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-rw-r--r--Documentation/DocBook/v4l/media-controller.xml20
-rw-r--r--Documentation/media-framework.txt151
-rw-r--r--drivers/media/Makefile2
-rw-r--r--drivers/media/media-device.c56
-rw-r--r--drivers/media/media-entity.c147
-rw-r--r--include/media/media-device.h19
-rw-r--r--include/media/media-entity.h122
7 files changed, 516 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/media-controller.xml b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/media-controller.xml
index 253ddb4426c9..f89228d3ec2a 100644
--- a/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/media-controller.xml
+++ b/Documentation/DocBook/v4l/media-controller.xml
@@ -53,4 +53,24 @@
implementing policies that belong to userspace.</para>
<para>The media controller API aims at solving those problems.</para>
</section>
+
+ <section id="media-controller-model">
+ <title>Media device model</title>
+ <para>Discovering a device internal topology, and configuring it at runtime,
+ is one of the goals of the media controller API. To achieve this, hardware
+ devices are modelled as an oriented graph of building blocks called entities
+ connected through pads.</para>
+ <para>An entity is a basic media hardware or software building block. It can
+ correspond to a large variety of logical blocks such as physical hardware
+ devices (CMOS sensor for instance), logical hardware devices (a building
+ block in a System-on-Chip image processing pipeline), DMA channels or
+ physical connectors.</para>
+ <para>A pad is a connection endpoint through which an entity can interact
+ with other entities. Data (not restricted to video) produced by an entity
+ flows from the entity's output to one or more entity inputs. Pads should not
+ be confused with physical pins at chip boundaries.</para>
+ <para>A link is a point-to-point oriented connection between two pads,
+ either on the same entity or on different entities. Data flows from a source
+ pad to a sink pad.</para>
+ </section>
</chapter>
diff --git a/Documentation/media-framework.txt b/Documentation/media-framework.txt
index 1844c3f10728..0257bad2a104 100644
--- a/Documentation/media-framework.txt
+++ b/Documentation/media-framework.txt
@@ -13,6 +13,30 @@ Documentation/DocBook/v4l/media-controller.xml. This document will focus on
the kernel-side implementation of the media framework.
+Abstract media device model
+---------------------------
+
+Discovering a device internal topology, and configuring it at runtime, is one
+of the goals of the media framework. To achieve this, hardware devices are
+modeled as an oriented graph of building blocks called entities connected
+through pads.
+
+An entity is a basic media hardware building block. It can correspond to
+a large variety of logical blocks such as physical hardware devices
+(CMOS sensor for instance), logical hardware devices (a building block
+in a System-on-Chip image processing pipeline), DMA channels or physical
+connectors.
+
+A pad is a connection endpoint through which an entity can interact with
+other entities. Data (not restricted to video) produced by an entity
+flows from the entity's output to one or more entity inputs. Pads should
+not be confused with physical pins at chip boundaries.
+
+A link is a point-to-point oriented connection between two pads, either
+on the same entity or on different entities. Data flows from a source
+pad to a sink pad.
+
+
Media device
------------
@@ -65,3 +89,130 @@ Drivers unregister media device instances by calling
media_device_unregister(struct media_device *mdev);
Unregistering a media device that hasn't been registered is *NOT* safe.
+
+
+Entities, pads and links
+------------------------
+
+- Entities
+
+Entities are represented by a struct media_entity instance, defined in
+include/media/media-entity.h. The structure is usually embedded into a
+higher-level structure, such as a v4l2_subdev or video_device instance,
+although drivers can allocate entities directly.
+
+Drivers initialize entities by calling
+
+ media_entity_init(struct media_entity *entity, u16 num_pads,
+ struct media_pad *pads, u16 extra_links);
+
+The media_entity name, type, flags, revision and group_id fields can be
+initialized before or after calling media_entity_init. Entities embedded in
+higher-level standard structures can have some of those fields set by the
+higher-level framework.
+
+As the number of pads is known in advance, the pads array is not allocated
+dynamically but is managed by the entity driver. Most drivers will embed the
+pads array in a driver-specific structure, avoiding dynamic allocation.
+
+Drivers must set the direction of every pad in the pads array before calling
+media_entity_init. The function will initialize the other pads fields.
