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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2015-09-08 19:28:10 (GMT)
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>2015-09-08 19:28:10 (GMT)
commit6f0a2fc1feb19bd142961a39dc118e7e55418b3f (patch)
tree74ce14c6d03d8e3df9b6e624e02c2401c24684fe /lib
parent752240e74d650faa24425adc523f1308973ea51c (diff)
parent96f0e00378d4a1fc1b79933ef84e1595015de808 (diff)
Merge branch 'nmi' of git://ftp.arm.linux.org.uk/~rmk/linux-arm
Pull NMI backtrace update from Russell King: "These changes convert the x86 NMI handling to be a library implementation which other architectures can make use of. Thomas Gleixner has reviewed and tested these changes, and wishes me to send these rather than taking them through the tip tree. The final patch in the set adds an initial implementation using this infrastructure to ARM, even though it doesn't send the IPI at "NMI" level. Patches are in progress to add the ARM equivalent of NMI, but we still need the IRQ-level fallback for systems where the "NMI" isn't available due to secure firmware denying access to it" * 'nmi' of git://ftp.arm.linux.org.uk/~rmk/linux-arm: ARM: add basic support for on-demand backtrace of other CPUs nmi: x86: convert to generic nmi handler nmi: create generic NMI backtrace implementation
Diffstat (limited to 'lib')
-rw-r--r--lib/Makefile2
-rw-r--r--lib/nmi_backtrace.c162
2 files changed, 163 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/lib/Makefile b/lib/Makefile
index f01c558..13a7c6a 100644
--- a/lib/Makefile
+++ b/lib/Makefile
@@ -13,7 +13,7 @@ lib-y := ctype.o string.o vsprintf.o cmdline.o \
sha1.o md5.o irq_regs.o argv_split.o \
proportions.o flex_proportions.o ratelimit.o show_mem.o \
is_single_threaded.o plist.o decompress.o kobject_uevent.o \
- earlycpio.o seq_buf.o
+ earlycpio.o seq_buf.o nmi_backtrace.o
obj-$(CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_DEBUG_STRICT_USER_COPY_CHECKS) += usercopy.o
lib-$(CONFIG_MMU) += ioremap.o
diff --git a/lib/nmi_backtrace.c b/lib/nmi_backtrace.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..88d3d32
--- /dev/null
+++ b/lib/nmi_backtrace.c
@@ -0,0 +1,162 @@
+/*
+ * NMI backtrace support
+ *
+ * Gratuitously copied from arch/x86/kernel/apic/hw_nmi.c by Russell King,
+ * with the following header:
+ *
+ * HW NMI watchdog support
+ *
+ * started by Don Zickus, Copyright (C) 2010 Red Hat, Inc.
+ *
+ * Arch specific calls to support NMI watchdog
+ *
+ * Bits copied from original nmi.c file
+ */
+#include <linux/cpumask.h>
+#include <linux/delay.h>
+#include <linux/kprobes.h>
+#include <linux/nmi.h>
+#include <linux/seq_buf.h>
+
+#ifdef arch_trigger_all_cpu_backtrace
+/* For reliability, we're prepared to waste bits here. */
+static DECLARE_BITMAP(backtrace_mask, NR_CPUS) __read_mostly;
+static cpumask_t printtrace_mask;
+
+#define NMI_BUF_SIZE 4096
+
+struct nmi_seq_buf {
+ unsigned char buffer[NMI_BUF_SIZE];
+ struct seq_buf seq;
+};
+
+/* Safe printing in NMI context */
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct nmi_seq_buf, nmi_print_seq);
+
+/* "in progress" flag of arch_trigger_all_cpu_backtrace */
+static unsigned long backtrace_flag;
+
+static void print_seq_line(struct nmi_seq_buf *s, int start, int end)
+{
+ const char *buf = s->buffer + start;
+
+ printk("%.*s", (end - start) + 1, buf);
+}
+
+void nmi_trigger_all_cpu_backtrace(bool include_self,
+ void (*raise)(cpumask_t *mask))
+{
+ struct nmi_seq_buf *s;
+ int i, cpu, this_cpu = get_cpu();
+
+ if (test_and_set_bit(0, &backtrace_flag)) {
+ /*
+ * If there is already a trigger_all_cpu_backtrace() in progress
+ * (backtrace_flag == 1), don't output double cpu dump infos.
