path: root/Documentation
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authorDaniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net>2015-05-19 21:04:22 +0200
committerDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>2015-05-19 16:53:37 -0400
commit492135557dc090a1abb2cfbe1a412757e3ed68ab (patch)
treefb653816394b164a3ef99d95f299a2357f9fbf74 /Documentation
parent134e0dbe72bfa1059c610743fc8102fdef913bf8 (diff)
tcp: add rfc3168, section fallback
This work as a follow-up of commit f7b3bec6f516 ("net: allow setting ecn via routing table") and adds RFC3168 section fallback for outgoing ECN connections. In other words, this work adds a retry with a non-ECN setup SYN packet, as suggested from the RFC on the first timeout: [...] A host that receives no reply to an ECN-setup SYN within the normal SYN retransmission timeout interval MAY resend the SYN and any subsequent SYN retransmissions with CWR and ECE cleared. [...] Schematic client-side view when assuming the server is in tcp_ecn=2 mode, that is, Linux default since 2009 via commit 255cac91c3c9 ("tcp: extend ECN sysctl to allow server-side only ECN"): 1) Normal ECN-capable path: SYN ECE CWR -----> <----- SYN ACK ECE ACK -----> 2) Path with broken middlebox, when client has fallback: SYN ECE CWR ----X crappy middlebox drops packet (timeout, rtx) SYN -----> <----- SYN ACK ACK -----> In case we would not have the fallback implemented, the middlebox drop point would basically end up as: SYN ECE CWR ----X crappy middlebox drops packet (timeout, rtx) SYN ECE CWR ----X crappy middlebox drops packet (timeout, rtx) SYN ECE CWR ----X crappy middlebox drops packet (timeout, rtx) In any case, it's rather a smaller percentage of sites where there would occur such additional setup latency: it was found in end of 2014 that ~56% of IPv4 and 65% of IPv6 servers of Alexa 1 million list would negotiate ECN (aka tcp_ecn=2 default), 0.42% of these webservers will fail to connect when trying to negotiate with ECN (tcp_ecn=1) due to timeouts, which the fallback would mitigate with a slight latency trade-off. Recent related paper on this topic: Brian Trammell, Mirja K├╝hlewind, Damiano Boppart, Iain Learmonth, Gorry Fairhurst, and Richard Scheffenegger: "Enabling Internet-Wide Deployment of Explicit Congestion Notification." Proc. PAM 2015, New York. http://ecn.ethz.ch/ecn-pam15.pdf Thus, when net.ipv4.tcp_ecn=1 is being set, the patch will perform RFC3168, section fallback on timeout. For users explicitly not wanting this which can be in DC use case, we add a net.ipv4.tcp_ecn_fallback knob that allows for disabling the fallback. tp->ecn_flags are not being cleared in tcp_ecn_clear_syn() on output, but rather we let tcp_ecn_rcv_synack() take that over on input path in case a SYN ACK ECE was delayed. Thus a spurious SYN retransmission will not prevent ECN being negotiated eventually in that case. Reference: https://www.ietf.org/proceedings/92/slides/slides-92-iccrg-1.pdf Reference: https://www.ietf.org/proceedings/89/slides/slides-89-tsvarea-1.pdf Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net> Signed-off-by: Florian Westphal <fw@strlen.de> Signed-off-by: Mirja K├╝hlewind <mirja.kuehlewind@tik.ee.ethz.ch> Signed-off-by: Brian Trammell <trammell@tik.ee.ethz.ch> Cc: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Cc: Dave That <dave.taht@gmail.com> Acked-by: Eric Dumazet <edumazet@google.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Diffstat (limited to 'Documentation')
2 files changed, 10 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/networking/dctcp.txt b/Documentation/networking/dctcp.txt
index 0d5dfbc89ec9..13a857753208 100644
--- a/Documentation/networking/dctcp.txt
+++ b/Documentation/networking/dctcp.txt
@@ -8,6 +8,7 @@ the data center network to provide multi-bit feedback to the end hosts.
To enable it on end hosts:
sysctl -w net.ipv4.tcp_congestion_control=dctcp
+ sysctl -w net.ipv4.tcp_ecn_fallback=0 (optional)
All switches in the data center network running DCTCP must support ECN
marking and be configured for marking when reaching defined switch buffer
diff --git a/Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt b/Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt
index 5095c63e50ed..cb083e0d682c 100644
--- a/Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt
+++ b/Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt
@@ -267,6 +267,15 @@ tcp_ecn - INTEGER
but do not request ECN on outgoing connections.
Default: 2
+tcp_ecn_fallback - BOOLEAN
+ If the kernel detects that ECN connection misbehaves, enable fall
+ back to non-ECN. Currently, this knob implements the fallback
+ from RFC3168, section, but we reserve that in future,
+ additional detection mechanisms could be implemented under this
+ knob. The value is not used, if tcp_ecn or per route (or congestion
+ control) ECN settings are disabled.
+ Default: 1 (fallback enabled)
tcp_fack - BOOLEAN
Enable FACK congestion avoidance and fast retransmission.
The value is not used, if tcp_sack is not enabled.

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