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authorRoopa Prabhu <roopa@cumulusnetworks.com>2015-09-08 17:53:04 (GMT)
committerDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>2015-09-09 21:07:50 (GMT)
commit6b9ea5a64ed5eeb3f68f2e6fcce0ed1179801d1e (patch)
tree35cbd65c3e162c5484bb0c0ef7befa5b7cc5911d
parent592867bfabe2fcb449393ba7eb0de4f972a08c63 (diff)
ipv6: fix multipath route replace error recovery
Problem: The ecmp route replace support for ipv6 in the kernel, deletes the existing ecmp route too early, ie when it installs the first nexthop. If there is an error in installing the subsequent nexthops, its too late to recover the already deleted existing route leaving the fib in an inconsistent state. This patch reduces the possibility of this by doing the following: a) Changes the existing multipath route add code to a two stage process: build rt6_infos + insert them ip6_route_add rt6_info creation code is moved into ip6_route_info_create. b) This ensures that most errors are caught during building rt6_infos and we fail early c) Separates multipath add and del code. Because add needs the special two stage mode in a) and delete essentially does not care. d) In any event if the code fails during inserting a route again, a warning is printed (This should be unlikely) Before the patch: $ip -6 route show 3000:1000:1000:1000::2 via fe80::202:ff:fe00:b dev swp49s0 metric 1024 3000:1000:1000:1000::2 via fe80::202:ff:fe00:d dev swp49s1 metric 1024 3000:1000:1000:1000::2 via fe80::202:ff:fe00:f dev swp49s2 metric 1024 /* Try replacing the route with a duplicate nexthop */ $ip -6 route change 3000:1000:1000:1000::2/128 nexthop via fe80::202:ff:fe00:b dev swp49s0 nexthop via fe80::202:ff:fe00:d dev swp49s1 nexthop via fe80::202:ff:fe00:d dev swp49s1 RTNETLINK answers: File exists $ip -6 route show /* previously added ecmp route 3000:1000:1000:1000::2 dissappears from * kernel */ After the patch: $ip -6 route show 3000:1000:1000:1000::2 via fe80::202:ff:fe00:b dev swp49s0 metric 1024 3000:1000:1000:1000::2 via fe80::202:ff:fe00:d dev swp49s1 metric 1024 3000:1000:1000:1000::2 via fe80::202:ff:fe00:f dev swp49s2 metric 1024 /* Try replacing the route with a duplicate nexthop */ $ip -6 route change 3000:1000:1000:1000::2/128 nexthop via fe80::202:ff:fe00:b dev swp49s0 nexthop via fe80::202:ff:fe00:d dev swp49s1 nexthop via fe80::202:ff:fe00:d dev swp49s1 RTNETLINK answers: File exists $ip -6 route show 3000:1000:1000:1000::2 via fe80::202:ff:fe00:b dev swp49s0 metric 1024 3000:1000:1000:1000::2 via fe80::202:ff:fe00:d dev swp49s1 metric 1024 3000:1000:1000:1000::2 via fe80::202:ff:fe00:f dev swp49s2 metric 1024 Fixes: 27596472473a ("ipv6: fix ECMP route replacement") Signed-off-by: Roopa Prabhu <roopa@cumulusnetworks.com> Reviewed-by: Nikolay Aleksandrov <nikolay@cumulusnetworks.com> Acked-by: Nicolas Dichtel <nicolas.dichtel@6wind.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
-rw-r--r--net/ipv6/route.c201
1 files changed, 175 insertions, 26 deletions
diff --git a/net/ipv6/route.c b/net/ipv6/route.c
index f45cac6..34539d3 100644
--- a/net/ipv6/route.c
+++ b/net/ipv6/route.c
@@ -1748,7 +1748,7 @@ static int ip6_convert_metrics(struct mx6_config *mxc,
return -EINVAL;
}
-int ip6_route_add(struct fib6_config *cfg)
+int ip6_route_info_create(struct fib6_config *cfg, struct rt6_info **rt_ret)
{
int err;
struct net *net = cfg->fc_nlinfo.nl_net;
@@ -1756,7 +1756,6 @@ int ip6_route_add(struct fib6_config *cfg)
struct net_device *dev = NULL;
struct inet6_dev *idev = NULL;
