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2015-08-14ipc/sem.c: update/correct memory barriersManfred Spraul1-4/+14
sem_lock() did not properly pair memory barriers: !spin_is_locked() and spin_unlock_wait() are both only control barriers. The code needs an acquire barrier, otherwise the cpu might perform read operations before the lock test. As no primitive exists inside <include/spinlock.h> and since it seems noone wants another primitive, the code creates a local primitive within ipc/sem.c. With regards to -stable: The change of sem_wait_array() is a bugfix, the change to sem_lock() is a nop (just a preprocessor redefinition to improve the readability). The bugfix is necessary for all kernels that use sem_wait_array() (i.e.: starting from 3.10). Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Reported-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com> Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: Kirill Tkhai <ktkhai@parallels.com> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com> Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <dave@stgolabs.net> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [3.10+] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-08-14ipc,sem: remove uneeded sem_undo_list lock usage in exit_sem()Herton R. Krzesinski1-2/+4
After we acquire the sma->sem_perm lock in exit_sem(), we are protected against a racing IPC_RMID operation. Also at that point, we are the last user of sem_undo_list. Therefore it isn't required that we acquire or use ulp->lock. Signed-off-by: Herton R. Krzesinski <herton@redhat.com> Acked-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <dave@stgolabs.net> Cc: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com> CC: Aristeu Rozanski <aris@redhat.com> Cc: David Jeffery <djeffery@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-08-14ipc,sem: fix use after free on IPC_RMID after a task using same semaphore ↵Herton R. Krzesinski1-6/+17
set exits The current semaphore code allows a potential use after free: in exit_sem we may free the task's sem_undo_list while there is still another task looping through the same semaphore set and cleaning the sem_undo list at freeary function (the task called IPC_RMID for the same semaphore set). For example, with a test program [1] running which keeps forking a lot of processes (which then do a semop call with SEM_UNDO flag), and with the parent right after removing the semaphore set with IPC_RMID, and a kernel built with CONFIG_SLAB, CONFIG_SLAB_DEBUG and CONFIG_DEBUG_SPINLOCK, you can easily see something like the following in the kernel log: Slab corruption (Not tainted): kmalloc-64 start=ffff88003b45c1c0, len=64 000: 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 00 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b 6b kkkkkkkk.kkkkkkk 010: ff ff ff ff 6b 6b 6b 6b ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ....kkkk........ Prev obj: start=ffff88003b45c180, len=64 000: 00 00 00 00 ad 4e ad de ff ff ff ff 5a 5a 5a 5a .....N......ZZZZ 010: ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff c0 fb 01 37 00 88 ff ff ...........7.... Next obj: start=ffff88003b45c200, len=64 000: 00 00 00 00 ad 4e ad de ff ff ff ff 5a 5a 5a 5a .....N......ZZZZ 010: ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff 68 29 a7 3c 00 88 ff ff ........h).<.... BUG: spinlock wrong CPU on CPU#2, test/18028 general protection fault: 0000 [#1] SMP Modules linked in: 8021q mrp garp stp llc nf_conntrack_ipv4 nf_defrag_ipv4 ip6t_REJECT nf_reject_ipv6 nf_conntrack_ipv6 nf_defrag_ipv6 xt_state nf_conntrack ip6table_filter ip6_tables binfmt_misc ppdev input_leds joydev parport_pc parport floppy serio_raw virtio_balloon virtio_rng virtio_console virtio_net iosf_mbi crct10dif_pclmul crc32_pclmul ghash_clmulni_intel pcspkr qxl ttm drm_kms_helper drm snd_hda_codec_generic i2c_piix4 snd_hda_intel snd_hda_codec snd_hda_core snd_hwdep snd_seq snd_seq_device snd_pcm snd_timer snd soundcore crc32c_intel virtio_pci virtio_ring virtio pata_acpi ata_generic [last unloaded: speedstep_lib] CPU: 2 PID: 18028 Comm: test Not tainted 4.2.0-rc5+ #1 Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.8.1-20150318_183358- 04/01/2014 RIP: spin_dump+0x53/0xc0 Call Trace: spin_bug+0x30/0x40 do_raw_spin_unlock+0x71/0xa0 _raw_spin_unlock+0xe/0x10 freeary+0x82/0x2a0 ? _raw_spin_lock+0xe/0x10 semctl_down.clone.0+0xce/0x160 ? __do_page_fault+0x19a/0x430 ? __audit_syscall_entry+0xa8/0x100 SyS_semctl+0x236/0x2c0 ? syscall_trace_leave+0xde/0x130 entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x12/0x71 Code: 8b 80 88 03 00 00 48 8d 88 60 05 00 00 48 c7 c7 a0 2c a4 81 31 c0 65 8b 15 eb 40 f3 7e e8 08 31 68 00 4d 85 e4 44 8b 4b 08 74 5e <45> 8b 84 24 88 03 00 00 49 8d 8c 24 60 05 00 00 8b 53 04 48 89 RIP [<ffffffff810d6053>] spin_dump+0x53/0xc0 RSP <ffff88003750fd68> ---[ end trace 783ebb76612867a0 ]--- NMI watchdog: BUG: soft lockup - CPU#3 stuck for 22s! [test:18053] Modules linked in: 8021q mrp garp stp llc nf_conntrack_ipv4 nf_defrag_ipv4 ip6t_REJECT nf_reject_ipv6 nf_conntrack_ipv6 nf_defrag_ipv6 xt_state nf_conntrack ip6table_filter ip6_tables binfmt_misc ppdev input_leds joydev parport_pc parport floppy serio_raw