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-rw-r--r--Documentation/RCU/rcu_dereference.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RCU/stallwarn.txt29
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RCU/trace.txt36
-rw-r--r--Documentation/RCU/whatisRCU.txt2
-rw-r--r--Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt35
-rw-r--r--Documentation/memory-barriers.txt404
-rw-r--r--MAINTAINERS6
-rw-r--r--arch/powerpc/include/asm/spinlock.h2
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce.c6
-rw-r--r--arch/x86/kernel/traps.c2
-rw-r--r--drivers/base/power/opp.c4
-rw-r--r--include/linux/fdtable.h4
-rw-r--r--include/linux/rcupdate.h144
-rw-r--r--include/linux/rcutiny.h10
-rw-r--r--include/linux/rcutree.h2
-rw-r--r--include/linux/spinlock.h10
-rw-r--r--include/linux/types.h3
-rw-r--r--include/trace/events/rcu.h1
-rw-r--r--init/Kconfig10
-rw-r--r--kernel/cgroup.c4
-rw-r--r--kernel/cpu.c10
-rw-r--r--kernel/pid.c5
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcu/rcutorture.c42
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcu/srcu.c15
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcu/tiny.c8
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcu/tree.c681
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcu/tree.h96
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h130
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcu/tree_trace.c19
-rw-r--r--kernel/rcu/update.c90
-rw-r--r--kernel/sched/core.c8
-rw-r--r--kernel/time/Kconfig2
-rw-r--r--kernel/workqueue.c20
-rw-r--r--lib/Kconfig.debug16
-rwxr-xr-xscripts/checkpatch.pl19
-rw-r--r--security/device_cgroup.c6
-rw-r--r--tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TASKS014
-rw-r--r--tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE011
-rw-r--r--tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE021
-rw-r--r--tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE02-T1
-rw-r--r--tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE031
-rw-r--r--tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE041
-rw-r--r--tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE051
-rw-r--r--tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE061
-rw-r--r--tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE071
-rw-r--r--tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE081
-rw-r--r--tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE08-T1
-rw-r--r--tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE091
-rw-r--r--tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/doc/TREE_RCU-kconfig.txt1
49 files changed, 992 insertions, 907 deletions
diff --git a/Documentation/RCU/rcu_dereference.txt b/Documentation/RCU/rcu_dereference.txt
index 1e6c0da..c0bf244 100644
--- a/Documentation/RCU/rcu_dereference.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RCU/rcu_dereference.txt
@@ -28,7 +28,7 @@ o You must use one of the rcu_dereference() family of primitives
o Avoid cancellation when using the "+" and "-" infix arithmetic
operators. For example, for a given variable "x", avoid
"(x-x)". There are similar arithmetic pitfalls from other
- arithmetic operatiors, such as "(x*0)", "(x/(x+1))" or "(x%1)".
+ arithmetic operators, such as "(x*0)", "(x/(x+1))" or "(x%1)".
The compiler is within its rights to substitute zero for all of
these expressions, so that subsequent accesses no longer depend
on the rcu_dereference(), again possibly resulting in bugs due
diff --git a/Documentation/RCU/stallwarn.txt b/Documentation/RCU/stallwarn.txt
index b57c0c1..efb9454 100644
--- a/Documentation/RCU/stallwarn.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RCU/stallwarn.txt
@@ -26,12 +26,6 @@ CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_TIMEOUT
Stall-warning messages may be enabled and disabled completely via
/sys/module/rcupdate/parameters/rcu_cpu_stall_suppress.
-CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO
-
- This kernel configuration parameter causes the stall warning to
- print out additional per-CPU diagnostic information, including
- information on scheduling-clock ticks and RCU's idle-CPU tracking.
-
RCU_STALL_DELAY_DELTA
Although the lockdep facility is extremely useful, it does add
@@ -101,15 +95,13 @@ interact. Please note that it is not possible to entirely eliminate this
sort of false positive without resorting to things like stop_machine(),
which is overkill for this sort of problem.
-If the CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO kernel configuration parameter is set,
-more information is printed with the stall-warning message, for example:
+Recent kernels will print a long form of the stall-warning message:
INFO: rcu_preempt detected stall on CPU
0: (63959 ticks this GP) idle=241/3fffffffffffffff/0 softirq=82/543
(t=65000 jiffies)
-In kernels with CONFIG_RCU_FAST_NO_HZ, even more information is
-printed:
+In kernels with CONFIG_RCU_FAST_NO_HZ, more information is printed:
INFO: rcu_preempt detected stall on CPU
0: (64628 ticks this GP) idle=dd5/3fffffffffffffff/0 softirq=82/543 last_accelerate: a345/d342 nonlazy_posted: 25 .D
@@ -171,6 +163,23 @@ message will be about three times the interval between the beginning
of the stall and the first message.
+Stall Warnings for Expedited Grace Periods
+
+If an expedited grace period detects a stall, it will place a message
+like the following in dmesg:
+
+ INFO: rcu_sched detected expedited stalls on CPUs: { 1 2 6 } 26009 jiffies s: 1043
+
+This indicates that CPUs 1, 2, and 6 have failed to respond to a
+reschedule IPI, that the expedited grace period has been going on for
+26,009 jiffies, and that the expedited grace-period sequence counter is
+1043. The fact that this last value is odd indicates that an expedited
+grace period is in flight.
+
+It is entirely possible to see stall warnings from normal and from
+expedited grace periods at about the same time from the same run.
+
+
What Causes RCU CPU Stall Warnings?
So your kernel printed an RCU CPU stall warning. The next question is
diff --git a/Documentation/RCU/trace.txt b/Documentation/RCU/trace.txt
index 08651da..97f17e9 100644
--- a/Documentation/RCU/trace.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RCU/trace.txt
@@ -237,42 +237,26 @@ o "ktl" is the low-order 16 bits (in hexadecimal) of the count of
The output of "cat rcu/rcu_preempt/rcuexp" looks as follows:
-s=21872 d=21872 w=0 tf=0 wd1=0 wd2=0 n=0 sc=21872 dt=21872 dl=0 dx=21872
+s=21872 wd0=0 wd1=0 wd2=0 wd3=5 n=0 enq=0 sc=21872
These fields are as follows:
-o "s" is the starting sequence number.
+o "s" is the sequence number, with an odd number indicating that
+ an expedited grace period is in progress.
-o "d" is the ending sequence number. When the starting and ending
- numbers differ, there is an expedited grace period in progress.
-
-o "w" is the number of times that the sequence numbers have been
- in danger of wrapping.
-
-o "tf" is the number of times that contention has resulted in a
- failure to begin an expedited grace period.
-
-o "wd1" and "wd2" are the number of times that an attempt to
- start an expedited grace period found that someone else had
- completed an expedited grace period that satisfies the
+o "wd0", "wd1", "wd2", and "wd3" are the number of times that an
+ attempt to start an expedited grace period found that someone
+ else had completed an expedited grace period that satisfies the
attempted request. "Our work is done."
-o "n" is number of times that contention was so great that
- the request was demoted from an expedited grace period to
- a normal grace period.
+o "n" is number of times that a concurrent CPU-hotplug operation
+ forced a fallback to a normal grace period.
+
+o "enq" is the number of quiescent states still outstanding.
o "sc" is the number of times that the attempt to start a
new expedited grace period succeeded.
-o "dt" is the number of times that we attempted to update
- the "d" counter.
-
-o "dl" is the number of times that we failed to update the "d"
- counter.
-
-o "dx" is the number of times that we succeeded in updating
- the "d" counter.
-
The output of "cat rcu/rcu_preempt/rcugp" looks as follows:
diff --git a/Documentation/RCU/whatisRCU.txt b/Documentation/RCU/whatisRCU.txt
index 5746b0c..adc2184 100644
--- a/Documentation/RCU/whatisRCU.txt
+++ b/Documentation/RCU/whatisRCU.txt
@@ -883,7 +883,7 @@ All: lockdep-checked RCU-protected pointer access
rcu_access_pointer
rcu_dereference_raw
- rcu_lockdep_assert
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN
rcu_sleep_check
RCU_NONIDLE
diff --git a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
index 34f2afb..b09dc2c 100644
--- a/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -3137,22 +3137,35 @@ bytes respectively. Such letter suffixes can also be entirely omitted.
in a given burst of a callback-flood test.
rcutorture.fqs_duration= [KNL]
- Set duration of force_quiescent_state bursts.
+ Set duration of force_quiescent_state bursts
+ in microseconds.
rcutorture.fqs_holdoff= [KNL]
- Set holdoff time within force_quiescent_state bursts.
+ Set holdoff time within force_quiescent_state bursts
+ in microseconds.
rcutorture.fqs_stutter= [KNL]
- Set wait time between force_quiescent_state bursts.
+ Set wait time between force_quiescent_state bursts
+ in seconds.
+
+ rcutorture.gp_cond= [KNL]
+ Use conditional/asynchronous update-side
+ primitives, if available.
rcutorture.gp_exp= [KNL]
- Use expedited update-side primitives.
+ Use expedited update-side primitives, if available.
rcutorture.gp_normal= [KNL]
- Use normal (non-expedited) update-side primitives.
- If both gp_exp and gp_normal are set, do both.
- If neither gp_exp nor gp_normal are set, still
- do both.
+ Use normal (non-expedited) asynchronous
+ update-side primitives, if available.
+
+ rcutorture.gp_sync= [KNL]
+ Use normal (non-expedited) synchronous
+ update-side primitives, if available. If all
+ of rcutorture.gp_cond=, rcutorture.gp_exp=,
+ rcutorture.gp_normal=, and rcutorture.gp_sync=
+ are zero, rcutorture acts as if is interpreted
+ they are all non-zero.
rcutorture.n_barrier_cbs= [KNL]
Set callbacks/threads for rcu_barrier() testing.
@@ -3179,9 +3192,6 @@ bytes respectively. Such letter suffixes can also be entirely omitted.
Set time (s) between CPU-hotplug operations, or
zero to disable CPU-hotplug testing.
- rcutorture.torture_runnable= [BOOT]
- Start rcutorture running at boot time.
-
rcutorture.shuffle_interval= [KNL]
Set task-shuffle interval (s). Shuffling tasks
allows some CPUs to go into dyntick-idle mode
@@ -3222,6 +3232,9 @@ bytes respectively. Such letter suffixes can also be entirely omitted.
Test RCU's dyntick-idle handling. See also the
rcutorture.shuffle_interval parameter.
+ rcutorture.torture_runnable= [BOOT]
+ Start rcutorture running at boot time.
+
rcutorture.torture_type= [KNL]
Specify the RCU implementation to test.
diff --git a/Documentation/memory-barriers.txt b/Documentation/memory-barriers.txt
index 13feb69..eafa6a5 100644
--- a/Documentation/memory-barriers.txt
+++ b/Documentation/memory-barriers.txt
@@ -194,22 +194,22 @@ There are some minimal guarantees that may be expected of a CPU:
(*) On any given CPU, dependent memory accesses will be issued in order, with
respect to itself. This means that for:
- ACCESS_ONCE(Q) = P; smp_read_barrier_depends(); D = ACCESS_ONCE(*Q);
+ WRITE_ONCE(Q, P); smp_read_barrier_depends(); D = READ_ONCE(*Q);
the CPU will issue the following memory operations:
Q = LOAD P, D = LOAD *Q
and always in that order. On most systems, smp_read_barrier_depends()
- does nothing, but it is required for DEC Alpha. The ACCESS_ONCE()
- is required to prevent compiler mischief. Please note that you
- should normally use something like rcu_dereference() instead of
- open-coding smp_read_barrier_depends().
+ does nothing, but it is required for DEC Alpha. The READ_ONCE()
+ and WRITE_ONCE() are required to prevent compiler mischief. Please
+ note that you should normally use something like rcu_dereference()
+ instead of open-coding smp_read_barrier_depends().
(*) Overlapping loads and stores within a particular CPU will appear to be
ordered within that CPU. This means that for:
- a = ACCESS_ONCE(*X); ACCESS_ONCE(*X) = b;
+ a = READ_ONCE(*X); WRITE_ONCE(*X, b);
the CPU will only issue the following sequence of memory operations:
@@ -217,7 +217,7 @@ There are some minimal guarantees that may be expected of a CPU:
And for:
- ACCESS_ONCE(*X) = c; d = ACCESS_ONCE(*X);
+ WRITE_ONCE(*X, c); d = READ_ONCE(*X);
the CPU will only issue:
@@ -228,11 +228,11 @@ There are some minimal guarantees that may be expected of a CPU:
And there are a number of things that _must_ or _must_not_ be assumed:
- (*) It _must_not_ be assumed that the compiler will do what you want with
- memory references that are not protected by ACCESS_ONCE(). Without
- ACCESS_ONCE(), the compiler is within its rights to do all sorts
- of "creative" transformations, which are covered in the Compiler
- Barrier section.
+ (*) It _must_not_ be assumed that the compiler will do what you want
+ with memory references that are not protected by READ_ONCE() and
+ WRITE_ONCE(). Without them, the compiler is within its rights to
+ do all sorts of "creative" transformations, which are covered in
+ the Compiler Barrier section.
(*) It _must_not_ be assumed that independent loads and stores will be issued
in the order given. This means that for:
@@ -520,8 +520,8 @@ following sequence of events:
{ A == 1, B == 2, C = 3, P == &A, Q == &C }
B = 4;
<write barrier>
- ACCESS_ONCE(P) = &B
- Q = ACCESS_ONCE(P);
+ WRITE_ONCE(P, &B)
+ Q = READ_ONCE(P);
D = *Q;
There's a clear data dependency here, and it would seem that by the end of the
@@ -547,8 +547,8 @@ between the address load and the data load:
{ A == 1, B == 2, C = 3, P == &A, Q == &C }
B = 4;
<write barrier>
- ACCESS_ONCE(P) = &B
- Q = ACCESS_ONCE(P);
+ WRITE_ONCE(P, &B);
+ Q = READ_ONCE(P);
<data dependency barrier>
D = *Q;
@@ -574,8 +574,8 @@ access:
{ M[0] == 1, M[1] == 2, M[3] = 3, P == 0, Q == 3 }
M[1] = 4;
<write barrier>
- ACCESS_ONCE(P) = 1
- Q = ACCESS_ONCE(P);
+ WRITE_ONCE(P, 1);
+ Q = READ_ONCE(P);
<data dependency barrier>
D = M[Q];
@@ -596,10 +596,10 @@ A load-load control dependency requires a full read memory barrier, not
simply a data dependency barrier to make it work correctly. Consider the
following bit of code:
- q = ACCESS_ONCE(a);
+ q = READ_ONCE(a);
if (q) {
<data dependency barrier> /* BUG: No data dependency!!! */
- p = ACCESS_ONCE(b);
+ p = READ_ONCE(b);
}
This will not have the desired effect because there is no actual data
@@ -608,10 +608,10 @@ by attempting to predict the outcome in advance, so that other CPUs see
the load from b as having happened before the load from a. In such a
case what's actually required is:
- q = ACCESS_ONCE(a);
+ q = READ_ONCE(a);
if (q) {
<read barrier>
- p = ACCESS_ONCE(b);
+ p = READ_ONCE(b);
}
However, stores are not speculated. This means that ordering -is- provided
@@ -619,7 +619,7 @@ for load-store control dependencies, as in the following example:
q = READ_ONCE_CTRL(a);
if (q) {
- ACCESS_ONCE(b) = p;
+ WRITE_ONCE(b, p);
}
Control dependencies pair normally with other types of barriers. That
@@ -647,11 +647,11 @@ branches of the "if" statement as follows:
q = READ_ONCE_CTRL(a);
if (q) {
barrier();
- ACCESS_ONCE(b) = p;
+ WRITE_ONCE(b, p);
do_something();
} else {
barrier();
- ACCESS_ONCE(b) = p;
+ WRITE_ONCE(b, p);
do_something_else();
}
@@ -660,12 +660,12 @@ optimization levels:
q = READ_ONCE_CTRL(a);
barrier();
- ACCESS_ONCE(b) = p; /* BUG: No ordering vs. load from a!!! */
+ WRITE_ONCE(b, p); /* BUG: No ordering vs. load from a!!! */
if (q) {
- /* ACCESS_ONCE(b) = p; -- moved up, BUG!!! */
+ /* WRITE_ONCE(b, p); -- moved up, BUG!!! */
do_something();
} else {
- /* ACCESS_ONCE(b) = p; -- moved up, BUG!!! */
+ /* WRITE_ONCE(b, p); -- moved up, BUG!!! */
do_something_else();
}
@@ -676,7 +676,7 @@ assembly code even after all compiler optimizations have been applied.
Therefore, if you need ordering in this example, you need explicit
memory barriers, for example, smp_store_release():
- q = ACCESS_ONCE(a);
+ q = READ_ONCE(a);
if (q) {
smp_store_release(&b, p);
do_something();
@@ -690,10 +690,10 @@ ordering is guaranteed only when the stores differ, for example:
q = READ_ONCE_CTRL(a);
if (q) {
- ACCESS_ONCE(b) = p;
+ WRITE_ONCE(b, p);
do_something();
} else {
- ACCESS_ONCE(b) = r;
+ WRITE_ONCE(b, r);
do_something_else();
}
@@ -706,10 +706,10 @@ the needed conditional. For example:
q = READ_ONCE_CTRL(a);
if (q % MAX) {
- ACCESS_ONCE(b) = p;
+ WRITE_ONCE(b, p);
do_something();
} else {
- ACCESS_ONCE(b) = r;
+ WRITE_ONCE(b, r);
do_something_else();
}
@@ -718,7 +718,7 @@ equal to zero, in which case the compiler is within its rights to
transform the above code into the following:
q = READ_ONCE_CTRL(a);
- ACCESS_ONCE(b) = p;
+ WRITE_ONCE(b, p);
do_something_else();
Given this transformation, the CPU is not required to respect the ordering
@@ -731,10 +731,10 @@ one, perhaps as follows:
q = READ_ONCE_CTRL(a);
BUILD_BUG_ON(MAX <= 1); /* Order load from a with store to b. */
if (q % MAX) {
- ACCESS_ONCE(b) = p;
+ WRITE_ONCE(b, p);
do_something();
} else {
- ACCESS_ONCE(b) = r;
+ WRITE_ONCE(b, r);
do_something_else();
}
@@ -746,18 +746,18 @@ You must also be careful not to rely too much on boolean short-circuit
evaluation. Consider this example:
q = READ_ONCE_CTRL(a);
- if (a || 1 > 0)
- ACCESS_ONCE(b) = 1;
+ if (q || 1 > 0)
+ WRITE_ONCE(b, 1);
Because the first condition cannot fault and the second condition is
always true, the compiler can transform this example as following,
defeating control dependency:
q = READ_ONCE_CTRL(a);
- ACCESS_ONCE(b) = 1;
+ WRITE_ONCE(b, 1);
This example underscores the need to ensure that the compiler cannot
-out-guess your code. More generally, although ACCESS_ONCE() does force
+out-guess your code. More generally, although READ_ONCE() does force
the compiler to actually emit code for a given load, it does not force
the compiler to use the results.
