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authorDan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>2014-03-03 23:38:21 (GMT)
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2014-03-04 15:55:47 (GMT)
commit3b7a6418c7494b8bf0bf0537ddee1dedbca10f51 (patch)
treed40bbdfb1f0d2690d14f22988450a2f8b91b6767 /lib/dma-debug.c
parent668f9abbd4334e6c29fa8acd71635c4f9101caa7 (diff)
dma debug: account for cachelines and read-only mappings in overlap tracking
While debug_dma_assert_idle() checks if a given *page* is actively undergoing dma the valid granularity of a dma mapping is a *cacheline*. Sander's testing shows that the warning message "DMA-API: exceeded 7 overlapping mappings of pfn..." is falsely triggering. The test is simply mapping multiple cachelines in a given page. Ultimately we want overlap tracking to be valid as it is a real api violation, so we need to track active mappings by cachelines. Update the active dma tracking to use the page-frame-relative cacheline of the mapping as the key, and update debug_dma_assert_idle() to check for all possible mapped cachelines for a given page. However, the need to track active mappings is only relevant when the dma-mapping is writable by the device. In fact it is fairly standard for read-only mappings to have hundreds or thousands of overlapping mappings at once. Limiting the overlap tracking to writable (!DMA_TO_DEVICE) eliminates this class of false-positive overlap reports. Note, the radix gang lookup is sub-optimal. It would be best if it stopped fetching entries once the search passed a page boundary. Nevertheless, this implementation does not perturb the original net_dma failing case. That is to say the extra overhead does not show up in terms of making the failing case pass due to a timing change. References: http://marc.info/?l=linux-netdev&m=139232263419315&w=2 http://marc.info/?l=linux-netdev&m=139217088107122&w=2 Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com> Reported-by: Sander Eikelenboom <linux@eikelenboom.it> Reported-by: Dave Jones <davej@redhat.com> Tested-by: Dave Jones <davej@redhat.com> Tested-by: Sander Eikelenboom <linux@eikelenboom.it> Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com> Cc: Francois Romieu <romieu@fr.zoreil.com> Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com> Cc: Wei Liu <wei.liu2@citrix.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Diffstat (limited to 'lib/dma-debug.c')
-rw-r--r--lib/dma-debug.c131
1 files changed, 85 insertions, 46 deletions
diff --git a/lib/dma-debug.c b/lib/dma-debug.c
index 2defd13..98f2d7e 100644
--- a/lib/dma-debug.c
+++ b/lib/dma-debug.c
@@ -424,111 +424,134 @@ void debug_dma_dump_mappings(struct device *dev)
EXPORT_SYMBOL(debug_dma_dump_mappings);
/*
- * For each page mapped (initial page in the case of
- * dma_alloc_coherent/dma_map_{single|page}, or each page in a
- * scatterlist) insert into this tree using the pfn as the key. At
+ * For each mapping (initial cacheline in the case of
+ * dma_alloc_coherent/dma_map_page, initial cacheline in each page of a
+ * scatterlist, or the cacheline specified in dma_map_single) insert
+ * into this tree using the cacheline as the key. At
* dma_unmap_{single|sg|page} or dma_free_coherent delete the entry. If
- * the pfn already exists at insertion time add a tag as a reference
+ * the entry already exists at insertion time add a tag as a reference
* count for the overlapping mappings. For now, the overlap tracking
- * just ensures that 'unmaps' balance 'maps' before marking the pfn
- * idle, but we should also be flagging overlaps as an API violation.
+ * just ensures that 'unmaps' balance 'maps' before marking the
+ * cacheline idle, but we should also be flagging overlaps as an API
+ * violation.
*
* Memory usage is mostly constrained by the maximum number of available
* dma-debug entries in that we need a free dma_debug_entry before
- * inserting into the tree. In the case of dma_map_{single|page} and
- * dma_alloc_coherent there is only one dma_debug_entry and one pfn to
- * track per event. dma_map_sg(), on the other hand,
- * consumes a single dma_debug_entry, but inserts 'nents' entries into
- * the tree.
+ * inserting into the tree. In the case of dma_map_page and
+ * dma_alloc_coherent there is only one dma_debug_entry and one
+ * dma_active_cacheline entry to track per event. dma_map_sg(), on the
+ * other hand, consumes a single dma_debug_entry, but inserts 'nents'
+ * entries into the tree.
