aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/samples
AgeCommit message (Collapse)AuthorFilesLines
2015-08-12bpf: fix build warnings and add function read_trace_pipe()Kaixu Xia2-9/+14
There are two improvements in this patch: 1. Fix the build warnings; 2. Add function read_trace_pipe() to print the result on the screen; Before this patch, we can get the result through /sys/kernel/de bug/tracing/trace_pipe and get nothing on the screen. By applying this patch, the result can be printed on the screen. $ ./tracex6 ... tracex6-705 [003] d..1 131.428593: : CPU-3 19981414 sshd-683 [000] d..1 131.428727: : CPU-0 221682321 sshd-683 [000] d..1 131.428821: : CPU-0 221808766 sshd-683 [000] d..1 131.428950: : CPU-0 221982984 sshd-683 [000] d..1 131.429045: : CPU-0 222111851 tracex6-705 [003] d..1 131.429168: : CPU-3 20757551 sshd-683 [000] d..1 131.429170: : CPU-0 222281240 sshd-683 [000] d..1 131.429261: : CPU-0 222403340 sshd-683 [000] d..1 131.429378: : CPU-0 222561024 ... Signed-off-by: Kaixu Xia <xiakaixu@huawei.com> Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-08-09samples/bpf: example of get selected PMU counter valueKaixu Xia4-0/+100
This is a simple example and shows how to use the new ability to get the selected Hardware PMU counter value. Signed-off-by: Kaixu Xia <xiakaixu@huawei.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-07-27ebpf: Allow dereferences of PTR_TO_STACK registersAlex Gartrell1-0/+59
mov %rsp, %r1 ; r1 = rsp add $-8, %r1 ; r1 = rsp - 8 store_q $123, -8(%rsp) ; *(u64*)r1 = 123 <- valid store_q $123, (%r1) ; *(u64*)r1 = 123 <- previously invalid mov $0, %r0 exit ; Always need to exit And we'd get the following error: 0: (bf) r1 = r10 1: (07) r1 += -8 2: (7a) *(u64 *)(r10 -8) = 999 3: (7a) *(u64 *)(r1 +0) = 999 R1 invalid mem access 'fp' Unable to load program We already know that a register is a stack address and the appropriate offset, so we should be able to validate those references as well. Signed-off-by: Alex Gartrell <agartrell@fb.com> Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-07-23Merge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/davem/netDavid S. Miller1-2/+5
Conflicts: net/bridge/br_mdb.c br_mdb.c conflict was a function call being removed to fix a bug in 'net' but whose signature was changed in 'net-next'. Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-07-17tracing: Fix sample output of dynamic arraysSteven Rostedt (Red Hat)1-2/+5
He Kuang noticed that the trace event samples for arrays was broken: "The output result of trace_foo_bar event in traceevent samples is wrong. This problem can be reproduced as following: (Build kernel with SAMPLE_TRACE_EVENTS=m) $ insmod trace-events-sample.ko $ echo 1 > /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/events/sample-trace/foo_bar/enable $ cat /sys/kernel/debug/tracing/trace event-sample-980 [000] .... 43.649559: foo_bar: foo hello 21 0x15 BIT1|BIT3|0x10 {0x1,0x6f6f6e53,0xff007970,0xffffffff} Snoopy ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ The array length is not right, should be {0x1}. (ffffffff,ffffffff) event-sample-980 [000] .... 44.653827: foo_bar: foo hello 22 0x16 BIT2|BIT3|0x10 {0x1,0x2,0x646e6147,0x666c61,0xffffffff,0xffffffff,0x750aeffe,0x7} ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ The array length is not right, should be {0x1,0x2}. Gandalf (ffffffff,ffffffff)" This was caused by an update to have __print_array()'s second parameter be the count of items in the array and not the size of the array. As there is already users of __print_array(), it can not change. But the sample code can and we can also improve on the documentation about __print_array() and __get_dynamic_array_len(). Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1436839171-31527-2-git-send-email-hekuang@huawei.com Fixes: ac01ce1410fc2 ("tracing: Make ftrace_print_array_seq compute buf_len") Reported-by: He Kuang <hekuang@huawei.com> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2015-07-08samples: bpf: enable trace samples for s390xMichael Holzheu6-12/+37
The trace bpf samples do not compile on s390x because they use x86 specific fields from the "pt_regs" structure. Fix this and access the fields via new PT_REGS macros. Signed-off-by: Michael Holzheu <holzheu@linux.vnet.ibm.com> Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-06-23bpf: BPF based latency tracingDaniel Wagner3-0/+206
BPF offers another way to generate latency histograms. We attach kprobes at trace_preempt_off and trace_preempt_on and calculate the time it takes to from seeing the off/on transition. The first array is used to store the start time stamp. The key is the CPU id. The second array stores the log2(time diff). We need to use static allocation here (array and not hash tables). The kprobes hooking into trace_preempt_on|off should not calling any dynamic memory allocation or free path. We need to avoid recursivly getting called. Besides that, it reduces jitter in the measurement. CPU 0 latency : count distribution 1 -> 1 : 0 | | 2 -> 3 : 0 | | 4 -> 7 : 0 | | 8 -> 15 : 0 | | 16 -> 31 : 0 | | 32 -> 63 : 0 | | 64 -> 127 : 0 | | 128 -> 255 : 0 | | 256 -> 511 : 0 | | 512 -> 1023 : 0 | | 1024 -> 2047 : 0 | | 2048 -> 4095 : 166723 |*************************************** | 4096 -> 8191 : 19870 |*** | 8192 -> 16383 : 6324 | | 16384 -> 32767 : 1098 | | 32768 -> 65535 : 190 | | 65536 -> 131071 : 179 | | 131072 -> 262143 : 18 | | 262144 -> 524287 : 4 | | 524288 -> 1048575 : 1363 | | CPU 1 latency : count distribution 1 -> 1 : 0 | | 2 -> 3 : 0 | | 4 -> 7 : 0 | | 8 -> 15 : 0 | | 16 -> 31 : 0 | | 32 -> 63 : 0 | | 64 -> 127 : 0 | | 128 -> 255 : 0 | | 256 -> 511 : 0 | | 512 -> 1023 : 0 | | 1024 -> 2047 : 0 | | 2048 -> 4095 : 114042 |*************************************** | 4096 -> 8191 : 9587 |** | 8192 -> 16383 : 4140 | | 16384 -> 32767 : 673 | | 32768 -> 65535 : 179 | | 65536 -> 131071 : 29 | | 131072 -> 262143 : 4 | | 262144 -> 524287 : 1 | | 524288 -> 1048575 : 364 | | CPU 2 latency : count distribution 1 -> 1 : 0 | | 2 -> 3 : 0 | | 4 -> 7 : 0 | | 8 -> 15 : 0 | | 16 -> 31 : 0 | | 32 -> 63 : 0 | | 64 -> 127 : 0 | | 128 -> 255 : 0 | | 256 -> 511 : 0 | | 512 -> 1023 : 0 | | 1024 -> 2047 : 0 | | 2048 -> 4095 : 40147 |*************************************** | 4096 -> 8191 : 2300 |* | 8192 -> 16383 : 828 | | 16384 -> 32767 : 178 | | 32768 -> 65535 : 59 | | 65536 -> 131071 : 2 | | 131072 -> 262143 : 0 | | 262144 -> 524287 : 1 | | 524288 -> 1048575 : 174 | | CPU 3 latency : count distribution 1 -> 1 : 0 | | 2 -> 3 : 0 | | 4 -> 7 : 0 | | 8 -> 15 : 0 | | 16 -> 31 : 0 | | 32 -> 63 : 0 | | 64 -> 127 : 0 | | 128 -> 255 : 0 | | 256 -> 511 : 0 | | 512 -> 1023 : 0 | | 1024 -> 2047 : 0 | | 2048 -> 4095 : 29626 |*************************************** | 4096 -> 8191 : 2704 |** | 8192 -> 16383 : 1090 | | 16384 -> 32767 : 160 | | 32768 -> 65535 : 72 | | 65536 -> 131071 : 32 | | 131072 -> 262143 : 26 | | 262144 -> 524287 : 12 | | 524288 -> 1048575 : 298 | | All this is based on the trace3 examples written by Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com>. Signed-off-by: Daniel Wagner <daniel.wagner@bmw-carit.de> Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org> Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org Cc: netdev@vger.kernel.org Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Acked-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-06-15bpf: introduce current->pid, tgid, uid, gid, comm accessorsAlexei Starovoitov3-14/+83
