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path: root/tools/perf/util/srcline.c
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// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
#include <inttypes.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

#include <linux/kernel.h>

#include "util/dso.h"
#include "util/util.h"
#include "util/debug.h"
#include "util/callchain.h"
#include "srcline.h"
#include "string2.h"
#include "symbol.h"

bool srcline_full_filename;

static const char *dso__name(struct dso *dso)
{
	const char *dso_name;

	if (dso->symsrc_filename)
		dso_name = dso->symsrc_filename;
	else
		dso_name = dso->long_name;

	if (dso_name[0] == '[')
		return NULL;

	if (!strncmp(dso_name, "/tmp/perf-", 10))
		return NULL;

	return dso_name;
}

static int inline_list__append(struct symbol *symbol, char *srcline,
			       struct inline_node *node)
{
	struct inline_list *ilist;

	ilist = zalloc(sizeof(*ilist));
	if (ilist == NULL)
		return -1;

	ilist->symbol = symbol;
	ilist->srcline = srcline;

	if (callchain_param.order == ORDER_CALLEE)
		list_add_tail(&ilist->list, &node->val);
	else
		list_add(&ilist->list, &node->val);

	return 0;
}

/* basename version that takes a const input string */
static const char *gnu_basename(const char *path)
{
	const char *base = strrchr(path, '/');

	return base ? base + 1 : path;
}

static char *srcline_from_fileline(const char *file, unsigned int line)
{
	char *srcline;

	if (!file)
		return NULL;

	if (!srcline_full_filename)
		file = gnu_basename(file);

	if (asprintf(&srcline, "%s:%u", file, line) < 0)
		return NULL;

	return srcline;
}

static struct symbol *new_inline_sym(struct dso *dso,
				     struct symbol *base_sym,
				     const char *funcname)
{
	struct symbol *inline_sym;
	char *demangled = NULL;

	if (dso) {
		demangled = dso__demangle_sym(dso, 0, funcname);
		if (demangled)
			funcname = demangled;
	}

	if (base_sym && strcmp(funcname, base_sym->name) == 0) {
		/* reuse the real, existing symbol */
		inline_sym = base_sym;
		/* ensure that we don't alias an inlined symbol, which could
		 * lead to double frees in inline_node__delete
		 */
		assert(!base_sym->inlined);
	} else {
		/* create a fake symbol for the inline frame */
		inline_sym = symbol__new(base_sym ? base_sym->start : 0,
					 base_sym ? base_sym->end : 0,
					 base_sym ? base_sym->binding : 0,
					 base_sym ? base_sym->type : 0,
					 funcname);
		if (inline_sym)
			inline_sym->inlined = 1;
	}

	free(demangled);

	return inline_sym;
}

#ifdef HAVE_LIBBFD_SUPPORT

/*
 * Implement addr2line using libbfd.
 */
#define PACKAGE "perf"
#include <bfd.h>

struct a2l_data {
	const char 	*input;
	u64	 	addr;

	bool 		found;
	const char 	*filename;
	const char 	*funcname;
	unsigned 	line;

	bfd 		*abfd;
	asymbol 	**syms;
};

static int bfd_error(const char *string)
{
	const char *errmsg;

	errmsg = bfd_errmsg(bfd_get_error());
	fflush(stdout);

	if (string)
		pr_debug("%s: %s\n", string, errmsg);
	else
		pr_debug("%s\n", errmsg);

	return -1;
}

static int slurp_symtab(bfd *abfd, struct a2l_data *a2l)
{
	long storage;
	long symcount;
	asymbol **syms;
	bfd_boolean dynamic = FALSE;

	if ((bfd_get_file_flags(abfd) & HAS_SYMS) == 0)
		return bfd_error(bfd_get_filename(abfd));

	storage = bfd_get_symtab_upper_bound(abfd);
	if (storage == 0L) {
		storage = bfd_get_dynamic_symtab_upper_bound(abfd);
		dynamic = TRUE;
	}
	if (storage < 0L)
		return bfd_error(bfd_get_filename(abfd));

	syms = malloc(storage);
	if (dynamic)
		symcount = bfd_canonicalize_dynamic_symtab(abfd, syms);
	else
		symcount = bfd_canonicalize_symtab(abfd, syms);

	if (symcount < 0) {
		free(syms);
		return bfd_error(bfd_get_filename(abfd));
	}

	a2l->syms = syms;
	return 0;
}

static void find_address_in_section(bfd *abfd, asection *section, void *data)
{
	bfd_vma pc, vma;
	bfd_size_type size;
	struct a2l_data *a2l = data;

