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2008-04-28smack: fix integer as NULL pointer warning in smack_lsm.cHarvey Harrison1-1/+1
security/smack/smack_lsm.c:1257:16: warning: Using plain integer as NULL pointer Signed-off-by: Harvey Harrison <harvey.harrison@gmail.com> Acked-by: Casey Schaufler <casey@schaufler-ca.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28capabilities: implement per-process securebitsAndrew G. Morgan12-60/+141
Filesystem capability support makes it possible to do away with (set)uid-0 based privilege and use capabilities instead. That is, with filesystem support for capabilities but without this present patch, it is (conceptually) possible to manage a system with capabilities alone and never need to obtain privilege via (set)uid-0. Of course, conceptually isn't quite the same as currently possible since few user applications, certainly not enough to run a viable system, are currently prepared to leverage capabilities to exercise privilege. Further, many applications exist that may never get upgraded in this way, and the kernel will continue to want to support their setuid-0 base privilege needs. Where pure-capability applications evolve and replace setuid-0 binaries, it is desirable that there be a mechanisms by which they can contain their privilege. In addition to leveraging the per-process bounding and inheritable sets, this should include suppressing the privilege of the uid-0 superuser from the process' tree of children. The feature added by this patch can be leveraged to suppress the privilege associated with (set)uid-0. This suppression requires CAP_SETPCAP to initiate, and only immediately affects the 'current' process (it is inherited through fork()/exec()). This reimplementation differs significantly from the historical support for securebits which was system-wide, unwieldy and which has ultimately withered to a dead relic in the source of the modern kernel. With this patch applied a process, that is capable(CAP_SETPCAP), can now drop all legacy privilege (through uid=0) for itself and all subsequently fork()'d/exec()'d children with: prctl(PR_SET_SECUREBITS, 0x2f); This patch represents a no-op unless CONFIG_SECURITY_FILE_CAPABILITIES is enabled at configure time. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix uninitialised var warning] [serue@us.ibm.com: capabilities: use cap_task_prctl when !CONFIG_SECURITY] Signed-off-by: Andrew G. Morgan <morgan@kernel.org> Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Cc: Stephen Smalley <sds@tycho.nsa.gov> Cc: Paul Moore <paul.moore@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Serge E. Hallyn <serue@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28mm/nommu.c: return 0 from kobjsize with invalid objectsMichael Hennerich1-1/+5
Don't perform kobjsize operations on objects the kernel doesn't manage. On Blackfin, drivers can get dma coherent memory by calling a function dma_alloc_coherent(). We do this in nommu by configuring a chunk of uncached memory at the top of memory. Since we don't want the kernel to use the uncached memory, we lie to the kernel, and tell it that it's max memory is between 0, and the start of the uncached dma coherent section. this all works well, until this memory gets exposed into userspace (with a frame buffer), when you look at the process's maps, it shows the framebuf: root:/proc> cat maps [snip] 03f0ef00-03f34700 rw-p 00000000 1f:00 192 /dev/fb0 root:/proc> This is outside the "normal" range for the kernel. When the kernel tries to find the size of this object (when you run ps), it dies in nommu.c in kobjsize. BUG_ON(page->index >= MAX_ORDER); since the page we are referring to is outside what the kernel thinks is it's max valid memory. root:~> while [ 1 ]; ps > /dev/null; done kernel BUG at mm/nommu.c:119! Kernel panic - not syncing: BUG! We fixed this by adding a check to reject out of range object pointers as it already does that for NULL pointers. Signed-off-by: Michael Hennerich <Michael.Hennerich@analog.com> Signed-off-by: Robin Getz <rgetz@blackfin.uclinux.org> Acked-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28vmstats: add cond_resched() to refresh_cpu_vm_stats()Dimitri Sivanich1-0/+1
We've found that it can take quite a bit of time (100's of usec) to get through the zone loop in refresh_cpu_vm_stats(). Adding a cond_resched() to allow other threads to run in the non-preemptive case. Signed-off-by: Dimitri Sivanich <sivanich@sgi.com> Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28mm: fix broken gfp_zone with __GFP_THISNODEKAMEZAWA Hiroyuki1-12/+5
This hack, "base = MAX_NR_ZONES", at __GFP_THISNODE was used for old zonliests. Now, new zonelist[] have a list for __GFP_THISNODE and this hack is incorrect. Should be removed. Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28mm/page_alloc.c: remove hand-coded get_order()Pavel Machek1-3/+1
Remove hand-coded get_order() from page_alloc.c. Signed-off-by: Pavel Machek <pavel@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28oom_kill: remove unused parameter in badness()Li Zefan1-3/+2
In commit 4c4a22148909e4c003562ea7ffe0a06e26919e3c, we moved the memcontroller-related code from badness() to select_bad_process(), so the parameter 'mem' in badness() is unused now. Signed-off-by: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Balbir Singh <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28memory hotplug: free memmaps allocated by bootmemYasunori Goto4-7/+60
This patch is to free memmaps which is allocated by bootmem. Freeing usemap is not necessary. The pages of usemap may be necessary for other sections. If removing section is last section on the node, its section is the final user of usemap page. (usemaps are allocated on its section by previous patch.) But it shouldn't be freed too, because the section must be logical offline state which all pages are isolated against page allocater. If it is freed, page alloctor may use it which will be removed physically soon. It will be disaster. So, this patch keeps it as it is. Signed-off-by: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com> Cc: Yinghai Lu <yhlu.kernel@gmail.com> Cc: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28memory hotplug: allocate usemap on the section with pgdatYasunori Goto1-2/+13
