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2008-11-07vmap: cope with vm_unmap_aliases before vmalloc_init()Jeremy Fitzhardinge1-0/+7
Xen can end up calling vm_unmap_aliases() before vmalloc_init() has been called. In this case its safe to make it a simple no-op. Signed-off-by: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy.fitzhardinge@citrix.com> Cc: Linux Memory Management List <linux-mm@kvack.org> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
2008-11-06Merge master.kernel.org:/home/rmk/linux-2.6-armLinus Torvalds1-1/+1
* master.kernel.org:/home/rmk/linux-2.6-arm: [ARM] xsc3: fix xsc3_l2_inv_range [ARM] mm: fix page table initialization [ARM] fix naming of MODULE_START / MODULE_END ARM: OMAP: Fix define for twl4030 irqs ARM: OMAP: Fix get_irqnr_and_base to clear spurious interrupt bits ARM: OMAP: Fix debugfs_create_*'s error checking method for arm/plat-omap ARM: OMAP: Fix compiler warnings in gpmc.c [ARM] fix VFP+softfloat binaries
2008-11-06memory hotplug: fix page_zone() calculation in test_pages_isolated()Gerald Schaefer1-2/+3
My last bugfix here (adding zone->lock) introduced a new problem: Using page_zone(pfn_to_page(pfn)) to get the zone after the for() loop is wrong. pfn will then be >= end_pfn, which may be in a different zone or not present at all. This may lead to an addressing exception in page_zone() or spin_lock_irqsave(). Now I use __first_valid_page() again after the loop to find a valid page for page_zone(). Signed-off-by: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com> Acked-by: Nathan Fontenot <nfont@austin.ibm.com> Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-11-06mm/oom_kill.c: fix badness() kerneldocQinghuang Feng1-1/+0
Paramter @mem has been removed since v2.6.26, now delete it's comment. Signed-off-by: Qinghuang Feng <qhfeng.kernel@gmail.com> Acked-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@xenotime.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-11-06vmemmap: warn about page_structs with remote distanceDavid Rientjes1-1/+1
It's insufficient to simply compare node ids when warning about offnode page_structs since it's possible to still have local affinity. Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-11-06mm: move migrate_prep out from under mmap_semChristoph Lameter2-8/+12
Move the migrate_prep outside the mmap_sem for the following system calls 1. sys_move_pages 2. sys_migrate_pages 3. sys_mbind() It really does not matter when we flush the lru. The system is free to add pages onto the lru even during migration which will make the page migration either skip the page (mbind, migrate_pages) or return a busy state (move_pages). Fixes this lockdep warning (and potential deadlock): Some VM place has mmap_sem -> kevent_wq via lru_add_drain_all() net/core/dev.c::dev_ioctl() has rtnl_lock -> mmap_sem (*) the ioctl has copy_from_user() and it can do page fault. linkwatch_event has kevent_wq -> rtnl_lock Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Reported-by: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-11-06oom: do not dump task state for non thread group leadersDavid Rientjes1-0/+2
When /proc/sys/vm/oom_dump_tasks is enabled, it's only necessary to dump task state information for thread group leaders. The kernel log gets quickly overwhelmed on machines with a massive number of threads by dumping non-thread group leaders. Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-11-06hugetlb: pull gigantic page initialisation out of the default pathAndy Whitcroft3-8/+33
As we can determine exactly when a gigantic page is in use we can optimise the common regular page cases by pulling out gigantic page initialisation into its own function. As gigantic pages are never released to buddy we do not need a destructor. This effectivly reverts the previous change to the main buddy allocator. It also adds a paranoid check to ensure we never release gigantic pages from hugetlbfs to the main buddy. Signed-off-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org> Cc: Jon Tollefson <kniht@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> [2.6.27.x] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-11-06hugetlbfs: handle pages higher order than MAX_ORDERAndy Whitcroft2-1/+64