	if (a2l->found)
		return;

	if ((bfd_get_section_flags(abfd, section) & SEC_ALLOC) == 0)
		return;

	pc = a2l->addr;
	vma = bfd_get_section_vma(abfd, section);
	size = bfd_get_section_size(section);

	if (pc < vma || pc >= vma + size)
		return;

	a2l->found = bfd_find_nearest_line(abfd, section, a2l->syms, pc - vma,
					   &a2l->filename, &a2l->funcname,
					   &a2l->line);

	if (a2l->filename && !strlen(a2l->filename))
		a2l->filename = NULL;
}

static struct a2l_data *addr2line_init(const char *path)
{
	bfd *abfd;
	struct a2l_data *a2l = NULL;

	abfd = bfd_openr(path, NULL);
	if (abfd == NULL)
		return NULL;

	if (!bfd_check_format(abfd, bfd_object))
		goto out;

	a2l = zalloc(sizeof(*a2l));
	if (a2l == NULL)
		goto out;

	a2l->abfd = abfd;
	a2l->input = strdup(path);
	if (a2l->input == NULL)
		goto out;

	if (slurp_symtab(abfd, a2l))
		goto out;

	return a2l;

out:
	if (a2l) {
		zfree((char **)&a2l->input);
		free(a2l);
	}
	bfd_close(abfd);
	return NULL;
}

static void addr2line_cleanup(struct a2l_data *a2l)
{
	if (a2l->abfd)
		bfd_close(a2l->abfd);
	zfree((char **)&a2l->input);
	zfree(&a2l->syms);
	free(a2l);
}

#define MAX_INLINE_NEST 1024

static int inline_list__append_dso_a2l(struct dso *dso,
				       struct inline_node *node,
				       struct symbol *sym)
{
	struct a2l_data *a2l = dso->a2l;
	struct symbol *inline_sym = new_inline_sym(dso, sym, a2l->funcname);
	char *srcline = NULL;

	if (a2l->filename)
		srcline = srcline_from_fileline(a2l->filename, a2l->line);

	return inline_list__append(inline_sym, srcline, node);
}

static int addr2line(const char *dso_name, u64 addr,
		     char **file, unsigned int *line, struct dso *dso,
		     bool unwind_inlines, struct inline_node *node,
		     struct symbol *sym)
{
	int ret = 0;
	struct a2l_data *a2l = dso->a2l;

	if (!a2l) {
		dso->a2l = addr2line_init(dso_name);
		a2l = dso->a2l;
	}

	if (a2l == NULL) {
		pr_warning("addr2line_init failed for %s\n", dso_name);
		return 0;
	}

	a2l->addr = addr;
	a2l->found = false;

	bfd_map_over_sections(a2l->abfd, find_address_in_section, a2l);

	if (!a2l->found)
		return 0;

	if (unwind_inlines) {
		int cnt = 0;

		if (node && inline_list__append_dso_a2l(dso, node, sym))
			return 0;

		while (bfd_find_inliner_info(a2l->abfd, &a2l->filename,
					     &a2l->funcname, &a2l->line) &&
		       cnt++ < MAX_INLINE_NEST) {

			if (a2l->filename && !strlen(a2l->filename))
				a2l->filename = NULL;

			if (node != NULL) {
				if (inline_list__append_dso_a2l(dso, node, sym))
					return 0;
				// found at least one inline frame
				ret = 1;
			}
		}
	}

	if (file) {
		*file = a2l->filename ? strdup(a2l->filename) : NULL;
		ret = *file ? 1 : 0;
	}

	if (line)
		*line = a2l->line;

	return ret;
}

void dso__free_a2l(struct dso *dso)
{
	struct a2l_data *a2l = dso->a2l;

	if (!a2l)
		return;

	addr2line_cleanup(a2l);

	dso->a2l = NULL;
}

static struct inline_node *addr2inlines(const char *dso_name, u64 addr,
					struct dso *dso, struct symbol *sym)
{
	struct inline_node *node;

	node = zalloc(sizeof(*node));
	if (node == NULL) {
		perror("not enough memory for the inline node");
		return NULL;
	}