Usemaps are allocated on the section which has pgdat by this. Because usemap size is very small, many other sections usemaps are allocated on only one page. If a section has usemap, it can't be removed until removing other sections. This dependency is not desirable for memory removing. Pgdat has similar feature. When a section has pgdat area, it must be the last section for removing on the node. So, if section A has pgdat and section B has usemap for section A, Both sections can't be removed due to dependency each other. To solve this issue, this patch collects usemap on same section with pgdat. If other sections doesn't have any dependency, this section will be able to be removed finally. Signed-off-by: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com> Cc: Yinghai Lu <yhlu.kernel@gmail.com> Cc: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28memory hotplug: make alloc_bootmem_section()Yasunori Goto2-0/+33
alloc_bootmem_section() can allocate specified section's area. This is used for usemap to keep same section with pgdat by later patch. Signed-off-by: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com> Cc: Yinghai Lu <yhlu.kernel@gmail.com> Cc: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28memory hotplug: align memmap to page sizeYasunori Goto1-2/+2
To free memmap easier, this patch aligns it to page size. Bootmem allocater may mix some objects in one pages. It's not good for freeing memmap of memory hot-remove. Signed-off-by: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com> Cc: Yinghai Lu <yhlu.kernel@gmail.com> Cc: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28memory hotplug: register section/node id to freeYasunori Goto5-3/+128
This patch set is to free pages which is allocated by bootmem for memory-hotremove. Some structures of memory management are allocated by bootmem. ex) memmap, etc. To remove memory physically, some of them must be freed according to circumstance. This patch set makes basis to free those pages, and free memmaps. Basic my idea is using remain members of struct page to remember information of users of bootmem (section number or node id). When the section is removing, kernel can confirm it. By this information, some issues can be solved. 1) When the memmap of removing section is allocated on other section by bootmem, it should/can be free. 2) When the memmap of removing section is allocated on the same section, it shouldn't be freed. Because the section has to be logical memory offlined already and all pages must be isolated against page allocater. If it is freed, page allocator may use it which will be removed physically soon. 3) When removing section has other section's memmap, kernel will be able to show easily which section should be removed before it for user. (Not implemented yet) 4) When the above case 2), the page isolation will be able to check and skip memmap's page when logical memory offline (offline_pages()). Current page isolation code fails in this case because this page is just reserved page and it can't distinguish this pages can be removed or not. But, it will be able to do by this patch. (Not implemented yet.) 5) The node information like pgdat has similar issues. But, this will be able to be solved too by this. (Not implemented yet, but, remembering node id in the pages.) Fortunately, current bootmem allocator just keeps PageReserved flags, and doesn't use any other members of page struct. The users of bootmem doesn't use them too. This patch: This is to register information which is node or section's id. Kernel can distinguish which node/section uses the pages allcated by bootmem. This is basis for hot-remove sections or nodes. Signed-off-by: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com> Cc: Yinghai Lu <yhlu.kernel@gmail.com> Cc: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28hugetlbfs: common code update for s390Gerald Schaefer6-15/+206
Huge ptes have a special type on s390 and cannot be handled with the standard pte functions in certain cases, e.g. because of a different location of the invalid bit. This patch adds some new architecture- specific functions to hugetlb common code, as a prerequisite for the s390 large page support. This won't affect other architectures in functionality, but I need to add some new dummy inline functions to the headers. Acked-by: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com> Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Cc: "Luck, Tony" <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28hugetlbfs: add missing TLB flush to hugetlb_cow()Gerald Schaefer6-0/+26
A cow break on a hugetlbfs page with page_count > 1 will set a new pte with set_huge_pte_at(), w/o any tlb flush operation. The old pte will remain in the tlb and subsequent write access to the page will result in a page fault loop, for as long as it may take until the tlb is flushed from somewhere else. This patch introduces an architecture-specific huge_ptep_clear_flush() function, which is called before the the set_huge_pte_at() in hugetlb_cow(). ATTENTION: This is just a nop on all architectures for now, the s390 implementation will come with our large page patch later. Other architectures should define their own huge_ptep_clear_flush() if needed. Acked-by: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com> Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Cc: "Luck, Tony" <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28hugetlbfs: architecture header cleanupGerald Schaefer9-60/+215
