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/* SCTP kernel implementation
 * (C) Copyright IBM Corp. 2001, 2004
 * Copyright (c) 1999-2000 Cisco, Inc.
 * Copyright (c) 1999-2001 Motorola, Inc.
 * Copyright (c) 2001-2002 Intel Corp.
 *
 * This file is part of the SCTP kernel implementation
 *
 * These functions work with the state functions in sctp_sm_statefuns.c
 * to implement the state operations.  These functions implement the
 * steps which require modifying existing data structures.
 *
 * This SCTP implementation is free software;
 * you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of
 * the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
 * any later version.
 *
 * This SCTP implementation is distributed in the hope that it
 * will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied
 *                 ************************
 * warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
 * See the GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with GNU CC; see the file COPYING.  If not, see
 * <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
 *
 * Please send any bug reports or fixes you make to the
 * email address(es):
 *    lksctp developers <linux-sctp@vger.kernel.org>
 *
 * Written or modified by:
 *    La Monte H.P. Yarroll <piggy@acm.org>
 *    Karl Knutson          <karl@athena.chicago.il.us>
 *    C. Robin              <chris@hundredacre.ac.uk>
 *    Jon Grimm             <jgrimm@us.ibm.com>
 *    Xingang Guo           <xingang.guo@intel.com>
 *    Dajiang Zhang	    <dajiang.zhang@nokia.com>
 *    Sridhar Samudrala	    <sri@us.ibm.com>
 *    Daisy Chang	    <daisyc@us.ibm.com>
 *    Ardelle Fan	    <ardelle.fan@intel.com>
 *    Kevin Gao             <kevin.gao@intel.com>
 */

#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt

#include <crypto/hash.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/ip.h>
#include <linux/ipv6.h>
#include <linux/net.h>
#include <linux/inet.h>
#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <net/sock.h>

#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <linux/random.h>	/* for get_random_bytes */
#include <net/sctp/sctp.h>
#include <net/sctp/sm.h>

static struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_control(const struct sctp_association *asoc,
					    __u8 type, __u8 flags, int paylen,
					    gfp_t gfp);
static struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_data(const struct sctp_association *asoc,
					 __u8 flags, int paylen, gfp_t gfp);
static struct sctp_chunk *_sctp_make_chunk(const struct sctp_association *asoc,
					   __u8 type, __u8 flags, int paylen,
					   gfp_t gfp);
static sctp_cookie_param_t *sctp_pack_cookie(const struct sctp_endpoint *ep,
					const struct sctp_association *asoc,
					const struct sctp_chunk *init_chunk,
					int *cookie_len,
					const __u8 *raw_addrs, int addrs_len);
static int sctp_process_param(struct sctp_association *asoc,
			      union sctp_params param,
			      const union sctp_addr *peer_addr,
			      gfp_t gfp);
static void *sctp_addto_param(struct sctp_chunk *chunk, int len,
			      const void *data);
static void  *sctp_addto_chunk_fixed(struct sctp_chunk *, int len,
				     const void *data);

/* Control chunk destructor */
static void sctp_control_release_owner(struct sk_buff *skb)
{
	/*TODO: do memory release */
}

static void sctp_control_set_owner_w(struct sctp_chunk *chunk)
{
	struct sctp_association *asoc = chunk->asoc;
	struct sk_buff *skb = chunk->skb;

	/* TODO: properly account for control chunks.
	 * To do it right we'll need:
	 *  1) endpoint if association isn't known.
	 *  2) proper memory accounting.
	 *
	 *  For now don't do anything for now.
	 */
	skb->sk = asoc ? asoc->base.sk : NULL;
	skb->destructor = sctp_control_release_owner;
}

/* What was the inbound interface for this chunk? */
int sctp_chunk_iif(const struct sctp_chunk *chunk)
{
	struct sk_buff *skb = chunk->skb;

	return SCTP_INPUT_CB(skb)->af->skb_iif(skb);
}

/* RFC 2960 3.3.2 Initiation (INIT) (1)
 *
 * Note 2: The ECN capable field is reserved for future use of
 * Explicit Congestion Notification.
 */
static const struct sctp_paramhdr ecap_param = {
	SCTP_PARAM_ECN_CAPABLE,
	cpu_to_be16(sizeof(struct sctp_paramhdr)),
};
static const struct sctp_paramhdr prsctp_param = {
	SCTP_PARAM_FWD_TSN_SUPPORT,
	cpu_to_be16(sizeof(struct sctp_paramhdr)),
};

/* A helper to initialize an op error inside a
 * provided chunk, as most cause codes will be embedded inside an
 * abort chunk.
 */
void  sctp_init_cause(struct sctp_chunk *chunk, __be16 cause_code,
		      size_t paylen)
{
	sctp_errhdr_t err;
	__u16 len;

	/* Cause code constants are now defined in network order.  */
	err.cause = cause_code;
	len = sizeof(sctp_errhdr_t) + paylen;
	err.length  = htons(len);
	chunk->subh.err_hdr = sctp_addto_chunk(chunk, sizeof(sctp_errhdr_t), &err);
}

/* A helper to initialize an op error inside a
 * provided chunk, as most cause codes will be embedded inside an
 * abort chunk.  Differs from sctp_init_cause in that it won't oops
 * if there isn't enough space in the op error chunk
 */
static int sctp_init_cause_fixed(struct sctp_chunk *chunk, __be16 cause_code,
		      size_t paylen)
{
	sctp_errhdr_t err;
	__u16 len;

	/* Cause code constants are now defined in network order.  */
	err.cause = cause_code;
	len = sizeof(sctp_errhdr_t) + paylen;
	err.length  = htons(len);

	if (skb_tailroom(chunk->skb) < len)
		return -ENOSPC;
	chunk->subh.err_hdr = sctp_addto_chunk_fixed(chunk,
						     sizeof(sctp_errhdr_t),
						     &err);
	return 0;
}
/* 3.3.2 Initiation (INIT) (1)
 *
 * This chunk is used to initiate a SCTP association between two
 * endpoints. The format of the INIT chunk is shown below:
 *
 *     0                   1                   2                   3
 *     0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
 *    +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *    |   Type = 1    |  Chunk Flags  |      Chunk Length             |
 *    +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *    |                         Initiate Tag                          |
 *    +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *    |           Advertised Receiver Window Credit (a_rwnd)          |
 *    +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *    |  Number of Outbound Streams   |  Number of Inbound Streams    |
 *    +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *    |                          Initial TSN                          |
 *    +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *    \                                                               \
 *    /              Optional/Variable-Length Parameters              /
 *    \                                                               \
 *    +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *
 *
 * The INIT chunk contains the following parameters. Unless otherwise
 * noted, each parameter MUST only be included once in the INIT chunk.
 *
 * Fixed Parameters                     Status
 * ----------------------------------------------
 * Initiate Tag                        Mandatory
 * Advertised Receiver Window Credit   Mandatory
 * Number of Outbound Streams          Mandatory
 * Number of Inbound Streams           Mandatory
 * Initial TSN                         Mandatory
 *
 * Variable Parameters                  Status     Type Value
 * -------------------------------------------------------------
 * IPv4 Address (Note 1)               Optional    5
 * IPv6 Address (Note 1)               Optional    6
 * Cookie Preservative                 Optional    9
 * Reserved for ECN Capable (Note 2)   Optional    32768 (0x8000)
 * Host Name Address (Note 3)          Optional    11
 * Supported Address Types (Note 4)    Optional    12
 */
struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_init(const struct sctp_association *asoc,
			     const struct sctp_bind_addr *bp,
			     gfp_t gfp, int vparam_len)
{
	struct net *net = sock_net(asoc->base.sk);
	struct sctp_endpoint *ep = asoc->ep;
	sctp_inithdr_t init;
	union sctp_params addrs;
	size_t chunksize;
	struct sctp_chunk *retval = NULL;
	int num_types, addrs_len = 0;
	struct sctp_sock *sp;
	sctp_supported_addrs_param_t sat;
	__be16 types[2];
	sctp_adaptation_ind_param_t aiparam;
	sctp_supported_ext_param_t ext_param;
	int num_ext = 0;
	__u8 extensions[3];
	sctp_paramhdr_t *auth_chunks = NULL,
			*auth_hmacs = NULL;

	/* RFC 2960 3.3.2 Initiation (INIT) (1)
	 *
	 * Note 1: The INIT chunks can contain multiple addresses that
	 * can be IPv4 and/or IPv6 in any combination.
	 */
	retval = NULL;

	/* Convert the provided bind address list to raw format. */
	addrs = sctp_bind_addrs_to_raw(bp, &addrs_len, gfp);

	init.init_tag		   = htonl(asoc->c.my_vtag);
	init.a_rwnd		   = htonl(asoc->rwnd);
	init.num_outbound_streams  = htons(asoc->c.sinit_num_ostreams);
	init.num_inbound_streams   = htons(asoc->c.sinit_max_instreams);
	init.initial_tsn	   = htonl(asoc->c.initial_tsn);

	/* How many address types are needed? */
	sp = sctp_sk(asoc->base.sk);
	num_types = sp->pf->supported_addrs(sp, types);

	chunksize = sizeof(init) + addrs_len;
	chunksize += WORD_ROUND(SCTP_SAT_LEN(num_types));
	chunksize += sizeof(ecap_param);

	if (asoc->prsctp_enable)
		chunksize += sizeof(prsctp_param);

	/* ADDIP: Section 4.2.7:
	 *  An implementation supporting this extension [ADDIP] MUST list
	 *  the ASCONF,the ASCONF-ACK, and the AUTH  chunks in its INIT and
	 *  INIT-ACK parameters.
	 */
	if (net->sctp.addip_enable) {
		extensions[num_ext] = SCTP_CID_ASCONF;
		extensions[num_ext+1] = SCTP_CID_ASCONF_ACK;
		num_ext += 2;
	}

	if (sp->adaptation_ind)
		chunksize += sizeof(aiparam);

	chunksize += vparam_len;

	/* Account for AUTH related parameters */
	if (ep->auth_enable) {
		/* Add random parameter length*/
		chunksize += sizeof(asoc->c.auth_random);

		/* Add HMACS parameter length if any were defined */
		auth_hmacs = (sctp_paramhdr_t *)asoc->c.auth_hmacs;
		if (auth_hmacs->length)
			chunksize += WORD_ROUND(ntohs(auth_hmacs->length));
		else
			auth_hmacs = NULL;

		/* Add CHUNKS parameter length */
		auth_chunks = (sctp_paramhdr_t *)asoc->c.auth_chunks;
		if (auth_chunks->length)
			chunksize += WORD_ROUND(ntohs(auth_chunks->length));
		else
			auth_chunks = NULL;

		extensions[num_ext] = SCTP_CID_AUTH;
		num_ext += 1;
	}

	/* If we have any extensions to report, account for that */
	if (num_ext)
		chunksize += WORD_ROUND(sizeof(sctp_supported_ext_param_t) +
					num_ext);

	/* RFC 2960 3.3.2 Initiation (INIT) (1)
	 *
	 * Note 3: An INIT chunk MUST NOT contain more than one Host
	 * Name address parameter. Moreover, the sender of the INIT
	 * MUST NOT combine any other address types with the Host Name
	 * address in the INIT. The receiver of INIT MUST ignore any
	 * other address types if the Host Name address parameter is
	 * present in the received INIT chunk.
	 *
	 * PLEASE DO NOT FIXME [This version does not support Host Name.]
	 */

	retval = sctp_make_control(asoc, SCTP_CID_INIT, 0, chunksize, gfp);
	if (!retval)
		goto nodata;

	retval->subh.init_hdr =
		sctp_addto_chunk(retval, sizeof(init), &init);
	retval->param_hdr.v =
		sctp_addto_chunk(retval, addrs_len, addrs.v);

	/* RFC 2960 3.3.2 Initiation (INIT) (1)
	 *
	 * Note 4: This parameter, when present, specifies all the
	 * address types the sending endpoint can support. The absence
	 * of this parameter indicates that the sending endpoint can
	 * support any address type.
	 */
	sat.param_hdr.type = SCTP_PARAM_SUPPORTED_ADDRESS_TYPES;
	sat.param_hdr.length = htons(SCTP_SAT_LEN(num_types));
	sctp_addto_chunk(retval, sizeof(sat), &sat);
	sctp_addto_chunk(retval, num_types * sizeof(__u16), &types);

	sctp_addto_chunk(retval, sizeof(ecap_param), &ecap_param);

	/* Add the supported extensions parameter.  Be nice and add this
	 * fist before addiding the parameters for the extensions themselves
	 */
	if (num_ext) {
		ext_param.param_hdr.type = SCTP_PARAM_SUPPORTED_EXT;
		ext_param.param_hdr.length =
			    htons(sizeof(sctp_supported_ext_param_t) + num_ext);
		sctp_addto_chunk(retval, sizeof(sctp_supported_ext_param_t),
				&ext_param);
		sctp_addto_param(retval, num_ext, extensions);
	}

	if (asoc->prsctp_enable)
		sctp_addto_chunk(retval, sizeof(prsctp_param), &prsctp_param);

	if (sp->adaptation_ind) {
		aiparam.param_hdr.type = SCTP_PARAM_ADAPTATION_LAYER_IND;
		aiparam.param_hdr.length = htons(sizeof(aiparam));
		aiparam.adaptation_ind = htonl(sp->adaptation_ind);
		sctp_addto_chunk(retval, sizeof(aiparam), &aiparam);
	}

	/* Add SCTP-AUTH chunks to the parameter list */
	if (ep->auth_enable) {
		sctp_addto_chunk(retval, sizeof(asoc->c.auth_random),
				 asoc->c.auth_random);
		if (auth_hmacs)
			sctp_addto_chunk(retval, ntohs(auth_hmacs->length),
					auth_hmacs);
		if (auth_chunks)
			sctp_addto_chunk(retval, ntohs(auth_chunks->length),
					auth_chunks);
	}
nodata:
	kfree(addrs.v);
	return retval;
}

struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_init_ack(const struct sctp_association *asoc,
				 const struct sctp_chunk *chunk,
				 gfp_t gfp, int unkparam_len)
{
	sctp_inithdr_t initack;
	struct sctp_chunk *retval;
	union sctp_params addrs;
	struct sctp_sock *sp;
	int addrs_len;
	sctp_cookie_param_t *cookie;
	int cookie_len;
	size_t chunksize;
	sctp_adaptation_ind_param_t aiparam;
	sctp_supported_ext_param_t ext_param;
	int num_ext = 0;
	__u8 extensions[3];
	sctp_paramhdr_t *auth_chunks = NULL,
			*auth_hmacs = NULL,
			*auth_random = NULL;

	retval = NULL;

	/* Note: there may be no addresses to embed. */
	addrs = sctp_bind_addrs_to_raw(&asoc->base.bind_addr, &addrs_len, gfp);

	initack.init_tag	        = htonl(asoc->c.my_vtag);
	initack.a_rwnd			= htonl(asoc->rwnd);
	initack.num_outbound_streams	= htons(asoc->c.sinit_num_ostreams);
	initack.num_inbound_streams	= htons(asoc->c.sinit_max_instreams);
	initack.initial_tsn		= htonl(asoc->c.initial_tsn);

