aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/samples/kfifo
AgeCommit message (Collapse)AuthorFilesLines
2010-10-22Merge branch 'llseek' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/arnd/bklLinus Torvalds3-0/+3
* 'llseek' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/arnd/bkl: vfs: make no_llseek the default vfs: don't use BKL in default_llseek llseek: automatically add .llseek fop libfs: use generic_file_llseek for simple_attr mac80211: disallow seeks in minstrel debug code lirc: make chardev nonseekable viotape: use noop_llseek raw: use explicit llseek file operations ibmasmfs: use generic_file_llseek spufs: use llseek in all file operations arm/omap: use generic_file_llseek in iommu_debug lkdtm: use generic_file_llseek in debugfs net/wireless: use generic_file_llseek in debugfs drm: use noop_llseek
2010-10-15llseek: automatically add .llseek fopArnd Bergmann3-0/+3
All file_operations should get a .llseek operation so we can make nonseekable_open the default for future file operations without a .llseek pointer. The three cases that we can automatically detect are no_llseek, seq_lseek and default_llseek. For cases where we can we can automatically prove that the file offset is always ignored, we use noop_llseek, which maintains the current behavior of not returning an error from a seek. New drivers should normally not use noop_llseek but instead use no_llseek and call nonseekable_open at open time. Existing drivers can be converted to do the same when the maintainer knows for certain that no user code relies on calling seek on the device file. The generated code is often incorrectly indented and right now contains comments that clarify for each added line why a specific variant was chosen. In the version that gets submitted upstream, the comments will be gone and I will manually fix the indentation, because there does not seem to be a way to do that using coccinelle. Some amount of new code is currently sitting in linux-next that should get the same modifications, which I will do at the end of the merge window. Many thanks to Julia Lawall for helping me learn to write a semantic patch that does all this. ===== begin semantic patch ===== // This adds an llseek= method to all file operations, // as a preparation for making no_llseek the default. // // The rules are // - use no_llseek explicitly if we do nonseekable_open // - use seq_lseek for sequential files // - use default_llseek if we know we access f_pos // - use noop_llseek if we know we don't access f_pos, // but we still want to allow users to call lseek // @ open1 exists @ identifier nested_open; @@ nested_open(...) { <+... nonseekable_open(...) ...+> } @ open exists@ identifier open_f; identifier i, f; identifier open1.nested_open; @@ int open_f(struct inode *i, struct file *f) { <+... ( nonseekable_open(...) | nested_open(...) ) ...+> } @ read disable optional_qualifier exists @ identifier read_f; identifier f, p, s, off; type ssize_t, size_t, loff_t; expression E; identifier func; @@ ssize_t read_f(struct file *f, char *p, size_t s, loff_t *off) { <+... ( *off = E | *off += E | func(..., off, ...) | E = *off ) ...+> } @ read_no_fpos disable optional_qualifier exists @ identifier read_f; identifier f, p, s, off; type ssize_t, size_t, loff_t; @@ ssize_t read_f(struct file *f, char *p, size_t s, loff_t *off) { ... when != off } @ write @ identifier write_f; identifier f, p, s, off; type ssize_t, size_t, loff_t; expression E; identifier func; @@ ssize_t write_f(struct file *f, const char *p, size_t s, loff_t *off) { <+... ( *off = E | *off += E | func(..., off, ...) | E = *off ) ...+> } @ write_no_fpos @ identifier write_f; identifier f, p, s, off; type ssize_t, size_t, loff_t; @@ ssize_t write_f(struct file *f, const char *p, size_t s, loff_t *off) { ... when != off } @ fops0 @ identifier fops; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... }; @ has_llseek depends on fops0 @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier llseek_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .llseek = llseek_f, ... }; @ has_read depends on fops0 @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier read_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .read = read_f, ... }; @ has_write depends on fops0 @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier write_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .write = write_f, ... }; @ has_open depends on fops0 @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier open_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .open = open_f, ... }; // use no_llseek if we call nonseekable_open //////////////////////////////////////////// @ nonseekable1 depends on !has_llseek && has_open @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier nso ~= "nonseekable_open"; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .open = nso, ... +.llseek = no_llseek, /* nonseekable */ }; @ nonseekable2 depends on !has_llseek @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier open.open_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .open = open_f, ... +.llseek = no_llseek, /* open uses nonseekable */ }; // use seq_lseek for sequential files ///////////////////////////////////// @ seq depends on !has_llseek @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier sr ~= "seq_read"; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .read = sr, ... +.llseek = seq_lseek, /* we have seq_read */ }; // use default_llseek if there is a readdir /////////////////////////////////////////// @ fops1 depends on !