@@ -769,7 +769,7 @@ x and y both being zero:
======================= =======================
r1 = READ_ONCE_CTRL(x); r2 = READ_ONCE_CTRL(y);
if (r1 > 0) if (r2 > 0)
- ACCESS_ONCE(y) = 1; ACCESS_ONCE(x) = 1;
+ WRITE_ONCE(y, 1); WRITE_ONCE(x, 1);
assert(!(r1 == 1 && r2 == 1));
@@ -779,7 +779,7 @@ then adding the following CPU would guarantee a related assertion:
CPU 2
=====================
- ACCESS_ONCE(x) = 2;
+ WRITE_ONCE(x, 2);
assert(!(r1 == 2 && r2 == 1 && x == 2)); /* FAILS!!! */
@@ -798,8 +798,7 @@ In summary:
(*) Control dependencies must be headed by READ_ONCE_CTRL().
Or, as a much less preferable alternative, interpose
- be headed by READ_ONCE() or an ACCESS_ONCE() read and must
- have smp_read_barrier_depends() between this read and the
+ smp_read_barrier_depends() between a READ_ONCE() and the
control-dependent write.
(*) Control dependencies can order prior loads against later stores.
@@ -815,15 +814,16 @@ In summary:
(*) Control dependencies require at least one run-time conditional
between the prior load and the subsequent store, and this
- conditional must involve the prior load. If the compiler
- is able to optimize the conditional away, it will have also
- optimized away the ordering. Careful use of ACCESS_ONCE() can
- help to preserve the needed conditional.
+ conditional must involve the prior load. If the compiler is able
+ to optimize the conditional away, it will have also optimized
+ away the ordering. Careful use of READ_ONCE_CTRL() READ_ONCE(),
+ and WRITE_ONCE() can help to preserve the needed conditional.
(*) Control dependencies require that the compiler avoid reordering the
- dependency into nonexistence. Careful use of ACCESS_ONCE() or
- barrier() can help to preserve your control dependency. Please
- see the Compiler Barrier section for more information.
+ dependency into nonexistence. Careful use of READ_ONCE_CTRL()
+ or smp_read_barrier_depends() can help to preserve your control
+ dependency. Please see the Compiler Barrier section for more
+ information.
(*) Control dependencies pair normally with other types of barriers.
@@ -848,11 +848,11 @@ barrier, an acquire barrier, a release barrier, or a general barrier:
CPU 1 CPU 2
=============== ===============
- ACCESS_ONCE(a) = 1;
+ WRITE_ONCE(a, 1);
<write barrier>
- ACCESS_ONCE(b) = 2; x = ACCESS_ONCE(b);
+ WRITE_ONCE(b, 2); x = READ_ONCE(b);
<read barrier>
- y = ACCESS_ONCE(a);
+ y = READ_ONCE(a);
Or:
@@ -860,7 +860,7 @@ Or:
=============== ===============================
a = 1;
<write barrier>
- ACCESS_ONCE(b) = &a; x = ACCESS_ONCE(b);
+ WRITE_ONCE(b, &a); x = READ_ONCE(b);
<data dependency barrier>
y = *x;
@@ -868,11 +868,11 @@ Or even:
CPU 1 CPU 2
=============== ===============================
- r1 = ACCESS_ONCE(y);
+ r1 = READ_ONCE(y);
<general barrier>
- ACCESS_ONCE(y) = 1; if (r2 = ACCESS_ONCE(x)) {
+ WRITE_ONCE(y, 1); if (r2 = READ_ONCE(x)) {
<implicit control dependency>
- ACCESS_ONCE(y) = 1;
+ WRITE_ONCE(y, 1);
}
assert(r1 == 0 || r2 == 0);
@@ -886,11 +886,11 @@ versa:
CPU 1 CPU 2
=================== ===================
- ACCESS_ONCE(a) = 1; }---- --->{ v = ACCESS_ONCE(c);
- ACCESS_ONCE(b) = 2; } \ / { w = ACCESS_ONCE(d);
+ WRITE_ONCE(a, 1); }---- --->{ v = READ_ONCE(c);
+ WRITE_ONCE(b, 2); } \ / { w = READ_ONCE(d);
<write barrier> \ <read barrier>
- ACCESS_ONCE(c) = 3; } / \ { x = ACCESS_ONCE(a);
- ACCESS_ONCE(d) = 4; }---- --->{ y = ACCESS_ONCE(b);
+ WRITE_ONCE(c, 3); } / \ { x = READ_ONCE(a);
+ WRITE_ONCE(d, 4); }---- --->{ y = READ_ONCE(b);
EXAMPLES OF MEMORY BARRIER SEQUENCES
@@ -1340,10 +1340,10 @@ compiler from moving the memory accesses either side of it to the other side:
barrier();
-This is a general barrier -- there are no read-read or write-write variants
-of barrier(). However, ACCESS_ONCE() can be thought of as a weak form
-for barrier() that affects only the specific accesses flagged by the
-ACCESS_ONCE().
+This is a general barrier -- there are no read-read or write-write
+variants of barrier(). However, READ_ONCE() and WRITE_ONCE() can be
+thought of as weak forms of barrier() that affect only the specific
+accesses flagged by the READ_ONCE() or WRITE_ONCE().
The barrier() function has the following effects:
@@ -1355,9 +1355,10 @@ The barrier() function has the following effects:
(*) Within a loop, forces the compiler to load the variables used
in that loop's conditional on each pass through that loop.
-The ACCESS_ONCE() function can prevent any number of optimizations that,
-while perfectly safe in single-threaded code, can be fatal in concurrent
-code. Here are some examples of these sorts of optimizations:
+The READ_ONCE() and WRITE_ONCE() functions can prevent any number of
+optimizations that, while perfectly safe in single-threaded code, can
+be fatal in concurrent code. Here are some examples of these sorts
+of optimizations:
(*) The compiler is within its rights to reorder loads and stores
to the same variable, and in some cases, the CPU is within its
@@ -1370,11 +1371,11 @@ code. Here are some examples of these sorts of optimizations:
Might result in an older value of x stored in a[1] than in a[0].
Prevent both the compiler and the CPU from doing this as follows:
- a[0] = ACCESS_ONCE(x);
- a[1] = ACCESS_ONCE(x);
+ a[0] = READ_ONCE(x);
+ a[1] = READ_ONCE(x);
- In short, ACCESS_ONCE() provides cache coherence for accesses from
- multiple CPUs to a single variable.
+ In short, READ_ONCE() and WRITE_ONCE() provide cache coherence for
+ accesses from multiple CPUs to a single variable.
(*) The compiler is within its rights to merge successive loads from
the same variable. Such merging can cause the compiler to "optimize"
@@ -1391,9 +1392,9 @@ code. Here are some examples of these sorts of optimizations:
for (;;)
do_something_with(tmp);
- Use ACCESS_ONCE() to prevent the compiler from doing this to you:
+ Use READ_ONCE() to prevent the compiler from doing this to you:
- while (tmp = ACCESS_ONCE(a))
+ while (tmp = READ_ONCE(a))
do_something_with(tmp);
(*) The compiler is within its rights to reload a variable, for example,
@@ -1415,9 +1416,9 @@ code. Here are some examples of these sorts of optimizations:
a was modified by some other CPU between the "while" statement and
the call to do_something_with().
- Again, use ACCESS_ONCE() to prevent the compiler from doing this:
+ Again, use READ_ONCE() to prevent the compiler from doing this:
- while (tmp = ACCESS_ONCE(a))
+ while (tmp = READ_ONCE(a))
do_something_with(tmp);
Note that if the compiler runs short of registers, it might save
@@ -1437,21 +1438,21 @@ code. Here are some examples of these sorts of optimizations:
do { } while (0);
- This transformation is a win for single-threaded code because it gets
- rid of a load and a branch. The problem is that the compiler will
- carry out its proof assuming that the current CPU is the only one
- updating variable 'a'. If variable 'a' is shared, then the compiler's
- proof will be erroneous. Use ACCESS_ONCE() to tell the compiler
- that it doesn't know as much as it thinks it does:
+ This transformation is a win for single-threaded code because it
+ gets rid of a load and a branch. The problem is that the compiler
+ will carry out its proof assuming that the current CPU is the only
+ one updating variable 'a'. If variable 'a' is shared, then the
+ compiler's proof will be erroneous. Use READ_ONCE() to tell the
+ compiler that it doesn't know as much as it thinks it does:
- while (tmp = ACCESS_ONCE(a))
+ while (tmp = READ_ONCE(a))
do_something_with(tmp);
But please note that the compiler is also closely watching what you
- do with the value after the ACCESS_ONCE(). For example, suppose you
+ do with the value after the READ_ONCE(). For example, suppose you
do the following and MAX is a preprocessor macro with the value 1:
- while ((tmp = ACCESS_ONCE(a)) % MAX)
+ while ((tmp = READ_ONCE(a)) % MAX)
do_something_with(tmp);
Then the compiler knows that the result of the "%" operator applied
@@ -1475,12 +1476,12 @@ code. Here are some examples of these sorts of optimizations:
surprise if some other CPU might have stored to variable 'a' in the
meantime.
- Use ACCESS_ONCE() to prevent the compiler from making this sort of
+ Use WRITE_ONCE() to prevent the compiler from making this sort of
wrong guess:
- ACCESS_ONCE(a) = 0;
+ WRITE_ONCE(a, 0);
/* Code that does not store to variable a. */
- ACCESS_ONCE(a) = 0;
+ WRITE_ONCE(a, 0);
(*) The compiler is within its rights to reorder memory accesses unless
you tell it not to. For example, consider the following interaction
@@ -1509,40 +1510,43 @@ code. Here are some examples of these sorts of optimizations:
}
If the interrupt occurs between these two statement, then
- interrupt_handler() might be passed a garbled msg. Use ACCESS_ONCE()
+ interrupt_handler() might be passed a garbled msg. Use WRITE_ONCE()
to prevent this as follows:
void process_level(void)
{
- ACCESS_ONCE(msg) = get_message();
- ACCESS_ONCE(flag) = true;
+ WRITE_ONCE(msg, get_message());
+ WRITE_ONCE(flag, true);
}
void interrupt_handler(void)
{
- if (ACCESS_ONCE(flag))
- process_message(ACCESS_ONCE(msg));
+ if (READ_ONCE(flag))
+ process_message(READ_ONCE(msg));
}
- Note that the ACCESS_ONCE() wrappers in interrupt_handler()
- are needed if this interrupt handler can itself be interrupted
- by something that also accesses 'flag' and 'msg', for example,
- a nested interrupt or an NMI. Otherwise, ACCESS_ONCE() is not
- needed in interrupt_handler() other than for documentation purposes.
- (Note also that nested interrupts do not typically occur in modern
- Linux kernels, in fact, if an interrupt handler returns with
- interrupts enabled, you will get a WARN_ONCE() splat.)
-
- You should assume that the compiler can move ACCESS_ONCE() past
- code not containing ACCESS_ONCE(), barrier(), or similar primitives.
-
- This effect could also be achieved using barrier(), but ACCESS_ONCE()
- is more selective: With ACCESS_ONCE(), the compiler need only forget
- the contents of the indicated memory locations, while with barrier()
- the compiler must discard the value of all memory locations that
- it has currented cached in any machine registers. Of course,
- the compiler must also respect the order in which the ACCESS_ONCE()s
- occur, though the CPU of course need not do so.
+ Note that the READ_ONCE() and WRITE_ONCE() wrappers in
+ interrupt_handler() are needed if this interrupt handler can itself
+ be interrupted by something that also accesses 'flag' and 'msg',
+ for example, a nested interrupt or an NMI. Otherwise, READ_ONCE()
+ and WRITE_ONCE() are not needed in interrupt_handler() other than
+ for documentation purposes. (Note also that nested interrupts
+ do not typically occur in modern Linux kernels, in fact, if an
+ interrupt handler returns with interrupts enabled, you will get a
+ WARN_ONCE() splat.)
+
+ You should assume that the compiler can move READ_ONCE() and
+ WRITE_ONCE() past code not containing READ_ONCE(), WRITE_ONCE(),
+ barrier(), or similar primitives.
+
+ This effect could also be achieved using barrier(), but READ_ONCE()
+ and WRITE_ONCE() are more selective: With READ_ONCE() and
+ WRITE_ONCE(), the compiler need only forget the contents of the
+ indicated memory locations, while with barrier() the compiler must
+ discard the value of all memory locations that it has currented
+ cached in any machine registers. Of course, the compiler must also
+ respect the order in which the READ_ONCE()s and WRITE_ONCE()s occur,
+ though the CPU of course need not do so.
(*) The compiler is within its rights to invent stores to a variable,
as in the following example:
@@ -1562,16 +1566,16 @@ code. Here are some examples of these sorts of optimizations:
a branch. Unfortunately, in concurrent code, this optimization
could cause some other CPU to see a spurious value of 42 -- even
if variable 'a' was never zero -- when loading variable 'b'.
- Use ACCESS_ONCE() to prevent this as follows:
+ Use WRITE_ONCE() to prevent this as follows:
if (a)
- ACCESS_ONCE(b) = a;
+ WRITE_ONCE(b, a);
else
- ACCESS_ONCE(b) = 42;
+ WRITE_ONCE(b, 42);
The compiler can also invent loads. These are usually less
damaging, but they can result in cache-line bouncing and thus in
- poor performance and scalability. Use ACCESS_ONCE() to prevent
+ poor performance and scalability. Use READ_ONCE() to prevent
invented loads.
(*) For aligned memory locations whose size allows them to be accessed
@@ -1590,9 +1594,9 @@ code. Here are some examples of these sorts of optimizations:
This optimization can therefore be a win in single-threaded code.
In fact, a recent bug (since fixed) caused GCC to incorrectly use
this optimization in a volatile store. In the absence of such bugs,
- use of ACCESS_ONCE() prevents store tearing in the following example:
+ use of WRITE_ONCE() prevents store tearing in the following example:
- ACCESS_ONCE(p) = 0x00010002;
+ WRITE_ONCE(p, 0x00010002);
Use of packed structures can also result in load and store tearing,
as in this example:
@@ -1609,22 +1613,23 @@ code. Here are some examples of these sorts of optimizations:
foo2.b = foo1.b;
foo2.c = foo1.c;
- Because there are no ACCESS_ONCE() wrappers and no volatile markings,
- the compiler would be well within its rights to implement these three
- assignment statements as a pair of 32-bit loads followed by a pair
- of 32-bit stores. This would result in load tearing on 'foo1.b'
- and store tearing on 'foo2.b'. ACCESS_ONCE() again prevents tearing
- in this example:
+ Because there are no READ_ONCE() or WRITE_ONCE() wrappers and no
+ volatile markings, the compiler would be well within its rights to
+ implement these three assignment statements as a pair of 32-bit
+ loads followed by a pair of 32-bit stores. This would result in
+ load tearing on 'foo1.b' and store tearing on 'foo2.b'. READ_ONCE()
+ and WRITE_ONCE() again prevent tearing in this example:
foo2.a = foo1.a;
- ACCESS_ONCE(foo2.b) = ACCESS_ONCE(foo1.b);
+ WRITE_ONCE(foo2.b, READ_ONCE(foo1.b));
foo2.c = foo1.c;
-All that aside, it is never necessary to use ACCESS_ONCE() on a variable
-that has been marked volatile. For example, because 'jiffies' is marked
-volatile, it is never necessary to say ACCESS_ONCE(jiffies). The reason
-for this is that ACCESS_ONCE() is implemented as a volatile cast, which
-has no effect when its argument is already marked volatile.
+All that aside, it is never necessary to use READ_ONCE() and
+WRITE_ONCE() on a variable that has been marked volatile. For example,
+because 'jiffies' is marked volatile, it is never necessary to
+say READ_ONCE(jiffies). The reason for this is that READ_ONCE() and
+WRITE_ONCE() are implemented as volatile casts, which has no effect when
+its argument is already marked volatile.
Please note that these compiler barriers have no direct effect on the CPU,
which may then reorder things however it wishes.
@@ -1646,14 +1651,15 @@ The Linux kernel has eight basic CPU memory barriers:
All memory barriers except the data dependency barriers imply a compiler
barrier. Data dependencies do not impose any additional compiler ordering.
-Aside: In the case of data dependencies, the compiler would be expected to
-issue the loads in the correct order (eg. `a[b]` would have to load the value
-of b before loading a[b]), however there is no guarantee in the C specification
-that the compiler may not speculate the value of b (eg. is equal to 1) and load
-a before b (eg. tmp = a[1]; if (b != 1) tmp = a[b]; ). There is also the
-problem of a compiler reloading b after having loaded a[b], thus having a newer
-copy of b than a[b]. A consensus has not yet been reached about these problems,
-however the ACCESS_ONCE macro is a good place to start looking.
+Aside: In the case of data dependencies, the compiler would be expected
+to issue the loads in the correct order (eg. `a[b]` would have to load
+the value of b before loading a[b]), however there is no guarantee in
+the C specification that the compiler may not speculate the value of b
+(eg. is equal to 1) and load a before b (eg. tmp = a[1]; if (b != 1)
+tmp = a[b]; ). There is also the problem of a compiler reloading b after
+having loaded a[b], thus having a newer copy of b than a[b]. A consensus
+has not yet been reached about these problems, however the READ_ONCE()
+macro is a good place to start looking.
SMP memory barriers are reduced to compiler barriers on uniprocessor compiled
systems because it is assumed that a CPU will appear to be self-consistent,
@@ -1848,15 +1854,10 @@ RELEASE are to the same lock variable, but only from the perspective of
another CPU not holding that lock. In short, a ACQUIRE followed by an
RELEASE may -not- be assumed to be a full memory barrier.
-Similarly, the reverse case of a RELEASE followed by an ACQUIRE does not
-imply a full memory barrier. If it is necessary for a RELEASE-ACQUIRE
-pair to produce a full barrier, the ACQUIRE can be followed by an
-smp_mb__after_unlock_lock() invocation. This will produce a full barrier
-if either (a) the RELEASE and the ACQUIRE are executed by the same
-CPU or task, or (b) the RELEASE and ACQUIRE act on the same variable.
-The smp_mb__after_unlock_lock() primitive is free on many architectures.
-Without smp_mb__after_unlock_lock(), the CPU's execution of the critical
-sections corresponding to the RELEASE and the ACQUIRE can cross, so that:
+Similarly, the reverse case of a RELEASE followed by an ACQUIRE does
+not imply a full memory barrier. Therefore, the CPU's execution of the
+critical sections corresponding to the RELEASE and the ACQUIRE can cross,
+so that:
*A = a;
RELEASE M
@@ -1894,29 +1895,6 @@ the RELEASE would simply complete, thereby avoiding the deadlock.
a sleep-unlock race, but the locking primitive needs to resolve
such races properly in any case.
-With smp_mb__after_unlock_lock(), the two critical sections cannot overlap.
-For example, with the following code, the store to *A will always be
-seen by other CPUs before the store to *B:
-
- *A = a;
- RELEASE M
- ACQUIRE N
- smp_mb__after_unlock_lock();
- *B = b;
-
-The operations will always occur in one of the following orders:
-
- STORE *A, RELEASE, ACQUIRE, smp_mb__after_unlock_lock(), STORE *B
- STORE *A, ACQUIRE, RELEASE, smp_mb__after_unlock_lock(), STORE *B
- ACQUIRE, STORE *A, RELEASE, smp_mb__after_unlock_lock(), STORE *B
-
-If the RELEASE and ACQUIRE were instead both operating on the same lock
-variable, only the first of these alternatives can occur. In addition,
-the more strongly ordered systems may rule out some of the above orders.
