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/*
 *	Routines to manage notifier chains for passing status changes to any
 *	interested routines. We need this instead of hard coded call lists so
 *	that modules can poke their nose into the innards. The network devices
 *	needed them so here they are for the rest of you.
 *
 *				Alan Cox <Alan.Cox@linux.org>
 */
 
#ifndef _LINUX_NOTIFIER_H
#define _LINUX_NOTIFIER_H
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/rwsem.h>
#include <linux/srcu.h>

/*
 * Notifier chains are of four types:
 *
 *	Atomic notifier chains: Chain callbacks run in interrupt/atomic
 *		context. Callouts are not allowed to block.
 *	Blocking notifier chains: Chain callbacks run in process context.
 *		Callouts are allowed to block.
 *	Raw notifier chains: There are no restrictions on callbacks,
 *		registration, or unregistration.  All locking and protection
 *		must be provided by the caller.
 *	SRCU notifier chains: A variant of blocking notifier chains, with
 *		the same restrictions.
 *
 * atomic_notifier_chain_register() may be called from an atomic context,
 * but blocking_notifier_chain_register() and srcu_notifier_chain_register()
 * must be called from a process context.  Ditto for the corresponding
 * _unregister() routines.
 *
 * atomic_notifier_chain_unregister(), blocking_notifier_chain_unregister(),
 * and srcu_notifier_chain_unregister() _must not_ be called from within
 * the call chain.
 *
 * SRCU notifier chains are an alternative form of blocking notifier chains.
 * They use SRCU (Sleepable Read-Copy Update) instead of rw-semaphores for
 * protection of the chain links.  This means there is _very_ low overhead
 * in srcu_notifier_call_chain(): no cache bounces and no memory barriers.
 * As compensation, srcu_notifier_chain_unregister() is rather expensive.
 * SRCU notifier chains should be used when the chain will be called very
 * often but notifier_blocks will seldom be removed.  Also, SRCU notifier
 * chains are slightly more difficult to use because they require special
 * runtime initialization.
 */

struct notifier_block {
	int (*notifier_call)(struct notifier_block *, unsigned long, void *);
	struct notifier_block *next;
	int priority;
};

struct atomic_notifier_head {
	spinlock_t lock;
	struct notifier_block *head;
};

struct blocking_notifier_head {
	struct rw_semaphore rwsem;
	struct notifier_block *head;
};

struct raw_notifier_head {
	struct notifier_block *head;
};

struct srcu_notifier_head {
	struct mutex mutex;
	struct srcu_struct srcu;
	struct notifier_block *head;
};

#define ATOMIC_INIT_NOTIFIER_HEAD(name) do {	\
		spin_lock_init(&(name)->lock);	\
		(name)->head = NULL;		\
	} while (0)
#define BLOCKING_INIT_NOTIFIER_HEAD(name) do {	\
		init_rwsem(&(name)->rwsem);	\
		(name)->head = NULL;		\
	} while (0)
#define RAW_INIT_NOTIFIER_HEAD(name) do {	\
		(name)->head = NULL;		\
	} while (0)

/* srcu_notifier_heads must be initialized and cleaned up dynamically */
extern void srcu_init_notifier_head(struct srcu_notifier_head *nh);
#define srcu_cleanup_notifier_head(name)	\
		cleanup_srcu_struct(&(name)->srcu);

#define ATOMIC_NOTIFIER_INIT(name) {				\
		.lock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(name.lock),	\
		.head = NULL }
#define BLOCKING_NOTIFIER_INIT(name) {				\
		.rwsem = __RWSEM_INITIALIZER((name).rwsem),	\
		.head = NULL }
#define RAW_NOTIFIER_INIT(name)	{				\
		.head = NULL }
/* srcu_notifier_heads cannot be initialized statically */

#define ATOMIC_NOTIFIER_HEAD(name)				\
	struct atomic_notifier_head name =			\
		ATOMIC_NOTIFIER_INIT(name)
#define BLOCKING_NOTIFIER_HEAD(name)				\
	struct blocking_notifier_head name =			\
		BLOCKING_NOTIFIER_INIT(name)
#define RAW_NOTIFIER_HEAD(name)					\
	struct raw_notifier_head name =				\
		RAW_NOTIFIER_INIT(name)

