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authorAndrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>2015-09-04 15:46:44 -0700
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2015-09-04 16:54:41 -0700
commit15b726ef048b31a24b3fefb6863083a25fe34800 (patch)
tree772ac05efbe711be8401abf5b14fbe515df22288 /fs
parentba85c702e4b247393ffe9e3fbc13d8aee7b02059 (diff)
userfaultfd: optimize read() and poll() to be O(1)
This makes read O(1) and poll that was already O(1) becomes lockless. Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Acked-by: Pavel Emelyanov <xemul@parallels.com> Cc: Sanidhya Kashyap <sanidhya.gatech@gmail.com> Cc: zhang.zhanghailiang@huawei.com Cc: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name> Cc: Andres Lagar-Cavilla <andreslc@google.com> Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@intel.com> Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Peter Feiner <pfeiner@google.com> Cc: "Dr. David Alan Gilbert" <dgilbert@redhat.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: "Huangpeng (Peter)" <peter.huangpeng@huawei.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'fs')
-rw-r--r--fs/userfaultfd.c185
1 files changed, 111 insertions, 74 deletions
diff --git a/fs/userfaultfd.c b/fs/userfaultfd.c
index 0877222dfa47..232cbf37c59f 100644
--- a/fs/userfaultfd.c
+++ b/fs/userfaultfd.c
@@ -35,7 +35,9 @@ enum userfaultfd_state {
struct userfaultfd_ctx {
/* pseudo fd refcounting */
atomic_t refcount;
- /* waitqueue head for the userfaultfd page faults */
+ /* waitqueue head for the pending (i.e. not read) userfaults */
+ wait_queue_head_t fault_pending_wqh;
+ /* waitqueue head for the userfaults */
wait_queue_head_t fault_wqh;
/* waitqueue head for the pseudo fd to wakeup poll/read */
wait_queue_head_t fd_wqh;
@@ -52,11 +54,6 @@ struct userfaultfd_ctx {
struct userfaultfd_wait_queue {
struct uffd_msg msg;
wait_queue_t wq;
- /*
- * Only relevant when queued in fault_wqh and only used by the
- * read operation to avoid reading the same userfault twice.
- */
- bool pending;
struct userfaultfd_ctx *ctx;
};
@@ -263,17 +260,21 @@ int handle_userfault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
init_waitqueue_func_entry(&uwq.wq, userfaultfd_wake_function);
uwq.wq.private = current;
uwq.msg = userfault_msg(address, flags, reason);
- uwq.pending = true;
uwq.ctx = ctx;
- spin_lock(&ctx->fault_wqh.lock);
+ spin_lock(&ctx->fault_pending_wqh.lock);
/*
* After the __add_wait_queue the uwq is visible to userland
* through poll/read().
*/
- __add_wait_queue(&ctx->fault_wqh, &uwq.wq);
+ __add_wait_queue(&ctx->fault_pending_wqh, &uwq.wq);
+ /*
+ * The smp_mb() after __set_current_state prevents the reads
+ * following the spin_unlock to happen before the list_add in
+ * __add_wait_queue.
+ */
set_current_state(TASK_KILLABLE);
- spin_unlock(&ctx->fault_wqh.lock);
+ spin_unlock(&ctx->fault_pending_wqh.lock);
if (likely(!ACCESS_ONCE(ctx->released) &&
!fatal_signal_pending(current))) {
@@ -283,11 +284,28 @@ int handle_userfault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
}
__set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
- /* see finish_wait() comment for why list_empty_careful() */
+
+ /*
+ * Here we race with the list_del; list_add in
+ * userfaultfd_ctx_read(), however because we don't ever run
+ * list_del_init() to refile across the two lists, the prev
+ * and next pointers will never point to self. list_add also
+ * would never let any of the two pointers to point to
+ * self. So list_empty_careful won't risk to see both pointers
+ * pointing to self at any time during the list refile. The
+ * only case where list_del_init() is called is the full
+ * removal in the wake function and there we don't re-list_add
+ * and it's fine not to block on the spinlock. The uwq on this
+ * kernel stack can be released after the list_del_init.
+ */
if (!list_empty_careful(&uwq.wq.task_list)) {
- spin_lock(&ctx->fault_wqh.lock);
- list_del_init(&uwq.wq.task_list);
- spin_unlock(&ctx->fault_wqh.lock);
+ spin_lock(&ctx->fault_pending_wqh.lock);
+ /*
+ * No need of list_del_init(), the uwq on the stack
+ * will be freed shortly anyway.