+ */
+ put_cpu();
+ return;
+ }
+
+ cpumask_copy(to_cpumask(backtrace_mask), cpu_online_mask);
+ if (!include_self)
+ cpumask_clear_cpu(this_cpu, to_cpumask(backtrace_mask));
+
+ cpumask_copy(&printtrace_mask, to_cpumask(backtrace_mask));
+
+ /*
+ * Set up per_cpu seq_buf buffers that the NMIs running on the other
+ * CPUs will write to.
+ */
+ for_each_cpu(cpu, to_cpumask(backtrace_mask)) {
+ s = &per_cpu(nmi_print_seq, cpu);
+ seq_buf_init(&s->seq, s->buffer, NMI_BUF_SIZE);
+ }
+
+ if (!cpumask_empty(to_cpumask(backtrace_mask))) {
+ pr_info("Sending NMI to %s CPUs:\n",
+ (include_self ? "all" : "other"));
+ raise(to_cpumask(backtrace_mask));
+ }
+
+ /* Wait for up to 10 seconds for all CPUs to do the backtrace */
+ for (i = 0; i < 10 * 1000; i++) {
+ if (cpumask_empty(to_cpumask(backtrace_mask)))
+ break;
+ mdelay(1);
+ touch_softlockup_watchdog();
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Now that all the NMIs have triggered, we can dump out their
+ * back traces safely to the console.
+ */
+ for_each_cpu(cpu, &printtrace_mask) {
+ int len, last_i = 0;
+
+ s = &per_cpu(nmi_print_seq, cpu);
+ len = seq_buf_used(&s->seq);
+ if (!len)
+ continue;
+
+ /* Print line by line. */
+ for (i = 0; i < len; i++) {
+ if (s->buffer[i] == '\n') {
+ print_seq_line(s, last_i, i);
+ last_i = i + 1;
+ }
+ }
+ /* Check if there was a partial line. */
+ if (last_i < len) {
+ print_seq_line(s, last_i, len - 1);
+ pr_cont("\n");
+ }
+ }
+
+ clear_bit(0, &backtrace_flag);
+ smp_mb__after_atomic();
+ put_cpu();
+}
+
+/*
+ * It is not safe to call printk() directly from NMI handlers.
+ * It may be fine if the NMI detected a lock up and we have no choice
+ * but to do so, but doing a NMI on all other CPUs to get a back trace
+ * can be done with a sysrq-l. We don't want that to lock up, which
+ * can happen if the NMI interrupts a printk in progress.
+ *
+ * Instead, we redirect the vprintk() to this nmi_vprintk() that writes
+ * the content into a per cpu seq_buf buffer. Then when the NMIs are
+ * all done, we can safely dump the contents of the seq_buf to a printk()
+ * from a non NMI context.
+ */
+static int nmi_vprintk(const char *fmt, va_list args)
+{
+ struct nmi_seq_buf *s = this_cpu_ptr(&nmi_print_seq);
+ unsigned int len = seq_buf_used(&s->seq);
+
+ seq_buf_vprintf(&s->seq, fmt, args);
+ return seq_buf_used(&s->seq) - len;
+}
+
+bool nmi_cpu_backtrace(struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ int cpu = smp_processor_id();
+
+ if (cpumask_test_cpu(cpu, to_cpumask(backtrace_mask))) {
+ printk_func_t printk_func_save = this_cpu_read(printk_func);
+
+ /* Replace printk to write into the NMI seq */
+ this_cpu_write(printk_func, nmi_vprintk);
+ pr_warn("NMI backtrace for cpu %d\n", cpu);
+ show_regs(regs);
+ this_cpu_write(printk_func, printk_func_save);
+
+ cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, to_cpumask(backtrace_mask));
+ return true;
+ }
+
+ return false;
+}
+NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(nmi_cpu_backtrace);
+#endif

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