aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/samples
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
authorAlexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com>2014-12-01 23:06:37 (GMT)
committerDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>2014-12-06 05:47:33 (GMT)
commit249b812d8005ec38e351ee763ceb85d56b155064 (patch)
treeb81980d495f62e9a167ab75e132da0d387713179 /samples
parent03f4723ed7a52bd31da26eefe2cdde563ea0f468 (diff)
samples: bpf: elf_bpf file loader
simple .o parser and loader using BPF syscall. .o is a standard ELF generated by LLVM backend It parses elf file compiled by llvm .c->.o - parses 'maps' section and creates maps via BPF syscall - parses 'license' section and passes it to syscall - parses elf relocations for BPF maps and adjusts BPF_LD_IMM64 insns by storing map_fd into insn->imm and marking such insns as BPF_PSEUDO_MAP_FD - loads eBPF programs via BPF syscall One ELF file can contain multiple BPF programs. int load_bpf_file(char *path); populates prog_fd[] and map_fd[] with FDs received from bpf syscall bpf_helpers.h - helper functions available to eBPF programs written in C Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Diffstat (limited to 'samples')
-rw-r--r--samples/bpf/bpf_helpers.h40
-rw-r--r--samples/bpf/bpf_load.c203
-rw-r--r--samples/bpf/bpf_load.h24
3 files changed, 267 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/samples/bpf/bpf_helpers.h b/samples/bpf/bpf_helpers.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ca03331
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/bpf/bpf_helpers.h
@@ -0,0 +1,40 @@
+#ifndef __BPF_HELPERS_H
+#define __BPF_HELPERS_H
+
+/* helper macro to place programs, maps, license in
+ * different sections in elf_bpf file. Section names
+ * are interpreted by elf_bpf loader
+ */
+#define SEC(NAME) __attribute__((section(NAME), used))
+
+/* helper functions called from eBPF programs written in C */
+static void *(*bpf_map_lookup_elem)(void *map, void *key) =
+ (void *) BPF_FUNC_map_lookup_elem;
+static int (*bpf_map_update_elem)(void *map, void *key, void *value,
+ unsigned long long flags) =
+ (void *) BPF_FUNC_map_update_elem;
+static int (*bpf_map_delete_elem)(void *map, void *key) =
+ (void *) BPF_FUNC_map_delete_elem;
+
+/* llvm builtin functions that eBPF C program may use to
+ * emit BPF_LD_ABS and BPF_LD_IND instructions
+ */
+struct sk_buff;
+unsigned long long load_byte(void *skb,
+ unsigned long long off) asm("llvm.bpf.load.byte");
+unsigned long long load_half(void *skb,
+ unsigned long long off) asm("llvm.bpf.load.half");
+unsigned long long load_word(void *skb,
+ unsigned long long off) asm("llvm.bpf.load.word");
+
+/* a helper structure used by eBPF C program
+ * to describe map attributes to elf_bpf loader
+ */
+struct bpf_map_def {
+ unsigned int type;
+ unsigned int key_size;
+ unsigned int value_size;
+ unsigned int max_entries;
+};
+
+#endif
diff --git a/samples/bpf/bpf_load.c b/samples/bpf/bpf_load.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1831d23
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/bpf/bpf_load.c
@@ -0,0 +1,203 @@
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <libelf.h>
+#include <gelf.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <stdbool.h>
+#include <linux/bpf.h>
+#include <linux/filter.h>
+#include "libbpf.h"
+#include "bpf_helpers.h"
+#include "bpf_load.h"
+
+static char license[128];
+static bool processed_sec[128];
+int map_fd[MAX_MAPS];
+int prog_fd[MAX_PROGS];
+int prog_cnt;
+
+static int load_and_attach(const char *event, struct bpf_insn *prog, int size)
+{
+ int fd;
+ bool is_socket = strncmp(event, "socket", 6) == 0;
+
+ if (!is_socket)
+ /* tracing events tbd */
+ return -1;
+
+ fd = bpf_prog_load(BPF_PROG_TYPE_SOCKET_FILTER,
+ prog, size, license);
+
+ if (fd < 0) {
+ printf("bpf_prog_load() err=%d\n%s", errno, bpf_log_buf);
+ return -1;
+ }
+
+ prog_fd[prog_cnt++] = fd;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int load_maps(struct bpf_map_def *maps, int len)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < len / sizeof(struct bpf_map_def); i++) {
+
+ map_fd[i] = bpf_create_map(maps[i].type,
+ maps[i].key_size,
+ maps[i].value_size,
+ maps[i].max_entries);
+ if (map_fd[i] < 0)
+ return 1;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int get_sec(Elf *elf, int i, GElf_Ehdr *ehdr, char **shname,
