aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/kernel/softirq.c
blob: 31e9f2a4792847388b524d313bc389bd8cd4cf20 (plain)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
/*
 *	linux/kernel/softirq.c
 *
 *	Copyright (C) 1992 Linus Torvalds
 *
 *	Distribute under GPLv2.
 *
 *	Rewritten. Old one was good in 2.2, but in 2.3 it was immoral. --ANK (990903)
 */

#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kernel_stat.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/tick.h>

#include <asm/irq.h>
/*
   - No shared variables, all the data are CPU local.
   - If a softirq needs serialization, let it serialize itself
     by its own spinlocks.
   - Even if softirq is serialized, only local cpu is marked for
     execution. Hence, we get something sort of weak cpu binding.
     Though it is still not clear, will it result in better locality
     or will not.

   Examples:
   - NET RX softirq. It is multithreaded and does not require
     any global serialization.
   - NET TX softirq. It kicks software netdevice queues, hence
     it is logically serialized per device, but this serialization
     is invisible to common code.
   - Tasklets: serialized wrt itself.
 */

#ifndef __ARCH_IRQ_STAT
irq_cpustat_t irq_stat[NR_CPUS] ____cacheline_aligned;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(irq_stat);
#endif

static struct softirq_action softirq_vec[32] __cacheline_aligned_in_smp;

static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct task_struct *, ksoftirqd);

/*
 * we cannot loop indefinitely here to avoid userspace starvation,
 * but we also don't want to introduce a worst case 1/HZ latency
 * to the pending events, so lets the scheduler to balance
 * the softirq load for us.
 */
static inline void wakeup_softirqd(void)
{
	/* Interrupts are disabled: no need to stop preemption */
	struct task_struct *tsk = __get_cpu_var(ksoftirqd);

	if (tsk && tsk->state != TASK_RUNNING)
		wake_up_process(tsk);
}

/*
 * This one is for softirq.c-internal use,
 * where hardirqs are disabled legitimately:
 */
#ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS
static void __local_bh_disable(unsigned long ip)
{
	unsigned long flags;

	WARN_ON_ONCE(in_irq());

	raw_local_irq_save(flags);
	add_preempt_count(SOFTIRQ_OFFSET);
	/*
	 * Were softirqs turned off above:
	 */
	if (softirq_count() == SOFTIRQ_OFFSET)
		trace_softirqs_off(ip);
	raw_local_irq_restore(flags);
}
#else /* !CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS */
static inline void __local_bh_disable(unsigned long ip)
{
	add_preempt_count(SOFTIRQ_OFFSET);
	barrier();
}
#endif /* CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS */

void local_bh_disable(void)
{
	__local_bh_disable((unsigned long)__builtin_return_address(0));
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(local_bh_disable);

void __local_bh_enable(void)
{
	WARN_ON_ONCE(in_irq());

	/*
	 * softirqs should never be enabled by __local_bh_enable(),
	 * it always nests inside local_bh_enable() sections:
	 */
	WARN_ON_ONCE(softirq_count() == SOFTIRQ_OFFSET);

	sub_preempt_count(SOFTIRQ_OFFSET);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__local_bh_enable);

/*
 * Special-case - softirqs can safely be enabled in
 * cond_resched_softirq(), or by __do_softirq(),
 * without processing still-pending softirqs:
 */
void _local_bh_enable(void)
{
	WARN_ON_ONCE(in_irq());
	WARN_ON_ONCE(!irqs_disabled());

	if (softirq_count() == SOFTIRQ_OFFSET)
		trace_softirqs_on((unsigned long)__builtin_return_address(0));
	sub_preempt_count(SOFTIRQ_OFFSET);
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(_local_bh_enable);

void local_bh_enable(void)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS
	unsigned long flags;

	WARN_ON_ONCE(in_irq());
#endif
	WARN_ON_ONCE(irqs_disabled());

#ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS
	local_irq_save(flags);
#endif
	/*
	 * Are softirqs going to be turned on now:
	 */
	if (softirq_count() == SOFTIRQ_OFFSET)
		trace_softirqs_on((unsigned long)__builtin_return_address(0));
	/*
	 * Keep preemption disabled until we are done with
	 * softirq processing:
 	 */
 	sub_preempt_count(SOFTIRQ_OFFSET - 1);

	if (unlikely(!in_interrupt() && local_softirq_pending()))
		do_softirq();

	dec_preempt_count();
#ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS
	local_irq_restore(flags);
#endif
	preempt_check_resched();
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(local_bh_enable);

void local_bh_enable_ip(unsigned long ip)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS
	unsigned long flags;

