aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/arch/x86/kernel/reboot_32.c
blob: bb1a0f889c5ebaed7a42864a9a98ea86e9848e52 (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/mc146818rtc.h>
#include <linux/efi.h>
#include <linux/dmi.h>
#include <linux/ctype.h>
#include <linux/pm.h>
#include <linux/reboot.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/apic.h>
#include <asm/hpet.h>
#include <asm/desc.h>
#include "mach_reboot.h"
#include <asm/reboot_fixups.h>
#include <asm/reboot.h>

/*
 * Power off function, if any
 */
void (*pm_power_off)(void);
EXPORT_SYMBOL(pm_power_off);

static int reboot_mode;
static int reboot_thru_bios;

#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
static int reboot_cpu = -1;
#endif
static int __init reboot_setup(char *str)
{
	while(1) {
		switch (*str) {
		case 'w': /* "warm" reboot (no memory testing etc) */
			reboot_mode = 0x1234;
			break;
		case 'c': /* "cold" reboot (with memory testing etc) */
			reboot_mode = 0x0;
			break;
		case 'b': /* "bios" reboot by jumping through the BIOS */
			reboot_thru_bios = 1;
			break;
		case 'h': /* "hard" reboot by toggling RESET and/or crashing the CPU */
			reboot_thru_bios = 0;
			break;
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
		case 's': /* "smp" reboot by executing reset on BSP or other CPU*/
			if (isdigit(*(str+1))) {
				reboot_cpu = (int) (*(str+1) - '0');
				if (isdigit(*(str+2)))
					reboot_cpu = reboot_cpu*10 + (int)(*(str+2) - '0');
			}
				/* we will leave sorting out the final value 
				when we are ready to reboot, since we might not
 				have set up boot_cpu_id or smp_num_cpu */
			break;
#endif
		}
		if((str = strchr(str,',')) != NULL)
			str++;
		else
			break;
	}
	return 1;
}

__setup("reboot=", reboot_setup);

/*
 * Reboot options and system auto-detection code provided by
 * Dell Inc. so their systems "just work". :-)
 */

/*
 * Some machines require the "reboot=b"  commandline option, this quirk makes that automatic.
 */
static int __init set_bios_reboot(const struct dmi_system_id *d)
{
	if (!reboot_thru_bios) {
		reboot_thru_bios = 1;
		printk(KERN_INFO "%s series board detected. Selecting BIOS-method for reboots.\n", d->ident);
	}
	return 0;
}

static struct dmi_system_id __initdata reboot_dmi_table[] = {
	{	/* Handle problems with rebooting on Dell E520's */
		.callback = set_bios_reboot,
		.ident = "Dell E520",
		.matches = {
			DMI_MATCH(DMI_SYS_VENDOR, "Dell Inc."),
			DMI_MATCH(DMI_PRODUCT_NAME, "Dell DM061"),
		},
	},
	{	/* Handle problems with rebooting on Dell 1300's */
		.callback = set_bios_reboot,
		.ident = "Dell PowerEdge 1300",
		.matches = {
			DMI_MATCH(DMI_SYS_VENDOR, "Dell Computer Corporation"),
			DMI_MATCH(DMI_PRODUCT_NAME, "PowerEdge 1300/"),
		},
	},
	{	/* Handle problems with rebooting on Dell 300's */
		.callback = set_bios_reboot,
		.ident = "Dell PowerEdge 300",
		.matches = {
			DMI_MATCH(DMI_SYS_VENDOR, "Dell Computer Corporation"),
			DMI_MATCH(DMI_PRODUCT_NAME, "PowerEdge 300/"),
		},
	},
	{       /* Handle problems with rebooting on Dell Optiplex 745's SFF*/
		.callback = set_bios_reboot,
		.ident = "Dell OptiPlex 745",
		.matches = {
			DMI_MATCH(DMI_SYS_VENDOR, "Dell Inc."),
			DMI_MATCH(DMI_PRODUCT_NAME, "OptiPlex 745"),
			DMI_MATCH(DMI_BOARD_NAME, "0WF810"),
		},
	},
	{	/* Handle problems with rebooting on Dell 2400's */
		.callback = set_bios_reboot,
		.ident = "Dell PowerEdge 2400",
		.matches = {
			DMI_MATCH(DMI_SYS_VENDOR, "Dell Computer Corporation"),
			DMI_MATCH(DMI_PRODUCT_NAME, "PowerEdge 2400"),
		},
	},
	{	/* Handle problems with rebooting on HP laptops */
		.callback = set_bios_reboot,
		.ident = "HP Compaq Laptop",
		.matches = {
			DMI_MATCH(DMI_SYS_VENDOR, "Hewlett-Packard"),
			DMI_MATCH(DMI_PRODUCT_NAME, "HP Compaq"),
		},
	},
	{ }
};

static int __init reboot_init(void)
{
	dmi_check_system(reboot_dmi_table);
	return 0;
}

core_initcall(reboot_init);