-But in any case, as noted earlier, the smp_mb__after_unlock_lock()
-ensures that the store to *A will always be seen as happening before
-the store to *B.
-
Locks and semaphores may not provide any guarantee of ordering on UP compiled
systems, and so cannot be counted on in such a situation to actually achieve
anything at all - especially with respect to I/O accesses - unless combined
@@ -2126,12 +2104,12 @@ three CPUs; then should the following sequence of events occur:
CPU 1 CPU 2
=============================== ===============================
- ACCESS_ONCE(*A) = a; ACCESS_ONCE(*E) = e;
+ WRITE_ONCE(*A, a); WRITE_ONCE(*E, e);
ACQUIRE M ACQUIRE Q
- ACCESS_ONCE(*B) = b; ACCESS_ONCE(*F) = f;
- ACCESS_ONCE(*C) = c; ACCESS_ONCE(*G) = g;
+ WRITE_ONCE(*B, b); WRITE_ONCE(*F, f);
+ WRITE_ONCE(*C, c); WRITE_ONCE(*G, g);
RELEASE M RELEASE Q
- ACCESS_ONCE(*D) = d; ACCESS_ONCE(*H) = h;
+ WRITE_ONCE(*D, d); WRITE_ONCE(*H, h);
Then there is no guarantee as to what order CPU 3 will see the accesses to *A
through *H occur in, other than the constraints imposed by the separate locks
@@ -2147,40 +2125,6 @@ But it won't see any of:
*E, *F or *G following RELEASE Q
-However, if the following occurs:
-
- CPU 1 CPU 2
- =============================== ===============================
- ACCESS_ONCE(*A) = a;
- ACQUIRE M [1]
- ACCESS_ONCE(*B) = b;
- ACCESS_ONCE(*C) = c;
- RELEASE M [1]
- ACCESS_ONCE(*D) = d; ACCESS_ONCE(*E) = e;
- ACQUIRE M [2]
- smp_mb__after_unlock_lock();
- ACCESS_ONCE(*F) = f;
- ACCESS_ONCE(*G) = g;
- RELEASE M [2]
- ACCESS_ONCE(*H) = h;
-
-CPU 3 might see:
-
- *E, ACQUIRE M [1], *C, *B, *A, RELEASE M [1],
- ACQUIRE M [2], *H, *F, *G, RELEASE M [2], *D
-
-But assuming CPU 1 gets the lock first, CPU 3 won't see any of:
-
- *B, *C, *D, *F, *G or *H preceding ACQUIRE M [1]
- *A, *B or *C following RELEASE M [1]
- *F, *G or *H preceding ACQUIRE M [2]
- *A, *B, *C, *E, *F or *G following RELEASE M [2]
-
-Note that the smp_mb__after_unlock_lock() is critically important
-here: Without it CPU 3 might see some of the above orderings.
-Without smp_mb__after_unlock_lock(), the accesses are not guaranteed
-to be seen in order unless CPU 3 holds lock M.
-
ACQUIRES VS I/O ACCESSES
------------------------
@@ -2881,11 +2825,11 @@ A programmer might take it for granted that the CPU will perform memory
operations in exactly the order specified, so that if the CPU is, for example,
given the following piece of code to execute:
- a = ACCESS_ONCE(*A);
- ACCESS_ONCE(*B) = b;
- c = ACCESS_ONCE(*C);
- d = ACCESS_ONCE(*D);
- ACCESS_ONCE(*E) = e;
+ a = READ_ONCE(*A);
+ WRITE_ONCE(*B, b);
+ c = READ_ONCE(*C);
+ d = READ_ONCE(*D);
+ WRITE_ONCE(*E, e);
they would then expect that the CPU will complete the memory operation for each
instruction before moving on to the next one, leading to a definite sequence of
@@ -2932,12 +2876,12 @@ However, it is guaranteed that a CPU will be self-consistent: it will see its
_own_ accesses appear to be correctly ordered, without the need for a memory
barrier. For instance with the following code:
- U = ACCESS_ONCE(*A);
- ACCESS_ONCE(*A) = V;
- ACCESS_ONCE(*A) = W;
- X = ACCESS_ONCE(*A);
- ACCESS_ONCE(*A) = Y;
- Z = ACCESS_ONCE(*A);
+ U = READ_ONCE(*A);
+ WRITE_ONCE(*A, V);
+ WRITE_ONCE(*A, W);
+ X = READ_ONCE(*A);
+ WRITE_ONCE(*A, Y);
+ Z = READ_ONCE(*A);
and assuming no intervention by an external influence, it can be assumed that
the final result will appear to be:
@@ -2953,13 +2897,14 @@ accesses:
U=LOAD *A, STORE *A=V, STORE *A=W, X=LOAD *A, STORE *A=Y, Z=LOAD *A
in that order, but, without intervention, the sequence may have almost any
-combination of elements combined or discarded, provided the program's view of
-the world remains consistent. Note that ACCESS_ONCE() is -not- optional
-in the above example, as there are architectures where a given CPU might
-reorder successive loads to the same location. On such architectures,
-ACCESS_ONCE() does whatever is necessary to prevent this, for example, on
-Itanium the volatile casts used by ACCESS_ONCE() cause GCC to emit the
-special ld.acq and st.rel instructions that prevent such reordering.
+combination of elements combined or discarded, provided the program's view
+of the world remains consistent. Note that READ_ONCE() and WRITE_ONCE()
+are -not- optional in the above example, as there are architectures
+where a given CPU might reorder successive loads to the same location.
+On such architectures, READ_ONCE() and WRITE_ONCE() do whatever is
+necessary to prevent this, for example, on Itanium the volatile casts
+used by READ_ONCE() and WRITE_ONCE() cause GCC to emit the special ld.acq
+and st.rel instructions (respectively) that prevent such reordering.
The compiler may also combine, discard or defer elements of the sequence before
the CPU even sees them.
@@ -2973,13 +2918,14 @@ may be reduced to:
*A = W;
-since, without either a write barrier or an ACCESS_ONCE(), it can be
+since, without either a write barrier or an WRITE_ONCE(), it can be
assumed that the effect of the storage of V to *A is lost. Similarly:
*A = Y;
Z = *A;
-may, without a memory barrier or an ACCESS_ONCE(), be reduced to:
+may, without a memory barrier or an READ_ONCE() and WRITE_ONCE(), be
+reduced to:
*A = Y;
Z = Y;
diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
index e16584a..963233f 100644
--- a/MAINTAINERS
+++ b/MAINTAINERS
@@ -8518,7 +8518,7 @@ M: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
M: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>
R: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
R: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com>
-R: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
+R: Lai Jiangshan <jiangshanlai@gmail.com>
L: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
S: Supported
T: git git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/paulmck/linux-rcu.git
@@ -8545,7 +8545,7 @@ M: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
M: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>
R: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
R: Mathieu Desnoyers <mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com>
-R: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
+R: Lai Jiangshan <jiangshanlai@gmail.com>
L: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
W: http://www.rdrop.com/users/paulmck/RCU/
S: Supported
@@ -9417,7 +9417,7 @@ F: include/linux/sl?b*.h
F: mm/sl?b*
SLEEPABLE READ-COPY UPDATE (SRCU)
-M: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
+M: Lai Jiangshan <jiangshanlai@gmail.com>
M: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
M: Josh Triplett <josh@joshtriplett.org>
R: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/spinlock.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/spinlock.h
index 4dbe072..523673d 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/spinlock.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/spinlock.h
@@ -28,8 +28,6 @@
#include <asm/synch.h>
#include <asm/ppc-opcode.h>
-#define smp_mb__after_unlock_lock() smp_mb() /* Full ordering for lock. */
-
#ifdef CONFIG_PPC64
/* use 0x800000yy when locked, where yy == CPU number */
#ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN__
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce.c
index df919ff..3d6b526 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce.c
@@ -54,9 +54,9 @@ static DEFINE_MUTEX(mce_chrdev_read_mutex);
#define rcu_dereference_check_mce(p) \
({ \
- rcu_lockdep_assert(rcu_read_lock_sched_held() || \
- lockdep_is_held(&mce_chrdev_read_mutex), \
- "suspicious rcu_dereference_check_mce() usage"); \
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_read_lock_sched_held() && \
+ !lockdep_is_held(&mce_chrdev_read_mutex), \
+ "suspicious rcu_dereference_check_mce() usage"); \
smp_load_acquire(&(p)); \
})
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c b/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
index f579192..c5a5231 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
@@ -136,7 +136,7 @@ enum ctx_state ist_enter(struct pt_regs *regs)
preempt_count_add(HARDIRQ_OFFSET);
/* This code is a bit fragile. Test it. */
- rcu_lockdep_assert(rcu_is_watching(), "ist_enter didn't work");
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(), "ist_enter didn't work");
return prev_state;
}
diff --git a/drivers/base/power/opp.c b/drivers/base/power/opp.c
index 677fb28..3b188f2 100644
--- a/drivers/base/power/opp.c
+++ b/drivers/base/power/opp.c
@@ -110,8 +110,8 @@ static DEFINE_MUTEX(dev_opp_list_lock);
#define opp_rcu_lockdep_assert() \
do { \
- rcu_lockdep_assert(rcu_read_lock_held() || \
- lockdep_is_held(&dev_opp_list_lock), \
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_read_lock_held() && \
+ !lockdep_is_held(&dev_opp_list_lock), \
"Missing rcu_read_lock() or " \
"dev_opp_list_lock protection"); \
} while (0)
diff --git a/include/linux/fdtable.h b/include/linux/fdtable.h
index fbb8874..674e3e2 100644
--- a/include/linux/fdtable.h
+++ b/include/linux/fdtable.h
@@ -86,8 +86,8 @@ static inline struct file *__fcheck_files(struct files_struct *files, unsigned i
static inline struct file *fcheck_files(struct files_struct *files, unsigned int fd)
{
- rcu_lockdep_assert(rcu_read_lock_held() ||
- lockdep_is_held(&files->file_lock),
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_read_lock_held() &&
+ !lockdep_is_held(&files->file_lock),
"suspicious rcu_dereference_check() usage");
return __fcheck_files(files, fd);
}
diff --git a/include/linux/rcupdate.h b/include/linux/rcupdate.h
index 4cf5f51..ff47651 100644
--- a/include/linux/rcupdate.h
+++ b/include/linux/rcupdate.h
@@ -226,6 +226,37 @@ struct rcu_synchronize {
};
void wakeme_after_rcu(struct rcu_head *head);
+void __wait_rcu_gp(bool checktiny, int n, call_rcu_func_t *crcu_array,
+ struct rcu_synchronize *rs_array);
+
+#define _wait_rcu_gp(checktiny, ...) \
+do { \
+ call_rcu_func_t __crcu_array[] = { __VA_ARGS__ }; \
+ const int __n = ARRAY_SIZE(__crcu_array); \
+ struct rcu_synchronize __rs_array[__n]; \
+ \
+ __wait_rcu_gp(checktiny, __n, __crcu_array, __rs_array); \
+} while (0)
+
+#define wait_rcu_gp(...) _wait_rcu_gp(false, __VA_ARGS__)
+
+/**
+ * synchronize_rcu_mult - Wait concurrently for multiple grace periods
+ * @...: List of call_rcu() functions for the flavors to wait on.
+ *
+ * This macro waits concurrently for multiple flavors of RCU grace periods.
+ * For example, synchronize_rcu_mult(call_rcu, call_rcu_bh) would wait
+ * on concurrent RCU and RCU-bh grace periods. Waiting on a give SRCU
+ * domain requires you to write a wrapper function for that SRCU domain's
+ * call_srcu() function, supplying the corresponding srcu_struct.
+ *
+ * If Tiny RCU, tell _wait_rcu_gp() not to bother waiting for RCU
+ * or RCU-bh, given that anywhere synchronize_rcu_mult() can be called
+ * is automatically a grace period.
+ */
+#define synchronize_rcu_mult(...) \
+ _wait_rcu_gp(IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TINY_RCU), __VA_ARGS__)
+
/**
* call_rcu_tasks() - Queue an RCU for invocation task-based grace period
* @head: structure to be used for queueing the RCU updates.
@@ -309,7 +340,7 @@ static inline void rcu_sysrq_end(void)
}
#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_STALL_COMMON */
-#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_USER_QS
+#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL
void rcu_user_enter(void);
void rcu_user_exit(void);
#else
@@ -317,7 +348,7 @@ static inline void rcu_user_enter(void) { }
static inline void rcu_user_exit(void) { }
static inline void rcu_user_hooks_switch(struct task_struct *prev,
struct task_struct *next) { }
-#endif /* CONFIG_RCU_USER_QS */
+#endif /* CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL */
#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU
void rcu_init_nohz(void);
@@ -392,10 +423,6 @@ bool __rcu_is_watching(void);
* TREE_RCU and rcu_barrier_() primitives in TINY_RCU.
*/
-typedef void call_rcu_func_t(struct rcu_head *head,
- void (*func)(struct rcu_head *head));
-void wait_rcu_gp(call_rcu_func_t crf);
-
#if defined(CONFIG_TREE_RCU) || defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU)
#include <linux/rcutree.h>
#elif defined(CONFIG_TINY_RCU)
@@ -469,46 +496,10 @@ int rcu_read_lock_bh_held(void);
* If CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC is selected, returns nonzero iff in an
* RCU-sched read-side critical section. In absence of
* CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC, this assumes we are in an RCU-sched read-side
- * critical section unless it can prove otherwise. Note that disabling
- * of preemption (including disabling irqs) counts as an RCU-sched
- * read-side critical section. This is useful for debug checks in functions
- * that required that they be called within an RCU-sched read-side
- * critical section.
- *
- * Check debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled() to prevent false positives during boot
- * and while lockdep is disabled.
- *
- * Note that if the CPU is in the idle loop from an RCU point of
- * view (ie: that we are in the section between rcu_idle_enter() and
- * rcu_idle_exit()) then rcu_read_lock_held() returns false even if the CPU
- * did an rcu_read_lock(). The reason for this is that RCU ignores CPUs
- * that are in such a section, considering these as in extended quiescent
- * state, so such a CPU is effectively never in an RCU read-side critical
- * section regardless of what RCU primitives it invokes. This state of
- * affairs is required --- we need to keep an RCU-free window in idle
- * where the CPU may possibly enter into low power mode. This way we can
- * notice an extended quiescent state to other CPUs that started a grace
- * period. Otherwise we would delay any grace period as long as we run in
- * the idle task.
- *
- * Similarly, we avoid claiming an SRCU read lock held if the current
- * CPU is offline.
+ * critical section unless it can prove otherwise.
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT
-static inline int rcu_read_lock_sched_held(void)
-{
- int lockdep_opinion = 0;
-
- if (!debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled())
- return 1;
- if (!rcu_is_watching())
- return 0;
- if (!rcu_lockdep_current_cpu_online())
- return 0;
- if (debug_locks)
- lockdep_opinion = lock_is_held(&rcu_sched_lock_map);
- return lockdep_opinion || preempt_count() != 0 || irqs_disabled();
-}
+int rcu_read_lock_sched_held(void);
#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT */
static inline int rcu_read_lock_sched_held(void)
{
@@ -545,6 +536,11 @@ static inline int rcu_read_lock_sched_held(void)
#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC */
+/* Deprecate rcu_lockdep_assert(): Use RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN() instead. */
+static inline void __attribute((deprecated)) deprecate_rcu_lockdep_assert(void)
+{
+}
+
#ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU
/**
@@ -555,17 +551,32 @@ static inline int rcu_read_lock_sched_held(void)
#define rcu_lockdep_assert(c, s) \
do { \
static bool __section(.data.unlikely) __warned; \
+ deprecate_rcu_lockdep_assert(); \
if (debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled() && !__warned && !(c)) { \
__warned = true; \
lockdep_rcu_suspicious(__FILE__, __LINE__, s); \
} \
} while (0)
+/**
+ * RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN - emit lockdep splat if specified condition is met
+ * @c: condition to check
+ * @s: informative message
+ */
+#define RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(c, s) \
+ do { \
+ static bool __section(.data.unlikely) __warned; \
+ if (debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled() && !__warned && (c)) { \
+ __warned = true; \
+ lockdep_rcu_suspicious(__FILE__, __LINE__, s); \
+ } \
+ } while (0)
+
#if defined(CONFIG_PROVE_RCU) && !defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT_RCU)
static inline void rcu_preempt_sleep_check(void)
{
- rcu_lockdep_assert(!lock_is_held(&rcu_lock_map),
- "Illegal context switch in RCU read-side critical section");
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(lock_is_held(&rcu_lock_map),
+ "Illegal context switch in RCU read-side critical section");
}
#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */
static inline void rcu_preempt_sleep_check(void)
@@ -576,15 +587,16 @@ static inline void rcu_preempt_sleep_check(void)
#define rcu_sleep_check() \
do { \
rcu_preempt_sleep_check(); \
- rcu_lockdep_assert(!lock_is_held(&rcu_bh_lock_map), \
- "Illegal context switch in RCU-bh read-side critical section"); \
- rcu_lockdep_assert(!lock_is_held(&rcu_sched_lock_map), \
- "Illegal context switch in RCU-sched read-side critical section"); \
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(lock_is_held(&rcu_bh_lock_map), \
+ "Illegal context switch in RCU-bh read-side critical section"); \
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(lock_is_held(&rcu_sched_lock_map), \
+ "Illegal context switch in RCU-sched read-side critical section"); \
} while (0)
#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */
-#define rcu_lockdep_assert(c, s) do { } while (0)
+#define rcu_lockdep_assert(c, s) deprecate_rcu_lockdep_assert()
+#define RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(c, s) do { } while (0)
#define rcu_sleep_check() do { } while (0)
#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_PROVE_RCU */
@@ -615,13 +627,13 @@ static inline void rcu_preempt_sleep_check(void)
({ \
/* Dependency order vs. p above. */ \
typeof(*p) *________p1 = (typeof(*p) *__force)lockless_dereference(p); \
- rcu_lockdep_assert(c, "suspicious rcu_dereference_check() usage"); \
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!(c), "suspicious rcu_dereference_check() usage"); \
rcu_dereference_sparse(p, space); \
((typeof(*p) __force __kernel *)(________p1)); \
})
#define __rcu_dereference_protected(p, c, space) \
({ \
- rcu_lockdep_assert(c, "suspicious rcu_dereference_protected() usage"); \
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!(c), "suspicious rcu_dereference_protected() usage"); \
rcu_dereference_sparse(p, space); \
((typeof(*p) __force __kernel *)(p)); \
})
@@ -845,8 +857,8 @@ static inline void rcu_read_lock(void)
__rcu_read_lock();
__acquire(RCU);
rcu_lock_acquire(&rcu_lock_map);
- rcu_lockdep_assert(rcu_is_watching(),
- "rcu_read_lock() used illegally while idle");
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(),
+ "rcu_read_lock() used illegally while idle");
}
/*
@@ -896,8 +908,8 @@ static inline void rcu_read_lock(void)
*/
static inline void rcu_read_unlock(void)
{
- rcu_lockdep_assert(rcu_is_watching(),
- "rcu_read_unlock() used illegally while idle");
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(),
+ "rcu_read_unlock() used illegally while idle");
__release(RCU);
__rcu_read_unlock();
rcu_lock_release(&rcu_lock_map); /* Keep acq info for rls diags. */
@@ -925,8 +937,8 @@ static inline void rcu_read_lock_bh(void)
local_bh_disable();
__acquire(RCU_BH);
rcu_lock_acquire(&rcu_bh_lock_map);
- rcu_lockdep_assert(rcu_is_watching(),
- "rcu_read_lock_bh() used illegally while idle");
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(),
+ "rcu_read_lock_bh() used illegally while idle");
}
/*
@@ -936,8 +948,8 @@ static inline void rcu_read_lock_bh(void)
*/
static inline void rcu_read_unlock_bh(void)
{
- rcu_lockdep_assert(rcu_is_watching(),
- "rcu_read_unlock_bh() used illegally while idle");
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(),
+ "rcu_read_unlock_bh() used illegally while idle");
rcu_lock_release(&rcu_bh_lock_map);
__release(RCU_BH);
local_bh_enable();
@@ -961,8 +973,8 @@ static inline void rcu_read_lock_sched(void)
preempt_disable();
__acquire(RCU_SCHED);
rcu_lock_acquire(&rcu_sched_lock_map);
- rcu_lockdep_assert(rcu_is_watching(),
- "rcu_read_lock_sched() used illegally while idle");
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(),
+ "rcu_read_lock_sched() used illegally while idle");
}
/* Used by lockdep and tracing: cannot be traced, cannot call lockdep. */
@@ -979,8 +991,8 @@ static inline notrace void rcu_read_lock_sched_notrace(void)
*/
static inline void rcu_read_unlock_sched(void)
{
- rcu_lockdep_assert(rcu_is_watching(),
- "rcu_read_unlock_sched() used illegally while idle");
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_is_watching(),
+ "rcu_read_unlock_sched() used illegally while idle");
rcu_lock_release(&rcu_sched_lock_map);
__release(RCU_SCHED);
preempt_enable();
@@ -1031,7 +1043,7 @@ static inline notrace void rcu_read_unlock_sched_notrace(void)
#define RCU_INIT_POINTER(p, v) \
do { \
rcu_dereference_sparse(p, __rcu); \
- p = RCU_INITIALIZER(v); \
+ WRITE_ONCE(p, RCU_INITIALIZER(v)); \
} while (0)
/**
diff --git a/include/linux/rcutiny.h b/include/linux/rcutiny.h
index 3df6c1e..ff968b7 100644
--- a/include/linux/rcutiny.h
+++ b/include/linux/rcutiny.h
@@ -37,6 +37,16 @@ static inline void cond_synchronize_rcu(unsigned long oldstate)
might_sleep();
}
+static inline unsigned long get_state_synchronize_sched(void)
+{
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static inline void cond_synchronize_sched(unsigned long oldstate)
+{
+ might_sleep();
+}
+
static inline void rcu_barrier_bh(void)
{
wait_rcu_gp(call_rcu_bh);
diff --git a/include/linux/rcutree.h b/include/linux/rcutree.h
index 4568791..5abec82 100644
--- a/include/linux/rcutree.h
+++ b/include/linux/rcutree.h
@@ -76,6 +76,8 @@ void rcu_barrier_bh(void);
void rcu_barrier_sched(void);
unsigned long get_state_synchronize_rcu(void);
void cond_synchronize_rcu(unsigned long oldstate);
+unsigned long get_state_synchronize_sched(void);
+void cond_synchronize_sched(unsigned long oldstate);
extern unsigned long rcutorture_testseq;
extern unsigned long rcutorture_vernum;
diff --git a/include/linux/spinlock.h b/include/linux/spinlock.h
index 0063b24..16c5ed5 100644
--- a/include/linux/spinlock.h
+++ b/include/linux/spinlock.h
@@ -130,16 +130,6 @@ do { \
#define smp_mb__before_spinlock() smp_wmb()
#endif
-/*
- * Place this after a lock-acquisition primitive to guarantee that
- * an UNLOCK+LOCK pair act as a full barrier. This guarantee applies
- * if the UNLOCK and LOCK are executed by the same CPU or if the
- * UNLOCK and LOCK operate on the same lock variable.
