path: root/fs/inode.c
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2015-08-18inode: don't softlockup when evicting inodesJosef Bacik1-0/+14
On a box with a lot of ram (148gb) I can make the box softlockup after running an fs_mark job that creates hundreds of millions of empty files. This is because we never generate enough memory pressure to keep the number of inodes on our unused list low, so when we go to unmount we have to evict ~100 million inodes. This makes one processor a very unhappy person, so add a cond_resched() in dispose_list() and if we need a resched when processing the s_inodes list do that and run dispose_list() on what we've currently culled. Thanks, Signed-off-by: Josef Bacik <jbacik@fb.com> Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
2015-08-17inode: rename i_wb_list to i_io_listDave Chinner1-4/+4
There's a small consistency problem between the inode and writeback naming. Writeback calls the "for IO" inode queues b_io and b_more_io, but the inode calls these the "writeback list" or i_wb_list. This makes it hard to an new "under writeback" list to the inode, or call it an "under IO" list on the bdi because either way we'll have writeback on IO and IO on writeback and it'll just be confusing. I'm getting confused just writing this! So, rename the inode "for IO" list variable to i_io_list so we can add a new "writeback list" in a subsequent patch. Signed-off-by: Dave Chinner <dchinner@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Josef Bacik <jbacik@fb.com> Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Tested-by: Dave Chinner <dchinner@redhat.com>
2015-08-17inode: convert inode_sb_list_lock to per-sbDave Chinner1-15/+13
The process of reducing contention on per-superblock inode lists starts with moving the locking to match the per-superblock inode list. This takes the global lock out of the picture and reduces the contention problems to within a single filesystem. This doesn't get rid of contention as the locks still have global CPU scope, but it does isolate operations on different superblocks form each other. Signed-off-by: Dave Chinner <dchinner@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Josef Bacik <jbacik@fb.com> Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Tested-by: Dave Chinner <dchinner@redhat.com>
2015-07-04Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-20/+46
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs Pull more vfs updates from Al Viro: "Assorted VFS fixes and related cleanups (IMO the most interesting in that part are f_path-related things and Eric's descriptor-related stuff). UFS regression fixes (it got broken last cycle). 9P fixes. fs-cache series, DAX patches, Jan's file_remove_suid() work" [ I'd say this is much more than "fixes and related cleanups". The file_table locking rule change by Eric Dumazet is a rather big and fundamental update even if the patch isn't huge. - Linus ] * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs: (49 commits) 9p: cope with bogus responses from server in p9_client_{read,write} p9_client_write(): avoid double p9_free_req() 9p: forgetting to cancel request on interrupted zero-copy RPC dax: bdev_direct_access() may sleep block: Add support for DAX reads/writes to block devices dax: Use copy_from_iter_nocache dax: Add block size note to documentation fs/file.c: __fget() and dup2() atomicity rules fs/file.c: don't acquire files->file_lock in fd_install() fs:super:get_anon_bdev: fix race condition could cause dev exceed its upper limitation vfs: avoid creation of inode number 0 in get_next_ino namei: make set_root_rcu() return void make simple_positive() public ufs: use dir_pages instead of ufs_dir_pages() pagemap.h: move dir_pages() over there remove the pointless include of lglock.h fs: cleanup slight list_entry abuse xfs: Correctly lock inode when removing suid and file capabilities fs: Call security_ops->inode_killpriv on truncate fs: Provide function telling whether file_remove_privs() will do anything ...
2015-06-30vfs: avoid creation of inode number 0 in get_next_inoCarlos Maiolino1-1/+5
currently, get_next_ino() is able to create inodes with inode number = 0. This have a bad impact in the filesystems relying in this function to generate inode numbers. While there is no problem at all in having inodes with number 0, userspace tools which handle file management tasks can have problems handling these files, like for example, the impossiblity of users to delete these files, since glibc will ignore them. So, I believe the best way is kernel to avoid creating them. This problem has been raised previously, but the old thread didn't have any other update for a year+, and I've seen too many users hitting the same issue regarding the impossibility to delete files while using filesystems relying on this function. So, I'm starting the thread again, with the same patch that I believe is enough to address this problem. Signed-off-by: Carlos Maiolino <cmaiolino@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2015-06-25Merge branch 'for-4.2/writeback' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-blockLinus Torvalds1-0/+1
Pull cgroup writeback support from Jens Axboe: "This is the big pull request for adding cgroup writeback support. This code has been in development for a long time, and it has been simmering in for-next for a good chunk of this cycle too. This is one of those problems that has been talked about for at least half a decade, finally there's a solution and code to go with it. Also see last weeks writeup on LWN: http://lwn.net/Articles/648292/" * 'for-4.2/writeback' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-block: (85 commits) writeback, blkio: add documentation for cgroup writeback support vfs, writeback: replace FS_CGROUP_WRITEBACK with SB_I_CGROUPWB writeback: do foreign inode detection iff cgroup writeback is enabled v9fs: fix error handling in v9fs_session_init() bdi: fix wrong error return value in cgwb_create() buffer: remove unusued 'ret' variable writeback: disassociate inodes from dying bdi_writebacks writeback: implement foreign cgroup inode bdi_writeback switching writeback: add lockdep annotation to inode_to_wb() writeback: use unlocked_inode_to_wb transaction in inode_congested() writeback: implement unlocked_inode_to_wb transaction and use it for stat updates writeback: implement [locked_]inode_to_wb_and_lock_list() writeback: implement foreign cgroup inode detection writeback: make writeback_control track the inode being written back writeback: relocate wb[_try]_get(), wb_put(), inode_{attach|detach}_wb() mm: vmscan: disable memcg direct reclaim stalling if cgroup writeback support is in use writeback: implement memcg writeback domain based throttling writeback: reset wb_domain->dirty_limit[_tstmp] when memcg domain size changes writeback: implement memcg wb_domain writeback: update wb_over_bg_thresh() to use wb_domain aware operations ...
