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path: root/drivers/target/target_core_user.c
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/*
 * Copyright (C) 2013 Shaohua Li <shli@kernel.org>
 * Copyright (C) 2014 Red Hat, Inc.
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License,
 * version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope it will be useful, but WITHOUT
 * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License for
 * more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with
 * this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
 * 51 Franklin St - Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
 */

#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/idr.h>
#include <linux/timer.h>
#include <linux/parser.h>
#include <scsi/scsi.h>
#include <scsi/scsi_host.h>
#include <linux/uio_driver.h>
#include <net/genetlink.h>
#include <target/target_core_base.h>
#include <target/target_core_fabric.h>
#include <target/target_core_backend.h>
#include <target/target_core_backend_configfs.h>

#include <linux/target_core_user.h>

/*
 * Define a shared-memory interface for LIO to pass SCSI commands and
 * data to userspace for processing. This is to allow backends that
 * are too complex for in-kernel support to be possible.
 *
 * It uses the UIO framework to do a lot of the device-creation and
 * introspection work for us.
 *
 * See the .h file for how the ring is laid out. Note that while the
 * command ring is defined, the particulars of the data area are
 * not. Offset values in the command entry point to other locations
 * internal to the mmap()ed area. There is separate space outside the
 * command ring for data buffers. This leaves maximum flexibility for
 * moving buffer allocations, or even page flipping or other
 * allocation techniques, without altering the command ring layout.
 *
 * SECURITY:
 * The user process must be assumed to be malicious. There's no way to
 * prevent it breaking the command ring protocol if it wants, but in
 * order to prevent other issues we must only ever read *data* from
 * the shared memory area, not offsets or sizes. This applies to
 * command ring entries as well as the mailbox. Extra code needed for
 * this may have a 'UAM' comment.
 */


#define TCMU_TIME_OUT (30 * MSEC_PER_SEC)

#define CMDR_SIZE (16 * 4096)
#define DATA_SIZE (257 * 4096)

#define TCMU_RING_SIZE (CMDR_SIZE + DATA_SIZE)

static struct device *tcmu_root_device;

struct tcmu_hba {
	u32 host_id;
};

/* User wants all cmds or just some */
enum passthru_level {
	TCMU_PASS_ALL = 0,
	TCMU_PASS_IO,
	TCMU_PASS_INVALID,
};

#define TCMU_CONFIG_LEN 256

struct tcmu_dev {
	struct se_device se_dev;

	char *name;
	struct se_hba *hba;

#define TCMU_DEV_BIT_OPEN 0
#define TCMU_DEV_BIT_BROKEN 1
	unsigned long flags;
	enum passthru_level pass_level;

	struct uio_info uio_info;

	struct tcmu_mailbox *mb_addr;
	size_t dev_size;
	u32 cmdr_size;
	u32 cmdr_last_cleaned;
	/* Offset of data ring from start of mb */
	size_t data_off;
	size_t data_size;
	/* Ring head + tail values. */
	/* Must add data_off and mb_addr to get the address */
	size_t data_head;
	size_t data_tail;

	wait_queue_head_t wait_cmdr;
	/* TODO should this be a mutex? */
	spinlock_t cmdr_lock;

	struct idr commands;
	spinlock_t commands_lock;

	struct timer_list timeout;

	char dev_config[TCMU_CONFIG_LEN];
};

#define TCMU_DEV(_se_dev) container_of(_se_dev, struct tcmu_dev, se_dev)

#define CMDR_OFF sizeof(struct tcmu_mailbox)

struct tcmu_cmd {
	struct se_cmd *se_cmd;
	struct tcmu_dev *tcmu_dev;

	uint16_t cmd_id;

	/* Can't use se_cmd->data_length when cleaning up expired cmds, because if
	   cmd has been completed then accessing se_cmd is off limits */
	size_t data_length;

	unsigned long deadline;

#define TCMU_CMD_BIT_EXPIRED 0
	unsigned long flags;
};

static struct kmem_cache *tcmu_cmd_cache;

/* multicast group */
enum tcmu_multicast_groups {
	TCMU_MCGRP_CONFIG,
};

static const struct genl_multicast_group tcmu_mcgrps[] = {
	[TCMU_MCGRP_CONFIG] = { .name = "config", },
};

/* Our generic netlink family */
static struct genl_family tcmu_genl_family = {
	.id = GENL_ID_GENERATE,
	.hdrsize = 0,
	.name = "TCM-USER",
	.version = 1,
	.maxattr = TCMU_ATTR_MAX,
	.mcgrps = tcmu_mcgrps,
	.n_mcgrps = ARRAY_SIZE(tcmu_mcgrps),
};

static struct tcmu_cmd *tcmu_alloc_cmd(struct se_cmd *se_cmd)
{
	struct se_device *se_dev = se_cmd->se_dev;
	struct tcmu_dev *udev = TCMU_DEV(se_dev);
	struct tcmu_cmd *tcmu_cmd;
	int cmd_id;

	tcmu_cmd = kmem_cache_zalloc(tcmu_cmd_cache, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!tcmu_cmd)
		return NULL;