When working with hugepages, hugetlbfs assumes that those hugepages are smaller than MAX_ORDER. Specifically it assumes that the mem_map is contigious and uses that to optimise access to the elements of the mem_map that represent the hugepage. Gigantic pages (such as 16GB pages on powerpc) by definition are of greater order than MAX_ORDER (larger than MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES in size). This means that we can no longer make use of the buddy alloctor guarentees for the contiguity of the mem_map, which ensures that the mem_map is at least contigious for maximmally aligned areas of MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES pages. This patch adds new mem_map accessors and iterator helpers which handle any discontiguity at MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES boundaries. It then uses these to implement gigantic page versions of copy_huge_page and clear_huge_page, and to allow follow_hugetlb_page handle gigantic pages. Signed-off-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org> Cc: Jon Tollefson <kniht@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> [2.6.27.x] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-11-06[ARM] fix naming of MODULE_START / MODULE_ENDRussell King1-1/+1
As of 73bdf0a60e607f4b8ecc5aec597105976565a84f, the kernel needs to know where modules are located in the virtual address space. On ARM, we located this region between MODULE_START and MODULE_END. Unfortunately, everyone else calls it MODULES_VADDR and MODULES_END. Update ARM to use the same naming, so is_vmalloc_or_module_addr() can work properly. Also update the comment on mm/vmalloc.c to reflect that ARM also places modules in a separate region from the vmalloc space. Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
2008-10-30nfsd: fix vm overcommit crashAlan Cox3-6/+8
Junjiro R. Okajima reported a problem where knfsd crashes if you are using it to export shmemfs objects and run strict overcommit. In this situation the current->mm based modifier to the overcommit goes through a NULL pointer. We could simply check for NULL and skip the modifier but we've caught other real bugs in the past from mm being NULL here - cases where we did need a valid mm set up (eg the exec bug about a year ago). To preserve the checks and get the logic we want shuffle the checking around and add a new helper to the vm_ security wrappers Also fix a current->mm reference in nommu that should use the passed mm [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix build] Reported-by: Junjiro R. Okajima <hooanon05@yahoo.co.jp> Acked-by: James Morris <jmorris@namei.org> Signed-off-by: Alan Cox <alan@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-30mm: fix kernel-doc function notationRandy Dunlap1-1/+2
Delete excess kernel-doc notation in mm/ subdirectory. Actually this is a kernel-doc notation fix. Warning(/var/linsrc/linux-2.6.27-git10//mm/vmalloc.c:902): Excess function parameter or struct member 'returns' description in 'vm_map_ram' Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-30fs: remove prepare_write/commit_writeNick Piggin1-238/+4
Nothing uses prepare_write or commit_write. Remove them from the tree completely. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: schedule simple_prepare_write() for unexporting] Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-23Merge branch 'proc' of ↵Linus Torvalds5-21/+167
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/adobriyan/proc * 'proc' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/adobriyan/proc: (35 commits) proc: remove fs/proc/proc_misc.c proc: move /proc/vmcore creation to fs/proc/vmcore.c proc: move pagecount stuff to fs/proc/page.c proc: move all /proc/kcore stuff to fs/proc/kcore.c proc: move /proc/schedstat boilerplate to kernel/sched_stats.h proc: move /proc/modules boilerplate to kernel/module.c proc: move /proc/diskstats boilerplate to block/genhd.c proc: move /proc/zoneinfo boilerplate to mm/vmstat.c proc: move /proc/vmstat boilerplate to mm/vmstat.c proc: move /proc/pagetypeinfo boilerplate to mm/vmstat.c proc: move /proc/buddyinfo boilerplate to mm/vmstat.c proc: move /proc/vmallocinfo to mm/vmalloc.c proc: move /proc/slabinfo boilerplate to mm/slub.c, mm/slab.c proc: move /proc/slab_allocators boilerplate to mm/slab.c proc: move /proc/interrupts boilerplate code to fs/proc/interrupts.c proc: move /proc/stat to fs/proc/stat.c proc: move rest of /proc/partitions code to block/genhd.c proc: move /proc/cpuinfo code to fs/proc/cpuinfo.c proc: move /proc/devices code to fs/proc/devices.c proc: move rest of /proc/locks to fs/locks.c ...