2015-06-23fs: Call security_ops->inode_killpriv on truncateJan Kara1-3/+2
Comment in include/linux/security.h says that ->inode_killpriv() should be called when setuid bit is being removed and that similar security labels (in fact this applies only to file capabilities) should be removed at this time as well. However we don't call ->inode_killpriv() when we remove suid bit on truncate. We fix the problem by calling ->inode_need_killpriv() and subsequently ->inode_killpriv() on truncate the same way as we do it on file write. After this patch there's only one user of should_remove_suid() - ocfs2 - and indeed it's buggy because it doesn't call ->inode_killpriv() on write. However fixing it is difficult because of special locking constraints. Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2015-06-23fs: Provide function telling whether file_remove_privs() will do anythingJan Kara1-12/+32
Provide function telling whether file_remove_privs() will do anything. Currently we only have should_remove_suid() and that does something slightly different. Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2015-06-23fs: Rename file_remove_suid() to file_remove_privs()Jan Kara1-5/+8
file_remove_suid() is a misnomer since it removes also file capabilities stored in xattrs and sets S_NOSEC flag. Also should_remove_suid() tells something else than whether file_remove_suid() call is necessary which leads to bugs. Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2015-06-23fs: Fix S_NOSEC handlingJan Kara1-2/+2
file_remove_suid() could mistakenly set S_NOSEC inode bit when root was modifying the file. As a result following writes to the file by ordinary user would avoid clearing suid or sgid bits. Fix the bug by checking actual mode bits before setting S_NOSEC. CC: stable@vger.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2015-06-02writeback: make backing_dev_info host cgroup-specific bdi_writebacksTejun Heo1-0/+1
For the planned cgroup writeback support, on each bdi (backing_dev_info), each memcg will be served by a separate wb (bdi_writeback). This patch updates bdi so that a bdi can host multiple wbs (bdi_writebacks). On the default hierarchy, blkcg implicitly enables memcg. This allows using memcg's page ownership for attributing writeback IOs, and every memcg - blkcg combination can be served by its own wb by assigning a dedicated wb to each memcg. This means that there may be multiple wb's of a bdi mapped to the same blkcg. As congested state is per blkcg - bdi combination, those wb's should share the same congested state. This is achieved by tracking congested state via bdi_writeback_congested structs which are keyed by blkcg. bdi->wb remains unchanged and will keep serving the root cgroup. cgwb's (cgroup wb's) for non-root cgroups are created on-demand or looked up while dirtying an inode according to the memcg of the page being dirtied or current task. Each cgwb is indexed on bdi->cgwb_tree by its memcg id. Once an inode is associated with its wb, it can be retrieved using inode_to_wb(). Currently, none of the filesystems has FS_CGROUP_WRITEBACK and all pages will keep being associated with bdi->wb. v3: inode_attach_wb() in account_page_dirtied() moved inside mapping_cap_account_dirty() block where it's known to be !NULL. Also, an unnecessary NULL check before kfree() removed. Both detected by the kbuild bot. v2: Updated so that wb association is per inode and wb is per memcg rather than blkcg. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: kbuild test robot <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Cc: Dan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@oracle.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@fb.com>
2015-05-15VFS/namei: make the use of touch_atime() in get_link() RCU-safe.NeilBrown1-9/+21
touch_atime is not RCU-safe, and so cannot be called on an RCU walk. However, in situations where RCU-walk makes a difference, the symlink will likely to accessed much more often than it is useful to update the atime. So split out the test of "Does the atime actually need to be updated" into atime_needs_update(), and have get_link() unlazy if it finds that it will need to do that update. Signed-off-by: NeilBrown <neilb@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2015-05-10libfs: simple_follow_link()Al Viro1-0/+1
let "fast" symlinks store the pointer to the body into ->i_link and use simple_follow_link for ->follow_link() Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2015-04-24direct-io: only inc/dec inode->i_dio_count for file systemsJens Axboe1-14/+0
do_blockdev_direct_IO() increments and decrements the inode ->i_dio_count for each IO operation. It does this to protect against truncate of a file. Block devices don't need this sort of protection. For a capable multiqueue setup, this atomic int is the only shared state between applications accessing the device for O_DIRECT, and it presents a scaling wall for that. In my testing, as much as 30% of system time is spent incrementing and decrementing this value. A mixed read/write workload improved from ~2.5M IOPS to ~9.6M IOPS, with better latencies too. Before: clat percentiles (usec): | 1.00th=[ 33], 5.00th=[ 34], 10.00th=[ 34], 20.00th=[ 34], | 30.00th=[ 34], 40.00th=[ 34], 50.00th=[ 35], 60.00th=[ 35], | 70.00th=[ 35], 80.00th=[ 35], 90.00th=[ 37], 95.00th=[ 80], | 99.00th=[ 98], 99.50th=[ 151], 99.90th=[ 155], 99.95th=[ 155], | 99.99th=[ 165] After: clat percentiles (usec): | 1.00th=[ 95], 5.00th=[ 108], 10.00th=[ 129], 20.00th=[ 149], | 30.00th=[ 155], 40.00th=[ 161], 50.00th=[ 167], 60.00th=[ 171], | 70.00th=[ 177], 80.00th=[ 185], 90.00th=[ 201], 95.00th=[ 270], | 99.00th=[ 390], 99.50th=[ 398], 99.90th=[ 418], 99.95th=[ 422], | 99.99th=[ 438] In other setups, Robert Elliott reported seeing good performance improvements: https://lkml.org/lkml/2015/4/3/557 The more applications accessing the device, the worse it gets. Add a new direct-io flags, DIO_SKIP_DIO_COUNT, which tells do_blockdev_direct_IO() that it need not worry about incrementing or decrementing the inode i_dio_count for this caller. Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu> Cc: Elliott, Robert (Server Storage) <elliott@hp.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@fb.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2015-04-15VFS: fs/inode.c helpers: d_inode() annotationsDavid Howells1-3/+3