	/* FIXME:  We really ought to build the cookie right
	 * into the packet instead of allocating more fresh memory.
	 */
	cookie = sctp_pack_cookie(asoc->ep, asoc, chunk, &cookie_len,
				  addrs.v, addrs_len);
	if (!cookie)
		goto nomem_cookie;

	/* Calculate the total size of allocation, include the reserved
	 * space for reporting unknown parameters if it is specified.
	 */
	sp = sctp_sk(asoc->base.sk);
	chunksize = sizeof(initack) + addrs_len + cookie_len + unkparam_len;

	/* Tell peer that we'll do ECN only if peer advertised such cap.  */
	if (asoc->peer.ecn_capable)
		chunksize += sizeof(ecap_param);

	if (asoc->peer.prsctp_capable)
		chunksize += sizeof(prsctp_param);

	if (asoc->peer.asconf_capable) {
		extensions[num_ext] = SCTP_CID_ASCONF;
		extensions[num_ext+1] = SCTP_CID_ASCONF_ACK;
		num_ext += 2;
	}

	if (sp->adaptation_ind)
		chunksize += sizeof(aiparam);

	if (asoc->peer.auth_capable) {
		auth_random = (sctp_paramhdr_t *)asoc->c.auth_random;
		chunksize += ntohs(auth_random->length);

		auth_hmacs = (sctp_paramhdr_t *)asoc->c.auth_hmacs;
		if (auth_hmacs->length)
			chunksize += WORD_ROUND(ntohs(auth_hmacs->length));
		else
			auth_hmacs = NULL;

		auth_chunks = (sctp_paramhdr_t *)asoc->c.auth_chunks;
		if (auth_chunks->length)
			chunksize += WORD_ROUND(ntohs(auth_chunks->length));
		else
			auth_chunks = NULL;

		extensions[num_ext] = SCTP_CID_AUTH;
		num_ext += 1;
	}

	if (num_ext)
		chunksize += WORD_ROUND(sizeof(sctp_supported_ext_param_t) +
					num_ext);

	/* Now allocate and fill out the chunk.  */
	retval = sctp_make_control(asoc, SCTP_CID_INIT_ACK, 0, chunksize, gfp);
	if (!retval)
		goto nomem_chunk;

	/* RFC 2960 6.4 Multi-homed SCTP Endpoints
	 *
	 * An endpoint SHOULD transmit reply chunks (e.g., SACK,
	 * HEARTBEAT ACK, * etc.) to the same destination transport
	 * address from which it received the DATA or control chunk
	 * to which it is replying.
	 *
	 * [INIT ACK back to where the INIT came from.]
	 */
	retval->transport = chunk->transport;

	retval->subh.init_hdr =
		sctp_addto_chunk(retval, sizeof(initack), &initack);
	retval->param_hdr.v = sctp_addto_chunk(retval, addrs_len, addrs.v);
	sctp_addto_chunk(retval, cookie_len, cookie);
	if (asoc->peer.ecn_capable)
		sctp_addto_chunk(retval, sizeof(ecap_param), &ecap_param);
	if (num_ext) {
		ext_param.param_hdr.type = SCTP_PARAM_SUPPORTED_EXT;
		ext_param.param_hdr.length =
			    htons(sizeof(sctp_supported_ext_param_t) + num_ext);
		sctp_addto_chunk(retval, sizeof(sctp_supported_ext_param_t),
				 &ext_param);
		sctp_addto_param(retval, num_ext, extensions);
	}
	if (asoc->peer.prsctp_capable)
		sctp_addto_chunk(retval, sizeof(prsctp_param), &prsctp_param);

	if (sp->adaptation_ind) {
		aiparam.param_hdr.type = SCTP_PARAM_ADAPTATION_LAYER_IND;
		aiparam.param_hdr.length = htons(sizeof(aiparam));
		aiparam.adaptation_ind = htonl(sp->adaptation_ind);
		sctp_addto_chunk(retval, sizeof(aiparam), &aiparam);
	}

	if (asoc->peer.auth_capable) {
		sctp_addto_chunk(retval, ntohs(auth_random->length),
				 auth_random);
		if (auth_hmacs)
			sctp_addto_chunk(retval, ntohs(auth_hmacs->length),
					auth_hmacs);
		if (auth_chunks)
			sctp_addto_chunk(retval, ntohs(auth_chunks->length),
					auth_chunks);
	}

	/* We need to remove the const qualifier at this point.  */
	retval->asoc = (struct sctp_association *) asoc;

nomem_chunk:
	kfree(cookie);
nomem_cookie:
	kfree(addrs.v);
	return retval;
}

/* 3.3.11 Cookie Echo (COOKIE ECHO) (10):
 *
 * This chunk is used only during the initialization of an association.
 * It is sent by the initiator of an association to its peer to complete
 * the initialization process. This chunk MUST precede any DATA chunk
 * sent within the association, but MAY be bundled with one or more DATA
 * chunks in the same packet.
 *
 *      0                   1                   2                   3
 *      0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
 *     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *     |   Type = 10   |Chunk  Flags   |         Length                |
 *     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *     /                     Cookie                                    /
 *     \                                                               \
 *     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *
 * Chunk Flags: 8 bit
 *
 *   Set to zero on transmit and ignored on receipt.
 *
 * Length: 16 bits (unsigned integer)
 *
 *   Set to the size of the chunk in bytes, including the 4 bytes of
 *   the chunk header and the size of the Cookie.
 *
 * Cookie: variable size
 *
 *   This field must contain the exact cookie received in the
 *   State Cookie parameter from the previous INIT ACK.
 *
 *   An implementation SHOULD make the cookie as small as possible
 *   to insure interoperability.
 */
struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_cookie_echo(const struct sctp_association *asoc,
				    const struct sctp_chunk *chunk)
{
	struct sctp_chunk *retval;
	void *cookie;
	int cookie_len;

	cookie = asoc->peer.cookie;
	cookie_len = asoc->peer.cookie_len;

	/* Build a cookie echo chunk.  */
	retval = sctp_make_control(asoc, SCTP_CID_COOKIE_ECHO, 0,
				   cookie_len, GFP_ATOMIC);
	if (!retval)
		goto nodata;
	retval->subh.cookie_hdr =
		sctp_addto_chunk(retval, cookie_len, cookie);

	/* RFC 2960 6.4 Multi-homed SCTP Endpoints
	 *
	 * An endpoint SHOULD transmit reply chunks (e.g., SACK,
	 * HEARTBEAT ACK, * etc.) to the same destination transport
	 * address from which it * received the DATA or control chunk
	 * to which it is replying.
	 *
	 * [COOKIE ECHO back to where the INIT ACK came from.]
	 */
	if (chunk)
		retval->transport = chunk->transport;

nodata:
	return retval;
}

/* 3.3.12 Cookie Acknowledgement (COOKIE ACK) (11):
 *
 * This chunk is used only during the initialization of an
 * association.  It is used to acknowledge the receipt of a COOKIE
 * ECHO chunk.  This chunk MUST precede any DATA or SACK chunk sent
 * within the association, but MAY be bundled with one or more DATA
 * chunks or SACK chunk in the same SCTP packet.
 *
 *      0                   1                   2                   3
 *      0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
 *     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *     |   Type = 11   |Chunk  Flags   |     Length = 4                |
 *     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *
 * Chunk Flags: 8 bits
 *
 *   Set to zero on transmit and ignored on receipt.
 */
struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_cookie_ack(const struct sctp_association *asoc,
				   const struct sctp_chunk *chunk)
{
	struct sctp_chunk *retval;

	retval = sctp_make_control(asoc, SCTP_CID_COOKIE_ACK, 0, 0, GFP_ATOMIC);

	/* RFC 2960 6.4 Multi-homed SCTP Endpoints
	 *
	 * An endpoint SHOULD transmit reply chunks (e.g., SACK,
	 * HEARTBEAT ACK, * etc.) to the same destination transport
	 * address from which it * received the DATA or control chunk
	 * to which it is replying.
	 *
	 * [COOKIE ACK back to where the COOKIE ECHO came from.]
	 */
	if (retval && chunk)
		retval->transport = chunk->transport;

	return retval;
}

/*
 *  Appendix A: Explicit Congestion Notification:
 *  CWR:
 *
 *  RFC 2481 details a specific bit for a sender to send in the header of
 *  its next outbound TCP segment to indicate to its peer that it has
 *  reduced its congestion window.  This is termed the CWR bit.  For
 *  SCTP the same indication is made by including the CWR chunk.
 *  This chunk contains one data element, i.e. the TSN number that
 *  was sent in the ECNE chunk.  This element represents the lowest
 *  TSN number in the datagram that was originally marked with the
 *  CE bit.
 *
 *     0                   1                   2                   3
 *     0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
 *    +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *    | Chunk Type=13 | Flags=00000000|    Chunk Length = 8           |
 *    +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *    |                      Lowest TSN Number                        |
 *    +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *
 *     Note: The CWR is considered a Control chunk.
 */
struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_cwr(const struct sctp_association *asoc,
			    const __u32 lowest_tsn,
			    const struct sctp_chunk *chunk)
{
	struct sctp_chunk *retval;
	sctp_cwrhdr_t cwr;

	cwr.lowest_tsn = htonl(lowest_tsn);
	retval = sctp_make_control(asoc, SCTP_CID_ECN_CWR, 0,
				   sizeof(sctp_cwrhdr_t), GFP_ATOMIC);

	if (!retval)
		goto nodata;

	retval->subh.ecn_cwr_hdr =
		sctp_addto_chunk(retval, sizeof(cwr), &cwr);

	/* RFC 2960 6.4 Multi-homed SCTP Endpoints
	 *
	 * An endpoint SHOULD transmit reply chunks (e.g., SACK,
	 * HEARTBEAT ACK, * etc.) to the same destination transport
	 * address from which it * received the DATA or control chunk
	 * to which it is replying.
	 *
	 * [Report a reduced congestion window back to where the ECNE
	 * came from.]
	 */
	if (chunk)
		retval->transport = chunk->transport;

nodata:
	return retval;
}

/* Make an ECNE chunk.  This is a congestion experienced report.  */
struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_ecne(const struct sctp_association *asoc,
			     const __u32 lowest_tsn)
{
	struct sctp_chunk *retval;
	sctp_ecnehdr_t ecne;

	ecne.lowest_tsn = htonl(lowest_tsn);
	retval = sctp_make_control(asoc, SCTP_CID_ECN_ECNE, 0,
				   sizeof(sctp_ecnehdr_t), GFP_ATOMIC);
	if (!retval)
		goto nodata;
	retval->subh.ecne_hdr =
		sctp_addto_chunk(retval, sizeof(ecne), &ecne);

nodata:
	return retval;
}

/* Make a DATA chunk for the given association from the provided
 * parameters.  However, do not populate the data payload.
 */
struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_datafrag_empty(struct sctp_association *asoc,
				       const struct sctp_sndrcvinfo *sinfo,
				       int data_len, __u8 flags, __u16 ssn,
				       gfp_t gfp)
{
	struct sctp_chunk *retval;
	struct sctp_datahdr dp;
	int chunk_len;

	/* We assign the TSN as LATE as possible, not here when
	 * creating the chunk.
	 */
	dp.tsn = 0;
	dp.stream = htons(sinfo->sinfo_stream);
	dp.ppid   = sinfo->sinfo_ppid;

	/* Set the flags for an unordered send.  */
	if (sinfo->sinfo_flags & SCTP_UNORDERED) {
		flags |= SCTP_DATA_UNORDERED;
		dp.ssn = 0;
	} else
		dp.ssn = htons(ssn);

	chunk_len = sizeof(dp) + data_len;
	retval = sctp_make_data(asoc, flags, chunk_len, gfp);
	if (!retval)
		goto nodata;

	retval->subh.data_hdr = sctp_addto_chunk(retval, sizeof(dp), &dp);
	memcpy(&retval->sinfo, sinfo, sizeof(struct sctp_sndrcvinfo));

nodata:
	return retval;
}

/* Create a selective ackowledgement (SACK) for the given
 * association.  This reports on which TSN's we've seen to date,
 * including duplicates and gaps.
 */
struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_sack(const struct sctp_association *asoc)
{
	struct sctp_chunk *retval;
	struct sctp_sackhdr sack;
	int len;
	__u32 ctsn;
	__u16 num_gabs, num_dup_tsns;
	struct sctp_association *aptr = (struct sctp_association *)asoc;
	struct sctp_tsnmap *map = (struct sctp_tsnmap *)&asoc->peer.tsn_map;
	struct sctp_gap_ack_block gabs[SCTP_MAX_GABS];
	struct sctp_transport *trans;

	memset(gabs, 0, sizeof(gabs));
	ctsn = sctp_tsnmap_get_ctsn(map);

	pr_debug("%s: sackCTSNAck sent:0x%x\n", __func__, ctsn);

	/* How much room is needed in the chunk? */
	num_gabs = sctp_tsnmap_num_gabs(map, gabs);
	num_dup_tsns = sctp_tsnmap_num_dups(map);

	/* Initialize the SACK header.  */
	sack.cum_tsn_ack	    = htonl(ctsn);
	sack.a_rwnd 		    = htonl(asoc->a_rwnd);
	sack.num_gap_ack_blocks     = htons(num_gabs);
	sack.num_dup_tsns           = htons(num_dup_tsns);

	len = sizeof(sack)
		+ sizeof(struct sctp_gap_ack_block) * num_gabs
		+ sizeof(__u32) * num_dup_tsns;

	/* Create the chunk.  */
	retval = sctp_make_control(asoc, SCTP_CID_SACK, 0, len, GFP_ATOMIC);
	if (!retval)
		goto nodata;

	/* RFC 2960 6.4 Multi-homed SCTP Endpoints
	 *
	 * An endpoint SHOULD transmit reply chunks (e.g., SACK,
	 * HEARTBEAT ACK, etc.) to the same destination transport
	 * address from which it received the DATA or control chunk to
	 * which it is replying.  This rule should also be followed if
	 * the endpoint is bundling DATA chunks together with the
	 * reply chunk.
	 *
	 * However, when acknowledging multiple DATA chunks received
	 * in packets from different source addresses in a single
	 * SACK, the SACK chunk may be transmitted to one of the
	 * destination transport addresses from which the DATA or
	 * control chunks being acknowledged were received.
	 *
	 * [BUG:  We do not implement the following paragraph.
	 * Perhaps we should remember the last transport we used for a
	 * SACK and avoid that (if possible) if we have seen any
	 * duplicates. --piggy]
	 *
	 * When a receiver of a duplicate DATA chunk sends a SACK to a
	 * multi- homed endpoint it MAY be beneficial to vary the
	 * destination address and not use the source address of the
	 * DATA chunk.  The reason being that receiving a duplicate
	 * from a multi-homed endpoint might indicate that the return
	 * path (as specified in the source address of the DATA chunk)
	 * for the SACK is broken.
	 *
	 * [Send to the address from which we last received a DATA chunk.]
	 */
	retval->transport = asoc->peer.last_data_from;

	retval->subh.sack_hdr =
		sctp_addto_chunk(retval, sizeof(sack), &sack);

	/* Add the gap ack block information.   */
	if (num_gabs)
		sctp_addto_chunk(retval, sizeof(__u32) * num_gabs,
				 gabs);