	WARN_ON_ONCE(in_irq());

	local_irq_save(flags);
#endif
	/*
	 * Are softirqs going to be turned on now:
	 */
	if (softirq_count() == SOFTIRQ_OFFSET)
		trace_softirqs_on(ip);
	/*
	 * Keep preemption disabled until we are done with
	 * softirq processing:
 	 */
 	sub_preempt_count(SOFTIRQ_OFFSET - 1);

	if (unlikely(!in_interrupt() && local_softirq_pending()))
		do_softirq();

	dec_preempt_count();
#ifdef CONFIG_TRACE_IRQFLAGS
	local_irq_restore(flags);
#endif
	preempt_check_resched();
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(local_bh_enable_ip);

/*
 * We restart softirq processing MAX_SOFTIRQ_RESTART times,
 * and we fall back to softirqd after that.
 *
 * This number has been established via experimentation.
 * The two things to balance is latency against fairness -
 * we want to handle softirqs as soon as possible, but they
 * should not be able to lock up the box.
 */
#define MAX_SOFTIRQ_RESTART 10

asmlinkage void __do_softirq(void)
{
	struct softirq_action *h;
	__u32 pending;
	int max_restart = MAX_SOFTIRQ_RESTART;
	int cpu;

	pending = local_softirq_pending();
	account_system_vtime(current);

	__local_bh_disable((unsigned long)__builtin_return_address(0));
	trace_softirq_enter();

	cpu = smp_processor_id();
restart:
	/* Reset the pending bitmask before enabling irqs */
	set_softirq_pending(0);

	local_irq_enable();

	h = softirq_vec;

	do {
		if (pending & 1) {
			h->action(h);
			rcu_bh_qsctr_inc(cpu);
		}
		h++;
		pending >>= 1;
	} while (pending);

	local_irq_disable();

	pending = local_softirq_pending();
	if (pending && --max_restart)
		goto restart;

	if (pending)
		wakeup_softirqd();

	trace_softirq_exit();

	account_system_vtime(current);
	_local_bh_enable();
}

#ifndef __ARCH_HAS_DO_SOFTIRQ

asmlinkage void do_softirq(void)
{
	__u32 pending;
	unsigned long flags;

	if (in_interrupt())
		return;

	local_irq_save(flags);

	pending = local_softirq_pending();

	if (pending)
		__do_softirq();

	local_irq_restore(flags);
}

#endif

/*
 * Enter an interrupt context.
 */
void irq_enter(void)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ
	int cpu = smp_processor_id();
	if (idle_cpu(cpu) && !in_interrupt())
		tick_nohz_stop_idle(cpu);
#endif
	__irq_enter();
#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ
	if (idle_cpu(cpu))
		tick_nohz_update_jiffies();
#endif
}

#ifdef __ARCH_IRQ_EXIT_IRQS_DISABLED
# define invoke_softirq()	__do_softirq()
#else
# define invoke_softirq()	do_softirq()
#endif

/*
 * Exit an interrupt context. Process softirqs if needed and possible:
 */
void irq_exit(void)
{
	account_system_vtime(current);
	trace_hardirq_exit();
	sub_preempt_count(IRQ_EXIT_OFFSET);
	if (!in_interrupt() && local_softirq_pending())
		invoke_softirq();

#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ
	/* Make sure that timer wheel updates are propagated */
	if (!in_interrupt() && idle_cpu(smp_processor_id()) && !need_resched())
		tick_nohz_stop_sched_tick();
	rcu_irq_exit();
#endif
	preempt_enable_no_resched();
}

/*
 * This function must run with irqs disabled!
 */
inline void raise_softirq_irqoff(unsigned int nr)
{
	__raise_softirq_irqoff(nr);

	/*
	 * If we're in an interrupt or softirq, we're done
	 * (this also catches softirq-disabled code). We will
	 * actually run the softirq once we return from
	 * the irq or softirq.
	 *
	 * Otherwise we wake up ksoftirqd to make sure we
	 * schedule the softirq soon.
	 */
	if (!in_interrupt())
		wakeup_softirqd();
}

void raise_softirq(unsigned int nr)
{
	unsigned long flags;

	local_irq_save(flags);
	raise_softirq_irqoff(nr);
	local_irq_restore(flags);
}

void open_softirq(int nr, void (*action)(struct softirq_action*), void *data)
{
	softirq_vec[nr].data = data;
	softirq_vec[nr].action = action;
}

/* Tasklets */
struct tasklet_head
{
	struct tasklet_struct *list;
};