these should be used on objects already in top layer Signed-off-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2015-02-17Merge branch 'lazytime' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-16/+90
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs Pull lazytime mount option support from Al Viro: "Lazytime stuff from tytso" * 'lazytime' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs: ext4: add optimization for the lazytime mount option vfs: add find_inode_nowait() function vfs: add support for a lazytime mount option
2015-02-12Merge branch 'akpm' (patches from Andrew)Linus Torvalds1-8/+7
Merge third set of updates from Andrew Morton: - the rest of MM [ This includes getting rid of the numa hinting bits, in favor of just generic protnone logic. Yay. - Linus ] - core kernel - procfs - some of lib/ (lots of lib/ material this time) * emailed patches from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>: (104 commits) lib/lcm.c: replace include lib/percpu_ida.c: remove redundant includes lib/strncpy_from_user.c: replace module.h include lib/stmp_device.c: replace module.h include lib/sort.c: move include inside #if 0 lib/show_mem.c: remove redundant include lib/radix-tree.c: change to simpler include lib/plist.c: remove redundant include lib/nlattr.c: remove redundant include lib/kobject_uevent.c: remove redundant include lib/llist.c: remove redundant include lib/md5.c: simplify include lib/list_sort.c: rearrange includes lib/genalloc.c: remove redundant include lib/idr.c: remove redundant include lib/halfmd4.c: simplify includes lib/dynamic_queue_limits.c: simplify includes lib/sort.c: use simpler includes lib/interval_tree.c: simplify includes hexdump: make it return number of bytes placed in buffer ...
2015-02-12list_lru: add helpers to isolate itemsVladimir Davydov1-4/+4
Currently, the isolate callback passed to the list_lru_walk family of functions is supposed to just delete an item from the list upon returning LRU_REMOVED or LRU_REMOVED_RETRY, while nr_items counter is fixed by __list_lru_walk_one after the callback returns. Since the callback is allowed to drop the lock after removing an item (it has to return LRU_REMOVED_RETRY then), the nr_items can be less than the actual number of elements on the list even if we check them under the lock. This makes it difficult to move items from one list_lru_one to another, which is required for per-memcg list_lru reparenting - we can't just splice the lists, we have to move entries one by one. This patch therefore introduces helpers that must be used by callback functions to isolate items instead of raw list_del/list_move. These are list_lru_isolate and list_lru_isolate_move. They not only remove the entry from the list, but also fix the nr_items counter, making sure nr_items always reflects the actual number of elements on the list if checked under the appropriate lock. Signed-off-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@parallels.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-12list_lru: introduce list_lru_shrink_{count,walk}Vladimir Davydov1-4/+3
Kmem accounting of memcg is unusable now, because it lacks slab shrinker support. That means when we hit the limit we will get ENOMEM w/o any chance to recover. What we should do then is to call shrink_slab, which would reclaim old inode/dentry caches from this cgroup. This is what this patch set is intended to do. Basically, it does two things. First, it introduces the notion of per-memcg slab shrinker. A shrinker that wants to reclaim objects per cgroup should mark itself as SHRINKER_MEMCG_AWARE. Then it will be passed the memory cgroup to scan from in shrink_control->memcg. For such shrinkers shrink_slab iterates over the whole cgroup subtree under the target cgroup and calls the shrinker for each kmem-active memory cgroup. Secondly, this patch set makes the list_lru structure per-memcg. It's done transparently to list_lru users - everything they have to do is to tell list_lru_init that they want memcg-aware list_lru. Then the list_lru will automatically distribute objects among per-memcg lists basing on which cgroup the object is accounted to. This way to make FS shrinkers (icache, dcache) memcg-aware we only need to make them use memcg-aware list_lru, and this is what this patch set does. As before, this patch set only enables per-memcg kmem reclaim when the pressure goes from memory.limit, not from memory.kmem.limit. Handling memory.kmem.limit is going to be tricky due to GFP_NOFS allocations, and it is still unclear whether we will have this knob in the unified hierarchy. This patch (of 9): NUMA aware slab shrinkers use the list_lru structure to distribute objects coming from different NUMA nodes to different lists. Whenever such a shrinker needs to count or scan objects from a particular node, it issues commands like this: count = list_lru_count_node(lru, sc->nid); freed = list_lru_walk_node(lru, sc->nid, isolate_func, isolate_arg, &sc->nr_to_scan); where sc is an instance of the shrink_control structure passed to it from vmscan. To simplify this, let's add special list_lru functions to be used by shrinkers, list_lru_shrink_count() and list_lru_shrink_walk(), which consolidate the nid and nr_to_scan arguments in the shrink_control structure. This will also allow us to avoid patching shrinkers that use list_lru when we make shrink_slab() per-memcg - all we will have to do is extend the shrink_control structure to include the target memcg and make list_lru_shrink_{count,walk} handle this appropriately. Signed-off-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov@parallels.com> Suggested-by: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com> Cc: Glauber Costa <glommer@gmail.com> Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com> Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-12Merge branch 'for-3.20/bdi' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-blockLinus Torvalds1-13/+0