	tcmu_cmd->se_cmd = se_cmd;
	tcmu_cmd->tcmu_dev = udev;
	tcmu_cmd->data_length = se_cmd->data_length;

	tcmu_cmd->deadline = jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(TCMU_TIME_OUT);

	idr_preload(GFP_KERNEL);
	spin_lock_irq(&udev->commands_lock);
	cmd_id = idr_alloc(&udev->commands, tcmu_cmd, 0,
		USHRT_MAX, GFP_NOWAIT);
	spin_unlock_irq(&udev->commands_lock);
	idr_preload_end();

	if (cmd_id < 0) {
		kmem_cache_free(tcmu_cmd_cache, tcmu_cmd);
		return NULL;
	}
	tcmu_cmd->cmd_id = cmd_id;

	return tcmu_cmd;
}

static inline void tcmu_flush_dcache_range(void *vaddr, size_t size)
{
	unsigned long offset = (unsigned long) vaddr & ~PAGE_MASK;

	size = round_up(size+offset, PAGE_SIZE);
	vaddr -= offset;

	while (size) {
		flush_dcache_page(virt_to_page(vaddr));
		size -= PAGE_SIZE;
	}
}

/*
 * Some ring helper functions. We don't assume size is a power of 2 so
 * we can't use circ_buf.h.
 */
static inline size_t spc_used(size_t head, size_t tail, size_t size)
{
	int diff = head - tail;

	if (diff >= 0)
		return diff;
	else
		return size + diff;
}

static inline size_t spc_free(size_t head, size_t tail, size_t size)
{
	/* Keep 1 byte unused or we can't tell full from empty */
	return (size - spc_used(head, tail, size) - 1);
}

static inline size_t head_to_end(size_t head, size_t size)
{
	return size - head;
}

#define UPDATE_HEAD(head, used, size) smp_store_release(&head, ((head % size) + used) % size)

/*
 * We can't queue a command until we have space available on the cmd ring *and* space
 * space avail on the data ring.
 *
 * Called with ring lock held.
 */
static bool is_ring_space_avail(struct tcmu_dev *udev, size_t cmd_size, size_t data_needed)
{
	struct tcmu_mailbox *mb = udev->mb_addr;
	size_t space;
	u32 cmd_head;
	size_t cmd_needed;

	tcmu_flush_dcache_range(mb, sizeof(*mb));

	cmd_head = mb->cmd_head % udev->cmdr_size; /* UAM */

	/*
	 * If cmd end-of-ring space is too small then we need space for a NOP plus
	 * original cmd - cmds are internally contiguous.
	 */
	if (head_to_end(cmd_head, udev->cmdr_size) >= cmd_size)
		cmd_needed = cmd_size;
	else
		cmd_needed = cmd_size + head_to_end(cmd_head, udev->cmdr_size);

	space = spc_free(cmd_head, udev->cmdr_last_cleaned, udev->cmdr_size);
	if (space < cmd_needed) {
		pr_debug("no cmd space: %u %u %u\n", cmd_head,
		       udev->cmdr_last_cleaned, udev->cmdr_size);
		return false;
	}

	space = spc_free(udev->data_head, udev->data_tail, udev->data_size);
	if (space < data_needed) {
		pr_debug("no data space: %zu %zu %zu\n", udev->data_head,
		       udev->data_tail, udev->data_size);
		return false;
	}

	return true;
}

static int tcmu_queue_cmd_ring(struct tcmu_cmd *tcmu_cmd)
{
	struct tcmu_dev *udev = tcmu_cmd->tcmu_dev;
	struct se_cmd *se_cmd = tcmu_cmd->se_cmd;
	size_t base_command_size, command_size;
	struct tcmu_mailbox *mb;
	struct tcmu_cmd_entry *entry;
	int i;
	struct scatterlist *sg;
	struct iovec *iov;
	int iov_cnt = 0;
	uint32_t cmd_head;
	uint64_t cdb_off;

	if (test_bit(TCMU_DEV_BIT_BROKEN, &udev->flags))
		return -EINVAL;

	/*
	 * Must be a certain minimum size for response sense info, but
	 * also may be larger if the iov array is large.
	 *
	 * iovs = sgl_nents+1, for end-of-ring case, plus another 1
	 * b/c size == offsetof one-past-element.
	*/
	base_command_size = max(offsetof(struct tcmu_cmd_entry,
					 req.iov[se_cmd->t_data_nents + 2]),
				sizeof(struct tcmu_cmd_entry));
	command_size = base_command_size
		+ round_up(scsi_command_size(se_cmd->t_task_cdb), TCMU_OP_ALIGN_SIZE);

