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/*
 * Copyright 2001 MontaVista Software Inc.
 * Author: Jun Sun, jsun@mvista.com or jsun@junsun.net
 * Copyright (c) 2003, 2004  Maciej W. Rozycki
 *
 * Common time service routines for MIPS machines. See
 * Documentation/mips/time.README.
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute  it and/or modify it
 * under  the terms of  the GNU General  Public License as published by the
 * Free Software Foundation;  either version 2 of the  License, or (at your
 * option) any later version.
 */
#include <linux/config.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/param.h>
#include <linux/time.h>
#include <linux/timex.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/kernel_stat.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/module.h>

#include <asm/bootinfo.h>
#include <asm/cache.h>
#include <asm/compiler.h>
#include <asm/cpu.h>
#include <asm/cpu-features.h>
#include <asm/div64.h>
#include <asm/sections.h>
#include <asm/time.h>

/*
 * The integer part of the number of usecs per jiffy is taken from tick,
 * but the fractional part is not recorded, so we calculate it using the
 * initial value of HZ.  This aids systems where tick isn't really an
 * integer (e.g. for HZ = 128).
 */
#define USECS_PER_JIFFY		TICK_SIZE
#define USECS_PER_JIFFY_FRAC	((unsigned long)(u32)((1000000ULL << 32) / HZ))

#define TICK_SIZE	(tick_nsec / 1000)

/*
 * forward reference
 */
extern volatile unsigned long wall_jiffies;

DEFINE_SPINLOCK(rtc_lock);

/*
 * By default we provide the null RTC ops
 */
static unsigned long null_rtc_get_time(void)
{
	return mktime(2000, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0);
}

static int null_rtc_set_time(unsigned long sec)
{
	return 0;
}

unsigned long (*rtc_mips_get_time)(void) = null_rtc_get_time;
int (*rtc_mips_set_time)(unsigned long) = null_rtc_set_time;
int (*rtc_mips_set_mmss)(unsigned long);


/* usecs per counter cycle, shifted to left by 32 bits */
static unsigned int sll32_usecs_per_cycle;

/* how many counter cycles in a jiffy */
static unsigned long cycles_per_jiffy __read_mostly;

/* Cycle counter value at the previous timer interrupt.. */
static unsigned int timerhi, timerlo;

/* expirelo is the count value for next CPU timer interrupt */
static unsigned int expirelo;


/*
 * Null timer ack for systems not needing one (e.g. i8254).
 */
static void null_timer_ack(void) { /* nothing */ }

/*
 * Null high precision timer functions for systems lacking one.
 */
static unsigned int null_hpt_read(void)
{
	return 0;
}

static void null_hpt_init(unsigned int count)
{
	/* nothing */
}


/*
 * Timer ack for an R4k-compatible timer of a known frequency.
 */
static void c0_timer_ack(void)
{
	unsigned int count;

#ifndef CONFIG_SOC_PNX8550	/* pnx8550 resets to zero */
	/* Ack this timer interrupt and set the next one.  */
	expirelo += cycles_per_jiffy;
#endif
	write_c0_compare(expirelo);

	/* Check to see if we have missed any timer interrupts.  */
	while (((count = read_c0_count()) - expirelo) < 0x7fffffff) {
		/* missed_timer_count++; */
		expirelo = count + cycles_per_jiffy;
		write_c0_compare(expirelo);
	}
}

/*
 * High precision timer functions for a R4k-compatible timer.
 */
static unsigned int c0_hpt_read(void)
{
	return read_c0_count();
}

/* For use solely as a high precision timer.  */
static void c0_hpt_init(unsigned int count)
{
	write_c0_count(read_c0_count() - count);
}