	/* Add the duplicate TSN information.  */
	if (num_dup_tsns) {
		aptr->stats.idupchunks += num_dup_tsns;
		sctp_addto_chunk(retval, sizeof(__u32) * num_dup_tsns,
				 sctp_tsnmap_get_dups(map));
	}
	/* Once we have a sack generated, check to see what our sack
	 * generation is, if its 0, reset the transports to 0, and reset
	 * the association generation to 1
	 *
	 * The idea is that zero is never used as a valid generation for the
	 * association so no transport will match after a wrap event like this,
	 * Until the next sack
	 */
	if (++aptr->peer.sack_generation == 0) {
		list_for_each_entry(trans, &asoc->peer.transport_addr_list,
				    transports)
			trans->sack_generation = 0;
		aptr->peer.sack_generation = 1;
	}
nodata:
	return retval;
}

/* Make a SHUTDOWN chunk. */
struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_shutdown(const struct sctp_association *asoc,
				      const struct sctp_chunk *chunk)
{
	struct sctp_chunk *retval;
	sctp_shutdownhdr_t shut;
	__u32 ctsn;

	ctsn = sctp_tsnmap_get_ctsn(&asoc->peer.tsn_map);
	shut.cum_tsn_ack = htonl(ctsn);

	retval = sctp_make_control(asoc, SCTP_CID_SHUTDOWN, 0,
				   sizeof(sctp_shutdownhdr_t), GFP_ATOMIC);
	if (!retval)
		goto nodata;

	retval->subh.shutdown_hdr =
		sctp_addto_chunk(retval, sizeof(shut), &shut);

	if (chunk)
		retval->transport = chunk->transport;
nodata:
	return retval;
}

struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_shutdown_ack(const struct sctp_association *asoc,
				     const struct sctp_chunk *chunk)
{
	struct sctp_chunk *retval;

	retval = sctp_make_control(asoc, SCTP_CID_SHUTDOWN_ACK, 0, 0,
				   GFP_ATOMIC);

	/* RFC 2960 6.4 Multi-homed SCTP Endpoints
	 *
	 * An endpoint SHOULD transmit reply chunks (e.g., SACK,
	 * HEARTBEAT ACK, * etc.) to the same destination transport
	 * address from which it * received the DATA or control chunk
	 * to which it is replying.
	 *
	 * [ACK back to where the SHUTDOWN came from.]
	 */
	if (retval && chunk)
		retval->transport = chunk->transport;

	return retval;
}

struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_shutdown_complete(
	const struct sctp_association *asoc,
	const struct sctp_chunk *chunk)
{
	struct sctp_chunk *retval;
	__u8 flags = 0;

	/* Set the T-bit if we have no association (vtag will be
	 * reflected)
	 */
	flags |= asoc ? 0 : SCTP_CHUNK_FLAG_T;

	retval = sctp_make_control(asoc, SCTP_CID_SHUTDOWN_COMPLETE, flags,
				   0, GFP_ATOMIC);

	/* RFC 2960 6.4 Multi-homed SCTP Endpoints
	 *
	 * An endpoint SHOULD transmit reply chunks (e.g., SACK,
	 * HEARTBEAT ACK, * etc.) to the same destination transport
	 * address from which it * received the DATA or control chunk
	 * to which it is replying.
	 *
	 * [Report SHUTDOWN COMPLETE back to where the SHUTDOWN ACK
	 * came from.]
	 */
	if (retval && chunk)
		retval->transport = chunk->transport;

	return retval;
}

/* Create an ABORT.  Note that we set the T bit if we have no
 * association, except when responding to an INIT (sctpimpguide 2.41).
 */
struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_abort(const struct sctp_association *asoc,
			      const struct sctp_chunk *chunk,
			      const size_t hint)
{
	struct sctp_chunk *retval;
	__u8 flags = 0;

	/* Set the T-bit if we have no association and 'chunk' is not
	 * an INIT (vtag will be reflected).
	 */
	if (!asoc) {
		if (chunk && chunk->chunk_hdr &&
		    chunk->chunk_hdr->type == SCTP_CID_INIT)
			flags = 0;
		else
			flags = SCTP_CHUNK_FLAG_T;
	}

	retval = sctp_make_control(asoc, SCTP_CID_ABORT, flags, hint,
				   GFP_ATOMIC);

	/* RFC 2960 6.4 Multi-homed SCTP Endpoints
	 *
	 * An endpoint SHOULD transmit reply chunks (e.g., SACK,
	 * HEARTBEAT ACK, * etc.) to the same destination transport
	 * address from which it * received the DATA or control chunk
	 * to which it is replying.
	 *
	 * [ABORT back to where the offender came from.]
	 */
	if (retval && chunk)
		retval->transport = chunk->transport;

	return retval;
}

/* Helper to create ABORT with a NO_USER_DATA error.  */
struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_abort_no_data(
	const struct sctp_association *asoc,
	const struct sctp_chunk *chunk, __u32 tsn)
{
	struct sctp_chunk *retval;
	__be32 payload;

	retval = sctp_make_abort(asoc, chunk, sizeof(sctp_errhdr_t)
				 + sizeof(tsn));

	if (!retval)
		goto no_mem;

	/* Put the tsn back into network byte order.  */
	payload = htonl(tsn);
	sctp_init_cause(retval, SCTP_ERROR_NO_DATA, sizeof(payload));
	sctp_addto_chunk(retval, sizeof(payload), (const void *)&payload);

	/* RFC 2960 6.4 Multi-homed SCTP Endpoints
	 *
	 * An endpoint SHOULD transmit reply chunks (e.g., SACK,
	 * HEARTBEAT ACK, * etc.) to the same destination transport
	 * address from which it * received the DATA or control chunk
	 * to which it is replying.
	 *
	 * [ABORT back to where the offender came from.]
	 */
	if (chunk)
		retval->transport = chunk->transport;

no_mem:
	return retval;
}

/* Helper to create ABORT with a SCTP_ERROR_USER_ABORT error.  */
struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_abort_user(const struct sctp_association *asoc,
					struct msghdr *msg,
					size_t paylen)
{
	struct sctp_chunk *retval;
	void *payload = NULL;
	int err;

	retval = sctp_make_abort(asoc, NULL, sizeof(sctp_errhdr_t) + paylen);
	if (!retval)
		goto err_chunk;

	if (paylen) {
		/* Put the msg_iov together into payload.  */
		payload = kmalloc(paylen, GFP_KERNEL);
		if (!payload)
			goto err_payload;

		err = memcpy_from_msg(payload, msg, paylen);
		if (err < 0)
			goto err_copy;
	}

	sctp_init_cause(retval, SCTP_ERROR_USER_ABORT, paylen);
	sctp_addto_chunk(retval, paylen, payload);

	if (paylen)
		kfree(payload);

	return retval;

err_copy:
	kfree(payload);
err_payload:
	sctp_chunk_free(retval);
	retval = NULL;
err_chunk:
	return retval;
}

/* Append bytes to the end of a parameter.  Will panic if chunk is not big
 * enough.
 */
static void *sctp_addto_param(struct sctp_chunk *chunk, int len,
			      const void *data)
{
	void *target;
	int chunklen = ntohs(chunk->chunk_hdr->length);

	target = skb_put(chunk->skb, len);

	if (data)
		memcpy(target, data, len);
	else
		memset(target, 0, len);

	/* Adjust the chunk length field.  */
	chunk->chunk_hdr->length = htons(chunklen + len);
	chunk->chunk_end = skb_tail_pointer(chunk->skb);

	return target;
}

/* Make an ABORT chunk with a PROTOCOL VIOLATION cause code. */
struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_abort_violation(
	const struct sctp_association *asoc,
	const struct sctp_chunk *chunk,
	const __u8   *payload,
	const size_t paylen)
{
	struct sctp_chunk  *retval;
	struct sctp_paramhdr phdr;

	retval = sctp_make_abort(asoc, chunk, sizeof(sctp_errhdr_t) + paylen
					+ sizeof(sctp_paramhdr_t));
	if (!retval)
		goto end;

	sctp_init_cause(retval, SCTP_ERROR_PROTO_VIOLATION, paylen
					+ sizeof(sctp_paramhdr_t));

	phdr.type = htons(chunk->chunk_hdr->type);
	phdr.length = chunk->chunk_hdr->length;
	sctp_addto_chunk(retval, paylen, payload);
	sctp_addto_param(retval, sizeof(sctp_paramhdr_t), &phdr);

end:
	return retval;
}

struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_violation_paramlen(
	const struct sctp_association *asoc,
	const struct sctp_chunk *chunk,
	struct sctp_paramhdr *param)
{
	struct sctp_chunk *retval;
	static const char error[] = "The following parameter had invalid length:";
	size_t payload_len = sizeof(error) + sizeof(sctp_errhdr_t) +
				sizeof(sctp_paramhdr_t);

	retval = sctp_make_abort(asoc, chunk, payload_len);
	if (!retval)
		goto nodata;

	sctp_init_cause(retval, SCTP_ERROR_PROTO_VIOLATION,
			sizeof(error) + sizeof(sctp_paramhdr_t));
	sctp_addto_chunk(retval, sizeof(error), error);
	sctp_addto_param(retval, sizeof(sctp_paramhdr_t), param);

nodata:
	return retval;
}

struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_violation_max_retrans(
	const struct sctp_association *asoc,
	const struct sctp_chunk *chunk)
{
	struct sctp_chunk *retval;
	static const char error[] = "Association exceeded its max_retans count";
	size_t payload_len = sizeof(error) + sizeof(sctp_errhdr_t);

	retval = sctp_make_abort(asoc, chunk, payload_len);
	if (!retval)
		goto nodata;

	sctp_init_cause(retval, SCTP_ERROR_PROTO_VIOLATION, sizeof(error));
	sctp_addto_chunk(retval, sizeof(error), error);

nodata:
	return retval;
}

/* Make a HEARTBEAT chunk.  */
struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_heartbeat(const struct sctp_association *asoc,
				  const struct sctp_transport *transport)
{
	struct sctp_chunk *retval;
	sctp_sender_hb_info_t hbinfo;

	retval = sctp_make_control(asoc, SCTP_CID_HEARTBEAT, 0,
				   sizeof(hbinfo), GFP_ATOMIC);

	if (!retval)
		goto nodata;

	hbinfo.param_hdr.type = SCTP_PARAM_HEARTBEAT_INFO;
	hbinfo.param_hdr.length = htons(sizeof(sctp_sender_hb_info_t));
	hbinfo.daddr = transport->ipaddr;
	hbinfo.sent_at = jiffies;
	hbinfo.hb_nonce = transport->hb_nonce;

	/* Cast away the 'const', as this is just telling the chunk
	 * what transport it belongs to.
	 */
	retval->transport = (struct sctp_transport *) transport;
	retval->subh.hbs_hdr = sctp_addto_chunk(retval, sizeof(hbinfo),
						&hbinfo);

nodata:
	return retval;
}

struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_heartbeat_ack(const struct sctp_association *asoc,
				      const struct sctp_chunk *chunk,
				      const void *payload, const size_t paylen)
{
	struct sctp_chunk *retval;

	retval  = sctp_make_control(asoc, SCTP_CID_HEARTBEAT_ACK, 0, paylen,
				    GFP_ATOMIC);
	if (!retval)
		goto nodata;

	retval->subh.hbs_hdr = sctp_addto_chunk(retval, paylen, payload);

	/* RFC 2960 6.4 Multi-homed SCTP Endpoints
	 *
	 * An endpoint SHOULD transmit reply chunks (e.g., SACK,
	 * HEARTBEAT ACK, * etc.) to the same destination transport
	 * address from which it * received the DATA or control chunk
	 * to which it is replying.
	 *
	 * [HBACK back to where the HEARTBEAT came from.]
	 */
	if (chunk)
		retval->transport = chunk->transport;

nodata:
	return retval;
}

/* Create an Operation Error chunk with the specified space reserved.
 * This routine can be used for containing multiple causes in the chunk.
 */
static struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_op_error_space(
	const struct sctp_association *asoc,
	const struct sctp_chunk *chunk,
	size_t size)
{
	struct sctp_chunk *retval;

	retval = sctp_make_control(asoc, SCTP_CID_ERROR, 0,
				   sizeof(sctp_errhdr_t) + size, GFP_ATOMIC);
	if (!retval)
		goto nodata;

	/* RFC 2960 6.4 Multi-homed SCTP Endpoints
	 *
	 * An endpoint SHOULD transmit reply chunks (e.g., SACK,
	 * HEARTBEAT ACK, etc.) to the same destination transport
	 * address from which it received the DATA or control chunk
	 * to which it is replying.
	 *
	 */
	if (chunk)
		retval->transport = chunk->transport;

nodata:
	return retval;
}

/* Create an Operation Error chunk of a fixed size,
 * specifically, max(asoc->pathmtu, SCTP_DEFAULT_MAXSEGMENT)
 * This is a helper function to allocate an error chunk for
 * for those invalid parameter codes in which we may not want
 * to report all the errors, if the incoming chunk is large
 */
static inline struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_op_error_fixed(
	const struct sctp_association *asoc,
	const struct sctp_chunk *chunk)
{
	size_t size = asoc ? asoc->pathmtu : 0;

	if (!size)
		size = SCTP_DEFAULT_MAXSEGMENT;

	return sctp_make_op_error_space(asoc, chunk, size);
}

/* Create an Operation Error chunk.  */
struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_op_error(const struct sctp_association *asoc,
				 const struct sctp_chunk *chunk,
				 __be16 cause_code, const void *payload,
				 size_t paylen, size_t reserve_tail)
{
	struct sctp_chunk *retval;

	retval = sctp_make_op_error_space(asoc, chunk, paylen + reserve_tail);
	if (!retval)
		goto nodata;

	sctp_init_cause(retval, cause_code, paylen + reserve_tail);
	sctp_addto_chunk(retval, paylen, payload);
	if (reserve_tail)
		sctp_addto_param(retval, reserve_tail, NULL);

nodata:
	return retval;
}

struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_auth(const struct sctp_association *asoc)
{
	struct sctp_chunk *retval;
	struct sctp_hmac *hmac_desc;
	struct sctp_authhdr auth_hdr;
	__u8 *hmac;

	/* Get the first hmac that the peer told us to use */
	hmac_desc = sctp_auth_asoc_get_hmac(asoc);
	if (unlikely(!hmac_desc))
		return NULL;

	retval = sctp_make_control(asoc, SCTP_CID_AUTH, 0,
			hmac_desc->hmac_len + sizeof(sctp_authhdr_t),
			GFP_ATOMIC);
	if (!retval)
		return NULL;

	auth_hdr.hmac_id = htons(hmac_desc->hmac_id);
	auth_hdr.shkey_id = htons(asoc->active_key_id);

	retval->subh.auth_hdr = sctp_addto_chunk(retval, sizeof(sctp_authhdr_t),
						&auth_hdr);

	hmac = skb_put(retval->skb, hmac_desc->hmac_len);
	memset(hmac, 0, hmac_desc->hmac_len);

	/* Adjust the chunk header to include the empty MAC */
	retval->chunk_hdr->length =
		htons(ntohs(retval->chunk_hdr->length) + hmac_desc->hmac_len);
	retval->chunk_end = skb_tail_pointer(retval->skb);

	return retval;
}


/********************************************************************
 * 2nd Level Abstractions
 ********************************************************************/

