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authorNick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de>2007-10-16 01:24:42 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@woody.linux-foundation.org>2007-10-16 09:42:53 -0700
commitc0bc9875b701c588e448302d41181995c21e8040 (patch)
treec320855d4c04bd51ded6b4888bc5895ab539165f
parentb55ed816235cf41c29159d22a4cdeec7deb5821c (diff)
radix-tree: use indirect bit
Rather than sign direct radix-tree pointers with a special bit, sign the indirect one that hangs off the root. This means that, given a lookup_slot operation, the invalid result will be differentiated from the valid (previously, valid results could have the bit either set or clear). This does not affect slot lookups which occur under lock -- they can never return an invalid result. Is needed in future for lockless pagecache. Signed-off-by: Nick Piggin <npiggin@suse.de> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hugh@veritas.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
-rw-r--r--include/linux/radix-tree.h38
-rw-r--r--lib/radix-tree.c69
2 files changed, 64 insertions, 43 deletions
diff --git a/include/linux/radix-tree.h b/include/linux/radix-tree.h
index 430e4a8c1382..b6116b4445c7 100644
--- a/include/linux/radix-tree.h
+++ b/include/linux/radix-tree.h
@@ -26,28 +26,31 @@
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
/*
- * A direct pointer (root->rnode pointing directly to a data item,
- * rather than another radix_tree_node) is signalled by the low bit
- * set in the root->rnode pointer.
+ * An indirect pointer (root->rnode pointing to a radix_tree_node, rather
+ * than a data item) is signalled by the low bit set in the root->rnode
+ * pointer.
*
- * In this case root->height is also NULL, but the direct pointer tests are
- * needed for RCU lookups when root->height is unreliable.
+ * In this case root->height is > 0, but the indirect pointer tests are
+ * needed for RCU lookups (because root->height is unreliable). The only
+ * time callers need worry about this is when doing a lookup_slot under
+ * RCU.
*/
-#define RADIX_TREE_DIRECT_PTR 1
+#define RADIX_TREE_INDIRECT_PTR 1
+#define RADIX_TREE_RETRY ((void *)-1UL)
-static inline void *radix_tree_ptr_to_direct(void *ptr)
+static inline void *radix_tree_ptr_to_indirect(void *ptr)
{
- return (void *)((unsigned long)ptr | RADIX_TREE_DIRECT_PTR);
+ return (void *)((unsigned long)ptr | RADIX_TREE_INDIRECT_PTR);
}
-static inline void *radix_tree_direct_to_ptr(void *ptr)
+static inline void *radix_tree_indirect_to_ptr(void *ptr)
{
- return (void *)((unsigned long)ptr & ~RADIX_TREE_DIRECT_PTR);
+ return (void *)((unsigned long)ptr & ~RADIX_TREE_INDIRECT_PTR);
}
-static inline int radix_tree_is_direct_ptr(void *ptr)
+static inline int radix_tree_is_indirect_ptr(void *ptr)
{
- return (int)((unsigned long)ptr & RADIX_TREE_DIRECT_PTR);
+ return (int)((unsigned long)ptr & RADIX_TREE_INDIRECT_PTR);
}
/*** radix-tree API starts here ***/
@@ -130,7 +133,10 @@ do { \
*/
static inline void *radix_tree_deref_slot(void **pslot)
{
- return radix_tree_direct_to_ptr(*pslot);
+ void *ret = *pslot;
+ if (unlikely(radix_tree_is_indirect_ptr(ret)))
+ ret = RADIX_TREE_RETRY;
+ return ret;
}
/**
* radix_tree_replace_slot - replace item in a slot
@@ -142,10 +148,8 @@ static inline void *radix_tree_deref_slot(void **pslot)
*/
static inline void radix_tree_replace_slot(void **pslot, void *item)