/* For use both as a high precision timer and an interrupt source.  */
static void c0_hpt_timer_init(unsigned int count)
{
	count = read_c0_count() - count;
	expirelo = (count / cycles_per_jiffy + 1) * cycles_per_jiffy;
	write_c0_count(expirelo - cycles_per_jiffy);
	write_c0_compare(expirelo);
	write_c0_count(count);
}

int (*mips_timer_state)(void);
void (*mips_timer_ack)(void);
unsigned int (*mips_hpt_read)(void);
void (*mips_hpt_init)(unsigned int);


/*
 * This version of gettimeofday has microsecond resolution and better than
 * microsecond precision on fast machines with cycle counter.
 */
void do_gettimeofday(struct timeval *tv)
{
	unsigned long seq;
	unsigned long lost;
	unsigned long usec, sec;
	unsigned long max_ntp_tick;

	do {
		seq = read_seqbegin(&xtime_lock);

		usec = do_gettimeoffset();

		lost = jiffies - wall_jiffies;

		/*
		 * If time_adjust is negative then NTP is slowing the clock
		 * so make sure not to go into next possible interval.
		 * Better to lose some accuracy than have time go backwards..
		 */
		if (unlikely(time_adjust < 0)) {
			max_ntp_tick = (USEC_PER_SEC / HZ) - tickadj;
			usec = min(usec, max_ntp_tick);

			if (lost)
				usec += lost * max_ntp_tick;
		} else if (unlikely(lost))
			usec += lost * (USEC_PER_SEC / HZ);

		sec = xtime.tv_sec;
		usec += (xtime.tv_nsec / 1000);

	} while (read_seqretry(&xtime_lock, seq));

	while (usec >= 1000000) {
		usec -= 1000000;
		sec++;
	}

	tv->tv_sec = sec;
	tv->tv_usec = usec;
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(do_gettimeofday);

int do_settimeofday(struct timespec *tv)
{
	time_t wtm_sec, sec = tv->tv_sec;
	long wtm_nsec, nsec = tv->tv_nsec;

	if ((unsigned long)tv->tv_nsec >= NSEC_PER_SEC)
		return -EINVAL;

	write_seqlock_irq(&xtime_lock);

	/*
	 * This is revolting.  We need to set "xtime" correctly.  However,
	 * the value in this location is the value at the most recent update
	 * of wall time.  Discover what correction gettimeofday() would have
	 * made, and then undo it!
	 */
	nsec -= do_gettimeoffset() * NSEC_PER_USEC;
	nsec -= (jiffies - wall_jiffies) * tick_nsec;

	wtm_sec  = wall_to_monotonic.tv_sec + (xtime.tv_sec - sec);
	wtm_nsec = wall_to_monotonic.tv_nsec + (xtime.tv_nsec - nsec);

	set_normalized_timespec(&xtime, sec, nsec);
	set_normalized_timespec(&wall_to_monotonic, wtm_sec, wtm_nsec);

	ntp_clear();
	write_sequnlock_irq(&xtime_lock);
	clock_was_set();
	return 0;
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(do_settimeofday);

/*
 * Gettimeoffset routines.  These routines returns the time duration
 * since last timer interrupt in usecs.
 *
 * If the exact CPU counter frequency is known, use fixed_rate_gettimeoffset.
 * Otherwise use calibrate_gettimeoffset()
 *
 * If the CPU does not have the counter register, you can either supply
 * your own gettimeoffset() routine, or use null_gettimeoffset(), which
 * gives the same resolution as HZ.
 */

static unsigned long null_gettimeoffset(void)
{
	return 0;
}


/* The function pointer to one of the gettimeoffset funcs.  */
unsigned long (*do_gettimeoffset)(void) = null_gettimeoffset;


static unsigned long fixed_rate_gettimeoffset(void)
{
	u32 count;
	unsigned long res;

	/* Get last timer tick in absolute kernel time */
	count = mips_hpt_read();

	/* .. relative to previous jiffy (32 bits is enough) */
	count -= timerlo;

