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2015-02-13lib/idr.c: remove redundant includeRasmus Villemoes1-1/+0
idr.c doesn't seem to use anything from hardirq.h (or anything included from that). Removing it produces identical objdump -d output, and gives 44 fewer lines in the .idr.o.cmd dependency file. Signed-off-by: Rasmus Villemoes <linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-10-08Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-1/+1
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jikos/trivial Pull "trivial tree" updates from Jiri Kosina: "Usual pile from trivial tree everyone is so eagerly waiting for" * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jikos/trivial: (39 commits) Remove MN10300_PROC_MN2WS0038 mei: fix comments treewide: Fix typos in Kconfig kprobes: update jprobe_example.c for do_fork() change Documentation: change "&" to "and" in Documentation/applying-patches.txt Documentation: remove obsolete pcmcia-cs from Changes Documentation: update links in Changes Documentation: Docbook: Fix generated DocBook/kernel-api.xml score: Remove GENERIC_HAS_IOMAP gpio: fix 'CONFIG_GPIO_IRQCHIP' comments tty: doc: Fix grammar in serial/tty dma-debug: modify check_for_stack output treewide: fix errors in printk genirq: fix reference in devm_request_threaded_irq comment treewide: fix synchronize_rcu() in comments checkstack.pl: port to AArch64 doc: queue-sysfs: minor fixes init/do_mounts: better syntax description MIPS: fix comment spelling powerpc/simpleboot: fix comment ...
2014-09-09Documentation: Docbook: Fix generated DocBook/kernel-api.xmlMasanari Iida1-1/+1
This patch fix spelling typo found in DocBook/kernel-api.xml. It is because the file is generated from the source comments, I have to fix the comments in source codes. Signed-off-by: Masanari Iida <standby24x7@gmail.com> Acked-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2014-08-08lib/idr.c: fix out-of-bounds pointer dereferenceAndrey Ryabinin1-11/+14
I'm working on address sanitizer project for kernel. Recently we started experiments with stack instrumentation, to detect out-of-bounds read/write bugs on stack. Just after booting I've hit out-of-bounds read on stack in idr_for_each (and in __idr_remove_all as well): struct idr_layer **paa = &pa[0]; while (id >= 0 && id <= max) { ... while (n < fls(id)) { n += IDR_BITS; p = *--paa; <--- here we are reading pa[-1] value. } } Despite the fact that after this dereference we are exiting out of loop and never use p, such behaviour is undefined and should be avoided. Fix this by moving pointer derference to the beggining of the loop, right before we will use it. Signed-off-by: Andrey Ryabinin <a.ryabinin@samsung.com> Reviewed-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Alexey Preobrazhensky <preobr@google.com> Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-06-06idr: reduce the unneeded check in free_layer()Lai Jiangshan1-1/+1
If "idr->hint == p" is true, it also implies "idr->hint" is true(not NULL). Signed-off-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-06-06idr: don't need to shink the free list when idr_remove()Lai Jiangshan1-16/+0
After idr subsystem is changed to RCU-awared, the free layer will not go to the free list. The free list will not be filled up when idr_remove(). So we don't need to shink it too. Signed-off-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-06-06idr: fix idr_replace()'s returned error codeLai Jiangshan1-2/+2
When the smaller id is not found, idr_replace() returns -ENOENT. But when the id is bigger enough, idr_replace() returns -EINVAL, actually there is no difference between these two kinds of ids. These are all unallocated id, the return values of the idr_replace() for these ids should be the same: -ENOENT. Signed-off-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-06-06idr: fix NULL pointer dereference when ida_remove(unallocated_id)Lai Jiangshan1-1/+1