Pull backing device changes from Jens Axboe: "This contains a cleanup of how the backing device is handled, in preparation for a rework of the life time rules. In this part, the most important change is to split the unrelated nommu mmap flags from it, but also removing a backing_dev_info pointer from the address_space (and inode), and a cleanup of other various minor bits. Christoph did all the work here, I just fixed an oops with pages that have a swap backing. Arnd fixed a missing export, and Oleg killed the lustre backing_dev_info from staging. Last patch was from Al, unexporting parts that are now no longer needed outside" * 'for-3.20/bdi' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-block: Make super_blocks and sb_lock static mtd: export new mtd_mmap_capabilities fs: make inode_to_bdi() handle NULL inode staging/lustre/llite: get rid of backing_dev_info fs: remove default_backing_dev_info fs: don't reassign dirty inodes to default_backing_dev_info nfs: don't call bdi_unregister ceph: remove call to bdi_unregister fs: remove mapping->backing_dev_info fs: export inode_to_bdi and use it in favor of mapping->backing_dev_info nilfs2: set up s_bdi like the generic mount_bdev code block_dev: get bdev inode bdi directly from the block device block_dev: only write bdev inode on close fs: introduce f_op->mmap_capabilities for nommu mmap support fs: kill BDI_CAP_SWAP_BACKED fs: deduplicate noop_backing_dev_info
2015-02-10Merge branch 'akpm' (patches from Andrew)Linus Torvalds1-1/+0
Merge misc updates from Andrew Morton: "Bite-sized chunks this time, to avoid the MTA ratelimiting woes. - fs/notify updates - ocfs2 - some of MM" That laconic "some MM" is mainly the removal of remap_file_pages(), which is a big simplification of the VM, and which gets rid of a *lot* of random cruft and special cases because we no longer support the non-linear mappings that it used. From a user interface perspective, nothing has changed, because the remap_file_pages() syscall still exists, it's just done by emulating the old behavior by creating a lot of individual small mappings instead of one non-linear one. The emulation is slower than the old "native" non-linear mappings, but nobody really uses or cares about remap_file_pages(), and simplifying the VM is a big advantage. * emailed patches from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>: (78 commits) memcg: zap memcg_slab_caches and memcg_slab_mutex memcg: zap memcg_name argument of memcg_create_kmem_cache memcg: zap __memcg_{charge,uncharge}_slab mm/page_alloc.c: place zone_id check before VM_BUG_ON_PAGE check mm: hugetlb: fix type of hugetlb_treat_as_movable variable mm, hugetlb: remove unnecessary lower bound on sysctl handlers"? mm: memory: merge shared-writable dirtying branches in do_wp_page() mm: memory: remove ->vm_file check on shared writable vmas xtensa: drop _PAGE_FILE and pte_file()-related helpers x86: drop _PAGE_FILE and pte_file()-related helpers unicore32: drop pte_file()-related helpers um: drop _PAGE_FILE and pte_file()-related helpers tile: drop pte_file()-related helpers sparc: drop pte_file()-related helpers sh: drop _PAGE_FILE and pte_file()-related helpers score: drop _PAGE_FILE and pte_file()-related helpers s390: drop pte_file()-related helpers parisc: drop _PAGE_FILE and pte_file()-related helpers openrisc: drop _PAGE_FILE and pte_file()-related helpers nios2: drop _PAGE_FILE and pte_file()-related helpers ...
2015-02-10rmap: drop support of non-linear mappingsKirill A. Shutemov1-1/+0
We don't create non-linear mappings anymore. Let's drop code which handles them in rmap. Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-05vfs: add find_inode_nowait() functionTheodore Ts'o1-0/+50
Add a new function find_inode_nowait() which is an even more general version of ilookup5_nowait(). It is designed for callers which need very fine grained control over when the function is allowed to block or increment the inode's reference count. Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2015-02-05vfs: add support for a lazytime mount optionTheodore Ts'o1-16/+40
Add a new mount option which enables a new "lazytime" mode. This mode causes atime, mtime, and ctime updates to only be made to the in-memory version of the inode. The on-disk times will only get updated when (a) if the inode needs to be updated for some non-time related change, (b) if userspace calls fsync(), syncfs() or sync(), or (c) just before an undeleted inode is evicted from memory. This is OK according to POSIX because there are no guarantees after a crash unless userspace explicitly requests via a fsync(2) call. For workloads which feature a large number of random write to a preallocated file, the lazytime mount option significantly reduces writes to the inode table. The repeated 4k writes to a single block will result in undesirable stress on flash devices and SMR disk drives. Even on conventional HDD's, the repeated writes to the inode table block will trigger Adjacent Track Interference (ATI) remediation latencies, which very negatively impact long tail latencies --- which is a very big deal for web serving tiers (for example). Google-Bug-Id: 18297052 Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2015-01-20fs: remove mapping->backing_dev_infoChristoph Hellwig1-13/+0