- */
-#ifndef smp_mb__after_unlock_lock
-#define smp_mb__after_unlock_lock() do { } while (0)
-#endif
-
/**
* raw_spin_unlock_wait - wait until the spinlock gets unlocked
* @lock: the spinlock in question.
diff --git a/include/linux/types.h b/include/linux/types.h
index 8715287..c314989 100644
--- a/include/linux/types.h
+++ b/include/linux/types.h
@@ -212,6 +212,9 @@ struct callback_head {
};
#define rcu_head callback_head
+typedef void (*rcu_callback_t)(struct rcu_head *head);
+typedef void (*call_rcu_func_t)(struct rcu_head *head, rcu_callback_t func);
+
/* clocksource cycle base type */
typedef u64 cycle_t;
diff --git a/include/trace/events/rcu.h b/include/trace/events/rcu.h
index c78e88c..ef72c4a 100644
--- a/include/trace/events/rcu.h
+++ b/include/trace/events/rcu.h
@@ -661,7 +661,6 @@ TRACE_EVENT(rcu_torture_read,
* Tracepoint for _rcu_barrier() execution. The string "s" describes
* the _rcu_barrier phase:
* "Begin": _rcu_barrier() started.
- * "Check": _rcu_barrier() checking for piggybacking.
* "EarlyExit": _rcu_barrier() piggybacked, thus early exit.
* "Inc1": _rcu_barrier() piggyback check counter incremented.
* "OfflineNoCB": _rcu_barrier() found callback on never-online CPU
diff --git a/init/Kconfig b/init/Kconfig
index af09b4f..ba1e6ea 100644
--- a/init/Kconfig
+++ b/init/Kconfig
@@ -538,15 +538,6 @@ config RCU_STALL_COMMON
config CONTEXT_TRACKING
bool
-config RCU_USER_QS
- bool
- help
- This option sets hooks on kernel / userspace boundaries and
- puts RCU in extended quiescent state when the CPU runs in
- userspace. It means that when a CPU runs in userspace, it is
- excluded from the global RCU state machine and thus doesn't
- try to keep the timer tick on for RCU.
-
config CONTEXT_TRACKING_FORCE
bool "Force context tracking"
depends on CONTEXT_TRACKING
@@ -707,6 +698,7 @@ config RCU_BOOST_DELAY
config RCU_NOCB_CPU
bool "Offload RCU callback processing from boot-selected CPUs"
depends on TREE_RCU || PREEMPT_RCU
+ depends on RCU_EXPERT || NO_HZ_FULL
default n
help
Use this option to reduce OS jitter for aggressive HPC or
diff --git a/kernel/cgroup.c b/kernel/cgroup.c
index f89d929..b89f316 100644
--- a/kernel/cgroup.c
+++ b/kernel/cgroup.c
@@ -107,8 +107,8 @@ static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(release_agent_path_lock);
struct percpu_rw_semaphore cgroup_threadgroup_rwsem;
#define cgroup_assert_mutex_or_rcu_locked() \
- rcu_lockdep_assert(rcu_read_lock_held() || \
- lockdep_is_held(&cgroup_mutex), \
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_read_lock_held() && \
+ !lockdep_is_held(&cgroup_mutex), \
"cgroup_mutex or RCU read lock required");
/*
diff --git a/kernel/cpu.c b/kernel/cpu.c
index 964b4ef..3c91a3f 100644
--- a/kernel/cpu.c
+++ b/kernel/cpu.c
@@ -382,14 +382,14 @@ static int _cpu_down(unsigned int cpu, int tasks_frozen)
* will observe it.
*
* For CONFIG_PREEMPT we have preemptible RCU and its sync_rcu() might
- * not imply sync_sched(), so explicitly call both.
+ * not imply sync_sched(), so wait for both.
*
* Do sync before park smpboot threads to take care the rcu boost case.
*/
-#ifdef CONFIG_PREEMPT
- synchronize_sched();
-#endif
- synchronize_rcu();
+ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_PREEMPT))
+ synchronize_rcu_mult(call_rcu, call_rcu_sched);
+ else
+ synchronize_rcu();
smpboot_park_threads(cpu);
diff --git a/kernel/pid.c b/kernel/pid.c
index 4fd07d5..ca36879 100644
--- a/kernel/pid.c
+++ b/kernel/pid.c
@@ -451,9 +451,8 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(pid_task);
*/
struct task_struct *find_task_by_pid_ns(pid_t nr, struct pid_namespace *ns)
{
- rcu_lockdep_assert(rcu_read_lock_held(),
- "find_task_by_pid_ns() needs rcu_read_lock()"
- " protection");
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_read_lock_held(),
+ "find_task_by_pid_ns() needs rcu_read_lock() protection");
return pid_task(find_pid_ns(nr, ns), PIDTYPE_PID);
}
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/rcutorture.c b/kernel/rcu/rcutorture.c
index 59e3268..7719295 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/rcutorture.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/rcutorture.c
@@ -635,6 +635,8 @@ static struct rcu_torture_ops sched_ops = {
.deferred_free = rcu_sched_torture_deferred_free,
.sync = synchronize_sched,
.exp_sync = synchronize_sched_expedited,
+ .get_state = get_state_synchronize_sched,
+ .cond_sync = cond_synchronize_sched,
.call = call_rcu_sched,
.cb_barrier = rcu_barrier_sched,
.fqs = rcu_sched_force_quiescent_state,
@@ -684,10 +686,20 @@ static struct rcu_torture_ops tasks_ops = {
#define RCUTORTURE_TASKS_OPS &tasks_ops,
+static bool __maybe_unused torturing_tasks(void)
+{
+ return cur_ops == &tasks_ops;
+}
+
#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU */
#define RCUTORTURE_TASKS_OPS
+static bool torturing_tasks(void)
+{
+ return false;
+}
+
#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_TASKS_RCU */
/*
@@ -823,9 +835,7 @@ rcu_torture_cbflood(void *arg)
}
if (err) {
VERBOSE_TOROUT_STRING("rcu_torture_cbflood disabled: Bad args or OOM");
- while (!torture_must_stop())
- schedule_timeout_interruptible(HZ);
- return 0;
+ goto wait_for_stop;
}
VERBOSE_TOROUT_STRING("rcu_torture_cbflood task started");
do {
@@ -844,6 +854,7 @@ rcu_torture_cbflood(void *arg)
stutter_wait("rcu_torture_cbflood");
} while (!torture_must_stop());
vfree(rhp);
+wait_for_stop:
torture_kthread_stopping("rcu_torture_cbflood");
return 0;
}
@@ -1088,7 +1099,8 @@ static void rcu_torture_timer(unsigned long unused)
p = rcu_dereference_check(rcu_torture_current,
rcu_read_lock_bh_held() ||
rcu_read_lock_sched_held() ||
- srcu_read_lock_held(srcu_ctlp));
+ srcu_read_lock_held(srcu_ctlp) ||
+ torturing_tasks());
if (p == NULL) {
/* Leave because rcu_torture_writer is not yet underway */
cur_ops->readunlock(idx);
@@ -1162,7 +1174,8 @@ rcu_torture_reader(void *arg)
p = rcu_dereference_check(rcu_torture_current,
rcu_read_lock_bh_held() ||
rcu_read_lock_sched_held() ||
- srcu_read_lock_held(srcu_ctlp));
+ srcu_read_lock_held(srcu_ctlp) ||
+ torturing_tasks());
if (p == NULL) {
/* Wait for rcu_torture_writer to get underway */
cur_ops->readunlock(idx);
@@ -1507,7 +1520,7 @@ static int rcu_torture_barrier_init(void)
int i;
int ret;
- if (n_barrier_cbs == 0)
+ if (n_barrier_cbs <= 0)
return 0;
if (cur_ops->call == NULL || cur_ops->cb_barrier == NULL) {
pr_alert("%s" TORTURE_FLAG
@@ -1786,12 +1799,15 @@ rcu_torture_init(void)
writer_task);
if (firsterr)
goto unwind;
- fakewriter_tasks = kzalloc(nfakewriters * sizeof(fakewriter_tasks[0]),
- GFP_KERNEL);
- if (fakewriter_tasks == NULL) {
- VERBOSE_TOROUT_ERRSTRING("out of memory");
- firsterr = -ENOMEM;
- goto unwind;
+ if (nfakewriters > 0) {
+ fakewriter_tasks = kzalloc(nfakewriters *
+ sizeof(fakewriter_tasks[0]),
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (fakewriter_tasks == NULL) {
+ VERBOSE_TOROUT_ERRSTRING("out of memory");
+ firsterr = -ENOMEM;
+ goto unwind;
+ }
}
for (i = 0; i < nfakewriters; i++) {
firsterr = torture_create_kthread(rcu_torture_fakewriter,
@@ -1818,7 +1834,7 @@ rcu_torture_init(void)
if (firsterr)
goto unwind;
}
- if (test_no_idle_hz) {
+ if (test_no_idle_hz && shuffle_interval > 0) {
firsterr = torture_shuffle_init(shuffle_interval * HZ);
if (firsterr)
goto unwind;
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/srcu.c b/kernel/rcu/srcu.c
index fb33d35..d3fcb2e 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/srcu.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/srcu.c
@@ -252,14 +252,15 @@ static bool srcu_readers_active_idx_check(struct srcu_struct *sp, int idx)
}
/**
- * srcu_readers_active - returns approximate number of readers.
+ * srcu_readers_active - returns true if there are readers. and false
+ * otherwise
* @sp: which srcu_struct to count active readers (holding srcu_read_lock).
*
* Note that this is not an atomic primitive, and can therefore suffer
* severe errors when invoked on an active srcu_struct. That said, it
* can be useful as an error check at cleanup time.
*/
-static int srcu_readers_active(struct srcu_struct *sp)
+static bool srcu_readers_active(struct srcu_struct *sp)
{
int cpu;
unsigned long sum = 0;
@@ -414,11 +415,11 @@ static void __synchronize_srcu(struct srcu_struct *sp, int trycount)
struct rcu_head *head = &rcu.head;
bool done = false;
- rcu_lockdep_assert(!lock_is_held(&sp->dep_map) &&
- !lock_is_held(&rcu_bh_lock_map) &&
- !lock_is_held(&rcu_lock_map) &&
- !lock_is_held(&rcu_sched_lock_map),
- "Illegal synchronize_srcu() in same-type SRCU (or RCU) read-side critical section");
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(lock_is_held(&sp->dep_map) ||
+ lock_is_held(&rcu_bh_lock_map) ||
+ lock_is_held(&rcu_lock_map) ||
+ lock_is_held(&rcu_sched_lock_map),
+ "Illegal synchronize_srcu() in same-type SRCU (or in RCU) read-side critical section");
might_sleep();
init_completion(&rcu.completion);
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tiny.c b/kernel/rcu/tiny.c
index c291bd6..d047105 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tiny.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tiny.c
@@ -191,10 +191,10 @@ static void rcu_process_callbacks(struct softirq_action *unused)
*/
void synchronize_sched(void)
{
- rcu_lockdep_assert(!lock_is_held(&rcu_bh_lock_map) &&
- !lock_is_held(&rcu_lock_map) &&
- !lock_is_held(&rcu_sched_lock_map),
- "Illegal synchronize_sched() in RCU read-side critical section");
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(lock_is_held(&rcu_bh_lock_map) ||
+ lock_is_held(&rcu_lock_map) ||
+ lock_is_held(&rcu_sched_lock_map),
+ "Illegal synchronize_sched() in RCU read-side critical section");
cond_resched();
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(synchronize_sched);
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree.c b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
index 65137bc..9f75f25 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
@@ -70,6 +70,8 @@ MODULE_ALIAS("rcutree");
static struct lock_class_key rcu_node_class[RCU_NUM_LVLS];
static struct lock_class_key rcu_fqs_class[RCU_NUM_LVLS];
+static struct lock_class_key rcu_exp_class[RCU_NUM_LVLS];
+static struct lock_class_key rcu_exp_sched_class[RCU_NUM_LVLS];
/*
* In order to export the rcu_state name to the tracing tools, it
@@ -124,13 +126,8 @@ module_param(rcu_fanout_exact, bool, 0444);
static int rcu_fanout_leaf = RCU_FANOUT_LEAF;
module_param(rcu_fanout_leaf, int, 0444);
int rcu_num_lvls __read_mostly = RCU_NUM_LVLS;
-static int num_rcu_lvl[] = { /* Number of rcu_nodes at specified level. */
- NUM_RCU_LVL_0,
- NUM_RCU_LVL_1,
- NUM_RCU_LVL_2,
- NUM_RCU_LVL_3,
- NUM_RCU_LVL_4,
-};
+/* Number of rcu_nodes at specified level. */
+static int num_rcu_lvl[] = NUM_RCU_LVL_INIT;
int rcu_num_nodes __read_mostly = NUM_RCU_NODES; /* Total # rcu_nodes in use. */
/*
@@ -649,12 +646,12 @@ static void rcu_eqs_enter_common(long long oldval, bool user)
* It is illegal to enter an extended quiescent state while
* in an RCU read-side critical section.
*/
- rcu_lockdep_assert(!lock_is_held(&rcu_lock_map),
- "Illegal idle entry in RCU read-side critical section.");
- rcu_lockdep_assert(!lock_is_held(&rcu_bh_lock_map),
- "Illegal idle entry in RCU-bh read-side critical section.");
- rcu_lockdep_assert(!lock_is_held(&rcu_sched_lock_map),
- "Illegal idle entry in RCU-sched read-side critical section.");
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(lock_is_held(&rcu_lock_map),
+ "Illegal idle entry in RCU read-side critical section.");
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(lock_is_held(&rcu_bh_lock_map),
+ "Illegal idle entry in RCU-bh read-side critical section.");
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(lock_is_held(&rcu_sched_lock_map),
+ "Illegal idle entry in RCU-sched read-side critical section.");
}
/*
@@ -701,7 +698,7 @@ void rcu_idle_enter(void)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_idle_enter);
-#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_USER_QS
+#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL
/**
* rcu_user_enter - inform RCU that we are resuming userspace.
*
@@ -714,7 +711,7 @@ void rcu_user_enter(void)
{
rcu_eqs_enter(1);
}
-#endif /* CONFIG_RCU_USER_QS */
+#endif /* CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL */
/**
* rcu_irq_exit - inform RCU that current CPU is exiting irq towards idle
@@ -828,7 +825,7 @@ void rcu_idle_exit(void)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_idle_exit);
-#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_USER_QS
+#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL
/**
* rcu_user_exit - inform RCU that we are exiting userspace.
*
@@ -839,7 +836,7 @@ void rcu_user_exit(void)
{
rcu_eqs_exit(1);
}
-#endif /* CONFIG_RCU_USER_QS */
+#endif /* CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL */
/**
* rcu_irq_enter - inform RCU that current CPU is entering irq away from idle
@@ -978,9 +975,9 @@ bool notrace rcu_is_watching(void)
{
bool ret;
- preempt_disable();
+ preempt_disable_notrace();
ret = __rcu_is_watching();
- preempt_enable();
+ preempt_enable_notrace();
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_is_watching);
@@ -1178,9 +1175,11 @@ static void rcu_check_gp_kthread_starvation(struct rcu_state *rsp)
j = jiffies;
gpa = READ_ONCE(rsp->gp_activity);
if (j - gpa > 2 * HZ)
- pr_err("%s kthread starved for %ld jiffies! g%lu c%lu f%#x\n",
+ pr_err("%s kthread starved for %ld jiffies! g%lu c%lu f%#x s%d ->state=%#lx\n",
rsp->name, j - gpa,
- rsp->gpnum, rsp->completed, rsp->gp_flags);
+ rsp->gpnum, rsp->completed,
+ rsp->gp_flags, rsp->gp_state,
+ rsp->gp_kthread ? rsp->gp_kthread->state : 0);
}
/*
@@ -1906,6 +1905,26 @@ static int rcu_gp_init(struct rcu_state *rsp)
}
/*
+ * Helper function for wait_event_interruptible_timeout() wakeup
+ * at force-quiescent-state time.
