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# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
# Unified Makefile for i386 and x86_64

# select defconfig based on actual architecture
ifeq ($(ARCH),x86)
  ifeq ($(shell uname -m),x86_64)
        KBUILD_DEFCONFIG := x86_64_defconfig
  else
        KBUILD_DEFCONFIG := i386_defconfig
  endif
else
        KBUILD_DEFCONFIG := $(ARCH)_defconfig
endif

# For gcc stack alignment is specified with -mpreferred-stack-boundary,
# clang has the option -mstack-alignment for that purpose.
ifneq ($(call cc-option, -mpreferred-stack-boundary=4),)
      cc_stack_align4 := -mpreferred-stack-boundary=2
      cc_stack_align8 := -mpreferred-stack-boundary=3
else ifneq ($(call cc-option, -mstack-alignment=16),)
      cc_stack_align4 := -mstack-alignment=4
      cc_stack_align8 := -mstack-alignment=8
endif

# How to compile the 16-bit code.  Note we always compile for -march=i386;
# that way we can complain to the user if the CPU is insufficient.
#
# The -m16 option is supported by GCC >= 4.9 and clang >= 3.5. For
# older versions of GCC, include an *assembly* header to make sure that
# gcc doesn't play any games behind our back.
CODE16GCC_CFLAGS := -m32 -Wa,$(srctree)/arch/x86/boot/code16gcc.h
M16_CFLAGS	 := $(call cc-option, -m16, $(CODE16GCC_CFLAGS))

REALMODE_CFLAGS	:= $(M16_CFLAGS) -g -Os -DDISABLE_BRANCH_PROFILING \
		   -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -march=i386 -mregparm=3 \
		   -fno-strict-aliasing -fomit-frame-pointer -fno-pic \
		   -mno-mmx -mno-sse

REALMODE_CFLAGS += $(call __cc-option, $(CC), $(REALMODE_CFLAGS), -ffreestanding)
REALMODE_CFLAGS += $(call __cc-option, $(CC), $(REALMODE_CFLAGS), -fno-stack-protector)
REALMODE_CFLAGS += $(call __cc-option, $(CC), $(REALMODE_CFLAGS), $(cc_stack_align4))
export REALMODE_CFLAGS

# BITS is used as extension for files which are available in a 32 bit
# and a 64 bit version to simplify shared Makefiles.
# e.g.: obj-y += foo_$(BITS).o
export BITS

ifdef CONFIG_X86_NEED_RELOCS
        LDFLAGS_vmlinux := --emit-relocs
endif

#
# Prevent GCC from generating any FP code by mistake.
#
# This must happen before we try the -mpreferred-stack-boundary, see:
#
#    https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=53383
#
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -mno-sse -mno-mmx -mno-sse2 -mno-3dnow
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-mno-avx,)

ifeq ($(CONFIG_X86_32),y)
        BITS := 32
        UTS_MACHINE := i386
        CHECKFLAGS += -D__i386__

        biarch := $(call cc-option,-m32)
        KBUILD_AFLAGS += $(biarch)
        KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(biarch)

        KBUILD_CFLAGS += -msoft-float -mregparm=3 -freg-struct-return

        # Never want PIC in a 32-bit kernel, prevent breakage with GCC built
        # with nonstandard options
        KBUILD_CFLAGS += -fno-pic

        # Align the stack to the register width instead of using the default
        # alignment of 16 bytes. This reduces stack usage and the number of
        # alignment instructions.
        KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,$(cc_stack_align4))

        # Disable unit-at-a-time mode on pre-gcc-4.0 compilers, it makes gcc use
        # a lot more stack due to the lack of sharing of stacklots:
        KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-ifversion, -lt, 0400, \
				$(call cc-option,-fno-unit-at-a-time))

        # CPU-specific tuning. Anything which can be shared with UML should go here.
        include arch/x86/Makefile_32.cpu
        KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(cflags-y)

        # temporary until string.h is fixed
        KBUILD_CFLAGS += -ffreestanding
else
        BITS := 64
        UTS_MACHINE := x86_64
        CHECKFLAGS += -D__x86_64__

        biarch := -m64
        KBUILD_AFLAGS += -m64
        KBUILD_CFLAGS += -m64

        # Align jump targets to 1 byte, not the default 16 bytes:
        KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-falign-jumps=1)

        # Pack loops tightly as well:
        KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-falign-loops=1)

        # Don't autogenerate traditional x87 instructions
        KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-mno-80387)
        KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-mno-fp-ret-in-387)

        # By default gcc and clang use a stack alignment of 16 bytes for x86.
        # However the standard kernel entry on x86-64 leaves the stack on an
        # 8-byte boundary. If the compiler isn't informed about the actual
        # alignment it will generate extra alignment instructions for the
        # default alignment which keep the stack *mis*aligned.
        # Furthermore an alignment to the register width reduces stack usage
        # and the number of alignment instructions.
        KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,$(cc_stack_align8))