/* Turn an skb into a chunk.
 * FIXME: Eventually move the structure directly inside the skb->cb[].
 *
 * sctpimpguide-05.txt Section 2.8.2
 * M1) Each time a new DATA chunk is transmitted
 * set the 'TSN.Missing.Report' count for that TSN to 0. The
 * 'TSN.Missing.Report' count will be used to determine missing chunks
 * and when to fast retransmit.
 *
 */
struct sctp_chunk *sctp_chunkify(struct sk_buff *skb,
			    const struct sctp_association *asoc,
			    struct sock *sk, gfp_t gfp)
{
	struct sctp_chunk *retval;

	retval = kmem_cache_zalloc(sctp_chunk_cachep, gfp);

	if (!retval)
		goto nodata;
	if (!sk)
		pr_debug("%s: chunkifying skb:%p w/o an sk\n", __func__, skb);

	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&retval->list);
	retval->skb		= skb;
	retval->asoc		= (struct sctp_association *)asoc;
	retval->singleton	= 1;

	retval->fast_retransmit = SCTP_CAN_FRTX;

	/* Polish the bead hole.  */
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&retval->transmitted_list);
	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&retval->frag_list);
	SCTP_DBG_OBJCNT_INC(chunk);
	atomic_set(&retval->refcnt, 1);

nodata:
	return retval;
}

/* Set chunk->source and dest based on the IP header in chunk->skb.  */
void sctp_init_addrs(struct sctp_chunk *chunk, union sctp_addr *src,
		     union sctp_addr *dest)
{
	memcpy(&chunk->source, src, sizeof(union sctp_addr));
	memcpy(&chunk->dest, dest, sizeof(union sctp_addr));
}

/* Extract the source address from a chunk.  */
const union sctp_addr *sctp_source(const struct sctp_chunk *chunk)
{
	/* If we have a known transport, use that.  */
	if (chunk->transport) {
		return &chunk->transport->ipaddr;
	} else {
		/* Otherwise, extract it from the IP header.  */
		return &chunk->source;
	}
}

/* Create a new chunk, setting the type and flags headers from the
 * arguments, reserving enough space for a 'paylen' byte payload.
 */
static struct sctp_chunk *_sctp_make_chunk(const struct sctp_association *asoc,
					    __u8 type, __u8 flags, int paylen,
					    gfp_t gfp)
{
	struct sctp_chunk *retval;
	sctp_chunkhdr_t *chunk_hdr;
	struct sk_buff *skb;
	struct sock *sk;

	/* No need to allocate LL here, as this is only a chunk. */
	skb = alloc_skb(WORD_ROUND(sizeof(sctp_chunkhdr_t) + paylen), gfp);
	if (!skb)
		goto nodata;

	/* Make room for the chunk header.  */
	chunk_hdr = (sctp_chunkhdr_t *)skb_put(skb, sizeof(sctp_chunkhdr_t));
	chunk_hdr->type	  = type;
	chunk_hdr->flags  = flags;
	chunk_hdr->length = htons(sizeof(sctp_chunkhdr_t));

	sk = asoc ? asoc->base.sk : NULL;
	retval = sctp_chunkify(skb, asoc, sk, gfp);
	if (!retval) {
		kfree_skb(skb);
		goto nodata;
	}

	retval->chunk_hdr = chunk_hdr;
	retval->chunk_end = ((__u8 *)chunk_hdr) + sizeof(struct sctp_chunkhdr);

	/* Determine if the chunk needs to be authenticated */
	if (sctp_auth_send_cid(type, asoc))
		retval->auth = 1;

	return retval;
nodata:
	return NULL;
}

static struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_data(const struct sctp_association *asoc,
					 __u8 flags, int paylen, gfp_t gfp)
{
	return _sctp_make_chunk(asoc, SCTP_CID_DATA, flags, paylen, gfp);
}

static struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_control(const struct sctp_association *asoc,
					    __u8 type, __u8 flags, int paylen,
					    gfp_t gfp)
{
	struct sctp_chunk *chunk;

	chunk = _sctp_make_chunk(asoc, type, flags, paylen, gfp);
	if (chunk)
		sctp_control_set_owner_w(chunk);

	return chunk;
}

/* Release the memory occupied by a chunk.  */
static void sctp_chunk_destroy(struct sctp_chunk *chunk)
{
	BUG_ON(!list_empty(&chunk->list));
	list_del_init(&chunk->transmitted_list);

	consume_skb(chunk->skb);
	consume_skb(chunk->auth_chunk);

	SCTP_DBG_OBJCNT_DEC(chunk);
	kmem_cache_free(sctp_chunk_cachep, chunk);
}

/* Possibly, free the chunk.  */
void sctp_chunk_free(struct sctp_chunk *chunk)
{
	/* Release our reference on the message tracker. */
	if (chunk->msg)
		sctp_datamsg_put(chunk->msg);

	sctp_chunk_put(chunk);
}

/* Grab a reference to the chunk. */
void sctp_chunk_hold(struct sctp_chunk *ch)
{
	atomic_inc(&ch->refcnt);
}

/* Release a reference to the chunk. */
void sctp_chunk_put(struct sctp_chunk *ch)
{
	if (atomic_dec_and_test(&ch->refcnt))
		sctp_chunk_destroy(ch);
}

/* Append bytes to the end of a chunk.  Will panic if chunk is not big
 * enough.
 */
void *sctp_addto_chunk(struct sctp_chunk *chunk, int len, const void *data)
{
	void *target;
	void *padding;
	int chunklen = ntohs(chunk->chunk_hdr->length);
	int padlen = WORD_ROUND(chunklen) - chunklen;

	padding = skb_put(chunk->skb, padlen);
	target = skb_put(chunk->skb, len);

	memset(padding, 0, padlen);
	memcpy(target, data, len);

	/* Adjust the chunk length field.  */
	chunk->chunk_hdr->length = htons(chunklen + padlen + len);
	chunk->chunk_end = skb_tail_pointer(chunk->skb);

	return target;
}

/* Append bytes to the end of a chunk. Returns NULL if there isn't sufficient
 * space in the chunk
 */
static void *sctp_addto_chunk_fixed(struct sctp_chunk *chunk,
				    int len, const void *data)
{
	if (skb_tailroom(chunk->skb) >= len)
		return sctp_addto_chunk(chunk, len, data);
	else
		return NULL;
}

/* Append bytes from user space to the end of a chunk.  Will panic if
 * chunk is not big enough.
 * Returns a kernel err value.
 */
int sctp_user_addto_chunk(struct sctp_chunk *chunk, int len,
			  struct iov_iter *from)
{
	void *target;
	ssize_t copied;

	/* Make room in chunk for data.  */
	target = skb_put(chunk->skb, len);

	/* Copy data (whole iovec) into chunk */
	copied = copy_from_iter(target, len, from);
	if (copied != len)
		return -EFAULT;

	/* Adjust the chunk length field.  */
	chunk->chunk_hdr->length =
		htons(ntohs(chunk->chunk_hdr->length) + len);
	chunk->chunk_end = skb_tail_pointer(chunk->skb);

	return 0;
}

/* Helper function to assign a TSN if needed.  This assumes that both
 * the data_hdr and association have already been assigned.
 */
void sctp_chunk_assign_ssn(struct sctp_chunk *chunk)
{
	struct sctp_datamsg *msg;
	struct sctp_chunk *lchunk;
	struct sctp_stream *stream;
	__u16 ssn;
	__u16 sid;

	if (chunk->has_ssn)
		return;

	/* All fragments will be on the same stream */
	sid = ntohs(chunk->subh.data_hdr->stream);
	stream = &chunk->asoc->ssnmap->out;

	/* Now assign the sequence number to the entire message.
	 * All fragments must have the same stream sequence number.
	 */
	msg = chunk->msg;
	list_for_each_entry(lchunk, &msg->chunks, frag_list) {
		if (lchunk->chunk_hdr->flags & SCTP_DATA_UNORDERED) {
			ssn = 0;
		} else {
			if (lchunk->chunk_hdr->flags & SCTP_DATA_LAST_FRAG)
				ssn = sctp_ssn_next(stream, sid);
			else
				ssn = sctp_ssn_peek(stream, sid);
		}

		lchunk->subh.data_hdr->ssn = htons(ssn);
		lchunk->has_ssn = 1;
	}
}

/* Helper function to assign a TSN if needed.  This assumes that both
 * the data_hdr and association have already been assigned.
 */
void sctp_chunk_assign_tsn(struct sctp_chunk *chunk)
{
	if (!chunk->has_tsn) {
		/* This is the last possible instant to
		 * assign a TSN.
		 */
		chunk->subh.data_hdr->tsn =
			htonl(sctp_association_get_next_tsn(chunk->asoc));
		chunk->has_tsn = 1;
	}
}

/* Create a CLOSED association to use with an incoming packet.  */
struct sctp_association *sctp_make_temp_asoc(const struct sctp_endpoint *ep,
					struct sctp_chunk *chunk,
					gfp_t gfp)
{
	struct sctp_association *asoc;
	struct sk_buff *skb;
	sctp_scope_t scope;

	/* Create the bare association.  */
	scope = sctp_scope(sctp_source(chunk));
	asoc = sctp_association_new(ep, ep->base.sk, scope, gfp);
	if (!asoc)
		goto nodata;
	asoc->temp = 1;
	skb = chunk->skb;
	/* Create an entry for the source address of the packet.  */
	SCTP_INPUT_CB(skb)->af->from_skb(&asoc->c.peer_addr, skb, 1);

nodata:
	return asoc;
}

/* Build a cookie representing asoc.
 * This INCLUDES the param header needed to put the cookie in the INIT ACK.
 */
static sctp_cookie_param_t *sctp_pack_cookie(const struct sctp_endpoint *ep,
				      const struct sctp_association *asoc,
				      const struct sctp_chunk *init_chunk,
				      int *cookie_len,
				      const __u8 *raw_addrs, int addrs_len)
{
	sctp_cookie_param_t *retval;
	struct sctp_signed_cookie *cookie;
	int headersize, bodysize;

	/* Header size is static data prior to the actual cookie, including
	 * any padding.
	 */
	headersize = sizeof(sctp_paramhdr_t) +
		     (sizeof(struct sctp_signed_cookie) -
		      sizeof(struct sctp_cookie));
	bodysize = sizeof(struct sctp_cookie)
		+ ntohs(init_chunk->chunk_hdr->length) + addrs_len;

	/* Pad out the cookie to a multiple to make the signature
	 * functions simpler to write.
	 */
	if (bodysize % SCTP_COOKIE_MULTIPLE)
		bodysize += SCTP_COOKIE_MULTIPLE
			- (bodysize % SCTP_COOKIE_MULTIPLE);
	*cookie_len = headersize + bodysize;

	/* Clear this memory since we are sending this data structure
	 * out on the network.
	 */
	retval = kzalloc(*cookie_len, GFP_ATOMIC);
	if (!retval)
		goto nodata;

	cookie = (struct sctp_signed_cookie *) retval->body;

	/* Set up the parameter header.  */
	retval->p.type = SCTP_PARAM_STATE_COOKIE;
	retval->p.length = htons(*cookie_len);

	/* Copy the cookie part of the association itself.  */
	cookie->c = asoc->c;
	/* Save the raw address list length in the cookie. */
	cookie->c.raw_addr_list_len = addrs_len;

	/* Remember PR-SCTP capability. */
	cookie->c.prsctp_capable = asoc->peer.prsctp_capable;

	/* Save adaptation indication in the cookie. */
	cookie->c.adaptation_ind = asoc->peer.adaptation_ind;

	/* Set an expiration time for the cookie.  */
	cookie->c.expiration = ktime_add(asoc->cookie_life,
					 ktime_get_real());

	/* Copy the peer's init packet.  */
	memcpy(&cookie->c.peer_init[0], init_chunk->chunk_hdr,
	       ntohs(init_chunk->chunk_hdr->length));

	/* Copy the raw local address list of the association. */
	memcpy((__u8 *)&cookie->c.peer_init[0] +
	       ntohs(init_chunk->chunk_hdr->length), raw_addrs, addrs_len);

	if (sctp_sk(ep->base.sk)->hmac) {
		SHASH_DESC_ON_STACK(desc, sctp_sk(ep->base.sk)->hmac);
		int err;

		/* Sign the message.  */
		desc->tfm = sctp_sk(ep->base.sk)->hmac;
		desc->flags = 0;

		err = crypto_shash_setkey(desc->tfm, ep->secret_key,
					  sizeof(ep->secret_key)) ?:
		      crypto_shash_digest(desc, (u8 *)&cookie->c, bodysize,
					  cookie->signature);
		shash_desc_zero(desc);
		if (err)
			goto free_cookie;
	}

	return retval;

free_cookie:
	kfree(retval);
nodata:
	*cookie_len = 0;
	return NULL;
}

/* Unpack the cookie from COOKIE ECHO chunk, recreating the association.  */
struct sctp_association *sctp_unpack_cookie(
	const struct sctp_endpoint *ep,
	const struct sctp_association *asoc,
	struct sctp_chunk *chunk, gfp_t gfp,
	int *error, struct sctp_chunk **errp)
{
	struct sctp_association *retval = NULL;
	struct sctp_signed_cookie *cookie;
	struct sctp_cookie *bear_cookie;
	int headersize, bodysize, fixed_size;
	__u8 *digest = ep->digest;
	unsigned int len;
	sctp_scope_t scope;
	struct sk_buff *skb = chunk->skb;
	ktime_t kt;

	/* Header size is static data prior to the actual cookie, including
	 * any padding.
	 */
	headersize = sizeof(sctp_chunkhdr_t) +
		     (sizeof(struct sctp_signed_cookie) -
		      sizeof(struct sctp_cookie));
	bodysize = ntohs(chunk->chunk_hdr->length) - headersize;
	fixed_size = headersize + sizeof(struct sctp_cookie);

	/* Verify that the chunk looks like it even has a cookie.
	 * There must be enough room for our cookie and our peer's
	 * INIT chunk.
	 */
	len = ntohs(chunk->chunk_hdr->length);
	if (len < fixed_size + sizeof(struct sctp_chunkhdr))
		goto malformed;

	/* Verify that the cookie has been padded out. */
	if (bodysize % SCTP_COOKIE_MULTIPLE)
		goto malformed;

	/* Process the cookie.  */
	cookie = chunk->subh.cookie_hdr;
	bear_cookie = &cookie->c;

	if (!sctp_sk(ep->base.sk)->hmac)
		goto no_hmac;

	/* Check the signature.  */
	{
		SHASH_DESC_ON_STACK(desc, sctp_sk(ep->base.sk)->hmac);
		int err;

		desc->tfm = sctp_sk(ep->base.sk)->hmac;
		desc->flags = 0;

		err = crypto_shash_setkey(desc->tfm, ep->secret_key,
					  sizeof(ep->secret_key)) ?:
		      crypto_shash_digest(desc, (u8 *)bear_cookie, bodysize,
					  digest);
		shash_desc_zero(desc);

		if (err) {
			*error = -SCTP_IERROR_NOMEM;
			goto fail;
		}
	}

	if (memcmp(digest, cookie->signature, SCTP_SIGNATURE_SIZE)) {
		*error = -SCTP_IERROR_BAD_SIG;
		goto fail;
	}

no_hmac:
	/* IG Section 2.35.2:
	 *  3) Compare the port numbers and the verification tag contained
	 *     within the COOKIE ECHO chunk to the actual port numbers and the
	 *     verification tag within the SCTP common header of the received
	 *     packet. If these values do not match the packet MUST be silently
	 *     discarded,
	 */
	if (ntohl(chunk->sctp_hdr->vtag) != bear_cookie->my_vtag) {
		*error = -SCTP_IERROR_BAD_TAG;
		goto fail;
	}

	if (chunk->sctp_hdr->source != bear_cookie->peer_addr.v4.sin_port ||
	    ntohs(chunk->sctp_hdr->dest) != bear_cookie->my_port) {
		*error = -SCTP_IERROR_BAD_PORTS;
		goto fail;
	}