virtio_balloon virtio_rng virtio_console virtio_net iosf_mbi crct10dif_pclmul crc32_pclmul ghash_clmulni_intel pcspkr qxl ttm drm_kms_helper drm snd_hda_codec_generic i2c_piix4 snd_hda_intel snd_hda_codec snd_hda_core snd_hwdep snd_seq snd_seq_device snd_pcm snd_timer snd soundcore crc32c_intel virtio_pci virtio_ring virtio pata_acpi ata_generic [last unloaded: speedstep_lib] CPU: 3 PID: 18053 Comm: test Tainted: G D 4.2.0-rc5+ #1 Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS 1.8.1-20150318_183358- 04/01/2014 RIP: native_read_tsc+0x0/0x20 Call Trace: ? delay_tsc+0x40/0x70 __delay+0xf/0x20 do_raw_spin_lock+0x96/0x140 _raw_spin_lock+0xe/0x10 sem_lock_and_putref+0x11/0x70 SYSC_semtimedop+0x7bf/0x960 ? handle_mm_fault+0xbf6/0x1880 ? dequeue_task_fair+0x79/0x4a0 ? __do_page_fault+0x19a/0x430 ? kfree_debugcheck+0x16/0x40 ? __do_page_fault+0x19a/0x430 ? __audit_syscall_entry+0xa8/0x100 ? do_audit_syscall_entry+0x66/0x70 ? syscall_trace_enter_phase1+0x139/0x160 SyS_semtimedop+0xe/0x10 SyS_semop+0x10/0x20 entry_SYSCALL_64_fastpath+0x12/0x71 Code: 47 10 83 e8 01 85 c0 89 47 10 75 08 65 48 89 3d 1f 74 ff 7e c9 c3 0f 1f 44 00 00 55 48 89 e5 e8 87 17 04 00 66 90 c9 c3 0f 1f 00 <55> 48 89 e5 0f 31 89 c1 48 89 d0 48 c1 e0 20 89 c9 48 09 c8 c9 Kernel panic - not syncing: softlockup: hung tasks I wasn't able to trigger any badness on a recent kernel without the proper config debugs enabled, however I have softlockup reports on some kernel versions, in the semaphore code, which are similar as above (the scenario is seen on some servers running IBM DB2 which uses semaphore syscalls). The patch here fixes the race against freeary, by acquiring or waiting on the sem_undo_list lock as necessary (exit_sem can race with freeary, while freeary sets un->semid to -1 and removes the same sem_undo from list_proc or when it removes the last sem_undo). After the patch I'm unable to reproduce the problem using the test case [1]. [1] Test case used below: #include <stdio.h> #include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/ipc.h> #include <sys/sem.h> #include <sys/wait.h> #include <stdlib.h> #include <time.h> #include <unistd.h> #include <errno.h> #define NSEM 1 #define NSET 5 int sid[NSET]; void thread() { struct sembuf op; int s; uid_t pid = getuid(); s = rand() % NSET; op.sem_num = pid % NSEM; op.sem_op = 1; op.sem_flg = SEM_UNDO; semop(sid[s], &op, 1); exit(EXIT_SUCCESS); } void create_set() { int i, j; pid_t p; union { int val; struct semid_ds *buf; unsigned short int *array; struct seminfo *__buf; } un; /* Create and initialize semaphore set */ for (i = 0; i < NSET; i++) { sid[i] = semget(IPC_PRIVATE , NSEM, 0644 | IPC_CREAT); if (sid[i] < 0) { perror("semget"); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } } un.val = 0; for (i = 0; i < NSET; i++) { for (j = 0; j < NSEM; j++) { if (semctl(sid[i], j, SETVAL, un) < 0) perror("semctl"); } } /* Launch threads that operate on semaphore set */ for (i = 0; i < NSEM * NSET * NSET; i++) { p = fork(); if (p < 0) perror("fork"); if (p == 0) thread(); } /* Free semaphore set */ for (i = 0; i < NSET; i++) { if (semctl(sid[i], NSEM, IPC_RMID)) perror("IPC_RMID"); } /* Wait for forked processes to exit */ while (wait(NULL)) { if (errno == ECHILD) break; }; } int main(int argc, char **argv) { pid_t p; srand(time(NULL)); while (1) { p = fork(); if (p < 0) { perror("fork"); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } if (p == 0) { create_set(); goto end; } /* Wait for forked processes to exit */ while (wait(NULL)) { if (errno == ECHILD) break; }; } end: return 0; } [akpm@linux-foundation.org: use normal comment layout] Signed-off-by: Herton R. Krzesinski <herton@redhat.com> Acked-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <dave@stgolabs.net> Cc: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com> CC: Aristeu Rozanski <aris@redhat.com> Cc: David Jeffery <djeffery@redhat.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-06-30ipc: rename ipc_obtain_objectDavidlohr Bueso1-2/+2
... to ipc_obtain_object_idr, which is more meaningful and makes the code slightly easier to follow. Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <dbueso@suse.de> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-04-15ipc: remove use of seq_printf return valueJoe Perches1-12/+14
The seq_printf return value, because it's frequently misused, will eventually be converted to void. See: commit 1f33c41c03da ("seq_file: Rename seq_overflow() to seq_has_overflowed() and make public") Signed-off-by: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-17ipc,sem: use current->state helpersDavidlohr Bueso1-1/+1
Call __set_current_state() instead of assigning the new state directly. These interfaces also aid CONFIG_DEBUG_ATOMIC_SLEEP environments, keeping track of who changed the state. Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <dbueso@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-12-13ipc/sem.c: change memory barrier in sem_lock() to smp_rmb()Manfred Spraul1-3/+10
