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/* -*- linux-c -*- ------------------------------------------------------- *
 *
 *   Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds
 *   Copyright 2007 rPath, Inc. - All Rights Reserved
 *
 *   This file is part of the Linux kernel, and is made available under
 *   the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2.
 *
 * ----------------------------------------------------------------------- */

/*
 * arch/i386/boot/video.c
 *
 * Select video mode
 */

#include "boot.h"
#include "video.h"
#include "vesa.h"

/*
 * Mode list variables
 */
static struct card_info cards[];    /* List of cards to probe for */

/*
 * Common variables
 */
int adapter;			/* 0=CGA/MDA/HGC, 1=EGA, 2=VGA+ */
u16 video_segment;
int force_x, force_y;	/* Don't query the BIOS for cols/rows */

int do_restore = 0;	/* Screen contents changed during mode flip */
int graphic_mode;	/* Graphic mode with linear frame buffer */

static void store_cursor_position(void)
{
	u16 curpos;
	u16 ax, bx;

	ax = 0x0300;
	bx = 0;
	asm(INT10
	    : "=d" (curpos), "+a" (ax), "+b" (bx)
	    : : "ecx", "esi", "edi");

	boot_params.screen_info.orig_x = curpos;
	boot_params.screen_info.orig_y = curpos >> 8;
}

static void store_video_mode(void)
{
	u16 ax, page;

	/* N.B.: the saving of the video page here is a bit silly,
	   since we pretty much assume page 0 everywhere. */
	ax = 0x0f00;
	asm(INT10
	    : "+a" (ax), "=b" (page)
	    : : "ecx", "edx", "esi", "edi");

	/* Not all BIOSes are clean with respect to the top bit */
	boot_params.screen_info.orig_video_mode = ax & 0x7f;
	boot_params.screen_info.orig_video_page = page >> 8;
}

/*
 * Store the video mode parameters for later usage by the kernel.
 * This is done by asking the BIOS except for the rows/columns
 * parameters in the default 80x25 mode -- these are set directly,
 * because some very obscure BIOSes supply insane values.
 */
static void store_mode_params(void)
{
	u16 font_size;
	int x, y;

	/* For graphics mode, it is up to the mode-setting driver
	   (currently only video-vesa.c) to store the parameters */
	if (graphic_mode)
		return;

	store_cursor_position();
	store_video_mode();

	if (boot_params.screen_info.orig_video_mode == 0x07) {
		/* MDA, HGC, or VGA in monochrome mode */
		video_segment = 0xb000;
	} else {
		/* CGA, EGA, VGA and so forth */
		video_segment = 0xb800;
	}

	set_fs(0);
	font_size = rdfs16(0x485); /* Font size, BIOS area */
	boot_params.screen_info.orig_video_points = font_size;

	x = rdfs16(0x44a);
	y = (adapter == ADAPTER_CGA) ? 25 : rdfs8(0x484)+1;

	if (force_x)
		x = force_x;
	if (force_y)
		y = force_y;

	boot_params.screen_info.orig_video_cols  = x;
	boot_params.screen_info.orig_video_lines = y;
}

/* Probe the video drivers and have them generate their mode lists. */
static void probe_cards(int unsafe)
{
	struct card_info *card;
	static u8 probed[2];

	if (probed[unsafe])
		return;

	probed[unsafe] = 1;

	for (card = video_cards; card < video_cards_end; card++) {
		if (card->unsafe == unsafe) {
			if (card->probe)
				card->nmodes = card->probe();
			else
				card->nmodes = 0;
		}
	}
}

/* Test if a mode is defined */
int mode_defined(u16 mode)
{
	struct card_info *card;
	struct mode_info *mi;
	int i;

	for (card = video_cards; card < video_cards_end; card++) {
		mi = card->modes;
		for (i = 0; i < card->nmodes; i++, mi++) {
			if (mi->mode == mode)
				return 1;
		}
	}

	return 0;
}

/* Set mode (without recalc) */
static int raw_set_mode(u16 mode)
{
	int nmode, i;
	struct card_info *card;
	struct mode_info *mi;