	/* Check to see if the cookie is stale.  If there is already
	 * an association, there is no need to check cookie's expiration
	 * for init collision case of lost COOKIE ACK.
	 * If skb has been timestamped, then use the stamp, otherwise
	 * use current time.  This introduces a small possibility that
	 * that a cookie may be considered expired, but his would only slow
	 * down the new association establishment instead of every packet.
	 */
	if (sock_flag(ep->base.sk, SOCK_TIMESTAMP))
		kt = skb_get_ktime(skb);
	else
		kt = ktime_get_real();

	if (!asoc && ktime_before(bear_cookie->expiration, kt)) {
		/*
		 * Section 3.3.10.3 Stale Cookie Error (3)
		 *
		 * Cause of error
		 * ---------------
		 * Stale Cookie Error:  Indicates the receipt of a valid State
		 * Cookie that has expired.
		 */
		len = ntohs(chunk->chunk_hdr->length);
		*errp = sctp_make_op_error_space(asoc, chunk, len);
		if (*errp) {
			suseconds_t usecs = ktime_to_us(ktime_sub(kt, bear_cookie->expiration));
			__be32 n = htonl(usecs);

			sctp_init_cause(*errp, SCTP_ERROR_STALE_COOKIE,
					sizeof(n));
			sctp_addto_chunk(*errp, sizeof(n), &n);
			*error = -SCTP_IERROR_STALE_COOKIE;
		} else
			*error = -SCTP_IERROR_NOMEM;

		goto fail;
	}

	/* Make a new base association.  */
	scope = sctp_scope(sctp_source(chunk));
	retval = sctp_association_new(ep, ep->base.sk, scope, gfp);
	if (!retval) {
		*error = -SCTP_IERROR_NOMEM;
		goto fail;
	}

	/* Set up our peer's port number.  */
	retval->peer.port = ntohs(chunk->sctp_hdr->source);

	/* Populate the association from the cookie.  */
	memcpy(&retval->c, bear_cookie, sizeof(*bear_cookie));

	if (sctp_assoc_set_bind_addr_from_cookie(retval, bear_cookie,
						 GFP_ATOMIC) < 0) {
		*error = -SCTP_IERROR_NOMEM;
		goto fail;
	}

	/* Also, add the destination address. */
	if (list_empty(&retval->base.bind_addr.address_list)) {
		sctp_add_bind_addr(&retval->base.bind_addr, &chunk->dest,
				   sizeof(chunk->dest), SCTP_ADDR_SRC,
				   GFP_ATOMIC);
	}

	retval->next_tsn = retval->c.initial_tsn;
	retval->ctsn_ack_point = retval->next_tsn - 1;
	retval->addip_serial = retval->c.initial_tsn;
	retval->adv_peer_ack_point = retval->ctsn_ack_point;
	retval->peer.prsctp_capable = retval->c.prsctp_capable;
	retval->peer.adaptation_ind = retval->c.adaptation_ind;

	/* The INIT stuff will be done by the side effects.  */
	return retval;

fail:
	if (retval)
		sctp_association_free(retval);

	return NULL;

malformed:
	/* Yikes!  The packet is either corrupt or deliberately
	 * malformed.
	 */
	*error = -SCTP_IERROR_MALFORMED;
	goto fail;
}

/********************************************************************
 * 3rd Level Abstractions
 ********************************************************************/

struct __sctp_missing {
	__be32 num_missing;
	__be16 type;
}  __packed;

/*
 * Report a missing mandatory parameter.
 */
static int sctp_process_missing_param(const struct sctp_association *asoc,
				      sctp_param_t paramtype,
				      struct sctp_chunk *chunk,
				      struct sctp_chunk **errp)
{
	struct __sctp_missing report;
	__u16 len;

	len = WORD_ROUND(sizeof(report));

	/* Make an ERROR chunk, preparing enough room for
	 * returning multiple unknown parameters.
	 */
	if (!*errp)
		*errp = sctp_make_op_error_space(asoc, chunk, len);

	if (*errp) {
		report.num_missing = htonl(1);
		report.type = paramtype;
		sctp_init_cause(*errp, SCTP_ERROR_MISS_PARAM,
				sizeof(report));
		sctp_addto_chunk(*errp, sizeof(report), &report);
	}

	/* Stop processing this chunk. */
	return 0;
}

/* Report an Invalid Mandatory Parameter.  */
static int sctp_process_inv_mandatory(const struct sctp_association *asoc,
				      struct sctp_chunk *chunk,
				      struct sctp_chunk **errp)
{
	/* Invalid Mandatory Parameter Error has no payload. */

	if (!*errp)
		*errp = sctp_make_op_error_space(asoc, chunk, 0);

	if (*errp)
		sctp_init_cause(*errp, SCTP_ERROR_INV_PARAM, 0);

	/* Stop processing this chunk. */
	return 0;
}

static int sctp_process_inv_paramlength(const struct sctp_association *asoc,
					struct sctp_paramhdr *param,
					const struct sctp_chunk *chunk,
					struct sctp_chunk **errp)
{
	/* This is a fatal error.  Any accumulated non-fatal errors are
	 * not reported.
	 */
	if (*errp)
		sctp_chunk_free(*errp);

	/* Create an error chunk and fill it in with our payload. */
	*errp = sctp_make_violation_paramlen(asoc, chunk, param);

	return 0;
}


/* Do not attempt to handle the HOST_NAME parm.  However, do
 * send back an indicator to the peer.
 */
static int sctp_process_hn_param(const struct sctp_association *asoc,
				 union sctp_params param,
				 struct sctp_chunk *chunk,
				 struct sctp_chunk **errp)
{
	__u16 len = ntohs(param.p->length);

	/* Processing of the HOST_NAME parameter will generate an
	 * ABORT.  If we've accumulated any non-fatal errors, they
	 * would be unrecognized parameters and we should not include
	 * them in the ABORT.
	 */
	if (*errp)
		sctp_chunk_free(*errp);

	*errp = sctp_make_op_error_space(asoc, chunk, len);

	if (*errp) {
		sctp_init_cause(*errp, SCTP_ERROR_DNS_FAILED, len);
		sctp_addto_chunk(*errp, len, param.v);
	}

	/* Stop processing this chunk. */
	return 0;
}

static int sctp_verify_ext_param(struct net *net, union sctp_params param)
{
	__u16 num_ext = ntohs(param.p->length) - sizeof(sctp_paramhdr_t);
	int have_auth = 0;
	int have_asconf = 0;
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < num_ext; i++) {
		switch (param.ext->chunks[i]) {
		case SCTP_CID_AUTH:
			have_auth = 1;
			break;
		case SCTP_CID_ASCONF:
		case SCTP_CID_ASCONF_ACK:
			have_asconf = 1;
			break;
		}
	}

	/* ADD-IP Security: The draft requires us to ABORT or ignore the
	 * INIT/INIT-ACK if ADD-IP is listed, but AUTH is not.  Do this
	 * only if ADD-IP is turned on and we are not backward-compatible
	 * mode.
	 */
	if (net->sctp.addip_noauth)
		return 1;

	if (net->sctp.addip_enable && !have_auth && have_asconf)
		return 0;

	return 1;
}

static void sctp_process_ext_param(struct sctp_association *asoc,
				    union sctp_params param)
{
	struct net *net = sock_net(asoc->base.sk);
	__u16 num_ext = ntohs(param.p->length) - sizeof(sctp_paramhdr_t);
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < num_ext; i++) {
		switch (param.ext->chunks[i]) {
		case SCTP_CID_FWD_TSN:
			if (asoc->prsctp_enable && !asoc->peer.prsctp_capable)
				asoc->peer.prsctp_capable = 1;
			break;
		case SCTP_CID_AUTH:
			/* if the peer reports AUTH, assume that he
			 * supports AUTH.
			 */
			if (asoc->ep->auth_enable)
				asoc->peer.auth_capable = 1;
			break;
		case SCTP_CID_ASCONF:
		case SCTP_CID_ASCONF_ACK:
			if (net->sctp.addip_enable)
				asoc->peer.asconf_capable = 1;
			break;
		default:
			break;
		}
	}
}

/* RFC 3.2.1 & the Implementers Guide 2.2.
 *
 * The Parameter Types are encoded such that the
 * highest-order two bits specify the action that must be
 * taken if the processing endpoint does not recognize the
 * Parameter Type.
 *
 * 00 - Stop processing this parameter; do not process any further
 * 	parameters within this chunk
 *
 * 01 - Stop processing this parameter, do not process any further
 *	parameters within this chunk, and report the unrecognized
 *	parameter in an 'Unrecognized Parameter' ERROR chunk.
 *
 * 10 - Skip this parameter and continue processing.
 *
 * 11 - Skip this parameter and continue processing but
 *	report the unrecognized parameter in an
 *	'Unrecognized Parameter' ERROR chunk.
 *
 * Return value:
 * 	SCTP_IERROR_NO_ERROR - continue with the chunk
 * 	SCTP_IERROR_ERROR    - stop and report an error.
 * 	SCTP_IERROR_NOMEME   - out of memory.
 */
static sctp_ierror_t sctp_process_unk_param(const struct sctp_association *asoc,
					    union sctp_params param,
					    struct sctp_chunk *chunk,
					    struct sctp_chunk **errp)
{
	int retval = SCTP_IERROR_NO_ERROR;

	switch (param.p->type & SCTP_PARAM_ACTION_MASK) {
	case SCTP_PARAM_ACTION_DISCARD:
		retval =  SCTP_IERROR_ERROR;
		break;
	case SCTP_PARAM_ACTION_SKIP:
		break;
	case SCTP_PARAM_ACTION_DISCARD_ERR:
		retval =  SCTP_IERROR_ERROR;
		/* Fall through */
	case SCTP_PARAM_ACTION_SKIP_ERR:
		/* Make an ERROR chunk, preparing enough room for
		 * returning multiple unknown parameters.
		 */
		if (NULL == *errp)
			*errp = sctp_make_op_error_fixed(asoc, chunk);

		if (*errp) {
			if (!sctp_init_cause_fixed(*errp, SCTP_ERROR_UNKNOWN_PARAM,
					WORD_ROUND(ntohs(param.p->length))))
				sctp_addto_chunk_fixed(*errp,
						WORD_ROUND(ntohs(param.p->length)),
						param.v);
		} else {
			/* If there is no memory for generating the ERROR
			 * report as specified, an ABORT will be triggered
			 * to the peer and the association won't be
			 * established.
			 */
			retval = SCTP_IERROR_NOMEM;
		}
		break;
	default:
		break;
	}

	return retval;
}

/* Verify variable length parameters
 * Return values:
 * 	SCTP_IERROR_ABORT - trigger an ABORT
 * 	SCTP_IERROR_NOMEM - out of memory (abort)
 *	SCTP_IERROR_ERROR - stop processing, trigger an ERROR
 * 	SCTP_IERROR_NO_ERROR - continue with the chunk
 */
static sctp_ierror_t sctp_verify_param(struct net *net,
					const struct sctp_endpoint *ep,
					const struct sctp_association *asoc,
					union sctp_params param,
					sctp_cid_t cid,
					struct sctp_chunk *chunk,
					struct sctp_chunk **err_chunk)
{
	struct sctp_hmac_algo_param *hmacs;
	int retval = SCTP_IERROR_NO_ERROR;
	__u16 n_elt, id = 0;
	int i;

	/* FIXME - This routine is not looking at each parameter per the
	 * chunk type, i.e., unrecognized parameters should be further
	 * identified based on the chunk id.
	 */

	switch (param.p->type) {
	case SCTP_PARAM_IPV4_ADDRESS:
	case SCTP_PARAM_IPV6_ADDRESS:
	case SCTP_PARAM_COOKIE_PRESERVATIVE:
	case SCTP_PARAM_SUPPORTED_ADDRESS_TYPES:
	case SCTP_PARAM_STATE_COOKIE:
	case SCTP_PARAM_HEARTBEAT_INFO:
	case SCTP_PARAM_UNRECOGNIZED_PARAMETERS:
	case SCTP_PARAM_ECN_CAPABLE:
	case SCTP_PARAM_ADAPTATION_LAYER_IND:
		break;

	case SCTP_PARAM_SUPPORTED_EXT:
		if (!sctp_verify_ext_param(net, param))
			return SCTP_IERROR_ABORT;
		break;

	case SCTP_PARAM_SET_PRIMARY:
		if (net->sctp.addip_enable)
			break;
		goto fallthrough;

	case SCTP_PARAM_HOST_NAME_ADDRESS:
		/* Tell the peer, we won't support this param.  */
		sctp_process_hn_param(asoc, param, chunk, err_chunk);
		retval = SCTP_IERROR_ABORT;
		break;

	case SCTP_PARAM_FWD_TSN_SUPPORT:
		if (ep->prsctp_enable)
			break;
		goto fallthrough;

	case SCTP_PARAM_RANDOM:
		if (!ep->auth_enable)
			goto fallthrough;

		/* SCTP-AUTH: Secion 6.1
		 * If the random number is not 32 byte long the association
		 * MUST be aborted.  The ABORT chunk SHOULD contain the error
		 * cause 'Protocol Violation'.
		 */
		if (SCTP_AUTH_RANDOM_LENGTH !=
			ntohs(param.p->length) - sizeof(sctp_paramhdr_t)) {
			sctp_process_inv_paramlength(asoc, param.p,
							chunk, err_chunk);
			retval = SCTP_IERROR_ABORT;
		}
		break;

	case SCTP_PARAM_CHUNKS:
		if (!ep->auth_enable)
			goto fallthrough;

		/* SCTP-AUTH: Section 3.2
		 * The CHUNKS parameter MUST be included once in the INIT or
		 *  INIT-ACK chunk if the sender wants to receive authenticated
		 *  chunks.  Its maximum length is 260 bytes.
		 */
		if (260 < ntohs(param.p->length)) {
			sctp_process_inv_paramlength(asoc, param.p,
						     chunk, err_chunk);
			retval = SCTP_IERROR_ABORT;
		}
		break;

	case SCTP_PARAM_HMAC_ALGO:
		if (!ep->auth_enable)
			goto fallthrough;

		hmacs = (struct sctp_hmac_algo_param *)param.p;
		n_elt = (ntohs(param.p->length) - sizeof(sctp_paramhdr_t)) >> 1;