If the ida has at least one existing id, and when an unallocated ID which meets a certain condition is passed to the ida_remove(), the system will crash because it hits NULL pointer dereference. The condition is that the unallocated ID shares the same lowest idr layer with the existing ID, but the idr slot would be different if the unallocated ID were to be allocated. In this case the matching idr slot for the unallocated_id is NULL, causing @bitmap to be NULL which the function dereferences without checking crashing the kernel. See the test code: static void test3(void) { int id; DEFINE_IDA(test_ida); printk(KERN_INFO "Start test3\n"); if (ida_pre_get(&test_ida, GFP_KERNEL) < 0) return; if (ida_get_new(&test_ida, &id) < 0) return; ida_remove(&test_ida, 4000); /* bug: null deference here */ printk(KERN_INFO "End of test3\n"); } It happens only when the caller tries to free an unallocated ID which is the caller's fault. It is not a bug. But it is better to add the proper check and complain rather than crashing the kernel. [tj@kernel.org: updated patch description] Signed-off-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-06-06idr: fix unexpected ID-removal when idr_remove(unallocated_id)Lai Jiangshan1-0/+8
If unallocated_id = (ANY * idr_max(idp->layers) + existing_id) is passed to idr_remove(). The existing_id will be removed unexpectedly. The following test shows this unexpected id-removal: static void test4(void) { int id; DEFINE_IDR(test_idr); printk(KERN_INFO "Start test4\n"); id = idr_alloc(&test_idr, (void *)1, 42, 43, GFP_KERNEL); BUG_ON(id != 42); idr_remove(&test_idr, 42 + IDR_SIZE); TEST_BUG_ON(idr_find(&test_idr, 42) != (void *)1); idr_destroy(&test_idr); printk(KERN_INFO "End of test4\n"); } ida_remove() shares the similar problem. It happens only when the caller tries to free an unallocated ID which is the caller's fault. It is not a bug. But it is better to add the proper check and complain rather than removing an existing_id silently. Signed-off-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-06-06idr: fix overflow bug during maximum ID calculation at maximum heightLai Jiangshan1-5/+3
idr_replace() open-codes the logic to calculate the maximum valid ID given the height of the idr tree; unfortunately, the open-coded logic doesn't account for the fact that the top layer may have unused slots and over-shifts the limit to zero when the tree is at its maximum height. The following test code shows it fails to replace the value for id=((1<<27)+42): static void test5(void) { int id; DEFINE_IDR(test_idr); #define TEST5_START ((1<<27)+42) /* use the highest layer */ printk(KERN_INFO "Start test5\n"); id = idr_alloc(&test_idr, (void *)1, TEST5_START, 0, GFP_KERNEL); BUG_ON(id != TEST5_START); TEST_BUG_ON(idr_replace(&test_idr, (void *)2, TEST5_START) != (void *)1); idr_destroy(&test_idr); printk(KERN_INFO "End of test5\n"); } Fix the bug by using idr_max() which correctly takes into account the maximum allowed shift. sub_alloc() shares the same problem and may incorrectly fail with -EAGAIN; however, this bug doesn't affect correct operation because idr_get_empty_slot(), which already uses idr_max(), retries with the increased @id in such cases. [tj@kernel.org: Updated patch description.] Signed-off-by: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-04-07lib/idr.c: use RCU_INIT_POINTER(x, NULL)Monam Agarwal1-2/+2
Replace rcu_assign_pointer(x, NULL) with RCU_INIT_POINTER(x, NULL) The rcu_assign_pointer() ensures that the initialization of a structure is carried out before storing a pointer to that structure. And in the case of the NULL pointer, there is no structure to initialize. So, rcu_assign_pointer(p, NULL) can be safely converted to RCU_INIT_POINTER(p, NULL) Signed-off-by: Monam Agarwal <monamagarwal123@gmail.com> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-04-07idr: remove dead codeStephen Hemminger1-18/+2
Remove no longer used deprecated code, and make local functions static. Signed-off-by: Stephen Hemminger <stephen@networkplumber.org> Acked-by: Jean Delvare <jdelvare@suse.de> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Jeff Layton <jlayton@redhat.com> Cc: Philipp Reisner <philipp.reisner@linbit.com> Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk> Cc: George Spelvin <linux@horizon.com> Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2014-02-17idr: Add new function idr_is_empty()Andreas Gruenbacher1-0/+10
Signed-off-by: Andreas Gruenbacher <agruen@linbit.com> Signed-off-by: Philipp Reisner <philipp.reisner@linbit.com>
2013-07-03idr: print a stack dump after ida_remove warningJean Delvare1-5/+2
We print a dump stack after idr_remove warning. This is useful to find the faulty piece of code. Let's do the same for ida_remove, as it would be equally useful there. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: convert the open-coded printk+dump_stack into WARN()] Signed-off-by: Jean Delvare <jdelvare@suse.de> Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Takashi Iwai <tiwai@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-04-30idr: introduce idr_alloc_cyclic()Jeff Layton1-0/+27