	# Use -mskip-rax-setup if supported.
	KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-mskip-rax-setup)

        # FIXME - should be integrated in Makefile.cpu (Makefile_32.cpu)
        cflags-$(CONFIG_MK8) += $(call cc-option,-march=k8)
        cflags-$(CONFIG_MPSC) += $(call cc-option,-march=nocona)

        cflags-$(CONFIG_MCORE2) += \
                $(call cc-option,-march=core2,$(call cc-option,-mtune=generic))
	cflags-$(CONFIG_MATOM) += $(call cc-option,-march=atom) \
		$(call cc-option,-mtune=atom,$(call cc-option,-mtune=generic))
        cflags-$(CONFIG_GENERIC_CPU) += $(call cc-option,-mtune=generic)
        KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(cflags-y)

        KBUILD_CFLAGS += -mno-red-zone
        KBUILD_CFLAGS += -mcmodel=kernel

        # -funit-at-a-time shrinks the kernel .text considerably
        # unfortunately it makes reading oopses harder.
        KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-funit-at-a-time)
endif

ifdef CONFIG_X86_X32
	x32_ld_ok := $(call try-run,\
			/bin/echo -e '1: .quad 1b' | \
			$(CC) $(KBUILD_AFLAGS) -c -x assembler -o "$$TMP" - && \
			$(OBJCOPY) -O elf32-x86-64 "$$TMP" "$$TMPO" && \
			$(LD) -m elf32_x86_64 "$$TMPO" -o "$$TMP",y,n)
        ifeq ($(x32_ld_ok),y)
                CONFIG_X86_X32_ABI := y
                KBUILD_AFLAGS += -DCONFIG_X86_X32_ABI
                KBUILD_CFLAGS += -DCONFIG_X86_X32_ABI
        else
                $(warning CONFIG_X86_X32 enabled but no binutils support)
        endif
endif
export CONFIG_X86_X32_ABI

#
# If the function graph tracer is used with mcount instead of fentry,
# '-maccumulate-outgoing-args' is needed to prevent a GCC bug
# (https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=42109)
#
ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER
  ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_FENTRY
	ACCUMULATE_OUTGOING_ARGS := 1
  else
    ifeq ($(call cc-option-yn, -mfentry), n)
	ACCUMULATE_OUTGOING_ARGS := 1

	# GCC ignores '-maccumulate-outgoing-args' when used with '-Os'.
	# If '-Os' is enabled, disable it and print a warning.
        ifdef CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_SIZE
          undefine CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_SIZE
          $(warning Disabling CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_SIZE.  Your compiler does not have -mfentry so you cannot optimize for size with CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER.)
        endif

    endif
  endif
endif

ifndef CC_HAVE_ASM_GOTO
  $(error Compiler lacks asm-goto support.)
endif

#
# Jump labels need '-maccumulate-outgoing-args' for gcc < 4.5.2 to prevent a
# GCC bug (https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=46226).  There's no way
# to test for this bug at compile-time because the test case needs to execute,
# which is a no-go for cross compilers.  So check the GCC version instead.
#
ifdef CONFIG_JUMP_LABEL
  ifneq ($(ACCUMULATE_OUTGOING_ARGS), 1)
	ACCUMULATE_OUTGOING_ARGS = $(call cc-if-fullversion, -lt, 040502, 1)
  endif
endif

ifeq ($(ACCUMULATE_OUTGOING_ARGS), 1)
	# This compiler flag is not supported by Clang:
	KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-maccumulate-outgoing-args,)
endif

# Stackpointer is addressed different for 32 bit and 64 bit x86
sp-$(CONFIG_X86_32) := esp
sp-$(CONFIG_X86_64) := rsp

# do binutils support CFI?
cfi := $(call as-instr,.cfi_startproc\n.cfi_rel_offset $(sp-y)$(comma)0\n.cfi_endproc,-DCONFIG_AS_CFI=1)
# is .cfi_signal_frame supported too?
cfi-sigframe := $(call as-instr,.cfi_startproc\n.cfi_signal_frame\n.cfi_endproc,-DCONFIG_AS_CFI_SIGNAL_FRAME=1)
cfi-sections := $(call as-instr,.cfi_sections .debug_frame,-DCONFIG_AS_CFI_SECTIONS=1)

# does binutils support specific instructions?
asinstr := $(call as-instr,fxsaveq (%rax),-DCONFIG_AS_FXSAVEQ=1)
asinstr += $(call as-instr,pshufb %xmm0$(comma)%xmm0,-DCONFIG_AS_SSSE3=1)
asinstr += $(call as-instr,crc32l %eax$(comma)%eax,-DCONFIG_AS_CRC32=1)
avx_instr := $(call as-instr,vxorps %ymm0$(comma)%ymm1$(comma)%ymm2,-DCONFIG_AS_AVX=1)
avx2_instr :=$(call as-instr,vpbroadcastb %xmm0$(comma)%ymm1,-DCONFIG_AS_AVX2=1)
avx512_instr :=$(call as-instr,vpmovm2b %k1$(comma)%zmm5,-DCONFIG_AS_AVX512=1)
sha1_ni_instr :=$(call as-instr,sha1msg1 %xmm0$(comma)%xmm1,-DCONFIG_AS_SHA1_NI=1)
sha256_ni_instr :=$(call as-instr,sha256msg1 %xmm0$(comma)%xmm1,-DCONFIG_AS_SHA256_NI=1)