2008-10-23memcg: fix page_cgroup allocationKAMEZAWA Hiroyuki2-8/+25
page_cgroup_init() is called from mem_cgroup_init(). But at this point, we cannot call alloc_bootmem(). (and this caused panic at boot.) This patch moves page_cgroup_init() to init/main.c. Time table is following: == parse_args(). # we can trust mem_cgroup_subsys.disabled bit after this. .... cgroup_init_early() # "early" init of cgroup. .... setup_arch() # memmap is allocated. ... page_cgroup_init(); mem_init(); # we cannot call alloc_bootmem after this. .... cgroup_init() # mem_cgroup is initialized. == Before page_cgroup_init(), mem_map must be initialized. So, I added page_cgroup_init() to init/main.c directly. (*) maybe this is not very clean but - cgroup_init_early() is too early - in cgroup_init(), we have to use vmalloc instead of alloc_bootmem(). use of vmalloc area in x86-32 is important and we should avoid very large vmalloc() in x86-32. So, we want to use alloc_bootmem() and added page_cgroup_init() directly to init/main.c [akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove unneeded/bad mem_cgroup_subsys declaration] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix build] Acked-by: Balbir Singh <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Tested-by: Balbir Singh <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-23mm: page_cgroup needs linux/vmalloc.h for vmalloc_node()/vfree().Paul Mundt1-0/+1
mm/page_cgroup.c: In function 'init_section_page_cgroup': mm/page_cgroup.c:111: error: implicit declaration of function 'vmalloc_node' mm/page_cgroup.c:111: warning: assignment makes pointer from integer without a cast mm/page_cgroup.c: In function '__free_page_cgroup': mm/page_cgroup.c:140: error: implicit declaration of function 'vfree' Signed-off-by: Paul Mundt <lethal@linux-sh.org> Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-23proc: move /proc/zoneinfo boilerplate to mm/vmstat.cAlexey Dobriyan1-1/+14
Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-23proc: move /proc/vmstat boilerplate to mm/vmstat.cAlexey Dobriyan1-1/+13
Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-23proc: move /proc/pagetypeinfo boilerplate to mm/vmstat.cAlexey Dobriyan1-1/+14
Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
2008-10-23proc: move /proc/buddyinfo boilerplate to mm/vmstat.cAlexey Dobriyan1-4/+21
Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
2008-10-23proc: move /proc/vmallocinfo to mm/vmalloc.cAlexey Dobriyan1-1/+32
Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-23proc: move /proc/slabinfo boilerplate to mm/slub.c, mm/slab.cAlexey Dobriyan2-10/+35
Lose dummy ->write hook in case of SLUB, it's possible now. Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Acked-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
2008-10-23proc: move /proc/slab_allocators boilerplate to mm/slab.cAlexey Dobriyan1-1/+35
Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com> Acked-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
2008-10-23proc: switch /proc/meminfo to seq_fileAlexey Dobriyan1-2/+3
and move it to fs/proc/meminfo.c while I'm at it. Signed-off-by: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
2008-10-20mm: remove duplicated #include'sHuang Weiyi2-3/+0
Removed duplicated #include <linux/vmalloc.h> in mm/vmalloc.c and "internal.h" in mm/memory.c. Signed-off-by: Huang Weiyi <weiyi.huang@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-20Export tiny shmem_file_setup for DRM-GEMHugh Dickins1-0/+1
We're trying to keep the !CONFIG_SHMEM tiny-shmem.c (using ramfs without swap) in synch with CONFIG_SHMEM shmem.c (and mpm is preparing patches to combine them). I was glad to see EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(shmem_file_setup) go into shmem.c, but why not support DRM-GEM when !CONFIG_SHMEM too? But caution says still depend on MMU, since !CONFIG_MMU is.. different. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Acked-by: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com> Acked-by: Dave Airlie <airlied@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-20Merge branch 'x86-fixes-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-2/+16
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip * 'x86-fixes-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/linux-2.6-tip: x86 ACPI: fix breakage of resume on 64-bit UP systems with SMP kernel Introduce is_vmalloc_or_module_addr() and use with DEBUG_VIRTUAL
2008-10-20make mm/rmap.c:anon_vma_cachep staticAdrian Bunk1-1/+11
This patch makes the needlessly global anon_vma_cachep static. Signed-off-by: Adrian Bunk <bunk@kernel.org> Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-20memcg: allocate all page_cgroup at bootKAMEZAWA Hiroyuki4-178/+321