This patch moves all architecture functions for hugetlb to architecture header files (include/asm-foo/hugetlb.h) and converts all macros to inline functions. It also removes (!) ARCH_HAS_HUGEPAGE_ONLY_RANGE, ARCH_HAS_HUGETLB_FREE_PGD_RANGE, ARCH_HAS_PREPARE_HUGEPAGE_RANGE, ARCH_HAS_SETCLEAR_HUGE_PTE and ARCH_HAS_HUGETLB_PREFAULT_HOOK. Getting rid of the ARCH_HAS_xxx #ifdef and macro fugliness should increase readability and maintainability, at the price of some code duplication. An asm-generic common part would have reduced the loc, but we would end up with new ARCH_HAS_xxx defines eventually. Acked-by: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com> Cc: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Cc: "Luck, Tony" <tony.luck@intel.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28mempolicy: use struct mempolicy pointer in shmem_sb_infoLee Schermerhorn5-95/+134
This patch replaces the mempolicy mode, mode_flags, and nodemask in the shmem_sb_info struct with a struct mempolicy pointer, initialized to NULL. This removes dependency on the details of mempolicy from shmem.c and hugetlbfs inode.c and simplifies the interfaces. mpol_parse_str() in mempolicy.c is changed to return, via a pointer to a pointer arg, a struct mempolicy pointer on success. For MPOL_DEFAULT, the returned pointer is NULL. Further, mpol_parse_str() now takes a 'no_context' argument that causes the input nodemask to be stored in the w.user_nodemask of the created mempolicy for use when the mempolicy is installed in a tmpfs inode shared policy tree. At that time, any cpuset contextualization is applied to the original input nodemask. This preserves the previous behavior where the input nodemask was stored in the superblock. We can think of the returned mempolicy as "context free". Because mpol_parse_str() is now calling mpol_new(), we can remove from mpol_to_str() the semantic checks that mpol_new() already performs. Add 'no_context' parameter to mpol_to_str() to specify that it should format the nodemask in w.user_nodemask for 'bind' and 'interleave' policies. Change mpol_shared_policy_init() to take a pointer to a "context free" struct mempolicy and to create a new, "contextualized" mempolicy using the mode, mode_flags and user_nodemask from the input mempolicy. Note: we know that the mempolicy passed to mpol_to_str() or mpol_shared_policy_init() from a tmpfs superblock is "context free". This is currently the only instance thereof. However, if we found more uses for this concept, and introduced any ambiguity as to whether a mempolicy was context free or not, we could add another internal mode flag to identify context free mempolicies. Then, we could remove the 'no_context' argument from mpol_to_str(). Added shmem_get_sbmpol() to return a reference counted superblock mempolicy, if one exists, to pass to mpol_shared_policy_init(). We must add the reference under the sb stat_lock to prevent races with replacement of the mpol by remount. This reference is removed in mpol_shared_policy_init(). [akpm@linux-foundation.org: build fix] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: another build fix] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: yet another build fix] Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28mempolicy: support mpol=local tmpfs mount optionLee Schermerhorn1-8/+17
For tmpfs/shmem shared policies, MPOL_DEFAULT is not necessarily equivalent to "local allocation". Because shared policies are at the same "scope" level [see Documentation/vm/numa_memory_policy.txt], as vma policies MPOL_DEFAULT means "fall back to current task policy". This patch extends the memory policy string parsing function to display "local" for MPOL_PREFERRED + MPOL_F_LOCAL. This allows one to specify local allocation as the default policy for shared memory areas via the tmpfs mpol mount option, regardless of the current task's policy. Also, "local" is now displayed for this policy. This patch allows us to accept the same input format as the display. Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28mempolicy: rework shmem mpol parsing and displayLee Schermerhorn3-107/+136
mm/shmem.c currently contains functions to parse and display memory policy strings for the tmpfs 'mpol' mount option. Move this to mm/mempolicy.c with the rest of the mempolicy support. With subsequent patches, we'll be able to remove knowledge of the details [mode, flags, policy, ...] completely from shmem.c 1) replace shmem_parse_mpol() in mm/shmem.c with mpol_parse_str() in mm/mempolicy.c. Rework to use the policy_types[] array [used by mpol_to_str()] to look up mode by name. 2) use mpol_to_str() to format policy for shmem_show_mpol(). mpol_to_str() expects a pointer to a struct mempolicy, so temporarily construct one. This will be replaced with a reference to a struct mempolicy in the tmpfs superblock in a subsequent patch. NOTE 1: I changed mpol_to_str() to use a colon ':' rather than an equal sign '=' as the nodemask delimiter to match mpol_parse_str() and the tmpfs/shmem mpol mount option formatting that now uses mpol_to_str(). This is a user visible change to numa_maps, but then the addition of the mode flags already changed the display. It makes sense to me to have the mounts and numa_maps display the policy in the same format. However, if anyone objects strongly, I can pass the desired nodemask delimeter as an arg to mpol_to_str(). Note 2: Like show_numa_map(), I don't check the return code from mpol_to_str(). I do use a longer buffer than the one provided by show_numa_map(), which seems to have sufficed so far. Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28mempolicy: clean-up mpol-to-str() mempolicy formattingLee Schermerhorn1-6/+11