{
- BUG_ON(radix_tree_is_direct_ptr(item));
- rcu_assign_pointer(*pslot,
- (void *)((unsigned long)item |
- ((unsigned long)*pslot & RADIX_TREE_DIRECT_PTR)));
+ BUG_ON(radix_tree_is_indirect_ptr(item));
+ rcu_assign_pointer(*pslot, item);
}
int radix_tree_insert(struct radix_tree_root *, unsigned long, void *);
diff --git a/lib/radix-tree.c b/lib/radix-tree.c
index 7af368a4401b..0eee4020a7be 100644
--- a/lib/radix-tree.c
+++ b/lib/radix-tree.c
@@ -104,7 +104,7 @@ radix_tree_node_alloc(struct radix_tree_root *root)
rtp->nr--;
}
}
- BUG_ON(radix_tree_is_direct_ptr(ret));
+ BUG_ON(radix_tree_is_indirect_ptr(ret));
return ret;
}
@@ -240,7 +240,7 @@ static int radix_tree_extend(struct radix_tree_root *root, unsigned long index)
return -ENOMEM;
/* Increase the height. */
- node->slots[0] = radix_tree_direct_to_ptr(root->rnode);
+ node->slots[0] = radix_tree_indirect_to_ptr(root->rnode);
/* Propagate the aggregated tag info into the new root */
for (tag = 0; tag < RADIX_TREE_MAX_TAGS; tag++) {
@@ -251,6 +251,7 @@ static int radix_tree_extend(struct radix_tree_root *root, unsigned long index)
newheight = root->height+1;
node->height = newheight;
node->count = 1;
+ node = radix_tree_ptr_to_indirect(node);
rcu_assign_pointer(root->rnode, node);
root->height = newheight;
} while (height > root->height);
@@ -274,7 +275,7 @@ int radix_tree_insert(struct radix_tree_root *root,
int offset;
int error;
- BUG_ON(radix_tree_is_direct_ptr(item));
+ BUG_ON(radix_tree_is_indirect_ptr(item));
/* Make sure the tree is high enough. */
if (index > radix_tree_maxindex(root->height)) {
@@ -283,7 +284,8 @@ int radix_tree_insert(struct radix_tree_root *root,
return error;
}
- slot = root->rnode;
+ slot = radix_tree_indirect_to_ptr(root->rnode);
+
height = root->height;
shift = (height-1) * RADIX_TREE_MAP_SHIFT;
@@ -298,7 +300,8 @@ int radix_tree_insert(struct radix_tree_root *root,
rcu_assign_pointer(node->slots[offset], slot);
node->count++;
} else
- rcu_assign_pointer(root->rnode, slot);
+ rcu_assign_pointer(root->rnode,
+ radix_tree_ptr_to_indirect(slot));
}
/* Go a level down */
@@ -318,7 +321,7 @@ int radix_tree_insert(struct radix_tree_root *root,
BUG_ON(tag_get(node, 0, offset));
BUG_ON(tag_get(node, 1, offset));
} else {
- rcu_assign_pointer(root->rnode, radix_tree_ptr_to_direct(item));
+ rcu_assign_pointer(root->rnode, item);
BUG_ON(root_tag_get(root, 0));
BUG_ON(root_tag_get(root, 1));
}
@@ -350,11 +353,12 @@ void **radix_tree_lookup_slot(struct radix_tree_root *root, unsigned long index)
if (node == NULL)
return NULL;
- if (radix_tree_is_direct_ptr(node)) {
+ if (!radix_tree_is_indirect_ptr(node)) {
if (index > 0)
return NULL;
return (void **)&root->rnode;
}
+ node = radix_tree_indirect_to_ptr(node);
height = node->height;
if (index > radix_tree_maxindex(height))
@@ -398,11 +402,12 @@ void *radix_tree_lookup(struct radix_tree_root *root, unsigned long index)
if (node == NULL)
return NULL;
- if (radix_tree_is_direct_ptr(node)) {
+ if (!radix_tree_is_indirect_ptr(node)) {
if (index > 0)
return NULL;
- return radix_tree_direct_to_ptr(node);
+ return node;
}
+ node = radix_tree_indirect_to_ptr(node);
height = node->height;
if (index > radix_tree_maxindex(height))
@@ -447,7 +452,7 @@ void *radix_tree_tag_set(struct radix_tree_root *root,
height = root->height;
BUG_ON(index > radix_tree_maxindex(height));
- slot = root->rnode;