Now that we never use the backing_dev_info pointer in struct address_space we can simply remove it and save 4 to 8 bytes in every inode. Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Acked-by: Ryusuke Konishi <konishi.ryusuke@lab.ntt.co.jp> Reviewed-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Reviewed-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@fb.com>
2015-01-16locks: add a new struct file_locking_context pointer to struct inodeJeff Layton1-1/+2
The current scheme of using the i_flock list is really difficult to manage. There is also a legitimate desire for a per-inode spinlock to manage these lists that isn't the i_lock. Start conversion to a new scheme to eventually replace the old i_flock list with a new "file_lock_context" object. We start by adding a new i_flctx to struct inode. For now, it lives in parallel with i_flock list, but will eventually replace it. The idea is to allocate a structure to sit in that pointer and act as a locus for all things file locking. We allocate a file_lock_context for an inode when the first lock is added to it, and it's only freed when the inode is freed. We use the i_lock to protect the assignment, but afterward it should mostly be accessed locklessly. Signed-off-by: Jeff Layton <jlayton@primarydata.com> Acked-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
2014-12-16Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-3/+8
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs Pull vfs pile #2 from Al Viro: "Next pile (and there'll be one or two more). The large piece in this one is getting rid of /proc/*/ns/* weirdness; among other things, it allows to (finally) make nameidata completely opaque outside of fs/namei.c, making for easier further cleanups in there" * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/viro/vfs: coda_venus_readdir(): use file_inode() fs/namei.c: fold link_path_walk() call into path_init() path_init(): don't bother with LOOKUP_PARENT in argument fs/namei.c: new helper (path_cleanup()) path_init(): store the "base" pointer to file in nameidata itself make default ->i_fop have ->open() fail with ENXIO make nameidata completely opaque outside of fs/namei.c kill proc_ns completely take the targets of /proc/*/ns/* symlinks to separate fs bury struct proc_ns in fs/proc copy address of proc_ns_ops into ns_common new helpers: ns_alloc_inum/ns_free_inum make proc_ns_operations work with struct ns_common * instead of void * switch the rest of proc_ns_operations to working with &...->ns netns: switch ->get()/->put()/->install()/->inum() to working with &net->ns make mntns ->get()/->put()/->install()/->inum() work with &mnt_ns->ns common object embedded into various struct ....ns
2014-12-13mm: convert i_mmap_mutex to rwsemDavidlohr Bueso1-1/+1
The i_mmap_mutex is a close cousin of the anon vma lock, both protecting similar data, one for file backed pages and the other for anon memory. To this end, this lock can also be a rwsem. In addition, there are some important opportunities to share the lock when there are no tree modifications. This conversion is straightforward. For now, all users take the write lock. [sfr@canb.auug.org.au: update fremap.c] Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <dbueso@suse.de> Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Acked-by: "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@shutemov.name> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Srikar Dronamraju <srikar@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-12-10make default ->i_fop have ->open() fail with ENXIOAl Viro1-3/+8
As it is, default ->i_fop has NULL ->open() (along with all other methods). The only case where it matters is reopening (via procfs symlink) a file that didn't get its ->f_op from ->i_fop - anything else will have ->i_fop assigned to something sane (default would fail on read/write/ioctl/etc.). Unfortunately, such case exists - alloc_file() users, especially anon_get_file() ones. There we have tons of opened files of very different kinds sharing the same inode. As the result, attempt to reopen those via procfs succeeds and you get a descriptor you can't do anything with. Moreover, in case of sockets we set ->i_fop that will only be used on such reopen attempts - and put a failing ->open() into it to make sure those do not succeed. It would be simpler to put such ->open() into default ->i_fop and leave it unchanged both for anon inode (as we do anyway) and for socket ones. Result: * everything going through do_dentry_open() works as it used to * sock_no_open() kludge is gone * attempts to reopen anon-inode files fail as they really ought to * ditto for aio_private_file() * ditto for perfmon - this one actually tried to imitate sock_no_open() trick, but failed to set ->i_fop, so in the current tree reopens succeed and yield completely useless descriptor. Intent clearly had been to fail with -ENXIO on such reopens; now it actually does. * everything else that used alloc_file() keeps working - it has ->i_fop set for its inodes anyway Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2014-11-10vfs: Remove i_dquot field from inodeJan Kara1-3/+0
All filesystems using VFS quotas are now converted to use their private i_dquot fields. Remove the i_dquot field from generic inode structure. Acked-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
2014-08-08mm: allow drivers to prevent new writable mappingsDavid Herrmann1-0/+1