+ */
+static bool rcu_gp_fqs_check_wake(struct rcu_state *rsp, int *gfp)
+{
+ struct rcu_node *rnp = rcu_get_root(rsp);
+
+ /* Someone like call_rcu() requested a force-quiescent-state scan. */
+ *gfp = READ_ONCE(rsp->gp_flags);
+ if (*gfp & RCU_GP_FLAG_FQS)
+ return true;
+
+ /* The current grace period has completed. */
+ if (!READ_ONCE(rnp->qsmask) && !rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_cgp(rnp))
+ return true;
+
+ return false;
+}
+
+/*
* Do one round of quiescent-state forcing.
*/
static int rcu_gp_fqs(struct rcu_state *rsp, int fqs_state_in)
@@ -2041,6 +2060,7 @@ static int __noreturn rcu_gp_kthread(void *arg)
wait_event_interruptible(rsp->gp_wq,
READ_ONCE(rsp->gp_flags) &
RCU_GP_FLAG_INIT);
+ rsp->gp_state = RCU_GP_DONE_GPS;
/* Locking provides needed memory barrier. */
if (rcu_gp_init(rsp))
break;
@@ -2068,11 +2088,8 @@ static int __noreturn rcu_gp_kthread(void *arg)
TPS("fqswait"));
rsp->gp_state = RCU_GP_WAIT_FQS;
ret = wait_event_interruptible_timeout(rsp->gp_wq,
- ((gf = READ_ONCE(rsp->gp_flags)) &
- RCU_GP_FLAG_FQS) ||
- (!READ_ONCE(rnp->qsmask) &&
- !rcu_preempt_blocked_readers_cgp(rnp)),
- j);
+ rcu_gp_fqs_check_wake(rsp, &gf), j);
+ rsp->gp_state = RCU_GP_DOING_FQS;
/* Locking provides needed memory barriers. */
/* If grace period done, leave loop. */
if (!READ_ONCE(rnp->qsmask) &&
@@ -2110,7 +2127,9 @@ static int __noreturn rcu_gp_kthread(void *arg)
}
/* Handle grace-period end. */
+ rsp->gp_state = RCU_GP_CLEANUP;
rcu_gp_cleanup(rsp);
+ rsp->gp_state = RCU_GP_CLEANED;
}
}
@@ -3161,10 +3180,10 @@ static inline int rcu_blocking_is_gp(void)
*/
void synchronize_sched(void)
{
- rcu_lockdep_assert(!lock_is_held(&rcu_bh_lock_map) &&
- !lock_is_held(&rcu_lock_map) &&
- !lock_is_held(&rcu_sched_lock_map),
- "Illegal synchronize_sched() in RCU-sched read-side critical section");
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(lock_is_held(&rcu_bh_lock_map) ||
+ lock_is_held(&rcu_lock_map) ||
+ lock_is_held(&rcu_sched_lock_map),
+ "Illegal synchronize_sched() in RCU-sched read-side critical section");
if (rcu_blocking_is_gp())
return;
if (rcu_gp_is_expedited())
@@ -3188,10 +3207,10 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(synchronize_sched);
*/
void synchronize_rcu_bh(void)
{
- rcu_lockdep_assert(!lock_is_held(&rcu_bh_lock_map) &&
- !lock_is_held(&rcu_lock_map) &&
- !lock_is_held(&rcu_sched_lock_map),
- "Illegal synchronize_rcu_bh() in RCU-bh read-side critical section");
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(lock_is_held(&rcu_bh_lock_map) ||
+ lock_is_held(&rcu_lock_map) ||
+ lock_is_held(&rcu_sched_lock_map),
+ "Illegal synchronize_rcu_bh() in RCU-bh read-side critical section");
if (rcu_blocking_is_gp())
return;
if (rcu_gp_is_expedited())
@@ -3253,23 +3272,247 @@ void cond_synchronize_rcu(unsigned long oldstate)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cond_synchronize_rcu);
-static int synchronize_sched_expedited_cpu_stop(void *data)
+/**
+ * get_state_synchronize_sched - Snapshot current RCU-sched state
+ *
+ * Returns a cookie that is used by a later call to cond_synchronize_sched()
+ * to determine whether or not a full grace period has elapsed in the
+ * meantime.
+ */
+unsigned long get_state_synchronize_sched(void)
{
/*
- * There must be a full memory barrier on each affected CPU
- * between the time that try_stop_cpus() is called and the
- * time that it returns.
- *
- * In the current initial implementation of cpu_stop, the
- * above condition is already met when the control reaches
- * this point and the following smp_mb() is not strictly
- * necessary. Do smp_mb() anyway for documentation and
- * robustness against future implementation changes.
+ * Any prior manipulation of RCU-protected data must happen
+ * before the load from ->gpnum.
+ */
+ smp_mb(); /* ^^^ */
+
+ /*
+ * Make sure this load happens before the purportedly
+ * time-consuming work between get_state_synchronize_sched()
+ * and cond_synchronize_sched().
+ */
+ return smp_load_acquire(&rcu_sched_state.gpnum);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_state_synchronize_sched);
+
+/**
+ * cond_synchronize_sched - Conditionally wait for an RCU-sched grace period
+ *
+ * @oldstate: return value from earlier call to get_state_synchronize_sched()
+ *
+ * If a full RCU-sched grace period has elapsed since the earlier call to
+ * get_state_synchronize_sched(), just return. Otherwise, invoke
+ * synchronize_sched() to wait for a full grace period.
+ *
+ * Yes, this function does not take counter wrap into account. But
+ * counter wrap is harmless. If the counter wraps, we have waited for
+ * more than 2 billion grace periods (and way more on a 64-bit system!),
+ * so waiting for one additional grace period should be just fine.
+ */
+void cond_synchronize_sched(unsigned long oldstate)
+{
+ unsigned long newstate;
+
+ /*
+ * Ensure that this load happens before any RCU-destructive
+ * actions the caller might carry out after we return.
*/
- smp_mb(); /* See above comment block. */
+ newstate = smp_load_acquire(&rcu_sched_state.completed);
+ if (ULONG_CMP_GE(oldstate, newstate))
+ synchronize_sched();
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cond_synchronize_sched);
+
+/* Adjust sequence number for start of update-side operation. */
+static void rcu_seq_start(unsigned long *sp)
+{
+ WRITE_ONCE(*sp, *sp + 1);
+ smp_mb(); /* Ensure update-side operation after counter increment. */
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(!(*sp & 0x1));
+}
+
+/* Adjust sequence number for end of update-side operation. */
+static void rcu_seq_end(unsigned long *sp)
+{
+ smp_mb(); /* Ensure update-side operation before counter increment. */
+ WRITE_ONCE(*sp, *sp + 1);
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(*sp & 0x1);
+}
+
+/* Take a snapshot of the update side's sequence number. */
+static unsigned long rcu_seq_snap(unsigned long *sp)
+{
+ unsigned long s;
+
+ smp_mb(); /* Caller's modifications seen first by other CPUs. */
+ s = (READ_ONCE(*sp) + 3) & ~0x1;
+ smp_mb(); /* Above access must not bleed into critical section. */
+ return s;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Given a snapshot from rcu_seq_snap(), determine whether or not a
+ * full update-side operation has occurred.
+ */
+static bool rcu_seq_done(unsigned long *sp, unsigned long s)
+{
+ return ULONG_CMP_GE(READ_ONCE(*sp), s);
+}
+
+/* Wrapper functions for expedited grace periods. */
+static void rcu_exp_gp_seq_start(struct rcu_state *rsp)
+{
+ rcu_seq_start(&rsp->expedited_sequence);
+}
+static void rcu_exp_gp_seq_end(struct rcu_state *rsp)
+{
+ rcu_seq_end(&rsp->expedited_sequence);
+ smp_mb(); /* Ensure that consecutive grace periods serialize. */
+}
+static unsigned long rcu_exp_gp_seq_snap(struct rcu_state *rsp)
+{
+ return rcu_seq_snap(&rsp->expedited_sequence);
+}
+static bool rcu_exp_gp_seq_done(struct rcu_state *rsp, unsigned long s)
+{
+ return rcu_seq_done(&rsp->expedited_sequence, s);
+}
+
+/* Common code for synchronize_{rcu,sched}_expedited() work-done checking. */
+static bool sync_exp_work_done(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_node *rnp,
+ struct rcu_data *rdp,
+ atomic_long_t *stat, unsigned long s)
+{
+ if (rcu_exp_gp_seq_done(rsp, s)) {
+ if (rnp)
+ mutex_unlock(&rnp->exp_funnel_mutex);
+ else if (rdp)
+ mutex_unlock(&rdp->exp_funnel_mutex);
+ /* Ensure test happens before caller kfree(). */
+ smp_mb__before_atomic(); /* ^^^ */
+ atomic_long_inc(stat);
+ return true;
+ }
+ return false;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Funnel-lock acquisition for expedited grace periods. Returns a
+ * pointer to the root rcu_node structure, or NULL if some other
+ * task did the expedited grace period for us.
+ */
+static struct rcu_node *exp_funnel_lock(struct rcu_state *rsp, unsigned long s)
+{
+ struct rcu_data *rdp;
+ struct rcu_node *rnp0;
+ struct rcu_node *rnp1 = NULL;
+
+ /*
+ * First try directly acquiring the root lock in order to reduce
+ * latency in the common case where expedited grace periods are
+ * rare. We check mutex_is_locked() to avoid pathological levels of
+ * memory contention on ->exp_funnel_mutex in the heavy-load case.
+ */
+ rnp0 = rcu_get_root(rsp);
+ if (!mutex_is_locked(&rnp0->exp_funnel_mutex)) {
+ if (mutex_trylock(&rnp0->exp_funnel_mutex)) {
+ if (sync_exp_work_done(rsp, rnp0, NULL,
+ &rsp->expedited_workdone0, s))
+ return NULL;
+ return rnp0;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Each pass through the following loop works its way
+ * up the rcu_node tree, returning if others have done the
+ * work or otherwise falls through holding the root rnp's
+ * ->exp_funnel_mutex. The mapping from CPU to rcu_node structure
+ * can be inexact, as it is just promoting locality and is not
+ * strictly needed for correctness.
+ */
+ rdp = per_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda, raw_smp_processor_id());
+ if (sync_exp_work_done(rsp, NULL, NULL, &rsp->expedited_workdone1, s))
+ return NULL;
+ mutex_lock(&rdp->exp_funnel_mutex);
+ rnp0 = rdp->mynode;
+ for (; rnp0 != NULL; rnp0 = rnp0->parent) {
+ if (sync_exp_work_done(rsp, rnp1, rdp,
+ &rsp->expedited_workdone2, s))
+ return NULL;
+ mutex_lock(&rnp0->exp_funnel_mutex);
+ if (rnp1)
+ mutex_unlock(&rnp1->exp_funnel_mutex);
+ else
+ mutex_unlock(&rdp->exp_funnel_mutex);
+ rnp1 = rnp0;
+ }
+ if (sync_exp_work_done(rsp, rnp1, rdp,
+ &rsp->expedited_workdone3, s))
+ return NULL;
+ return rnp1;
+}
+
+/* Invoked on each online non-idle CPU for expedited quiescent state. */
+static int synchronize_sched_expedited_cpu_stop(void *data)
+{
+ struct rcu_data *rdp = data;
+ struct rcu_state *rsp = rdp->rsp;
+
+ /* We are here: If we are last, do the wakeup. */
+ rdp->exp_done = true;
+ if (atomic_dec_and_test(&rsp->expedited_need_qs))
+ wake_up(&rsp->expedited_wq);
return 0;
}
+static void synchronize_sched_expedited_wait(struct rcu_state *rsp)
+{
+ int cpu;
+ unsigned long jiffies_stall;
+ unsigned long jiffies_start;
+ struct rcu_data *rdp;
+ int ret;
+
+ jiffies_stall = rcu_jiffies_till_stall_check();
+ jiffies_start = jiffies;
+
+ for (;;) {
+ ret = wait_event_interruptible_timeout(
+ rsp->expedited_wq,
+ !atomic_read(&rsp->expedited_need_qs),
+ jiffies_stall);
+ if (ret > 0)
+ return;
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ /* Hit a signal, disable CPU stall warnings. */
+ wait_event(rsp->expedited_wq,
+ !atomic_read(&rsp->expedited_need_qs));
+ return;
+ }
+ pr_err("INFO: %s detected expedited stalls on CPUs: {",
+ rsp->name);
+ for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
+ rdp = per_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda, cpu);
+
+ if (rdp->exp_done)
+ continue;
+ pr_cont(" %d", cpu);
+ }
+ pr_cont(" } %lu jiffies s: %lu\n",
+ jiffies - jiffies_start, rsp->expedited_sequence);
+ for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
+ rdp = per_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda, cpu);
+
+ if (rdp->exp_done)
+ continue;
+ dump_cpu_task(cpu);
+ }
+ jiffies_stall = 3 * rcu_jiffies_till_stall_check() + 3;
+ }
+}
+
/**
* synchronize_sched_expedited - Brute-force RCU-sched grace period
*
@@ -3281,58 +3524,21 @@ static int synchronize_sched_expedited_cpu_stop(void *data)
* restructure your code to batch your updates, and then use a single
* synchronize_sched() instead.
*
- * This implementation can be thought of as an application of ticket
- * locking to RCU, with sync_sched_expedited_started and
- * sync_sched_expedited_done taking on the roles of the halves
- * of the ticket-lock word. Each task atomically increments
- * sync_sched_expedited_started upon entry, snapshotting the old value,
- * then attempts to stop all the CPUs. If this succeeds, then each
- * CPU will have executed a context switch, resulting in an RCU-sched
- * grace period. We are then done, so we use atomic_cmpxchg() to
- * update sync_sched_expedited_done to match our snapshot -- but
- * only if someone else has not already advanced past our snapshot.
- *
- * On the other hand, if try_stop_cpus() fails, we check the value
- * of sync_sched_expedited_done. If it has advanced past our
- * initial snapshot, then someone else must have forced a grace period
- * some time after we took our snapshot. In this case, our work is
- * done for us, and we can simply return. Otherwise, we try again,
- * but keep our initial snapshot for purposes of checking for someone
- * doing our work for us.
- *
- * If we fail too many times in a row, we fall back to synchronize_sched().
+ * This implementation can be thought of as an application of sequence
+ * locking to expedited grace periods, but using the sequence counter to
+ * determine when someone else has already done the work instead of for
+ * retrying readers.
*/
void synchronize_sched_expedited(void)
{
- cpumask_var_t cm;
- bool cma = false;
int cpu;
- long firstsnap, s, snap;
- int trycount = 0;
+ unsigned long s;
+ struct rcu_node *rnp;
struct rcu_state *rsp = &rcu_sched_state;
- /*
- * If we are in danger of counter wrap, just do synchronize_sched().
- * By allowing sync_sched_expedited_started to advance no more than
- * ULONG_MAX/8 ahead of sync_sched_expedited_done, we are ensuring
- * that more than 3.5 billion CPUs would be required to force a
- * counter wrap on a 32-bit system. Quite a few more CPUs would of
- * course be required on a 64-bit system.
- */
- if (ULONG_CMP_GE((ulong)atomic_long_read(&rsp->expedited_start),
- (ulong)atomic_long_read(&rsp->expedited_done) +
- ULONG_MAX / 8)) {
- wait_rcu_gp(call_rcu_sched);
- atomic_long_inc(&rsp->expedited_wrap);
- return;
- }
+ /* Take a snapshot of the sequence number. */
+ s = rcu_exp_gp_seq_snap(rsp);
- /*
- * Take a ticket. Note that atomic_inc_return() implies a
- * full memory barrier.
- */
- snap = atomic_long_inc_return(&rsp->expedited_start);
- firstsnap = snap;
if (!try_get_online_cpus()) {
/* CPU hotplug operation in flight, fall back to normal GP. */
wait_rcu_gp(call_rcu_sched);
@@ -3341,100 +3547,38 @@ void synchronize_sched_expedited(void)
}
WARN_ON_ONCE(cpu_is_offline(raw_smp_processor_id()));
- /* Offline CPUs, idle CPUs, and any CPU we run on are quiescent. */
- cma = zalloc_cpumask_var(&cm, GFP_KERNEL);
- if (cma) {
- cpumask_copy(cm, cpu_online_mask);
- cpumask_clear_cpu(raw_smp_processor_id(), cm);
- for_each_cpu(cpu, cm) {
- struct rcu_dynticks *rdtp = &per_cpu(rcu_dynticks, cpu);
-
- if (!(atomic_add_return(0, &rdtp->dynticks) & 0x1))
- cpumask_clear_cpu(cpu, cm);
- }
- if (cpumask_weight(cm) == 0)
- goto all_cpus_idle;
+ rnp = exp_funnel_lock(rsp, s);
+ if (rnp == NULL) {
+ put_online_cpus();
+ return; /* Someone else did our work for us. */
}
- /*
- * Each pass through the following loop attempts to force a
- * context switch on each CPU.
- */
- while (try_stop_cpus(cma ? cm : cpu_online_mask,
- synchronize_sched_expedited_cpu_stop,
- NULL) == -EAGAIN) {
- put_online_cpus();
- atomic_long_inc(&rsp->expedited_tryfail);
-
- /* Check to see if someone else did our work for us. */
- s = atomic_long_read(&rsp->expedited_done);
- if (ULONG_CMP_GE((ulong)s, (ulong)firstsnap)) {
- /* ensure test happens before caller kfree */
- smp_mb__before_atomic(); /* ^^^ */
- atomic_long_inc(&rsp->expedited_workdone1);
- free_cpumask_var(cm);
- return;
- }
+ rcu_exp_gp_seq_start(rsp);
- /* No joy, try again later. Or just synchronize_sched(). */
- if (trycount++ < 10) {
- udelay(trycount * num_online_cpus());
- } else {
- wait_rcu_gp(call_rcu_sched);
- atomic_long_inc(&rsp->expedited_normal);
- free_cpumask_var(cm);
- return;
- }
+ /* Stop each CPU that is online, non-idle, and not us. */
+ init_waitqueue_head(&rsp->expedited_wq);
+ atomic_set(&rsp->expedited_need_qs, 1); /* Extra count avoids race. */
+ for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
+ struct rcu_data *rdp = per_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda, cpu);
+ struct rcu_dynticks *rdtp = &per_cpu(rcu_dynticks, cpu);
- /* Recheck to see if someone else did our work for us. */
- s = atomic_long_read(&rsp->expedited_done);
- if (ULONG_CMP_GE((ulong)s, (ulong)firstsnap)) {
- /* ensure test happens before caller kfree */
- smp_mb__before_atomic(); /* ^^^ */
- atomic_long_inc(&rsp->expedited_workdone2);
- free_cpumask_var(cm);
- return;
- }
+ rdp->exp_done = false;
- /*
- * Refetching sync_sched_expedited_started allows later
- * callers to piggyback on our grace period. We retry
- * after they started, so our grace period works for them,
- * and they started after our first try, so their grace
- * period works for us.