KBUILD_AFLAGS += $(cfi) $(cfi-sigframe) $(cfi-sections) $(asinstr) $(avx_instr) $(avx2_instr) $(avx512_instr) $(sha1_ni_instr) $(sha256_ni_instr)
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(cfi) $(cfi-sigframe) $(cfi-sections) $(asinstr) $(avx_instr) $(avx2_instr) $(avx512_instr) $(sha1_ni_instr) $(sha256_ni_instr)

LDFLAGS := -m elf_$(UTS_MACHINE)

#
# The 64-bit kernel must be aligned to 2MB.  Pass -z max-page-size=0x200000 to
# the linker to force 2MB page size regardless of the default page size used
# by the linker.
#
ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
LDFLAGS += $(call ld-option, -z max-page-size=0x200000)
endif

# Speed up the build
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -pipe
# Workaround for a gcc prelease that unfortunately was shipped in a suse release
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -Wno-sign-compare
#
KBUILD_CFLAGS += -fno-asynchronous-unwind-tables

# Avoid indirect branches in kernel to deal with Spectre
ifdef CONFIG_RETPOLINE
ifneq ($(RETPOLINE_CFLAGS),)
  KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(RETPOLINE_CFLAGS) -DRETPOLINE
endif
endif

archscripts: scripts_basic
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=arch/x86/tools relocs

###
# Syscall table generation

archheaders:
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=arch/x86/entry/syscalls all

archprepare:
ifeq ($(CONFIG_KEXEC_FILE),y)
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=arch/x86/purgatory arch/x86/purgatory/kexec-purgatory.c
endif

###
# Kernel objects

head-y := arch/x86/kernel/head_$(BITS).o
head-y += arch/x86/kernel/head$(BITS).o
head-y += arch/x86/kernel/ebda.o
head-y += arch/x86/kernel/platform-quirks.o

libs-y  += arch/x86/lib/

# See arch/x86/Kbuild for content of core part of the kernel
core-y += arch/x86/

# drivers-y are linked after core-y
drivers-$(CONFIG_MATH_EMULATION) += arch/x86/math-emu/
drivers-$(CONFIG_PCI)            += arch/x86/pci/

# must be linked after kernel/
drivers-$(CONFIG_OPROFILE) += arch/x86/oprofile/

# suspend and hibernation support
drivers-$(CONFIG_PM) += arch/x86/power/

drivers-$(CONFIG_FB) += arch/x86/video/

####
# boot loader support. Several targets are kept for legacy purposes

boot := arch/x86/boot

BOOT_TARGETS = bzlilo bzdisk fdimage fdimage144 fdimage288 isoimage

PHONY += bzImage $(BOOT_TARGETS)

# Default kernel to build
all: bzImage

# KBUILD_IMAGE specify target image being built
KBUILD_IMAGE := $(boot)/bzImage

bzImage: vmlinux
ifeq ($(CONFIG_X86_DECODER_SELFTEST),y)
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=arch/x86/tools posttest
endif
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(boot) $(KBUILD_IMAGE)
	$(Q)mkdir -p $(objtree)/arch/$(UTS_MACHINE)/boot
	$(Q)ln -fsn ../../x86/boot/bzImage $(objtree)/arch/$(UTS_MACHINE)/boot/$@

$(BOOT_TARGETS): vmlinux
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(boot) $@

PHONY += install
install:
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(boot) $@

PHONY += vdso_install
vdso_install:
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=arch/x86/entry/vdso $@

archclean:
	$(Q)rm -rf $(objtree)/arch/i386
	$(Q)rm -rf $(objtree)/arch/x86_64
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(clean)=$(boot)
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(clean)=arch/x86/tools
	$(Q)$(MAKE) $(clean)=arch/x86/purgatory

define archhelp
  echo  '* bzImage      - Compressed kernel image (arch/x86/boot/bzImage)'
  echo  '  install      - Install kernel using'
  echo  '                  (your) ~/bin/$(INSTALLKERNEL) or'
  echo  '                  (distribution) /sbin/$(INSTALLKERNEL) or'
  echo  '                  install to $$(INSTALL_PATH) and run lilo'
  echo  '  fdimage      - Create 1.4MB boot floppy image (arch/x86/boot/fdimage)'
  echo  '  fdimage144   - Create 1.4MB boot floppy image (arch/x86/boot/fdimage)'
  echo  '  fdimage288   - Create 2.8MB boot floppy image (arch/x86/boot/fdimage)'
  echo  '  isoimage     - Create a boot CD-ROM image (arch/x86/boot/image.iso)'
  echo  '                  bzdisk/fdimage*/isoimage also accept:'
  echo  '                  FDARGS="..."  arguments for the booted kernel'
  echo  '                  FDINITRD=file initrd for the booted kernel'
endef

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