This patch (of 6): The i_mmap_writable field counts existing writable mappings of an address_space. To allow drivers to prevent new writable mappings, make this counter signed and prevent new writable mappings if it is negative. This is modelled after i_writecount and DENYWRITE. This will be required by the shmem-sealing infrastructure to prevent any new writable mappings after the WRITE seal has been set. In case there exists a writable mapping, this operation will fail with EBUSY. Note that we rely on the fact that iff you already own a writable mapping, you can increase the counter without using the helpers. This is the same that we do for i_writecount. Signed-off-by: David Herrmann <dh.herrmann@gmail.com> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com> Cc: Ryan Lortie <desrt@desrt.ca> Cc: Lennart Poettering <lennart@poettering.net> Cc: Daniel Mack <zonque@gmail.com> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-07-16sched: Remove proliferation of wait_on_bit() action functionsNeilBrown1-7/+0
The current "wait_on_bit" interface requires an 'action' function to be provided which does the actual waiting. There are over 20 such functions, many of them identical. Most cases can be satisfied by one of just two functions, one which uses io_schedule() and one which just uses schedule(). So: Rename wait_on_bit and wait_on_bit_lock to wait_on_bit_action and wait_on_bit_lock_action to make it explicit that they need an action function. Introduce new wait_on_bit{,_lock} and wait_on_bit{,_lock}_io which are *not* given an action function but implicitly use a standard one. The decision to error-out if a signal is pending is now made based on the 'mode' argument rather than being encoded in the action function. All instances of the old wait_on_bit and wait_on_bit_lock which can use the new version have been changed accordingly and their action functions have been discarded. wait_on_bit{_lock} does not return any specific error code in the event of a signal so the caller must check for non-zero and interpolate their own error code as appropriate. The wait_on_bit() call in __fscache_wait_on_invalidate() was ambiguous as it specified TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE but used fscache_wait_bit_interruptible as an action function. David Howells confirms this should be uniformly "uninterruptible" The main remaining user of wait_on_bit{,_lock}_action is NFS which needs to use a freezer-aware schedule() call. A comment in fs/gfs2/glock.c notes that having multiple 'action' functions is useful as they display differently in the 'wchan' field of 'ps'. (and /proc/$PID/wchan). As the new bit_wait{,_io} functions are tagged "__sched", they will not show up at all, but something higher in the stack. So the distinction will still be visible, only with different function names (gds2_glock_wait versus gfs2_glock_dq_wait in the gfs2/glock.c case). Since first version of this patch (against 3.15) two new action functions appeared, on in NFS and one in CIFS. CIFS also now uses an action function that makes the same freezer aware schedule call as NFS. Signed-off-by: NeilBrown <neilb@suse.de> Acked-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> (fscache, keys) Acked-by: Steven Whitehouse <swhiteho@redhat.com> (gfs2) Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Cc: Steve French <sfrench@samba.org> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20140707051603.28027.72349.stgit@notabene.brown Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2014-06-10fs,userns: Change inode_capable to capable_wrt_inode_uidgidAndy Lutomirski1-3/+7
The kernel has no concept of capabilities with respect to inodes; inodes exist independently of namespaces. For example, inode_capable(inode, CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE) would be nonsense. This patch changes inode_capable to check for uid and gid mappings and renames it to capable_wrt_inode_uidgid, which should make it more obvious what it does. Fixes CVE-2014-4014. Cc: Theodore Ts'o <tytso@mit.edu> Cc: Serge Hallyn <serge.hallyn@ubuntu.com> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com> Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org Signed-off-by: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-06-06fs: convert use of typedef ctl_table to struct ctl_tableJoe Perches1-1/+1
This typedef is unnecessary and should just be removed. Signed-off-by: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-04-04Merge tag 'ext4_for_linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-0/+31
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tytso/ext4 Pull ext4 updates from Ted Ts'o: "Major changes for 3.14 include support for the newly added ZERO_RANGE and COLLAPSE_RANGE fallocate operations, and scalability improvements in the jbd2 layer and in xattr handling when the extended attributes spill over into an external block. Other than that, the usual clean ups and minor bug fixes" * tag 'ext4_for_linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tytso/ext4: (42 commits) ext4: fix premature freeing of partial clusters split across leaf blocks ext4: remove unneeded test of ret variable ext4: fix comment typo ext4: make ext4_block_zero_page_range static ext4: atomically set inode->i_flags in ext4_set_inode_flags() ext4: optimize Hurd tests when reading/writing inodes ext4: kill i_version support for Hurd-castrated file systems ext4: each filesystem creates and uses its own mb_cache fs/mbcache.c: doucple the locking of local from global data fs/mbcache.c: change block and index hash chain to hlist_bl_node ext4: Introduce FALLOC_FL_ZERO_RANGE flag for fallocate ext4: refactor ext4_fallocate code ext4: Update inode i_size after the preallocation ext4: fix partial cluster handling for bigalloc file systems ext4: delete path dealloc code in ext4_ext_handle_uninitialized_extents ext4: only call sync_filesystm() when remounting read-only fs: push sync_filesystem() down to the file system's remount_fs() jbd2: improve error messages for inconsistent journal heads jbd2: minimize region locked by j_list_lock in jbd2_journal_forget() jbd2: minimize region locked by j_list_lock in journal_get_create_access() ...
