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2006-09-29[PATCH] check return value of cpu_callbackAkinobu Mita1-1/+2
Spawing ksoftirqd, migration, or watchdog, and calling init_timers_cpu() may fail with small memory. If it happens in initcalls, kernel NULL pointer dereference happens later. This patch makes crash happen immediately in such cases. It seems a bit better than getting kernel NULL pointer dereference later. Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Akinobu Mita <mita@miraclelinux.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-07-31[PATCH] cpu hotplug: replace __devinit* with __cpuinit* for cpu notificationsChandra Seetharaman1-2/+2
Few of the callback functions and notifier blocks that are associated with cpu notifications incorrectly have __devinit and __devinitdata. They should be __cpuinit and __cpuinitdata instead. It makes no functional difference but wastes text area when CONFIG_HOTPLUG is enabled and CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU is not. This patch fixes all those instances. Signed-off-by: Chandra Seetharaman <sekharan@us.ibm.com> Cc: Ashok Raj <ashok.raj@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-06-27[PATCH] cpu hotplug: revert initdata patch submitted for 2.6.17Chandra Seetharaman1-1/+1
This patch reverts notifier_block changes made in 2.6.17 Signed-off-by: Chandra Seetharaman <sekharan@us.ibm.com> Cc: Ashok Raj <ashok.raj@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-06-27[PATCH] cpu hotplug: revert init patch submitted for 2.6.17Chandra Seetharaman1-1/+1
In 2.6.17, there was a problem with cpu_notifiers and XFS. I provided a band-aid solution to solve that problem. In the process, i undid all the changes you both were making to ensure that these notifiers were available only at init time (unless CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU is defined). We deferred the real fix to 2.6.18. Here is a set of patches that fixes the XFS problem cleanly and makes the cpu notifiers available only at init time (unless CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU is defined). If CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU is defined then cpu notifiers are available at run time. This patch reverts the notifier_call changes made in 2.6.17 Signed-off-by: Chandra Seetharaman <sekharan@us.ibm.com> Cc: Ashok Raj <ashok.raj@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-06-25[PATCH] cpu hotplug: fix CPU_UP_CANCEL handlingHeiko Carstens1-0/+2
If a cpu hotplug callback fails on CPU_UP_PREPARE, all callbacks will be called with CPU_UP_CANCELED. A few of these callbacks assume that on CPU_UP_PREPARE a pointer to task has been stored in a percpu array. This assumption is not true if CPU_UP_PREPARE fails and the following calls to kthread_bind() in CPU_UP_CANCELED will cause an addressing exception because of passing a NULL pointer. Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: Ashok Raj <ashok.raj@intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-06-25[PATCH] Define __raw_get_cpu_var and use itPaul Mackerras1-1/+1
There are several instances of per_cpu(foo, raw_smp_processor_id()), which is semantically equivalent to __get_cpu_var(foo) but without the warning that smp_processor_id() can give if CONFIG_DEBUG_PREEMPT is enabled. For those architectures with optimized per-cpu implementations, namely ia64, powerpc, s390, sparc64 and x86_64, per_cpu() turns into more and slower code than __get_cpu_var(), so it would be preferable to use __get_cpu_var on those platforms. This defines a __raw_get_cpu_var(x) macro which turns into per_cpu(x, raw_smp_processor_id()) on architectures that use the generic per-cpu implementation, and turns into __get_cpu_var(x) on the architectures that have an optimized per-cpu implementation. Signed-off-by: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org> Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Acked-by: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-04-26[PATCH] Remove __devinit and __cpuinit from notifier_call definitionsChandra Seetharaman1-1/+1
Few of the notifier_chain_register() callers use __init in the definition of notifier_call. It is incorrect as the function definition should be available after the initializations (they do not unregister them during initializations). This patch fixes all such usages to _not_ have the notifier_call __init section. Signed-off-by: Chandra Seetharaman <sekharan@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-04-26[PATCH] Remove __devinitdata from notifier block definitionsChandra Seetharaman1-1/+1
Few of the notifier_chain_register() callers use __devinitdata in the definition of notifier_block data structure. It is incorrect as the data structure should be available after the initializations (they do not unregister them during initializations). This was leading to an oops when notifier_chain_register() call is invoked for those callback chains after initialization. This patch fixes all such usages to _not_ have the notifier_block data structure in the init data section. Signed-off-by: Chandra Seetharaman <sekharan@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-03-27[PATCH] Notifier chain update: API changesAlan Stern1-1/+1
The kernel's implementation of notifier chains is unsafe. There is no protection against entries being added to or removed from a chain while the chain is in use. The issues were discussed in this thread: http://marc.theaimsgroup.com/?l=linux-kernel&m=113018709002036&w=2 We noticed that notifier chains in the kernel fall into two basic usage classes: "Blocking" chains are always called from a process context and the callout routines are allowed to sleep; "Atomic" chains can be called from an atomic context and the callout routines are not allowed to sleep. We decided to codify this distinction and make it part of the API. Therefore this set of patches introduces three new, parallel APIs: one for blocking notifiers, one for atomic notifiers, and one for "raw" notifiers (which is really just the old API under a new name). New kinds of data structures are used for the heads of the chains, and new routines are defined for registration, unregistration, and calling a chain. The three APIs are explained in include/linux/notifier.h and their implementation is in kernel/sys.c. With atomic and blocking chains, the implementation guarantees