		/* SCTP-AUTH: Section 6.1
		 * The HMAC algorithm based on SHA-1 MUST be supported and
		 * included in the HMAC-ALGO parameter.
		 */
		for (i = 0; i < n_elt; i++) {
			id = ntohs(hmacs->hmac_ids[i]);

			if (id == SCTP_AUTH_HMAC_ID_SHA1)
				break;
		}

		if (id != SCTP_AUTH_HMAC_ID_SHA1) {
			sctp_process_inv_paramlength(asoc, param.p, chunk,
						     err_chunk);
			retval = SCTP_IERROR_ABORT;
		}
		break;
fallthrough:
	default:
		pr_debug("%s: unrecognized param:%d for chunk:%d\n",
			 __func__, ntohs(param.p->type), cid);

		retval = sctp_process_unk_param(asoc, param, chunk, err_chunk);
		break;
	}
	return retval;
}

/* Verify the INIT packet before we process it.  */
int sctp_verify_init(struct net *net, const struct sctp_endpoint *ep,
		     const struct sctp_association *asoc, sctp_cid_t cid,
		     sctp_init_chunk_t *peer_init, struct sctp_chunk *chunk,
		     struct sctp_chunk **errp)
{
	union sctp_params param;
	bool has_cookie = false;
	int result;

	/* Check for missing mandatory parameters. Note: Initial TSN is
	 * also mandatory, but is not checked here since the valid range
	 * is 0..2**32-1. RFC4960, section 3.3.3.
	 */
	if (peer_init->init_hdr.num_outbound_streams == 0 ||
	    peer_init->init_hdr.num_inbound_streams == 0 ||
	    peer_init->init_hdr.init_tag == 0 ||
	    ntohl(peer_init->init_hdr.a_rwnd) < SCTP_DEFAULT_MINWINDOW)
		return sctp_process_inv_mandatory(asoc, chunk, errp);

	sctp_walk_params(param, peer_init, init_hdr.params) {
		if (param.p->type == SCTP_PARAM_STATE_COOKIE)
			has_cookie = true;
	}

	/* There is a possibility that a parameter length was bad and
	 * in that case we would have stoped walking the parameters.
	 * The current param.p would point at the bad one.
	 * Current consensus on the mailing list is to generate a PROTOCOL
	 * VIOLATION error.  We build the ERROR chunk here and let the normal
	 * error handling code build and send the packet.
	 */
	if (param.v != (void *)chunk->chunk_end)
		return sctp_process_inv_paramlength(asoc, param.p, chunk, errp);

	/* The only missing mandatory param possible today is
	 * the state cookie for an INIT-ACK chunk.
	 */
	if ((SCTP_CID_INIT_ACK == cid) && !has_cookie)
		return sctp_process_missing_param(asoc, SCTP_PARAM_STATE_COOKIE,
						  chunk, errp);

	/* Verify all the variable length parameters */
	sctp_walk_params(param, peer_init, init_hdr.params) {
		result = sctp_verify_param(net, ep, asoc, param, cid,
					   chunk, errp);
		switch (result) {
		case SCTP_IERROR_ABORT:
		case SCTP_IERROR_NOMEM:
			return 0;
		case SCTP_IERROR_ERROR:
			return 1;
		case SCTP_IERROR_NO_ERROR:
		default:
			break;
		}

	} /* for (loop through all parameters) */

	return 1;
}

/* Unpack the parameters in an INIT packet into an association.
 * Returns 0 on failure, else success.
 * FIXME:  This is an association method.
 */
int sctp_process_init(struct sctp_association *asoc, struct sctp_chunk *chunk,
		      const union sctp_addr *peer_addr,
		      sctp_init_chunk_t *peer_init, gfp_t gfp)
{
	struct net *net = sock_net(asoc->base.sk);
	union sctp_params param;
	struct sctp_transport *transport;
	struct list_head *pos, *temp;
	struct sctp_af *af;
	union sctp_addr addr;
	char *cookie;
	int src_match = 0;

	/* We must include the address that the INIT packet came from.
	 * This is the only address that matters for an INIT packet.
	 * When processing a COOKIE ECHO, we retrieve the from address
	 * of the INIT from the cookie.
	 */

	/* This implementation defaults to making the first transport
	 * added as the primary transport.  The source address seems to
	 * be a a better choice than any of the embedded addresses.
	 */
	if (!sctp_assoc_add_peer(asoc, peer_addr, gfp, SCTP_ACTIVE))
		goto nomem;

	if (sctp_cmp_addr_exact(sctp_source(chunk), peer_addr))
		src_match = 1;

	/* Process the initialization parameters.  */
	sctp_walk_params(param, peer_init, init_hdr.params) {
		if (!src_match && (param.p->type == SCTP_PARAM_IPV4_ADDRESS ||
		    param.p->type == SCTP_PARAM_IPV6_ADDRESS)) {
			af = sctp_get_af_specific(param_type2af(param.p->type));
			af->from_addr_param(&addr, param.addr,
					    chunk->sctp_hdr->source, 0);
			if (sctp_cmp_addr_exact(sctp_source(chunk), &addr))
				src_match = 1;
		}

		if (!sctp_process_param(asoc, param, peer_addr, gfp))
			goto clean_up;
	}

	/* source address of chunk may not match any valid address */
	if (!src_match)
		goto clean_up;

	/* AUTH: After processing the parameters, make sure that we
	 * have all the required info to potentially do authentications.
	 */
	if (asoc->peer.auth_capable && (!asoc->peer.peer_random ||
					!asoc->peer.peer_hmacs))
		asoc->peer.auth_capable = 0;

	/* In a non-backward compatible mode, if the peer claims
	 * support for ADD-IP but not AUTH,  the ADD-IP spec states
	 * that we MUST ABORT the association. Section 6.  The section
	 * also give us an option to silently ignore the packet, which
	 * is what we'll do here.
	 */
	if (!net->sctp.addip_noauth &&
	     (asoc->peer.asconf_capable && !asoc->peer.auth_capable)) {
		asoc->peer.addip_disabled_mask |= (SCTP_PARAM_ADD_IP |
						  SCTP_PARAM_DEL_IP |
						  SCTP_PARAM_SET_PRIMARY);
		asoc->peer.asconf_capable = 0;
		goto clean_up;
	}

	/* Walk list of transports, removing transports in the UNKNOWN state. */
	list_for_each_safe(pos, temp, &asoc->peer.transport_addr_list) {
		transport = list_entry(pos, struct sctp_transport, transports);
		if (transport->state == SCTP_UNKNOWN) {
			sctp_assoc_rm_peer(asoc, transport);
		}
	}

	/* The fixed INIT headers are always in network byte
	 * order.
	 */
	asoc->peer.i.init_tag =
		ntohl(peer_init->init_hdr.init_tag);
	asoc->peer.i.a_rwnd =
		ntohl(peer_init->init_hdr.a_rwnd);
	asoc->peer.i.num_outbound_streams =
		ntohs(peer_init->init_hdr.num_outbound_streams);
	asoc->peer.i.num_inbound_streams =
		ntohs(peer_init->init_hdr.num_inbound_streams);
	asoc->peer.i.initial_tsn =
		ntohl(peer_init->init_hdr.initial_tsn);

	/* Apply the upper bounds for output streams based on peer's
	 * number of inbound streams.
	 */
	if (asoc->c.sinit_num_ostreams  >
	    ntohs(peer_init->init_hdr.num_inbound_streams)) {
		asoc->c.sinit_num_ostreams =
			ntohs(peer_init->init_hdr.num_inbound_streams);
	}

	if (asoc->c.sinit_max_instreams >
	    ntohs(peer_init->init_hdr.num_outbound_streams)) {
		asoc->c.sinit_max_instreams =
			ntohs(peer_init->init_hdr.num_outbound_streams);
	}

	/* Copy Initiation tag from INIT to VT_peer in cookie.   */
	asoc->c.peer_vtag = asoc->peer.i.init_tag;

	/* Peer Rwnd   : Current calculated value of the peer's rwnd.  */
	asoc->peer.rwnd = asoc->peer.i.a_rwnd;

	/* Copy cookie in case we need to resend COOKIE-ECHO. */
	cookie = asoc->peer.cookie;
	if (cookie) {
		asoc->peer.cookie = kmemdup(cookie, asoc->peer.cookie_len, gfp);
		if (!asoc->peer.cookie)
			goto clean_up;
	}

	/* RFC 2960 7.2.1 The initial value of ssthresh MAY be arbitrarily
	 * high (for example, implementations MAY use the size of the receiver
	 * advertised window).
	 */
	list_for_each_entry(transport, &asoc->peer.transport_addr_list,
			transports) {
		transport->ssthresh = asoc->peer.i.a_rwnd;
	}

	/* Set up the TSN tracking pieces.  */
	if (!sctp_tsnmap_init(&asoc->peer.tsn_map, SCTP_TSN_MAP_INITIAL,
				asoc->peer.i.initial_tsn, gfp))
		goto clean_up;

	/* RFC 2960 6.5 Stream Identifier and Stream Sequence Number
	 *
	 * The stream sequence number in all the streams shall start
	 * from 0 when the association is established.  Also, when the
	 * stream sequence number reaches the value 65535 the next
	 * stream sequence number shall be set to 0.
	 */

	/* Allocate storage for the negotiated streams if it is not a temporary
	 * association.
	 */
	if (!asoc->temp) {
		int error;

		asoc->ssnmap = sctp_ssnmap_new(asoc->c.sinit_max_instreams,
					       asoc->c.sinit_num_ostreams, gfp);
		if (!asoc->ssnmap)
			goto clean_up;

		error = sctp_assoc_set_id(asoc, gfp);
		if (error)
			goto clean_up;
	}

	/* ADDIP Section 4.1 ASCONF Chunk Procedures
	 *
	 * When an endpoint has an ASCONF signaled change to be sent to the
	 * remote endpoint it should do the following:
	 * ...
	 * A2) A serial number should be assigned to the Chunk. The serial
	 * number should be a monotonically increasing number. All serial
	 * numbers are defined to be initialized at the start of the
	 * association to the same value as the Initial TSN.
	 */
	asoc->peer.addip_serial = asoc->peer.i.initial_tsn - 1;
	return 1;

clean_up:
	/* Release the transport structures. */
	list_for_each_safe(pos, temp, &asoc->peer.transport_addr_list) {
		transport = list_entry(pos, struct sctp_transport, transports);
		if (transport->state != SCTP_ACTIVE)
			sctp_assoc_rm_peer(asoc, transport);
	}

nomem:
	return 0;
}


/* Update asoc with the option described in param.
 *
 * RFC2960 3.3.2.1 Optional/Variable Length Parameters in INIT
 *
 * asoc is the association to update.
 * param is the variable length parameter to use for update.
 * cid tells us if this is an INIT, INIT ACK or COOKIE ECHO.
 * If the current packet is an INIT we want to minimize the amount of
 * work we do.  In particular, we should not build transport
 * structures for the addresses.
 */
static int sctp_process_param(struct sctp_association *asoc,
			      union sctp_params param,
			      const union sctp_addr *peer_addr,
			      gfp_t gfp)
{
	struct net *net = sock_net(asoc->base.sk);
	union sctp_addr addr;
	int i;
	__u16 sat;
	int retval = 1;
	sctp_scope_t scope;
	u32 stale;
	struct sctp_af *af;
	union sctp_addr_param *addr_param;
	struct sctp_transport *t;
	struct sctp_endpoint *ep = asoc->ep;

	/* We maintain all INIT parameters in network byte order all the
	 * time.  This allows us to not worry about whether the parameters
	 * came from a fresh INIT, and INIT ACK, or were stored in a cookie.
	 */
	switch (param.p->type) {
	case SCTP_PARAM_IPV6_ADDRESS:
		if (PF_INET6 != asoc->base.sk->sk_family)
			break;
		goto do_addr_param;

	case SCTP_PARAM_IPV4_ADDRESS:
		/* v4 addresses are not allowed on v6-only socket */
		if (ipv6_only_sock(asoc->base.sk))
			break;
do_addr_param:
		af = sctp_get_af_specific(param_type2af(param.p->type));
		af->from_addr_param(&addr, param.addr, htons(asoc->peer.port), 0);
		scope = sctp_scope(peer_addr);
		if (sctp_in_scope(net, &addr, scope))
			if (!sctp_assoc_add_peer(asoc, &addr, gfp, SCTP_UNCONFIRMED))
				return 0;
		break;

	case SCTP_PARAM_COOKIE_PRESERVATIVE:
		if (!net->sctp.cookie_preserve_enable)
			break;

		stale = ntohl(param.life->lifespan_increment);

		/* Suggested Cookie Life span increment's unit is msec,
		 * (1/1000sec).
		 */
		asoc->cookie_life = ktime_add_ms(asoc->cookie_life, stale);
		break;

	case SCTP_PARAM_HOST_NAME_ADDRESS:
		pr_debug("%s: unimplemented SCTP_HOST_NAME_ADDRESS\n", __func__);
		break;

	case SCTP_PARAM_SUPPORTED_ADDRESS_TYPES:
		/* Turn off the default values first so we'll know which
		 * ones are really set by the peer.
		 */
		asoc->peer.ipv4_address = 0;
		asoc->peer.ipv6_address = 0;

		/* Assume that peer supports the address family
		 * by which it sends a packet.
		 */
		if (peer_addr->sa.sa_family == AF_INET6)
			asoc->peer.ipv6_address = 1;
		else if (peer_addr->sa.sa_family == AF_INET)
			asoc->peer.ipv4_address = 1;

		/* Cycle through address types; avoid divide by 0. */
		sat = ntohs(param.p->length) - sizeof(sctp_paramhdr_t);
		if (sat)
			sat /= sizeof(__u16);

		for (i = 0; i < sat; ++i) {
			switch (param.sat->types[i]) {
			case SCTP_PARAM_IPV4_ADDRESS:
				asoc->peer.ipv4_address = 1;
				break;

			case SCTP_PARAM_IPV6_ADDRESS:
				if (PF_INET6 == asoc->base.sk->sk_family)
					asoc->peer.ipv6_address = 1;
				break;

			case SCTP_PARAM_HOST_NAME_ADDRESS:
				asoc->peer.hostname_address = 1;
				break;

			default: /* Just ignore anything else.  */
				break;
			}
		}
		break;

	case SCTP_PARAM_STATE_COOKIE:
		asoc->peer.cookie_len =
			ntohs(param.p->length) - sizeof(sctp_paramhdr_t);
		asoc->peer.cookie = param.cookie->body;
		break;

	case SCTP_PARAM_HEARTBEAT_INFO:
		/* Would be odd to receive, but it causes no problems. */
		break;

	case SCTP_PARAM_UNRECOGNIZED_PARAMETERS:
		/* Rejected during verify stage. */
		break;

	case SCTP_PARAM_ECN_CAPABLE:
		asoc->peer.ecn_capable = 1;
		break;

	case SCTP_PARAM_ADAPTATION_LAYER_IND:
		asoc->peer.adaptation_ind = ntohl(param.aind->adaptation_ind);
		break;

	case SCTP_PARAM_SET_PRIMARY:
		if (!net->sctp.addip_enable)
			goto fall_through;

		addr_param = param.v + sizeof(sctp_addip_param_t);

		af = sctp_get_af_specific(param_type2af(addr_param->p.type));
		if (af == NULL)
			break;

		af->from_addr_param(&addr, addr_param,
				    htons(asoc->peer.port), 0);