As Tejun points out, there are several users of the IDR facility that attempt to use it in a cyclic fashion. These users are likely to see -ENOSPC errors after the counter wraps one or more times however. This patchset adds a new idr_alloc_cyclic routine and converts several of these users to it. Many of these users are in obscure parts of the kernel, and I don't have a good way to test some of them. The change is pretty straightforward though, so hopefully it won't be an issue. There is one other cyclic user of idr_alloc that I didn't touch in ipc/util.c. That one is doing some strange stuff that I didn't quite understand, but it looks like it should probably be converted later somehow. This patch: Thus spake Tejun Heo: Ooh, BTW, the cyclic allocation is broken. It's prone to -ENOSPC after the first wraparound. There are several cyclic users in the kernel and I think it probably would be best to implement cyclic support in idr. This patch does that by adding new idr_alloc_cyclic function that such users in the kernel can use. With this, there's no need for a caller to keep track of the last value used as that's now tracked internally. This should prevent the ENOSPC problems that can hit when the "last allocated" counter exceeds INT_MAX. Later patches will convert existing cyclic users to the new interface. Signed-off-by: Jeff Layton <jlayton@redhat.com> Reviewed-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: "J. Bruce Fields" <bfields@fieldses.org> Cc: Eric Paris <eparis@parisplace.org> Cc: Jack Morgenstein <jackm@dev.mellanox.co.il> Cc: John McCutchan <john@johnmccutchan.com> Cc: Neil Horman <nhorman@tuxdriver.com> Cc: Or Gerlitz <ogerlitz@mellanox.com> Cc: Robert Love <rlove@rlove.org> Cc: Roland Dreier <roland@purestorage.com> Cc: Sridhar Samudrala <sri@us.ibm.com> Cc: Steve Wise <swise@opengridcomputing.com> Cc: Tom Tucker <tom@opengridcomputing.com> Cc: Vlad Yasevich <vyasevich@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-03-13idr: idr_alloc() shouldn't trigger lowmem warning when preloadedTejun Heo1-13/+25
GFP_NOIO is often used for idr_alloc() inside preloaded section as the allocation mask doesn't really matter. If the idr tree needs to be expanded, idr_alloc() first tries to allocate using the specified allocation mask and if it fails falls back to the preloaded buffer. This order prevent non-preloading idr_alloc() users from taking advantage of preloading ones by using preload buffer without filling it shifting the burden of allocation to the preload users. Unfortunately, this allowed/expected-to-fail kmem_cache allocation ends up generating spurious slab lowmem warning before succeeding the request from the preload buffer. This patch makes idr_layer_alloc() add __GFP_NOWARN to the first kmem_cache attempt and try kmem_cache again w/o __GFP_NOWARN after allocation from preload_buffer fails so that lowmem warning is generated if not suppressed by the original @gfp_mask. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Reported-by: David Teigland <teigland@redhat.com> Tested-by: David Teigland <teigland@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-03-13idr: deprecate idr_pre_get() and idr_get_new[_above]()Tejun Heo1-36/+5
Now that all in-kernel users are converted to ues the new alloc interface, mark the old interface deprecated. We should be able to remove these in a few releases. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-03-13idr: fix new kernel-doc warningsRandy Dunlap1-1/+0
Fix new kernel-doc warnings in idr: Warning(include/linux/idr.h:113): No description found for parameter 'idr' Warning(include/linux/idr.h:113): Excess function parameter 'idp' description in 'idr_find' Warning(lib/idr.c:232): Excess function parameter 'id' description in 'sub_alloc' Warning(lib/idr.c:232): Excess function parameter 'id' description in 'sub_alloc' Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-03-08idr: remove WARN_ON_ONCE() on negative IDsTejun Heo1-13/+3
idr_find(), idr_remove() and idr_replace() used to silently ignore the sign bit and perform lookup with the rest of the bits. The weird behavior has been changed such that negative IDs are treated as invalid. As the behavior change was subtle, WARN_ON_ONCE() was added in the hope of determining who's calling idr functions with negative IDs so that they can be examined for problems. Up until now, all two reported cases are ID number coming directly from userland and getting fed into idr_find() and the warnings seem to cause more problems than being helpful. Drop the WARN_ON_ONCE()s. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Reported-by: <markus@trippelsdorf.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-28idr: explain WARN_ON_ONCE() on negative IDs out-of-range IDTejun Heo1-0/+10
