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authorDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>2014-10-30 15:45:01 -0400
committerDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>2014-10-30 15:45:01 -0400
commitf541a22ae97c6ca6b845d2b585f8feefd913b4bf (patch)
tree9dbdb42a7a38ec47602aff64c76c74b177a091c7
parentd3627795d074d3877e0818ab533c86139ea31413 (diff)
parente21ab36a80c2e011a14149fecdd654b8b47d3e8c (diff)
Merge branch 'bpf-next'
Alexei Starovoitov says: ==================== bpf: reduce verifier memory consumption and add tests Small set of cleanups: - reduce verifier memory consumption - add verifier test to check register state propagation and state equivalence - add JIT test reduced from recent nmap triggered crash ==================== Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
-rw-r--r--kernel/bpf/verifier.c101
-rw-r--r--lib/test_bpf.c43
-rw-r--r--samples/bpf/test_verifier.c46
3 files changed, 145 insertions, 45 deletions
diff --git a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
index 9f81818f2941..b6a1f7c14a67 100644
--- a/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
+++ b/kernel/bpf/verifier.c
@@ -153,22 +153,19 @@ struct reg_state {
enum bpf_stack_slot_type {
STACK_INVALID, /* nothing was stored in this stack slot */
- STACK_SPILL, /* 1st byte of register spilled into stack */
- STACK_SPILL_PART, /* other 7 bytes of register spill */
+ STACK_SPILL, /* register spilled into stack */
STACK_MISC /* BPF program wrote some data into this slot */
};
-struct bpf_stack_slot {
- enum bpf_stack_slot_type stype;
- struct reg_state reg_st;
-};
+#define BPF_REG_SIZE 8 /* size of eBPF register in bytes */
/* state of the program:
* type of all registers and stack info
*/
struct verifier_state {
struct reg_state regs[MAX_BPF_REG];
- struct bpf_stack_slot stack[MAX_BPF_STACK];
+ u8 stack_slot_type[MAX_BPF_STACK];
+ struct reg_state spilled_regs[MAX_BPF_STACK / BPF_REG_SIZE];
};
/* linked list of verifier states used to prune search */
@@ -259,10 +256,10 @@ static void print_verifier_state(struct verifier_env *env)
env->cur_state.regs[i].map_ptr->key_size,
env->cur_state.regs[i].map_ptr->value_size);
}
- for (i = 0; i < MAX_BPF_STACK; i++) {
- if (env->cur_state.stack[i].stype == STACK_SPILL)
+ for (i = 0; i < MAX_BPF_STACK; i += BPF_REG_SIZE) {
+ if (env->cur_state.stack_slot_type[i] == STACK_SPILL)
verbose(" fp%d=%s", -MAX_BPF_STACK + i,
- reg_type_str[env->cur_state.stack[i].reg_st.type]);
+ reg_type_str[env->cur_state.spilled_regs[i / BPF_REG_SIZE].type]);
}
verbose("\n");
}
@@ -539,8 +536,10 @@ static int bpf_size_to_bytes(int bpf_size)
static int check_stack_write(struct verifier_state *state, int off, int size,
int value_regno)
{
- struct bpf_stack_slot *slot;
int i;
+ /* caller checked that off % size == 0 and -MAX_BPF_STACK <= off < 0,
+ * so it's aligned access and [off, off + size) are within stack limits
+ */
if (value_regno >= 0 &&
(state->regs[value_regno].type == PTR_TO_MAP_VALUE ||
@@ -548,30 +547,24 @@ static int check_stack_write(struct verifier_state *state, int off, int size,
state->regs[value_regno].type == PTR_TO_CTX)) {
/* register containing pointer is being spilled into stack */
- if (size != 8) {
+ if (size != BPF_REG_SIZE) {
verbose("invalid size of register spill\n");
return -EACCES;
}
- slot = &state->stack[MAX_BPF_STACK + off];
- slot->stype = STACK_SPILL;
/* save register state */