- */
- if (!try_get_online_cpus()) {
- /* CPU hotplug operation in flight, use normal GP. */
- wait_rcu_gp(call_rcu_sched);
- atomic_long_inc(&rsp->expedited_normal);
- free_cpumask_var(cm);
- return;
- }
- snap = atomic_long_read(&rsp->expedited_start);
- smp_mb(); /* ensure read is before try_stop_cpus(). */
+ /* Skip our CPU and any idle CPUs. */
+ if (raw_smp_processor_id() == cpu ||
+ !(atomic_add_return(0, &rdtp->dynticks) & 0x1))
+ continue;
+ atomic_inc(&rsp->expedited_need_qs);
+ stop_one_cpu_nowait(cpu, synchronize_sched_expedited_cpu_stop,
+ rdp, &rdp->exp_stop_work);
}
- atomic_long_inc(&rsp->expedited_stoppedcpus);
-all_cpus_idle:
- free_cpumask_var(cm);
+ /* Remove extra count and, if necessary, wait for CPUs to stop. */
+ if (!atomic_dec_and_test(&rsp->expedited_need_qs))
+ synchronize_sched_expedited_wait(rsp);
- /*
- * Everyone up to our most recent fetch is covered by our grace
- * period. Update the counter, but only if our work is still
- * relevant -- which it won't be if someone who started later
- * than we did already did their update.
- */
- do {
- atomic_long_inc(&rsp->expedited_done_tries);
- s = atomic_long_read(&rsp->expedited_done);
- if (ULONG_CMP_GE((ulong)s, (ulong)snap)) {
- /* ensure test happens before caller kfree */
- smp_mb__before_atomic(); /* ^^^ */
- atomic_long_inc(&rsp->expedited_done_lost);
- break;
- }
- } while (atomic_long_cmpxchg(&rsp->expedited_done, s, snap) != s);
- atomic_long_inc(&rsp->expedited_done_exit);
+ rcu_exp_gp_seq_end(rsp);
+ mutex_unlock(&rnp->exp_funnel_mutex);
put_online_cpus();
}
@@ -3571,10 +3715,10 @@ static void rcu_barrier_callback(struct rcu_head *rhp)
struct rcu_state *rsp = rdp->rsp;
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&rsp->barrier_cpu_count)) {
- _rcu_barrier_trace(rsp, "LastCB", -1, rsp->n_barrier_done);
+ _rcu_barrier_trace(rsp, "LastCB", -1, rsp->barrier_sequence);
complete(&rsp->barrier_completion);
} else {
- _rcu_barrier_trace(rsp, "CB", -1, rsp->n_barrier_done);
+ _rcu_barrier_trace(rsp, "CB", -1, rsp->barrier_sequence);
}
}
@@ -3586,7 +3730,7 @@ static void rcu_barrier_func(void *type)
struct rcu_state *rsp = type;
struct rcu_data *rdp = raw_cpu_ptr(rsp->rda);
- _rcu_barrier_trace(rsp, "IRQ", -1, rsp->n_barrier_done);
+ _rcu_barrier_trace(rsp, "IRQ", -1, rsp->barrier_sequence);
atomic_inc(&rsp->barrier_cpu_count);
rsp->call(&rdp->barrier_head, rcu_barrier_callback);
}
@@ -3599,55 +3743,24 @@ static void _rcu_barrier(struct rcu_state *rsp)
{
int cpu;
struct rcu_data *rdp;
- unsigned long snap = READ_ONCE(rsp->n_barrier_done);
- unsigned long snap_done;
+ unsigned long s = rcu_seq_snap(&rsp->barrier_sequence);
- _rcu_barrier_trace(rsp, "Begin", -1, snap);
+ _rcu_barrier_trace(rsp, "Begin", -1, s);
/* Take mutex to serialize concurrent rcu_barrier() requests. */
mutex_lock(&rsp->barrier_mutex);
- /*
- * Ensure that all prior references, including to ->n_barrier_done,
- * are ordered before the _rcu_barrier() machinery.
- */
- smp_mb(); /* See above block comment. */
-
- /*
- * Recheck ->n_barrier_done to see if others did our work for us.
- * This means checking ->n_barrier_done for an even-to-odd-to-even
- * transition. The "if" expression below therefore rounds the old
- * value up to the next even number and adds two before comparing.
- */
- snap_done = rsp->n_barrier_done;
- _rcu_barrier_trace(rsp, "Check", -1, snap_done);
-
- /*
- * If the value in snap is odd, we needed to wait for the current
- * rcu_barrier() to complete, then wait for the next one, in other
- * words, we need the value of snap_done to be three larger than
- * the value of snap. On the other hand, if the value in snap is
- * even, we only had to wait for the next rcu_barrier() to complete,
- * in other words, we need the value of snap_done to be only two
- * greater than the value of snap. The "(snap + 3) & ~0x1" computes
- * this for us (thank you, Linus!).
- */
- if (ULONG_CMP_GE(snap_done, (snap + 3) & ~0x1)) {
- _rcu_barrier_trace(rsp, "EarlyExit", -1, snap_done);
+ /* Did someone else do our work for us? */
+ if (rcu_seq_done(&rsp->barrier_sequence, s)) {
+ _rcu_barrier_trace(rsp, "EarlyExit", -1, rsp->barrier_sequence);
smp_mb(); /* caller's subsequent code after above check. */
mutex_unlock(&rsp->barrier_mutex);
return;
}
- /*
- * Increment ->n_barrier_done to avoid duplicate work. Use
- * WRITE_ONCE() to prevent the compiler from speculating
- * the increment to precede the early-exit check.
- */
- WRITE_ONCE(rsp->n_barrier_done, rsp->n_barrier_done + 1);
- WARN_ON_ONCE((rsp->n_barrier_done & 0x1) != 1);
- _rcu_barrier_trace(rsp, "Inc1", -1, rsp->n_barrier_done);
- smp_mb(); /* Order ->n_barrier_done increment with below mechanism. */
+ /* Mark the start of the barrier operation. */
+ rcu_seq_start(&rsp->barrier_sequence);
+ _rcu_barrier_trace(rsp, "Inc1", -1, rsp->barrier_sequence);
/*
* Initialize the count to one rather than to zero in order to
@@ -3671,10 +3784,10 @@ static void _rcu_barrier(struct rcu_state *rsp)
if (rcu_is_nocb_cpu(cpu)) {
if (!rcu_nocb_cpu_needs_barrier(rsp, cpu)) {
_rcu_barrier_trace(rsp, "OfflineNoCB", cpu,
- rsp->n_barrier_done);
+ rsp->barrier_sequence);
} else {
_rcu_barrier_trace(rsp, "OnlineNoCB", cpu,
- rsp->n_barrier_done);
+ rsp->barrier_sequence);
smp_mb__before_atomic();
atomic_inc(&rsp->barrier_cpu_count);
__call_rcu(&rdp->barrier_head,
@@ -3682,11 +3795,11 @@ static void _rcu_barrier(struct rcu_state *rsp)
}
} else if (READ_ONCE(rdp->qlen)) {
_rcu_barrier_trace(rsp, "OnlineQ", cpu,
- rsp->n_barrier_done);
+ rsp->barrier_sequence);
smp_call_function_single(cpu, rcu_barrier_func, rsp, 1);
} else {
_rcu_barrier_trace(rsp, "OnlineNQ", cpu,
- rsp->n_barrier_done);
+ rsp->barrier_sequence);
}
}
put_online_cpus();
@@ -3698,16 +3811,13 @@ static void _rcu_barrier(struct rcu_state *rsp)
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&rsp->barrier_cpu_count))
complete(&rsp->barrier_completion);
- /* Increment ->n_barrier_done to prevent duplicate work. */
- smp_mb(); /* Keep increment after above mechanism. */
- WRITE_ONCE(rsp->n_barrier_done, rsp->n_barrier_done + 1);
- WARN_ON_ONCE((rsp->n_barrier_done & 0x1) != 0);
- _rcu_barrier_trace(rsp, "Inc2", -1, rsp->n_barrier_done);
- smp_mb(); /* Keep increment before caller's subsequent code. */
-
/* Wait for all rcu_barrier_callback() callbacks to be invoked. */
wait_for_completion(&rsp->barrier_completion);
+ /* Mark the end of the barrier operation. */
+ _rcu_barrier_trace(rsp, "Inc2", -1, rsp->barrier_sequence);
+ rcu_seq_end(&rsp->barrier_sequence);
+
/* Other rcu_barrier() invocations can now safely proceed. */
mutex_unlock(&rsp->barrier_mutex);
}
@@ -3770,6 +3880,7 @@ rcu_boot_init_percpu_data(int cpu, struct rcu_state *rsp)
WARN_ON_ONCE(atomic_read(&rdp->dynticks->dynticks) != 1);
rdp->cpu = cpu;
rdp->rsp = rsp;
+ mutex_init(&rdp->exp_funnel_mutex);
rcu_boot_init_nocb_percpu_data(rdp);
raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rnp->lock, flags);
}
@@ -3961,22 +4072,22 @@ void rcu_scheduler_starting(void)
* Compute the per-level fanout, either using the exact fanout specified
* or balancing the tree, depending on the rcu_fanout_exact boot parameter.
*/
-static void __init rcu_init_levelspread(struct rcu_state *rsp)
+static void __init rcu_init_levelspread(int *levelspread, const int *levelcnt)
{
int i;
if (rcu_fanout_exact) {
- rsp->levelspread[rcu_num_lvls - 1] = rcu_fanout_leaf;
+ levelspread[rcu_num_lvls - 1] = rcu_fanout_leaf;
for (i = rcu_num_lvls - 2; i >= 0; i--)
- rsp->levelspread[i] = RCU_FANOUT;
+ levelspread[i] = RCU_FANOUT;
} else {
int ccur;
int cprv;
cprv = nr_cpu_ids;
for (i = rcu_num_lvls - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
- ccur = rsp->levelcnt[i];
- rsp->levelspread[i] = (cprv + ccur - 1) / ccur;
+ ccur = levelcnt[i];
+ levelspread[i] = (cprv + ccur - 1) / ccur;
cprv = ccur;
}
}
@@ -3988,23 +4099,20 @@ static void __init rcu_init_levelspread(struct rcu_state *rsp)
static void __init rcu_init_one(struct rcu_state *rsp,
struct rcu_data __percpu *rda)
{
- static const char * const buf[] = {
- "rcu_node_0",
- "rcu_node_1",
- "rcu_node_2",
- "rcu_node_3" }; /* Match MAX_RCU_LVLS */
- static const char * const fqs[] = {
- "rcu_node_fqs_0",
- "rcu_node_fqs_1",
- "rcu_node_fqs_2",
- "rcu_node_fqs_3" }; /* Match MAX_RCU_LVLS */
+ static const char * const buf[] = RCU_NODE_NAME_INIT;
+ static const char * const fqs[] = RCU_FQS_NAME_INIT;
+ static const char * const exp[] = RCU_EXP_NAME_INIT;
+ static const char * const exp_sched[] = RCU_EXP_SCHED_NAME_INIT;
static u8 fl_mask = 0x1;
+
+ int levelcnt[RCU_NUM_LVLS]; /* # nodes in each level. */
+ int levelspread[RCU_NUM_LVLS]; /* kids/node in each level. */
int cpustride = 1;
int i;
int j;
struct rcu_node *rnp;
- BUILD_BUG_ON(MAX_RCU_LVLS > ARRAY_SIZE(buf)); /* Fix buf[] init! */
+ BUILD_BUG_ON(RCU_NUM_LVLS > ARRAY_SIZE(buf)); /* Fix buf[] init! */
/* Silence gcc 4.8 false positive about array index out of range. */
if (rcu_num_lvls <= 0 || rcu_num_lvls > RCU_NUM_LVLS)
@@ -4013,19 +4121,19 @@ static void __init rcu_init_one(struct rcu_state *rsp,
/* Initialize the level-tracking arrays. */
for (i = 0; i < rcu_num_lvls; i++)
- rsp->levelcnt[i] = num_rcu_lvl[i];
+ levelcnt[i] = num_rcu_lvl[i];
for (i = 1; i < rcu_num_lvls; i++)
- rsp->level[i] = rsp->level[i - 1] + rsp->levelcnt[i - 1];
- rcu_init_levelspread(rsp);
+ rsp->level[i] = rsp->level[i - 1] + levelcnt[i - 1];
+ rcu_init_levelspread(levelspread, levelcnt);
rsp->flavor_mask = fl_mask;
fl_mask <<= 1;
/* Initialize the elements themselves, starting from the leaves. */
for (i = rcu_num_lvls - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
- cpustride *= rsp->levelspread[i];
+ cpustride *= levelspread[i];
rnp = rsp->level[i];
- for (j = 0; j < rsp->levelcnt[i]; j++, rnp++) {
+ for (j = 0; j < levelcnt[i]; j++, rnp++) {
raw_spin_lock_init(&rnp->lock);
lockdep_set_class_and_name(&rnp->lock,
&rcu_node_class[i], buf[i]);
@@ -4045,14 +4153,23 @@ static void __init rcu_init_one(struct rcu_state *rsp,
rnp->grpmask = 0;
rnp->parent = NULL;
} else {
- rnp->grpnum = j % rsp->levelspread[i - 1];
+ rnp->grpnum = j % levelspread[i - 1];
rnp->grpmask = 1UL << rnp->grpnum;
rnp->parent = rsp->level[i - 1] +
- j / rsp->levelspread[i - 1];
+ j / levelspread[i - 1];
}
rnp->level = i;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&rnp->blkd_tasks);
rcu_init_one_nocb(rnp);
+ mutex_init(&rnp->exp_funnel_mutex);
+ if (rsp == &rcu_sched_state)
+ lockdep_set_class_and_name(
+ &rnp->exp_funnel_mutex,
+ &rcu_exp_sched_class[i], exp_sched[i]);
+ else
+ lockdep_set_class_and_name(
+ &rnp->exp_funnel_mutex,
+ &rcu_exp_class[i], exp[i]);
}
}
@@ -4076,9 +4193,7 @@ static void __init rcu_init_geometry(void)
{
ulong d;
int i;
- int j;
- int n = nr_cpu_ids;
- int rcu_capacity[MAX_RCU_LVLS + 1];
+ int rcu_capacity[RCU_NUM_LVLS];
/*
* Initialize any unspecified boot parameters.
@@ -4101,47 +4216,49 @@ static void __init rcu_init_geometry(void)
rcu_fanout_leaf, nr_cpu_ids);
/*
- * Compute number of nodes that can be handled an rcu_node tree
- * with the given number of levels. Setting rcu_capacity[0] makes
- * some of the arithmetic easier.
- */
- rcu_capacity[0] = 1;
- rcu_capacity[1] = rcu_fanout_leaf;
- for (i = 2; i <= MAX_RCU_LVLS; i++)
- rcu_capacity[i] = rcu_capacity[i - 1] * RCU_FANOUT;
-
- /*
* The boot-time rcu_fanout_leaf parameter is only permitted
* to increase the leaf-level fanout, not decrease it. Of course,
* the leaf-level fanout cannot exceed the number of bits in
- * the rcu_node masks. Finally, the tree must be able to accommodate
- * the configured number of CPUs. Complain and fall back to the
- * compile-time values if these limits are exceeded.
+ * the rcu_node masks. Complain and fall back to the compile-
+ * time values if these limits are exceeded.
*/
if (rcu_fanout_leaf < RCU_FANOUT_LEAF ||
- rcu_fanout_leaf > sizeof(unsigned long) * 8 ||
- n > rcu_capacity[MAX_RCU_LVLS]) {
+ rcu_fanout_leaf > sizeof(unsigned long) * 8) {
+ rcu_fanout_leaf = RCU_FANOUT_LEAF;
WARN_ON(1);
return;
}
+ /*
+ * Compute number of nodes that can be handled an rcu_node tree
+ * with the given number of levels.
+ */
+ rcu_capacity[0] = rcu_fanout_leaf;
+ for (i = 1; i < RCU_NUM_LVLS; i++)
+ rcu_capacity[i] = rcu_capacity[i - 1] * RCU_FANOUT;
+
+ /*
+ * The tree must be able to accommodate the configured number of CPUs.
+ * If this limit is exceeded than we have a serious problem elsewhere.
+ */
+ if (nr_cpu_ids > rcu_capacity[RCU_NUM_LVLS - 1])
+ panic("rcu_init_geometry: rcu_capacity[] is too small");
+
+ /* Calculate the number of levels in the tree. */
+ for (i = 0; nr_cpu_ids > rcu_capacity[i]; i++) {
+ }
+ rcu_num_lvls = i + 1;
+
/* Calculate the number of rcu_nodes at each level of the tree. */
- for (i = 1; i <= MAX_RCU_LVLS; i++)
- if (n <= rcu_capacity[i]) {
- for (j = 0; j <= i; j++)
- num_rcu_lvl[j] =
- DIV_ROUND_UP(n, rcu_capacity[i - j]);
- rcu_num_lvls = i;
- for (j = i + 1; j <= MAX_RCU_LVLS; j++)
- num_rcu_lvl[j] = 0;
- break;
- }
+ for (i = 0; i < rcu_num_lvls; i++) {
+ int cap = rcu_capacity[(rcu_num_lvls - 1) - i];
+ num_rcu_lvl[i] = DIV_ROUND_UP(nr_cpu_ids, cap);
+ }
/* Calculate the total number of rcu_node structures. */
rcu_num_nodes = 0;
- for (i = 0; i <= MAX_RCU_LVLS; i++)
+ for (i = 0; i < rcu_num_lvls; i++)
rcu_num_nodes += num_rcu_lvl[i];
- rcu_num_nodes -= n;
}
/*
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree.h b/kernel/rcu/tree.h
index 4adb7ca..2e991f8 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree.h
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree.h
@@ -27,6 +27,7 @@
#include <linux/threads.h>
#include <linux/cpumask.h>
#include <linux/seqlock.h>
+#include <linux/stop_machine.h>
/*
* Define shape of hierarchy based on NR_CPUS, CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT, and
@@ -36,8 +37,6 @@
* Of course, your mileage may vary.