Until recently, when an negative ID is specified, idr functions used to ignore the sign bit and proceeded with the operation with the rest of bits, which is bizarre and error-prone. The behavior recently got changed so that negative IDs are treated as invalid but we're triggering WARN_ON_ONCE() on negative IDs just in case somebody was depending on the sign bit being ignored, so that those can be detected and fixed easily. We only need this for a while. Explain why WARN_ON_ONCE()s are there and that they can be removed later. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Acked-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-28idr: implement lookup hintTejun Heo1-22/+16
While idr lookup isn't a particularly heavy operation, it still is too substantial to use in hot paths without worrying about the performance implications. With recent changes, each idr_layer covers 256 slots which should be enough to cover most use cases with single idr_layer making lookup hint very attractive. This patch adds idr->hint which points to the idr_layer which allocated an ID most recently and the fast path lookup becomes if (look up target's prefix matches that of the hinted layer) return hint->ary[ID's offset in the leaf layer]; which can be inlined. idr->hint is set to the leaf node on idr_fill_slot() and cleared from free_layer(). [andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com: always do slow path when hint is uninitialized] Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com> Cc: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-28idr: add idr_layer->prefixTejun Heo1-0/+13
Add a field which carries the prefix of ID the idr_layer covers. This will be used to implement lookup hint. This patch doesn't make use of the new field and doesn't introduce any behavior difference. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-28idr: remove length restriction from idr_layer->bitmapTejun Heo1-17/+17
Currently, idr->bitmap is declared as an unsigned long which restricts the number of bits an idr_layer can contain. All bitops can handle arbitrary positive integer bit number and there's no reason for this restriction. Declare idr_layer->bitmap using DECLARE_BITMAP() instead of a single unsigned long. * idr_layer->bitmap is now an array. '&' dropped from params to bitops. * Replaced "== IDR_FULL" tests with bitmap_full() and removed IDR_FULL. * Replaced find_next_bit() on ~bitmap with find_next_zero_bit(). * Replaced "bitmap = 0" with bitmap_clear(). This patch doesn't (or at least shouldn't) introduce any behavior changes. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: checkpatch fixes] Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-28idr: remove MAX_IDR_MASK and move left MAX_IDR_* into idr.cTejun Heo1-7/+17
MAX_IDR_MASK is another weirdness in the idr interface. As idr covers whole positive integer range, it's defined as 0x7fffffff or INT_MAX. Its usage in idr_find(), idr_replace() and idr_remove() is bizarre. They basically mask off the sign bit and operate on the rest, so if the caller, by accident, passes in a negative number, the sign bit will be masked off and the remaining part will be used as if that was the input, which is worse than crashing. The constant is visible in idr.h and there are several users in the kernel. * drivers/i2c/i2c-core.c:i2c_add_numbered_adapter() Basically used to test if adap->nr is a negative number which isn't -1 and returns -EINVAL if so. idr_alloc() already has negative @start checking (w/ WARN_ON_ONCE), so this can go away. * drivers/infiniband/core/cm.c:cm_alloc_id() drivers/infiniband/hw/mlx4/cm.c:id_map_alloc() Used to wrap cyclic @start. Can be replaced with max(next, 0). Note that this type of cyclic allocation using idr is buggy. These are prone to spurious -ENOSPC failure after the first wraparound. * fs/super.c:get_anon_bdev() The ID allocated from ida is masked off before being tested whether it's inside valid range. ida allocated ID can never be a negative number and the masking is unnecessary. Update idr_*() functions to fail with -EINVAL when negative @id is specified and update other MAX_IDR_MASK users as described above. This leaves MAX_IDR_MASK without any user, remove it and relocate other MAX_IDR_* constants to lib/idr.c. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Jean Delvare <khali@linux-fr.org> Cc: Roland Dreier <roland@kernel.org> Cc: Sean Hefty <sean.hefty@intel.com> Cc: Hal Rosenstock <hal.rosenstock@gmail.com> Cc: "Marciniszyn, Mike" <mike.marciniszyn@intel.com> Cc: Jack Morgenstein <jackm@dev.mellanox.co.il> Cc: Or Gerlitz <ogerlitz@mellanox.com> Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk> Acked-by: Wolfram Sang <wolfram@the-dreams.de> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-28idr: fix top layer handlingTejun Heo1-15/+23