*
* At any time debug_dma_assert_idle() can be called to trigger a
- * warning if the given page is in the active set.
+ * warning if any cachelines in the given page are in the active set.
*/
-static RADIX_TREE(dma_active_pfn, GFP_NOWAIT);
+static RADIX_TREE(dma_active_cacheline, GFP_NOWAIT);
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(radix_lock);
-#define ACTIVE_PFN_MAX_OVERLAP ((1 << RADIX_TREE_MAX_TAGS) - 1)
+#define ACTIVE_CACHELINE_MAX_OVERLAP ((1 << RADIX_TREE_MAX_TAGS) - 1)
+#define CACHELINE_PER_PAGE_SHIFT (PAGE_SHIFT - L1_CACHE_SHIFT)
+#define CACHELINES_PER_PAGE (1 << CACHELINE_PER_PAGE_SHIFT)
-static int active_pfn_read_overlap(unsigned long pfn)
+static phys_addr_t to_cacheline_number(struct dma_debug_entry *entry)
+{
+ return (entry->pfn << CACHELINE_PER_PAGE_SHIFT) +
+ (entry->offset >> L1_CACHE_SHIFT);
+}
+
+static int active_cacheline_read_overlap(phys_addr_t cln)
{
int overlap = 0, i;
for (i = RADIX_TREE_MAX_TAGS - 1; i >= 0; i--)
- if (radix_tree_tag_get(&dma_active_pfn, pfn, i))
+ if (radix_tree_tag_get(&dma_active_cacheline, cln, i))
overlap |= 1 << i;
return overlap;
}
-static int active_pfn_set_overlap(unsigned long pfn, int overlap)
+static int active_cacheline_set_overlap(phys_addr_t cln, int overlap)
{
int i;
- if (overlap > ACTIVE_PFN_MAX_OVERLAP || overlap < 0)
+ if (overlap > ACTIVE_CACHELINE_MAX_OVERLAP || overlap < 0)
return overlap;
for (i = RADIX_TREE_MAX_TAGS - 1; i >= 0; i--)
if (overlap & 1 << i)
- radix_tree_tag_set(&dma_active_pfn, pfn, i);
+ radix_tree_tag_set(&dma_active_cacheline, cln, i);
else
- radix_tree_tag_clear(&dma_active_pfn, pfn, i);
+ radix_tree_tag_clear(&dma_active_cacheline, cln, i);
return overlap;
}
-static void active_pfn_inc_overlap(unsigned long pfn)
+static void active_cacheline_inc_overlap(phys_addr_t cln)
{
- int overlap = active_pfn_read_overlap(pfn);
+ int overlap = active_cacheline_read_overlap(cln);
- overlap = active_pfn_set_overlap(pfn, ++overlap);
+ overlap = active_cacheline_set_overlap(cln, ++overlap);
/* If we overflowed the overlap counter then we're potentially
* leaking dma-mappings. Otherwise, if maps and unmaps are
* balanced then this overflow may cause false negatives in
- * debug_dma_assert_idle() as the pfn may be marked idle
+ * debug_dma_assert_idle() as the cacheline may be marked idle
* prematurely.
*/
- WARN_ONCE(overlap > ACTIVE_PFN_MAX_OVERLAP,
- "DMA-API: exceeded %d overlapping mappings of pfn %lx\n",
- ACTIVE_PFN_MAX_OVERLAP, pfn);
+ WARN_ONCE(overlap > ACTIVE_CACHELINE_MAX_OVERLAP,
+ "DMA-API: exceeded %d overlapping mappings of cacheline %pa\n",
+ ACTIVE_CACHELINE_MAX_OVERLAP, &cln);
}
-static int active_pfn_dec_overlap(unsigned long pfn)
+static int active_cacheline_dec_overlap(phys_addr_t cln)
{
- int overlap = active_pfn_read_overlap(pfn);
+ int overlap = active_cacheline_read_overlap(cln);
- return active_pfn_set_overlap(pfn, --overlap);
+ return active_cacheline_set_overlap(cln, --overlap);
}
-static int active_pfn_insert(struct dma_debug_entry *entry)
+static int active_cacheline_insert(struct dma_debug_entry *entry)
{
+ phys_addr_t cln = to_cacheline_number(entry);
unsigned long flags;
int rc;
+ /* If the device is not writing memory then we don't have any
+ * concerns about the cpu consuming stale data. This mitigates
+ * legitimate usages of overlapping mappings.