Allocate all page_cgroup at boot and remove page_cgroup poitner from struct page. This patch adds an interface as struct page_cgroup *lookup_page_cgroup(struct page*) All FLATMEM/DISCONTIGMEM/SPARSEMEM and MEMORY_HOTPLUG is supported. Remove page_cgroup pointer reduces the amount of memory by - 4 bytes per PAGE_SIZE. - 8 bytes per PAGE_SIZE if memory controller is disabled. (even if configured.) On usual 8GB x86-32 server, this saves 8MB of NORMAL_ZONE memory. On my x86-64 server with 48GB of memory, this saves 96MB of memory. I think this reduction makes sense. By pre-allocation, kmalloc/kfree in charge/uncharge are removed. This means - we're not necessary to be afraid of kmalloc faiulre. (this can happen because of gfp_mask type.) - we can avoid calling kmalloc/kfree. - we can avoid allocating tons of small objects which can be fragmented. - we can know what amount of memory will be used for this extra-lru handling. I added printk message as "allocated %ld bytes of page_cgroup" "please try cgroup_disable=memory option if you don't want" maybe enough informative for users. Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Reviewed-by: Balbir Singh <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Daisuke Nishimura <nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-20memcg: atomic ops for page_cgroup->flagsKAMEZAWA Hiroyuki1-40/+82
This patch makes page_cgroup->flags to be atomic_ops and define functions (and macros) to access it. Before trying to modify memory resource controller, this atomic operation on flags is necessary. Most of flags in this patch is for LRU and modfied under mz->lru_lock but we'll add another flags which is not for LRU soon. For example, we'll place LOCK bit on flags field. We need atomic operation to modify LRU bit without LOCK. Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Balbir Singh <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Daisuke Nishimura <nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-20memcg: optimize per-cpu statisticsKAMEZAWA Hiroyuki1-8/+10
Some obvious optimization to memcg. I found mem_cgroup_charge_statistics() is a little big (in object) and does unnecessary address calclation. This patch is for optimization to reduce the size of this function. And res_counter_charge() is 'likely' to succeed. Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Balbir Singh <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Daisuke Nishimura <nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-20memcg: avoid accounting special pagesKAMEZAWA Hiroyuki2-16/+13
There are not-on-LRU pages which can be mapped and they are not worth to be accounted. (becasue we can't shrink them and need dirty codes to handle specical case) We'd like to make use of usual objrmap/radix-tree's protcol and don't want to account out-of-vm's control pages. When special_mapping_fault() is called, page->mapping is tend to be NULL and it's charged as Anonymous page. insert_page() also handles some special pages from drivers. This patch is for avoiding to account special pages. Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Daisuke Nishimura <nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp> Cc: Balbir Singh <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-20memcg: make page->mapping NULL before unchargeKAMEZAWA Hiroyuki3-3/+9
This patch tries to make page->mapping to be NULL before mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page() is called. "page->mapping == NULL" is a good check for "whether the page is still radix-tree or not". This patch also adds BUG_ON() to mem_cgroup_uncharge_cache_page(); Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Reviewed-by: Daisuke Nishimura <nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp> Cc: Balbir Singh <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-20memcg: move charge swapin under lockKAMEZAWA Hiroyuki1-5/+6
While page-cache's charge/uncharge is done under page_lock(), swap-cache isn't. (anonymous page is charged when it's newly allocated.) This patch moves do_swap_page()'s charge() call under lock. I don't see any bad problem *now* but this fix will be good for future for avoiding unnecessary racy state. Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Reviewed-by: Daisuke Nishimura <nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp> Acked-by: Balbir Singh <balbir@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-20mm: extract do_pages_move() out of sys_move_pages()Brice Goglin1-66/+86
To prepare the chunking, move the sys_move_pages() code that is used when nodes!=NULL into do_pages_move(). And rename do_move_pages() into do_move_page_to_node_array(). Signed-off-by: Brice Goglin <Brice.Goglin@inria.fr> Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-20mm: don't vmalloc a huge page_to_node array for do_pages_stat()Brice Goglin1-15/+25