- slot->reg_st = state->regs[value_regno];
- for (i = 1; i < 8; i++) {
- slot = &state->stack[MAX_BPF_STACK + off + i];
- slot->stype = STACK_SPILL_PART;
- slot->reg_st.type = UNKNOWN_VALUE;
- slot->reg_st.map_ptr = NULL;
- }
- } else {
+ state->spilled_regs[(MAX_BPF_STACK + off) / BPF_REG_SIZE] =
+ state->regs[value_regno];
+ for (i = 0; i < BPF_REG_SIZE; i++)
+ state->stack_slot_type[MAX_BPF_STACK + off + i] = STACK_SPILL;
+ } else {
/* regular write of data into stack */
- for (i = 0; i < size; i++) {
- slot = &state->stack[MAX_BPF_STACK + off + i];
- slot->stype = STACK_MISC;
- slot->reg_st.type = UNKNOWN_VALUE;
- slot->reg_st.map_ptr = NULL;
- }
+ state->spilled_regs[(MAX_BPF_STACK + off) / BPF_REG_SIZE] =
+ (struct reg_state) {};
+
+ for (i = 0; i < size; i++)
+ state->stack_slot_type[MAX_BPF_STACK + off + i] = STACK_MISC;
}
return 0;
}
@@ -579,19 +572,18 @@ static int check_stack_write(struct verifier_state *state, int off, int size,
static int check_stack_read(struct verifier_state *state, int off, int size,
int value_regno)
{
+ u8 *slot_type;
int i;
- struct bpf_stack_slot *slot;
- slot = &state->stack[MAX_BPF_STACK + off];
+ slot_type = &state->stack_slot_type[MAX_BPF_STACK + off];
- if (slot->stype == STACK_SPILL) {
- if (size != 8) {
+ if (slot_type[0] == STACK_SPILL) {
+ if (size != BPF_REG_SIZE) {
verbose("invalid size of register spill\n");
return -EACCES;
}
- for (i = 1; i < 8; i++) {
- if (state->stack[MAX_BPF_STACK + off + i].stype !=
- STACK_SPILL_PART) {
+ for (i = 1; i < BPF_REG_SIZE; i++) {
+ if (slot_type[i] != STACK_SPILL) {
verbose("corrupted spill memory\n");
return -EACCES;
}
@@ -599,12 +591,12 @@ static int check_stack_read(struct verifier_state *state, int off, int size,
if (value_regno >= 0)
/* restore register state from stack */
- state->regs[value_regno] = slot->reg_st;
+ state->regs[value_regno] =
+ state->spilled_regs[(MAX_BPF_STACK + off) / BPF_REG_SIZE];
return 0;
} else {
for (i = 0; i < size; i++) {
- if (state->stack[MAX_BPF_STACK + off + i].stype !=
- STACK_MISC) {
+ if (slot_type[i] != STACK_MISC) {
verbose("invalid read from stack off %d+%d size %d\n",
off, i, size);
return -EACCES;
@@ -747,7 +739,7 @@ static int check_stack_boundary(struct verifier_env *env,
}
for (i = 0; i < access_size; i++) {
- if (state->stack[MAX_BPF_STACK + off + i].stype != STACK_MISC) {
+ if (state->stack_slot_type[MAX_BPF_STACK + off + i] != STACK_MISC) {
verbose("invalid indirect read from stack off %d+%d size %d\n",
off, i, access_size);
return -EACCES;
@@ -1417,12 +1409,33 @@ static bool states_equal(struct verifier_state *old, struct verifier_state *cur)
}
for (i = 0; i < MAX_BPF_STACK; i++) {
- if (memcmp(&old->stack[i], &cur->stack[i],
- sizeof(old->stack[0])) != 0) {
- if (old->stack[i].stype == STACK_INVALID)
- continue;
+ if (old->stack_slot_type[i] == STACK_INVALID)
+ continue;
+ if (old->stack_slot_type[i] != cur->stack_slot_type[i])
+ /* Ex: old explored (safe) state has STACK_SPILL in
+ * this stack slot, but current has has STACK_MISC ->
+ * this verifier states are not equivalent,
+ * return false to continue verification of this path
+ */
return false;
- }
+ if (i % BPF_REG_SIZE)
+ continue;
+ if (memcmp(&old->spilled_regs[i / BPF_REG_SIZE],
+ &cur->spilled_regs[i / BPF_REG_SIZE],
+ sizeof(old->spilled_regs[0])))
+ /* when explored and current stack slot types are
+ * the same, check that stored pointers types
+ * are the same as well.