	WARN_ON(command_size & (TCMU_OP_ALIGN_SIZE-1));

	spin_lock_irq(&udev->cmdr_lock);

	mb = udev->mb_addr;
	cmd_head = mb->cmd_head % udev->cmdr_size; /* UAM */
	if ((command_size > (udev->cmdr_size / 2))
	    || tcmu_cmd->data_length > (udev->data_size - 1))
		pr_warn("TCMU: Request of size %zu/%zu may be too big for %u/%zu "
			"cmd/data ring buffers\n", command_size, tcmu_cmd->data_length,
			udev->cmdr_size, udev->data_size);

	while (!is_ring_space_avail(udev, command_size, tcmu_cmd->data_length)) {
		int ret;
		DEFINE_WAIT(__wait);

		prepare_to_wait(&udev->wait_cmdr, &__wait, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);

		pr_debug("sleeping for ring space\n");
		spin_unlock_irq(&udev->cmdr_lock);
		ret = schedule_timeout(msecs_to_jiffies(TCMU_TIME_OUT));
		finish_wait(&udev->wait_cmdr, &__wait);
		if (!ret) {
			pr_warn("tcmu: command timed out\n");
			return -ETIMEDOUT;
		}

		spin_lock_irq(&udev->cmdr_lock);

		/* We dropped cmdr_lock, cmd_head is stale */
		cmd_head = mb->cmd_head % udev->cmdr_size; /* UAM */
	}

	/* Insert a PAD if end-of-ring space is too small */
	if (head_to_end(cmd_head, udev->cmdr_size) < command_size) {
		size_t pad_size = head_to_end(cmd_head, udev->cmdr_size);

		entry = (void *) mb + CMDR_OFF + cmd_head;
		tcmu_flush_dcache_range(entry, sizeof(*entry));
		tcmu_hdr_set_op(&entry->hdr, TCMU_OP_PAD);
		tcmu_hdr_set_len(&entry->hdr, pad_size);

		UPDATE_HEAD(mb->cmd_head, pad_size, udev->cmdr_size);

		cmd_head = mb->cmd_head % udev->cmdr_size; /* UAM */
		WARN_ON(cmd_head != 0);
	}

	entry = (void *) mb + CMDR_OFF + cmd_head;
	tcmu_flush_dcache_range(entry, sizeof(*entry));
	tcmu_hdr_set_op(&entry->hdr, TCMU_OP_CMD);
	tcmu_hdr_set_len(&entry->hdr, command_size);
	entry->cmd_id = tcmu_cmd->cmd_id;

	/*
	 * Fix up iovecs, and handle if allocation in data ring wrapped.
	 */
	iov = &entry->req.iov[0];
	for_each_sg(se_cmd->t_data_sg, sg, se_cmd->t_data_nents, i) {
		size_t copy_bytes = min((size_t)sg->length,
				     head_to_end(udev->data_head, udev->data_size));
		void *from = kmap_atomic(sg_page(sg)) + sg->offset;
		void *to = (void *) mb + udev->data_off + udev->data_head;

		if (tcmu_cmd->se_cmd->data_direction == DMA_TO_DEVICE) {
			memcpy(to, from, copy_bytes);
			tcmu_flush_dcache_range(to, copy_bytes);
		}

		/* Even iov_base is relative to mb_addr */
		iov->iov_len = copy_bytes;
		iov->iov_base = (void *) udev->data_off + udev->data_head;
		iov_cnt++;
		iov++;

		UPDATE_HEAD(udev->data_head, copy_bytes, udev->data_size);

		/* Uh oh, we wrapped the buffer. Must split sg across 2 iovs. */
		if (sg->length != copy_bytes) {
			from += copy_bytes;
			copy_bytes = sg->length - copy_bytes;

			iov->iov_len = copy_bytes;
			iov->iov_base = (void *) udev->data_off + udev->data_head;

			if (se_cmd->data_direction == DMA_TO_DEVICE) {
				to = (void *) mb + udev->data_off + udev->data_head;
				memcpy(to, from, copy_bytes);
				tcmu_flush_dcache_range(to, copy_bytes);
			}

			iov_cnt++;
			iov++;

			UPDATE_HEAD(udev->data_head, copy_bytes, udev->data_size);
		}

		kunmap_atomic(from);
	}
	entry->req.iov_cnt = iov_cnt;

	/* All offsets relative to mb_addr, not start of entry! */
	cdb_off = CMDR_OFF + cmd_head + base_command_size;
	memcpy((void *) mb + cdb_off, se_cmd->t_task_cdb, scsi_command_size(se_cmd->t_task_cdb));
	entry->req.cdb_off = cdb_off;
	tcmu_flush_dcache_range(entry, sizeof(*entry));

	UPDATE_HEAD(mb->cmd_head, command_size, udev->cmdr_size);
	tcmu_flush_dcache_range(mb, sizeof(*mb));

	spin_unlock_irq(&udev->cmdr_lock);