Most functions in idr fail to deal with the high bits when the idr tree grows to the maximum height. * idr_get_empty_slot() stops growing idr tree once the depth reaches MAX_IDR_LEVEL - 1, which is one depth shallower than necessary to cover the whole range. The function doesn't even notice that it didn't grow the tree enough and ends up allocating the wrong ID given sufficiently high @starting_id. For example, on 64 bit, if the starting id is 0x7fffff01, idr_get_empty_slot() will grow the tree 5 layer deep, which only covers the 30 bits and then proceed to allocate as if the bit 30 wasn't specified. It ends up allocating 0x3fffff01 without the bit 30 but still returns 0x7fffff01. * __idr_remove_all() will not remove anything if the tree is fully grown. * idr_find() can't find anything if the tree is fully grown. * idr_for_each() and idr_get_next() can't iterate anything if the tree is fully grown. Fix it by introducing idr_max() which returns the maximum possible ID given the depth of tree and replacing the id limit checks in all affected places. As the idr_layer pointer array pa[] needs to be 1 larger than the maximum depth, enlarge pa[] arrays by one. While this plugs the discovered issues, the whole code base is horrible and in desparate need of rewrite. It's fragile like hell, Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-28idr: implement idr_preload[_end]() and idr_alloc()Tejun Heo1-8/+166
The current idr interface is very cumbersome. * For all allocations, two function calls - idr_pre_get() and idr_get_new*() - should be made. * idr_pre_get() doesn't guarantee that the following idr_get_new*() will not fail from memory shortage. If idr_get_new*() returns -EAGAIN, the caller is expected to retry pre_get and allocation. * idr_get_new*() can't enforce upper limit. Upper limit can only be enforced by allocating and then freeing if above limit. * idr_layer buffer is unnecessarily per-idr. Each idr ends up keeping around MAX_IDR_FREE idr_layers. The memory consumed per idr is under two pages but it makes it difficult to make idr_layer larger. This patch implements the following new set of allocation functions. * idr_preload[_end]() - Similar to radix preload but doesn't fail. The first idr_alloc() inside preload section can be treated as if it were called with @gfp_mask used for idr_preload(). * idr_alloc() - Allocate an ID w/ lower and upper limits. Takes @gfp_flags and can be used w/o preloading. When used inside preloaded section, the allocation mask of preloading can be assumed. If idr_alloc() can be called from a context which allows sufficiently relaxed @gfp_mask, it can be used by itself. If, for example, idr_alloc() is called inside spinlock protected region, preloading can be used like the following. idr_preload(GFP_KERNEL); spin_lock(lock); id = idr_alloc(idr, ptr, start, end, GFP_NOWAIT); spin_unlock(lock); idr_preload_end(); if (id < 0) error; which is much simpler and less error-prone than idr_pre_get and idr_get_new*() loop. The new interface uses per-pcu idr_layer buffer and thus the number of idr's in the system doesn't affect the amount of memory used for preloading. idr_layer_alloc() is introduced to handle idr_layer allocations for both old and new ID allocation paths. This is a bit hairy now but the new interface is expected to replace the old and the internal implementation eventually will become simpler. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-28idr: refactor idr_get_new_above()Tejun Heo1-18/+12
Move slot filling to idr_fill_slot() from idr_get_new_above_int() and make idr_get_new_above() directly call it. idr_get_new_above_int() is no longer needed and removed. This will be used to implement a new ID allocation interface. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-28idr: remove _idr_rc_to_errno() hackTejun Heo1-12/+23