/* Some compilers disobey section attribute on statics when not
   initialized -- RR */
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct tasklet_head, tasklet_vec) = { NULL };
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct tasklet_head, tasklet_hi_vec) = { NULL };

void __tasklet_schedule(struct tasklet_struct *t)
{
	unsigned long flags;

	local_irq_save(flags);
	t->next = __get_cpu_var(tasklet_vec).list;
	__get_cpu_var(tasklet_vec).list = t;
	raise_softirq_irqoff(TASKLET_SOFTIRQ);
	local_irq_restore(flags);
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(__tasklet_schedule);

void __tasklet_hi_schedule(struct tasklet_struct *t)
{
	unsigned long flags;

	local_irq_save(flags);
	t->next = __get_cpu_var(tasklet_hi_vec).list;
	__get_cpu_var(tasklet_hi_vec).list = t;
	raise_softirq_irqoff(HI_SOFTIRQ);
	local_irq_restore(flags);
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(__tasklet_hi_schedule);

static void tasklet_action(struct softirq_action *a)
{
	struct tasklet_struct *list;

	local_irq_disable();
	list = __get_cpu_var(tasklet_vec).list;
	__get_cpu_var(tasklet_vec).list = NULL;
	local_irq_enable();

	while (list) {
		struct tasklet_struct *t = list;

		list = list->next;

		if (tasklet_trylock(t)) {
			if (!atomic_read(&t->count)) {
				if (!test_and_clear_bit(TASKLET_STATE_SCHED, &t->state))
					BUG();
				t->func(t->data);
				tasklet_unlock(t);
				continue;
			}
			tasklet_unlock(t);
		}

		local_irq_disable();
		t->next = __get_cpu_var(tasklet_vec).list;
		__get_cpu_var(tasklet_vec).list = t;
		__raise_softirq_irqoff(TASKLET_SOFTIRQ);
		local_irq_enable();
	}
}

static void tasklet_hi_action(struct softirq_action *a)
{
	struct tasklet_struct *list;

	local_irq_disable();
	list = __get_cpu_var(tasklet_hi_vec).list;
	__get_cpu_var(tasklet_hi_vec).list = NULL;
	local_irq_enable();

	while (list) {
		struct tasklet_struct *t = list;

		list = list->next;

		if (tasklet_trylock(t)) {
			if (!atomic_read(&t->count)) {
				if (!test_and_clear_bit(TASKLET_STATE_SCHED, &t->state))
					BUG();
				t->func(t->data);
				tasklet_unlock(t);
				continue;
			}
			tasklet_unlock(t);
		}

		local_irq_disable();
		t->next = __get_cpu_var(tasklet_hi_vec).list;
		__get_cpu_var(tasklet_hi_vec).list = t;
		__raise_softirq_irqoff(HI_SOFTIRQ);
		local_irq_enable();
	}
}


void tasklet_init(struct tasklet_struct *t,
		  void (*func)(unsigned long), unsigned long data)
{
	t->next = NULL;
	t->state = 0;
	atomic_set(&t->count, 0);
	t->func = func;
	t->data = data;
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(tasklet_init);

void tasklet_kill(struct tasklet_struct *t)
{
	if (in_interrupt())
		printk("Attempt to kill tasklet from interrupt\n");

	while (test_and_set_bit(TASKLET_STATE_SCHED, &t->state)) {
		do
			yield();
		while (test_bit(TASKLET_STATE_SCHED, &t->state));
	}
	tasklet_unlock_wait(t);
	clear_bit(TASKLET_STATE_SCHED, &t->state);
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(tasklet_kill);

void __init softirq_init(void)
{
	open_softirq(TASKLET_SOFTIRQ, tasklet_action, NULL);
	open_softirq(HI_SOFTIRQ, tasklet_hi_action, NULL);
}

static int ksoftirqd(void * __bind_cpu)
{
	set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);

	while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
		preempt_disable();
		if (!local_softirq_pending()) {
			preempt_enable_no_resched();
			schedule();
			preempt_disable();
		}