	/* TODO: only if FLUSH and FUA? */
	uio_event_notify(&udev->uio_info);

	mod_timer(&udev->timeout,
		round_jiffies_up(jiffies + msecs_to_jiffies(TCMU_TIME_OUT)));

	return 0;
}

static int tcmu_queue_cmd(struct se_cmd *se_cmd)
{
	struct se_device *se_dev = se_cmd->se_dev;
	struct tcmu_dev *udev = TCMU_DEV(se_dev);
	struct tcmu_cmd *tcmu_cmd;
	int ret;

	tcmu_cmd = tcmu_alloc_cmd(se_cmd);
	if (!tcmu_cmd)
		return -ENOMEM;

	ret = tcmu_queue_cmd_ring(tcmu_cmd);
	if (ret < 0) {
		pr_err("TCMU: Could not queue command\n");
		spin_lock_irq(&udev->commands_lock);
		idr_remove(&udev->commands, tcmu_cmd->cmd_id);
		spin_unlock_irq(&udev->commands_lock);

		kmem_cache_free(tcmu_cmd_cache, tcmu_cmd);
	}

	return ret;
}

static void tcmu_handle_completion(struct tcmu_cmd *cmd, struct tcmu_cmd_entry *entry)
{
	struct se_cmd *se_cmd = cmd->se_cmd;
	struct tcmu_dev *udev = cmd->tcmu_dev;

	if (test_bit(TCMU_CMD_BIT_EXPIRED, &cmd->flags)) {
		/* cmd has been completed already from timeout, just reclaim data
		   ring space */
		UPDATE_HEAD(udev->data_tail, cmd->data_length, udev->data_size);
		return;
	}

	if (entry->rsp.scsi_status == SAM_STAT_CHECK_CONDITION) {
		memcpy(se_cmd->sense_buffer, entry->rsp.sense_buffer,
			       se_cmd->scsi_sense_length);

		UPDATE_HEAD(udev->data_tail, cmd->data_length, udev->data_size);
	}
	else if (se_cmd->data_direction == DMA_FROM_DEVICE) {
		struct scatterlist *sg;
		int i;

		/* It'd be easier to look at entry's iovec again, but UAM */
		for_each_sg(se_cmd->t_data_sg, sg, se_cmd->t_data_nents, i) {
			size_t copy_bytes;
			void *to;
			void *from;

			copy_bytes = min((size_t)sg->length,
					 head_to_end(udev->data_tail, udev->data_size));

			to = kmap_atomic(sg_page(sg)) + sg->offset;
			WARN_ON(sg->length + sg->offset > PAGE_SIZE);
			from = (void *) udev->mb_addr + udev->data_off + udev->data_tail;
			tcmu_flush_dcache_range(from, copy_bytes);
			memcpy(to, from, copy_bytes);

			UPDATE_HEAD(udev->data_tail, copy_bytes, udev->data_size);

			/* Uh oh, wrapped the data buffer for this sg's data */
			if (sg->length != copy_bytes) {
				from = (void *) udev->mb_addr + udev->data_off + udev->data_tail;
				WARN_ON(udev->data_tail);
				to += copy_bytes;
				copy_bytes = sg->length - copy_bytes;
				tcmu_flush_dcache_range(from, copy_bytes);
				memcpy(to, from, copy_bytes);

				UPDATE_HEAD(udev->data_tail, copy_bytes, udev->data_size);
			}

			kunmap_atomic(to);
		}

	} else if (se_cmd->data_direction == DMA_TO_DEVICE) {
		UPDATE_HEAD(udev->data_tail, cmd->data_length, udev->data_size);
	} else {
		pr_warn("TCMU: data direction was %d!\n", se_cmd->data_direction);
	}

	target_complete_cmd(cmd->se_cmd, entry->rsp.scsi_status);
	cmd->se_cmd = NULL;

	kmem_cache_free(tcmu_cmd_cache, cmd);
}

static unsigned int tcmu_handle_completions(struct tcmu_dev *udev)
{
	struct tcmu_mailbox *mb;
	LIST_HEAD(cpl_cmds);
	unsigned long flags;
	int handled = 0;

	if (test_bit(TCMU_DEV_BIT_BROKEN, &udev->flags)) {
		pr_err("ring broken, not handling completions\n");
		return 0;
	}

	spin_lock_irqsave(&udev->cmdr_lock, flags);

	mb = udev->mb_addr;
	tcmu_flush_dcache_range(mb, sizeof(*mb));

	while (udev->cmdr_last_cleaned != ACCESS_ONCE(mb->cmd_tail)) {

		struct tcmu_cmd_entry *entry = (void *) mb + CMDR_OFF + udev->cmdr_last_cleaned;
		struct tcmu_cmd *cmd;

		tcmu_flush_dcache_range(entry, sizeof(*entry));

		if (tcmu_hdr_get_op(&entry->hdr) == TCMU_OP_PAD) {
			UPDATE_HEAD(udev->cmdr_last_cleaned, tcmu_hdr_get_len(&entry->hdr), udev->cmdr_size);
			continue;
		}
		WARN_ON(tcmu_hdr_get_op(&entry->hdr) != TCMU_OP_CMD);

		spin_lock(&udev->commands_lock);
		cmd = idr_find(&udev->commands, entry->cmd_id);
		if (cmd)
			idr_remove(&udev->commands, cmd->cmd_id);
		spin_unlock(&udev->commands_lock);

		if (!cmd) {
			pr_err("cmd_id not found, ring is broken\n");
			set_bit(TCMU_DEV_BIT_BROKEN, &udev->flags);
			break;
		}

		tcmu_handle_completion(cmd, entry);

