
+fi
+
+# Interactive mode likely require us to cleanup netns
+if [ -n "$INTERACTIVE" ]; then
+ ip link del veth1 2> /dev/null
+ ip netns del ns1 2> /dev/null
+ ip netns del ns2 2> /dev/null
+fi
+
+# Exit on failure
+set -e
+
+# Some shell-tools dependencies
+which ip > /dev/null
+which tc > /dev/null
+which ethtool > /dev/null
+
+# Make rest of shell verbose, showing comments as doc/info
+if [ -n "$VERBOSE" ]; then
+ set -v
+fi
+
+# Create two namespaces
+ip netns add ns1
+ip netns add ns2
+
+# Run cleanup if failing or on kill
+trap cleanup 0 2 3 6 9
+
+# Create veth pair
+ip link add veth1 type veth peer name veth2
+
+# Move veth1 and veth2 into the respective namespaces
+ip link set veth1 netns ns1
+ip link set veth2 netns ns2
+
+# NOTICE: XDP require VLAN header inside packet payload
+# - Thus, disable VLAN offloading driver features
+# - For veth REMEMBER TX side VLAN-offload
+#
+# Disable rx-vlan-offload (mostly needed on ns1)
+ip netns exec ns1 ethtool -K veth1 rxvlan off
+ip netns exec ns2 ethtool -K veth2 rxvlan off
+#
+# Disable tx-vlan-offload (mostly needed on ns2)
+ip netns exec ns2 ethtool -K veth2 txvlan off
+ip netns exec ns1 ethtool -K veth1 txvlan off
+
+export IPADDR1=100.64.41.1
+export IPADDR2=100.64.41.2
+
+# In ns1/veth1 add IP-addr on plain net_device
+ip netns exec ns1 ip addr add ${IPADDR1}/24 dev veth1
+ip netns exec ns1 ip link set veth1 up
+
+# In ns2/veth2 create VLAN device
+export VLAN=4011
+export DEVNS2=veth2
+ip netns exec ns2 ip link add link $DEVNS2 name $DEVNS2.$VLAN type vlan id $VLAN
+ip netns exec ns2 ip addr add ${IPADDR2}/24 dev $DEVNS2.$VLAN
+ip netns exec ns2 ip link set $DEVNS2 up
+ip netns exec ns2 ip link set $DEVNS2.$VLAN up
+
+# Bringup lo in netns (to avoids confusing people using --interactive)
+ip netns exec ns1 ip link set lo up
+ip netns exec ns2 ip link set lo up
+
+# At this point, the hosts cannot reach each-other,
+# because ns2 are using VLAN tags on the packets.
+
+ip netns exec ns2 sh -c 'ping -W 1 -c 1 100.64.41.1 || echo "Okay ping fails"'
+
+
+# Now we can use the test_xdp_vlan.c program to pop/push these VLAN tags
+# ----------------------------------------------------------------------
+# In ns1: ingress use XDP to remove VLAN tags
+export DEVNS1=veth1
+export FILE=test_xdp_vlan.o
+
+# First test: Remove VLAN by setting VLAN ID 0, using "xdp_vlan_change"
+export XDP_PROG=xdp_vlan_change
+ip netns exec ns1 ip link set $DEVNS1 xdp object $FILE section $XDP_PROG
+
+# In ns1: egress use TC to add back VLAN tag 4011
+# (del cmd)
+# tc qdisc del dev $DEVNS1 clsact 2> /dev/null
+#
+ip netns exec ns1 tc qdisc add dev $DEVNS1 clsact
+ip netns exec ns1 tc filter add dev $DEVNS1 egress \
+ prio 1 handle 1 bpf da obj $FILE sec tc_vlan_push
+
+# Now the namespaces can reach each-other, test with ping:
+ip netns exec ns2 ping -W 2 -c 3 $IPADDR1
+ip netns exec ns1 ping -W 2 -c 3 $IPADDR2
+
+# Second test: Replace xdp prog, that fully remove vlan header
+#
+# Catch kernel bug for generic-XDP, that does didn't allow us to
+# remove a VLAN header, because skb->protocol still contain VLAN
+# ETH_P_8021Q indication, and this cause overwriting of our changes.
+#
+export XDP_PROG=xdp_vlan_remove_outer2
+ip netns exec ns1 ip link set $DEVNS1 xdp off
+ip netns exec ns1 ip link set $DEVNS1 xdp object $FILE section $XDP_PROG
+
+# Now the namespaces should still be able reach each-other, test with ping:
+ip netns exec ns2 ping -W 2 -c 3 $IPADDR1
+ip netns exec ns1 ping -W 2 -c 3 $IPADDR2

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