+
+Unlike the number of pads, the total number of links isn't always known in
+advance by the entity driver. As an initial estimate, media_entity_init
+pre-allocates a number of links equal to the number of pads plus an optional
+number of extra links. The links array will be reallocated if it grows beyond
+the initial estimate.
+
+Drivers register entities with a media device by calling
+
+ media_device_register_entity(struct media_device *mdev,
+ struct media_entity *entity);
+
+Entities are identified by a unique positive integer ID. Drivers can provide an
+ID by filling the media_entity id field prior to registration, or request the
+media controller framework to assign an ID automatically. Drivers that provide
+IDs manually must ensure that all IDs are unique. IDs are not guaranteed to be
+contiguous even when they are all assigned automatically by the framework.
+
+Drivers unregister entities by calling
+
+ media_device_unregister_entity(struct media_entity *entity);
+
+Unregistering an entity will not change the IDs of the other entities, and the
+ID will never be reused for a newly registered entity.
+
+When a media device is unregistered, all its entities are unregistered
+automatically. No manual entities unregistration is then required.
+
+Drivers free resources associated with an entity by calling
+
+ media_entity_cleanup(struct media_entity *entity);
+
+This function must be called during the cleanup phase after unregistering the
+entity. Note that the media_entity instance itself must be freed explicitly by
+the driver if required.
+
+Entities have flags that describe the entity capabilities and state.
+
+ MEDIA_ENT_FL_DEFAULT indicates the default entity for a given type.
+ This can be used to report the default audio and video devices or the
+ default camera sensor.
+
+Logical entity groups can be defined by setting the group ID of all member
+entities to the same non-zero value. An entity group serves no purpose in the
+kernel, but is reported to userspace during entities enumeration. The group_id
+field belongs to the media device driver and must not by touched by entity
+drivers.
+
+Media device drivers should define groups if several entities are logically
+bound together. Example usages include reporting
+
+ - ALSA, VBI and video nodes that carry the same media stream
+ - lens and flash controllers associated with a sensor
+
+- Pads
+
+Pads are represented by a struct media_pad instance, defined in
+include/media/media-entity.h. Each entity stores its pads in a pads array
+managed by the entity driver. Drivers usually embed the array in a
+driver-specific structure.
+
+Pads are identified by their entity and their 0-based index in the pads array.
+Both information are stored in the media_pad structure, making the media_pad
+pointer the canonical way to store and pass link references.
+
+Pads have flags that describe the pad capabilities and state.
+
+ MEDIA_PAD_FL_SINK indicates that the pad supports sinking data.
+ MEDIA_PAD_FL_SOURCE indicates that the pad supports sourcing data.
+
+One and only one of MEDIA_PAD_FL_SINK and MEDIA_PAD_FL_SOURCE must be set for
+each pad.
+
+- Links
+
+Links are represented by a struct media_link instance, defined in
+include/media/media-entity.h. Each entity stores all links originating at or
+targetting any of its pads in a links array. A given link is thus stored
+twice, once in the source entity and once in the target entity. The array is
+pre-allocated and grows dynamically as needed.
+
+Drivers create links by calling
+
+ media_entity_create_link(struct media_entity *source, u16 source_pad,
+ struct media_entity *sink, u16 sink_pad,
+ u32 flags);
+
+An entry in the link array of each entity is allocated and stores pointers
+to source and sink pads.
+
+Links have flags that describe the link capabilities and state.
+
+ MEDIA_LNK_FL_ENABLED indicates that the link is enabled and can be used
+ to transfer media data. When two or more links target a sink pad, only
+ one of them can be enabled at a time.
+ MEDIA_LNK_FL_IMMUTABLE indicates that the link enabled state can't be
+ modified at runtime. If MEDIA_LNK_FL_IMMUTABLE is set, then
+ MEDIA_LNK_FL_ENABLED must also be set since an immutable link is always
+ enabled.
