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path: root/arch/mips/kernel/unaligned.c
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/*
 * Handle unaligned accesses by emulation.
 *
 * This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public
 * License.  See the file "COPYING" in the main directory of this archive
 * for more details.
 *
 * Copyright (C) 1996, 1998, 1999, 2002 by Ralf Baechle
 * Copyright (C) 1999 Silicon Graphics, Inc.
 *
 * This file contains exception handler for address error exception with the
 * special capability to execute faulting instructions in software.  The
 * handler does not try to handle the case when the program counter points
 * to an address not aligned to a word boundary.
 *
 * Putting data to unaligned addresses is a bad practice even on Intel where
 * only the performance is affected.  Much worse is that such code is non-
 * portable.  Due to several programs that die on MIPS due to alignment
 * problems I decided to implement this handler anyway though I originally
 * didn't intend to do this at all for user code.
 *
 * For now I enable fixing of address errors by default to make life easier.
 * I however intend to disable this somewhen in the future when the alignment
 * problems with user programs have been fixed.  For programmers this is the
 * right way to go.
 *
 * Fixing address errors is a per process option.  The option is inherited
 * across fork(2) and execve(2) calls.  If you really want to use the
 * option in your user programs - I discourage the use of the software
 * emulation strongly - use the following code in your userland stuff:
 *
 * #include <sys/sysmips.h>
 *
 * ...
 * sysmips(MIPS_FIXADE, x);
 * ...
 *
 * The argument x is 0 for disabling software emulation, enabled otherwise.
 *
 * Below a little program to play around with this feature.
 *
 * #include <stdio.h>
 * #include <sys/sysmips.h>
 *
 * struct foo {
 *         unsigned char bar[8];
 * };
 *
 * main(int argc, char *argv[])
 * {
 *         struct foo x = {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7};
 *         unsigned int *p = (unsigned int *) (x.bar + 3);
 *         int i;
 *
 *         if (argc > 1)
 *                 sysmips(MIPS_FIXADE, atoi(argv[1]));
 *
 *         printf("*p = %08lx\n", *p);
 *
 *         *p = 0xdeadface;
 *
 *         for(i = 0; i <= 7; i++)
 *         printf("%02x ", x.bar[i]);
 *         printf("\n");
 * }
 *
 * Coprocessor loads are not supported; I think this case is unimportant
 * in the practice.
 *
 * TODO: Handle ndc (attempted store to doubleword in uncached memory)
 *       exception for the R6000.
 *       A store crossing a page boundary might be executed only partially.
 *       Undo the partial store in this case.
 */
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/debugfs.h>
#include <asm/asm.h>
#include <asm/branch.h>
#include <asm/byteorder.h>
#include <asm/inst.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/system.h>

#define STR(x)  __STR(x)
#define __STR(x)  #x

enum {
	UNALIGNED_ACTION_QUIET,
	UNALIGNED_ACTION_SIGNAL,
	UNALIGNED_ACTION_SHOW,
};
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS
static u32 unaligned_instructions;
static u32 unaligned_action;
#else
#define unaligned_action UNALIGNED_ACTION_QUIET
#endif
extern void show_registers(struct pt_regs *regs);

static inline int emulate_load_store_insn(struct pt_regs *regs,
	void __user *addr, unsigned int __user *pc,
	unsigned long **regptr, unsigned long *newvalue)
{
	union mips_instruction insn;
	unsigned long value;
	unsigned int res;

	regs->regs[0] = 0;
	*regptr=NULL;

	/*
	 * This load never faults.
	 */
	__get_user(insn.word, pc);

	switch (insn.i_format.opcode) {
	/*
	 * These are instructions that a compiler doesn't generate.  We
	 * can assume therefore that the code is MIPS-aware and
	 * really buggy.  Emulating these instructions would break the
	 * semantics anyway.
	 */
	case ll_op:
	case lld_op:
	case sc_op:
	case scd_op:

	/*
	 * For these instructions the only way to create an address
	 * error is an attempted access to kernel/supervisor address
	 * space.
	 */
	case ldl_op:
	case ldr_op:
	case lwl_op:
	case lwr_op:
	case sdl_op:
	case sdr_op:
	case swl_op:
	case swr_op:
	case lb_op:
	case lbu_op:
	case sb_op:
		goto sigbus;

	/*
	 * The remaining opcodes are the ones that are really of interest.
	 */
	case lh_op:
		if (!access_ok(VERIFY_READ, addr, 2))
			goto sigbus;