eBPF programs attached to kprobes need to filter based on current->pid, uid and other fields, so introduce helper functions: u64 bpf_get_current_pid_tgid(void) Return: current->tgid << 32 | current->pid u64 bpf_get_current_uid_gid(void) Return: current_gid << 32 | current_uid bpf_get_current_comm(char *buf, int size_of_buf) stores current->comm into buf They can be used from the programs attached to TC as well to classify packets based on current task fields. Update tracex2 example to print histogram of write syscalls for each process instead of aggregated for all. Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-06-07bpf: allow programs to write to certain skb fieldsAlexei Starovoitov2-26/+93
allow programs read/write skb->mark, tc_index fields and ((struct qdisc_skb_cb *)cb)->data. mark and tc_index are generically useful in TC. cb[0]-cb[4] are primarily used to pass arguments from one program to another called via bpf_tail_call() which can be seen in sockex3_kern.c example. All fields of 'struct __sk_buff' are readable to socket and tc_cls_act progs. mark, tc_index are writeable from tc_cls_act only. cb[0]-cb[4] are writeable by both sockets and tc_cls_act. Add verifier tests and improve sample code. Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-06-07bpf: make programs see skb->data == L2 for ingress and egressAlexei Starovoitov1-4/+4
eBPF programs attached to ingress and egress qdiscs see inconsistent skb->data. For ingress L2 header is already pulled, whereas for egress it's present. This is known to program writers which are currently forced to use BPF_LL_OFF workaround. Since programs don't change skb internal pointers it is safe to do pull/push right around invocation of the program and earlier taps and later pt->func() will not be affected. Multiple taps via packet_rcv(), tpacket_rcv() are doing the same trick around run_filter/BPF_PROG_RUN even if skb_shared. This fix finally allows programs to use optimized LD_ABS/IND instructions without BPF_LL_OFF for higher performance. tc ingress + cls_bpf + samples/bpf/tcbpf1_kern.o w/o JIT w/JIT before 20.5 23.6 Mpps after 21.8 26.6 Mpps Old programs with BPF_LL_OFF will still work as-is. We can now undo most of the earlier workaround commit: a166151cbe33 ("bpf: fix bpf helpers to use skb->mac_header relative offsets") Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Acked-by: Jamal Hadi Salim <jhs@mojatatu.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-05-22pktgen: add benchmark script pktgen_bench_xmit_mode_netif_receive.shJesper Dangaard Brouer1-0/+86
This script pktgen_bench_xmit_mode_netif_receive.sh is a benchmark script, which can be used for benchmarking part of the network stack. This can be used for performance improving or catching regression in that area. The script is developed for benchmarking ingress qdisc path, original idea by Alexei Starovoitov. This script don't really need any hardware. This is achieved via the recently introduced stack inject feature "xmit_mode netif_receive". See commit 62f64aed622b6 ("pktgen: introduce xmit_mode '<start_xmit|netif_receive>'"). Signed-off-by: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-05-22pktgen: add sample script pktgen_sample03_burst_single_flow.shJesper Dangaard Brouer1-0/+82
Add the pktgen samples script pktgen_sample03_burst_single_flow.sh that demonstrates how to acheive maximum performance. If correctly tuned[1] single CPU 10Gbit/s wirespeed small pkts is possible[2] which is 14.88Mpps. The trick is to take advantage of the "burst" feature introduced in commit 38b2cf2982dc73 ("net: pktgen: packet bursting via skb->xmit_more"). [1] http://netoptimizer.blogspot.dk/2014/06/pktgen-for-network-overload-testing.html [2] http://netoptimizer.blogspot.dk/2014/10/unlocked-10gbps-tx-wirespeed-smallest.html Signed-off-by: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-05-22pktgen: add sample script pktgen_sample02_multiqueue.shJesper Dangaard Brouer3-139/+75
Add the pktgen samples script pktgen_sample02_multiqueue.sh that demonstrates generating packets on multiqueue NICs. Specifically notice the options "-t" that specifies how many kernel threads to activate. Also notice the flag QUEUE_MAP_CPU, which cause the SKB TX queue to be mapped to the CPU running the kernel thread. For best scalability people are also encourage to map NIC IRQ /proc/irq/*/smp_affinity to CPU number. Usage example with "-t" 4 threads and help: ./pktgen_sample02_multiqueue.sh -i eth4 -m 00:1B:21:3C:9D:F8 -t 4 Usage: ./pktgen_sample02_multiqueue.sh [-vx] -i ethX -i : ($DEV) output interface/device (required) -s : ($PKT_SIZE) packet size -d : ($DEST_IP) destination IP -m : ($DST_MAC) destination MAC-addr -t : ($THREADS) threads to start -c : ($SKB_CLONE) SKB clones send before alloc new SKB -b : ($BURST) HW level bursting of SKBs -v : ($VERBOSE) verbose -x : ($DEBUG) debug Removing pktgen.conf-2-1 and pktgen.conf-2-2 as these examples should be covered now. Signed-off-by: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-05-22pktgen: add sample script pktgen_sample01_simple.shJesper Dangaard Brouer2-59/+71
Add the first basic pktgen samples script pktgen_sample01_simple.sh, which demonstrates the a simple use of the helper functions. Removing pktgen.conf-1-1 as that example should be covered now. The naming scheme pktgen_sampleNN, where NN is a number, should encourage reading the samples in a specific order. Script cause pktgen sending with a single thread and single interface, and introduce flow variation via random UDP source port. Usage example and help: ./pktgen_sample01_simple.sh -i eth4 -m 00:1B:21:3C:9D:F8 -d 192.168.8.2 Usage: ./pktgen_sample01_simple.sh [-vx] -i ethX -i : ($DEV) output interface/device (required) -s : ($PKT_SIZE) packet size -d : ($DEST_IP) destination IP -m : ($DST_MAC) destination MAC-addr -c : ($SKB_CLONE) SKB clones send before alloc new SKB -v : ($VERBOSE) verbose -x : ($DEBUG) debug Signed-off-by: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-05-22pktgen: new pktgen helper functions for samples scriptsJesper Dangaard Brouer3-0/+261