		UPDATE_HEAD(udev->cmdr_last_cleaned, tcmu_hdr_get_len(&entry->hdr), udev->cmdr_size);

		handled++;
	}

	if (mb->cmd_tail == mb->cmd_head)
		del_timer(&udev->timeout); /* no more pending cmds */

	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&udev->cmdr_lock, flags);

	wake_up(&udev->wait_cmdr);

	return handled;
}

static int tcmu_check_expired_cmd(int id, void *p, void *data)
{
	struct tcmu_cmd *cmd = p;

	if (test_bit(TCMU_CMD_BIT_EXPIRED, &cmd->flags))
		return 0;

	if (!time_after(cmd->deadline, jiffies))
		return 0;

	set_bit(TCMU_CMD_BIT_EXPIRED, &cmd->flags);
	target_complete_cmd(cmd->se_cmd, SAM_STAT_CHECK_CONDITION);
	cmd->se_cmd = NULL;

	kmem_cache_free(tcmu_cmd_cache, cmd);

	return 0;
}

static void tcmu_device_timedout(unsigned long data)
{
	struct tcmu_dev *udev = (struct tcmu_dev *)data;
	unsigned long flags;
	int handled;

	handled = tcmu_handle_completions(udev);

	pr_warn("%d completions handled from timeout\n", handled);

	spin_lock_irqsave(&udev->commands_lock, flags);
	idr_for_each(&udev->commands, tcmu_check_expired_cmd, NULL);
	spin_unlock_irqrestore(&udev->commands_lock, flags);

	/*
	 * We don't need to wakeup threads on wait_cmdr since they have their
	 * own timeout.
	 */
}

static int tcmu_attach_hba(struct se_hba *hba, u32 host_id)
{
	struct tcmu_hba *tcmu_hba;

	tcmu_hba = kzalloc(sizeof(struct tcmu_hba), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!tcmu_hba)
		return -ENOMEM;

	tcmu_hba->host_id = host_id;
	hba->hba_ptr = tcmu_hba;

	return 0;
}

static void tcmu_detach_hba(struct se_hba *hba)
{
	kfree(hba->hba_ptr);
	hba->hba_ptr = NULL;
}

static struct se_device *tcmu_alloc_device(struct se_hba *hba, const char *name)
{
	struct tcmu_dev *udev;

	udev = kzalloc(sizeof(struct tcmu_dev), GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!udev)
		return NULL;

	udev->name = kstrdup(name, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!udev->name) {
		kfree(udev);
		return NULL;
	}

	udev->hba = hba;

	init_waitqueue_head(&udev->wait_cmdr);
	spin_lock_init(&udev->cmdr_lock);

	idr_init(&udev->commands);
	spin_lock_init(&udev->commands_lock);

	setup_timer(&udev->timeout, tcmu_device_timedout,
		(unsigned long)udev);

	udev->pass_level = TCMU_PASS_ALL;

	return &udev->se_dev;
}

static int tcmu_irqcontrol(struct uio_info *info, s32 irq_on)
{
	struct tcmu_dev *tcmu_dev = container_of(info, struct tcmu_dev, uio_info);

	tcmu_handle_completions(tcmu_dev);

	return 0;
}

/*
 * mmap code from uio.c. Copied here because we want to hook mmap()
 * and this stuff must come along.
 */
static int tcmu_find_mem_index(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
	struct tcmu_dev *udev = vma->vm_private_data;
	struct uio_info *info = &udev->uio_info;

	if (vma->vm_pgoff < MAX_UIO_MAPS) {
		if (info->mem[vma->vm_pgoff].size == 0)
			return -1;
		return (int)vma->vm_pgoff;
	}
	return -1;
}

static int tcmu_vma_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf)
{
	struct tcmu_dev *udev = vma->vm_private_data;
	struct uio_info *info = &udev->uio_info;
	struct page *page;
	unsigned long offset;
	void *addr;

	int mi = tcmu_find_mem_index(vma);
	if (mi < 0)
		return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS;

	/*
	 * We need to subtract mi because userspace uses offset = N*PAGE_SIZE
	 * to use mem[N].
	 */
	offset = (vmf->pgoff - mi) << PAGE_SHIFT;

	addr = (void *)(unsigned long)info->mem[mi].addr + offset;
	if (info->mem[mi].memtype == UIO_MEM_LOGICAL)
		page = virt_to_page(addr);
	else
		page = vmalloc_to_page(addr);
	get_page(page);
	vmf->page = page;
	return 0;
}

static const struct vm_operations_struct tcmu_vm_ops = {
	.fault = tcmu_vma_fault,
};

static int tcmu_mmap(struct uio_info *info, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
	struct tcmu_dev *udev = container_of(info, struct tcmu_dev, uio_info);

	vma->vm_flags |= VM_DONTEXPAND | VM_DONTDUMP;
	vma->vm_ops = &tcmu_vm_ops;

	vma->vm_private_data = udev;

	/* Ensure the mmap is exactly the right size */
	if (vma_pages(vma) != (TCMU_RING_SIZE >> PAGE_SHIFT))
		return -EINVAL;

	return 0;
}

static int tcmu_open(struct uio_info *info, struct inode *inode)
{
	struct tcmu_dev *udev = container_of(info, struct tcmu_dev, uio_info);