+ */
+ if (entry->direction == DMA_TO_DEVICE)
+ return 0;
+
spin_lock_irqsave(&radix_lock, flags);
- rc = radix_tree_insert(&dma_active_pfn, entry->pfn, entry);
+ rc = radix_tree_insert(&dma_active_cacheline, cln, entry);
if (rc == -EEXIST)
- active_pfn_inc_overlap(entry->pfn);
+ active_cacheline_inc_overlap(cln);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&radix_lock, flags);
return rc;
}
-static void active_pfn_remove(struct dma_debug_entry *entry)
+static void active_cacheline_remove(struct dma_debug_entry *entry)
{
+ phys_addr_t cln = to_cacheline_number(entry);
unsigned long flags;
+ /* ...mirror the insert case */
+ if (entry->direction == DMA_TO_DEVICE)
+ return;
+
spin_lock_irqsave(&radix_lock, flags);
/* since we are counting overlaps the final put of the
- * entry->pfn will occur when the overlap count is 0.
- * active_pfn_dec_overlap() returns -1 in that case
+ * cacheline will occur when the overlap count is 0.
+ * active_cacheline_dec_overlap() returns -1 in that case
*/
- if (active_pfn_dec_overlap(entry->pfn) < 0)
- radix_tree_delete(&dma_active_pfn, entry->pfn);
+ if (active_cacheline_dec_overlap(cln) < 0)
+ radix_tree_delete(&dma_active_cacheline, cln);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&radix_lock, flags);
}
/**
* debug_dma_assert_idle() - assert that a page is not undergoing dma
- * @page: page to lookup in the dma_active_pfn tree
+ * @page: page to lookup in the dma_active_cacheline tree
*
* Place a call to this routine in cases where the cpu touching the page
* before the dma completes (page is dma_unmapped) will lead to data
@@ -536,22 +559,38 @@ static void active_pfn_remove(struct dma_debug_entry *entry)
*/
void debug_dma_assert_idle(struct page *page)
{
+ static struct dma_debug_entry *ents[CACHELINES_PER_PAGE];
+ struct dma_debug_entry *entry = NULL;
+ void **results = (void **) &ents;
+ unsigned int nents, i;
unsigned long flags;
- struct dma_debug_entry *entry;
+ phys_addr_t cln;
if (!page)
return;
+ cln = (phys_addr_t) page_to_pfn(page) << CACHELINE_PER_PAGE_SHIFT;
spin_lock_irqsave(&radix_lock, flags);
- entry = radix_tree_lookup(&dma_active_pfn, page_to_pfn(page));
+ nents = radix_tree_gang_lookup(&dma_active_cacheline, results, cln,
+ CACHELINES_PER_PAGE);
+ for (i = 0; i < nents; i++) {
+ phys_addr_t ent_cln = to_cacheline_number(ents[i]);
+
+ if (ent_cln == cln) {
+ entry = ents[i];
+ break;
+ } else if (ent_cln >= cln + CACHELINES_PER_PAGE)
+ break;
+ }
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&radix_lock, flags);
if (!entry)
return;
+ cln = to_cacheline_number(entry);
err_printk(entry->dev, entry,
- "DMA-API: cpu touching an active dma mapped page "
- "[pfn=0x%lx]\n", entry->pfn);
+ "DMA-API: cpu touching an active dma mapped cacheline [cln=%pa]\n",
+ &cln);
}
/*
@@ -568,9 +607,9 @@ static void add_dma_entry(struct dma_debug_entry *entry)
hash_bucket_add(bucket, entry);
put_hash_bucket(bucket, &flags);
- rc = active_pfn_insert(entry);
+ rc = active_cacheline_insert(entry);
if (rc == -ENOMEM) {
- pr_err("DMA-API: pfn tracking ENOMEM, dma-debug disabled\n");
+ pr_err("DMA-API: cacheline tracking ENOMEM, dma-debug disabled\n");
global_disable = true;
}
@@ -631,7 +670,7 @@ static void dma_entry_free(struct dma_debug_entry *entry)
{
unsigned long flags;
- active_pfn_remove(entry);
+ active_cacheline_remove(entry);
/*
* add to beginning of the list - this way the entries are

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