/* The following code and data reboots the machine by switching to real
   mode and jumping to the BIOS reset entry point, as if the CPU has
   really been reset.  The previous version asked the keyboard
   controller to pulse the CPU reset line, which is more thorough, but
   doesn't work with at least one type of 486 motherboard.  It is easy
   to stop this code working; hence the copious comments. */

static unsigned long long
real_mode_gdt_entries [3] =
{
	0x0000000000000000ULL,	/* Null descriptor */
	0x00009a000000ffffULL,	/* 16-bit real-mode 64k code at 0x00000000 */
	0x000092000100ffffULL	/* 16-bit real-mode 64k data at 0x00000100 */
};

static struct Xgt_desc_struct
real_mode_gdt = { sizeof (real_mode_gdt_entries) - 1, (long)real_mode_gdt_entries },
real_mode_idt = { 0x3ff, 0 },
no_idt = { 0, 0 };


/* This is 16-bit protected mode code to disable paging and the cache,
   switch to real mode and jump to the BIOS reset code.

   The instruction that switches to real mode by writing to CR0 must be
   followed immediately by a far jump instruction, which set CS to a
   valid value for real mode, and flushes the prefetch queue to avoid
   running instructions that have already been decoded in protected
   mode.

   Clears all the flags except ET, especially PG (paging), PE
   (protected-mode enable) and TS (task switch for coprocessor state
   save).  Flushes the TLB after paging has been disabled.  Sets CD and
   NW, to disable the cache on a 486, and invalidates the cache.  This
   is more like the state of a 486 after reset.  I don't know if
   something else should be done for other chips.

   More could be done here to set up the registers as if a CPU reset had
   occurred; hopefully real BIOSs don't assume much. */

static unsigned char real_mode_switch [] =
{
	0x66, 0x0f, 0x20, 0xc0,			/*    movl  %cr0,%eax        */
	0x66, 0x83, 0xe0, 0x11,			/*    andl  $0x00000011,%eax */
	0x66, 0x0d, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x60,	/*    orl   $0x60000000,%eax */
	0x66, 0x0f, 0x22, 0xc0,			/*    movl  %eax,%cr0        */
	0x66, 0x0f, 0x22, 0xd8,			/*    movl  %eax,%cr3        */
	0x66, 0x0f, 0x20, 0xc3,			/*    movl  %cr0,%ebx        */
	0x66, 0x81, 0xe3, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x60,	/*    andl  $0x60000000,%ebx */
	0x74, 0x02,				/*    jz    f                */
	0x0f, 0x09,				/*    wbinvd                 */
	0x24, 0x10,				/* f: andb  $0x10,al         */
	0x66, 0x0f, 0x22, 0xc0			/*    movl  %eax,%cr0        */
};
static unsigned char jump_to_bios [] =
{
	0xea, 0x00, 0x00, 0xff, 0xff		/*    ljmp  $0xffff,$0x0000  */
};

/*
 * Switch to real mode and then execute the code
 * specified by the code and length parameters.
 * We assume that length will aways be less that 100!
 */
void machine_real_restart(unsigned char *code, int length)
{
	local_irq_disable();

	/* Write zero to CMOS register number 0x0f, which the BIOS POST
	   routine will recognize as telling it to do a proper reboot.  (Well
	   that's what this book in front of me says -- it may only apply to
	   the Phoenix BIOS though, it's not clear).  At the same time,
	   disable NMIs by setting the top bit in the CMOS address register,
	   as we're about to do peculiar things to the CPU.  I'm not sure if
	   `outb_p' is needed instead of just `outb'.  Use it to be on the
	   safe side.  (Yes, CMOS_WRITE does outb_p's. -  Paul G.)
	 */

	spin_lock(&rtc_lock);
	CMOS_WRITE(0x00, 0x8f);
	spin_unlock(&rtc_lock);

	/* Remap the kernel at virtual address zero, as well as offset zero
	   from the kernel segment.  This assumes the kernel segment starts at
	   virtual address PAGE_OFFSET. */

	memcpy (swapper_pg_dir, swapper_pg_dir + USER_PGD_PTRS,
		sizeof (swapper_pg_dir [0]) * KERNEL_PGD_PTRS);

	/*
	 * Use `swapper_pg_dir' as our page directory.
	 */
	load_cr3(swapper_pg_dir);

	/* Write 0x1234 to absolute memory location 0x472.  The BIOS reads
	   this on booting to tell it to "Bypass memory test (also warm
	   boot)".  This seems like a fairly standard thing that gets set by
	   REBOOT.COM programs, and the previous reset routine did this
	   too. */