+ * Ex: explored safe path could have stored
+ * (struct reg_state) {.type = PTR_TO_STACK, .imm = -8}
+ * but current path has stored:
+ * (struct reg_state) {.type = PTR_TO_STACK, .imm = -16}
+ * such verifier states are not equivalent.
+ * return false to continue verification of this path
+ */
+ return false;
+ else
+ continue;
}
return true;
}
diff --git a/lib/test_bpf.c b/lib/test_bpf.c
index 23e070bcf72d..3f167d2eeb94 100644
--- a/lib/test_bpf.c
+++ b/lib/test_bpf.c
@@ -1756,6 +1756,49 @@ static struct bpf_test tests[] = {
{ },
{ { 0, 1 } }
},
+ {
+ "nmap reduced",
+ .u.insns_int = {
+ BPF_MOV64_REG(R6, R1),
+ BPF_LD_ABS(BPF_H, 12),
+ BPF_JMP_IMM(BPF_JNE, R0, 0x806, 28),
+ BPF_LD_ABS(BPF_H, 12),
+ BPF_JMP_IMM(BPF_JNE, R0, 0x806, 26),
+ BPF_MOV32_IMM(R0, 18),
+ BPF_STX_MEM(BPF_W, R10, R0, -64),
+ BPF_LDX_MEM(BPF_W, R7, R10, -64),
+ BPF_LD_IND(BPF_W, R7, 14),
+ BPF_STX_MEM(BPF_W, R10, R0, -60),
+ BPF_MOV32_IMM(R0, 280971478),
+ BPF_STX_MEM(BPF_W, R10, R0, -56),
+ BPF_LDX_MEM(BPF_W, R7, R10, -56),
+ BPF_LDX_MEM(BPF_W, R0, R10, -60),
+ BPF_ALU32_REG(BPF_SUB, R0, R7),
+ BPF_JMP_IMM(BPF_JNE, R0, 0, 15),
+ BPF_LD_ABS(BPF_H, 12),
+ BPF_JMP_IMM(BPF_JNE, R0, 0x806, 13),
+ BPF_MOV32_IMM(R0, 22),
+ BPF_STX_MEM(BPF_W, R10, R0, -56),
+ BPF_LDX_MEM(BPF_W, R7, R10, -56),
+ BPF_LD_IND(BPF_H, R7, 14),
+ BPF_STX_MEM(BPF_W, R10, R0, -52),
+ BPF_MOV32_IMM(R0, 17366),
+ BPF_STX_MEM(BPF_W, R10, R0, -48),
+ BPF_LDX_MEM(BPF_W, R7, R10, -48),
+ BPF_LDX_MEM(BPF_W, R0, R10, -52),
+ BPF_ALU32_REG(BPF_SUB, R0, R7),
+ BPF_JMP_IMM(BPF_JNE, R0, 0, 2),
+ BPF_MOV32_IMM(R0, 256),
+ BPF_EXIT_INSN(),
+ BPF_MOV32_IMM(R0, 0),
+ BPF_EXIT_INSN(),
+ },
+ INTERNAL,
+ { 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0x08, 0x06, 0, 0,
+ 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
+ 0x10, 0xbf, 0x48, 0xd6, 0x43, 0xd6},
+ { { 38, 256 } }
+ },
};
static struct net_device dev;
diff --git a/samples/bpf/test_verifier.c b/samples/bpf/test_verifier.c
index eb4bec0ad8af..63402742345e 100644
--- a/samples/bpf/test_verifier.c
+++ b/samples/bpf/test_verifier.c
@@ -602,6 +602,45 @@ static struct bpf_test tests[] = {
},
.result = ACCEPT,
},
+ {
+ "jump test 5",
+ .insns = {
+ BPF_MOV64_REG(BPF_REG_2, BPF_REG_10),