	/* O_EXCL not supported for char devs, so fake it? */
	if (test_and_set_bit(TCMU_DEV_BIT_OPEN, &udev->flags))
		return -EBUSY;

	pr_debug("open\n");

	return 0;
}

static int tcmu_release(struct uio_info *info, struct inode *inode)
{
	struct tcmu_dev *udev = container_of(info, struct tcmu_dev, uio_info);

	clear_bit(TCMU_DEV_BIT_OPEN, &udev->flags);

	pr_debug("close\n");

	return 0;
}

static int tcmu_netlink_event(enum tcmu_genl_cmd cmd, const char *name, int minor)
{
	struct sk_buff *skb;
	void *msg_header;
	int ret = -ENOMEM;

	skb = genlmsg_new(NLMSG_GOODSIZE, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!skb)
		return ret;

	msg_header = genlmsg_put(skb, 0, 0, &tcmu_genl_family, 0, cmd);
	if (!msg_header)
		goto free_skb;

	ret = nla_put_string(skb, TCMU_ATTR_DEVICE, name);
	if (ret < 0)
		goto free_skb;

	ret = nla_put_u32(skb, TCMU_ATTR_MINOR, minor);
	if (ret < 0)
		goto free_skb;

	ret = genlmsg_end(skb, msg_header);
	if (ret < 0)
		goto free_skb;

	ret = genlmsg_multicast(&tcmu_genl_family, skb, 0,
				TCMU_MCGRP_CONFIG, GFP_KERNEL);

	/* We don't care if no one is listening */
	if (ret == -ESRCH)
		ret = 0;

	return ret;
free_skb:
	nlmsg_free(skb);
	return ret;
}

static int tcmu_configure_device(struct se_device *dev)
{
	struct tcmu_dev *udev = TCMU_DEV(dev);
	struct tcmu_hba *hba = udev->hba->hba_ptr;
	struct uio_info *info;
	struct tcmu_mailbox *mb;
	size_t size;
	size_t used;
	int ret = 0;
	char *str;

	info = &udev->uio_info;

	size = snprintf(NULL, 0, "tcm-user/%u/%s/%s", hba->host_id, udev->name,
			udev->dev_config);
	size += 1; /* for \0 */
	str = kmalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!str)
		return -ENOMEM;

	used = snprintf(str, size, "tcm-user/%u/%s", hba->host_id, udev->name);

	if (udev->dev_config[0])
		snprintf(str + used, size - used, "/%s", udev->dev_config);

	info->name = str;

	udev->mb_addr = vzalloc(TCMU_RING_SIZE);
	if (!udev->mb_addr) {
		ret = -ENOMEM;
		goto err_vzalloc;
	}

	/* mailbox fits in first part of CMDR space */
	udev->cmdr_size = CMDR_SIZE - CMDR_OFF;
	udev->data_off = CMDR_SIZE;
	udev->data_size = TCMU_RING_SIZE - CMDR_SIZE;

	mb = udev->mb_addr;
	mb->version = 1;
	mb->cmdr_off = CMDR_OFF;
	mb->cmdr_size = udev->cmdr_size;

	WARN_ON(!PAGE_ALIGNED(udev->data_off));
	WARN_ON(udev->data_size % PAGE_SIZE);

	info->version = "1";

	info->mem[0].name = "tcm-user command & data buffer";
	info->mem[0].addr = (phys_addr_t) udev->mb_addr;
	info->mem[0].size = TCMU_RING_SIZE;
	info->mem[0].memtype = UIO_MEM_VIRTUAL;

	info->irqcontrol = tcmu_irqcontrol;
	info->irq = UIO_IRQ_CUSTOM;

	info->mmap = tcmu_mmap;
	info->open = tcmu_open;
	info->release = tcmu_release;

	ret = uio_register_device(tcmu_root_device, info);
	if (ret)
		goto err_register;

	/* Other attributes can be configured in userspace */
	dev->dev_attrib.hw_block_size = 512;
	dev->dev_attrib.hw_max_sectors = 128;
	dev->dev_attrib.hw_queue_depth = 128;

	ret = tcmu_netlink_event(TCMU_CMD_ADDED_DEVICE, udev->uio_info.name,
				 udev->uio_info.uio_dev->minor);
	if (ret)
		goto err_netlink;

	return 0;

err_netlink:
	uio_unregister_device(&udev->uio_info);
err_register:
	vfree(udev->mb_addr);
err_vzalloc:
	kfree(info->name);

	return ret;
}

static int tcmu_check_pending_cmd(int id, void *p, void *data)
{
	struct tcmu_cmd *cmd = p;

	if (test_bit(TCMU_CMD_BIT_EXPIRED, &cmd->flags))
		return 0;
	return -EINVAL;
}

static void tcmu_free_device(struct se_device *dev)
{
	struct tcmu_dev *udev = TCMU_DEV(dev);
	int i;

	del_timer_sync(&udev->timeout);

	vfree(udev->mb_addr);