diff --git a/drivers/media/Makefile b/drivers/media/Makefile
index 36731aae57ea..64755c99ded2 100644
--- a/drivers/media/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/media/Makefile
@@ -2,7 +2,7 @@
# Makefile for the kernel multimedia device drivers.
#
-media-objs := media-device.o media-devnode.o
+media-objs := media-device.o media-devnode.o media-entity.o
ifeq ($(CONFIG_MEDIA_CONTROLLER),y)
obj-$(CONFIG_MEDIA_SUPPORT) += media.o
diff --git a/drivers/media/media-device.c b/drivers/media/media-device.c
index bcd3985d415a..a36509a1df09 100644
--- a/drivers/media/media-device.c
+++ b/drivers/media/media-device.c
@@ -25,6 +25,7 @@
#include <media/media-device.h>
#include <media/media-devnode.h>
+#include <media/media-entity.h>
static const struct media_file_operations media_device_fops = {
.owner = THIS_MODULE,
@@ -69,6 +70,10 @@ int __must_check media_device_register(struct media_device *mdev)
if (WARN_ON(mdev->dev == NULL || mdev->model[0] == 0))
return -EINVAL;
+ mdev->entity_id = 1;
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&mdev->entities);
+ spin_lock_init(&mdev->lock);
+
/* Register the device node. */
mdev->devnode.fops = &media_device_fops;
mdev->devnode.parent = mdev->dev;
@@ -94,7 +99,58 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(media_device_register);
*/
void media_device_unregister(struct media_device *mdev)
{
+ struct media_entity *entity;
+ struct media_entity *next;
+
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(entity, next, &mdev->entities, list)
+ media_device_unregister_entity(entity);
+
device_remove_file(&mdev->devnode.dev, &dev_attr_model);
media_devnode_unregister(&mdev->devnode);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(media_device_unregister);
+
+/**
+ * media_device_register_entity - Register an entity with a media device
+ * @mdev: The media device
+ * @entity: The entity
+ */
+int __must_check media_device_register_entity(struct media_device *mdev,
+ struct media_entity *entity)
+{
+ /* Warn if we apparently re-register an entity */
+ WARN_ON(entity->parent != NULL);
+ entity->parent = mdev;
+
+ spin_lock(&mdev->lock);
+ if (entity->id == 0)
+ entity->id = mdev->entity_id++;
+ else
+ mdev->entity_id = max(entity->id + 1, mdev->entity_id);
+ list_add_tail(&entity->list, &mdev->entities);
+ spin_unlock(&mdev->lock);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(media_device_register_entity);
+
+/**
+ * media_device_unregister_entity - Unregister an entity
+ * @entity: The entity
+ *
+ * If the entity has never been registered this function will return
+ * immediately.
+ */
+void media_device_unregister_entity(struct media_entity *entity)
+{
+ struct media_device *mdev = entity->parent;
+
+ if (mdev == NULL)
+ return;
+
+ spin_lock(&mdev->lock);
+ list_del(&entity->list);
+ spin_unlock(&mdev->lock);
+ entity->parent = NULL;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(media_device_unregister_entity);
diff --git a/drivers/media/media-entity.c b/drivers/media/media-entity.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..5c31df9ed765
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/media/media-entity.c
@@ -0,0 +1,147 @@
+/*
+ * Media entity
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2010 Nokia Corporation
+ *
+ * Contacts: Laurent Pinchart <laurent.pinchart@ideasonboard.com>
+ * Sakari Ailus <sakari.ailus@iki.fi>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
+ */
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+#include <media/media-entity.h>
+
+/**
+ * media_entity_init - Initialize a media entity
+ *
+ * @num_pads: Total number of sink and source pads.
+ * @extra_links: Initial estimate of the number of extra links.
+ * @pads: Array of 'num_pads' pads.
+ *
+ * The total number of pads is an intrinsic property of entities known by the
+ * entity driver, while the total number of links depends on hardware design
+ * and is an extrinsic property unknown to the entity driver. However, in most
+ * use cases the entity driver can guess the number of links which can safely
+ * be assumed to be equal to or larger than the number of pads.
+ *
+ * For those reasons the links array can be preallocated based on the entity
+ * driver guess and will be reallocated later if extra links need to be
+ * created.
+ *
+ * This function allocates a links array with enough space to hold at least
+ * 'num_pads' + 'extra_links' elements. The media_entity::max_links field will
+ * be set to the number of allocated elements.
+ *
+ * The pads array is managed by the entity driver and passed to
+ * media_entity_init() where its pointer will be stored in the entity structure.