		__set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);

		while (local_softirq_pending()) {
			/* Preempt disable stops cpu going offline.
			   If already offline, we'll be on wrong CPU:
			   don't process */
			if (cpu_is_offline((long)__bind_cpu))
				goto wait_to_die;
			do_softirq();
			preempt_enable_no_resched();
			cond_resched();
			preempt_disable();
		}
		preempt_enable();
		set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
	}
	__set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
	return 0;

wait_to_die:
	preempt_enable();
	/* Wait for kthread_stop */
	set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
	while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
		schedule();
		set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
	}
	__set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
	return 0;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU
/*
 * tasklet_kill_immediate is called to remove a tasklet which can already be
 * scheduled for execution on @cpu.
 *
 * Unlike tasklet_kill, this function removes the tasklet
 * _immediately_, even if the tasklet is in TASKLET_STATE_SCHED state.
 *
 * When this function is called, @cpu must be in the CPU_DEAD state.
 */
void tasklet_kill_immediate(struct tasklet_struct *t, unsigned int cpu)
{
	struct tasklet_struct **i;

	BUG_ON(cpu_online(cpu));
	BUG_ON(test_bit(TASKLET_STATE_RUN, &t->state));

	if (!test_bit(TASKLET_STATE_SCHED, &t->state))
		return;

	/* CPU is dead, so no lock needed. */
	for (i = &per_cpu(tasklet_vec, cpu).list; *i; i = &(*i)->next) {
		if (*i == t) {
			*i = t->next;
			return;
		}
	}
	BUG();
}

static void takeover_tasklets(unsigned int cpu)
{
	struct tasklet_struct **i;

	/* CPU is dead, so no lock needed. */
	local_irq_disable();

	/* Find end, append list for that CPU. */
	for (i = &__get_cpu_var(tasklet_vec).list; *i; i = &(*i)->next);
	*i = per_cpu(tasklet_vec, cpu).list;
	per_cpu(tasklet_vec, cpu).list = NULL;
	raise_softirq_irqoff(TASKLET_SOFTIRQ);

	for (i = &__get_cpu_var(tasklet_hi_vec).list; *i; i = &(*i)->next);
	*i = per_cpu(tasklet_hi_vec, cpu).list;
	per_cpu(tasklet_hi_vec, cpu).list = NULL;
	raise_softirq_irqoff(HI_SOFTIRQ);

	local_irq_enable();
}
#endif /* CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU */

static int __cpuinit cpu_callback(struct notifier_block *nfb,
				  unsigned long action,
				  void *hcpu)
{
	int hotcpu = (unsigned long)hcpu;
	struct task_struct *p;

	switch (action) {
	case CPU_UP_PREPARE:
	case CPU_UP_PREPARE_FROZEN:
		p = kthread_create(ksoftirqd, hcpu, "ksoftirqd/%d", hotcpu);
		if (IS_ERR(p)) {
			printk("ksoftirqd for %i failed\n", hotcpu);
			return NOTIFY_BAD;
		}
		kthread_bind(p, hotcpu);
  		per_cpu(ksoftirqd, hotcpu) = p;
 		break;
	case CPU_ONLINE:
	case CPU_ONLINE_FROZEN:
		wake_up_process(per_cpu(ksoftirqd, hotcpu));
		break;
#ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU
	case CPU_UP_CANCELED:
	case CPU_UP_CANCELED_FROZEN:
		if (!per_cpu(ksoftirqd, hotcpu))
			break;
		/* Unbind so it can run.  Fall thru. */
		kthread_bind(per_cpu(ksoftirqd, hotcpu),
			     any_online_cpu(cpu_online_map));
	case CPU_DEAD:
	case CPU_DEAD_FROZEN: {
		struct sched_param param = { .sched_priority = MAX_RT_PRIO-1 };

		p = per_cpu(ksoftirqd, hotcpu);
		per_cpu(ksoftirqd, hotcpu) = NULL;
		sched_setscheduler(p, SCHED_FIFO, &param);
		kthread_stop(p);
		takeover_tasklets(hotcpu);
		break;
	}
#endif /* CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU */
 	}
	return NOTIFY_OK;
}

static struct notifier_block __cpuinitdata cpu_nfb = {
	.notifier_call = cpu_callback
};

__init int spawn_ksoftirqd(void)
{
	void *cpu = (void *)(long)smp_processor_id();
	int err = cpu_callback(&cpu_nfb, CPU_UP_PREPARE, cpu);

	BUG_ON(err == NOTIFY_BAD);
	cpu_callback(&cpu_nfb, CPU_ONLINE, cpu);
	register_cpu_notifier(&cpu_nfb);
	return 0;
}

#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/*
 * Call a function on all processors
 */
int on_each_cpu(void (*func) (void *info), void *info, int retry, int wait)
{
	int ret = 0;

	preempt_disable();
	ret = smp_call_function(func, info, retry, wait);
	local_irq_disable();
	func(info);
	local_irq_enable();
	preempt_enable();
	return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(on_each_cpu);
#endif

Privacy Policy