		__asm__ __volatile__ (".set\tnoat\n"
#ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN
			"1:\tlb\t%0, 0(%2)\n"
			"2:\tlbu\t$1, 1(%2)\n\t"
#endif
#ifdef __LITTLE_ENDIAN
			"1:\tlb\t%0, 1(%2)\n"
			"2:\tlbu\t$1, 0(%2)\n\t"
#endif
			"sll\t%0, 0x8\n\t"
			"or\t%0, $1\n\t"
			"li\t%1, 0\n"
			"3:\t.set\tat\n\t"
			".section\t.fixup,\"ax\"\n\t"
			"4:\tli\t%1, %3\n\t"
			"j\t3b\n\t"
			".previous\n\t"
			".section\t__ex_table,\"a\"\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t1b, 4b\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t2b, 4b\n\t"
			".previous"
			: "=&r" (value), "=r" (res)
			: "r" (addr), "i" (-EFAULT));
		if (res)
			goto fault;
		*newvalue = value;
		*regptr = &regs->regs[insn.i_format.rt];
		break;

	case lw_op:
		if (!access_ok(VERIFY_READ, addr, 4))
			goto sigbus;

		__asm__ __volatile__ (
#ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN
			"1:\tlwl\t%0, (%2)\n"
			"2:\tlwr\t%0, 3(%2)\n\t"
#endif
#ifdef __LITTLE_ENDIAN
			"1:\tlwl\t%0, 3(%2)\n"
			"2:\tlwr\t%0, (%2)\n\t"
#endif
			"li\t%1, 0\n"
			"3:\t.section\t.fixup,\"ax\"\n\t"
			"4:\tli\t%1, %3\n\t"
			"j\t3b\n\t"
			".previous\n\t"
			".section\t__ex_table,\"a\"\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t1b, 4b\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t2b, 4b\n\t"
			".previous"
			: "=&r" (value), "=r" (res)
			: "r" (addr), "i" (-EFAULT));
		if (res)
			goto fault;
		*newvalue = value;
		*regptr = &regs->regs[insn.i_format.rt];
		break;

	case lhu_op:
		if (!access_ok(VERIFY_READ, addr, 2))
			goto sigbus;

		__asm__ __volatile__ (
			".set\tnoat\n"
#ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN
			"1:\tlbu\t%0, 0(%2)\n"
			"2:\tlbu\t$1, 1(%2)\n\t"
#endif
#ifdef __LITTLE_ENDIAN
			"1:\tlbu\t%0, 1(%2)\n"
			"2:\tlbu\t$1, 0(%2)\n\t"
#endif
			"sll\t%0, 0x8\n\t"
			"or\t%0, $1\n\t"
			"li\t%1, 0\n"
			"3:\t.set\tat\n\t"
			".section\t.fixup,\"ax\"\n\t"
			"4:\tli\t%1, %3\n\t"
			"j\t3b\n\t"
			".previous\n\t"
			".section\t__ex_table,\"a\"\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t1b, 4b\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t2b, 4b\n\t"
			".previous"
			: "=&r" (value), "=r" (res)
			: "r" (addr), "i" (-EFAULT));
		if (res)
			goto fault;
		*newvalue = value;
		*regptr = &regs->regs[insn.i_format.rt];
		break;

	case lwu_op:
#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
		/*
		 * A 32-bit kernel might be running on a 64-bit processor.  But
		 * if we're on a 32-bit processor and an i-cache incoherency
		 * or race makes us see a 64-bit instruction here the sdl/sdr
		 * would blow up, so for now we don't handle unaligned 64-bit
		 * instructions on 32-bit kernels.
		 */
		if (!access_ok(VERIFY_READ, addr, 4))
			goto sigbus;

		__asm__ __volatile__ (
#ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN
			"1:\tlwl\t%0, (%2)\n"
			"2:\tlwr\t%0, 3(%2)\n\t"
#endif
#ifdef __LITTLE_ENDIAN
			"1:\tlwl\t%0, 3(%2)\n"
			"2:\tlwr\t%0, (%2)\n\t"
#endif
			"dsll\t%0, %0, 32\n\t"
			"dsrl\t%0, %0, 32\n\t"
			"li\t%1, 0\n"
			"3:\t.section\t.fixup,\"ax\"\n\t"
			"4:\tli\t%1, %3\n\t"
			"j\t3b\n\t"
			".previous\n\t"
			".section\t__ex_table,\"a\"\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t1b, 4b\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t2b, 4b\n\t"
			".previous"
			: "=&r" (value), "=r" (res)
			: "r" (addr), "i" (-EFAULT));
		if (res)
			goto fault;
		*newvalue = value;
		*regptr = &regs->regs[insn.i_format.rt];
		break;
#endif /* CONFIG_64BIT */