+ */
+int
+media_entity_init(struct media_entity *entity, u16 num_pads,
+ struct media_pad *pads, u16 extra_links)
+{
+ struct media_link *links;
+ unsigned int max_links = num_pads + extra_links;
+ unsigned int i;
+
+ links = kzalloc(max_links * sizeof(links[0]), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (links == NULL)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ entity->group_id = 0;
+ entity->max_links = max_links;
+ entity->num_links = 0;
+ entity->num_backlinks = 0;
+ entity->num_pads = num_pads;
+ entity->pads = pads;
+ entity->links = links;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < num_pads; i++) {
+ pads[i].entity = entity;
+ pads[i].index = i;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(media_entity_init);
+
+void
+media_entity_cleanup(struct media_entity *entity)
+{
+ kfree(entity->links);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(media_entity_cleanup);
+
+static struct media_link *media_entity_add_link(struct media_entity *entity)
+{
+ if (entity->num_links >= entity->max_links) {
+ struct media_link *links = entity->links;
+ unsigned int max_links = entity->max_links + 2;
+ unsigned int i;
+
+ links = krealloc(links, max_links * sizeof(*links), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (links == NULL)
+ return NULL;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < entity->num_links; i++)
+ links[i].reverse->reverse = &links[i];
+
+ entity->max_links = max_links;
+ entity->links = links;
+ }
+
+ return &entity->links[entity->num_links++];
+}
+
+int
+media_entity_create_link(struct media_entity *source, u16 source_pad,
+ struct media_entity *sink, u16 sink_pad, u32 flags)
+{
+ struct media_link *link;
+ struct media_link *backlink;
+
+ BUG_ON(source == NULL || sink == NULL);
+ BUG_ON(source_pad >= source->num_pads);
+ BUG_ON(sink_pad >= sink->num_pads);
+
+ link = media_entity_add_link(source);
+ if (link == NULL)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ link->source = &source->pads[source_pad];
+ link->sink = &sink->pads[sink_pad];
+ link->flags = flags;
+
+ /* Create the backlink. Backlinks are used to help graph traversal and
+ * are not reported to userspace.
+ */
+ backlink = media_entity_add_link(sink);
+ if (backlink == NULL) {
+ source->num_links--;
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ backlink->source = &source->pads[source_pad];
+ backlink->sink = &sink->pads[sink_pad];
+ backlink->flags = flags;
+
+ link->reverse = backlink;
+ backlink->reverse = link;
+
+ sink->num_backlinks++;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(media_entity_create_link);
diff --git a/include/media/media-device.h b/include/media/media-device.h
index 30857f7fc22b..a8390fe87e83 100644
--- a/include/media/media-device.h
+++ b/include/media/media-device.h
@@ -25,8 +25,10 @@
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <media/media-devnode.h>
+#include <media/media-entity.h>
/**
* struct media_device - Media device
@@ -37,6 +39,9 @@
* @bus_info: Unique and stable device location identifier
* @hw_revision: Hardware device revision
* @driver_version: Device driver version
+ * @entity_id: ID of the next entity to be registered
+ * @entities: List of registered entities
+ * @lock: Entities list lock
*
* This structure represents an abstract high-level media device. It allows easy
* access to entities and provides basic media device-level support. The
@@ -58,6 +63,12 @@ struct media_device {
char bus_info[32];
u32 hw_revision;
u32 driver_version;
+
+ u32 entity_id;
+ struct list_head entities;
+
+ /* Protects the entities list */
+ spinlock_t lock;
};
/* media_devnode to media_device */
@@ -66,4 +77,12 @@ struct media_device {
int __must_check media_device_register(struct media_device *mdev);
void media_device_unregister(struct media_device *mdev);
+int __must_check media_device_register_entity(struct media_device *mdev,