that the chain links will not be corrupted and that chain callers will not get messed up by entries being added or removed. For raw chains the implementation provides no guarantees at all; users of this API must provide their own protections. (The idea was that situations may come up where the assumptions of the atomic and blocking APIs are not appropriate, so it should be possible for users to handle these things in their own way.) There are some limitations, which should not be too hard to live with. For atomic/blocking chains, registration and unregistration must always be done in a process context since the chain is protected by a mutex/rwsem. Also, a callout routine for a non-raw chain must not try to register or unregister entries on its own chain. (This did happen in a couple of places and the code had to be changed to avoid it.) Since atomic chains may be called from within an NMI handler, they cannot use spinlocks for synchronization. Instead we use RCU. The overhead falls almost entirely in the unregister routine, which is okay since unregistration is much less frequent that calling a chain. Here is the list of chains that we adjusted and their classifications. None of them use the raw API, so for the moment it is only a placeholder. ATOMIC CHAINS ------------- arch/i386/kernel/traps.c: i386die_chain arch/ia64/kernel/traps.c: ia64die_chain arch/powerpc/kernel/traps.c: powerpc_die_chain arch/sparc64/kernel/traps.c: sparc64die_chain arch/x86_64/kernel/traps.c: die_chain drivers/char/ipmi/ipmi_si_intf.c: xaction_notifier_list kernel/panic.c: panic_notifier_list kernel/profile.c: task_free_notifier net/bluetooth/hci_core.c: hci_notifier net/ipv4/netfilter/ip_conntrack_core.c: ip_conntrack_chain net/ipv4/netfilter/ip_conntrack_core.c: ip_conntrack_expect_chain net/ipv6/addrconf.c: inet6addr_chain net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c: nf_conntrack_chain net/netfilter/nf_conntrack_core.c: nf_conntrack_expect_chain net/netlink/af_netlink.c: netlink_chain BLOCKING CHAINS --------------- arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/reconfig.c: pSeries_reconfig_chain arch/s390/kernel/process.c: idle_chain arch/x86_64/kernel/process.c idle_notifier drivers/base/memory.c: memory_chain drivers/cpufreq/cpufreq.c cpufreq_policy_notifier_list drivers/cpufreq/cpufreq.c cpufreq_transition_notifier_list drivers/macintosh/adb.c: adb_client_list drivers/macintosh/via-pmu.c sleep_notifier_list drivers/macintosh/via-pmu68k.c sleep_notifier_list drivers/macintosh/windfarm_core.c wf_client_list drivers/usb/core/notify.c usb_notifier_list drivers/video/fbmem.c fb_notifier_list kernel/cpu.c cpu_chain kernel/module.c module_notify_list kernel/profile.c munmap_notifier kernel/profile.c task_exit_notifier kernel/sys.c reboot_notifier_list net/core/dev.c netdev_chain net/decnet/dn_dev.c: dnaddr_chain net/ipv4/devinet.c: inetaddr_chain It's possible that some of these classifications are wrong. If they are, please let us know or submit a patch to fix them. Note that any chain that gets called very frequently should be atomic, because the rwsem read-locking used for blocking chains is very likely to incur cache misses on SMP systems. (However, if the chain's callout routines may sleep then the chain cannot be atomic.) The patch set was written by Alan Stern and Chandra Seetharaman, incorporating material written by Keith Owens and suggestions from Paul McKenney and Andrew Morton. [jes@sgi.com: restructure the notifier chain initialization macros] Signed-off-by: Alan Stern <stern@rowland.harvard.edu> Signed-off-by: Chandra Seetharaman <sekharan@us.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Jes Sorensen <jes@sgi.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-03-25[PATCH] timer irq driven soft watchdog fixAndrew Morton1-0/+1
I seem to have lost this hunk in yesterday's patch. It brings the coming-online CPU's softlockup timer up to date so we don't get false-positive tripups during CPU hot-add. Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2006-03-24[PATCH] timer-irq-driven soft-watchdog, cleanupsIngo Molnar1-24/+30
Make the softlockup detector purely timer-interrupt driven, removing softirq-context (timer) dependencies. This means that if the softlockup watchdog triggers, it has truly observed a longer than 10 seconds scheduling delay of a SCHED_FIFO prio 99 task. (the patch also turns off the softlockup detector during the initial bootup phase and does small style fixes) Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-11-09[PATCH] quieten softlockup at bootAnton Blanchard1-3/+0
On a large SMP box we get a lot of softlockup thread XX started lines. Signed-off-by: Anton Blanchard <anton@samba.org> Acked-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-11-07[PATCH] cpu hoptlug: avoid usage of smp_processor_id() in preemptible codeHeiko Carstens1-1/+2
Replace smp_processor_id() with any_online_cpu(cpu_online_map) in order to avoid lots of "BUG: using smp_processor_id() in preemptible [00000001] code:..." messages in case taking a cpu online fails. All the traces start at the last notifier_call_chain(...) in kernel/cpu.c. Since we hold the cpu_control semaphore it shouldn't be any problem to access cpu_online_map. The reason why cpu_up failed is simply that the cpu that was supposed to be taken online wasn't even there. That is because on s390 we never know when a new cpu comes and therefore cpu_possible_map consists of only ones and doesn't reflect reality. Signed-off-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
2005-09-07[PATCH] detect soft lockupsIngo Molnar1-0/+151
This patch adds a new kernel debug feature: CONFIG_DETECT_SOFTLOCKUP. When enabled then per-CPU watchdog threads are started, which try to run once per second. If they get delayed for more than 10 seconds then a callback from the timer interrupt detects this condition and prints out a warning message and a stack dump (once per lockup incident). The feature is otherwise non-intrusive, it doesnt try to unlock the box in any way, it only gets the debug info out, automatically, and on all CPUs affected by the lockup. Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com> Signed-Off-By: Matthias Urlichs <smurf@smurf.noris.de> Signed-off-by: Richard Purdie <rpurdie@rpsys.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>

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