+ BPF_MOV64_REG(BPF_REG_3, BPF_REG_2),
+ BPF_JMP_IMM(BPF_JGE, BPF_REG_1, 0, 2),
+ BPF_STX_MEM(BPF_DW, BPF_REG_2, BPF_REG_3, -8),
+ BPF_JMP_IMM(BPF_JA, 0, 0, 2),
+ BPF_STX_MEM(BPF_DW, BPF_REG_2, BPF_REG_2, -8),
+ BPF_JMP_IMM(BPF_JA, 0, 0, 0),
+ BPF_MOV64_IMM(BPF_REG_0, 0),
+ BPF_JMP_IMM(BPF_JGE, BPF_REG_1, 0, 2),
+ BPF_STX_MEM(BPF_DW, BPF_REG_2, BPF_REG_3, -8),
+ BPF_JMP_IMM(BPF_JA, 0, 0, 2),
+ BPF_STX_MEM(BPF_DW, BPF_REG_2, BPF_REG_2, -8),
+ BPF_JMP_IMM(BPF_JA, 0, 0, 0),
+ BPF_MOV64_IMM(BPF_REG_0, 0),
+ BPF_JMP_IMM(BPF_JGE, BPF_REG_1, 0, 2),
+ BPF_STX_MEM(BPF_DW, BPF_REG_2, BPF_REG_3, -8),
+ BPF_JMP_IMM(BPF_JA, 0, 0, 2),
+ BPF_STX_MEM(BPF_DW, BPF_REG_2, BPF_REG_2, -8),
+ BPF_JMP_IMM(BPF_JA, 0, 0, 0),
+ BPF_MOV64_IMM(BPF_REG_0, 0),
+ BPF_JMP_IMM(BPF_JGE, BPF_REG_1, 0, 2),
+ BPF_STX_MEM(BPF_DW, BPF_REG_2, BPF_REG_3, -8),
+ BPF_JMP_IMM(BPF_JA, 0, 0, 2),
+ BPF_STX_MEM(BPF_DW, BPF_REG_2, BPF_REG_2, -8),
+ BPF_JMP_IMM(BPF_JA, 0, 0, 0),
+ BPF_MOV64_IMM(BPF_REG_0, 0),
+ BPF_JMP_IMM(BPF_JGE, BPF_REG_1, 0, 2),
+ BPF_STX_MEM(BPF_DW, BPF_REG_2, BPF_REG_3, -8),
+ BPF_JMP_IMM(BPF_JA, 0, 0, 2),
+ BPF_STX_MEM(BPF_DW, BPF_REG_2, BPF_REG_2, -8),
+ BPF_JMP_IMM(BPF_JA, 0, 0, 0),
+ BPF_MOV64_IMM(BPF_REG_0, 0),
+ BPF_EXIT_INSN(),
+ },
+ .result = ACCEPT,
+ },
};
static int probe_filter_length(struct bpf_insn *fp)
@@ -630,7 +669,7 @@ static int create_map(void)
static int test(void)
{
- int prog_fd, i;
+ int prog_fd, i, pass_cnt = 0, err_cnt = 0;
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(tests); i++) {
struct bpf_insn *prog = tests[i].insns;
@@ -657,21 +696,25 @@ static int test(void)
printf("FAIL\nfailed to load prog '%s'\n",
strerror(errno));
printf("%s", bpf_log_buf);
+ err_cnt++;
goto fail;
}
} else {
if (prog_fd >= 0) {
printf("FAIL\nunexpected success to load\n");
printf("%s", bpf_log_buf);
+ err_cnt++;
goto fail;
}
if (strstr(bpf_log_buf, tests[i].errstr) == 0) {
printf("FAIL\nunexpected error message: %s",
bpf_log_buf);
+ err_cnt++;
goto fail;
}
}
+ pass_cnt++;
printf("OK\n");
fail:
if (map_fd >= 0)
@@ -679,6 +722,7 @@ fail:
close(prog_fd);
}
+ printf("Summary: %d PASSED, %d FAILED\n", pass_cnt, err_cnt);
return 0;
}

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