	__asm__("multu	%1,%2"
		: "=h" (res)
		: "r" (count), "r" (sll32_usecs_per_cycle)
		: "lo", GCC_REG_ACCUM);

	/*
	 * Due to possible jiffies inconsistencies, we need to check
	 * the result so that we'll get a timer that is monotonic.
	 */
	if (res >= USECS_PER_JIFFY)
		res = USECS_PER_JIFFY - 1;

	return res;
}


/*
 * Cached "1/(clocks per usec) * 2^32" value.
 * It has to be recalculated once each jiffy.
 */
static unsigned long cached_quotient;

/* Last jiffy when calibrate_divXX_gettimeoffset() was called. */
static unsigned long last_jiffies;

/*
 * This is moved from dec/time.c:do_ioasic_gettimeoffset() by Maciej.
 */
static unsigned long calibrate_div32_gettimeoffset(void)
{
	u32 count;
	unsigned long res, tmp;
	unsigned long quotient;

	tmp = jiffies;

	quotient = cached_quotient;

	if (last_jiffies != tmp) {
		last_jiffies = tmp;
		if (last_jiffies != 0) {
			unsigned long r0;
			do_div64_32(r0, timerhi, timerlo, tmp);
			do_div64_32(quotient, USECS_PER_JIFFY,
				    USECS_PER_JIFFY_FRAC, r0);
			cached_quotient = quotient;
		}
	}

	/* Get last timer tick in absolute kernel time */
	count = mips_hpt_read();

	/* .. relative to previous jiffy (32 bits is enough) */
	count -= timerlo;

	__asm__("multu  %1,%2"
		: "=h" (res)
		: "r" (count), "r" (quotient)
		: "lo", GCC_REG_ACCUM);

	/*
	 * Due to possible jiffies inconsistencies, we need to check
	 * the result so that we'll get a timer that is monotonic.
	 */
	if (res >= USECS_PER_JIFFY)
		res = USECS_PER_JIFFY - 1;

	return res;
}

static unsigned long calibrate_div64_gettimeoffset(void)
{
	u32 count;
	unsigned long res, tmp;
	unsigned long quotient;

	tmp = jiffies;

	quotient = cached_quotient;

	if (last_jiffies != tmp) {
		last_jiffies = tmp;
		if (last_jiffies) {
			unsigned long r0;
			__asm__(".set	push\n\t"
				".set	mips3\n\t"
				"lwu	%0,%3\n\t"
				"dsll32	%1,%2,0\n\t"
				"or	%1,%1,%0\n\t"
				"ddivu	$0,%1,%4\n\t"
				"mflo	%1\n\t"
				"dsll32	%0,%5,0\n\t"
				"or	%0,%0,%6\n\t"
				"ddivu	$0,%0,%1\n\t"
				"mflo	%0\n\t"
				".set	pop"
				: "=&r" (quotient), "=&r" (r0)
				: "r" (timerhi), "m" (timerlo),
				  "r" (tmp), "r" (USECS_PER_JIFFY),
				  "r" (USECS_PER_JIFFY_FRAC)
				: "hi", "lo", GCC_REG_ACCUM);
			cached_quotient = quotient;
		}
	}

	/* Get last timer tick in absolute kernel time */
	count = mips_hpt_read();

	/* .. relative to previous jiffy (32 bits is enough) */
	count -= timerlo;

	__asm__("multu	%1,%2"
		: "=h" (res)
		: "r" (count), "r" (quotient)
		: "lo", GCC_REG_ACCUM);

	/*
	 * Due to possible jiffies inconsistencies, we need to check
	 * the result so that we'll get a timer that is monotonic.
	 */
	if (res >= USECS_PER_JIFFY)
		res = USECS_PER_JIFFY - 1;

	return res;
}


/* last time when xtime and rtc are sync'ed up */
static long last_rtc_update;

/*
 * local_timer_interrupt() does profiling and process accounting
 * on a per-CPU basis.
 *
 * In UP mode, it is invoked from the (global) timer_interrupt.
 *
 * In SMP mode, it might invoked by per-CPU timer interrupt, or
 * a broadcasted inter-processor interrupt which itself is triggered
 * by the global timer interrupt.
 */
void local_timer_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_id, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	if (current->pid)
		profile_tick(CPU_PROFILING, regs);
	update_process_times(user_mode(regs));
}