struct fib6_table *table;
- struct mx6_config mxc = { .mx = NULL, };
int addr_type;
if (cfg->fc_dst_len > 128 || cfg->fc_src_len > 128)
@@ -1981,6 +1980,32 @@ install_route:
cfg->fc_nlinfo.nl_net = dev_net(dev);
+ *rt_ret = rt;
+
+ return 0;
+out:
+ if (dev)
+ dev_put(dev);
+ if (idev)
+ in6_dev_put(idev);
+ if (rt)
+ dst_free(&rt->dst);
+
+ *rt_ret = NULL;
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+int ip6_route_add(struct fib6_config *cfg)
+{
+ struct mx6_config mxc = { .mx = NULL, };
+ struct rt6_info *rt = NULL;
+ int err;
+
+ err = ip6_route_info_create(cfg, &rt);
+ if (err)
+ goto out;
+
err = ip6_convert_metrics(&mxc, cfg);
if (err)
goto out;
@@ -1988,14 +2013,12 @@ install_route:
err = __ip6_ins_rt(rt, &cfg->fc_nlinfo, &mxc);
kfree(mxc.mx);
+
return err;
out:
- if (dev)
- dev_put(dev);
- if (idev)
- in6_dev_put(idev);
if (rt)
dst_free(&rt->dst);
+
return err;
}
@@ -2776,19 +2799,78 @@ errout:
return err;
}
-static int ip6_route_multipath(struct fib6_config *cfg, int add)
+struct rt6_nh {
+ struct rt6_info *rt6_info;
+ struct fib6_config r_cfg;
+ struct mx6_config mxc;
+ struct list_head next;
+};
+
+static void ip6_print_replace_route_err(struct list_head *rt6_nh_list)
+{
+ struct rt6_nh *nh;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(nh, rt6_nh_list, next) {
+ pr_warn("IPV6: multipath route replace failed (check consistency of installed routes): %pI6 nexthop %pI6 ifi %d\n",
+ &nh->r_cfg.fc_dst, &nh->r_cfg.fc_gateway,
+ nh->r_cfg.fc_ifindex);
+ }
+}
+
+static int ip6_route_info_append(struct list_head *rt6_nh_list,
+ struct rt6_info *rt, struct fib6_config *r_cfg)
+{
+ struct rt6_nh *nh;
+ struct rt6_info *rtnh;
+ int err = -EEXIST;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(nh, rt6_nh_list, next) {
+ /* check if rt6_info already exists */
+ rtnh = nh->rt6_info;
+
+ if (rtnh->dst.dev == rt->dst.dev &&
+ rtnh->rt6i_idev == rt->rt6i_idev &&
+ ipv6_addr_equal(&rtnh->rt6i_gateway,
+ &rt->rt6i_gateway))
+ return err;
+ }
+
+ nh = kzalloc(sizeof(*nh), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!nh)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ nh->rt6_info = rt;
+ err = ip6_convert_metrics(&nh->mxc, r_cfg);
+ if (err) {
+ kfree(nh);
+ return err;
+ }
+ memcpy(&nh->r_cfg, r_cfg, sizeof(*r_cfg));
+ list_add_tail(&nh->next, rt6_nh_list);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int ip6_route_multipath_add(struct fib6_config *cfg)
{
struct fib6_config r_cfg;
struct rtnexthop *rtnh;
+ struct rt6_info *rt;
+ struct rt6_nh *err_nh;
+ struct rt6_nh *nh, *nh_safe;
int remaining;
int attrlen;
- int err = 0, last_err = 0;
+ int err = 1;
+ int nhn = 0;
+ int replace = (cfg->fc_nlinfo.nlh &&
+ (cfg->fc_nlinfo.nlh->nlmsg_flags & NLM_F_REPLACE));
+ LIST_HEAD(rt6_nh_list);
remaining = cfg->fc_mp_len;
-beginning:
rtnh = (struct rtnexthop *)cfg->fc_mp;
- /* Parse a Multipath Entry */
+ /* Parse a Multipath Entry and build a list (rt6_nh_list) of
+ * rt6_info structs per nexthop
+ */
while (rtnh_ok(rtnh, remaining)) {
memcpy(&r_cfg, cfg, sizeof(*cfg));
if (rtnh->rtnh_ifindex)
@@ -2808,22 +2890,32 @@ beginning:
if (nla)
r_cfg.fc_encap_type = nla_get_u16(nla);
}
- err = add ? ip6_route_add(&r_cfg) : ip6_route_del(&r_cfg);
+
+ err = ip6_route_info_create(&r_cfg, &rt);
+ if (err)
+ goto cleanup;
+
+ err = ip6_route_info_append(&rt6_nh_list, rt, &r_cfg);
if (err) {
- last_err = err;
- /* If we are trying to remove a route, do not stop the
- * loop when ip6_route_del() fails (because next hop is
- * already gone), we should try to remove all next hops.