	/* Upper layer should drain all requests before calling this */
	spin_lock_irq(&udev->commands_lock);
	i = idr_for_each(&udev->commands, tcmu_check_pending_cmd, NULL);
	idr_destroy(&udev->commands);
	spin_unlock_irq(&udev->commands_lock);
	WARN_ON(i);

	/* Device was configured */
	if (udev->uio_info.uio_dev) {
		tcmu_netlink_event(TCMU_CMD_REMOVED_DEVICE, udev->uio_info.name,
				   udev->uio_info.uio_dev->minor);

		uio_unregister_device(&udev->uio_info);
		kfree(udev->uio_info.name);
		kfree(udev->name);
	}

	kfree(udev);
}

enum {
	Opt_dev_config, Opt_dev_size, Opt_err, Opt_pass_level,
};

static match_table_t tokens = {
	{Opt_dev_config, "dev_config=%s"},
	{Opt_dev_size, "dev_size=%u"},
	{Opt_pass_level, "pass_level=%u"},
	{Opt_err, NULL}
};

static ssize_t tcmu_set_configfs_dev_params(struct se_device *dev,
		const char *page, ssize_t count)
{
	struct tcmu_dev *udev = TCMU_DEV(dev);
	char *orig, *ptr, *opts, *arg_p;
	substring_t args[MAX_OPT_ARGS];
	int ret = 0, token;
	int arg;

	opts = kstrdup(page, GFP_KERNEL);
	if (!opts)
		return -ENOMEM;

	orig = opts;

	while ((ptr = strsep(&opts, ",\n")) != NULL) {
		if (!*ptr)
			continue;

		token = match_token(ptr, tokens, args);
		switch (token) {
		case Opt_dev_config:
			if (match_strlcpy(udev->dev_config, &args[0],
					  TCMU_CONFIG_LEN) == 0) {
				ret = -EINVAL;
				break;
			}
			pr_debug("TCMU: Referencing Path: %s\n", udev->dev_config);
			break;
		case Opt_dev_size:
			arg_p = match_strdup(&args[0]);
			if (!arg_p) {
				ret = -ENOMEM;
				break;
			}
			ret = kstrtoul(arg_p, 0, (unsigned long *) &udev->dev_size);
			kfree(arg_p);
			if (ret < 0)
				pr_err("kstrtoul() failed for dev_size=\n");
			break;
		case Opt_pass_level:
			match_int(args, &arg);
			if (arg >= TCMU_PASS_INVALID) {
				pr_warn("TCMU: Invalid pass_level: %d\n", arg);
				break;
			}

			pr_debug("TCMU: Setting pass_level to %d\n", arg);
			udev->pass_level = arg;
			break;
		default:
			break;
		}
	}

	kfree(orig);
	return (!ret) ? count : ret;
}

static ssize_t tcmu_show_configfs_dev_params(struct se_device *dev, char *b)
{
	struct tcmu_dev *udev = TCMU_DEV(dev);
	ssize_t bl = 0;

	bl = sprintf(b + bl, "Config: %s ",
		     udev->dev_config[0] ? udev->dev_config : "NULL");
	bl += sprintf(b + bl, "Size: %zu PassLevel: %u\n",
		      udev->dev_size, udev->pass_level);

	return bl;
}

static sector_t tcmu_get_blocks(struct se_device *dev)
{
	struct tcmu_dev *udev = TCMU_DEV(dev);

	return div_u64(udev->dev_size - dev->dev_attrib.block_size,
		       dev->dev_attrib.block_size);
}

static sense_reason_t
tcmu_execute_rw(struct se_cmd *se_cmd, struct scatterlist *sgl, u32 sgl_nents,
		enum dma_data_direction data_direction)
{
	int ret;

	ret = tcmu_queue_cmd(se_cmd);

	if (ret != 0)
		return TCM_LOGICAL_UNIT_COMMUNICATION_FAILURE;
	else
		return TCM_NO_SENSE;
}

static sense_reason_t
tcmu_pass_op(struct se_cmd *se_cmd)
{
	int ret = tcmu_queue_cmd(se_cmd);

	if (ret != 0)
		return TCM_LOGICAL_UNIT_COMMUNICATION_FAILURE;
	else
		return TCM_NO_SENSE;
}

static struct sbc_ops tcmu_sbc_ops = {
	.execute_rw = tcmu_execute_rw,
	.execute_sync_cache	= tcmu_pass_op,
	.execute_write_same	= tcmu_pass_op,
	.execute_write_same_unmap = tcmu_pass_op,
	.execute_unmap		= tcmu_pass_op,
};

static sense_reason_t
tcmu_parse_cdb(struct se_cmd *cmd)
{
	unsigned char *cdb = cmd->t_task_cdb;
	struct tcmu_dev *udev = TCMU_DEV(cmd->se_dev);
	sense_reason_t ret;