/*
 * High-level timer interrupt service routines.  This function
 * is set as irqaction->handler and is invoked through do_IRQ.
 */
irqreturn_t timer_interrupt(int irq, void *dev_id, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	unsigned long j;
	unsigned int count;

	write_seqlock(&xtime_lock);

	count = mips_hpt_read();
	mips_timer_ack();

	/* Update timerhi/timerlo for intra-jiffy calibration. */
	timerhi += count < timerlo;			/* Wrap around */
	timerlo = count;

	/*
	 * call the generic timer interrupt handling
	 */
	do_timer(regs);

	/*
	 * If we have an externally synchronized Linux clock, then update
	 * CMOS clock accordingly every ~11 minutes. rtc_mips_set_time() has to be
	 * called as close as possible to 500 ms before the new second starts.
	 */
	if (ntp_synced() &&
	    xtime.tv_sec > last_rtc_update + 660 &&
	    (xtime.tv_nsec / 1000) >= 500000 - ((unsigned) TICK_SIZE) / 2 &&
	    (xtime.tv_nsec / 1000) <= 500000 + ((unsigned) TICK_SIZE) / 2) {
		if (rtc_mips_set_mmss(xtime.tv_sec) == 0) {
			last_rtc_update = xtime.tv_sec;
		} else {
			/* do it again in 60 s */
			last_rtc_update = xtime.tv_sec - 600;
		}
	}

	/*
	 * If jiffies has overflown in this timer_interrupt, we must
	 * update the timer[hi]/[lo] to make fast gettimeoffset funcs
	 * quotient calc still valid. -arca
	 *
	 * The first timer interrupt comes late as interrupts are
	 * enabled long after timers are initialized.  Therefore the
	 * high precision timer is fast, leading to wrong gettimeoffset()
	 * calculations.  We deal with it by setting it based on the
	 * number of its ticks between the second and the third interrupt.
	 * That is still somewhat imprecise, but it's a good estimate.
	 * --macro
	 */
	j = jiffies;
	if (j < 4) {
		static unsigned int prev_count;
		static int hpt_initialized;

		switch (j) {
		case 0:
			timerhi = timerlo = 0;
			mips_hpt_init(count);
			break;
		case 2:
			prev_count = count;
			break;
		case 3:
			if (!hpt_initialized) {
				unsigned int c3 = 3 * (count - prev_count);

				timerhi = 0;
				timerlo = c3;
				mips_hpt_init(count - c3);
				hpt_initialized = 1;
			}
			break;
		default:
			break;
		}
	}

	write_sequnlock(&xtime_lock);

	/*
	 * In UP mode, we call local_timer_interrupt() to do profiling
	 * and process accouting.
	 *
	 * In SMP mode, local_timer_interrupt() is invoked by appropriate
	 * low-level local timer interrupt handler.
	 */
	local_timer_interrupt(irq, dev_id, regs);

	return IRQ_HANDLED;
}

int null_perf_irq(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	return 0;
}

int (*perf_irq)(struct pt_regs *regs) = null_perf_irq;

EXPORT_SYMBOL(null_perf_irq);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(perf_irq);

asmlinkage void ll_timer_interrupt(int irq, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	int r2 = cpu_has_mips_r2;

	irq_enter();
	kstat_this_cpu.irqs[irq]++;

	/*
	 * Suckage alert:
	 * Before R2 of the architecture there was no way to see if a
	 * performance counter interrupt was pending, so we have to run the
	 * performance counter interrupt handler anyway.
	 */
	if (!r2 || (read_c0_cause() & (1 << 26)))
		if (perf_irq(regs))
			goto out;