do_pages_stat() does not need any page_to_node entry for real. Just pass the pointers to the user-space page address array and to the user-space status array, and have do_pages_stat() traverse the former and fill the latter directly. Signed-off-by: Brice Goglin <Brice.Goglin@inria.fr> Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-20mm: stop returning -ENOENT from sys_move_pages() if nothing got migratedBrice Goglin1-2/+1
A patchset reworking sys_move_pages(). It removes the possibly large vmalloc by using multiple chunks when migrating large buffers. It also dramatically increases the throughput for large buffers since the lookup in new_page_node() is now limited to a single chunk, causing the quadratic complexity to have a much slower impact. There is no need to use any radix-tree-like structure to improve this lookup. sys_move_pages() duration on a 4-quadcore-opteron 2347HE (1.9Gz), migrating between nodes #2 and #3: length move_pages (us) move_pages+patch (us) 4kB 126 98 40kB 198 168 400kB 963 937 4MB 12503 11930 40MB 246867 11848 Patches #1 and #4 are the important ones: 1) stop returning -ENOENT from sys_move_pages() if nothing got migrated 2) don't vmalloc a huge page_to_node array for do_pages_stat() 3) extract do_pages_move() out of sys_move_pages() 4) rework do_pages_move() to work on page_sized chunks 5) move_pages: no need to set pp->page to ZERO_PAGE(0) by default This patch: There is no point in returning -ENOENT from sys_move_pages() if all pages were already on the right node, while we return 0 if only 1 page was not. Most application don't know where their pages are allocated, so it's not an error to try to migrate them anyway. Just return 0 and let the status array in user-space be checked if the application needs details. It will make the upcoming chunked-move_pages() support much easier. Signed-off-by: Brice Goglin <Brice.Goglin@inria.fr> Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Nick Piggin <nickpiggin@yahoo.com.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-20memory hotplug: release memory regions in PAGES_PER_SECTION chunksNathan Fontenot1-2/+2
During hotplug memory remove, memory regions should be released on a PAGES_PER_SECTION size chunks. This mirrors the code in add_memory where resources are requested on a PAGES_PER_SECTION size. Attempting to release the entire memory region fails because there is not a single resource for the total number of pages being removed. Instead the resources for the pages are split in PAGES_PER_SECTION size chunks as requested during memory add. Signed-off-by: Nathan Fontenot <nfont@austin.ibm.com> Signed-off-by: Badari Pulavarty <pbadari@us.ibm.com> Acked-by: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-20setup_per_zone_pages_min(): take zone->lock instead of zone->lru_lockGerald Schaefer1-2/+2
This replaces zone->lru_lock in setup_per_zone_pages_min() with zone->lock. There seems to be no need for the lru_lock anymore, but there is a need for zone->lock instead, because that function may call move_freepages() via setup_zone_migrate_reserve(). Signed-off-by: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@de.ibm.com> Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Tested-by: Yasunori Goto <y-goto@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-20hugepage: support ZERO_PAGE()KOSAKI Motohiro1-3/+19
Presently hugepage doesn't use zero page at all because zero page is only used for coredumping and hugepage can't core dump. However we have now implemented hugepage coredumping. Therefore we should implement the zero page of hugepage. Implementation note: o Why do we only check VM_SHARED for zero page? normal page checked as .. static inline int use_zero_page(struct vm_area_struct *vma) { if (vma->vm_flags & (VM_LOCKED | VM_SHARED)) return 0; return !vma->vm_ops || !vma->vm_ops->fault; } First, hugepages are never mlock()ed. We aren't concerned with VM_LOCKED. Second, hugetlbfs is a pseudo filesystem, not a real filesystem and it doesn't have any file backing. Thus ops->fault checking is meaningless. o Why don't we use zero page if !pte. !pte indicate {pud, pmd} doesn't exist or some error happened. So we shouldn't return zero page if any error occurred. Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Adam Litke <agl@us.ibm.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Cc: Kawai Hidehiro <hidehiro.kawai.ez@hitachi.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@skynet.ie> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-20mm: print out meminit for memmapYinghai Lu1-4/+3
Improve debuggability of memory setup problems. Signed-off-by: Yinghai Lu <yhlu.kernel@gmail.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-20mm: hugetlb.c make functions static, use NULL rather than 0Harvey Harrison1-7/+5