Preparing for removing existing samples/pktgen/ scripts, and replacing these with easier to use samples. This commit provides two helper shell files, that can be "included" by shell source'ing. Namely "functions.sh" and "parameters.sh". The parameters.sh file support easy and consistant parameter parsing across the sample scripts. Usage example is printed on errors. The functions.sh file provides, three new shell functions for configuring the different components of pktgen: pg_ctrl(), pg_thread() and pg_set(). A slightly improved version of the old pgset() function is also provided for backwards compat. The new functions correspond to pktgens different components. * pg_ctrl() control "pgctrl" (/proc/net/pktgen/pgctrl) * pg_thread() control the kernel threads and binding to devices * pg_set() control setup of individual devices These changes are borrowed from: https://github.com/netoptimizer/network-testing/tree/master/pktgen Signed-off-by: Jesper Dangaard Brouer <brouer@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-05-21samples/bpf: bpf_tail_call example for networkingAlexei Starovoitov4-0/+375
Usage: $ sudo ./sockex3 IP src.port -> dst.port bytes packets 127.0.0.1.42010 -> 127.0.0.1.12865 1568 8 127.0.0.1.59526 -> 127.0.0.1.33778 11422636 173070 127.0.0.1.33778 -> 127.0.0.1.59526 11260224828 341974 127.0.0.1.12865 -> 127.0.0.1.42010 1832 12 IP src.port -> dst.port bytes packets 127.0.0.1.42010 -> 127.0.0.1.12865 1568 8 127.0.0.1.59526 -> 127.0.0.1.33778 23198092 351486 127.0.0.1.33778 -> 127.0.0.1.59526 22972698518 698616 127.0.0.1.12865 -> 127.0.0.1.42010 1832 12 this example is similar to sockex2 in a way that it accumulates per-flow statistics, but it does packet parsing differently. sockex2 inlines full packet parser routine into single bpf program. This sockex3 example have 4 independent programs that parse vlan, mpls, ip, ipv6 and one main program that starts the process. bpf_tail_call() mechanism allows each program to be small and be called on demand potentially multiple times, so that many vlan, mpls, ip in ip, gre encapsulations can be parsed. These and other protocol parsers can be added or removed at runtime. TLVs can be parsed in similar manner. Note, tail_call_cnt dynamic check limits the number of tail calls to 32. Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-05-21samples/bpf: bpf_tail_call example for tracingAlexei Starovoitov5-12/+172
kprobe example that demonstrates how future seccomp programs may look like. It attaches to seccomp_phase1() function and tail-calls other BPF programs depending on syscall number. Existing optimized classic BPF seccomp programs generated by Chrome look like: if (sd.nr < 121) { if (sd.nr < 57) { if (sd.nr < 22) { if (sd.nr < 7) { if (sd.nr < 4) { if (sd.nr < 1) { check sys_read } else { if (sd.nr < 3) { check sys_write and sys_open } else { check sys_close } } } else { } else { } else { } else { } else { } the future seccomp using native eBPF may look like: bpf_tail_call(&sd, &syscall_jmp_table, sd.nr); which is simpler, faster and leaves more room for per-syscall checks. Usage: $ sudo ./tracex5 <...>-366 [001] d... 4.870033: : read(fd=1, buf=00007f6d5bebf000, size=771) <...>-369 [003] d... 4.870066: : mmap <...>-369 [003] d... 4.870077: : syscall=110 (one of get/set uid/pid/gid) <...>-369 [003] d... 4.870089: : syscall=107 (one of get/set uid/pid/gid) sh-369 [000] d... 4.891740: : read(fd=0, buf=00000000023d1000, size=512) sh-369 [000] d... 4.891747: : write(fd=1, buf=00000000023d3000, size=512) sh-369 [000] d... 4.891747: : read(fd=1, buf=00000000023d3000, size=512) Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-05-12samples/bpf: fix in-source build of samples with clangBrenden Blanco1-1/+1
in-source build of 'make samples/bpf/' was incorrectly using default compiler instead of invoking clang/llvm. out-of-source build was ok. Fixes: a80857822b0c ("samples: bpf: trivial eBPF program in C") Signed-off-by: Brenden Blanco <bblanco@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-04-16bpf: fix two bugs in verification logic when accessing 'ctx' pointerAlexei Starovoitov1-0/+22
1. first bug is a silly mistake. It broke tracing examples and prevented simple bpf programs from loading. In the following code: if (insn->imm == 0 && BPF_SIZE(insn->code) == BPF_W) { } else if (...) { // this part should have been executed when // insn->code == BPF_W and insn->imm != 0 } Obviously it's not doing that. So simple instructions like: r2 = *(u64 *)(r1 + 8) will be rejected. Note the comments in the code around these branches were and still valid and indicate the true intent. Replace it with: if (BPF_SIZE(insn->code) != BPF_W) continue; if (insn->imm == 0) { } else if (...) { // now this code will be executed when // insn->code == BPF_W and insn->imm != 0 } 2. second bug is more subtle. If malicious code is using the same dest register as source register, the checks designed to prevent the same instruction to be used with different pointer types will fail to trigger, since we were assigning src_reg_type when it was already overwritten by check_mem_access(). The fix is trivial. Just move line: src_reg_type = regs[insn->src_reg].type; before check_mem_access(). Add new 'access skb fields bad4' test to check this case. Fixes: 9bac3d6d548e ("bpf: allow extended BPF programs access skb fields") Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-04-16bpf: fix bpf helpers to use skb->mac_header relative offsetsAlexei Starovoitov1-10/+6
For the short-term solution, lets fix bpf helper functions to use skb->mac_header relative offsets instead of skb->data in order to get the same eBPF programs with cls_bpf and act_bpf work on ingress and egress qdisc path. We need to ensure that mac_header is set before calling into programs. This is effectively the first option from below referenced discussion. More long term solution for LD_ABS|LD_IND instructions will be more intrusive but also more beneficial than this, and implemented later as it's too risky at this point in time. I.e., we plan to look into the option of moving skb_pull() out of eth_type_trans() and into netif_receive_skb() as has been suggested as second option. Meanwhile, this solution ensures ingress can be used with eBPF, too, and that we won't run into ABI troubles later. For dealing with negative offsets inside eBPF helper functions, we've implemented bpf_skb_clone_unwritable() to test for unwriteable headers. Reference: http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.linux.network/359129/focus=359694 Fixes: 608cd71a9c7c ("tc: bpf: generalize pedit action") Fixes: 91bc4822c3d6 ("tc: bpf: add checksum helpers") Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-04-15Merge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/davem/net-nextLinus Torvalds17-19/+716