	/* we keep interrupt disabled all the time */
	if (!r2 || (read_c0_cause() & (1 << 30)))
		timer_interrupt(irq, NULL, regs);

out:
	irq_exit();
}

asmlinkage void ll_local_timer_interrupt(int irq, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	irq_enter();
	if (smp_processor_id() != 0)
		kstat_this_cpu.irqs[irq]++;

	/* we keep interrupt disabled all the time */
	local_timer_interrupt(irq, NULL, regs);

	irq_exit();
}

/*
 * time_init() - it does the following things.
 *
 * 1) board_time_init() -
 * 	a) (optional) set up RTC routines,
 *      b) (optional) calibrate and set the mips_hpt_frequency
 *	    (only needed if you intended to use fixed_rate_gettimeoffset
 *	     or use cpu counter as timer interrupt source)
 * 2) setup xtime based on rtc_mips_get_time().
 * 3) choose a appropriate gettimeoffset routine.
 * 4) calculate a couple of cached variables for later usage
 * 5) board_timer_setup() -
 *	a) (optional) over-write any choices made above by time_init().
 *	b) machine specific code should setup the timer irqaction.
 *	c) enable the timer interrupt
 */

void (*board_time_init)(void);
void (*board_timer_setup)(struct irqaction *irq);

unsigned int mips_hpt_frequency;

static struct irqaction timer_irqaction = {
	.handler = timer_interrupt,
	.flags = SA_INTERRUPT,
	.name = "timer",
};

static unsigned int __init calibrate_hpt(void)
{
	u64 frequency;
	u32 hpt_start, hpt_end, hpt_count, hz;

	const int loops = HZ / 10;
	int log_2_loops = 0;
	int i;

	/*
	 * We want to calibrate for 0.1s, but to avoid a 64-bit
	 * division we round the number of loops up to the nearest
	 * power of 2.
	 */
	while (loops > 1 << log_2_loops)
		log_2_loops++;
	i = 1 << log_2_loops;

	/*
	 * Wait for a rising edge of the timer interrupt.
	 */
	while (mips_timer_state());
	while (!mips_timer_state());

	/*
	 * Now see how many high precision timer ticks happen
	 * during the calculated number of periods between timer
	 * interrupts.
	 */
	hpt_start = mips_hpt_read();
	do {
		while (mips_timer_state());
		while (!mips_timer_state());
	} while (--i);
	hpt_end = mips_hpt_read();

	hpt_count = hpt_end - hpt_start;
	hz = HZ;
	frequency = (u64)hpt_count * (u64)hz;

	return frequency >> log_2_loops;
}

void __init time_init(void)
{
	if (board_time_init)
		board_time_init();

	if (!rtc_mips_set_mmss)
		rtc_mips_set_mmss = rtc_mips_set_time;

	xtime.tv_sec = rtc_mips_get_time();
	xtime.tv_nsec = 0;

	set_normalized_timespec(&wall_to_monotonic,
	                        -xtime.tv_sec, -xtime.tv_nsec);

	/* Choose appropriate high precision timer routines.  */
	if (!cpu_has_counter && !mips_hpt_read) {
		/* No high precision timer -- sorry.  */
		mips_hpt_read = null_hpt_read;
		mips_hpt_init = null_hpt_init;
	} else if (!mips_hpt_frequency && !mips_timer_state) {
		/* A high precision timer of unknown frequency.  */
		if (!mips_hpt_read) {
			/* No external high precision timer -- use R4k.  */
			mips_hpt_read = c0_hpt_read;
			mips_hpt_init = c0_hpt_init;
		}

		if (cpu_has_mips32r1 || cpu_has_mips32r2 ||
		    (current_cpu_data.isa_level == MIPS_CPU_ISA_I) ||
		    (current_cpu_data.isa_level == MIPS_CPU_ISA_II))
			/*
			 * We need to calibrate the counter but we don't have
			 * 64-bit division.
			 */
			do_gettimeoffset = calibrate_div32_gettimeoffset;
		else
			/*
			 * We need to calibrate the counter but we *do* have
			 * 64-bit division.
			 */
			do_gettimeoffset = calibrate_div64_gettimeoffset;
	} else {
		/* We know counter frequency.  Or we can get it.  */
		if (!mips_hpt_read) {
			/* No external high precision timer -- use R4k.  */
			mips_hpt_read = c0_hpt_read;