		/* Cannot handle 64-bit instructions in 32-bit kernel */
		goto sigill;

	case ld_op:
#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
		/*
		 * A 32-bit kernel might be running on a 64-bit processor.  But
		 * if we're on a 32-bit processor and an i-cache incoherency
		 * or race makes us see a 64-bit instruction here the sdl/sdr
		 * would blow up, so for now we don't handle unaligned 64-bit
		 * instructions on 32-bit kernels.
		 */
		if (!access_ok(VERIFY_READ, addr, 8))
			goto sigbus;

		__asm__ __volatile__ (
#ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN
			"1:\tldl\t%0, (%2)\n"
			"2:\tldr\t%0, 7(%2)\n\t"
#endif
#ifdef __LITTLE_ENDIAN
			"1:\tldl\t%0, 7(%2)\n"
			"2:\tldr\t%0, (%2)\n\t"
#endif
			"li\t%1, 0\n"
			"3:\t.section\t.fixup,\"ax\"\n\t"
			"4:\tli\t%1, %3\n\t"
			"j\t3b\n\t"
			".previous\n\t"
			".section\t__ex_table,\"a\"\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t1b, 4b\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t2b, 4b\n\t"
			".previous"
			: "=&r" (value), "=r" (res)
			: "r" (addr), "i" (-EFAULT));
		if (res)
			goto fault;
		*newvalue = value;
		*regptr = &regs->regs[insn.i_format.rt];
		break;
#endif /* CONFIG_64BIT */

		/* Cannot handle 64-bit instructions in 32-bit kernel */
		goto sigill;

	case sh_op:
		if (!access_ok(VERIFY_WRITE, addr, 2))
			goto sigbus;

		value = regs->regs[insn.i_format.rt];
		__asm__ __volatile__ (
#ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN
			".set\tnoat\n"
			"1:\tsb\t%1, 1(%2)\n\t"
			"srl\t$1, %1, 0x8\n"
			"2:\tsb\t$1, 0(%2)\n\t"
			".set\tat\n\t"
#endif
#ifdef __LITTLE_ENDIAN
			".set\tnoat\n"
			"1:\tsb\t%1, 0(%2)\n\t"
			"srl\t$1,%1, 0x8\n"
			"2:\tsb\t$1, 1(%2)\n\t"
			".set\tat\n\t"
#endif
			"li\t%0, 0\n"
			"3:\n\t"
			".section\t.fixup,\"ax\"\n\t"
			"4:\tli\t%0, %3\n\t"
			"j\t3b\n\t"
			".previous\n\t"
			".section\t__ex_table,\"a\"\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t1b, 4b\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t2b, 4b\n\t"
			".previous"
			: "=r" (res)
			: "r" (value), "r" (addr), "i" (-EFAULT));
		if (res)
			goto fault;
		break;

	case sw_op:
		if (!access_ok(VERIFY_WRITE, addr, 4))
			goto sigbus;

		value = regs->regs[insn.i_format.rt];
		__asm__ __volatile__ (
#ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN
			"1:\tswl\t%1,(%2)\n"
			"2:\tswr\t%1, 3(%2)\n\t"
#endif
#ifdef __LITTLE_ENDIAN
			"1:\tswl\t%1, 3(%2)\n"
			"2:\tswr\t%1, (%2)\n\t"
#endif
			"li\t%0, 0\n"
			"3:\n\t"
			".section\t.fixup,\"ax\"\n\t"
			"4:\tli\t%0, %3\n\t"
			"j\t3b\n\t"
			".previous\n\t"
			".section\t__ex_table,\"a\"\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t1b, 4b\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t2b, 4b\n\t"
			".previous"
		: "=r" (res)
		: "r" (value), "r" (addr), "i" (-EFAULT));
		if (res)
			goto fault;
		break;

	case sd_op:
#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
		/*
		 * A 32-bit kernel might be running on a 64-bit processor.  But
		 * if we're on a 32-bit processor and an i-cache incoherency
		 * or race makes us see a 64-bit instruction here the sdl/sdr
		 * would blow up, so for now we don't handle unaligned 64-bit
		 * instructions on 32-bit kernels.
		 */
		if (!access_ok(VERIFY_WRITE, addr, 8))
			goto sigbus;

		value = regs->regs[insn.i_format.rt];
		__asm__ __volatile__ (
#ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN
			"1:\tsdl\t%1,(%2)\n"
			"2:\tsdr\t%1, 7(%2)\n\t"
#endif
#ifdef __LITTLE_ENDIAN
			"1:\tsdl\t%1, 7(%2)\n"
			"2:\tsdr\t%1, (%2)\n\t"
#endif
			"li\t%0, 0\n"
			"3:\n\t"
			".section\t.fixup,\"ax\"\n\t"
			"4:\tli\t%0, %3\n\t"
			"j\t3b\n\t"
			".previous\n\t"
			".section\t__ex_table,\"a\"\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t1b, 4b\n\t"
			STR(PTR)"\t2b, 4b\n\t"
			".previous"
		: "=r" (res)
		: "r" (value), "r" (addr), "i" (-EFAULT));
		if (res)
			goto fault;
		break;
#endif /* CONFIG_64BIT */