idr uses -1, IDR_NEED_TO_GROW and IDR_NOMORE_SPACE to communicate exception conditions internally. The return value is later translated to errno values using _idr_rc_to_errno(). This is confusing. Drop the custom ones and consistently use -EAGAIN for "tree needs to grow", -ENOMEM for "need more memory" and -ENOSPC for "ran out of ID space". Due to the weird memory preloading mechanism, [ra]_get_new*() return -EAGAIN on memory shortage, so we need to substitute -ENOMEM w/ -EAGAIN on those interface functions. They'll eventually be cleaned up and the translations will go away. This patch doesn't introduce any functional changes. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-28idr: relocate idr_for_each_entry() and reorganize id[r|a]_get_new()Tejun Heo1-49/+0
* Move idr_for_each_entry() definition next to other idr related definitions. * Make id[r|a]_get_new() inline wrappers of id[r|a]_get_new_above(). This changes the implementation of idr_get_new() but the new implementation is trivial. This patch doesn't introduce any functional change. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-28idr: deprecate idr_remove_all()Tejun Heo1-7/+3
There was only one legitimate use of idr_remove_all() and a lot more of incorrect uses (or lack of it). Now that idr_destroy() implies idr_remove_all() and all the in-kernel users updated not to use it, there's no reason to keep it around. Mark it deprecated so that we can later unexport it. idr_remove_all() is made an inline function calling __idr_remove_all() to avoid triggering deprecated warning on EXPORT_SYMBOL(). Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-28idr: make idr_destroy() imply idr_remove_all()Tejun Heo1-9/+11
idr is silly in quite a few ways, one of which is how it's supposed to be destroyed - idr_destroy() doesn't release IDs and doesn't even whine if the idr isn't empty. If the caller forgets idr_remove_all(), it simply leaks memory. Even ida gets this wrong and leaks memory on destruction. There is absoltely no reason not to call idr_remove_all() from idr_destroy(). Nobody is abusing idr_destroy() for shrinking free layer buffer and continues to use idr after idr_destroy(), so it's safe to do remove_all from destroy. In the whole kernel, there is only one place where idr_remove_all() is legitimiately used without following idr_destroy() while there are quite a few places where the caller forgets either idr_remove_all() or idr_destroy() leaking memory. This patch makes idr_destroy() call idr_destroy_all() and updates the function description accordingly. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2013-02-28idr: fix a subtle bug in idr_get_next()Tejun Heo1-1/+8
The iteration logic of idr_get_next() is borrowed mostly verbatim from idr_for_each(). It walks down the tree looking for the slot matching the current ID. If the matching slot is not found, the ID is incremented by the distance of single slot at the given level and repeats. The implementation assumes that during the whole iteration id is aligned to the layer boundaries of the level closest to the leaf, which is true for all iterations starting from zero or an existing element and thus is fine for idr_for_each(). However, idr_get_next() may be given any point and if the starting id hits in the middle of a non-existent layer, increment to the next layer will end up skipping the same offset into it. For example, an IDR with IDs filled between [64, 127] would look like the following. [ 0 64 ... ] /----/ | | | NULL [ 64 ... 127 ] If idr_get_next() is called with 63 as the starting point, it will try to follow down the pointer from 0. As it is NULL, it will then try to proceed to the next slot in the same level by adding the slot distance at that level which is 64 - making the next try 127. It goes around the loop and finds and returns 127 skipping [64, 126]. Note that this bug also triggers in idr_for_each_entry() loop which deletes during iteration as deletions can make layers go away leaving the iteration with unaligned ID into missing layers. Fix it by ensuring proceeding to the next slot doesn't carry over the unaligned offset - ie. use round_up(id + 1, slot_distance) instead of id += slot_distance. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Reported-by: David Teigland <teigland@redhat.com> Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-10-05idr: rename MAX_LEVEL to MAX_IDR_LEVELFengguang Wu1-16/+16