Pull networking updates from David Miller: 1) Add BQL support to via-rhine, from Tino Reichardt. 2) Integrate SWITCHDEV layer support into the DSA layer, so DSA drivers can support hw switch offloading. From Floria Fainelli. 3) Allow 'ip address' commands to initiate multicast group join/leave, from Madhu Challa. 4) Many ipv4 FIB lookup optimizations from Alexander Duyck. 5) Support EBPF in cls_bpf classifier and act_bpf action, from Daniel Borkmann. 6) Remove the ugly compat support in ARP for ugly layers like ax25, rose, etc. And use this to clean up the neigh layer, then use it to implement MPLS support. All from Eric Biederman. 7) Support L3 forwarding offloading in switches, from Scott Feldman. 8) Collapse the LOCAL and MAIN ipv4 FIB tables when possible, to speed up route lookups even further. From Alexander Duyck. 9) Many improvements and bug fixes to the rhashtable implementation, from Herbert Xu and Thomas Graf. In particular, in the case where an rhashtable user bulk adds a large number of items into an empty table, we expand the table much more sanely. 10) Don't make the tcp_metrics hash table per-namespace, from Eric Biederman. 11) Extend EBPF to access SKB fields, from Alexei Starovoitov. 12) Split out new connection request sockets so that they can be established in the main hash table. Much less false sharing since hash lookups go direct to the request sockets instead of having to go first to the listener then to the request socks hashed underneath. From Eric Dumazet. 13) Add async I/O support for crytpo AF_ALG sockets, from Tadeusz Struk. 14) Support stable privacy address generation for RFC7217 in IPV6. From Hannes Frederic Sowa. 15) Hash network namespace into IP frag IDs, also from Hannes Frederic Sowa. 16) Convert PTP get/set methods to use 64-bit time, from Richard Cochran. * git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/davem/net-next: (1816 commits) fm10k: Bump driver version to 0.15.2 fm10k: corrected VF multicast update fm10k: mbx_update_max_size does not drop all oversized messages fm10k: reset head instead of calling update_max_size fm10k: renamed mbx_tx_dropped to mbx_tx_oversized fm10k: update xcast mode before synchronizing multicast addresses fm10k: start service timer on probe fm10k: fix function header comment fm10k: comment next_vf_mbx flow fm10k: don't handle mailbox events in iov_event path and always process mailbox fm10k: use separate workqueue for fm10k driver fm10k: Set PF queues to unlimited bandwidth during virtualization fm10k: expose tx_timeout_count as an ethtool stat fm10k: only increment tx_timeout_count in Tx hang path fm10k: remove extraneous "Reset interface" message fm10k: separate PF only stats so that VF does not display them fm10k: use hw->mac.max_queues for stats fm10k: only show actual queues, not the maximum in hardware fm10k: allow creation of VLAN on default vid fm10k: fix unused warnings ...
2015-04-14Merge branch 'perf-core-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds16-12/+779
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip Pull perf changes from Ingo Molnar: "Core kernel changes: - One of the more interesting features in this cycle is the ability to attach eBPF programs (user-defined, sandboxed bytecode executed by the kernel) to kprobes. This allows user-defined instrumentation on a live kernel image that can never crash, hang or interfere with the kernel negatively. (Right now it's limited to root-only, but in the future we might allow unprivileged use as well.) (Alexei Starovoitov) - Another non-trivial feature is per event clockid support: this allows, amongst other things, the selection of different clock sources for event timestamps traced via perf. This feature is sought by people who'd like to merge perf generated events with external events that were measured with different clocks: - cluster wide profiling - for system wide tracing with user-space events, - JIT profiling events etc. Matching perf tooling support is added as well, available via the -k, --clockid <clockid> parameter to perf record et al. (Peter Zijlstra) Hardware enablement kernel changes: - x86 Intel Processor Trace (PT) support: which is a hardware tracer on steroids, available on Broadwell CPUs. The hardware trace stream is directly output into the user-space ring-buffer, using the 'AUX' data format extension that was added to the perf core to support hardware constraints such as the necessity to have the tracing buffer physically contiguous. This patch-set was developed for two years and this is the result. A simple way to make use of this is to use BTS tracing, the PT driver emulates BTS output - available via the 'intel_bts' PMU. More explicit PT specific tooling support is in the works as well - will probably be ready by 4.2. (Alexander Shishkin, Peter Zijlstra) - x86 Intel Cache QoS Monitoring (CQM) support: this is a hardware feature of Intel Xeon CPUs that allows the measurement and allocation/partitioning of caches to individual workloads. These kernel changes expose the measurement side as a new PMU driver, which exposes various QoS related PMU events. (The partitioning change is work in progress and is planned to be merged as a cgroup extension.) (Matt Fleming, Peter Zijlstra; CPU feature detection by Peter P Waskiewicz Jr) - x86 Intel Haswell LBR call stack support: this is a new Haswell feature that allows the hardware recording of call chains, plus tooling support. To activate this feature you have to enable it via the new 'lbr' call-graph recording option: perf record --call-graph lbr perf report or: perf top --call-graph lbr This hardware feature is a lot faster than stack walk or dwarf based unwinding, but has some limitations: - It reuses the current LBR facility, so LBR call stack and branch record can not be enabled at the same time. - It is only available for user-space callchains. (Yan, Zheng) - x86 Intel Broadwell CPU support and various event constraints and event table fixes for earlier models. (Andi Kleen) - x86 Intel HT CPUs event scheduling workarounds. This is a complex CPU bug affecting the SNB,IVB,HSW families that results in counter value corruption. The mitigation code is automatically enabled and is transparent. (Maria Dimakopoulou, Stephane Eranian) The perf tooling side had a ton of changes in this cycle as well, so I'm only able to list the user visible changes here, in addition to the tooling changes outlined above: User visible changes affecting all tools: - Improve support of compressed kernel modules (Jiri Olsa) - Save DSO loading errno to better report errors (Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo) - Bash completion for subcommands (Yunlong Song) - Add 'I' event modifier for perf_event_attr.exclude_idle bit (Jiri Olsa) - Support missing -f to override perf.data file ownership. (Yunlong Song) - Show the first event with an invalid filter (David Ahern, Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo) User visible changes in individual tools: 'perf data': New tool for converting perf.data to other formats, initially for the CTF (Common Trace Format) from LTTng (Jiri Olsa, Sebastian Siewior) 'perf diff': Add --kallsyms option (David Ahern) 'perf list': Allow listing events with 'tracepoint' prefix (Yunlong Song) Sort the output of the command (Yunlong Song) 'perf kmem': Respect -i option (Jiri Olsa) Print big numbers using thousands' group (Namhyung Kim) Allow -v option (Namhyung Kim) Fix alignment of slab result table (Namhyung Kim) 'perf probe': Support multiple probes on different binaries on the same command line (Masami Hiramatsu) Support unnamed union/structure members data collection. (Masami Hiramatsu) Check kprobes blacklist when adding new events. (Masami Hiramatsu) 'perf record': Teach 'perf record' about perf_event_attr.clockid (Peter Zijlstra) Support recording running/enabled time (Andi Kleen) 'perf sched': Improve the performance of 'perf sched replay' on high CPU core count machines (Yunlong Song) 'perf report' and 'perf top': Allow annotating entries in callchains in the hists browser (Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo) Indicate which callchain entries are annotated in the TUI hists browser (Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo) Add pid/tid filtering to 'report' and 'script' commands (David Ahern) Consider PERF_RECORD_ events with cpumode == 0 in 'perf top', removing one cause of long term memory usage buildup, i.e. not processing PERF_RECORD_EXIT events (Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo) 'perf stat': Report unsupported events properly (Suzuki K. Poulose) Output running time and run/enabled ratio in CSV mode (Andi Kleen) 'perf trace': Handle legacy syscalls tracepoints (David Ahern, Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo) Only insert blank duration bracket when tracing syscalls (Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo) Filter out the trace pid when no threads are specified (Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo) Dump stack on segfaults (Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo) No need to explicitely enable evsels for workload started from perf, let it be enabled via perf_event_attr.enable_on_exec, removing some events that take place in the 'perf trace' before a workload is really started by it. (Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo) Allow mixing with tracepoints and suppressing plain syscalls. (Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo) There's also been a ton of infrastructure work done, such as the split-out of perf's build system into tools/build/ and other changes - see the shortlog and changelog for details" * 'perf-core-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip: (358 commits) perf/x86/intel/pt: Clean up the control flow in pt_pmu_hw_init() perf evlist: Fix type for references to data_head/tail perf probe: Check the orphaned -x option perf probe: Support multiple probes on different binaries perf buildid-list: Fix segfault when show DSOs with hits perf tools: Fix cross-endian analysis perf tools: Fix error path to do closedir() when synthesizing threads perf tools: Fix synthesizing fork_event.ppid for non-main thread perf tools: Add 'I' event modifier for exclude_idle bit perf report: Don't call map__kmap if map is NULL. perf tests: Fix attr tests perf probe: Fix ARM 32 building error perf tools: Merge all perf_event_attr print functions perf record: Add clockid parameter perf sched replay: Use replay_repeat to calculate the runavg of cpu usage instead of the default value 10 perf sched replay: Support using -f to override perf.data file ownership perf sched replay: Fix the EMFILE error caused by the limitation of the maximum open files perf sched replay: Handle the dead halt of sem_wait when create_tasks() fails for any task perf sched replay: Fix the segmentation fault problem caused by pr_err in threads perf sched replay: Realloc the memory of pid_to_task stepwise to adapt to the different pid_max configurations ...
2015-04-14Merge tag 'trace-v4.1' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-2/+82
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rostedt/linux-trace Pull tracing updates from Steven Rostedt: "Some clean ups and small fixes, but the biggest change is the addition of the TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM() macro that can be used by tracepoints. Tracepoints have helper functions for the TP_printk() called __print_symbolic() and __print_flags() that lets a numeric number be displayed as a a human comprehensible text. What is placed in the TP_printk() is also shown in the tracepoint format file such that user space tools like perf and trace-cmd can parse the binary data and express the values too. Unfortunately, the way the TRACE_EVENT() macro works, anything placed in the TP_printk() will be shown pretty much exactly as is. The problem arises when enums are used. That's because unlike macros, enums will not be changed into their values by the C pre-processor. Thus, the enum string is exported to the format file, and this makes it useless for user space tools. The TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM() solves this by converting the enum strings in the TP_printk() format into their number, and that is what is shown to user space. For example, the tracepoint tlb_flush currently has this in its format file: __print_symbolic(REC->reason, { TLB_FLUSH_ON_TASK_SWITCH, "flush on task switch" }, { TLB_REMOTE_SHOOTDOWN, "remote shootdown" }, { TLB_LOCAL_SHOOTDOWN, "local shootdown" }, { TLB_LOCAL_MM_SHOOTDOWN, "local mm shootdown" }) After adding: TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(TLB_FLUSH_ON_TASK_SWITCH); TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(TLB_REMOTE_SHOOTDOWN); TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(TLB_LOCAL_SHOOTDOWN); TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(TLB_LOCAL_MM_SHOOTDOWN); Its format file will contain this: __print_symbolic(REC->reason, { 0, "flush on task switch" }, { 1, "remote shootdown" }, { 2, "local shootdown" }, { 3, "local mm shootdown" })" * tag 'trace-v4.1' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rostedt/linux-trace: (27 commits) tracing: Add enum_map file to show enums that have been mapped writeback: Export enums used by tracepoint to user space v4l: Export enums used by tracepoints to user space SUNRPC: Export enums in tracepoints to user space mm: tracing: Export enums in tracepoints to user space irq/tracing: Export enums in tracepoints to user space f2fs: Export the enums in the tracepoints to userspace net/9p/tracing: Export enums in tracepoints to userspace x86/tlb/trace: Export enums in used by tlb_flush tracepoint tracing/samples: Update the trace-event-sample.h with TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM() tracing: Allow for modules to convert their enums to values tracing: Add TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM() macro to map enums to their values tracing: Update trace-event-sample with TRACE_SYSTEM_VAR documentation tracing: Give system name a pointer brcmsmac: Move each system tracepoints to their own header iwlwifi: Move each system tracepoints to their own header mac80211: Move message tracepoints to their own header tracing: Add TRACE_SYSTEM_VAR to xhci-hcd tracing: Add TRACE_SYSTEM_VAR to kvm-s390 tracing: Add TRACE_SYSTEM_VAR to intel-sst ...