mpol-to-str() formats memory policies into printable strings. Currently this is only used to display "numa_maps". A subsequent patch will use mpol_to_str() for formatting tmpfs [shmem] mpol mount options, allowing us to remove essentially duplicate code in mm/shmem.c. This patch cleans up mpol_to_str() generally and in preparation for that patch. 1) show_numa_maps() is not checking the return code from mpol_to_str(). There's not a lot we can do in this context if mpol_to_str() did return the error [insufficient space in buffer]. Proposed "solution": just check, under DEBUG_VM, that callers are providing sufficient buffer space for the policy, flags, and a few nodes. This way, we'll get some display. show_numa_maps() is providing a 50-byte buffer, so it won't trip this check. 50-bytes should be sufficient unless one has a large number of nodes in a very sparse nodemask. 2) The display of the new mode flags ["static" & "relative"] was set up to display multiple flags, separated by a "bar" '|'. However, this support is incomplete--e.g., need_bar was never incremented; and currently, these two flags are mutually exclusive. So remove the "bar" support, for now, and only display one flag. 3) Use snprint() to format flags, so as not to overflow the buffer. Not that it's ever happed, AFAIK. Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28mempolicy: use MPOL_F_LOCAL to Indicate Preferred Local PolicyLee Schermerhorn3-31/+28
Now that we're using "preferred local" policy for system default, we need to make this as fast as possible. Because of the variable size of the mempolicy structure [based on size of nodemasks], the preferred_node may be in a different cacheline from the mode. This can result in accessing an extra cacheline in the normal case of system default policy. Suspect this is the cause of an observed 2-3% slowdown in page fault testing relative to kernel without this patch series. To alleviate this, use an internal mode flag, MPOL_F_LOCAL in the mempolicy flags member which is guaranteed [?] to be in the same cacheline as the mode itself. Verified that reworked mempolicy now performs slightly better on 25-rc8-mm1 for both anon and shmem segments with system default and vma [preferred local] policy. Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28mempolicy: mPOL_PREFERRED cleanups for "local allocation"Lee Schermerhorn1-10/+18
Here are a couple of "cleanups" for MPOL_PREFERRED behavior when v.preferred_node < 0 -- i.e., "local allocation": 1) [do_]get_mempolicy() calls the now renamed get_policy_nodemask() to fetch the nodemask associated with a policy. Currently, get_policy_nodemask() returns the set of nodes with memory, when the policy 'mode' is 'PREFERRED, and the preferred_node is < 0. Change to return an empty nodemask, as this is what was specified to achieve "local allocation". 2) When a task is moved into a [new] cpuset, mpol_rebind_policy() is called to adjust any task and vma policy nodes to be valid in the new cpuset. However, when the policy is MPOL_PREFERRED, and the preferred_node is <0, no rebind is necessary. The "local allocation" indication is valid in any cpuset. Existing code will "do the right thing" because node_remap() will just return the argument node when it is outside of the valid range of node ids. However, I think it is clearer and cleaner to skip the remap explicitly in this case. 3) mpol_to_str() produces a printable, "human readable" string from a struct mempolicy. For MPOL_PREFERRED with preferred_node <0, show "local", as this indicates local allocation, as the task migrates among nodes. Note that this matches the usage of "local allocation" in libnuma() and numactl. Without this change, I believe that node_set() [via set_bit()] will set bit 31, resulting in a misleading display. Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28mempolicy: use MPOL_PREFERRED for system-wide default policyLee Schermerhorn2-62/+60
Currently, when one specifies MPOL_DEFAULT via a NUMA memory policy API [set_mempolicy(), mbind() and internal versions], the kernel simply installs a NULL struct mempolicy pointer in the appropriate context: task policy, vma policy, or shared policy. This causes any use of that policy to "fall back" to the next most specific policy scope. The only use of MPOL_DEFAULT to mean "local allocation" is in the system default policy. This requires extra checks/cases for MPOL_DEFAULT in many mempolicy.c functions. There is another, "preferred" way to specify local allocation via the APIs. That is using the MPOL_PREFERRED policy mode with an empty nodemask. Internally, the empty nodemask gets converted to a preferred_node id of '-1'. All internal usage of MPOL_PREFERRED will convert the '-1' to the id of the node local to the cpu where the allocation occurs. System default policy, except during boot, is hard-coded to "local allocation". By using the MPOL_PREFERRED mode with a negative value of preferred node for system default policy, MPOL_DEFAULT will never occur in the 'policy' member of a struct mempolicy. Thus, we can remove all checks for MPOL_DEFAULT when converting policy to a node id/zonelist in the allocation paths. In slab_node() return local node id when policy pointer is NULL. No need to set a pol value to take the switch default. Replace switch default with BUG()--i.e., shouldn't happen. With this patch MPOL_DEFAULT is only used in the APIs, including internal calls to do_set_mempolicy() and in the display of policy in /proc/<pid>/numa_maps. It always means "fall back" to the the next most specific policy scope. This simplifies the description of memory policies quite a bit, with no visible change in behavior. get_mempolicy() continues to return MPOL_DEFAULT and an empty nodemask when the requested policy [task or vma/shared] is NULL. These are the values one would supply via set_mempolicy() or mbind() to achieve that condition--default behavior. This patch updates Documentation to reflect this change. Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28mempolicy: rework mempolicy Reference Counting [yet again]Lee Schermerhorn6-77/+195