	/* Drop the recalc bit if set */
	mode &= ~VIDEO_RECALC;

	/* Scan for mode based on fixed ID, position, or resolution */
	nmode = 0;
	for (card = video_cards; card < video_cards_end; card++) {
		mi = card->modes;
		for (i = 0; i < card->nmodes; i++, mi++) {
			int visible = mi->x || mi->y;

			if ((mode == nmode && visible) ||
			    mode == mi->mode ||
			    mode == (mi->y << 8)+mi->x)
				return card->set_mode(mi);

			if (visible)
				nmode++;
		}
	}

	/* Nothing found?  Is it an "exceptional" (unprobed) mode? */
	for (card = video_cards; card < video_cards_end; card++) {
		if (mode >= card->xmode_first &&
		    mode < card->xmode_first+card->xmode_n) {
			struct mode_info mix;
			mix.mode = mode;
			mix.x = mix.y = 0;
			return card->set_mode(&mix);
		}
	}

	/* Otherwise, failure... */
	return -1;
}

/*
 * Recalculate the vertical video cutoff (hack!)
 */
static void vga_recalc_vertical(void)
{
	unsigned int font_size, rows;
	u16 crtc;
	u8 pt, ov;

	set_fs(0);
	font_size = rdfs8(0x485); /* BIOS: font size (pixels) */
	rows = force_y ? force_y : rdfs8(0x484)+1; /* Text rows */

	rows *= font_size;	/* Visible scan lines */
	rows--;			/* ... minus one */

	crtc = vga_crtc();

	pt = in_idx(crtc, 0x11);
	pt &= ~0x80;		/* Unlock CR0-7 */
	out_idx(pt, crtc, 0x11);

	out_idx((u8)rows, crtc, 0x12); /* Lower height register */

	ov = in_idx(crtc, 0x07); /* Overflow register */
	ov &= 0xbd;
	ov |= (rows >> (8-1)) & 0x02;
	ov |= (rows >> (9-6)) & 0x40;
	out_idx(ov, crtc, 0x07);
}

/* Set mode (with recalc if specified) */
static int set_mode(u16 mode)
{
	int rv;

	/* Very special mode numbers... */
	if (mode == VIDEO_CURRENT_MODE)
		return 0;	/* Nothing to do... */
	else if (mode == NORMAL_VGA)
		mode = VIDEO_80x25;
	else if (mode == EXTENDED_VGA)
		mode = VIDEO_8POINT;

	rv = raw_set_mode(mode);
	if (rv)
		return rv;

	if (mode & VIDEO_RECALC)
		vga_recalc_vertical();

	return 0;
}

static unsigned int get_entry(void)
{
	char entry_buf[4];
	int i, len = 0;
	int key;
	unsigned int v;

	do {
		key = getchar();

		if (key == '\b') {
			if (len > 0) {
				puts("\b \b");
				len--;
			}
		} else if ((key >= '0' && key <= '9') ||
			   (key >= 'A' && key <= 'Z') ||
			   (key >= 'a' && key <= 'z')) {
			if (len < sizeof entry_buf) {
				entry_buf[len++] = key;
				putchar(key);
			}
		}
	} while (key != '\r');
	putchar('\n');

	if (len == 0)
		return VIDEO_CURRENT_MODE; /* Default */

	v = 0;
	for (i = 0; i < len; i++) {
		v <<= 4;
		key = entry_buf[i] | 0x20;
		v += (key > '9') ? key-'a'+10 : key-'0';
	}

	return v;
}

static void display_menu(void)
{
	struct card_info *card;
	struct mode_info *mi;
	char ch;
	int i;

	puts("Mode:    COLSxROWS:\n");

	ch = '0';
	for (card = video_cards; card < video_cards_end; card++) {
		mi = card->modes;
		for (i = 0; i < card->nmodes; i++, mi++) {
			int visible = mi->x && mi->y;
			u16 mode_id = mi->mode ? mi->mode :
				(mi->y << 8)+mi->x;

			if (!visible)
				continue; /* Hidden mode */

			printf("%c  %04X  %3dx%-3d  %s\n",
			       ch, mode_id, mi->x, mi->y, card->card_name);

			if (ch == '9')
				ch = 'a';
			else if (ch == 'z' || ch == ' ')
				ch = ' '; /* Out of keys... */
			else
				ch++;
		}
	}
}