When I fixed bugs in the sem_lock() logic, I was more conservative than necessary. Therefore it is safe to replace the smp_mb() with smp_rmb(). And: With smp_rmb(), semop() syscalls are up to 10% faster. The race we must protect against is: sem->lock is free sma->complex_count = 0 sma->sem_perm.lock held by thread B thread A: A: spin_lock(&sem->lock) B: sma->complex_count++; (now 1) B: spin_unlock(&sma->sem_perm.lock); A: spin_is_locked(&sma->sem_perm.lock); A: XXXXX memory barrier A: if (sma->complex_count == 0) Thread A must read the increased complex_count value, i.e. the read must not be reordered with the read of sem_perm.lock done by spin_is_locked(). Since it's about ordering of reads, smp_rmb() is sufficient. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: update sem_lock() comment, from Davidlohr] Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Reviewed-by: Davidlohr Bueso <dave@stgolabs.net> Acked-by: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-12-03ipc/sem.c: fully initialize sem_array before making it visibleManfred Spraul1-7/+8
ipc_addid() makes a new ipc identifier visible to everyone. New objects start as locked, so that the caller can complete the initialization after the call. Within struct sem_array, at least sma->sem_base and sma->sem_nsems are accessed without any locks, therefore this approach doesn't work. Thus: Move the ipc_addid() to the end of the initialization. Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Reported-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Acked-by: Davidlohr Bueso <dave@stgolabs.net> Acked-by: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-06-06ipc/sem.c: add a printk_once for semctl(GETNCNT/GETZCNT)Manfred Spraul1-0/+11
The actual Linux implementation for semctl(GETNCNT) and semctl(GETZCNT) always (since 0.99.10) reported a thread as sleeping on all semaphores that are listed in the semop() call. The documented behavior (both in the Linux man page and in the Single Unix Specification) is that a task should be reported on exactly one semaphore: The semaphore that caused the thread to got to sleep. This patch adds a pr_info_once() that is triggered if a thread hits the relevant case. The code triggers slightly too often, otherwise it would be necessary to replicate the old code. As there are no known users of GETNCNT or GETZCNT, this is done to prevent unnecessary bloat. The task that triggered is reported with name (tsk->comm) and pid. Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Acked-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com> Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-06-06ipc/sem.c: make semctl(,,{GETNCNT,GETZCNT}) standard compliantManfred Spraul1-21/+13
SUSv4 clearly defines how semncnt and semzcnt must be calculated: A task waits on exactly one semaphore: The semaphore from the first operation in the sop array that cannot proceed. The Linux implementation never followed the standard, it tried to count all semaphores that might be the reason why a task sleeps. This patch fixes that. Note: a) The implementation assumes that GETNCNT and GETZCNT are rare operations, therefore the code counts them only on demand. (If they wouldn't be rare, then the non-compliance would have been found earlier) b) compared to the initial version of the patch, the BUG_ONs were removed and it was clarified that the new behavior conforms to SUS. Back-compatibility concerns: Manfred: : - there is no application in Fedora that uses GETNCNT or GETZCNT. : : - application that use only single-sop semop() are also safe, the : difference only affects complex apps. : : - portable application are also safe, the new behavior is standard : compliant. : : But that's it. The old behavior existed in Linux from 0.99.something : until now. Michael: : * These operations seem to be very little used. Grepping the public : source that is contained Fedora 20 source DVD, there appear to be no : uses. Of course, this says nothing about uses in private / : non-mainstream FOSS code, but it seems likely that the same pattern : is followed there. : : * The existing behavior is hard enough to understand that I suspect : that no one understood it well enough to rely on it anyway : (especially as that behavior contradicted both man page and POSIX). : : So, there's a chance of breakage, but I estimate that it's minute. Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-06-06ipc/sem.c: store which operation blocks in perform_atomic_semop()Manfred Spraul1-0/+3
Preparation for the next patch: In the slow-path of perform_atomic_semop(), store a pointer to the operation that caused the operation to block. Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-06-06ipc/sem.c: change perform_atomic_semop parametersManfred Spraul1-19/+19
Right now, perform_atomic_semop gets the content of sem_queue as individual fields. Changes that, instead pass a pointer to sem_queue. This is a preparation for the next patch: it uses sem_queue to store the reason why a task must sleep. Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-06-06ipc/sem.c: remove code duplicationManfred Spraul1-56/+51
count_semzcnt and count_semncnt are more of less identical. The patch creates a single function that either counts the number of tasks waiting for zero or waiting due to a decrease operation. Compared to the initial version, the BUG_ONs were removed. Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-06-06ipc/sem.c: bugfix for semctl(,,GETZCNT)Manfred Spraul1-0/+10