2015-04-14Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds2-1/+7
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jikos/hid Pull HID updates from Jiri Kosina: - quite a few firmware fixes for RMI driver by Andrew Duggan - huion and uclogic drivers have been substantially overlaping in functionality laterly. This redundancy is fixed by hid-huion driver being merged into hid-uclogic; work done by Benjamin Tissoires and Nikolai Kondrashov - i2c-hid now supports ACPI GPIO interrupts; patch from Mika Westerberg - Some of the quirks, that got separated into individual drivers, have historically had EXPERT dependency. As HID subsystem matured (as well as the individual drivers), this made less and less sense. This dependency is now being removed by patch from Jean Delvare - Logitech lg4ff driver received a couple of improvements for mode switching, by Michal Malý - multitouch driver now supports clickpads, patches by Benjamin Tissoires and Seth Forshee - hid-sensor framework received a substantial update; namely support for Custom and Generic pages is being added; work done by Srinivas Pandruvada - wacom driver received substantial update; it now supports i2c-conntected devices (Mika Westerberg), Bamboo PADs are now properly supported (Benjamin Tissoires), much improved battery reporting (Jason Gerecke) and pen proximity cleanups (Ping Cheng) - small assorted fixes and device ID additions * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jikos/hid: (68 commits) HID: sensor: Update document for custom sensor HID: sensor: Custom and Generic sensor support HID: debug: fix error handling in hid_debug_events_read() Input - mt: Fix input_mt_get_slot_by_key HID: logitech-hidpp: fix error return code HID: wacom: Add support for Cintiq 13HD Touch HID: logitech-hidpp: add a module parameter to keep firmware gestures HID: usbhid: yet another mouse with ALWAYS_POLL HID: usbhid: more mice with ALWAYS_POLL HID: wacom: set stylus_in_proximity before checking touch_down HID: wacom: use wacom_wac_finger_count_touches to set touch_down HID: wacom: remove hardcoded WACOM_QUIRK_MULTI_INPUT HID: pidff: effect can't be NULL HID: add quirk for PIXART OEM mouse used by HP HID: add HP OEM mouse to quirk ALWAYS_POLL HID: wacom: ask for a in-prox report when it was missed HID: hid-sensor-hub: Fix sparse warning HID: hid-sensor-hub: fix attribute read for logical usage id HID: plantronics: fix Kconfig default HID: pidff: support more than one concurrent effect ...
2015-04-13Merge branches 'for-4.0/upstream-fixes', 'for-4.1/genius', ↵Jiri Kosina10-17/+510
'for-4.1/huion-uclogic-merge', 'for-4.1/i2c-hid', 'for-4.1/kconfig-drop-expert-dependency', 'for-4.1/logitech', 'for-4.1/multitouch', 'for-4.1/rmi', 'for-4.1/sony', 'for-4.1/upstream' and 'for-4.1/wacom' into for-linus
2015-04-08tracing/samples: Update the trace-event-sample.h with TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM()Steven Rostedt (Red Hat)1-1/+63
Document the use of TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM() by adding enums to the trace-event-sample.h and using this macro to convert them in the format files. Also update the comments and sho the use of __print_symbolic() and __print_flags() as well as adding comments abount __print_array(). Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20150403013802.220157513@goodmis.org Reviewed-by: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com> Tested-by: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2015-04-08tracing: Update trace-event-sample with TRACE_SYSTEM_VAR documentationSteven Rostedt (Red Hat)1-1/+19
Add documentation about TRACE_SYSTEM needing to be alpha-numeric or with underscores, and that if it is not, then the use of TRACE_SYSTEM_VAR is required to make something that is. An example of this is shown in samples/trace_events/trace-events-sample.h Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20150403013802.220157513@goodmis.org Reviewed-by: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com> Tested-by: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
2015-04-06tc: bpf: add checksum helpersAlexei Starovoitov3-0/+79
Commit 608cd71a9c7c ("tc: bpf: generalize pedit action") has added the possibility to mangle packet data to BPF programs in the tc pipeline. This patch adds two helpers bpf_l3_csum_replace() and bpf_l4_csum_replace() for fixing up the protocol checksums after the packet mangling. It also adds 'flags' argument to bpf_skb_store_bytes() helper to avoid unnecessary checksum recomputations when BPF programs adjusting l3/l4 checksums and documents all three helpers in uapi header. Moreover, a sample program is added to show how BPF programs can make use of the mangle and csum helpers. Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Acked-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-04-02samples/bpf: Add kmem_alloc()/free() tracker toolAlexei Starovoitov3-0/+127
One BPF program attaches to kmem_cache_alloc_node() and remembers all allocated objects in the map. Another program attaches to kmem_cache_free() and deletes corresponding object from the map. User space walks the map every second and prints any objects which are older than 1 second. Usage: $ sudo tracex4 Then start few long living processes. The 'tracex4' will print something like this: obj 0xffff880465928000 is 13sec old was allocated at ip ffffffff8105dc32 obj 0xffff88043181c280 is 13sec old was allocated at ip ffffffff8105dc32 obj 0xffff880465848000 is 8sec old was allocated at ip ffffffff8105dc32 obj 0xffff8804338bc280 is 15sec old was allocated at ip ffffffff8105dc32 $ addr2line -fispe vmlinux ffffffff8105dc32 do_fork at fork.c:1665 As soon as processes exit the memory is reclaimed and 'tracex4' prints nothing. Similar experiment can be done with the __kmalloc()/kfree() pair. Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@infradead.org> Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com> Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net> Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@redhat.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com> Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1427312966-8434-10-git-send-email-ast@plumgrid.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2015-04-02samples/bpf: Add IO latency analysis (iosnoop/heatmap) toolAlexei Starovoitov3-0/+243
BPF C program attaches to blk_mq_start_request()/blk_update_request() kprobe events to calculate IO latency. For every completed block IO event it computes the time delta in nsec and records in a histogram map: map[log10(delta)*10]++ User space reads this histogram map every 2 seconds and prints it as a 'heatmap' using gray shades of text terminal. Black spaces have many events and white spaces have very few events. Left most space is the smallest latency, right most space is the largest latency in the range. Usage: $ sudo ./tracex3 and do 'sudo dd if=/dev/sda of=/dev/null' in other terminal. Observe IO latencies and how different activity (like 'make kernel') affects it. Similar experiments can be done for network transmit latencies, syscalls, etc. '-t' flag prints the heatmap using normal ascii characters: $ sudo ./tracex3 -t heatmap of IO latency # - many events with this latency - few events |1us |10us |100us |1ms |10ms |100ms |1s |10s *ooo. *O.#. # 221 . *# . # 125 .. .o#*.. # 55 . . . . .#O # 37 .# # 175 .#*. # 37 # # 199 . . *#*. # 55 *#..* # 42 # # 266 ...***Oo#*OO**o#* . # 629 # # 271 . .#o* o.*o* # 221 . . o* *#O.. # 50 Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@infradead.org> Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com> Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net> Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@redhat.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com> Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1427312966-8434-9-git-send-email-ast@plumgrid.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2015-04-02samples/bpf: Add counting example for kfree_skb() function calls and the ↵Alexei Starovoitov3-0/+185