2014-04-04Merge branch 'cross-rename' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-13/+12
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mszeredi/vfs Pull renameat2 system call from Miklos Szeredi: "This adds a new syscall, renameat2(), which is the same as renameat() but with a flags argument. The purpose of extending rename is to add cross-rename, a symmetric variant of rename, which exchanges the two files. This allows interesting things, which were not possible before, for example atomically replacing a directory tree with a symlink, etc... This also allows overlayfs and friends to operate on whiteouts atomically. Andy Lutomirski also suggested a "noreplace" flag, which disables the overwriting behavior of rename. These two flags, RENAME_EXCHANGE and RENAME_NOREPLACE are only implemented for ext4 as an example and for testing" * 'cross-rename' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/mszeredi/vfs: ext4: add cross rename support ext4: rename: split out helper functions ext4: rename: move EMLINK check up ext4: rename: create ext4_renament structure for local vars vfs: add cross-rename vfs: lock_two_nondirectories: allow directory args security: add flags to rename hooks vfs: add RENAME_NOREPLACE flag vfs: add renameat2 syscall vfs: rename: use common code for dir and non-dir vfs: rename: move d_move() up vfs: add d_is_dir()
2014-04-03mm + fs: store shadow entries in page cacheJohannes Weiner1-2/+2
Reclaim will be leaving shadow entries in the page cache radix tree upon evicting the real page. As those pages are found from the LRU, an iput() can lead to the inode being freed concurrently. At this point, reclaim must no longer install shadow pages because the inode freeing code needs to ensure the page tree is really empty. Add an address_space flag, AS_EXITING, that the inode freeing code sets under the tree lock before doing the final truncate. Reclaim will check for this flag before installing shadow pages. Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com> Cc: Bob Liu <bob.liu@oracle.com> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org> Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com> Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com> Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Luigi Semenzato <semenzato@google.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Metin Doslu <metin@citusdata.com> Cc: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Ozgun Erdogan <ozgun@citusdata.com> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Roman Gushchin <klamm@yandex-team.ru> Cc: Ryan Mallon <rmallon@gmail.com> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-04-01vfs: lock_two_nondirectories: allow directory argsJ. Bruce Fields1-13/+12
lock_two_nondirectories warned if either of its args was a directory. Instead just ignore the directory args. This is needed for locking in cross rename. Signed-off-by: J. Bruce Fields <bfields@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Miklos Szeredi <mszeredi@suse.cz>
2014-03-24ext4: atomically set inode->i_flags in ext4_set_inode_flags()Theodore Ts'o1-0/+31
Use cmpxchg() to atomically set i_flags instead of clearing out the S_IMMUTABLE, S_APPEND, etc. flags and then setting them from the EXT4_IMMUTABLE_FL, EXT4_APPEND_FL flags, since this opens up a race where an immutable file has the immutable flag cleared for a brief window of time. Reported-by: John Sullivan <jsrhbz@kanargh.force9.co.uk> Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu> Cc: stable@kernel.org
2013-11-09locks: break delegations on any attribute modificationJ. Bruce Fields1-1/+5
NFSv4 uses leases to guarantee that clients can cache metadata as well as data. Cc: Mikulas Patocka <mikulas@artax.karlin.mff.cuni.cz> Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com> Cc: Tyler Hicks <tyhicks@canonical.com> Cc: Dustin Kirkland <dustin.kirkland@gazzang.com> Acked-by: Jeff Layton <jlayton@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: J. Bruce Fields <bfields@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2013-11-09vfs: rename I_MUTEX_QUOTA now that it's not used for quotasJ. Bruce Fields1-2/+2
I_MUTEX_QUOTA is now just being used whenever we want to lock two non-directories. So the name isn't right. I_MUTEX_NONDIR2 isn't especially elegant but it's the best I could think of. Also fix some outdated documentation. Acked-by: Jeff Layton <jlayton@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: J. Bruce Fields <bfields@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2013-11-09vfs: don't use PARENT/CHILD lock classes for non-directoriesJ. Bruce Fields1-5/+5
Reserve I_MUTEX_PARENT and I_MUTEX_CHILD for locking of actual directories. (Also I_MUTEX_QUOTA isn't really a meaningful name for this locking class any more; fixed in a later patch.) Acked-by: Jeff Layton <jlayton@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: J. Bruce Fields <bfields@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2013-11-09vfs: pull ext4's double-i_mutex-locking into common codeJ. Bruce Fields1-0/+36
We want to do this elsewhere as well. Also catch any attempts to use it for directories (where this ordering would conflict with ancestor-first directory ordering in lock_rename). Cc: Andreas Dilger <adilger.kernel@dilger.ca> Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com> Acked-by: Jeff Layton <jlayton@redhat.com> Acked-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu> Signed-off-by: J. Bruce Fields <bfields@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2013-11-09iget/iget5: don't bother with ->i_lock until we find a matchAl Viro1-14/+6
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2013-09-10fs: convert inode and dentry shrinking to be node awareDave Chinner1-3/+4
Now that the shrinker is passing a node in the scan control structure, we can pass this to the the generic LRU list code to isolate reclaim to the lists on matching nodes. Signed-off-by: Dave Chinner <dchinner@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu> Cc: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Artem Bityutskiy <artem.bityutskiy@linux.intel.com> Cc: Arve Hjønnevåg <arve@android.com> Cc: Carlos Maiolino <cmaiolino@redhat.com> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Chuck Lever <chuck.lever@oracle.com> Cc: Daniel Vetter <daniel.vetter@ffwll.ch> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Gleb Natapov <gleb@redhat.com> Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com> Cc: J. Bruce Fields <bfields@redhat.com> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Cc: Jerome Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com> Cc: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Kent Overstreet <koverstreet@google.com> Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Steven Whitehouse <swhiteho@redhat.com> Cc: Thomas Hellstrom <thellstrom@vmware.com> Cc: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2013-09-10inode: move inode to a different list inside lockGlauber Costa1-1/+1
When removing an element from the lru, this will be done today after the lock is released. This is a clear mistake, although we are not sure if the bugs we are seeing are related to this. All list manipulations are done inside the lock, and so should this one. Signed-off-by: Glauber Costa <glommer@openvz.org> Tested-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz> Cc: Dave Chinner <dchinner@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2013-09-10inode: convert inode lru list to generic lru list code.Dave Chinner1-105/+70