- */
- if (add) {
- /* If add fails, we should try to delete all
- * next hops that have been already added.
- */
- add = 0;
- remaining = cfg->fc_mp_len - remaining;
- goto beginning;
- }
+ dst_free(&rt->dst);
+ goto cleanup;
+ }
+
+ rtnh = rtnh_next(rtnh, &remaining);
+ }
+
+ err_nh = NULL;
+ list_for_each_entry(nh, &rt6_nh_list, next) {
+ err = __ip6_ins_rt(nh->rt6_info, &cfg->fc_nlinfo, &nh->mxc);
+ /* nh->rt6_info is used or freed at this point, reset to NULL*/
+ nh->rt6_info = NULL;
+ if (err) {
+ if (replace && nhn)
+ ip6_print_replace_route_err(&rt6_nh_list);
+ err_nh = nh;
+ goto add_errout;
}
+
/* Because each route is added like a single route we remove
* these flags after the first nexthop: if there is a collision,
* we have already failed to add the first nexthop:
@@ -2833,6 +2925,63 @@ beginning:
*/
cfg->fc_nlinfo.nlh->nlmsg_flags &= ~(NLM_F_EXCL |
NLM_F_REPLACE);
+ nhn++;
+ }
+
+ goto cleanup;
+
+add_errout:
+ /* Delete routes that were already added */
+ list_for_each_entry(nh, &rt6_nh_list, next) {
+ if (err_nh == nh)
+ break;
+ ip6_route_del(&nh->r_cfg);
+ }
+
+cleanup:
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(nh, nh_safe, &rt6_nh_list, next) {
+ if (nh->rt6_info)
+ dst_free(&nh->rt6_info->dst);
+ if (nh->mxc.mx)
+ kfree(nh->mxc.mx);
+ list_del(&nh->next);
+ kfree(nh);
+ }
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+static int ip6_route_multipath_del(struct fib6_config *cfg)
+{
+ struct fib6_config r_cfg;
+ struct rtnexthop *rtnh;
+ int remaining;
+ int attrlen;
+ int err = 1, last_err = 0;
+
+ remaining = cfg->fc_mp_len;
+ rtnh = (struct rtnexthop *)cfg->fc_mp;
+
+ /* Parse a Multipath Entry */
+ while (rtnh_ok(rtnh, remaining)) {
+ memcpy(&r_cfg, cfg, sizeof(*cfg));
+ if (rtnh->rtnh_ifindex)
+ r_cfg.fc_ifindex = rtnh->rtnh_ifindex;
+
+ attrlen = rtnh_attrlen(rtnh);
+ if (attrlen > 0) {
+ struct nlattr *nla, *attrs = rtnh_attrs(rtnh);
+
+ nla = nla_find(attrs, attrlen, RTA_GATEWAY);
+ if (nla) {
+ nla_memcpy(&r_cfg.fc_gateway, nla, 16);
+ r_cfg.fc_flags |= RTF_GATEWAY;
+ }
+ }
+ err = ip6_route_del(&r_cfg);
+ if (err)
+ last_err = err;
+
rtnh = rtnh_next(rtnh, &remaining);
}
@@ -2849,7 +2998,7 @@ static int inet6_rtm_delroute(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh)
return err;
if (cfg.fc_mp)
- return ip6_route_multipath(&cfg, 0);
+ return ip6_route_multipath_del(&cfg);
else
return ip6_route_del(&cfg);
}
@@ -2864,7 +3013,7 @@ static int inet6_rtm_newroute(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh)
return err;
if (cfg.fc_mp)
- return ip6_route_multipath(&cfg, 1);
+ return ip6_route_multipath_add(&cfg);
else
return ip6_route_add(&cfg);
}

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