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier readdir_e; @@ // any other fop is used that changes pos struct file_operations fops = { ... .readdir = readdir_e, ... +.llseek = default_llseek, /* readdir is present */ }; // use default_llseek if at least one of read/write touches f_pos ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// @ fops2 depends on !fops1 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier read.read_f; @@ // read fops use offset struct file_operations fops = { ... .read = read_f, ... +.llseek = default_llseek, /* read accesses f_pos */ }; @ fops3 depends on !fops1 && !fops2 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier write.write_f; @@ // write fops use offset struct file_operations fops = { ... .write = write_f, ... + .llseek = default_llseek, /* write accesses f_pos */ }; // Use noop_llseek if neither read nor write accesses f_pos /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// @ fops4 depends on !fops1 && !fops2 && !fops3 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier read_no_fpos.read_f; identifier write_no_fpos.write_f; @@ // write fops use offset struct file_operations fops = { ... .write = write_f, .read = read_f, ... +.llseek = noop_llseek, /* read and write both use no f_pos */ }; @ depends on has_write && !has_read && !fops1 && !fops2 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier write_no_fpos.write_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .write = write_f, ... +.llseek = noop_llseek, /* write uses no f_pos */ }; @ depends on has_read && !has_write && !fops1 && !fops2 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; identifier read_no_fpos.read_f; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... .read = read_f, ... +.llseek = noop_llseek, /* read uses no f_pos */ }; @ depends on !has_read && !has_write && !fops1 && !fops2 && !has_llseek && !nonseekable1 && !nonseekable2 && !seq @ identifier fops0.fops; @@ struct file_operations fops = { ... +.llseek = noop_llseek, /* no read or write fn */ }; ===== End semantic patch ===== Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de> Cc: Julia Lawall <julia@diku.dk> Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
2010-10-01kfifo: fix scatterlist usageIra W. Snyder1-8/+9
The kfifo_dma family of functions use sg_mark_end() on the last element in their scatterlist. This forces use of a fresh scatterlist for each DMA operation, which makes recycling a single scatterlist impossible. Change the behavior of the kfifo_dma functions to match the usage of the dma_map_sg function. This means that users must respect the returned nents value. The sample code is updated to reflect the change. This bug is trivial to cause: call kfifo_dma_in_prepare() such that it prepares a scatterlist with a single entry comprising the whole fifo. This is the case when you map the entirety of a newly created empty fifo. This causes the setup_sgl() function to mark the first scatterlist entry as the end of the chain, no matter what comes after it. Afterwards, add and remove some data from the fifo such that another call to kfifo_dma_in_prepare() will create two scatterlist entries. It returns nents=2. However, due to the previous sg_mark_end() call, sg_is_last() will now return true for the first scatterlist element. This causes the sample code to print a single scatterlist element when it should print two. By removing the call to sg_mark_end(), we make the API as similar as possible to the DMA mapping API. All users are required to respect the returned nents. Signed-off-by: Ira W. Snyder <iws@ovro.caltech.edu> Cc: Stefani Seibold <stefani@seibold.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-08-20kfifo: add explicit error checking in all the examplesAndrea Righi4-51/+144
Provide a check in all the kfifo examples to validate the correct execution of each testcase. Signed-off-by: Andrea Righi <arighi@develer.com> Acked-by: Stefani Seibold <stefani@seibold.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-08-20kfifo: fix a memory leak in dma exampleAndrea Righi1-3/+1
We use a dynamically allocated kfifo in the dma example, so we need to free it when unloading the module. Signed-off-by: Andrea Righi <arighi@develer.com> Acked-by: Stefani Seibold <stefani@seibold.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-08-20kfifo: fix kernel BUG in dma exampleAndrea Righi1-0/+1
The scatterlist is used uninitialized in kfifo_dma_in_prepare(). This triggers the following bug if CONFIG_DEBUG_SG=y: ------------[ cut here ]------------ kernel BUG at include/linux/scatterlist.h:65! invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] PREEMPT SMP ... Call Trace: [<ffffffff810a1eab>] setup_sgl+0x6b/0xe0 [<ffffffffa03d7000>] ? example_init+0x0/0x265 [dma_example] [<ffffffff810a2021>] __kfifo_dma_in_prepare+0x21/0x30 [<ffffffffa03d7124>] example_init+0x124/0x265 [dma_example] [<ffffffff810f9c55>] ? trace_module_notify+0x25/0x370 [<ffffffff81110c6e>] ? free_pages_prepare+0x11e/0x1e0 [<ffffffff8106f2b1>] ? get_parent_ip+0x11/0x50 [<ffffffff810f9c55>] ? trace_module_notify+0x25/0x370 [<ffffffff810b65fd>] ? trace_hardirqs_on+0xd/0x10 [<ffffffff814beade>] ? mutex_unlock+0xe/0x10 [<ffffffff810f9c71>] ? trace_module_notify+0x41/0x370 [<ffffffff810a77d5>] ? __blocking_notifier_call_chain+0x45/0x80 [<ffffffff81137b7a>] ? vfree+0x2a/0x30 [<ffffffff810a6ac3>] ? up_read+0x23/0x40 [<ffffffff810a77f5>] ? __blocking_notifier_call_chain+0x65/0x80 [<ffffffff810001e3>] do_one_initcall+0x43/0x180 [<ffffffff810c577a>] sys_init_module+0xba/0x200 [<ffffffff8103819b>] system_call_fastpath+0x16/0x1b RIP [<ffffffff810a1e31>] setup_sgl_buf+0x1a1/0x1b0 RSP <ffff88006720dc98> ---[ end trace a72b979fd3c1d3a5 ]--- Add the proper initialization to avoid the bug. Signed-off-by: Andrea Righi <arighi@develer.com> Acked-by: Stefani Seibold <stefani@seibold.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-08-20kfifo: add explicit error checking in byte stream exampleAndrea Righi1-6/+27
Provide a static array of expected items that kfifo should contain at the end of the test to validate it. Signed-off-by: Andrea Righi <arighi@develer.com> Cc: Stefani Seibold <stefani@seibold.net> Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-08-20kfifo: add kfifo_skip() testcaseAndrea Righi1-0/+4
Add a testcase for kfifo_skip() to the byte stream fifo example. Signed-off-by: Andrea Righi <arighi@develer.com> Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com> Acked-by: Stefani Seibold <stefani@seibold.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2010-08-11kfifo: add example files to the kernel sample directoryStefani Seibold5-0/+603
Add four examples to the kernel sample directory. It shows how to handle: - a byte stream fifo - a integer type fifo - a dynamic record sized fifo - the fifo DMA functions [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixes] Signed-off-by: Stefani Seibold <stefani@seibold.net> Cc: Greg KH <greg@kroah.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

Privacy Policy