After further discussion with Christoph Lameter, it has become clear that my earlier attempts to clean up the mempolicy reference counting were a bit of overkill in some areas, resulting in superflous ref/unref in what are usually fast paths. In other areas, further inspection reveals that I botched the unref for interleave policies. A separate patch, suitable for upstream/stable trees, fixes up the known errors in the previous attempt to fix reference counting. This patch reworks the memory policy referencing counting and, one hopes, simplifies the code. Maybe I'll get it right this time. See the update to the numa_memory_policy.txt document for a discussion of memory policy reference counting that motivates this patch. Summary: Lookup of mempolicy, based on (vma, address) need only add a reference for shared policy, and we need only unref the policy when finished for shared policies. So, this patch backs out all of the unneeded extra reference counting added by my previous attempt. It then unrefs only shared policies when we're finished with them, using the mpol_cond_put() [conditional put] helper function introduced by this patch. Note that shmem_swapin() calls read_swap_cache_async() with a dummy vma containing just the policy. read_swap_cache_async() can call alloc_page_vma() multiple times, so we can't let alloc_page_vma() unref the shared policy in this case. To avoid this, we make a copy of any non-null shared policy and remove the MPOL_F_SHARED flag from the copy. This copy occurs before reading a page [or multiple pages] from swap, so the overhead should not be an issue here. I introduced a new static inline function "mpol_cond_copy()" to copy the shared policy to an on-stack policy and remove the flags that would require a conditional free. The current implementation of mpol_cond_copy() assumes that the struct mempolicy contains no pointers to dynamically allocated structures that must be duplicated or reference counted during copy. Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28mempolicy: document {set|get}_policy() vm_ops APIsLee Schermerhorn1-0/+18
Document mempolicy return value reference semantics assumed by the rest of the mempolicy code for the set_ and get_policy vm_ops in <linux/mm.h>--where the prototypes are defined--to inform any future mempolicy vm_op writers what the rest of the subsystem expects of them. Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28mempolicy: mark shared policies for unrefLee Schermerhorn2-0/+8
As part of yet another rework of mempolicy reference counting, we want to be able to identify shared policies efficiently, because they have an extra ref taken on lookup that needs to be removed when we're finished using the policy. Note: the extra ref is required because the policies are shared between tasks/processes and can be changed/freed by one task while another task is using them--e.g., for page allocation. Building on David Rientjes mempolicy "mode flags" enhancement, this patch indicates a "shared" policy by setting a new MPOL_F_SHARED flag in the flags member of the struct mempolicy added by David. MPOL_F_SHARED, and any future "internal mode flags" are reserved from bit zero up, as they will never be passed in the upper bits of the mode argument of a mempolicy API. I set the MPOL_F_SHARED flag when the policy is installed in the shared policy rb-tree. Don't need/want to clear the flag when removing from the tree as the mempolicy is freed [unref'd] internally to the sp_delete() function. However, a task could hold another reference on this mempolicy from a prior lookup. We need the MPOL_F_SHARED flag to stay put so that any tasks holding a ref will unref, eventually freeing, the mempolicy. A later patch in this series will introduce a function to conditionally unref [mpol_free] a policy. The MPOL_F_SHARED flag is one reason [currently the only reason] to unref/free a policy via the conditional free. Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28mempolicy: rename struct mempolicy 'policy' member to 'mode'Lee Schermerhorn3-30/+26
The terms 'policy' and 'mode' are both used in various places to describe the semantics of the value stored in the 'policy' member of struct mempolicy. Furthermore, the term 'policy' is used to refer to that member, to the entire struct mempolicy and to the more abstract concept of the tuple consisting of a "mode" and an optional node or set of nodes. Recently, we have added "mode flags" that are passed in the upper bits of the 'mode' [or sometimes, 'policy'] member of the numa APIs. I'd like to resolve this confusion, which perhaps only exists in my mind, by renaming the 'policy' member to 'mode' throughout, and fixing up the Documentation. Man pages will be updated separately. Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28mempolicy: fixup Fallback for Default Shmem PolicyLee Schermerhorn2-4/+6
get_vma_policy() is not handling fallback to task policy correctly when the get_policy() vm_op returns NULL. The NULL overwrites the 'pol' variable that was holding the fallback task mempolicy. So, it was falling back directly to system default policy. Fix get_vma_policy() to use only non-NULL policy returned from the vma get_policy op. shm_get_policy() was falling back to current task's mempolicy if the "backing file system" [tmpfs vs hugetlbfs] does not support the get_policy vm_op and the vma policy is null. This is incorrect for show_numa_maps() which is likely querying the numa_maps of some task other than current. Remove this fallback. Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28mempolicy: write lock mmap_sem while changing task mempolicyLee Schermerhorn1-0/+13
A read of /proc/<pid>/numa_maps holds the target task's mmap_sem for read while examining each vma's mempolicy. A vma's mempolicy can fall back to the task's policy. However, the task could be changing it's task policy and free the one that the show_numa_maps() is examining. To prevent this, grab the mmap_sem for write when updating task mempolicy. Pointed out to me by Christoph Lameter and extracted and reworked from Christoph's alternative mempol reference counting patch. This is analogous to the way that do_mbind() and do_get_mempolicy() prevent races between task's sharing an mm_struct [a.k.a. threads] setting and querying a mempolicy for a particular address. Note: this is necessary, but not sufficient, to allow us to stop taking an extra reference on "other task's mempolicy" in get_vma_policy. Subsequent patches will complete this update, allowing us to simplify the tests for whether we need to unref a mempolicy at various points in the code. Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28mempolicy: rename mpol_copy to mpol_dupLee Schermerhorn5-16/+16