#define H(x)	((x)-'a'+10)
#define SCAN	((H('s')<<12)+(H('c')<<8)+(H('a')<<4)+H('n'))

static unsigned int mode_menu(void)
{
	int key;
	unsigned int sel;

	puts("Press <ENTER> to see video modes available, "
	     "<SPACE> to continue, or wait 30 sec\n");

	kbd_flush();
	while (1) {
		key = getchar_timeout();
		if (key == ' ' || key == 0)
			return VIDEO_CURRENT_MODE; /* Default */
		if (key == '\r')
			break;
		putchar('\a');	/* Beep! */
	}


	for (;;) {
		display_menu();

		puts("Enter a video mode or \"scan\" to scan for "
		     "additional modes: ");
		sel = get_entry();
		if (sel != SCAN)
			return sel;

		probe_cards(1);
	}
}

#ifdef CONFIG_VIDEO_RETAIN
/* Save screen content to the heap */
struct saved_screen {
	int x, y;
	int curx, cury;
	u16 *data;
} saved;

static void save_screen(void)
{
	/* Should be called after store_mode_params() */
	saved.x = boot_params.screen_info.orig_video_cols;
	saved.y = boot_params.screen_info.orig_video_lines;
	saved.curx = boot_params.screen_info.orig_x;
	saved.cury = boot_params.screen_info.orig_y;

	if (heap_free() < saved.x*saved.y*sizeof(u16)+512)
		return;		/* Not enough heap to save the screen */

	saved.data = GET_HEAP(u16, saved.x*saved.y);

	set_fs(video_segment);
	copy_from_fs(saved.data, 0, saved.x*saved.y*sizeof(u16));
}

static void restore_screen(void)
{
	/* Should be called after store_mode_params() */
	int xs = boot_params.screen_info.orig_video_cols;
	int ys = boot_params.screen_info.orig_video_lines;
	int y;
	addr_t dst = 0;
	u16 *src = saved.data;
	u16 ax, bx, dx;

	if (graphic_mode)
		return;		/* Can't restore onto a graphic mode */

	if (!src)
		return;		/* No saved screen contents */

	/* Restore screen contents */

	set_fs(video_segment);
	for (y = 0; y < ys; y++) {
		int npad;

		if (y < saved.y) {
			int copy = (xs < saved.x) ? xs : saved.x;
			copy_to_fs(dst, src, copy*sizeof(u16));
			dst += copy*sizeof(u16);
			src += saved.x;
			npad = (xs < saved.x) ? 0 : xs-saved.x;
		} else {
			npad = xs;
		}

		/* Writes "npad" blank characters to
		   video_segment:dst and advances dst */
		asm volatile("pushw %%es ; "
			     "movw %2,%%es ; "
			     "shrw %%cx ; "
			     "jnc 1f ; "
			     "stosw \n\t"
			     "1: rep;stosl ; "
			     "popw %%es"
			     : "+D" (dst), "+c" (npad)
			     : "bdS" (video_segment),
			       "a" (0x07200720));
	}

	/* Restore cursor position */
	ax = 0x0200;		/* Set cursor position */
	bx = 0;			/* Page number (<< 8) */
	dx = (saved.cury << 8)+saved.curx;
	asm volatile(INT10
		     : "+a" (ax), "+b" (bx), "+d" (dx)
		     : : "ecx", "esi", "edi");
}
#else
#define save_screen()		((void)0)
#define restore_screen()	((void)0)
#endif

void set_video(void)
{
	u16 mode = boot_params.hdr.vid_mode;

	RESET_HEAP();

	store_mode_params();
	save_screen();
	probe_cards(0);

	for (;;) {
		if (mode == ASK_VGA)
			mode = mode_menu();

		if (!set_mode(mode))
			break;

		printf("Undefined video mode number: %x\n", mode);
		mode = ASK_VGA;
	}
	vesa_store_edid();
	store_mode_params();

	if (do_restore)
		restore_screen();
}

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