+ */
+ list_del(&uwq.wq.task_list);
+ spin_unlock(&ctx->fault_pending_wqh.lock);
}
/*
@@ -345,59 +363,38 @@ static int userfaultfd_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
/*
- * After no new page faults can wait on this fault_wqh, flush
+ * After no new page faults can wait on this fault_*wqh, flush
* the last page faults that may have been already waiting on
- * the fault_wqh.
+ * the fault_*wqh.
*/
- spin_lock(&ctx->fault_wqh.lock);
+ spin_lock(&ctx->fault_pending_wqh.lock);
+ __wake_up_locked_key(&ctx->fault_pending_wqh, TASK_NORMAL, 0, &range);
__wake_up_locked_key(&ctx->fault_wqh, TASK_NORMAL, 0, &range);
- spin_unlock(&ctx->fault_wqh.lock);
+ spin_unlock(&ctx->fault_pending_wqh.lock);
wake_up_poll(&ctx->fd_wqh, POLLHUP);
userfaultfd_ctx_put(ctx);
return 0;
}
-/* fault_wqh.lock must be hold by the caller */
-static inline unsigned int find_userfault(struct userfaultfd_ctx *ctx,
- struct userfaultfd_wait_queue **uwq)
+/* fault_pending_wqh.lock must be hold by the caller */
+static inline struct userfaultfd_wait_queue *find_userfault(
+ struct userfaultfd_ctx *ctx)
{
wait_queue_t *wq;
- struct userfaultfd_wait_queue *_uwq;
- unsigned int ret = 0;
-
- VM_BUG_ON(!spin_is_locked(&ctx->fault_wqh.lock));
+ struct userfaultfd_wait_queue *uwq;
- list_for_each_entry(wq, &ctx->fault_wqh.task_list, task_list) {
- _uwq = container_of(wq, struct userfaultfd_wait_queue, wq);
- if (_uwq->pending) {
- ret = POLLIN;
- if (!uwq)
- /*
- * If there's at least a pending and
- * we don't care which one it is,
- * break immediately and leverage the
- * efficiency of the LIFO walk.
- */
- break;
- /*
- * If we need to find which one was pending we
- * keep walking until we find the first not
- * pending one, so we read() them in FIFO order.
- */
- *uwq = _uwq;
- } else
- /*
- * break the loop at the first not pending
- * one, there cannot be pending userfaults
- * after the first not pending one, because
- * all new pending ones are inserted at the
- * head and we walk it in LIFO.
- */
- break;
- }
+ VM_BUG_ON(!spin_is_locked(&ctx->fault_pending_wqh.lock));
- return ret;
+ uwq = NULL;
+ if (!waitqueue_active(&ctx->fault_pending_wqh))
+ goto out;
+ /* walk in reverse to provide FIFO behavior to read userfaults */
+ wq = list_last_entry(&ctx->fault_pending_wqh.task_list,
+ typeof(*wq), task_list);
+ uwq = container_of(wq, struct userfaultfd_wait_queue, wq);
+out:
+ return uwq;
}
static unsigned int userfaultfd_poll(struct file *file, poll_table *wait)
@@ -417,9 +414,20 @@ static unsigned int userfaultfd_poll(struct file *file, poll_table *wait)
*/
if (unlikely(!(file->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK)))
return POLLERR;
- spin_lock(&ctx->fault_wqh.lock);
- ret = find_userfault(ctx, NULL);
- spin_unlock(&ctx->fault_wqh.lock);
+ /*
+ * lockless access to see if there are pending faults
+ * __pollwait last action is the add_wait_queue but
+ * the spin_unlock would allow the waitqueue_active to
+ * pass above the actual list_add inside
+ * add_wait_queue critical section. So use a full
+ * memory barrier to serialize the list_add write of
+ * add_wait_queue() with the waitqueue_active read
+ * below.
+ */
+ ret = 0;
+ smp_mb();
+ if (waitqueue_active(&ctx->fault_pending_wqh))
+ ret = POLLIN;
return ret;
default:
BUG();
@@ -431,27 +439,47 @@ static ssize_t userfaultfd_ctx_read(struct userfaultfd_ctx *ctx, int no_wait,
{
ssize_t ret;
DECLARE_WAITQUEUE(wait, current);
- struct userfaultfd_wait_queue *uwq = NULL;
+ struct userfaultfd_wait_queue *uwq;
- /* always take the fd_wqh lock before the fault_wqh lock */
+ /* always take the fd_wqh lock before the fault_pending_wqh lock */
spin_lock(&ctx->fd_wqh.lock);
__add_wait_queue(&ctx->fd_wqh, &wait);
for (;;) {
set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
- spin_lock(&ctx->fault_wqh.lock);
- if (find_userfault(ctx, &uwq)) {
+ spin_lock(&ctx->fault_pending_wqh.lock);
+ uwq = find_userfault(ctx);
+ if (uwq) {
/*
- * The fault_wqh.lock prevents the uwq to
- * disappear from under us.