+ struct media_entity *entity);
+void media_device_unregister_entity(struct media_entity *entity);
+
+/* Iterate over all entities. */
+#define media_device_for_each_entity(entity, mdev) \
+ list_for_each_entry(entity, &(mdev)->entities, list)
+
#endif
diff --git a/include/media/media-entity.h b/include/media/media-entity.h
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..f6c856c9ac16
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/media/media-entity.h
@@ -0,0 +1,122 @@
+/*
+ * Media entity
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2010 Nokia Corporation
+ *
+ * Contacts: Laurent Pinchart <laurent.pinchart@ideasonboard.com>
+ * Sakari Ailus <sakari.ailus@iki.fi>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
+ * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
+ */
+
+#ifndef _MEDIA_ENTITY_H
+#define _MEDIA_ENTITY_H
+
+#include <linux/list.h>
+
+#define MEDIA_ENT_TYPE_SHIFT 16
+#define MEDIA_ENT_TYPE_MASK 0x00ff0000
+#define MEDIA_ENT_SUBTYPE_MASK 0x0000ffff
+
+#define MEDIA_ENT_T_DEVNODE (1 << MEDIA_ENT_TYPE_SHIFT)
+#define MEDIA_ENT_T_DEVNODE_V4L (MEDIA_ENT_T_DEVNODE + 1)
+#define MEDIA_ENT_T_DEVNODE_FB (MEDIA_ENT_T_DEVNODE + 2)
+#define MEDIA_ENT_T_DEVNODE_ALSA (MEDIA_ENT_T_DEVNODE + 3)
+#define MEDIA_ENT_T_DEVNODE_DVB (MEDIA_ENT_T_DEVNODE + 4)
+
+#define MEDIA_ENT_T_V4L2_SUBDEV (2 << MEDIA_ENT_TYPE_SHIFT)
+#define MEDIA_ENT_T_V4L2_SUBDEV_SENSOR (MEDIA_ENT_T_V4L2_SUBDEV + 1)
+#define MEDIA_ENT_T_V4L2_SUBDEV_FLASH (MEDIA_ENT_T_V4L2_SUBDEV + 2)
+#define MEDIA_ENT_T_V4L2_SUBDEV_LENS (MEDIA_ENT_T_V4L2_SUBDEV + 3)
+
+#define MEDIA_ENT_FL_DEFAULT (1 << 0)
+
+#define MEDIA_LNK_FL_ENABLED (1 << 0)
+#define MEDIA_LNK_FL_IMMUTABLE (1 << 1)
+
+#define MEDIA_PAD_FL_SINK (1 << 0)
+#define MEDIA_PAD_FL_SOURCE (1 << 1)
+
+struct media_link {
+ struct media_pad *source; /* Source pad */
+ struct media_pad *sink; /* Sink pad */
+ struct media_link *reverse; /* Link in the reverse direction */
+ unsigned long flags; /* Link flags (MEDIA_LNK_FL_*) */
+};
+
+struct media_pad {
+ struct media_entity *entity; /* Entity this pad belongs to */
+ u16 index; /* Pad index in the entity pads array */
+ unsigned long flags; /* Pad flags (MEDIA_PAD_FL_*) */
+};
+
+struct media_entity {
+ struct list_head list;
+ struct media_device *parent; /* Media device this entity belongs to*/
+ u32 id; /* Entity ID, unique in the parent media
+ * device context */
+ const char *name; /* Entity name */
+ u32 type; /* Entity type (MEDIA_ENT_T_*) */
+ u32 revision; /* Entity revision, driver specific */
+ unsigned long flags; /* Entity flags (MEDIA_ENT_FL_*) */
+ u32 group_id; /* Entity group ID */
+
+ u16 num_pads; /* Number of sink and source pads */
+ u16 num_links; /* Number of existing links, both
+ * enabled and disabled */
+ u16 num_backlinks; /* Number of backlinks */
+ u16 max_links; /* Maximum number of links */
+
+ struct media_pad *pads; /* Pads array (num_pads elements) */
+ struct media_link *links; /* Links array (max_links elements)*/
+
+ union {
+ /* Node specifications */
+ struct {
+ u32 major;
+ u32 minor;
+ } v4l;
+ struct {
+ u32 major;
+ u32 minor;
+ } fb;
+ struct {
+ u32 card;
+ u32 device;
+ u32 subdevice;
+ } alsa;
+ int dvb;
+
+ /* Sub-device specifications */
+ /* Nothing needed yet */
+ };
+};
+
+static inline u32 media_entity_type(struct media_entity *entity)
+{
+ return entity->type & MEDIA_ENT_TYPE_MASK;
+}
+
+static inline u32 media_entity_subtype(struct media_entity *entity)
+{
+ return entity->type & MEDIA_ENT_SUBTYPE_MASK;
+}
+
+int media_entity_init(struct media_entity *entity, u16 num_pads,
+ struct media_pad *pads, u16 extra_links);
+void media_entity_cleanup(struct media_entity *entity);
+int media_entity_create_link(struct media_entity *source, u16 source_pad,
+ struct media_entity *sink, u16 sink_pad, u32 flags);
+
+#endif

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