*/
-#define MAX_RCU_LVLS 4
-
#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT
#define RCU_FANOUT CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT
#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT */
@@ -66,38 +65,53 @@
#if NR_CPUS <= RCU_FANOUT_1
# define RCU_NUM_LVLS 1
# define NUM_RCU_LVL_0 1
-# define NUM_RCU_LVL_1 (NR_CPUS)
-# define NUM_RCU_LVL_2 0
-# define NUM_RCU_LVL_3 0
-# define NUM_RCU_LVL_4 0
+# define NUM_RCU_NODES NUM_RCU_LVL_0
+# define NUM_RCU_LVL_INIT { NUM_RCU_LVL_0 }
+# define RCU_NODE_NAME_INIT { "rcu_node_0" }
+# define RCU_FQS_NAME_INIT { "rcu_node_fqs_0" }
+# define RCU_EXP_NAME_INIT { "rcu_node_exp_0" }
+# define RCU_EXP_SCHED_NAME_INIT \
+ { "rcu_node_exp_sched_0" }
#elif NR_CPUS <= RCU_FANOUT_2
# define RCU_NUM_LVLS 2
# define NUM_RCU_LVL_0 1
# define NUM_RCU_LVL_1 DIV_ROUND_UP(NR_CPUS, RCU_FANOUT_1)
-# define NUM_RCU_LVL_2 (NR_CPUS)
-# define NUM_RCU_LVL_3 0
-# define NUM_RCU_LVL_4 0
+# define NUM_RCU_NODES (NUM_RCU_LVL_0 + NUM_RCU_LVL_1)
+# define NUM_RCU_LVL_INIT { NUM_RCU_LVL_0, NUM_RCU_LVL_1 }
+# define RCU_NODE_NAME_INIT { "rcu_node_0", "rcu_node_1" }
+# define RCU_FQS_NAME_INIT { "rcu_node_fqs_0", "rcu_node_fqs_1" }
+# define RCU_EXP_NAME_INIT { "rcu_node_exp_0", "rcu_node_exp_1" }
+# define RCU_EXP_SCHED_NAME_INIT \
+ { "rcu_node_exp_sched_0", "rcu_node_exp_sched_1" }
#elif NR_CPUS <= RCU_FANOUT_3
# define RCU_NUM_LVLS 3
# define NUM_RCU_LVL_0 1
# define NUM_RCU_LVL_1 DIV_ROUND_UP(NR_CPUS, RCU_FANOUT_2)
# define NUM_RCU_LVL_2 DIV_ROUND_UP(NR_CPUS, RCU_FANOUT_1)
-# define NUM_RCU_LVL_3 (NR_CPUS)
-# define NUM_RCU_LVL_4 0
+# define NUM_RCU_NODES (NUM_RCU_LVL_0 + NUM_RCU_LVL_1 + NUM_RCU_LVL_2)
+# define NUM_RCU_LVL_INIT { NUM_RCU_LVL_0, NUM_RCU_LVL_1, NUM_RCU_LVL_2 }
+# define RCU_NODE_NAME_INIT { "rcu_node_0", "rcu_node_1", "rcu_node_2" }
+# define RCU_FQS_NAME_INIT { "rcu_node_fqs_0", "rcu_node_fqs_1", "rcu_node_fqs_2" }
+# define RCU_EXP_NAME_INIT { "rcu_node_exp_0", "rcu_node_exp_1", "rcu_node_exp_2" }
+# define RCU_EXP_SCHED_NAME_INIT \
+ { "rcu_node_exp_sched_0", "rcu_node_exp_sched_1", "rcu_node_exp_sched_2" }
#elif NR_CPUS <= RCU_FANOUT_4
# define RCU_NUM_LVLS 4
# define NUM_RCU_LVL_0 1
# define NUM_RCU_LVL_1 DIV_ROUND_UP(NR_CPUS, RCU_FANOUT_3)
# define NUM_RCU_LVL_2 DIV_ROUND_UP(NR_CPUS, RCU_FANOUT_2)
# define NUM_RCU_LVL_3 DIV_ROUND_UP(NR_CPUS, RCU_FANOUT_1)
-# define NUM_RCU_LVL_4 (NR_CPUS)
+# define NUM_RCU_NODES (NUM_RCU_LVL_0 + NUM_RCU_LVL_1 + NUM_RCU_LVL_2 + NUM_RCU_LVL_3)
+# define NUM_RCU_LVL_INIT { NUM_RCU_LVL_0, NUM_RCU_LVL_1, NUM_RCU_LVL_2, NUM_RCU_LVL_3 }
+# define RCU_NODE_NAME_INIT { "rcu_node_0", "rcu_node_1", "rcu_node_2", "rcu_node_3" }
+# define RCU_FQS_NAME_INIT { "rcu_node_fqs_0", "rcu_node_fqs_1", "rcu_node_fqs_2", "rcu_node_fqs_3" }
+# define RCU_EXP_NAME_INIT { "rcu_node_exp_0", "rcu_node_exp_1", "rcu_node_exp_2", "rcu_node_exp_3" }
+# define RCU_EXP_SCHED_NAME_INIT \
+ { "rcu_node_exp_sched_0", "rcu_node_exp_sched_1", "rcu_node_exp_sched_2", "rcu_node_exp_sched_3" }
#else
# error "CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT insufficient for NR_CPUS"
#endif /* #if (NR_CPUS) <= RCU_FANOUT_1 */
-#define RCU_SUM (NUM_RCU_LVL_0 + NUM_RCU_LVL_1 + NUM_RCU_LVL_2 + NUM_RCU_LVL_3 + NUM_RCU_LVL_4)
-#define NUM_RCU_NODES (RCU_SUM - NR_CPUS)
-
extern int rcu_num_lvls;
extern int rcu_num_nodes;
@@ -236,6 +250,8 @@ struct rcu_node {
int need_future_gp[2];
/* Counts of upcoming no-CB GP requests. */
raw_spinlock_t fqslock ____cacheline_internodealigned_in_smp;
+
+ struct mutex exp_funnel_mutex ____cacheline_internodealigned_in_smp;
} ____cacheline_internodealigned_in_smp;
/*
@@ -287,12 +303,13 @@ struct rcu_data {
bool gpwrap; /* Possible gpnum/completed wrap. */
struct rcu_node *mynode; /* This CPU's leaf of hierarchy */
unsigned long grpmask; /* Mask to apply to leaf qsmask. */
-#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO
unsigned long ticks_this_gp; /* The number of scheduling-clock */
/* ticks this CPU has handled */
/* during and after the last grace */
/* period it is aware of. */
-#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO */
+ struct cpu_stop_work exp_stop_work;
+ /* Expedited grace-period control */
+ /* for CPU stopping. */
/* 2) batch handling */
/*
@@ -355,11 +372,13 @@ struct rcu_data {
unsigned long n_rp_nocb_defer_wakeup;
unsigned long n_rp_need_nothing;
- /* 6) _rcu_barrier() and OOM callbacks. */
+ /* 6) _rcu_barrier(), OOM callbacks, and expediting. */
struct rcu_head barrier_head;
#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_FAST_NO_HZ
struct rcu_head oom_head;
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_FAST_NO_HZ */
+ struct mutex exp_funnel_mutex;
+ bool exp_done; /* Expedited QS for this CPU? */
/* 7) Callback offloading. */
#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU
@@ -387,9 +406,7 @@ struct rcu_data {
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU */
/* 8) RCU CPU stall data. */
-#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO
unsigned int softirq_snap; /* Snapshot of softirq activity. */
-#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO */
int cpu;
struct rcu_state *rsp;
@@ -442,9 +459,9 @@ do { \
*/
struct rcu_state {
struct rcu_node node[NUM_RCU_NODES]; /* Hierarchy. */
- struct rcu_node *level[RCU_NUM_LVLS]; /* Hierarchy levels. */
- u32 levelcnt[MAX_RCU_LVLS + 1]; /* # nodes in each level. */
- u8 levelspread[RCU_NUM_LVLS]; /* kids/node in each level. */
+ struct rcu_node *level[RCU_NUM_LVLS + 1];
+ /* Hierarchy levels (+1 to */
+ /* shut bogus gcc warning) */
u8 flavor_mask; /* bit in flavor mask. */
struct rcu_data __percpu *rda; /* pointer of percu rcu_data. */
void (*call)(struct rcu_head *head, /* call_rcu() flavor. */
@@ -479,21 +496,18 @@ struct rcu_state {
struct mutex barrier_mutex; /* Guards barrier fields. */
atomic_t barrier_cpu_count; /* # CPUs waiting on. */
struct completion barrier_completion; /* Wake at barrier end. */
- unsigned long n_barrier_done; /* ++ at start and end of */
+ unsigned long barrier_sequence; /* ++ at start and end of */
/* _rcu_barrier(). */
/* End of fields guarded by barrier_mutex. */
- atomic_long_t expedited_start; /* Starting ticket. */
- atomic_long_t expedited_done; /* Done ticket. */
- atomic_long_t expedited_wrap; /* # near-wrap incidents. */
- atomic_long_t expedited_tryfail; /* # acquisition failures. */
+ unsigned long expedited_sequence; /* Take a ticket. */
+ atomic_long_t expedited_workdone0; /* # done by others #0. */
atomic_long_t expedited_workdone1; /* # done by others #1. */
atomic_long_t expedited_workdone2; /* # done by others #2. */
+ atomic_long_t expedited_workdone3; /* # done by others #3. */
atomic_long_t expedited_normal; /* # fallbacks to normal. */
- atomic_long_t expedited_stoppedcpus; /* # successful stop_cpus. */
- atomic_long_t expedited_done_tries; /* # tries to update _done. */
- atomic_long_t expedited_done_lost; /* # times beaten to _done. */
- atomic_long_t expedited_done_exit; /* # times exited _done loop. */
+ atomic_t expedited_need_qs; /* # CPUs left to check in. */
+ wait_queue_head_t expedited_wq; /* Wait for check-ins. */
unsigned long jiffies_force_qs; /* Time at which to invoke */
/* force_quiescent_state(). */
@@ -527,7 +541,11 @@ struct rcu_state {
/* Values for rcu_state structure's gp_flags field. */
#define RCU_GP_WAIT_INIT 0 /* Initial state. */
#define RCU_GP_WAIT_GPS 1 /* Wait for grace-period start. */
-#define RCU_GP_WAIT_FQS 2 /* Wait for force-quiescent-state time. */
+#define RCU_GP_DONE_GPS 2 /* Wait done for grace-period start. */
+#define RCU_GP_WAIT_FQS 3 /* Wait for force-quiescent-state time. */
+#define RCU_GP_DOING_FQS 4 /* Wait done for force-quiescent-state time. */
+#define RCU_GP_CLEANUP 5 /* Grace-period cleanup started. */
+#define RCU_GP_CLEANED 6 /* Grace-period cleanup complete. */
extern struct list_head rcu_struct_flavors;
@@ -635,3 +653,15 @@ static inline void rcu_nocb_q_lengths(struct rcu_data *rdp, long *ql, long *qll)
#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU */
}
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_TRACE */
+
+/*
+ * Place this after a lock-acquisition primitive to guarantee that
+ * an UNLOCK+LOCK pair act as a full barrier. This guarantee applies
+ * if the UNLOCK and LOCK are executed by the same CPU or if the
+ * UNLOCK and LOCK operate on the same lock variable.
+ */
+#ifdef CONFIG_PPC
+#define smp_mb__after_unlock_lock() smp_mb() /* Full ordering for lock. */
+#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_PPC */
+#define smp_mb__after_unlock_lock() do { } while (0)
+#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_PPC */
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h b/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h
index 013485f..b2bf396 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree_plugin.h
@@ -82,10 +82,8 @@ static void __init rcu_bootup_announce_oddness(void)
pr_info("\tRCU lockdep checking is enabled.\n");
if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_RCU_TORTURE_TEST_RUNNABLE))
pr_info("\tRCU torture testing starts during boot.\n");
- if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO))
- pr_info("\tAdditional per-CPU info printed with stalls.\n");
- if (NUM_RCU_LVL_4 != 0)
- pr_info("\tFour-level hierarchy is enabled.\n");
+ if (RCU_NUM_LVLS >= 4)
+ pr_info("\tFour(or more)-level hierarchy is enabled.\n");
if (RCU_FANOUT_LEAF != 16)
pr_info("\tBuild-time adjustment of leaf fanout to %d.\n",
RCU_FANOUT_LEAF);
@@ -418,8 +416,6 @@ static void rcu_print_detail_task_stall(struct rcu_state *rsp)
rcu_print_detail_task_stall_rnp(rnp);
}
-#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO
-
static void rcu_print_task_stall_begin(struct rcu_node *rnp)
{
pr_err("\tTasks blocked on level-%d rcu_node (CPUs %d-%d):",
@@ -431,18 +427,6 @@ static void rcu_print_task_stall_end(void)
pr_cont("\n");
}
-#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO */
-
-static void rcu_print_task_stall_begin(struct rcu_node *rnp)
-{
-}
-
-static void rcu_print_task_stall_end(void)
-{
-}
-
-#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO */
-
/*
* Scan the current list of tasks blocked within RCU read-side critical
* sections, printing out the tid of each.
@@ -538,10 +522,10 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(call_rcu);
*/
void synchronize_rcu(void)
{
- rcu_lockdep_assert(!lock_is_held(&rcu_bh_lock_map) &&
- !lock_is_held(&rcu_lock_map) &&
- !lock_is_held(&rcu_sched_lock_map),
- "Illegal synchronize_rcu() in RCU read-side critical section");
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(lock_is_held(&rcu_bh_lock_map) ||
+ lock_is_held(&rcu_lock_map) ||
+ lock_is_held(&rcu_sched_lock_map),
+ "Illegal synchronize_rcu() in RCU read-side critical section");
if (!rcu_scheduler_active)
return;
if (rcu_gp_is_expedited())
@@ -552,8 +536,6 @@ void synchronize_rcu(void)
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(synchronize_rcu);
static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(sync_rcu_preempt_exp_wq);
-static unsigned long sync_rcu_preempt_exp_count;
-static DEFINE_MUTEX(sync_rcu_preempt_exp_mutex);
/*
* Return non-zero if there are any tasks in RCU read-side critical
@@ -573,7 +555,7 @@ static int rcu_preempted_readers_exp(struct rcu_node *rnp)
* for the current expedited grace period. Works only for preemptible
* RCU -- other RCU implementation use other means.
*
- * Caller must hold sync_rcu_preempt_exp_mutex.
+ * Caller must hold the root rcu_node's exp_funnel_mutex.
*/
static int sync_rcu_preempt_exp_done(struct rcu_node *rnp)
{
@@ -589,7 +571,7 @@ static int sync_rcu_preempt_exp_done(struct rcu_node *rnp)
* recursively up the tree. (Calm down, calm down, we do the recursion
* iteratively!)
*
- * Caller must hold sync_rcu_preempt_exp_mutex.
+ * Caller must hold the root rcu_node's exp_funnel_mutex.
*/
static void rcu_report_exp_rnp(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_node *rnp,
bool wake)
@@ -628,7 +610,7 @@ static void rcu_report_exp_rnp(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_node *rnp,
* set the ->expmask bits on the leaf rcu_node structures to tell phase 2
* that work is needed here.
*
- * Caller must hold sync_rcu_preempt_exp_mutex.
+ * Caller must hold the root rcu_node's exp_funnel_mutex.
*/
static void
sync_rcu_preempt_exp_init1(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_node *rnp)
@@ -671,7 +653,7 @@ sync_rcu_preempt_exp_init1(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_node *rnp)
* invoke rcu_report_exp_rnp() to clear out the upper-level ->expmask bits,
* enabling rcu_read_unlock_special() to do the bit-clearing.
*
- * Caller must hold sync_rcu_preempt_exp_mutex.
+ * Caller must hold the root rcu_node's exp_funnel_mutex.
*/
static void
sync_rcu_preempt_exp_init2(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_node *rnp)
@@ -719,51 +701,17 @@ sync_rcu_preempt_exp_init2(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_node *rnp)
void synchronize_rcu_expedited(void)
{
struct rcu_node *rnp;
+ struct rcu_node *rnp_unlock;
struct rcu_state *rsp = rcu_state_p;
- unsigned long snap;
- int trycount = 0;
+ unsigned long s;
- smp_mb(); /* Caller's modifications seen first by other CPUs. */
- snap = READ_ONCE(sync_rcu_preempt_exp_count) + 1;
- smp_mb(); /* Above access cannot bleed into critical section. */
+ s = rcu_exp_gp_seq_snap(rsp);
- /*
- * Block CPU-hotplug operations. This means that any CPU-hotplug
- * operation that finds an rcu_node structure with tasks in the
- * process of being boosted will know that all tasks blocking
- * this expedited grace period will already be in the process of
- * being boosted. This simplifies the process of moving tasks
- * from leaf to root rcu_node structures.
- */
- if (!try_get_online_cpus()) {
- /* CPU-hotplug operation in flight, fall back to normal GP. */
- wait_rcu_gp(call_rcu);
- return;
- }
+ rnp_unlock = exp_funnel_lock(rsp, s);
+ if (rnp_unlock == NULL)
+ return; /* Someone else did our work for us. */
- /*
- * Acquire lock, falling back to synchronize_rcu() if too many
- * lock-acquisition failures. Of course, if someone does the
- * expedited grace period for us, just leave.
- */
- while (!mutex_trylock(&sync_rcu_preempt_exp_mutex)) {
- if (ULONG_CMP_LT(snap,
- READ_ONCE(sync_rcu_preempt_exp_count))) {
- put_online_cpus();
- goto mb_ret; /* Others did our work for us. */
- }
- if (trycount++ < 10) {
- udelay(trycount * num_online_cpus());
- } else {
- put_online_cpus();
- wait_rcu_gp(call_rcu);
- return;
- }
- }
- if (ULONG_CMP_LT(snap, READ_ONCE(sync_rcu_preempt_exp_count))) {
- put_online_cpus();
- goto unlock_mb_ret; /* Others did our work for us. */
- }
+ rcu_exp_gp_seq_start(rsp);
/* force all RCU readers onto ->blkd_tasks lists. */
synchronize_sched_expedited();
@@ -779,20 +727,14 @@ void synchronize_rcu_expedited(void)
rcu_for_each_leaf_node(rsp, rnp)
sync_rcu_preempt_exp_init2(rsp, rnp);
- put_online_cpus();
-
/* Wait for snapshotted ->blkd_tasks lists to drain. */
rnp = rcu_get_root(rsp);
wait_event(sync_rcu_preempt_exp_wq,
sync_rcu_preempt_exp_done(rnp));
/* Clean up and exit. */
- smp_mb(); /* ensure expedited GP seen before counter increment. */
- WRITE_ONCE(sync_rcu_preempt_exp_count, sync_rcu_preempt_exp_count + 1);
-unlock_mb_ret:
- mutex_unlock(&sync_rcu_preempt_exp_mutex);
-mb_ret:
- smp_mb(); /* ensure subsequent action seen after grace period. */
+ rcu_exp_gp_seq_end(rsp);
+ mutex_unlock(&rnp_unlock->exp_funnel_mutex);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(synchronize_rcu_expedited);
@@ -1061,8 +1003,7 @@ static int rcu_boost(struct rcu_node *rnp)
}
/*
- * Priority-boosting kthread. One per leaf rcu_node and one for the
- * root rcu_node.
+ * Priority-boosting kthread, one per leaf rcu_node.