		/* Cannot handle 64-bit instructions in 32-bit kernel */
		goto sigill;

	case lwc1_op:
	case ldc1_op:
	case swc1_op:
	case sdc1_op:
		/*
		 * I herewith declare: this does not happen.  So send SIGBUS.
		 */
		goto sigbus;

	case lwc2_op:
	case ldc2_op:
	case swc2_op:
	case sdc2_op:
		/*
		 * These are the coprocessor 2 load/stores.  The current
		 * implementations don't use cp2 and cp2 should always be
		 * disabled in c0_status.  So send SIGILL.
                 * (No longer true: The Sony Praystation uses cp2 for
                 * 3D matrix operations.  Dunno if that thingy has a MMU ...)
		 */
	default:
		/*
		 * Pheeee...  We encountered an yet unknown instruction or
		 * cache coherence problem.  Die sucker, die ...
		 */
		goto sigill;
	}

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS
	unaligned_instructions++;
#endif

	return 0;

fault:
	/* Did we have an exception handler installed? */
	if (fixup_exception(regs))
		return 1;

	die_if_kernel ("Unhandled kernel unaligned access", regs);
	send_sig(SIGSEGV, current, 1);

	return 0;

sigbus:
	die_if_kernel("Unhandled kernel unaligned access", regs);
	send_sig(SIGBUS, current, 1);

	return 0;

sigill:
	die_if_kernel("Unhandled kernel unaligned access or invalid instruction", regs);
	send_sig(SIGILL, current, 1);

	return 0;
}

asmlinkage void do_ade(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
	unsigned long *regptr, newval;
	extern int do_dsemulret(struct pt_regs *);
	unsigned int __user *pc;
	mm_segment_t seg;

	/*
	 * Address errors may be deliberately induced by the FPU emulator to
	 * retake control of the CPU after executing the instruction in the
	 * delay slot of an emulated branch.
	 */
	/* Terminate if exception was recognized as a delay slot return */
	if (do_dsemulret(regs))
		return;

	/* Otherwise handle as normal */

	/*
	 * Did we catch a fault trying to load an instruction?
	 * Or are we running in MIPS16 mode?
	 */
	if ((regs->cp0_badvaddr == regs->cp0_epc) || (regs->cp0_epc & 0x1))
		goto sigbus;

	pc = (unsigned int __user *) exception_epc(regs);
	if (user_mode(regs) && !test_thread_flag(TIF_FIXADE))
		goto sigbus;
	if (unaligned_action == UNALIGNED_ACTION_SIGNAL)
		goto sigbus;
	else if (unaligned_action == UNALIGNED_ACTION_SHOW)
		show_registers(regs);

	/*
	 * Do branch emulation only if we didn't forward the exception.
	 * This is all so but ugly ...
	 */
	seg = get_fs();
	if (!user_mode(regs))
		set_fs(KERNEL_DS);
	if (!emulate_load_store_insn(regs, (void __user *)regs->cp0_badvaddr, pc,
	                             &regptr, &newval)) {
		compute_return_epc(regs);
		/*
		 * Now that branch is evaluated, update the dest
		 * register if necessary
		 */
		if (regptr)
			*regptr = newval;
	}
	set_fs(seg);

	return;

sigbus:
	die_if_kernel("Kernel unaligned instruction access", regs);
	force_sig(SIGBUS, current);

	/*
	 * XXX On return from the signal handler we should advance the epc
	 */
}

#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS
extern struct dentry *mips_debugfs_dir;
static int __init debugfs_unaligned(void)
{
	struct dentry *d;

	if (!mips_debugfs_dir)
		return -ENODEV;
	d = debugfs_create_u32("unaligned_instructions", S_IRUGO,
			       mips_debugfs_dir, &unaligned_instructions);
	if (IS_ERR(d))
		return PTR_ERR(d);
	d = debugfs_create_u32("unaligned_action", S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR,
			       mips_debugfs_dir, &unaligned_action);
	if (IS_ERR(d))
		return PTR_ERR(d);
	return 0;
}
__initcall(debugfs_unaligned);
#endif

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