mm/hugetlb.c:265:17: warning: symbol 'resv_map_alloc' was not declared. Should it be static? mm/hugetlb.c:277:6: warning: symbol 'resv_map_release' was not declared. Should it be static? mm/hugetlb.c:292:9: warning: Using plain integer as NULL pointer mm/hugetlb.c:1750:5: warning: symbol 'unmap_ref_private' was not declared. Should it be static? Signed-off-by: Harvey Harrison <harvey.harrison@gmail.com> Acked-by: Andy Whitcroft <apw@shadowen.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-20mm: rewrite vmap layerNick Piggin1-133/+842
Rewrite the vmap allocator to use rbtrees and lazy tlb flushing, and provide a fast, scalable percpu frontend for small vmaps (requires a slightly different API, though). The biggest problem with vmap is actually vunmap. Presently this requires a global kernel TLB flush, which on most architectures is a broadcast IPI to all CPUs to flush the cache. This is all done under a global lock. As the number of CPUs increases, so will the number of vunmaps a scaled workload will want to perform, and so will the cost of a global TLB flush. This gives terrible quadratic scalability characteristics. Another problem is that the entire vmap subsystem works under a single lock. It is a rwlock, but it is actually taken for write in all the fast paths, and the read locking would likely never be run concurrently anyway, so it's just pointless. This is a rewrite of vmap subsystem to solve those problems. The existing vmalloc API is implemented on top of the rewritten subsystem. The TLB flushing problem is solved by using lazy TLB unmapping. vmap addresses do not have to be flushed immediately when they are vunmapped, because the kernel will not reuse them again (would be a use-after-free) until they are reallocated. So the addresses aren't allocated again until a subsequent TLB flush. A single TLB flush then can flush multiple vunmaps from each CPU. XEN and PAT and such do not like deferred TLB flushing because they can't always handle multiple aliasing virtual addresses to a physical address. They now call vm_unmap_aliases() in order to flush any deferred mappings. That call is very expensive (well, actually not a lot more expensive than a single vunmap under the old scheme), however it should be OK if not called too often. The virtual memory extent information is stored in an rbtree rather than a linked list to improve the algorithmic scalability. There is a per-CPU allocator for small vmaps, which amortizes or avoids global locking. To use the per-CPU interface, the vm_map_ram / vm_unmap_ram interfaces must be used in place of vmap and vunmap. Vmalloc does not use these interfaces at the moment, so it will not be quite so scalable (although it will use lazy TLB flushing). As a quick test of performance, I ran a test that loops in the kernel, linearly mapping then touching then unmapping 4 pages. Different numbers of tests were run in parallel on an 4 core, 2 socket opteron. Results are in nanoseconds per map+touch+unmap. threads vanilla vmap rewrite 1 14700 2900 2 33600 3000 4 49500 2800 8 70631 2900 So with a 8 cores, the rewritten version is already 25x faster. In a slightly more realistic test (although with an older and less scalable version of the patch), I ripped the not-very-good vunmap batching code out of XFS, and implemented the large buffer mapping with vm_map_ram and vm_unmap_ram... along with a couple of other tricks, I was able to speed up a large directory workload by 20x on a 64 CPU system. I believe vmap/vunmap is actually sped up a lot more than 20x on such a system, but I'm running into other locks now. vmap is pretty well blown off the profiles. Before: 1352059 total 0.1401 798784 _write_lock 8320.6667 <- vmlist_lock 529313 default_idle 1181.5022 15242 smp_call_function 15.8771 <- vmap tlb flushing 2472 __get_vm_area_node 1.9312 <- vmap 1762 remove_vm_area 4.5885 <- vunmap 316 map_vm_area 0.2297 <- vmap 312 kfree 0.1950 300 _spin_lock 3.1250 252 sn_send_IPI_phys 0.4375 <- tlb flushing 238 vmap 0.8264 <- vmap 216 find_lock_page 0.5192 196 find_next_bit 0.3603 136 sn2_send_IPI 0.2024 130 pio_phys_write_mmr 2.0312 118 unmap_kernel_range 0.1229 After: 78406 total 0.0081 40053 default_idle 89.4040 33576 ia64_spinlock_contention 349.7500 1650 _spin_lock 17.1875 319 __reg_op 0.5538 281 _atomic_dec_and_lock 1.0977 153 mutex_unlock 1.5938 123 iget_locked 0.1671 117 xfs_dir_lookup 0.1662 117 dput 0.1406 114 xfs_iget_core 0.0268 92 xfs_da_hashname 0.1917 75 d_alloc 0.0670 68 vmap_page_range 0.0462 <- vmap 58 kmem_cache_alloc 0.0604 57 memset 0.0540 52 rb_next 0.1625 50 __copy_user 0.0208 49 bitmap_find_free_region 0.2188 <- vmap 46 ia64_sn_udelay 0.1106 45 find_inode_fast 0.1406 42 memcmp 0.2188 42 finish_task_switch 0.1094 42 __d_lookup 0.0410 40 radix_tree_lookup_slot 0.1250 37 _spin_unlock_irqrestore 0.3854 36 xfs_bmapi 0.0050 36 kmem_cache_free 0.0256 35 xfs_vn_getattr 0.0322 34 radix_tree_lookup 0.1062 33 __link_path_walk 0.0035 31 xfs_da_do_buf 0.0091 30 _xfs_buf_find 0.0204 28 find_get_page 0.0875 27 xfs_iread 0.0241 27 __strncpy_from_user 0.2812 26 _xfs_buf_initialize 0.0406 24 _xfs_buf_lookup_pages 0.0179 24 vunmap_page_range 0.0250 <- vunmap 23 find_lock_page 0.0799 22 vm_map_ram 0.0087 <- vmap 20 kfree 0.0125 19 put_page 0.0330 18 __kmalloc 0.0176 17 xfs_da_node_lookup_int 0.0086 17 _read_lock 0.0885 17 page_waitqueue 0.0664 vmap has gone from being the top 5 on the profiles and flushing the crap out of all TLBs, to using less than 1% of kernel time. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: cleanups, section fix] [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix build on alpha] Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Cc: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@goop.org> Cc: Krzysztof Helt <krzysztof.h1@poczta.fm> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-20mmap.c: deinline a few functionsDenys Vlasenko1-4/+4
__vma_link_file and expand_downwards functions are not small, yeat they are marked inline. They probably had one callsite sometime in the past, but now they have more. In order to prevent similar thing, I also deinlined expand_upwards, despite it having only pne callsite. Nowadays gcc auto-inlines such static functions anyway. In find_extend_vma, I removed one extra level of indirection. Patch is deliberately generated with -U $BIGNUM to make it easier to see that functions are big. Result: # size */*/mmap.o */vmlinux text data bss dec hex filename 9514 188 16 9718 25f6 0.org/mm/mmap.o 9237 188 16 9441 24e1 deinline/mm/mmap.o 6124402 858996 389480 7372878 70804e 0.org/vmlinux 6124113 858996 389480 7372589 707f2d deinline/vmlinux Signed-off-by: Denys Vlasenko <vda.linux@googlemail.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-20mm: page lock use lock bitopsNick Piggin2-9/+6
trylock_page, unlock_page open and close a critical section. Hence, we can use the lock bitops to get the desired memory ordering. Also, mark trylock as likely to succeed (and remove the annotation from callers). Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-20mm: unlockless reclaimNick Piggin1-1/+8
unlock_page is fairly expensive. It can be avoided in page reclaim success path. By definition if we have any other references to the page it would be a bug anyway. Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-20mm: pagecache insertion fewer atomicsNick Piggin1-2/+2
Setting and clearing the page locked when inserting it into swapcache / pagecache when it has no other references can use non-atomic page flags operations because no other CPU may be operating on it at this time. This saves one atomic operation when inserting a page into pagecache. Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-20mlock: make mlock error return Posixly CorrectLee Schermerhorn2-7/+28
Rework Posix error return for mlock(). Posix requires error code for mlock*() system calls for some conditions that differ from what kernel low level functions, such as get_user_pages(), return for those conditions. For more info, see: http://marc.info/?l=linux-kernel&m=121750892930775&w=2 This patch provides the same translation of get_user_pages() error codes to posix specified error codes in the context of the mlock rework for unevictable lru. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix build] Signed-off-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-20mlock: revert mainline handling of mlock error returnLee Schermerhorn1-12/+2
This change is intended to make mlock() error returns correct. make_page_present() is a lower level function used by more than mlock(). Subsequent patch[es] will add this error return fixup in an mlock specific path. Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <lee.schermerhorn@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2008-10-20vmscan: don't accumulate scan pressure on unrelated listsJohannes Weiner1-5/+2
During each reclaim scan we accumulate scan pressure on unrelated lists which will result in bogus scans and unwanted reclaims eventually. Scanning lists with few reclaim candidates results in a lot of rotation and therefor also disturbs the list balancing, putting even more pressure on the wrong lists. In a test-case with much streaming IO, and therefor a crowded inactive file page list, swapping started because a) anon pages were reclaimed after swap_cluster_max reclaim invocations -- nr_scan of this list has just accumulated b) active file pages were scanned because *their* nr_scan has also accumulated through the same logic. And this in return created a lot of rotation for file pages and resulted in a decrease of file list priority, again increasing the pressure on anon pages. The result was an evicted working set of anon pages while there were tons of inactive file pages that should have been taken instead. Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@saeurebad.de> Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

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