*/
static int rcu_boost_kthread(void *arg)
{
@@ -1680,12 +1621,10 @@ static int rcu_oom_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
*/
atomic_set(&oom_callback_count, 1);
- get_online_cpus();
for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
smp_call_function_single(cpu, rcu_oom_notify_cpu, NULL, 1);
cond_resched_rcu_qs();
}
- put_online_cpus();
/* Unconditionally decrement: no need to wake ourselves up. */
atomic_dec(&oom_callback_count);
@@ -1706,8 +1645,6 @@ early_initcall(rcu_register_oom_notifier);
#endif /* #else #if !defined(CONFIG_RCU_FAST_NO_HZ) */
-#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO
-
#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_FAST_NO_HZ
static void print_cpu_stall_fast_no_hz(char *cp, int cpu)
@@ -1796,33 +1733,6 @@ static void increment_cpu_stall_ticks(void)
raw_cpu_inc(rsp->rda->ticks_this_gp);
}
-#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO */
-
-static void print_cpu_stall_info_begin(void)
-{
- pr_cont(" {");
-}
-
-static void print_cpu_stall_info(struct rcu_state *rsp, int cpu)
-{
- pr_cont(" %d", cpu);
-}
-
-static void print_cpu_stall_info_end(void)
-{
- pr_cont("} ");
-}
-
-static void zero_cpu_stall_ticks(struct rcu_data *rdp)
-{
-}
-
-static void increment_cpu_stall_ticks(void)
-{
-}
-
-#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO */
-
#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU
/*
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree_trace.c b/kernel/rcu/tree_trace.c
index 3ea7ffc..6fc4c5f 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree_trace.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree_trace.c
@@ -81,9 +81,9 @@ static void r_stop(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
static int show_rcubarrier(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
{
struct rcu_state *rsp = (struct rcu_state *)m->private;
- seq_printf(m, "bcc: %d nbd: %lu\n",
+ seq_printf(m, "bcc: %d bseq: %lu\n",
atomic_read(&rsp->barrier_cpu_count),
- rsp->n_barrier_done);
+ rsp->barrier_sequence);
return 0;
}
@@ -185,18 +185,15 @@ static int show_rcuexp(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
{
struct rcu_state *rsp = (struct rcu_state *)m->private;
- seq_printf(m, "s=%lu d=%lu w=%lu tf=%lu wd1=%lu wd2=%lu n=%lu sc=%lu dt=%lu dl=%lu dx=%lu\n",
- atomic_long_read(&rsp->expedited_start),
- atomic_long_read(&rsp->expedited_done),
- atomic_long_read(&rsp->expedited_wrap),
- atomic_long_read(&rsp->expedited_tryfail),
+ seq_printf(m, "s=%lu wd0=%lu wd1=%lu wd2=%lu wd3=%lu n=%lu enq=%d sc=%lu\n",
+ rsp->expedited_sequence,
+ atomic_long_read(&rsp->expedited_workdone0),
atomic_long_read(&rsp->expedited_workdone1),
atomic_long_read(&rsp->expedited_workdone2),
+ atomic_long_read(&rsp->expedited_workdone3),
atomic_long_read(&rsp->expedited_normal),
- atomic_long_read(&rsp->expedited_stoppedcpus),
- atomic_long_read(&rsp->expedited_done_tries),
- atomic_long_read(&rsp->expedited_done_lost),
- atomic_long_read(&rsp->expedited_done_exit));
+ atomic_read(&rsp->expedited_need_qs),
+ rsp->expedited_sequence / 2);
return 0;
}
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/update.c b/kernel/rcu/update.c
index afaecb7..7a0b3bc 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/update.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/update.c
@@ -62,6 +62,55 @@ MODULE_ALIAS("rcupdate");
module_param(rcu_expedited, int, 0);
+#if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC) && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT_COUNT)
+/**
+ * rcu_read_lock_sched_held() - might we be in RCU-sched read-side critical section?
+ *
+ * If CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC is selected, returns nonzero iff in an
+ * RCU-sched read-side critical section. In absence of
+ * CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC, this assumes we are in an RCU-sched read-side
+ * critical section unless it can prove otherwise. Note that disabling
+ * of preemption (including disabling irqs) counts as an RCU-sched
+ * read-side critical section. This is useful for debug checks in functions
+ * that required that they be called within an RCU-sched read-side
+ * critical section.
+ *
+ * Check debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled() to prevent false positives during boot
+ * and while lockdep is disabled.
+ *
+ * Note that if the CPU is in the idle loop from an RCU point of
+ * view (ie: that we are in the section between rcu_idle_enter() and
+ * rcu_idle_exit()) then rcu_read_lock_held() returns false even if the CPU
+ * did an rcu_read_lock(). The reason for this is that RCU ignores CPUs
+ * that are in such a section, considering these as in extended quiescent
+ * state, so such a CPU is effectively never in an RCU read-side critical
+ * section regardless of what RCU primitives it invokes. This state of
+ * affairs is required --- we need to keep an RCU-free window in idle
+ * where the CPU may possibly enter into low power mode. This way we can
+ * notice an extended quiescent state to other CPUs that started a grace
+ * period. Otherwise we would delay any grace period as long as we run in
+ * the idle task.
+ *
+ * Similarly, we avoid claiming an SRCU read lock held if the current
+ * CPU is offline.
+ */
+int rcu_read_lock_sched_held(void)
+{
+ int lockdep_opinion = 0;
+
+ if (!debug_lockdep_rcu_enabled())
+ return 1;
+ if (!rcu_is_watching())
+ return 0;
+ if (!rcu_lockdep_current_cpu_online())
+ return 0;
+ if (debug_locks)
+ lockdep_opinion = lock_is_held(&rcu_sched_lock_map);
+ return lockdep_opinion || preempt_count() != 0 || irqs_disabled();
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(rcu_read_lock_sched_held);
+#endif
+
#ifndef CONFIG_TINY_RCU
static atomic_t rcu_expedited_nesting =
@@ -269,20 +318,37 @@ void wakeme_after_rcu(struct rcu_head *head)
rcu = container_of(head, struct rcu_synchronize, head);
complete(&rcu->completion);
}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(wakeme_after_rcu);
-void wait_rcu_gp(call_rcu_func_t crf)
+void __wait_rcu_gp(bool checktiny, int n, call_rcu_func_t *crcu_array,
+ struct rcu_synchronize *rs_array)
{
- struct rcu_synchronize rcu;
+ int i;
- init_rcu_head_on_stack(&rcu.head);
- init_completion(&rcu.completion);
- /* Will wake me after RCU finished. */
- crf(&rcu.head, wakeme_after_rcu);
- /* Wait for it. */
- wait_for_completion(&rcu.completion);
- destroy_rcu_head_on_stack(&rcu.head);
+ /* Initialize and register callbacks for each flavor specified. */
+ for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
+ if (checktiny &&
+ (crcu_array[i] == call_rcu ||
+ crcu_array[i] == call_rcu_bh)) {
+ might_sleep();
+ continue;
+ }
+ init_rcu_head_on_stack(&rs_array[i].head);
+ init_completion(&rs_array[i].completion);
+ (crcu_array[i])(&rs_array[i].head, wakeme_after_rcu);
+ }
+
+ /* Wait for all callbacks to be invoked. */
+ for (i = 0; i < n; i++) {
+ if (checktiny &&
+ (crcu_array[i] == call_rcu ||
+ crcu_array[i] == call_rcu_bh))
+ continue;
+ wait_for_completion(&rs_array[i].completion);
+ destroy_rcu_head_on_stack(&rs_array[i].head);
+ }
}
-EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(wait_rcu_gp);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(__wait_rcu_gp);
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD
void init_rcu_head(struct rcu_head *head)
@@ -523,8 +589,8 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(call_rcu_tasks);
void synchronize_rcu_tasks(void)
{
/* Complain if the scheduler has not started. */
- rcu_lockdep_assert(!rcu_scheduler_active,
- "synchronize_rcu_tasks called too soon");
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_scheduler_active,
+ "synchronize_rcu_tasks called too soon");
/* Wait for the grace period. */
wait_rcu_gp(call_rcu_tasks);
diff --git a/kernel/sched/core.c b/kernel/sched/core.c
index 78b4bad10..5e73c79 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/core.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/core.c
@@ -2200,8 +2200,8 @@ unsigned long to_ratio(u64 period, u64 runtime)
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
inline struct dl_bw *dl_bw_of(int i)
{
- rcu_lockdep_assert(rcu_read_lock_sched_held(),
- "sched RCU must be held");
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_read_lock_sched_held(),
+ "sched RCU must be held");
return &cpu_rq(i)->rd->dl_bw;
}
@@ -2210,8 +2210,8 @@ static inline int dl_bw_cpus(int i)
struct root_domain *rd = cpu_rq(i)->rd;
int cpus = 0;
- rcu_lockdep_assert(rcu_read_lock_sched_held(),
- "sched RCU must be held");
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_read_lock_sched_held(),
+ "sched RCU must be held");
for_each_cpu_and(i, rd->span, cpu_active_mask)
cpus++;
diff --git a/kernel/time/Kconfig b/kernel/time/Kconfig
index 579ce1b..4008d9f 100644
--- a/kernel/time/Kconfig
+++ b/kernel/time/Kconfig
@@ -92,12 +92,10 @@ config NO_HZ_FULL
depends on !ARCH_USES_GETTIMEOFFSET && GENERIC_CLOCKEVENTS
# We need at least one periodic CPU for timekeeping
depends on SMP
- # RCU_USER_QS dependency
depends on HAVE_CONTEXT_TRACKING
# VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN dependency
depends on HAVE_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN
select NO_HZ_COMMON
- select RCU_USER_QS
select RCU_NOCB_CPU
select VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN
select IRQ_WORK
diff --git a/kernel/workqueue.c b/kernel/workqueue.c
index 4c4f061..cb91c63 100644
--- a/kernel/workqueue.c
+++ b/kernel/workqueue.c
@@ -338,20 +338,20 @@ static void workqueue_sysfs_unregister(struct workqueue_struct *wq);
#include <trace/events/workqueue.h>
#define assert_rcu_or_pool_mutex() \
- rcu_lockdep_assert(rcu_read_lock_sched_held() || \
- lockdep_is_held(&wq_pool_mutex), \
- "sched RCU or wq_pool_mutex should be held")
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_read_lock_sched_held() && \
+ !lockdep_is_held(&wq_pool_mutex), \
+ "sched RCU or wq_pool_mutex should be held")
#define assert_rcu_or_wq_mutex(wq) \
- rcu_lockdep_assert(rcu_read_lock_sched_held() || \
- lockdep_is_held(&wq->mutex), \
- "sched RCU or wq->mutex should be held")
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_read_lock_sched_held() && \
+ !lockdep_is_held(&wq->mutex), \
+ "sched RCU or wq->mutex should be held")
#define assert_rcu_or_wq_mutex_or_pool_mutex(wq) \
- rcu_lockdep_assert(rcu_read_lock_sched_held() || \
- lockdep_is_held(&wq->mutex) || \
- lockdep_is_held(&wq_pool_mutex), \
- "sched RCU, wq->mutex or wq_pool_mutex should be held")
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_read_lock_sched_held() && \
+ !lockdep_is_held(&wq->mutex) && \
+ !lockdep_is_held(&wq_pool_mutex), \
+ "sched RCU, wq->mutex or wq_pool_mutex should be held")
#define for_each_cpu_worker_pool(pool, cpu) \
for ((pool) = &per_cpu(cpu_worker_pools, cpu)[0]; \
diff --git a/lib/Kconfig.debug b/lib/Kconfig.debug
index e2894b2..3e0b662 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig.debug
+++ b/lib/Kconfig.debug
@@ -1353,20 +1353,6 @@ config RCU_CPU_STALL_TIMEOUT
RCU grace period persists, additional CPU stall warnings are
printed at more widely spaced intervals.
-config RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO
- bool "Print additional diagnostics on RCU CPU stall"
- depends on (TREE_RCU || PREEMPT_RCU) && DEBUG_KERNEL
- default y
- help
- For each stalled CPU that is aware of the current RCU grace
- period, print out additional per-CPU diagnostic information
- regarding scheduling-clock ticks, idle state, and,
- for RCU_FAST_NO_HZ kernels, idle-entry state.
-
- Say N if you are unsure.
-
- Say Y if you want to enable such diagnostics.
-
config RCU_TRACE
bool "Enable tracing for RCU"
depends on DEBUG_KERNEL
@@ -1379,7 +1365,7 @@ config RCU_TRACE
Say N if you are unsure.
config RCU_EQS_DEBUG
- bool "Use this when adding any sort of NO_HZ support to your arch"
+ bool "Provide debugging asserts for adding NO_HZ support to an arch"
depends on DEBUG_KERNEL
help
This option provides consistency checks in RCU's handling of
diff --git a/scripts/checkpatch.pl b/scripts/checkpatch.pl
index d5c8e9a..a51ca0e 100755
--- a/scripts/checkpatch.pl
+++ b/scripts/checkpatch.pl
@@ -5011,6 +5011,7 @@ sub process {
"memory barrier without comment\n" . $herecurr);
}
}
+
# check for waitqueue_active without a comment.
if ($line =~ /\bwaitqueue_active\s*\(/) {
if (!ctx_has_comment($first_line, $linenr)) {
@@ -5018,6 +5019,24 @@ sub process {
"waitqueue_active without comment\n" . $herecurr);
}
}
+
+# Check for expedited grace periods that interrupt non-idle non-nohz
+# online CPUs. These expedited can therefore degrade real-time response
+# if used carelessly, and should be avoided where not absolutely
+# needed. It is always OK to use synchronize_rcu_expedited() and
+# synchronize_sched_expedited() at boot time (before real-time applications
+# start) and in error situations where real-time response is compromised in
+# any case. Note that synchronize_srcu_expedited() does -not- interrupt
+# other CPUs, so don't warn on uses of synchronize_srcu_expedited().
+# Of course, nothing comes for free, and srcu_read_lock() and
+# srcu_read_unlock() do contain full memory barriers in payment for
+# synchronize_srcu_expedited() non-interruption properties.
+ if ($line =~ /\b(synchronize_rcu_expedited|synchronize_sched_expedited)\(/) {
+ WARN("EXPEDITED_RCU_GRACE_PERIOD",
+ "expedited RCU grace periods should be avoided where they can degrade real-time response\n" . $herecurr);
+
+ }
+
# check of hardware specific defines
if ($line =~ m@^.\s*\#\s*if.*\b(__i386__|__powerpc64__|__sun__|__s390x__)\b@ && $realfile !~ m@include/asm-@) {
CHK("ARCH_DEFINES",
diff --git a/security/device_cgroup.c b/security/device_cgroup.c
index 188c1d2..73455089 100644
--- a/security/device_cgroup.c
+++ b/security/device_cgroup.c
@@ -400,9 +400,9 @@ static bool verify_new_ex(struct dev_cgroup *dev_cgroup,
{
bool match = false;
- rcu_lockdep_assert(rcu_read_lock_held() ||
- lockdep_is_held(&devcgroup_mutex),
- "device_cgroup:verify_new_ex called without proper synchronization");
+ RCU_LOCKDEP_WARN(!rcu_read_lock_held() &&
+ lockdep_is_held(&devcgroup_mutex),
+ "device_cgroup:verify_new_ex called without proper synchronization");
if (dev_cgroup->behavior == DEVCG_DEFAULT_ALLOW) {
if (behavior == DEVCG_DEFAULT_ALLOW) {
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TASKS01 b/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TASKS01
index 2cc0e60..bafe94c 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TASKS01
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TASKS01
@@ -5,6 +5,6 @@ CONFIG_PREEMPT_NONE=n
CONFIG_PREEMPT_VOLUNTARY=n
CONFIG_PREEMPT=y
CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC=y
-CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING=n
-#CHECK#CONFIG_PROVE_RCU=n
+CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING=y
+#CHECK#CONFIG_PROVE_RCU=y
CONFIG_RCU_EXPERT=y
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE01 b/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE01
index 8e9137f..f572b87 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE01
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE01
@@ -13,7 +13,6 @@ CONFIG_MAXSMP=y
CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU=y
CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU_ZERO=y
CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC=n
-CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO=n
CONFIG_RCU_BOOST=n
CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD=n
CONFIG_RCU_EXPERT=y
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE02 b/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE02
index aeea6a2..ef6a22c 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE02
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE02
@@ -17,7 +17,6 @@ CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT_LEAF=3
CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU=n
CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC=y
CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING=n
-CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO=n
CONFIG_RCU_BOOST=n
CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD=n
CONFIG_RCU_EXPERT=y
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE02-T b/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE02-T
index 2ac9e68..917d251 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE02-T
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE02-T
@@ -17,6 +17,5 @@ CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT_LEAF=3
CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU=n
CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC=y
CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING=n
-CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO=n
CONFIG_RCU_BOOST=n
CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD=n
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE03 b/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE03
index 72aa7d8..7a17c50 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE03
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE03
@@ -13,7 +13,6 @@ CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT=2
CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT_LEAF=2
CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU=n
CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC=n
-CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO=n
CONFIG_RCU_BOOST=y
CONFIG_RCU_KTHREAD_PRIO=2
CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD=n
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE04 b/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE04
index 3f51127..39a2c6d 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE04
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE04
@@ -17,6 +17,5 @@ CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT=4
CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT_LEAF=4
CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU=n
CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC=n
-CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO=n
CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD=n
CONFIG_RCU_EXPERT=y
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE05 b/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE05
index c04dfea..1257d32 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE05
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE05
@@ -17,6 +17,5 @@ CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU_NONE=y
CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC=y
CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING=y
#CHECK#CONFIG_PROVE_RCU=y
-CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO=n
CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD=n
CONFIG_RCU_EXPERT=y
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE06 b/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE06
index f51d2c7..d3e456b 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE06
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE06
@@ -18,6 +18,5 @@ CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU=n
CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC=y
CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING=y
#CHECK#CONFIG_PROVE_RCU=y
-CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO=n
CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD=y
CONFIG_RCU_EXPERT=y
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE07 b/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE07
index f422af4..3956b41 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE07
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE07
@@ -17,6 +17,5 @@ CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT=2
CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT_LEAF=2
CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU=n
CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC=n
-CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO=n
CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD=n
CONFIG_RCU_EXPERT=y
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE08 b/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE08
index a24d2ca..bb9b0c1 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE08
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE08
@@ -19,7 +19,6 @@ CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU_ALL=y
CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC=n
CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING=y
#CHECK#CONFIG_PROVE_RCU=y
-CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO=n
CONFIG_RCU_BOOST=n
CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD=n
CONFIG_RCU_EXPERT=y
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE08-T b/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE08-T
index b2b8cea..2ad13f0 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE08-T
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE08-T
@@ -17,6 +17,5 @@ CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT_LEAF=2
CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU=y
CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU_ALL=y
CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC=n
-CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO=n
CONFIG_RCU_BOOST=n
CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD=n
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE09 b/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE09
index aa4ed08..6710e74 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE09
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/configs/rcu/TREE09
@@ -13,7 +13,6 @@ CONFIG_SUSPEND=n
CONFIG_HIBERNATION=n
CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU=n
CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC=n
-CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO=n
CONFIG_RCU_BOOST=n
CONFIG_DEBUG_OBJECTS_RCU_HEAD=n
#CHECK#CONFIG_RCU_EXPERT=n
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/doc/TREE_RCU-kconfig.txt b/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/doc/TREE_RCU-kconfig.txt
index b24c000..657f3a0 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/doc/TREE_RCU-kconfig.txt
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/rcutorture/doc/TREE_RCU-kconfig.txt
@@ -16,7 +16,6 @@ CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING -- Do several, covering CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC=y and not.
CONFIG_PROVE_RCU -- Hardwired to CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING.
CONFIG_RCU_BOOST -- one of PREEMPT_RCU.
CONFIG_RCU_KTHREAD_PRIO -- set to 2 for _BOOST testing.
-CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_INFO -- Now default, avoid at least twice.
CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT -- Cover hierarchy, but overlap with others.
CONFIG_RCU_FANOUT_LEAF -- Do one non-default.
CONFIG_RCU_FAST_NO_HZ -- Do one, but not with CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU_ALL.

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