This patch renames mpol_copy() to mpol_dup() because, well, that's what it does. Like, e.g., strdup() for strings, mpol_dup() takes a pointer to an existing mempolicy, allocates a new one and copies the contents. In a later patch, I want to use the name mpol_copy() to copy the contents from one mempolicy to another like, e.g., strcpy() does for strings. Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28mempolicy: rename mpol_free to mpol_putLee Schermerhorn7-26/+26
This is a change that was requested some time ago by Mel Gorman. Makes sense to me, so here it is. Note: I retain the name "mpol_free_shared_policy()" because it actually does free the shared_policy, which is NOT a reference counted object. However, ... The mempolicy object[s] referenced by the shared_policy are reference counted, so mpol_put() is used to release the reference held by the shared_policy. The mempolicy might not be freed at this time, because some task attached to the shared object associated with the shared policy may be in the process of allocating a page based on the mempolicy. In that case, the task performing the allocation will hold a reference on the mempolicy, obtained via mpol_shared_policy_lookup(). The mempolicy will be freed when all tasks holding such a reference have called mpol_put() for the mempolicy. Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28Subject: [PATCH] hugetlb: vmstat events for huge page allocationsAdam Litke3-0/+15
Allocating huge pages directly from the buddy allocator is not guaranteed to succeed. Success depends on several factors (such as the amount of physical memory available and the level of fragmentation). With the addition of dynamic hugetlb pool resizing, allocations can occur much more frequently. For these reasons it is desirable to keep track of huge page allocation successes and failures. Add two new vmstat entries to track huge page allocations that succeed and fail. The presence of the two entries is contingent upon CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE being enabled. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: reduced ifdeffery] Signed-off-by: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Eric Munson <ebmunson@us.ibm.com> Tested-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Reviewed-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28vmcoreinfo: add page flags valuesKen'ichi Ohmichi1-0/+3
Add some values of page flags to the vmcoreinfo data. The vmcoreinfo data has the minimum debugging information only for dump filtering. makedumpfile (dump filtering command) gets it to distinguish unnecessary pages, and makedumpfile creates a small dumpfile. An old makedumpfile (v1.2.4 or before) had assumed some values of page flags internally, and this implementation could not follow the change of these values. For example, Christoph Lameter is changing these values by the follwing patch: http://lkml.org/lkml/2008/2/29/463 So a new makedumpfile (v1.2.5) came to need these values and I created this patch to let the kernel output them. Signed-off-by: Ken'ichi Ohmichi <oomichi@mxs.nes.nec.co.jp> Cc: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Acked-by: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28s390: implement pte special bitNick Piggin1-1/+4
Convert XIP to support non-struct page backed memory, using VM_MIXEDMAP for the user mappings. This requires the get_xip_page API to be changed to an address based one. Improve the API layering a little bit too, while we're here. This is required in order to support XIP filesystems on memory that isn't backed with struct page (but memory with struct page is still supported too). Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Acked-by: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com> Cc: Jared Hulbert <jaredeh@gmail.com> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28xip: support non-struct page backed memoryNick Piggin8-132/+126
Convert XIP to support non-struct page backed memory, using VM_MIXEDMAP for the user mappings. This requires the get_xip_page API to be changed to an address based one. Improve the API layering a little bit too, while we're here. This is required in order to support XIP filesystems on memory that isn't backed with struct page (but memory with struct page is still supported too). Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Acked-by: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com> Cc: Jared Hulbert <jaredeh@gmail.com> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28return pfn from direct_access, for XIPJared Hulbert5-18/+27
Alter the block device ->direct_access() API to work with the new get_xip_mem() API (that requires both kaddr and pfn are returned). Some architectures will not do the right thing in their virt_to_page() for use by XIP (to translate from the kernel virtual address returned by direct_access(), to a user mappable pfn in XIP's page fault handler. However, we can't switch it to just return the pfn and not the kaddr, because we have no good way to get a kva from a pfn, and XIP requires the kva for its read(2) and write(2) handlers. So we have to return both. Signed-off-by: Jared Hulbert <jaredeh@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Cc: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28mm: add vm_insert_mixedNick Piggin2-26/+62
vm_insert_mixed will insert either a raw pfn or a refcounted struct page into the page tables, depending on whether vm_normal_page() will return the page or not. With the introduction of the new pte bit, this is now a too tricky for drivers to be doing themselves. filemap_xip uses this in a subsequent patch. Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Cc: Jared Hulbert <jaredeh@gmail.com> Cc: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28mm: introduce pte_special pte bitNick Piggin25-49/+168