GETZCNT is supposed to return the number of threads that wait until a semaphore value becomes 0. The current implementation overlooks complex operations that contain both wait-for-zero operation and operations that alter at least one semaphore. The patch fixes that. It's intentionally copy&paste, this will be cleaned up in the next patch. Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-06-06ipc, kernel: clear whitespacePaul McQuade1-5/+5
trailing whitespace Signed-off-by: Paul McQuade <paulmcquad@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-06-06ipc, kernel: use Linux headersPaul McQuade1-1/+1
Use #include <linux/uaccess.h> instead of <asm/uaccess.h> Use #include <linux/types.h> instead of <asm/types.h> Signed-off-by: Paul McQuade <paulmcquad@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-06-06ipc: constify ipc_opsMathias Krause1-5/+5
There is no need to recreate the very same ipc_ops structure on every kernel entry for msgget/semget/shmget. Just declare it static and be done with it. While at it, constify it as we don't modify the structure at runtime. Found in the PaX patch, written by the PaX Team. Signed-off-by: Mathias Krause <minipli@googlemail.com> Cc: PaX Team <pageexec@freemail.hu> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-27ipc: remove braces for single statementsDavidlohr Bueso1-5/+3
Deal with checkpatch messages: WARNING: braces {} are not necessary for single statement blocks Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Cc: Aswin Chandramouleeswaran <aswin@hp.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Acked-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-27ipc: standardize code commentsDavidlohr Bueso1-13/+11
IPC commenting style is all over the place, *specially* in util.c. This patch orders things a bit. Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Cc: Aswin Chandramouleeswaran <aswin@hp.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Acked-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-27ipc: whitespace cleanupManfred Spraul1-48/+48
The ipc code does not adhere the typical linux coding style. This patch fixes lots of simple whitespace errors. - mostly autogenerated by scripts/checkpatch.pl -f --fix \ --types=pointer_location,spacing,space_before_tab - one manual fixup (keep structure members tab-aligned) - removal of additional space_before_tab that were not found by --fix Tested with some of my msg and sem test apps. Andrew: Could you include it in -mm and move it towards Linus' tree? Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Suggested-by: Li Bin <huawei.libin@huawei.com> Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com> Acked-by: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-27ipc: change kern_ipc_perm.deleted type to boolRafael Aquini1-1/+1
struct kern_ipc_perm.deleted is meant to be used as a boolean toggle, and the changes introduced by this patch are just to make the case explicit. Signed-off-by: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com> Acked-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-27ipc: introduce ipc_valid_object() helper to sort out IPC_RMID racesRafael Aquini1-8/+16
After the locking semantics for the SysV IPC API got improved, a couple of IPC_RMID race windows were opened because we ended up dropping the 'kern_ipc_perm.deleted' check performed way down in ipc_lock(). The spotted races got sorted out by re-introducing the old test within the racy critical sections. This patch introduces ipc_valid_object() to consolidate the way we cope with IPC_RMID races by using the same abstraction across the API implementation. Signed-off-by: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com> Acked-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Acked-by: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com> Reviewed-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-01-27ipc/sem.c: avoid overflow of semop undo (semadj) valuePetr Mladek1-11/+13
When trying to understand semop code, I found a small mistake in the check for semadj (undo) value overflow. The new undo value is not stored immediately and next potential checks are done against the old value. The failing scenario is not much practical. One semop call has to do more operations on the same semaphore. Also semval and semadj must have different values, so there has to be some operations without SEM_UNDO flag. For example: struct sembuf depositor_op[1]; struct sembuf collector_op[2]; depositor_op[0].sem_num = 0; depositor_op[0].sem_op = 20000; depositor_op[0].sem_flg = 0; collector_op[0].sem_num = 0; collector_op[0].sem_op = -10000; collector_op[0].sem_flg = SEM_UNDO; collector_op[1].sem_num = 0; collector_op[1].sem_op = -10000; collector_op[1].sem_flg = SEM_UNDO; if (semop(semid, depositor_op, 1) == -1) { perror("Failed to do 1st deposit"); return 1; } if (semop(semid, collector_op, 2) == -1) { perror("Failed to do 1st collect"); return 1; } if (semop(semid, depositor_op, 1) == -1) { perror("Failed to do 2nd deposit"); return 1; } if (semop(semid, collector_op, 2) == -1) { perror("Failed to do 2nd collect"); return 1; } return 0; It passes without error now but the semadj value has overflown in the 2nd collector operation. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: restore lessened scope of local `undo'] [davidlohr@hp.com: correct header comment for perform_atomic_semop] Signed-off-by: Petr Mladek <pmladek@suse.cz> Acked-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Acked-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-10-16ipc/sem.c: synchronize semop and semctl with IPC_RMIDManfred Spraul1-13/+29