			if (mips_timer_state)
				mips_hpt_init = c0_hpt_init;
			else {
				/* No external timer interrupt -- use R4k.  */
				mips_hpt_init = c0_hpt_timer_init;
				mips_timer_ack = c0_timer_ack;
			}
		}
		if (!mips_hpt_frequency)
			mips_hpt_frequency = calibrate_hpt();

		do_gettimeoffset = fixed_rate_gettimeoffset;

		/* Calculate cache parameters.  */
		cycles_per_jiffy = (mips_hpt_frequency + HZ / 2) / HZ;

		/* sll32_usecs_per_cycle = 10^6 * 2^32 / mips_counter_freq  */
		do_div64_32(sll32_usecs_per_cycle,
			    1000000, mips_hpt_frequency / 2,
			    mips_hpt_frequency);

		/* Report the high precision timer rate for a reference.  */
		printk("Using %u.%03u MHz high precision timer.\n",
		       ((mips_hpt_frequency + 500) / 1000) / 1000,
		       ((mips_hpt_frequency + 500) / 1000) % 1000);
	}

	if (!mips_timer_ack)
		/* No timer interrupt ack (e.g. i8254).  */
		mips_timer_ack = null_timer_ack;

	/* This sets up the high precision timer for the first interrupt.  */
	mips_hpt_init(mips_hpt_read());

	/*
	 * Call board specific timer interrupt setup.
	 *
	 * this pointer must be setup in machine setup routine.
	 *
	 * Even if a machine chooses to use a low-level timer interrupt,
	 * it still needs to setup the timer_irqaction.
	 * In that case, it might be better to set timer_irqaction.handler
	 * to be NULL function so that we are sure the high-level code
	 * is not invoked accidentally.
	 */
	board_timer_setup(&timer_irqaction);
}

#define FEBRUARY		2
#define STARTOFTIME		1970
#define SECDAY			86400L
#define SECYR			(SECDAY * 365)
#define leapyear(y)		((!((y) % 4) && ((y) % 100)) || !((y) % 400))
#define days_in_year(y)		(leapyear(y) ? 366 : 365)
#define days_in_month(m)	(month_days[(m) - 1])

static int month_days[12] = {
	31, 28, 31, 30, 31, 30, 31, 31, 30, 31, 30, 31
};

void to_tm(unsigned long tim, struct rtc_time *tm)
{
	long hms, day, gday;
	int i;

	gday = day = tim / SECDAY;
	hms = tim % SECDAY;

	/* Hours, minutes, seconds are easy */
	tm->tm_hour = hms / 3600;
	tm->tm_min = (hms % 3600) / 60;
	tm->tm_sec = (hms % 3600) % 60;

	/* Number of years in days */
	for (i = STARTOFTIME; day >= days_in_year(i); i++)
		day -= days_in_year(i);
	tm->tm_year = i;

	/* Number of months in days left */
	if (leapyear(tm->tm_year))
		days_in_month(FEBRUARY) = 29;
	for (i = 1; day >= days_in_month(i); i++)
		day -= days_in_month(i);
	days_in_month(FEBRUARY) = 28;
	tm->tm_mon = i - 1;		/* tm_mon starts from 0 to 11 */

	/* Days are what is left over (+1) from all that. */
	tm->tm_mday = day + 1;

	/*
	 * Determine the day of week
	 */
	tm->tm_wday = (gday + 4) % 7;	/* 1970/1/1 was Thursday */
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(rtc_lock);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(to_tm);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(rtc_mips_set_time);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(rtc_mips_get_time);

unsigned long long sched_clock(void)
{
	return (unsigned long long)jiffies*(1000000000/HZ);
}

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