	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&node->val);
	node->addr = addr;

	addr2line(dso_name, addr, NULL, NULL, dso, true, node, sym);
	return node;
}

#else /* HAVE_LIBBFD_SUPPORT */

static int filename_split(char *filename, unsigned int *line_nr)
{
	char *sep;

	sep = strchr(filename, '\n');
	if (sep)
		*sep = '\0';

	if (!strcmp(filename, "??:0"))
		return 0;

	sep = strchr(filename, ':');
	if (sep) {
		*sep++ = '\0';
		*line_nr = strtoul(sep, NULL, 0);
		return 1;
	}

	return 0;
}

static int addr2line(const char *dso_name, u64 addr,
		     char **file, unsigned int *line_nr,
		     struct dso *dso __maybe_unused,
		     bool unwind_inlines __maybe_unused,
		     struct inline_node *node __maybe_unused,
		     struct symbol *sym __maybe_unused)
{
	FILE *fp;
	char cmd[PATH_MAX];
	char *filename = NULL;
	size_t len;
	int ret = 0;

	scnprintf(cmd, sizeof(cmd), "addr2line -e %s %016"PRIx64,
		  dso_name, addr);

	fp = popen(cmd, "r");
	if (fp == NULL) {
		pr_warning("popen failed for %s\n", dso_name);
		return 0;
	}

	if (getline(&filename, &len, fp) < 0 || !len) {
		pr_warning("addr2line has no output for %s\n", dso_name);
		goto out;
	}

	ret = filename_split(filename, line_nr);
	if (ret != 1) {
		free(filename);
		goto out;
	}

	*file = filename;

out:
	pclose(fp);
	return ret;
}

void dso__free_a2l(struct dso *dso __maybe_unused)
{
}

static struct inline_node *addr2inlines(const char *dso_name, u64 addr,
					struct dso *dso __maybe_unused,
					struct symbol *sym)
{
	FILE *fp;
	char cmd[PATH_MAX];
	struct inline_node *node;
	char *filename = NULL;
	char *funcname = NULL;
	size_t filelen, funclen;
	unsigned int line_nr = 0;

	scnprintf(cmd, sizeof(cmd), "addr2line -e %s -i -f %016"PRIx64,
		  dso_name, addr);

	fp = popen(cmd, "r");
	if (fp == NULL) {
		pr_err("popen failed for %s\n", dso_name);
		return NULL;
	}

	node = zalloc(sizeof(*node));
	if (node == NULL) {
		perror("not enough memory for the inline node");
		goto out;
	}

	INIT_LIST_HEAD(&node->val);
	node->addr = addr;

	/* addr2line -f generates two lines for each inlined functions */
	while (getline(&funcname, &funclen, fp) != -1) {
		char *srcline;
		struct symbol *inline_sym;

		rtrim(funcname);

		if (getline(&filename, &filelen, fp) == -1)
			goto out;

		if (filename_split(filename, &line_nr) != 1)
			goto out;

		srcline = srcline_from_fileline(filename, line_nr);
		inline_sym = new_inline_sym(dso, sym, funcname);

		if (inline_list__append(inline_sym, srcline, node) != 0) {
			free(srcline);
			if (inline_sym && inline_sym->inlined)
				symbol__delete(inline_sym);
			goto out;
		}
	}

out:
	pclose(fp);
	free(filename);
	free(funcname);

	return node;
}

#endif /* HAVE_LIBBFD_SUPPORT */

/*
 * Number of addr2line failures (without success) before disabling it for that
 * dso.
 */
#define A2L_FAIL_LIMIT 123

char *__get_srcline(struct dso *dso, u64 addr, struct symbol *sym,
		  bool show_sym, bool show_addr, bool unwind_inlines,
		  u64 ip)
{
	char *file = NULL;
	unsigned line = 0;
	char *srcline;
	const char *dso_name;

	if (!dso->has_srcline)
		goto out;

	dso_name = dso__name(dso);
	if (dso_name == NULL)
		goto out;

	if (!addr2line(dso_name, addr, &file, &line, dso,
		       unwind_inlines, NULL, sym))
		goto out;

	srcline = srcline_from_fileline(file, line);
	free(file);

	if (!srcline)
		goto out;

	dso->a2l_fails = 0;

	return srcline;

out:
	if (dso->a2l_fails && ++dso->a2l_fails > A2L_FAIL_LIMIT) {
		dso->has_srcline = 0;
		dso__free_a2l(dso);
	}

	if (!show_addr)
		return (show_sym && sym) ?
			    strndup(sym->name, sym->namelen) : NULL;