After acquiring the semlock spinlock, operations must test that the array is still valid. - semctl() and exit_sem() would walk stale linked lists (ugly, but should be ok: all lists are empty) - semtimedop() would sleep forever - and if woken up due to a signal - access memory after free. The patch also: - standardizes the tests for .deleted, so that all tests in one function leave the function with the same approach. - unconditionally tests for .deleted immediately after every call to sem_lock - even it it means that for semctl(GETALL), .deleted will be tested twice. Both changes make the review simpler: After every sem_lock, there must be a test of .deleted, followed by a goto to the cleanup code (if the function uses "goto cleanup"). The only exception is semctl_down(): If sem_ids().rwsem is locked, then the presence in ids->ipcs_idr is equivalent to !.deleted, thus no additional test is required. Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Acked-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-09-30ipc/sem.c: update sem_otime for all operationsManfred Spraul1-13/+29
In commit 0a2b9d4c7967 ("ipc/sem.c: move wake_up_process out of the spinlock section"), the update of semaphore's sem_otime(last semop time) was moved to one central position (do_smart_update). But since do_smart_update() is only called for operations that modify the array, this means that wait-for-zero semops do not update sem_otime anymore. The fix is simple: Non-alter operations must update sem_otime. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Reported-by: Jia He <jiakernel@gmail.com> Tested-by: Jia He <jiakernel@gmail.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-09-30ipc/sem.c: synchronize the proc interfaceManfred Spraul1-0/+8
The proc interface is not aware of sem_lock(), it instead calls ipc_lock_object() directly. This means that simple semop() operations can run in parallel with the proc interface. Right now, this is uncritical, because the implementation doesn't do anything that requires a proper synchronization. But it is dangerous and therefore should be fixed. Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Cc: Mike Galbraith <efault@gmx.de> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-09-30ipc/sem.c: optimize sem_lock()Manfred Spraul1-0/+8
Operations that need access to the whole array must guarantee that there are no simple operations ongoing. Right now this is achieved by spin_unlock_wait(sem->lock) on all semaphores. If complex_count is nonzero, then this spin_unlock_wait() is not necessary, because it was already performed in the past by the thread that increased complex_count and even though sem_perm.lock was dropped inbetween, no simple operation could have started, because simple operations cannot start when complex_count is non-zero. Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Mike Galbraith <bitbucket@online.de> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-09-30ipc/sem.c: fix race in sem_lock()Manfred Spraul1-44/+78
The exclusion of complex operations in sem_lock() is insufficient: after acquiring the per-semaphore lock, a simple op must first check that sem_perm.lock is not locked and only after that test check complex_count. The current code does it the other way around - and that creates a race. Details are below. The patch is a complete rewrite of sem_lock(), based in part on the code from Mike Galbraith. It removes all gotos and all loops and thus the risk of livelocks. I have tested the patch (together with the next one) on my i3 laptop and it didn't cause any problems. The bug is probably also present in 3.10 and 3.11, but for these kernels it might be simpler just to move the test of sma->complex_count after the spin_is_locked() test. Details of the bug: Assume: - sma->complex_count = 0. - Thread 1: semtimedop(complex op that must sleep) - Thread 2: semtimedop(simple op). Pseudo-Trace: Thread 1: sem_lock(): acquire sem_perm.lock Thread 1: sem_lock(): check for ongoing simple ops Nothing ongoing, thread 2 is still before sem_lock(). Thread 1: try_atomic_semop() <<< preempted. Thread 2: sem_lock(): static inline int sem_lock(struct sem_array *sma, struct sembuf *sops, int nsops) { int locknum; again: if (nsops == 1 && !sma->complex_count) { struct sem *sem = sma->sem_base + sops->sem_num; /* Lock just the semaphore we are interested in. */ spin_lock(&sem->lock); /* * If sma->complex_count was set while we were spinning, * we may need to look at things we did not lock here. */ if (unlikely(sma->complex_count)) { spin_unlock(&sem->lock); goto lock_array; } <<<<<<<<< <<< complex_count is still 0. <<< <<< Here it is preempted <<<<<<<<< Thread 1: try_atomic_semop() returns, notices that it must sleep. Thread 1: increases sma->complex_count. Thread 1: drops sem_perm.lock Thread 2: /* * Another process is holding the global lock on the * sem_array; we cannot enter our critical section, * but have to wait for the global lock to be released. */ if (unlikely(spin_is_locked(&sma->sem_perm.lock))) { spin_unlock(&sem->lock); spin_unlock_wait(&sma->sem_perm.lock); goto again; } <<< sem_perm.lock already dropped, thus no "goto again;" locknum = sops->sem_num; Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Mike Galbraith <bitbucket@online.de> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [3.10+] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-09-24ipc: fix race with LSMsDavidlohr Bueso1-16/+18