To avoid name conflicts: drivers/video/riva/fbdev.c:281:9: sparse: preprocessor token MAX_LEVEL redefined While at it, also make the other names more consistent and add parentheses. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: repair fallout] [sfr@canb.auug.org.au: IB/mlx4: fix for MAX_ID_MASK to MAX_IDR_MASK name change] Signed-off-by: Fengguang Wu <fengguang.wu@intel.com> Cc: Bernd Petrovitsch <bernd@petrovitsch.priv.at> Cc: walter harms <wharms@bfs.de> Cc: Glauber Costa <glommer@parallels.com> Signed-off-by: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au> Cc: Roland Dreier <roland@purestorage.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-03-24Merge tag 'module-for-3.4' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-1/+1
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/paulg/linux Pull cleanup of fs/ and lib/ users of module.h from Paul Gortmaker: "Fix up files in fs/ and lib/ dirs to only use module.h if they really need it. These are trivial in scope vs the work done previously. We now have things where any few remaining cleanups can be farmed out to arch or subsystem maintainers, and I have done so when possible. What is remaining here represents the bits that don't clearly lie within a single arch/subsystem boundary, like the fs dir and the lib dir. Some duplicate includes arising from overlapping fixes from independent subsystem maintainer submissions are also quashed." Fix up trivial conflicts due to clashes with other include file cleanups (including some due to the previous bug.h cleanup pull). * tag 'module-for-3.4' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/paulg/linux: lib: reduce the use of module.h wherever possible fs: reduce the use of module.h wherever possible includecheck: delete any duplicate instances of module.h
2012-03-22idr: make idr_get_next() good for rcu_read_lock()Hugh Dickins1-3/+5
Make one small adjustment to idr_get_next(): take the height from the top layer (stable under RCU) instead of from the root (unprotected by RCU), as idr_find() does: so that it can be used with RCU locking. Copied comment on RCU locking from idr_find(). Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Acked-by: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com> Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2012-03-07lib: reduce the use of module.h wherever possiblePaul Gortmaker1-1/+1
For files only using THIS_MODULE and/or EXPORT_SYMBOL, map them onto including export.h -- or if the file isn't even using those, then just delete the include. Fix up any implicit include dependencies that were being masked by module.h along the way. Signed-off-by: Paul Gortmaker <paul.gortmaker@windriver.com>
2011-11-02ida: make ida_simple_get/put() IRQ safeTejun Heo1-4/+7
It's often convenient to be able to release resource from IRQ context. Make ida_simple_*() use irqsave/restore spin ops so that they are IRQ safe. Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Acked-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-11-01lib/idr.c: fix comment for ida_get_new_above()Wang Sheng-Hui1-2/+2
Signed-off-by: Wang Sheng-Hui <shhuiw@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2011-09-15Merge branch 'master' into for-nextJiri Kosina1-0/+67
Fast-forward merge with Linus to be able to merge patches based on more recent version of the tree.
2011-08-04Fix kernel-doc comment typo '@id'Paul Bolle1-1/+1
Signed-off-by: Paul Bolle <pebolle@tiscali.nl> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2011-08-04ida: simplified functions for id allocationRusty Russell1-0/+67
The current hyper-optimized functions are overkill if you simply want to allocate an id for a device. Create versions which use an internal lock. In followup patches, numerous drivers are converted to use this interface. Thanks to Tejun for feedback. Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Acked-by: Jonathan Cameron <jic23@cam.ac.uk> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-10-27docbook: add idr/ida to kernel-api docbookRandy Dunlap1-24/+25
Add idr/ida to kernel-api docbook. Fix typos and kernel-doc notation. Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <randy.dunlap@oracle.com> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Naohiro Aota <naota@elisp.net> Cc: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-10-26idr: fix idr_pre_get() locking descriptionNaohiro Aota1-11/+13
Despite the idr_pre_get() kernel-doc, there are some cases where you can call idr_pre_get() from within locked regions. Add a description for such cases. See also: http://lkml.org/lkml/2010/9/16/462 [akpm@linux-foundation.org: cleanups, grammatical fixes] Signed-off-by: Naohiro Aota <naota@elisp.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-08-31idr: describe how nextidp works in idr_get_next().Naohiro Aota1-1/+2