+ GElf_Shdr *shdr, Elf_Data **data)
+{
+ Elf_Scn *scn;
+
+ scn = elf_getscn(elf, i);
+ if (!scn)
+ return 1;
+
+ if (gelf_getshdr(scn, shdr) != shdr)
+ return 2;
+
+ *shname = elf_strptr(elf, ehdr->e_shstrndx, shdr->sh_name);
+ if (!*shname || !shdr->sh_size)
+ return 3;
+
+ *data = elf_getdata(scn, 0);
+ if (!*data || elf_getdata(scn, *data) != NULL)
+ return 4;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int parse_relo_and_apply(Elf_Data *data, Elf_Data *symbols,
+ GElf_Shdr *shdr, struct bpf_insn *insn)
+{
+ int i, nrels;
+
+ nrels = shdr->sh_size / shdr->sh_entsize;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < nrels; i++) {
+ GElf_Sym sym;
+ GElf_Rel rel;
+ unsigned int insn_idx;
+
+ gelf_getrel(data, i, &rel);
+
+ insn_idx = rel.r_offset / sizeof(struct bpf_insn);
+
+ gelf_getsym(symbols, GELF_R_SYM(rel.r_info), &sym);
+
+ if (insn[insn_idx].code != (BPF_LD | BPF_IMM | BPF_DW)) {
+ printf("invalid relo for insn[%d].code 0x%x\n",
+ insn_idx, insn[insn_idx].code);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ insn[insn_idx].src_reg = BPF_PSEUDO_MAP_FD;
+ insn[insn_idx].imm = map_fd[sym.st_value / sizeof(struct bpf_map_def)];
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+int load_bpf_file(char *path)
+{
+ int fd, i;
+ Elf *elf;
+ GElf_Ehdr ehdr;
+ GElf_Shdr shdr, shdr_prog;
+ Elf_Data *data, *data_prog, *symbols = NULL;
+ char *shname, *shname_prog;
+
+ if (elf_version(EV_CURRENT) == EV_NONE)
+ return 1;
+
+ fd = open(path, O_RDONLY, 0);
+ if (fd < 0)
+ return 1;
+
+ elf = elf_begin(fd, ELF_C_READ, NULL);
+
+ if (!elf)
+ return 1;
+
+ if (gelf_getehdr(elf, &ehdr) != &ehdr)
+ return 1;
+
+ /* scan over all elf sections to get license and map info */
+ for (i = 1; i < ehdr.e_shnum; i++) {
+
+ if (get_sec(elf, i, &ehdr, &shname, &shdr, &data))
+ continue;
+
+ if (0) /* helpful for llvm debugging */
+ printf("section %d:%s data %p size %zd link %d flags %d\n",
+ i, shname, data->d_buf, data->d_size,
+ shdr.sh_link, (int) shdr.sh_flags);
+
+ if (strcmp(shname, "license") == 0) {
+ processed_sec[i] = true;
+ memcpy(license, data->d_buf, data->d_size);
+ } else if (strcmp(shname, "maps") == 0) {
+ processed_sec[i] = true;
+ if (load_maps(data->d_buf, data->d_size))
+ return 1;
+ } else if (shdr.sh_type == SHT_SYMTAB) {
+ symbols = data;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* load programs that need map fixup (relocations) */
+ for (i = 1; i < ehdr.e_shnum; i++) {
+
+ if (get_sec(elf, i, &ehdr, &shname, &shdr, &data))
+ continue;
+ if (shdr.sh_type == SHT_REL) {
+ struct bpf_insn *insns;
+
+ if (get_sec(elf, shdr.sh_info, &ehdr, &shname_prog,
+ &shdr_prog, &data_prog))
+ continue;
+
+ insns = (struct bpf_insn *) data_prog->d_buf;
+
+ processed_sec[shdr.sh_info] = true;
+ processed_sec[i] = true;
+
+ if (parse_relo_and_apply(data, symbols, &shdr, insns))
+ continue;
+
+ if (memcmp(shname_prog, "events/", 7) == 0 ||
+ memcmp(shname_prog, "socket", 6) == 0)
+ load_and_attach(shname_prog, insns, data_prog->d_size);
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* load programs that don't use maps */
+ for (i = 1; i < ehdr.e_shnum; i++) {
+
+ if (processed_sec[i])
+ continue;
+
+ if (get_sec(elf, i, &ehdr, &shname, &shdr, &data))
+ continue;
+
+ if (memcmp(shname, "events/", 7) == 0 ||
+ memcmp(shname, "socket", 6) == 0)
+ load_and_attach(shname, data->d_buf, data->d_size);
+ }
+
+ close(fd);
+ return 0;
+}
diff --git a/samples/bpf/bpf_load.h b/samples/bpf/bpf_load.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..27789a3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/samples/bpf/bpf_load.h
@@ -0,0 +1,24 @@
+#ifndef __BPF_LOAD_H
+#define __BPF_LOAD_H
+
+#define MAX_MAPS 32
+#define MAX_PROGS 32
+
+extern int map_fd[MAX_MAPS];
+extern int prog_fd[MAX_PROGS];
+
+/* parses elf file compiled by llvm .c->.o
+ * . parses 'maps' section and creates maps via BPF syscall
+ * . parses 'license' section and passes it to syscall
+ * . parses elf relocations for BPF maps and adjusts BPF_LD_IMM64 insns by
+ * storing map_fd into insn->imm and marking such insns as BPF_PSEUDO_MAP_FD
+ * . loads eBPF programs via BPF syscall
+ *
+ * One ELF file can contain multiple BPF programs which will be loaded
+ * and their FDs stored stored in prog_fd array
+ *
+ * returns zero on success
+ */
+int load_bpf_file(char *path);
+
+#endif

Privacy Policy