Currently, IPC mechanisms do security and auditing related checks under RCU. However, since security modules can free the security structure, for example, through selinux_[sem,msg_queue,shm]_free_security(), we can race if the structure is freed before other tasks are done with it, creating a use-after-free condition. Manfred illustrates this nicely, for instance with shared mem and selinux: -> do_shmat calls rcu_read_lock() -> do_shmat calls shm_object_check(). Checks that the object is still valid - but doesn't acquire any locks. Then it returns. -> do_shmat calls security_shm_shmat (e.g. selinux_shm_shmat) -> selinux_shm_shmat calls ipc_has_perm() -> ipc_has_perm accesses ipc_perms->security shm_close() -> shm_close acquires rw_mutex & shm_lock -> shm_close calls shm_destroy -> shm_destroy calls security_shm_free (e.g. selinux_shm_free_security) -> selinux_shm_free_security calls ipc_free_security(&shp->shm_perm) -> ipc_free_security calls kfree(ipc_perms->security) This patch delays the freeing of the security structures after all RCU readers are done. Furthermore it aligns the security life cycle with that of the rest of IPC - freeing them based on the reference counter. For situations where we need not free security, the current behavior is kept. Linus states: "... the old behavior was suspect for another reason too: having the security blob go away from under a user sounds like it could cause various other problems anyway, so I think the old code was at least _prone_ to bugs even if it didn't have catastrophic behavior." I have tested this patch with IPC testcases from LTP on both my quad-core laptop and on a 64 core NUMA server. In both cases selinux is enabled, and tests pass for both voluntary and forced preemption models. While the mentioned races are theoretical (at least no one as reported them), I wanted to make sure that this new logic doesn't break anything we weren't aware of. Suggested-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com> Acked-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-09-11ipc: rename ids->rw_mutexDavidlohr Bueso1-12/+12
Since in some situations the lock can be shared for readers, we shouldn't be calling it a mutex, rename it to rwsem. Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Tested-by: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@gmail.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-07-09ipc/sem.c: rename try_atomic_semop() to perform_atomic_semop(), docu updateManfred Spraul1-11/+21
Cleanup: Some minor points that I noticed while writing the previous patches 1) The name try_atomic_semop() is misleading: The function performs the operation (if it is possible). 2) Some documentation updates. No real code change, a rename and documentation changes. Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-07-09ipc/sem.c: replace shared sem_otime with per-semaphore valueManfred Spraul1-6/+31
sem_otime contains the time of the last semaphore operation that completed successfully. Every operation updates this value, thus access from multiple cpus can cause thrashing. Therefore the patch replaces the variable with a per-semaphore variable. The per-array sem_otime is only calculated when required. No performance improvement on a single-socket i3 - only important for larger systems. Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-07-09ipc/sem.c: always use only one queue for alter operationsManfred Spraul1-40/+88
There are two places that can contain alter operations: - the global queue: sma->pending_alter - the per-semaphore queues: sma->sem_base[].pending_alter. Since one of the queues must be processed first, this causes an odd priorization of the wakeups: complex operations have priority over simple ops. The patch restores the behavior of linux <=3.0.9: The longest waiting operation has the highest priority. This is done by using only one queue: - if there are complex ops, then sma->pending_alter is used. - otherwise, the per-semaphore queues are used. As a side effect, do_smart_update_queue() becomes much simpler: no more goto logic. Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-07-09ipc/sem: separate wait-for-zero and alter tasks into seperate queuesManfred Spraul1-60/+151
Introduce separate queues for operations that do not modify the semaphore values. Advantages: - Simpler logic in check_restart(). - Faster update_queue(): Right now, all wait-for-zero operations are always tested, even if the semaphore value is not 0. - wait-for-zero gets again priority, as in linux <=3.0.9 Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-07-09ipc/sem.c: cacheline align the semaphore structuresManfred Spraul1-1/+1