It was unclear in original kernel-doc how nextidp worked in idr_get_next(). Let's describe it. Signed-off-by: Naohiro Aota <naota@elisp.net> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2010-08-31idr: fix kernel-doc warnings.Naohiro Aota1-5/+5
Fix the following kernel-doc warnings. % perl scripts/kernel-doc lib/idr.c > /dev/null Warning(lib/idr.c:300): No description found for parameter 'starting_id' Warning(lib/idr.c:300): Excess function parameter 'start_id' description in 'idr_get_new_above' Warning(lib/idr.c:485): No description found for parameter 'idp' Warning(lib/idr.c:596): No description found for parameter 'nextidp' Warning(lib/idr.c:596): Excess function parameter 'id' description in 'idr_get_next' Warning(lib/idr.c:774): No description found for parameter 'starting_id' Warning(lib/idr.c:774): Excess function parameter 'staring_id' description in 'ida_get_new_above' Warning(lib/idr.c:918): No description found for parameter 'ida' Signed-off-by: Naohiro Aota <naota@elisp.net> Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2010-06-23idr: fix RCU lockdep splat in idr_get_next()Paul E. McKenney1-2/+2
Convert to rcu_dereference_raw() given that many callers may have many different locking models. Located-by: Miles Lane <miles.lane@gmail.com> Tested-by: Miles Lane <miles.lane@gmail.com> Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
2010-05-27idr: fix backtrack logic in idr_remove_allImre Deak1-1/+4
Currently idr_remove_all will fail with a use after free error if idr::layers is bigger than 2, which on 32 bit systems corresponds to items more than 1024. This is due to stepping back too many levels during backtracking. For simplicity let's assume that IDR_BITS=1 -> we have 2 nodes at each level below the root node and each leaf node stores two IDs. (In reality for 32 bit systems IDR_BITS=5, with 32 nodes at each sub-root level and 32 IDs in each leaf node). The sequence of freeing the nodes at the moment is as follows: layer 1 -> a(7) 2 -> b(3) c(5) 3 -> d(1) e(2) f(4) g(6) Until step 4 things go fine, but then node c is freed, whereas node g should be freed first. Since node c contains the pointer to node g we'll have a use after free error at step 6. How many levels we step back after visiting the leaf nodes is currently determined by the msb of the id we are currently visiting: Step 1. node d with IDs 0,1 is freed, current ID is advanced to 2. msb of the current ID bit 1. This means we need to step back 1 level to node b and take the next sibling, node e. 2-3. node e with IDs 2,3 is freed, current ID is 4, msb is bit 2. This means we need to step back 2 levels to node a, freeing node b on the way. 4-5. node f with IDs 4,5 is freed, current ID is 6, msb is still bit 2. This means we again need to step back 2 levels to node a and free c on the way. 6. We should visit node g, but its pointer is not available as node c was freed. The fix changes how we determine the number of levels to step back. Instead of deducting this merely from the msb of the current ID, we should really check if advancing the ID causes an overflow to a bit position corresponding to a given layer. In the above example overflow from bit 0 to bit 1 should mean stepping back 1 level. Overflow from bit 1 to bit 2 should mean stepping back 2 levels and so on. The fix was tested with IDs up to 1 << 20, which corresponds to 4 layers on 32 bit systems. Signed-off-by: Imre Deak <imre.deak@nokia.com> Reviewed-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org> Cc: Eric Paris <eparis@redhat.com> Cc: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Cc: <stable@kernel.org> [2.6.34.1] Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-03-26Merge branch 'master' of ↵David Woodhouse1-4/+4
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux-2.6 Conflicts: drivers/mtd/nand/sh_flctl.c Maxim's patch to initialise sysfs attributes depends on the patch which actually adds sysfs_attr_init().
2010-02-26Merge branch 'master' of ↵David Woodhouse1-1/+3
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux-2.6 The SmartMedia FTL code depends on new kfifo bits from 2.6.33
2010-02-25idr: export idr_get_next()Ben Hutchings1-1/+1
idr_get_next() was accidentally not exported when added. It is about to be used by mtdcore, which may be built as a module. Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <bhutchings@solarflare.com> Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com> Signed-off-by: Artem Bityutskiy <Artem.Bityutskiy@nokia.com> Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com>

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