#ifdef __KERNEL__

extern int atomic_notifier_chain_register(struct atomic_notifier_head *nh,
		struct notifier_block *nb);
extern int blocking_notifier_chain_register(struct blocking_notifier_head *nh,
		struct notifier_block *nb);
extern int raw_notifier_chain_register(struct raw_notifier_head *nh,
		struct notifier_block *nb);
extern int srcu_notifier_chain_register(struct srcu_notifier_head *nh,
		struct notifier_block *nb);

extern int atomic_notifier_chain_unregister(struct atomic_notifier_head *nh,
		struct notifier_block *nb);
extern int blocking_notifier_chain_unregister(struct blocking_notifier_head *nh,
		struct notifier_block *nb);
extern int raw_notifier_chain_unregister(struct raw_notifier_head *nh,
		struct notifier_block *nb);
extern int srcu_notifier_chain_unregister(struct srcu_notifier_head *nh,
		struct notifier_block *nb);

extern int atomic_notifier_call_chain(struct atomic_notifier_head *nh,
		unsigned long val, void *v);
extern int __atomic_notifier_call_chain(struct atomic_notifier_head *nh,
	unsigned long val, void *v, int nr_to_call, int *nr_calls);
extern int blocking_notifier_call_chain(struct blocking_notifier_head *nh,
		unsigned long val, void *v);
extern int __blocking_notifier_call_chain(struct blocking_notifier_head *nh,
	unsigned long val, void *v, int nr_to_call, int *nr_calls);
extern int raw_notifier_call_chain(struct raw_notifier_head *nh,
		unsigned long val, void *v);
extern int __raw_notifier_call_chain(struct raw_notifier_head *nh,
	unsigned long val, void *v, int nr_to_call, int *nr_calls);
extern int srcu_notifier_call_chain(struct srcu_notifier_head *nh,
		unsigned long val, void *v);
extern int __srcu_notifier_call_chain(struct srcu_notifier_head *nh,
	unsigned long val, void *v, int nr_to_call, int *nr_calls);

#define NOTIFY_DONE		0x0000		/* Don't care */
#define NOTIFY_OK		0x0001		/* Suits me */
#define NOTIFY_STOP_MASK	0x8000		/* Don't call further */
#define NOTIFY_BAD		(NOTIFY_STOP_MASK|0x0002)
						/* Bad/Veto action */
/*
 * Clean way to return from the notifier and stop further calls.
 */
#define NOTIFY_STOP		(NOTIFY_OK|NOTIFY_STOP_MASK)

/*
 *	Declared notifiers so far. I can imagine quite a few more chains
 *	over time (eg laptop power reset chains, reboot chain (to clean 
 *	device units up), device [un]mount chain, module load/unload chain,
 *	low memory chain, screenblank chain (for plug in modular screenblankers) 
 *	VC switch chains (for loadable kernel svgalib VC switch helpers) etc...
 */
 
/* netdevice notifier chain */
#define NETDEV_UP	0x0001	/* For now you can't veto a device up/down */
#define NETDEV_DOWN	0x0002
#define NETDEV_REBOOT	0x0003	/* Tell a protocol stack a network interface
				   detected a hardware crash and restarted
				   - we can use this eg to kick tcp sessions
				   once done */
#define NETDEV_CHANGE	0x0004	/* Notify device state change */
#define NETDEV_REGISTER 0x0005
#define NETDEV_UNREGISTER	0x0006
#define NETDEV_CHANGEMTU	0x0007
#define NETDEV_CHANGEADDR	0x0008
#define NETDEV_GOING_DOWN	0x0009
#define NETDEV_CHANGENAME	0x000A
#define NETDEV_FEAT_CHANGE	0x000B

#define SYS_DOWN	0x0001	/* Notify of system down */
#define SYS_RESTART	SYS_DOWN
#define SYS_HALT	0x0002	/* Notify of system halt */
#define SYS_POWER_OFF	0x0003	/* Notify of system power off */

#define NETLINK_URELEASE	0x0001	/* Unicast netlink socket released */

#define CPU_ONLINE		0x0002 /* CPU (unsigned)v is up */
#define CPU_UP_PREPARE		0x0003 /* CPU (unsigned)v coming up */
#define CPU_UP_CANCELED		0x0004 /* CPU (unsigned)v NOT coming up */
#define CPU_DOWN_PREPARE	0x0005 /* CPU (unsigned)v going down */
#define CPU_DOWN_FAILED		0x0006 /* CPU (unsigned)v NOT going down */
#define CPU_DEAD		0x0007 /* CPU (unsigned)v dead */

#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
#endif /* _LINUX_NOTIFIER_H */

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