As now each semaphore has its own spinlock and parallel operations are possible, give each semaphore its own cacheline. On a i3 laptop, this gives up to 28% better performance: #semscale 10 | grep "interleave 2" - before: Cpus 1, interleave 2 delay 0: 36109234 in 10 secs Cpus 2, interleave 2 delay 0: 55276317 in 10 secs Cpus 3, interleave 2 delay 0: 62411025 in 10 secs Cpus 4, interleave 2 delay 0: 81963928 in 10 secs -after: Cpus 1, interleave 2 delay 0: 35527306 in 10 secs Cpus 2, interleave 2 delay 0: 70922909 in 10 secs <<< + 28% Cpus 3, interleave 2 delay 0: 80518538 in 10 secs Cpus 4, interleave 2 delay 0: 89115148 in 10 secs <<< + 8.7% i3, with 2 cores and with hyperthreading enabled. Interleave 2 in order use first the full cores. HT partially hides the delay from cacheline trashing, thus the improvement is "only" 8.7% if 4 threads are running. Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-07-09ipc: remove unused functionsDavidlohr Bueso1-1/+0
We can now drop the msg_lock and msg_lock_check functions along with a bogus comment introduced previously in semctl_down. Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-07-09ipc: move locking out of ipcctl_pre_down_nolockDavidlohr Bueso1-11/+16
This function currently acquires both the rw_mutex and the rcu lock on successful lookups, leaving the callers to explicitly unlock them, creating another two level locking situation. Make the callers (including those that still use ipcctl_pre_down()) explicitly lock and unlock the rwsem and rcu lock. Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-07-09ipc: close open coded spin lock callsDavidlohr Bueso1-7/+7
Signed-off-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-05-26ipc/sem.c: Fix missing wakeups in do_smart_update_queue()Manfred Spraul1-5/+22
do_smart_update_queue() is called when an operation (semop, semctl(SETVAL), semctl(SETALL), ...) modified the array. It must check which of the sleeping tasks can proceed. do_smart_update_queue() missed a few wakeups: - if a sleeping complex op was completed, then all per-semaphore queues must be scanned - not only those that were modified by *sops - if a sleeping simple op proceeded, then the global queue must be scanned again And: - the test for "|sops == NULL) before scanning the global queue is not required: If the global queue is empty, then it doesn't need to be scanned - regardless of the reason for calling do_smart_update_queue() The patch is not optimized, i.e. even completing a wait-for-zero operation causes a rescan. This is done to keep the patch as simple as possible. Signed-off-by: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com> Acked-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-05-09ipc,sem: fix semctl(..., GETNCNT)Rik van Riel1-0/+7
The semctl GETNCNT returns the number of semops waiting for the specified semaphore to become nonzero. After commit 9f1bc2c9022c ("ipc,sem: have only one list in struct sem_queue"), the semops waiting on just one semaphore are waiting on that semaphore's list. In order to return the correct count, we have to walk that list too, in addition to the sem_array's list for complex operations. Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-05-09ipc,sem: fix semctl(..., GETZCNT)Rik van Riel1-0/+7
The semctl GETZCNT returns the number of semops waiting for the specified semaphore to become zero. After commit 9f1bc2c9022c ("ipc,sem: have only one list in struct sem_queue"), the semops waiting on just one semaphore are waiting on that semaphore's list. In order to return the correct count, we have to walk that list too, in addition to the sem_array's list for complex operations. This bug broke dbench; it works again with this patch applied. Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Reported-by: Kent Overstreet <koverstreet@google.com> Tested-by: Kent Overstreet <koverstreet@google.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-05-04ipc: simplify rcu_read_lock() in semctl_nolock()Linus Torvalds1-2/+1
This trivially combines two rcu_read_lock() calls in both sides of a if-statement into one single one in front of the if-statement. Split out as an independent cleanup from the previous commit. Acked-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-05-04ipc: simplify semtimedop/semctl_main() common error path handlingLinus Torvalds1-27/+14
With various straight RCU lock/unlock movements, one common exit path pattern had become rcu_read_unlock(); goto out_wakeup; and in fact there were no cases where we wanted to exit to out_wakeup _without_ releasing the RCU read lock. So replace that pattern with "goto out_rcu_wakeup", and remove the old out_wakeup. Acked-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-05-04ipc: move sem_obtain_lock() rcu locking into the only callerLinus Torvalds1-9/+7