	*((unsigned short *)0x472) = reboot_mode;

	/* For the switch to real mode, copy some code to low memory.  It has
	   to be in the first 64k because it is running in 16-bit mode, and it
	   has to have the same physical and virtual address, because it turns
	   off paging.  Copy it near the end of the first page, out of the way
	   of BIOS variables. */

	memcpy ((void *) (0x1000 - sizeof (real_mode_switch) - 100),
		real_mode_switch, sizeof (real_mode_switch));
	memcpy ((void *) (0x1000 - 100), code, length);

	/* Set up the IDT for real mode. */

	load_idt(&real_mode_idt);

	/* Set up a GDT from which we can load segment descriptors for real
	   mode.  The GDT is not used in real mode; it is just needed here to
	   prepare the descriptors. */

	load_gdt(&real_mode_gdt);

	/* Load the data segment registers, and thus the descriptors ready for
	   real mode.  The base address of each segment is 0x100, 16 times the
	   selector value being loaded here.  This is so that the segment
	   registers don't have to be reloaded after switching to real mode:
	   the values are consistent for real mode operation already. */

	__asm__ __volatile__ ("movl $0x0010,%%eax\n"
				"\tmovl %%eax,%%ds\n"
				"\tmovl %%eax,%%es\n"
				"\tmovl %%eax,%%fs\n"
				"\tmovl %%eax,%%gs\n"
				"\tmovl %%eax,%%ss" : : : "eax");

	/* Jump to the 16-bit code that we copied earlier.  It disables paging
	   and the cache, switches to real mode, and jumps to the BIOS reset
	   entry point. */

	__asm__ __volatile__ ("ljmp $0x0008,%0"
				:
				: "i" ((void *) (0x1000 - sizeof (real_mode_switch) - 100)));
}
#ifdef CONFIG_APM_MODULE
EXPORT_SYMBOL(machine_real_restart);
#endif

static void native_machine_shutdown(void)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
	int reboot_cpu_id;

	/* The boot cpu is always logical cpu 0 */
	reboot_cpu_id = 0;

	/* See if there has been given a command line override */
	if ((reboot_cpu != -1) && (reboot_cpu < NR_CPUS) &&
		cpu_isset(reboot_cpu, cpu_online_map)) {
		reboot_cpu_id = reboot_cpu;
	}

	/* Make certain the cpu I'm rebooting on is online */
	if (!cpu_isset(reboot_cpu_id, cpu_online_map)) {
		reboot_cpu_id = smp_processor_id();
	}

	/* Make certain I only run on the appropriate processor */
	set_cpus_allowed(current, cpumask_of_cpu(reboot_cpu_id));

	/* O.K. Now that I'm on the appropriate processor, stop
	 * all of the others, and disable their local APICs.
	 */

	smp_send_stop();
#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */

	lapic_shutdown();

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_IO_APIC
	disable_IO_APIC();
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_HPET_TIMER
	hpet_disable();
#endif
}

void __attribute__((weak)) mach_reboot_fixups(void)
{
}

static void native_machine_emergency_restart(void)
{
	if (!reboot_thru_bios) {
		if (efi_enabled) {
			efi.reset_system(EFI_RESET_COLD, EFI_SUCCESS, 0, NULL);
			load_idt(&no_idt);
			__asm__ __volatile__("int3");
		}
		/* rebooting needs to touch the page at absolute addr 0 */
		*((unsigned short *)__va(0x472)) = reboot_mode;
		for (;;) {
			mach_reboot_fixups(); /* for board specific fixups */
			mach_reboot();
			/* That didn't work - force a triple fault.. */
			load_idt(&no_idt);
			__asm__ __volatile__("int3");
		}
	}
	if (efi_enabled)
		efi.reset_system(EFI_RESET_WARM, EFI_SUCCESS, 0, NULL);

	machine_real_restart(jump_to_bios, sizeof(jump_to_bios));
}

static void native_machine_restart(char * __unused)
{
	machine_shutdown();
	machine_emergency_restart();
}

static void native_machine_halt(void)
{
}

static void native_machine_power_off(void)
{
	if (pm_power_off) {
		machine_shutdown();
		pm_power_off();
	}
}


struct machine_ops machine_ops = {
	.power_off = native_machine_power_off,
	.shutdown = native_machine_shutdown,
	.emergency_restart = native_machine_emergency_restart,
	.restart = native_machine_restart,
	.halt = native_machine_halt,
};

void machine_power_off(void)
{
	machine_ops.power_off();
}

void machine_shutdown(void)
{
	machine_ops.shutdown();
}

void machine_emergency_restart(void)
{
	machine_ops.emergency_restart();
}

void machine_restart(char *cmd)
{
	machine_ops.restart(cmd);
}

void machine_halt(void)
{
	machine_ops.halt();
}

Privacy Policy