write() syscall this example has two probes in one C file that attach to different kprove events and use two different maps. 1st probe is x64 specific equivalent of dropmon. It attaches to kfree_skb, retrevies 'ip' address of kfree_skb() caller and counts number of packet drops at that 'ip' address. User space prints 'location - count' map every second. 2nd probe attaches to kprobe:sys_write and computes a histogram of different write sizes Usage: $ sudo tracex2 location 0xffffffff81695995 count 1 location 0xffffffff816d0da9 count 2 location 0xffffffff81695995 count 2 location 0xffffffff816d0da9 count 2 location 0xffffffff81695995 count 3 location 0xffffffff816d0da9 count 2 557145+0 records in 557145+0 records out 285258240 bytes (285 MB) copied, 1.02379 s, 279 MB/s syscall write() stats byte_size : count distribution 1 -> 1 : 3 | | 2 -> 3 : 0 | | 4 -> 7 : 0 | | 8 -> 15 : 0 | | 16 -> 31 : 2 | | 32 -> 63 : 3 | | 64 -> 127 : 1 | | 128 -> 255 : 1 | | 256 -> 511 : 0 | | 512 -> 1023 : 1118968 |************************************* | Ctrl-C at any time. Kernel will auto cleanup maps and programs $ addr2line -ape ./bld_x64/vmlinux 0xffffffff81695995 0xffffffff816d0da9 0xffffffff81695995: ./bld_x64/../net/ipv4/icmp.c:1038 0xffffffff816d0da9: ./bld_x64/../net/unix/af_unix.c:1231 Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@infradead.org> Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com> Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net> Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@redhat.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com> Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1427312966-8434-8-git-send-email-ast@plumgrid.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2015-04-02samples/bpf: Add simple non-portable kprobe filter exampleAlexei Starovoitov10-12/+224
tracex1_kern.c - C program compiled into BPF. It attaches to kprobe:netif_receive_skb() When skb->dev->name == "lo", it prints sample debug message into trace_pipe via bpf_trace_printk() helper function. tracex1_user.c - corresponding user space component that: - loads BPF program via bpf() syscall - opens kprobes:netif_receive_skb event via perf_event_open() syscall - attaches the program to event via ioctl(event_fd, PERF_EVENT_IOC_SET_BPF, prog_fd); - prints from trace_pipe Note, this BPF program is non-portable. It must be recompiled with current kernel headers. kprobe is not a stable ABI and BPF+kprobe scripts may no longer be meaningful when kernel internals change. No matter in what way the kernel changes, neither the kprobe, nor the BPF program can ever crash or corrupt the kernel, assuming the kprobes, perf and BPF subsystem has no bugs. The verifier will detect that the program is using bpf_trace_printk() and the kernel will print 'this is a DEBUG kernel' warning banner, which means that bpf_trace_printk() should be used for debugging of the BPF program only. Usage: $ sudo tracex1 ping-19826 [000] d.s2 63103.382648: : skb ffff880466b1ca00 len 84 ping-19826 [000] d.s2 63103.382684: : skb ffff880466b1d300 len 84 ping-19826 [000] d.s2 63104.382533: : skb ffff880466b1ca00 len 84 ping-19826 [000] d.s2 63104.382594: : skb ffff880466b1d300 len 84 Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@infradead.org> Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@redhat.com> Cc: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net> Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net> Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@redhat.com> Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Cc: Masami Hiramatsu <masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com> Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org> Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org> Link: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1427312966-8434-7-git-send-email-ast@plumgrid.com Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
2015-03-25samples/kobject: be explicit in the module licenseGreg Kroah-Hartman2-2/+2
Rusty pointed out that the module license should be "GPL v2" to properly match the notice at the top of the files, so make that change. Reported-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2015-03-25samples/kobject: Use kstrtoint instead of sscanfRastislav Barlik2-6/+22
Use kstrtoint function instead of sscanf and check for return values. Signed-off-by: Rastislav Barlik <barlik@zoho.com> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
2015-03-17bpf: allow BPF programs access 'protocol' and 'vlan_tci' fieldsAlexei Starovoitov1-0/+9
as a follow on to patch 70006af95515 ("bpf: allow eBPF access skb fields") this patch allows 'protocol' and 'vlan_tci' fields to be accessible from extended BPF programs. The usage of 'protocol', 'vlan_present' and 'vlan_tci' fields is the same as corresponding SKF_AD_PROTOCOL, SKF_AD_VLAN_TAG_PRESENT and SKF_AD_VLAN_TAG accesses in classic BPF. Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-03-15samples: bpf: add skb->field examples and testsAlexei Starovoitov5-16/+101
- modify sockex1 example to count number of bytes in outgoing packets - modify sockex2 example to count number of bytes and packets per flow - add 4 stress tests that exercise 'skb->field' code path of verifier Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-03-15HID: samples/hidraw: make it possible to select devicePavel Machek2-1/+7
Makefile that can actually build the example, and allow selecting device to work on. Signed-off-by: Pavel Machek <pavel@ucw.cz> Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
2015-03-01ebpf: export BPF_PSEUDO_MAP_FD to uapiDaniel Borkmann1-1/+3
We need to export BPF_PSEUDO_MAP_FD to user space, as it's used in the ELF BPF loader where instructions are being loaded that need map fixups. An initial stage loads all maps into the kernel, and later on replaces related instructions in the eBPF blob with BPF_PSEUDO_MAP_FD as source register and the actual fd as immediate value. The kernel verifier recognizes this keyword and replaces the map fd with a real pointer internally. Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net> Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-03-01ebpf: remove kernel test stubsDaniel Borkmann1-2/+3
Now that we have BPF_PROG_TYPE_SOCKET_FILTER up and running, we can remove the test stubs which were added to get the verifier suite up. We can just let the test cases probe under socket filter type instead. In the fill/spill test case, we cannot (yet) access fields from the context (skb), but we may adapt that test case in future. Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <daniel@iogearbox.net> Acked-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@plumgrid.com> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-02-23samples/pktgen: Show the results rather than just commenting where they areBen Hutchings8-16/+8
Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <ben.hutchings@codethink.co.uk> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-02-23samples/pktgen: Trap SIGINTBen Hutchings8-0/+8
Otherwise ^C stops the script, not just pktgen. Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <ben.hutchings@codethink.co.uk> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-02-23samples/pktgen: Use bash as interpreterBen Hutchings8-8/+8
These scripts use the non-POSIX 'function' and 'local' keywords so they won't work with every /bin/sh. We could drop 'function' as it is a no-op, but 'local' makes for cleaner scripts. Require use of bash. Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <ben.hutchings@codethink.co.uk> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-02-23samples/pktgen: Remove setting of obsolete max_before_softirq parameterBen Hutchings8-18/+0
Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <ben.hutchings@codethink.co.uk> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-02-23samples/pktgen: Correct comments about the thread configBen Hutchings8-8/+9
They all claimed to be two CPU examples using eth1, eth2 but that is only true in one case! Rob Jones pointed out spelling and grammar errors here, which I've also corrected. Cc: Rob Jones <rob.jones@codethink.co.uk> Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <ben.hutchings@codethink.co.uk> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-02-23samples/pktgen: Delete unused function pg()Ben Hutchings8-40/+0
This function is not used and wouldn't do anything useful as pktgen does not have an 'inject' command. Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <ben.hutchings@codethink.co.uk> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-02-23samples/pktgen: Add sample scripts for pktgen facilityBen Hutchings8-0/+578