sem_obtain_lock() was another of those functions that returned with the RCU lock held for reading in the success case. Move the RCU locking to the caller (semtimedop()), making it more obvious. We already did RCU locking elsewhere in that function. Side note: why does semtimedop() re-do the semphore lookup after the sleep, rather than just getting a reference to the semaphore it already looked up originally? Acked-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-05-04ipc: fix double sem unlock in semctl error pathLinus Torvalds1-1/+1
Fix another ipc locking buglet introduced by the scalability patches: when semctl_down() was changed to delay the semaphore locking, one error path for security_sem_semctl() went through the semaphore unlock logic even though the semaphore had never been locked. Introduced by commit 16df3674efe3 ("ipc,sem: do not hold ipc lock more than necessary") Acked-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-05-04ipc: move the rcu_read_lock() from sem_lock_and_putref() into callersLinus Torvalds1-2/+3
This is another ipc semaphore locking cleanup, trying to make the locking more straightforward. We move the rcu read locking into the callers of sem_lock_and_putref(), which in general means that we now mostly do the rcu_read_lock() and rcu_read_unlock() in the same function. Mostly. We still have the ipc_addid/newary/freeary mess, and things like ipcctl_pre_down_nolock(). Acked-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-05-04ipc: sem_putref() does not need the semaphore lock any moreLinus Torvalds1-3/+1
ipc_rcu_putref() uses atomics for the refcount, and the games to lock and unlock the semaphore just to try to keep the reference counting working are no longer useful. Acked-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-05-04ipc: move rcu_read_unlock() out of sem_unlock() and into callersLinus Torvalds1-2/+17
The IPC locking is a mess, and sem_unlock() unlocks not only the semaphore spinlock, it also drops the rcu read lock. Unlike sem_lock(), which just gets the spin-lock, and expects the caller to get the rcu read lock. This all makes things very hard to follow, and it's very confusing when you take the rcu read lock in one function, and then release it in another. And it has caused actual bugs: the sem_obtain_lock() function ended up dropping the RCU read lock twice in one error path, because it first did the sem_unlock(), and then did a rcu_read_unlock() to match the rcu_read_lock() it had done. This is just a totally mindless "remove rcu_read_unlock() from sem_unlock() and add it immediately after each caller" (except for the aforementioned bug where we did too many rcu_read_unlock(), and in find_alloc_undo() where we just got the rcu_read_lock() to correct for the fact that sem_unlock would immediately drop it again). We can (and should) clean things up further, but this fixes the bug with the minimal amount of subtlety. Reviewed-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-05-02ipc: fix GETALL/IPC_RM race for sysv semaphoresAl Viro1-21/+8
We can step on WARN_ON_ONCE() in sem_getref() if a semaphore is removed just as we are about to call sem_getref() from semctl_main(); results are not pretty. We should fail with -EIDRM, same as if IPC_RM happened while we'd been doing allocation there. This also expands sem_getref() at its only callsite (and fixed there), while sem_getref_and_unlock() is simply killed off - it has no callers at all. Signed-off-by: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Acked-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-05-01ipc,sem: fine grained locking for semtimedopRik van Riel1-100/+171
Introduce finer grained locking for semtimedop, to handle the common case of a program wanting to manipulate one semaphore from an array with multiple semaphores. If the call is a semop manipulating just one semaphore in an array with multiple semaphores, only take the lock for that semaphore itself. If the call needs to manipulate multiple semaphores, or another caller is in a transaction that manipulates multiple semaphores, the sem_array lock is taken, as well as all the locks for the individual semaphores. On a 24 CPU system, performance numbers with the semop-multi test with N threads and N semaphores, look like this: vanilla Davidlohr's Davidlohr's + Davidlohr's + threads patches rwlock patches v3 patches 10 610652 726325 1783589 2142206 20 341570 365699 1520453 1977878 30 288102 307037 1498167 2037995 40 290714 305955 1612665 2256484 50 288620 312890 1733453 2650292 60 289987 306043 1649360 2388008 70 291298 306347 1723167 2717486 80 290948 305662 1729545 2763582 90 290996 306680 1736021 2757524 100 292243 306700 1773700 3059159 [davidlohr.bueso@hp.com: do not call sem_lock when bogus sma] [davidlohr.bueso@hp.com: make refcounter atomic] Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com> Suggested-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Acked-by: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr.bueso@hp.com> Cc: Chegu Vinod <chegu_vinod@hp.com> Cc: Jason Low <jason.low2@hp.com> Reviewed-by: Michel Lespinasse <walken@google.com> Cc: Peter Hurley <peter@hurleysoftware.com> Cc: Stanislav Kinsbursky <skinsbursky@parallels.com> Tested-by: Emmanuel Benisty <benisty.e@gmail.com> Tested-by: Sedat Dilek <sedat.dilek@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

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