s390 for one, cannot implement VM_MIXEDMAP with pfn_valid, due to their memory model (which is more dynamic than most). Instead, they had proposed to implement it with an additional path through vm_normal_page(), using a bit in the pte to determine whether or not the page should be refcounted: vm_normal_page() { ... if (unlikely(vma->vm_flags & (VM_PFNMAP|VM_MIXEDMAP))) { if (vma->vm_flags & VM_MIXEDMAP) { #ifdef s390 if (!mixedmap_refcount_pte(pte)) return NULL; #else if (!pfn_valid(pfn)) return NULL; #endif goto out; } ... } This is fine, however if we are allowed to use a bit in the pte to determine refcountedness, we can use that to _completely_ replace all the vma based schemes. So instead of adding more cases to the already complex vma-based scheme, we can have a clearly seperate and simple pte-based scheme (and get slightly better code generation in the process): vm_normal_page() { #ifdef s390 if (!mixedmap_refcount_pte(pte)) return NULL; return pte_page(pte); #else ... #endif } And finally, we may rather make this concept usable by any architecture rather than making it s390 only, so implement a new type of pte state for this. Unfortunately the old vma based code must stay, because some architectures may not be able to spare pte bits. This makes vm_normal_page a little bit more ugly than we would like, but the 2 cases are clearly seperate. So introduce a pte_special pte state, and use it in mm/memory.c. It is currently a noop for all architectures, so this doesn't actually result in any compiled code changes to mm/memory.o. BTW: I haven't put vm_normal_page() into arch code as-per an earlier suggestion. The reason is that, regardless of where vm_normal_page is actually implemented, the *abstraction* is still exactly the same. Also, while it depends on whether the architecture has pte_special or not, that is the only two possible cases, and it really isn't an arch specific function -- the role of the arch code should be to provide primitive functions and accessors with which to build the core code; pte_special does that. We do not want architectures to know or care about vm_normal_page itself, and we definitely don't want them being able to invent something new there out of sight of mm/ code. If we made vm_normal_page an arch function, then we have to make vm_insert_mixed (next patch) an arch function too. So I don't think moving it to arch code fundamentally improves any abstractions, while it does practically make the code more difficult to follow, for both mm and arch developers, and easier to misuse. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: build fix] Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Acked-by: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com> Cc: Jared Hulbert <jaredeh@gmail.com> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28mm: introduce VM_MIXEDMAPJared Hulbert2-21/+59
This series introduces some important infrastructure work. The overall result is that: 1. We now support XIP backed filesystems using memory that have no struct page allocated to them. And patches 6 and 7 actually implement this for s390. This is pretty important in a number of cases. As far as I understand, in the case of virtualisation (eg. s390), each guest may mount a readonly copy of the same filesystem (eg. the distro). Currently, guests need to allocate struct pages for this image. So if you have 100 guests, you already need to allocate more memory for the struct pages than the size of the image. I think. (Carsten?) For other (eg. embedded) systems, you may have a very large non- volatile filesystem. If you have to have struct pages for this, then your RAM consumption will go up proportionally to fs size. Even though it is just a small proportion, the RAM can be much more costly eg in terms of power, so every KB less that Linux uses makes it more attractive to a lot of these guys. 2. VM_MIXEDMAP allows us to support mappings where you actually do want to refcount _some_ pages in the mapping, but not others, and support COW on arbitrary (non-linear) mappings. Jared needs this for his NVRAM filesystem in progress. Future iterations of this filesystem will most likely want to migrate pages between pagecache and XIP backing, which is where the requirement for mixed (some refcounted, some not) comes from. 3. pte_special also has a peripheral usage that I need for my lockless get_user_pages patch. That was shown to speed up "oltp" on db2 by 10% on a 2 socket system, which is kind of significant because they scrounge for months to try to find 0.1% improvement on these workloads. I'm hoping we might finally be faster than AIX on pSeries with this :). My reference to lockless get_user_pages is not meant to justify this patchset (which doesn't include lockless gup), but just to show that pte_special is not some s390 specific thing that should be hidden in arch code or xip code: I definitely want to use it on at least x86 and powerpc as well. This patch: Introduce a new type of mapping, VM_MIXEDMAP. This is unlike VM_PFNMAP in that it can support COW mappings of arbitrary ranges including ranges without struct page *and* ranges with a struct page that we actually want to refcount (PFNMAP can only support COW in those cases where the un-COW-ed translations are mapped linearly in the virtual address, and can only support non refcounted ranges). VM_MIXEDMAP achieves this by refcounting all pfn_valid pages, and not refcounting !pfn_valid pages (which is not an option for VM_PFNMAP, because it needs to avoid refcounting pfn_valid pages eg. for /dev/mem mappings). Signed-off-by: Jared Hulbert <jaredeh@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Acked-by: Carsten Otte <cotte@de.ibm.com> Cc: Jared Hulbert <jaredeh@gmail.com> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28smaps: account swap entriesPeter Zijlstra1-4/+12