		/* if the address is invalid, we can't process it.
		 * XXX: see spec for what to do.
		 */
		if (!af->addr_valid(&addr, NULL, NULL))
			break;

		t = sctp_assoc_lookup_paddr(asoc, &addr);
		if (!t)
			break;

		sctp_assoc_set_primary(asoc, t);
		break;

	case SCTP_PARAM_SUPPORTED_EXT:
		sctp_process_ext_param(asoc, param);
		break;

	case SCTP_PARAM_FWD_TSN_SUPPORT:
		if (asoc->prsctp_enable) {
			asoc->peer.prsctp_capable = 1;
			break;
		}
		/* Fall Through */
		goto fall_through;

	case SCTP_PARAM_RANDOM:
		if (!ep->auth_enable)
			goto fall_through;

		/* Save peer's random parameter */
		asoc->peer.peer_random = kmemdup(param.p,
					    ntohs(param.p->length), gfp);
		if (!asoc->peer.peer_random) {
			retval = 0;
			break;
		}
		break;

	case SCTP_PARAM_HMAC_ALGO:
		if (!ep->auth_enable)
			goto fall_through;

		/* Save peer's HMAC list */
		asoc->peer.peer_hmacs = kmemdup(param.p,
					    ntohs(param.p->length), gfp);
		if (!asoc->peer.peer_hmacs) {
			retval = 0;
			break;
		}

		/* Set the default HMAC the peer requested*/
		sctp_auth_asoc_set_default_hmac(asoc, param.hmac_algo);
		break;

	case SCTP_PARAM_CHUNKS:
		if (!ep->auth_enable)
			goto fall_through;

		asoc->peer.peer_chunks = kmemdup(param.p,
					    ntohs(param.p->length), gfp);
		if (!asoc->peer.peer_chunks)
			retval = 0;
		break;
fall_through:
	default:
		/* Any unrecognized parameters should have been caught
		 * and handled by sctp_verify_param() which should be
		 * called prior to this routine.  Simply log the error
		 * here.
		 */
		pr_debug("%s: ignoring param:%d for association:%p.\n",
			 __func__, ntohs(param.p->type), asoc);
		break;
	}

	return retval;
}

/* Select a new verification tag.  */
__u32 sctp_generate_tag(const struct sctp_endpoint *ep)
{
	/* I believe that this random number generator complies with RFC1750.
	 * A tag of 0 is reserved for special cases (e.g. INIT).
	 */
	__u32 x;

	do {
		get_random_bytes(&x, sizeof(__u32));
	} while (x == 0);

	return x;
}

/* Select an initial TSN to send during startup.  */
__u32 sctp_generate_tsn(const struct sctp_endpoint *ep)
{
	__u32 retval;

	get_random_bytes(&retval, sizeof(__u32));
	return retval;
}

/*
 * ADDIP 3.1.1 Address Configuration Change Chunk (ASCONF)
 *      0                   1                   2                   3
 *      0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
 *     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *     | Type = 0xC1   |  Chunk Flags  |      Chunk Length             |
 *     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *     |                       Serial Number                           |
 *     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *     |                    Address Parameter                          |
 *     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *     |                     ASCONF Parameter #1                       |
 *     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *     \                                                               \
 *     /                             ....                              /
 *     \                                                               \
 *     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *     |                     ASCONF Parameter #N                       |
 *      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *
 * Address Parameter and other parameter will not be wrapped in this function
 */
static struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_asconf(struct sctp_association *asoc,
					   union sctp_addr *addr,
					   int vparam_len)
{
	sctp_addiphdr_t asconf;
	struct sctp_chunk *retval;
	int length = sizeof(asconf) + vparam_len;
	union sctp_addr_param addrparam;
	int addrlen;
	struct sctp_af *af = sctp_get_af_specific(addr->v4.sin_family);

	addrlen = af->to_addr_param(addr, &addrparam);
	if (!addrlen)
		return NULL;
	length += addrlen;

	/* Create the chunk.  */
	retval = sctp_make_control(asoc, SCTP_CID_ASCONF, 0, length,
				   GFP_ATOMIC);
	if (!retval)
		return NULL;

	asconf.serial = htonl(asoc->addip_serial++);

	retval->subh.addip_hdr =
		sctp_addto_chunk(retval, sizeof(asconf), &asconf);
	retval->param_hdr.v =
		sctp_addto_chunk(retval, addrlen, &addrparam);

	return retval;
}

/* ADDIP
 * 3.2.1 Add IP Address
 * 	0                   1                   2                   3
 * 	0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
 *     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *     |        Type = 0xC001          |    Length = Variable          |
 *     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *     |               ASCONF-Request Correlation ID                   |
 *     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *     |                       Address Parameter                       |
 *     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *
 * 3.2.2 Delete IP Address
 * 	0                   1                   2                   3
 * 	0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
 *     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *     |        Type = 0xC002          |    Length = Variable          |
 *     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *     |               ASCONF-Request Correlation ID                   |
 *     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *     |                       Address Parameter                       |
 *     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *
 */
struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_asconf_update_ip(struct sctp_association *asoc,
					      union sctp_addr	      *laddr,
					      struct sockaddr	      *addrs,
					      int		      addrcnt,
					      __be16		      flags)
{
	sctp_addip_param_t	param;
	struct sctp_chunk	*retval;
	union sctp_addr_param	addr_param;
	union sctp_addr		*addr;
	void			*addr_buf;
	struct sctp_af		*af;
	int			paramlen = sizeof(param);
	int			addr_param_len = 0;
	int 			totallen = 0;
	int 			i;
	int			del_pickup = 0;

	/* Get total length of all the address parameters. */
	addr_buf = addrs;
	for (i = 0; i < addrcnt; i++) {
		addr = addr_buf;
		af = sctp_get_af_specific(addr->v4.sin_family);
		addr_param_len = af->to_addr_param(addr, &addr_param);

		totallen += paramlen;
		totallen += addr_param_len;

		addr_buf += af->sockaddr_len;
		if (asoc->asconf_addr_del_pending && !del_pickup) {
			/* reuse the parameter length from the same scope one */
			totallen += paramlen;
			totallen += addr_param_len;
			del_pickup = 1;

			pr_debug("%s: picked same-scope del_pending addr, "
				 "totallen for all addresses is %d\n",
				 __func__, totallen);
		}
	}

	/* Create an asconf chunk with the required length. */
	retval = sctp_make_asconf(asoc, laddr, totallen);
	if (!retval)
		return NULL;

	/* Add the address parameters to the asconf chunk. */
	addr_buf = addrs;
	for (i = 0; i < addrcnt; i++) {
		addr = addr_buf;
		af = sctp_get_af_specific(addr->v4.sin_family);
		addr_param_len = af->to_addr_param(addr, &addr_param);
		param.param_hdr.type = flags;
		param.param_hdr.length = htons(paramlen + addr_param_len);
		param.crr_id = i;

		sctp_addto_chunk(retval, paramlen, &param);
		sctp_addto_chunk(retval, addr_param_len, &addr_param);

		addr_buf += af->sockaddr_len;
	}
	if (flags == SCTP_PARAM_ADD_IP && del_pickup) {
		addr = asoc->asconf_addr_del_pending;
		af = sctp_get_af_specific(addr->v4.sin_family);
		addr_param_len = af->to_addr_param(addr, &addr_param);
		param.param_hdr.type = SCTP_PARAM_DEL_IP;
		param.param_hdr.length = htons(paramlen + addr_param_len);
		param.crr_id = i;

		sctp_addto_chunk(retval, paramlen, &param);
		sctp_addto_chunk(retval, addr_param_len, &addr_param);
	}
	return retval;
}

/* ADDIP
 * 3.2.4 Set Primary IP Address
 *	0                   1                   2                   3
 *	0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
 *     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *     |        Type =0xC004           |    Length = Variable          |
 *     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *     |               ASCONF-Request Correlation ID                   |
 *     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *     |                       Address Parameter                       |
 *     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *
 * Create an ASCONF chunk with Set Primary IP address parameter.
 */
struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_asconf_set_prim(struct sctp_association *asoc,
					     union sctp_addr *addr)
{
	sctp_addip_param_t	param;
	struct sctp_chunk 	*retval;
	int 			len = sizeof(param);
	union sctp_addr_param	addrparam;
	int			addrlen;
	struct sctp_af		*af = sctp_get_af_specific(addr->v4.sin_family);

	addrlen = af->to_addr_param(addr, &addrparam);
	if (!addrlen)
		return NULL;
	len += addrlen;

	/* Create the chunk and make asconf header. */
	retval = sctp_make_asconf(asoc, addr, len);
	if (!retval)
		return NULL;

	param.param_hdr.type = SCTP_PARAM_SET_PRIMARY;
	param.param_hdr.length = htons(len);
	param.crr_id = 0;

	sctp_addto_chunk(retval, sizeof(param), &param);
	sctp_addto_chunk(retval, addrlen, &addrparam);

	return retval;
}

/* ADDIP 3.1.2 Address Configuration Acknowledgement Chunk (ASCONF-ACK)
 *      0                   1                   2                   3
 *      0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
 *     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *     | Type = 0x80   |  Chunk Flags  |      Chunk Length             |
 *     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *     |                       Serial Number                           |
 *     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *     |                 ASCONF Parameter Response#1                   |
 *     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *     \                                                               \
 *     /                             ....                              /
 *     \                                                               \
 *     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *     |                 ASCONF Parameter Response#N                   |
 *     +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
 *
 * Create an ASCONF_ACK chunk with enough space for the parameter responses.
 */
static struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_asconf_ack(const struct sctp_association *asoc,
					       __u32 serial, int vparam_len)
{
	sctp_addiphdr_t		asconf;
	struct sctp_chunk	*retval;
	int			length = sizeof(asconf) + vparam_len;

	/* Create the chunk.  */
	retval = sctp_make_control(asoc, SCTP_CID_ASCONF_ACK, 0, length,
				   GFP_ATOMIC);
	if (!retval)
		return NULL;

	asconf.serial = htonl(serial);

	retval->subh.addip_hdr =
		sctp_addto_chunk(retval, sizeof(asconf), &asconf);

	return retval;
}

/* Add response parameters to an ASCONF_ACK chunk. */
static void sctp_add_asconf_response(struct sctp_chunk *chunk, __be32 crr_id,
			      __be16 err_code, sctp_addip_param_t *asconf_param)
{
	sctp_addip_param_t 	ack_param;
	sctp_errhdr_t		err_param;
	int			asconf_param_len = 0;
	int			err_param_len = 0;
	__be16			response_type;

	if (SCTP_ERROR_NO_ERROR == err_code) {
		response_type = SCTP_PARAM_SUCCESS_REPORT;
	} else {
		response_type = SCTP_PARAM_ERR_CAUSE;
		err_param_len = sizeof(err_param);
		if (asconf_param)
			asconf_param_len =
				 ntohs(asconf_param->param_hdr.length);
	}

	/* Add Success Indication or Error Cause Indication parameter. */
	ack_param.param_hdr.type = response_type;
	ack_param.param_hdr.length = htons(sizeof(ack_param) +
					   err_param_len +
					   asconf_param_len);
	ack_param.crr_id = crr_id;
	sctp_addto_chunk(chunk, sizeof(ack_param), &ack_param);

	if (SCTP_ERROR_NO_ERROR == err_code)
		return;

	/* Add Error Cause parameter. */
	err_param.cause = err_code;
	err_param.length = htons(err_param_len + asconf_param_len);
	sctp_addto_chunk(chunk, err_param_len, &err_param);

	/* Add the failed TLV copied from ASCONF chunk. */
	if (asconf_param)
		sctp_addto_chunk(chunk, asconf_param_len, asconf_param);
}

/* Process a asconf parameter. */
static __be16 sctp_process_asconf_param(struct sctp_association *asoc,
				       struct sctp_chunk *asconf,
				       sctp_addip_param_t *asconf_param)
{
	struct sctp_transport *peer;
	struct sctp_af *af;
	union sctp_addr	addr;
	union sctp_addr_param *addr_param;

	addr_param = (void *)asconf_param + sizeof(sctp_addip_param_t);

	if (asconf_param->param_hdr.type != SCTP_PARAM_ADD_IP &&
	    asconf_param->param_hdr.type != SCTP_PARAM_DEL_IP &&
	    asconf_param->param_hdr.type != SCTP_PARAM_SET_PRIMARY)
		return SCTP_ERROR_UNKNOWN_PARAM;

	switch (addr_param->p.type) {
	case SCTP_PARAM_IPV6_ADDRESS:
		if (!asoc->peer.ipv6_address)
			return SCTP_ERROR_DNS_FAILED;
		break;
	case SCTP_PARAM_IPV4_ADDRESS:
		if (!asoc->peer.ipv4_address)
			return SCTP_ERROR_DNS_FAILED;
		break;
	default:
		return SCTP_ERROR_DNS_FAILED;
	}

	af = sctp_get_af_specific(param_type2af(addr_param->p.type));
	if (unlikely(!af))
		return SCTP_ERROR_DNS_FAILED;

	af->from_addr_param(&addr, addr_param, htons(asoc->peer.port), 0);

	/* ADDIP 4.2.1  This parameter MUST NOT contain a broadcast
	 * or multicast address.
	 * (note: wildcard is permitted and requires special handling so
	 *  make sure we check for that)
	 */
	if (!af->is_any(&addr) && !af->addr_valid(&addr, NULL, asconf->skb))
		return SCTP_ERROR_DNS_FAILED;

	switch (asconf_param->param_hdr.type) {
	case SCTP_PARAM_ADD_IP:
		/* Section 4.2.1:
		 * If the address 0.0.0.0 or ::0 is provided, the source
		 * address of the packet MUST be added.
		 */
		if (af->is_any(&addr))
			memcpy(&addr, &asconf->source, sizeof(addr));

		/* ADDIP 4.3 D9) If an endpoint receives an ADD IP address
		 * request and does not have the local resources to add this
		 * new address to the association, it MUST return an Error
		 * Cause TLV set to the new error code 'Operation Refused
		 * Due to Resource Shortage'.
		 */

		peer = sctp_assoc_add_peer(asoc, &addr, GFP_ATOMIC, SCTP_UNCONFIRMED);
		if (!peer)
			return SCTP_ERROR_RSRC_LOW;

		/* Start the heartbeat timer. */
		sctp_transport_reset_hb_timer(peer);
		asoc->new_transport = peer;
		break;
	case SCTP_PARAM_DEL_IP:
		/* ADDIP 4.3 D7) If a request is received to delete the
		 * last remaining IP address of a peer endpoint, the receiver
		 * MUST send an Error Cause TLV with the error cause set to the
		 * new error code 'Request to Delete Last Remaining IP Address'.
		 */
		if (asoc->peer.transport_count == 1)
			return SCTP_ERROR_DEL_LAST_IP;

		/* ADDIP 4.3 D8) If a request is received to delete an IP
		 * address which is also the source address of the IP packet
		 * which contained the ASCONF chunk, the receiver MUST reject
		 * this request. To reject the request the receiver MUST send
		 * an Error Cause TLV set to the new error code 'Request to
		 * Delete Source IP Address'
		 */
		if (sctp_cmp_addr_exact(&asconf->source, &addr))
			return SCTP_ERROR_DEL_SRC_IP;