+ slot = radix_tree_indirect_to_ptr(root->rnode);
shift = (height - 1) * RADIX_TREE_MAP_SHIFT;
while (height > 0) {
@@ -497,7 +502,7 @@ void *radix_tree_tag_clear(struct radix_tree_root *root,
shift = (height - 1) * RADIX_TREE_MAP_SHIFT;
pathp->node = NULL;
- slot = root->rnode;
+ slot = radix_tree_indirect_to_ptr(root->rnode);
while (height > 0) {
int offset;
@@ -562,8 +567,9 @@ int radix_tree_tag_get(struct radix_tree_root *root,
if (node == NULL)
return 0;
- if (radix_tree_is_direct_ptr(node))
+ if (!radix_tree_is_indirect_ptr(node))
return (index == 0);
+ node = radix_tree_indirect_to_ptr(node);
height = node->height;
if (index > radix_tree_maxindex(height))
@@ -716,13 +722,13 @@ radix_tree_gang_lookup(struct radix_tree_root *root, void **results,
if (!node)
return 0;
- if (radix_tree_is_direct_ptr(node)) {
+ if (!radix_tree_is_indirect_ptr(node)) {
if (first_index > 0)
return 0;
- node = radix_tree_direct_to_ptr(node);
- results[0] = rcu_dereference(node);
+ results[0] = node;
return 1;
}
+ node = radix_tree_indirect_to_ptr(node);
max_index = radix_tree_maxindex(node->height);
@@ -844,13 +850,13 @@ radix_tree_gang_lookup_tag(struct radix_tree_root *root, void **results,
if (!node)
return 0;
- if (radix_tree_is_direct_ptr(node)) {
+ if (!radix_tree_is_indirect_ptr(node)) {
if (first_index > 0)
return 0;
- node = radix_tree_direct_to_ptr(node);
- results[0] = rcu_dereference(node);
+ results[0] = node;
return 1;
}
+ node = radix_tree_indirect_to_ptr(node);
max_index = radix_tree_maxindex(node->height);
@@ -880,12 +886,22 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(radix_tree_gang_lookup_tag);
static inline void radix_tree_shrink(struct radix_tree_root *root)
{
/* try to shrink tree height */
- while (root->height > 0 &&
- root->rnode->count == 1 &&
- root->rnode->slots[0]) {
+ while (root->height > 0) {
struct radix_tree_node *to_free = root->rnode;
void *newptr;
+ BUG_ON(!radix_tree_is_indirect_ptr(to_free));
+ to_free = radix_tree_indirect_to_ptr(to_free);
+
+ /*
+ * The candidate node has more than one child, or its child
+ * is not at the leftmost slot, we cannot shrink.
+ */
+ if (to_free->count != 1)
+ break;
+ if (!to_free->slots[0])
+ break;
+
/*
* We don't need rcu_assign_pointer(), since we are simply
* moving the node from one part of the tree to another. If
@@ -894,8 +910,8 @@ static inline void radix_tree_shrink(struct radix_tree_root *root)
* one (root->rnode).
*/
newptr = to_free->slots[0];
- if (root->height == 1)
- newptr = radix_tree_ptr_to_direct(newptr);
+ if (root->height > 1)
+ newptr = radix_tree_ptr_to_indirect(newptr);
root->rnode = newptr;
root->height--;
/* must only free zeroed nodes into the slab */
@@ -930,12 +946,12 @@ void *radix_tree_delete(struct radix_tree_root *root, unsigned long index)
goto out;
slot = root->rnode;
- if (height == 0 && root->rnode) {
- slot = radix_tree_direct_to_ptr(slot);
+ if (height == 0) {
root_tag_clear_all(root);
root->rnode = NULL;
goto out;
}
+ slot = radix_tree_indirect_to_ptr(slot);
shift = (height - 1) * RADIX_TREE_MAP_SHIFT;
pathp->node = NULL;
@@ -977,7 +993,8 @@ void *radix_tree_delete(struct radix_tree_root *root, unsigned long index)
radix_tree_node_free(to_free);
if (pathp->node->count) {
- if (pathp->node == root->rnode)
+ if (pathp->node ==
+ radix_tree_indirect_to_ptr(root->rnode))
radix_tree_shrink(root);
goto out;
}

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