+ * The fault_pending_wqh.lock prevents the uwq
+ * to disappear from under us.
+ *
+ * Refile this userfault from
+ * fault_pending_wqh to fault_wqh, it's not
+ * pending anymore after we read it.
+ *
+ * Use list_del() by hand (as
+ * userfaultfd_wake_function also uses
+ * list_del_init() by hand) to be sure nobody
+ * changes __remove_wait_queue() to use
+ * list_del_init() in turn breaking the
+ * !list_empty_careful() check in
+ * handle_userfault(). The uwq->wq.task_list
+ * must never be empty at any time during the
+ * refile, or the waitqueue could disappear
+ * from under us. The "wait_queue_head_t"
+ * parameter of __remove_wait_queue() is unused
+ * anyway.
*/
- uwq->pending = false;
+ list_del(&uwq->wq.task_list);
+ __add_wait_queue(&ctx->fault_wqh, &uwq->wq);
+
/* careful to always initialize msg if ret == 0 */
*msg = uwq->msg;
- spin_unlock(&ctx->fault_wqh.lock);
+ spin_unlock(&ctx->fault_pending_wqh.lock);
ret = 0;
break;
}
- spin_unlock(&ctx->fault_wqh.lock);
+ spin_unlock(&ctx->fault_pending_wqh.lock);
if (signal_pending(current)) {
ret = -ERESTARTSYS;
break;
@@ -510,10 +538,14 @@ static void __wake_userfault(struct userfaultfd_ctx *ctx,
start = range->start;
end = range->start + range->len;
- spin_lock(&ctx->fault_wqh.lock);
+ spin_lock(&ctx->fault_pending_wqh.lock);
/* wake all in the range and autoremove */
- __wake_up_locked_key(&ctx->fault_wqh, TASK_NORMAL, 0, range);
- spin_unlock(&ctx->fault_wqh.lock);
+ if (waitqueue_active(&ctx->fault_pending_wqh))
+ __wake_up_locked_key(&ctx->fault_pending_wqh, TASK_NORMAL, 0,
+ range);
+ if (waitqueue_active(&ctx->fault_wqh))
+ __wake_up_locked_key(&ctx->fault_wqh, TASK_NORMAL, 0, range);
+ spin_unlock(&ctx->fault_pending_wqh.lock);
}
static __always_inline void wake_userfault(struct userfaultfd_ctx *ctx,
@@ -534,7 +566,8 @@ static __always_inline void wake_userfault(struct userfaultfd_ctx *ctx,
* userfaults yet. So we take the spinlock only when we're
* sure we've userfaults to wake.
*/
- if (waitqueue_active(&ctx->fault_wqh))
+ if (waitqueue_active(&ctx->fault_pending_wqh) ||
+ waitqueue_active(&ctx->fault_wqh))
__wake_userfault(ctx, range);
}
@@ -960,14 +993,17 @@ static void userfaultfd_show_fdinfo(struct seq_file *m, struct file *f)
struct userfaultfd_wait_queue *uwq;
unsigned long pending = 0, total = 0;
- spin_lock(&ctx->fault_wqh.lock);
+ spin_lock(&ctx->fault_pending_wqh.lock);
+ list_for_each_entry(wq, &ctx->fault_pending_wqh.task_list, task_list) {
+ uwq = container_of(wq, struct userfaultfd_wait_queue, wq);
+ pending++;
+ total++;
+ }
list_for_each_entry(wq, &ctx->fault_wqh.task_list, task_list) {
uwq = container_of(wq, struct userfaultfd_wait_queue, wq);
- if (uwq->pending)
- pending++;
total++;
}
- spin_unlock(&ctx->fault_wqh.lock);
+ spin_unlock(&ctx->fault_pending_wqh.lock);
/*
* If more protocols will be added, there will be all shown
@@ -1027,6 +1063,7 @@ static struct file *userfaultfd_file_create(int flags)
goto out;
atomic_set(&ctx->refcount, 1);
+ init_waitqueue_head(&ctx->fault_pending_wqh);
init_waitqueue_head(&ctx->fault_wqh);
init_waitqueue_head(&ctx->fd_wqh);
ctx->flags = flags;

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