	if (sym) {
		if (asprintf(&srcline, "%s+%" PRIu64, show_sym ? sym->name : "",
					ip - sym->start) < 0)
			return SRCLINE_UNKNOWN;
	} else if (asprintf(&srcline, "%s[%" PRIx64 "]", dso->short_name, addr) < 0)
		return SRCLINE_UNKNOWN;
	return srcline;
}

void free_srcline(char *srcline)
{
	if (srcline && strcmp(srcline, SRCLINE_UNKNOWN) != 0)
		free(srcline);
}

char *get_srcline(struct dso *dso, u64 addr, struct symbol *sym,
		  bool show_sym, bool show_addr, u64 ip)
{
	return __get_srcline(dso, addr, sym, show_sym, show_addr, false, ip);
}

struct srcline_node {
	u64			addr;
	char			*srcline;
	struct rb_node		rb_node;
};

void srcline__tree_insert(struct rb_root *tree, u64 addr, char *srcline)
{
	struct rb_node **p = &tree->rb_node;
	struct rb_node *parent = NULL;
	struct srcline_node *i, *node;

	node = zalloc(sizeof(struct srcline_node));
	if (!node) {
		perror("not enough memory for the srcline node");
		return;
	}

	node->addr = addr;
	node->srcline = srcline;

	while (*p != NULL) {
		parent = *p;
		i = rb_entry(parent, struct srcline_node, rb_node);
		if (addr < i->addr)
			p = &(*p)->rb_left;
		else
			p = &(*p)->rb_right;
	}
	rb_link_node(&node->rb_node, parent, p);
	rb_insert_color(&node->rb_node, tree);
}

char *srcline__tree_find(struct rb_root *tree, u64 addr)
{
	struct rb_node *n = tree->rb_node;

	while (n) {
		struct srcline_node *i = rb_entry(n, struct srcline_node,
						  rb_node);

		if (addr < i->addr)
			n = n->rb_left;
		else if (addr > i->addr)
			n = n->rb_right;
		else
			return i->srcline;
	}

	return NULL;
}

void srcline__tree_delete(struct rb_root *tree)
{
	struct srcline_node *pos;
	struct rb_node *next = rb_first(tree);

	while (next) {
		pos = rb_entry(next, struct srcline_node, rb_node);
		next = rb_next(&pos->rb_node);
		rb_erase(&pos->rb_node, tree);
		free_srcline(pos->srcline);
		zfree(&pos);
	}
}

struct inline_node *dso__parse_addr_inlines(struct dso *dso, u64 addr,
					    struct symbol *sym)
{
	const char *dso_name;

	dso_name = dso__name(dso);
	if (dso_name == NULL)
		return NULL;

	return addr2inlines(dso_name, addr, dso, sym);
}

void inline_node__delete(struct inline_node *node)
{
	struct inline_list *ilist, *tmp;

	list_for_each_entry_safe(ilist, tmp, &node->val, list) {
		list_del_init(&ilist->list);
		free_srcline(ilist->srcline);
		/* only the inlined symbols are owned by the list */
		if (ilist->symbol && ilist->symbol->inlined)
			symbol__delete(ilist->symbol);
		free(ilist);
	}

	free(node);
}

void inlines__tree_insert(struct rb_root *tree, struct inline_node *inlines)
{
	struct rb_node **p = &tree->rb_node;
	struct rb_node *parent = NULL;
	const u64 addr = inlines->addr;
	struct inline_node *i;

	while (*p != NULL) {
		parent = *p;
		i = rb_entry(parent, struct inline_node, rb_node);
		if (addr < i->addr)
			p = &(*p)->rb_left;
		else
			p = &(*p)->rb_right;
	}
	rb_link_node(&inlines->rb_node, parent, p);
	rb_insert_color(&inlines->rb_node, tree);
}

struct inline_node *inlines__tree_find(struct rb_root *tree, u64 addr)
{
	struct rb_node *n = tree->rb_node;

	while (n) {
		struct inline_node *i = rb_entry(n, struct inline_node,
						 rb_node);

		if (addr < i->addr)
			n = n->rb_left;
		else if (addr > i->addr)
			n = n->rb_right;
		else
			return i;
	}

	return NULL;
}

void inlines__tree_delete(struct rb_root *tree)
{
	struct inline_node *pos;
	struct rb_node *next = rb_first(tree);

	while (next) {
		pos = rb_entry(next, struct inline_node, rb_node);
		next = rb_next(&pos->rb_node);
		rb_erase(&pos->rb_node, tree);
		inline_node__delete(pos);
	}
}

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