		/* Section 4.2.2
		 * If the address 0.0.0.0 or ::0 is provided, all
		 * addresses of the peer except	the source address of the
		 * packet MUST be deleted.
		 */
		if (af->is_any(&addr)) {
			sctp_assoc_set_primary(asoc, asconf->transport);
			sctp_assoc_del_nonprimary_peers(asoc,
							asconf->transport);
			return SCTP_ERROR_NO_ERROR;
		}

		/* If the address is not part of the association, the
		 * ASCONF-ACK with Error Cause Indication Parameter
		 * which including cause of Unresolvable Address should
		 * be sent.
		 */
		peer = sctp_assoc_lookup_paddr(asoc, &addr);
		if (!peer)
			return SCTP_ERROR_DNS_FAILED;

		sctp_assoc_rm_peer(asoc, peer);
		break;
	case SCTP_PARAM_SET_PRIMARY:
		/* ADDIP Section 4.2.4
		 * If the address 0.0.0.0 or ::0 is provided, the receiver
		 * MAY mark the source address of the packet as its
		 * primary.
		 */
		if (af->is_any(&addr))
			memcpy(&addr.v4, sctp_source(asconf), sizeof(addr));

		peer = sctp_assoc_lookup_paddr(asoc, &addr);
		if (!peer)
			return SCTP_ERROR_DNS_FAILED;

		sctp_assoc_set_primary(asoc, peer);
		break;
	}

	return SCTP_ERROR_NO_ERROR;
}

/* Verify the ASCONF packet before we process it. */
bool sctp_verify_asconf(const struct sctp_association *asoc,
			struct sctp_chunk *chunk, bool addr_param_needed,
			struct sctp_paramhdr **errp)
{
	sctp_addip_chunk_t *addip = (sctp_addip_chunk_t *) chunk->chunk_hdr;
	union sctp_params param;
	bool addr_param_seen = false;

	sctp_walk_params(param, addip, addip_hdr.params) {
		size_t length = ntohs(param.p->length);

		*errp = param.p;
		switch (param.p->type) {
		case SCTP_PARAM_ERR_CAUSE:
			break;
		case SCTP_PARAM_IPV4_ADDRESS:
			if (length != sizeof(sctp_ipv4addr_param_t))
				return false;
			/* ensure there is only one addr param and it's in the
			 * beginning of addip_hdr params, or we reject it.
			 */
			if (param.v != addip->addip_hdr.params)
				return false;
			addr_param_seen = true;
			break;
		case SCTP_PARAM_IPV6_ADDRESS:
			if (length != sizeof(sctp_ipv6addr_param_t))
				return false;
			if (param.v != addip->addip_hdr.params)
				return false;
			addr_param_seen = true;
			break;
		case SCTP_PARAM_ADD_IP:
		case SCTP_PARAM_DEL_IP:
		case SCTP_PARAM_SET_PRIMARY:
			/* In ASCONF chunks, these need to be first. */
			if (addr_param_needed && !addr_param_seen)
				return false;
			length = ntohs(param.addip->param_hdr.length);
			if (length < sizeof(sctp_addip_param_t) +
				     sizeof(sctp_paramhdr_t))
				return false;
			break;
		case SCTP_PARAM_SUCCESS_REPORT:
		case SCTP_PARAM_ADAPTATION_LAYER_IND:
			if (length != sizeof(sctp_addip_param_t))
				return false;
			break;
		default:
			/* This is unkown to us, reject! */
			return false;
		}
	}

	/* Remaining sanity checks. */
	if (addr_param_needed && !addr_param_seen)
		return false;
	if (!addr_param_needed && addr_param_seen)
		return false;
	if (param.v != chunk->chunk_end)
		return false;

	return true;
}

/* Process an incoming ASCONF chunk with the next expected serial no. and
 * return an ASCONF_ACK chunk to be sent in response.
 */
struct sctp_chunk *sctp_process_asconf(struct sctp_association *asoc,
				       struct sctp_chunk *asconf)
{
	sctp_addip_chunk_t *addip = (sctp_addip_chunk_t *) asconf->chunk_hdr;
	bool all_param_pass = true;
	union sctp_params param;
	sctp_addiphdr_t		*hdr;
	union sctp_addr_param	*addr_param;
	sctp_addip_param_t	*asconf_param;
	struct sctp_chunk	*asconf_ack;
	__be16	err_code;
	int	length = 0;
	int	chunk_len;
	__u32	serial;

	chunk_len = ntohs(asconf->chunk_hdr->length) - sizeof(sctp_chunkhdr_t);
	hdr = (sctp_addiphdr_t *)asconf->skb->data;
	serial = ntohl(hdr->serial);

	/* Skip the addiphdr and store a pointer to address parameter.  */
	length = sizeof(sctp_addiphdr_t);
	addr_param = (union sctp_addr_param *)(asconf->skb->data + length);
	chunk_len -= length;

	/* Skip the address parameter and store a pointer to the first
	 * asconf parameter.
	 */
	length = ntohs(addr_param->p.length);
	asconf_param = (void *)addr_param + length;
	chunk_len -= length;

	/* create an ASCONF_ACK chunk.
	 * Based on the definitions of parameters, we know that the size of
	 * ASCONF_ACK parameters are less than or equal to the fourfold of ASCONF
	 * parameters.
	 */
	asconf_ack = sctp_make_asconf_ack(asoc, serial, chunk_len * 4);
	if (!asconf_ack)
		goto done;

	/* Process the TLVs contained within the ASCONF chunk. */
	sctp_walk_params(param, addip, addip_hdr.params) {
		/* Skip preceeding address parameters. */
		if (param.p->type == SCTP_PARAM_IPV4_ADDRESS ||
		    param.p->type == SCTP_PARAM_IPV6_ADDRESS)
			continue;

		err_code = sctp_process_asconf_param(asoc, asconf,
						     param.addip);
		/* ADDIP 4.1 A7)
		 * If an error response is received for a TLV parameter,
		 * all TLVs with no response before the failed TLV are
		 * considered successful if not reported.  All TLVs after
		 * the failed response are considered unsuccessful unless
		 * a specific success indication is present for the parameter.
		 */
		if (err_code != SCTP_ERROR_NO_ERROR)
			all_param_pass = false;
		if (!all_param_pass)
			sctp_add_asconf_response(asconf_ack, param.addip->crr_id,
						 err_code, param.addip);

		/* ADDIP 4.3 D11) When an endpoint receiving an ASCONF to add
		 * an IP address sends an 'Out of Resource' in its response, it
		 * MUST also fail any subsequent add or delete requests bundled
		 * in the ASCONF.
		 */
		if (err_code == SCTP_ERROR_RSRC_LOW)
			goto done;
	}
done:
	asoc->peer.addip_serial++;

	/* If we are sending a new ASCONF_ACK hold a reference to it in assoc
	 * after freeing the reference to old asconf ack if any.
	 */
	if (asconf_ack) {
		sctp_chunk_hold(asconf_ack);
		list_add_tail(&asconf_ack->transmitted_list,
			      &asoc->asconf_ack_list);
	}

	return asconf_ack;
}

/* Process a asconf parameter that is successfully acked. */
static void sctp_asconf_param_success(struct sctp_association *asoc,
				     sctp_addip_param_t *asconf_param)
{
	struct sctp_af *af;
	union sctp_addr	addr;
	struct sctp_bind_addr *bp = &asoc->base.bind_addr;
	union sctp_addr_param *addr_param;
	struct sctp_transport *transport;
	struct sctp_sockaddr_entry *saddr;

	addr_param = (void *)asconf_param + sizeof(sctp_addip_param_t);

	/* We have checked the packet before, so we do not check again.	*/
	af = sctp_get_af_specific(param_type2af(addr_param->p.type));
	af->from_addr_param(&addr, addr_param, htons(bp->port), 0);

	switch (asconf_param->param_hdr.type) {
	case SCTP_PARAM_ADD_IP:
		/* This is always done in BH context with a socket lock
		 * held, so the list can not change.
		 */
		local_bh_disable();
		list_for_each_entry(saddr, &bp->address_list, list) {
			if (sctp_cmp_addr_exact(&saddr->a, &addr))
				saddr->state = SCTP_ADDR_SRC;
		}
		local_bh_enable();
		list_for_each_entry(transport, &asoc->peer.transport_addr_list,
				transports) {
			dst_release(transport->dst);
			transport->dst = NULL;
		}
		break;
	case SCTP_PARAM_DEL_IP:
		local_bh_disable();
		sctp_del_bind_addr(bp, &addr);
		if (asoc->asconf_addr_del_pending != NULL &&
		    sctp_cmp_addr_exact(asoc->asconf_addr_del_pending, &addr)) {
			kfree(asoc->asconf_addr_del_pending);
			asoc->asconf_addr_del_pending = NULL;
		}
		local_bh_enable();
		list_for_each_entry(transport, &asoc->peer.transport_addr_list,
				transports) {
			dst_release(transport->dst);
			transport->dst = NULL;
		}
		break;
	default:
		break;
	}
}

/* Get the corresponding ASCONF response error code from the ASCONF_ACK chunk
 * for the given asconf parameter.  If there is no response for this parameter,
 * return the error code based on the third argument 'no_err'.
 * ADDIP 4.1
 * A7) If an error response is received for a TLV parameter, all TLVs with no
 * response before the failed TLV are considered successful if not reported.
 * All TLVs after the failed response are considered unsuccessful unless a
 * specific success indication is present for the parameter.
 */
static __be16 sctp_get_asconf_response(struct sctp_chunk *asconf_ack,
				      sctp_addip_param_t *asconf_param,
				      int no_err)
{
	sctp_addip_param_t	*asconf_ack_param;
	sctp_errhdr_t		*err_param;
	int			length;
	int			asconf_ack_len;
	__be16			err_code;

	if (no_err)
		err_code = SCTP_ERROR_NO_ERROR;
	else
		err_code = SCTP_ERROR_REQ_REFUSED;

	asconf_ack_len = ntohs(asconf_ack->chunk_hdr->length) -
			     sizeof(sctp_chunkhdr_t);

	/* Skip the addiphdr from the asconf_ack chunk and store a pointer to
	 * the first asconf_ack parameter.
	 */
	length = sizeof(sctp_addiphdr_t);
	asconf_ack_param = (sctp_addip_param_t *)(asconf_ack->skb->data +
						  length);
	asconf_ack_len -= length;

	while (asconf_ack_len > 0) {
		if (asconf_ack_param->crr_id == asconf_param->crr_id) {
			switch (asconf_ack_param->param_hdr.type) {
			case SCTP_PARAM_SUCCESS_REPORT:
				return SCTP_ERROR_NO_ERROR;
			case SCTP_PARAM_ERR_CAUSE:
				length = sizeof(sctp_addip_param_t);
				err_param = (void *)asconf_ack_param + length;
				asconf_ack_len -= length;
				if (asconf_ack_len > 0)
					return err_param->cause;
				else
					return SCTP_ERROR_INV_PARAM;
				break;
			default:
				return SCTP_ERROR_INV_PARAM;
			}
		}

		length = ntohs(asconf_ack_param->param_hdr.length);
		asconf_ack_param = (void *)asconf_ack_param + length;
		asconf_ack_len -= length;
	}

	return err_code;
}

/* Process an incoming ASCONF_ACK chunk against the cached last ASCONF chunk. */
int sctp_process_asconf_ack(struct sctp_association *asoc,
			    struct sctp_chunk *asconf_ack)
{
	struct sctp_chunk	*asconf = asoc->addip_last_asconf;
	union sctp_addr_param	*addr_param;
	sctp_addip_param_t	*asconf_param;
	int	length = 0;
	int	asconf_len = asconf->skb->len;
	int	all_param_pass = 0;
	int	no_err = 1;
	int	retval = 0;
	__be16	err_code = SCTP_ERROR_NO_ERROR;

	/* Skip the chunkhdr and addiphdr from the last asconf sent and store
	 * a pointer to address parameter.
	 */
	length = sizeof(sctp_addip_chunk_t);
	addr_param = (union sctp_addr_param *)(asconf->skb->data + length);
	asconf_len -= length;

	/* Skip the address parameter in the last asconf sent and store a
	 * pointer to the first asconf parameter.
	 */
	length = ntohs(addr_param->p.length);
	asconf_param = (void *)addr_param + length;
	asconf_len -= length;

	/* ADDIP 4.1
	 * A8) If there is no response(s) to specific TLV parameter(s), and no
	 * failures are indicated, then all request(s) are considered
	 * successful.
	 */
	if (asconf_ack->skb->len == sizeof(sctp_addiphdr_t))
		all_param_pass = 1;

	/* Process the TLVs contained in the last sent ASCONF chunk. */
	while (asconf_len > 0) {
		if (all_param_pass)
			err_code = SCTP_ERROR_NO_ERROR;
		else {
			err_code = sctp_get_asconf_response(asconf_ack,
							    asconf_param,
							    no_err);
			if (no_err && (SCTP_ERROR_NO_ERROR != err_code))
				no_err = 0;
		}

		switch (err_code) {
		case SCTP_ERROR_NO_ERROR:
			sctp_asconf_param_success(asoc, asconf_param);
			break;

		case SCTP_ERROR_RSRC_LOW:
			retval = 1;
			break;

		case SCTP_ERROR_UNKNOWN_PARAM:
			/* Disable sending this type of asconf parameter in
			 * future.
			 */
			asoc->peer.addip_disabled_mask |=
				asconf_param->param_hdr.type;
			break;

		case SCTP_ERROR_REQ_REFUSED:
		case SCTP_ERROR_DEL_LAST_IP:
		case SCTP_ERROR_DEL_SRC_IP:
		default:
			 break;
		}

		/* Skip the processed asconf parameter and move to the next
		 * one.
		 */
		length = ntohs(asconf_param->param_hdr.length);
		asconf_param = (void *)asconf_param + length;
		asconf_len -= length;
	}

	if (no_err && asoc->src_out_of_asoc_ok) {
		asoc->src_out_of_asoc_ok = 0;
		sctp_transport_immediate_rtx(asoc->peer.primary_path);
	}

	/* Free the cached last sent asconf chunk. */
	list_del_init(&asconf->transmitted_list);
	sctp_chunk_free(asconf);
	asoc->addip_last_asconf = NULL;

	return retval;
}

/* Make a FWD TSN chunk. */
struct sctp_chunk *sctp_make_fwdtsn(const struct sctp_association *asoc,
				    __u32 new_cum_tsn, size_t nstreams,
				    struct sctp_fwdtsn_skip *skiplist)
{
	struct sctp_chunk *retval = NULL;
	struct sctp_fwdtsn_hdr ftsn_hdr;
	struct sctp_fwdtsn_skip skip;
	size_t hint;
	int i;

	hint = (nstreams + 1) * sizeof(__u32);

	retval = sctp_make_control(asoc, SCTP_CID_FWD_TSN, 0, hint, GFP_ATOMIC);

	if (!retval)
		return NULL;

	ftsn_hdr.new_cum_tsn = htonl(new_cum_tsn);
	retval->subh.fwdtsn_hdr =
		sctp_addto_chunk(retval, sizeof(ftsn_hdr), &ftsn_hdr);

	for (i = 0; i < nstreams; i++) {
		skip.stream = skiplist[i].stream;
		skip.ssn = skiplist[i].ssn;
		sctp_addto_chunk(retval, sizeof(skip), &skip);
	}

	return retval;
}

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