[glommer@openvz.org: adapted for new LRU return codes] Signed-off-by: Dave Chinner <dchinner@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Glauber Costa <glommer@openvz.org> Cc: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu> Cc: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Artem Bityutskiy <artem.bityutskiy@linux.intel.com> Cc: Arve Hjønnevåg <arve@android.com> Cc: Carlos Maiolino <cmaiolino@redhat.com> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Chuck Lever <chuck.lever@oracle.com> Cc: Daniel Vetter <daniel.vetter@ffwll.ch> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Gleb Natapov <gleb@redhat.com> Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com> Cc: J. Bruce Fields <bfields@redhat.com> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Cc: Jerome Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com> Cc: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Kent Overstreet <koverstreet@google.com> Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Steven Whitehouse <swhiteho@redhat.com> Cc: Thomas Hellstrom <thellstrom@vmware.com> Cc: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2013-09-10shrinker: convert superblock shrinkers to new APIDave Chinner1-2/+5
Convert superblock shrinker to use the new count/scan API, and propagate the API changes through to the filesystem callouts. The filesystem callouts already use a count/scan API, so it's just changing counters to longs to match the VM API. This requires the dentry and inode shrinker callouts to be converted to the count/scan API. This is mainly a mechanical change. [glommer@openvz.org: use mult_frac for fractional proportions, build fixes] Signed-off-by: Dave Chinner <dchinner@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Glauber Costa <glommer@openvz.org> Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu> Cc: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Artem Bityutskiy <artem.bityutskiy@linux.intel.com> Cc: Arve Hjønnevåg <arve@android.com> Cc: Carlos Maiolino <cmaiolino@redhat.com> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Chuck Lever <chuck.lever@oracle.com> Cc: Daniel Vetter <daniel.vetter@ffwll.ch> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Gleb Natapov <gleb@redhat.com> Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com> Cc: J. Bruce Fields <bfields@redhat.com> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Cc: Jerome Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com> Cc: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Kent Overstreet <koverstreet@google.com> Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Steven Whitehouse <swhiteho@redhat.com> Cc: Thomas Hellstrom <thellstrom@vmware.com> Cc: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2013-09-10fs: bump inode and dentry counters to longGlauber Costa1-9/+9
This series reworks our current object cache shrinking infrastructure in two main ways: * Noticing that a lot of users copy and paste their own version of LRU lists for objects, we put some effort in providing a generic version. It is modeled after the filesystem users: dentries, inodes, and xfs (for various tasks), but we expect that other users could benefit in the near future with little or no modification. Let us know if you have any issues. * The underlying list_lru being proposed automatically and transparently keeps the elements in per-node lists, and is able to manipulate the node lists individually. Given this infrastructure, we are able to modify the up-to-now hammer called shrink_slab to proceed with node-reclaim instead of always searching memory from all over like it has been doing. Per-node lru lists are also expected to lead to less contention in the lru locks on multi-node scans, since we are now no longer fighting for a global lock. The locks usually disappear from the profilers with this change. Although we have no official benchmarks for this version - be our guest to independently evaluate this - earlier versions of this series were performance tested (details at http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.linux.kernel.mm/100537) yielding no visible performance regressions while yielding a better qualitative behavior in NUMA machines. With this infrastructure in place, we can use the list_lru entry point to provide memcg isolation and per-memcg targeted reclaim. Historically, those two pieces of work have been posted together. This version presents only the infrastructure work, deferring the memcg work for a later time, so we can focus on getting this part tested. You can see more about the history of such work at http://lwn.net/Articles/552769/ Dave Chinner (18): dcache: convert dentry_stat.nr_unused to per-cpu counters dentry: move to per-sb LRU locks dcache: remove dentries from LRU before putting on dispose list mm: new shrinker API shrinker: convert superblock shrinkers to new API list: add a new LRU list type inode: convert inode lru list to generic lru list code. dcache: convert to use new lru list infrastructure list_lru: per-node list infrastructure shrinker: add node awareness fs: convert inode and dentry shrinking to be node aware xfs: convert buftarg LRU to generic code xfs: rework buffer dispose list tracking xfs: convert dquot cache lru to list_lru fs: convert fs shrinkers to new scan/count API drivers: convert shrinkers to new count/scan API shrinker: convert remaining shrinkers to count/scan API shrinker: Kill old ->shrink API. Glauber Costa (7): fs: bump inode and dentry counters to long super: fix calculation of shrinkable objects for small numbers list_lru: per-node API vmscan: per-node deferred work i915: bail out earlier when shrinker cannot acquire mutex hugepage: convert huge zero page shrinker to new shrinker API list_lru: dynamically adjust node arrays This patch: There are situations in very large machines in which we can have a large quantity of dirty inodes, unused dentries, etc. This is particularly true when umounting a filesystem, where eventually since every live object will eventually be discarded. Dave Chinner reported a problem with this while experimenting with the shrinker revamp patchset. So we believe it is time for a change. This patch just moves int to longs. Machines where it matters should have a big long anyway. Signed-off-by: Glauber Costa <glommer@openvz.org> Cc: Dave Chinner <dchinner@redhat.com> Cc: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu> Cc: Adrian Hunter <adrian.hunter@intel.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Cc: Artem Bityutskiy <artem.bityutskiy@linux.intel.com> Cc: Arve Hjønnevåg <arve@android.com> Cc: Carlos Maiolino <cmaiolino@redhat.com> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de> Cc: Chuck Lever <chuck.lever@oracle.com> Cc: Daniel Vetter <daniel.vetter@ffwll.ch> Cc: Dave Chinner <dchinner@redhat.com> Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com> Cc: Gleb Natapov <gleb@redhat.com> Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com> Cc: J. Bruce Fields <bfields@redhat.com> Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz> Cc: Jerome Glisse <jglisse@redhat.com> Cc: John Stultz <john.stultz@linaro.org> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: Kent Overstreet <koverstreet@google.com> Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Marcelo Tosatti <mtosatti@redhat.com> Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de> Cc: Steven Whitehouse <swhiteho@redhat.com> Cc: Thomas Hellstrom <thellstrom@vmware.com> Cc: Trond Myklebust <Trond.Myklebust@netapp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
2013-09-03constify touch_atime()Al Viro1-1/+1
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>

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