These are Robert Olsson's samples which used to be available from <ftp://robur.slu.se/pub/Linux/net-development/pktgen-testing/examples/> but currently are not. Change the documentation to refer to these consistently as 'sample scripts', matching the directory name used here. Cc: Robert Olsson <robert@herjulf.se> Signed-off-by: Ben Hutchings <ben.hutchings@codethink.co.uk> Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
2015-02-17samples/seccomp: improve label helperKees Cook2-1/+9
Fixes a potential corruption with uninitialized stack memory in the seccomp BPF sample program. [akpm@linux-foundation.org: coding-style fixlet] Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org> Reported-by: Robert Swiecki <swiecki@google.com> Tested-by: Robert Swiecki <swiecki@google.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
2015-02-12Merge tag 'trace-v3.20' of ↵Linus Torvalds2-14/+394
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rostedt/linux-trace Pull tracing updates from Steven Rostedt: "The updates included in this pull request for ftrace are: o Several clean ups to the code One such clean up was to convert to 64 bit time keeping, in the ring buffer benchmark code. o Adding of __print_array() helper macro for TRACE_EVENT() o Updating the sample/trace_events/ to add samples of different ways to make trace events. Lots of features have been added since the sample code was made, and these features are mostly unknown. Developers have been making their own hacks to do things that are already available. o Performance improvements. Most notably, I found a performance bug where a waiter that is waiting for a full page from the ring buffer will see that a full page is not available, and go to sleep. The sched event caused by it going to sleep would cause it to wake up again. It would see that there was still not a full page, and go back to sleep again, and that would wake it up again, until finally it would see a full page. This change has been marked for stable. Other improvements include removing global locks from fast paths" * tag 'trace-v3.20' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rostedt/linux-trace: ring-buffer: Do not wake up a splice waiter when page is not full tracing: Fix unmapping loop in tracing_mark_write tracing: Add samples of DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS() and DEFINE_EVENT() tracing: Add TRACE_EVENT_FN example tracing: Add TRACE_EVENT_CONDITION sample tracing: Update the TRACE_EVENT fields available in the sample code tracing: Separate out initializing top level dir from instances tracing: Make tracing_init_dentry_tr() static trace: Use 64-bit timekeeping tracing: Add array printing helper tracing: Remove newline from trace_printk warning banner tracing: Use IS_ERR() check for return value of tracing_init_dentry() tracing: Remove unneeded includes of debugfs.h and fs.h tracing: Remove taking of trace_types_lock in pipe files tracing: Add ref count to tracer for when they are being read by pipe
2015-02-10Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds4-1/+100
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jikos/livepatching Pull live patching infrastructure from Jiri Kosina: "Let me provide a bit of history first, before describing what is in this pile. Originally, there was kSplice as a standalone project that implemented stop_machine()-based patching for the linux kernel. This project got later acquired, and the current owner is providing live patching as a proprietary service, without any intentions to have their implementation merged. Then, due to rising user/customer demand, both Red Hat and SUSE started working on their own implementation (not knowing about each other), and announced first versions roughly at the same time [1] [2]. The principle difference between the two solutions is how they are making sure that the patching is performed in a consistent way when it comes to different execution threads with respect to the semantic nature of the change that is being introduced. In a nutshell, kPatch is issuing stop_machine(), then looking at stacks of all existing processess, and if it decides that the system is in a state that can be patched safely, it proceeds insterting code redirection machinery to the patched functions. On the other hand, kGraft provides a per-thread consistency during one single pass of a process through the kernel and performs a lazy contignuous migration of threads from "unpatched" universe to the "patched" one at safe checkpoints. If interested in a more detailed discussion about the consistency models and its possible combinations, please see the thread that evolved around [3]. It pretty quickly became obvious to the interested parties that it's absolutely impractical in this case to have several isolated solutions for one task to co-exist in the kernel. During a dedicated Live Kernel Patching track at LPC in Dusseldorf, all the interested parties sat together and came up with a joint aproach that would work for both distro vendors. Steven Rostedt took notes [4] from this meeting. And the foundation for that aproach is what's present in this pull request. It provides a basic infrastructure for function "live patching" (i.e. code redirection), including API for kernel modules containing the actual patches, and API/ABI for userspace to be able to operate on the patches (look up what patches are applied, enable/disable them, etc). It's relatively simple and minimalistic, as it's making use of existing kernel infrastructure (namely ftrace) as much as possible. It's also self-contained, in a sense that it doesn't hook itself in any other kernel subsystem (it doesn't even touch any other code). It's now implemented for x86 only as a reference architecture, but support for powerpc, s390 and arm is already in the works (adding arch-specific support basically boils down to teaching ftrace about regs-saving). Once this common infrastructure gets merged, both Red Hat and SUSE have agreed to immediately start porting their current solutions on top of this, abandoning their out-of-tree code. The plan basically is that each patch will be marked by flag(s) that would indicate which consistency model it is willing to use (again, the details have been sketched out already in the thread at [3]). Before this happens, the current codebase can be used to patch a large group of secruity/stability problems the patches for which are not too complex (in a sense that they don't introduce non-trivial change of function's return value semantics, they don't change layout of data structures, etc) -- this corresponds to LEAVE_FUNCTION && SWITCH_FUNCTION semantics described at [3]. This tree has been in linux-next since December. [1] https://lkml.org/lkml/2014/4/30/477 [2] https://lkml.org/lkml/2014/7/14/857 [3] https://lkml.org/lkml/2014/11/7/354 [4] http://linuxplumbersconf.org/2014/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/LPC2014_LivePatching.txt [ The core code is introduced by the three commits authored by Seth Jennings, which got a lot of changes incorporated during numerous respins and reviews of the initial implementation. All the followup commits have materialized only after public tree has been created, so they were not folded into initial three commits so that the public tree doesn't get rebased ]" * 'for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jikos/livepatching: livepatch: add missing newline to error message livepatch: rename config to CONFIG_LIVEPATCH livepatch: fix uninitialized return value livepatch: support for repatching a function livepatch: enforce patch stacking semantics livepatch: change ARCH_HAVE_LIVE_PATCHING to HAVE_LIVE_PATCHING livepatch: fix deferred module patching order livepatch: handle ancient compilers with more grace livepatch: kconfig: use bool instead of boolean livepatch: samples: fix usage example comments livepatch: MAINTAINERS: add git tree location livepatch: use FTRACE_OPS_FL_IPMODIFY livepatch: move x86 specific ftrace handler code to arch/x86 livepatch: samples: add sample live patching module livepatch: kernel: add support for live patching livepatch: kernel: add TAINT_LIVEPATCH
2015-02-09tracing: Add samples of DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS() and DEFINE_EVENT()Steven Rostedt (Red Hat)2-0/+88
Add to samples/trace_events/ the macros DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS() and DEFINE_EVENT() and recommend using them over multiple TRACE_EVENT() macros if the multiple events have the same format. Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>

Privacy Policy