Show the amount of swap for each vma. This can be used to see where all the swap goes. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Acked-by: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com> Acked-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28PAGEFLAGS_EXTENDED and separate page flags for Head and TailChristoph Lameter2-0/+40
Having separate page flags for the head and the tail of a compound page allows the compiler to use bitops instead of operations on a word to check for a tail page. That is f.e. important for virt_to_head_page() which is used in various critical code paths (kfree for example): Code for PageTail(page) Before: mov (%rdi),%rdx page->flags mov %rdx,%rax 3 bytes and $0x12000,%eax 5 bytes cmp $0x12000,%rax 6 bytes je 897 <kfree+0xa7> After: mov (%rdi),%rax test $0x40,%ah (3 bytes) jne 887 <kfree+0x97> So we go from 14 bytes to 3 bytes and from 3 instructions to one. From the use of 2 registers we go to none. We can only use page flags for this if we have page flags available. This patch introduces CONFIG_PAGEFLAGS_EXTENDED that is set if pageflags are not scarce due to SPARSEMEM using page flags for its sectionid on 32 bit NUMA platforms. Additional page flag definitions can be added to the CONFIG_PAGEFLAGS_EXTENDED section in page-flags.h if the functionality depends on PAGEFLAGS_EXTENDED or if more page flag overlapping tricks are used for the !PAGEFLAGS_EXTENDED fallback (the upcoming virtual compound patch may hook in here and Rik's/Lee's additional page flags to solve the reclaim issues could also be added there [hint... hint... where are these patchsets?]). Avoiding the overlaying of Pg_reclaim also clears the way for possible use of compound pages for the pagecache or on the LRU. Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28mm: Get rid of __ZONE_COUNTChristoph Lameter2-17/+13
It was used to compensate because MAX_NR_ZONES was not available to the #ifdefs. Export MAX_NR_ZONES via the new mechanism and get rid of __ZONE_COUNT. Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28page flags: add PAGEFLAGS_FALSE for flags that are always falseChristoph Lameter1-12/+7
Turns out that there are a number of times that a flag is simply always returning 0. Define a macro for that. Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28page flags: handle PG_uncached like all other flagsChristoph Lameter1-11/+8
Remove the special setup for PG_uncached and simply make it part of the enum. The page flag will only be allocated when the kernel build includes the uncached allocator. Acked-by: Dean Nelson <dcn@sgi.com> Cc: Jes Sorensen <jes@trained-monkey.org> Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28pageflags: eliminate PG_xxx aliasesChristoph Lameter2-9/+5
Remove aliases of PG_xxx. We can easily drop those now and alias by specifying the PG_xxx flag in the macro that generates the functions. Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28pageflags: use proper page flag functions in XenChristoph Lameter2-3/+3
Xen uses bitops to manipulate page flags. Make it use proper page flag functions. Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28pageflags: convert to the use of new macrosChristoph Lameter1-127/+68
Replace explicit definitions of page flags through the use of macros. Significantly reduces the size of the definitions and removes a lot of opportunity for errors. Additonal page flags can typically be generated with a single line. Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28pageflags: introduce macros to generate page flag functionsChristoph Lameter1-0/+41
Introduce a set of macros that generate functions to handle page flags. A page flag function group typically starts with either SETPAGEFLAG(<part of function name>,<part of PG_ flagname>) to create a set of page flag operations that are atomic. Or __SETPAGEFLAG(<part of function name>,<part of PG_ flagname) to create a set of page flag operations that are not atomic. Then additional operations can be added using the following macros TESTSCFLAG Create additional atomic test-and-set and test-and-clear functions TESTSETFLAG Create additional test and set function TESTCLEARFLAG Create additional test and clear function SETPAGEFLAG Create additional atomic set function CLEARPAGEFLAG Create additional atomic clear function __TESTPAGEFLAG Create additional non atomic set function __SETPAGEFLAG Create additional non atomic clear function Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28pageflags: get rid of FLAGS_RESERVEDChristoph Lameter5-31/+31
NR_PAGEFLAGS specifies the number of page flags we are using. From that we can calculate the number of bits leftover that can be used for zone, node (and maybe the sections id). There is no need anymore for FLAGS_RESERVED if we use NR_PAGEFLAGS. Use the new methods to make NR_PAGEFLAGS available via the preprocessor. NR_PAGEFLAGS is used to calculate field boundaries in the page flags fields. These field widths have to be available to the preprocessor. Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: David Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28pageflags: use an enum for the flagsChristoph Lameter1-30/+26
Use an enum to ease the maintenance of page flags. This is going to change the numbering from 0 to 18. Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-04-28pageflags: standardize comment inclusion in asm-offsets.h and fix MIPSChristoph Lameter2-205/+205
Add the ability to pass comments into asm-offsets.h by generating asm output like -># comment line Mips needs this feature to preserve the comments that are in asm-mips/asm-offsets.h right now. Then remove the special handling for mips from Kbuild and convert mips to use the new string to include the comments. Cc: Ralf Baechle <ralf@linux-mips.org> Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <clameter@sgi.com> Cc: Sam Ravnborg <sam@ravnborg.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

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