	switch (udev->pass_level) {
	case TCMU_PASS_ALL:
		/* We're just like pscsi, then */
		/*
		 * For REPORT LUNS we always need to emulate the response, for everything
		 * else, pass it up.
		 */
		switch (cdb[0]) {
		case REPORT_LUNS:
			cmd->execute_cmd = spc_emulate_report_luns;
			break;
		case READ_6:
		case READ_10:
		case READ_12:
		case READ_16:
		case WRITE_6:
		case WRITE_10:
		case WRITE_12:
		case WRITE_16:
		case WRITE_VERIFY:
			cmd->se_cmd_flags |= SCF_SCSI_DATA_CDB;
			/* FALLTHROUGH */
		default:
			cmd->execute_cmd = tcmu_pass_op;
		}
		ret = TCM_NO_SENSE;
		break;
	case TCMU_PASS_IO:
		ret = sbc_parse_cdb(cmd, &tcmu_sbc_ops);
		break;
	default:
		pr_err("Unknown tcm-user pass level %d\n", udev->pass_level);
		ret = TCM_CHECK_CONDITION_ABORT_CMD;
	}

	return ret;
}

DEF_TB_DEFAULT_ATTRIBS(tcmu);

static struct configfs_attribute *tcmu_backend_dev_attrs[] = {
	&tcmu_dev_attrib_emulate_model_alias.attr,
	&tcmu_dev_attrib_emulate_dpo.attr,
	&tcmu_dev_attrib_emulate_fua_write.attr,
	&tcmu_dev_attrib_emulate_fua_read.attr,
	&tcmu_dev_attrib_emulate_write_cache.attr,
	&tcmu_dev_attrib_emulate_ua_intlck_ctrl.attr,
	&tcmu_dev_attrib_emulate_tas.attr,
	&tcmu_dev_attrib_emulate_tpu.attr,
	&tcmu_dev_attrib_emulate_tpws.attr,
	&tcmu_dev_attrib_emulate_caw.attr,
	&tcmu_dev_attrib_emulate_3pc.attr,
	&tcmu_dev_attrib_pi_prot_type.attr,
	&tcmu_dev_attrib_hw_pi_prot_type.attr,
	&tcmu_dev_attrib_pi_prot_format.attr,
	&tcmu_dev_attrib_enforce_pr_isids.attr,
	&tcmu_dev_attrib_is_nonrot.attr,
	&tcmu_dev_attrib_emulate_rest_reord.attr,
	&tcmu_dev_attrib_force_pr_aptpl.attr,
	&tcmu_dev_attrib_hw_block_size.attr,
	&tcmu_dev_attrib_block_size.attr,
	&tcmu_dev_attrib_hw_max_sectors.attr,
	&tcmu_dev_attrib_optimal_sectors.attr,
	&tcmu_dev_attrib_hw_queue_depth.attr,
	&tcmu_dev_attrib_queue_depth.attr,
	&tcmu_dev_attrib_max_unmap_lba_count.attr,
	&tcmu_dev_attrib_max_unmap_block_desc_count.attr,
	&tcmu_dev_attrib_unmap_granularity.attr,
	&tcmu_dev_attrib_unmap_granularity_alignment.attr,
	&tcmu_dev_attrib_max_write_same_len.attr,
	NULL,
};

static struct se_subsystem_api tcmu_template = {
	.name			= "user",
	.inquiry_prod		= "USER",
	.inquiry_rev		= TCMU_VERSION,
	.owner			= THIS_MODULE,
	.transport_type		= TRANSPORT_PLUGIN_VHBA_PDEV,
	.attach_hba		= tcmu_attach_hba,
	.detach_hba		= tcmu_detach_hba,
	.alloc_device		= tcmu_alloc_device,
	.configure_device	= tcmu_configure_device,
	.free_device		= tcmu_free_device,
	.parse_cdb		= tcmu_parse_cdb,
	.set_configfs_dev_params = tcmu_set_configfs_dev_params,
	.show_configfs_dev_params = tcmu_show_configfs_dev_params,
	.get_device_type	= sbc_get_device_type,
	.get_blocks		= tcmu_get_blocks,
};

static int __init tcmu_module_init(void)
{
	struct target_backend_cits *tbc = &tcmu_template.tb_cits;
	int ret;

	BUILD_BUG_ON((sizeof(struct tcmu_cmd_entry) % TCMU_OP_ALIGN_SIZE) != 0);

	tcmu_cmd_cache = kmem_cache_create("tcmu_cmd_cache",
				sizeof(struct tcmu_cmd),
				__alignof__(struct tcmu_cmd),
				0, NULL);
	if (!tcmu_cmd_cache)
		return -ENOMEM;

	tcmu_root_device = root_device_register("tcm_user");
	if (IS_ERR(tcmu_root_device)) {
		ret = PTR_ERR(tcmu_root_device);
		goto out_free_cache;
	}

	ret = genl_register_family(&tcmu_genl_family);
	if (ret < 0) {
		goto out_unreg_device;
	}

	target_core_setup_sub_cits(&tcmu_template);
	tbc->tb_dev_attrib_cit.ct_attrs = tcmu_backend_dev_attrs;

	ret = transport_subsystem_register(&tcmu_template);
	if (ret)
		goto out_unreg_genl;

	return 0;

out_unreg_genl:
	genl_unregister_family(&tcmu_genl_family);
out_unreg_device:
	root_device_unregister(tcmu_root_device);
out_free_cache:
	kmem_cache_destroy(tcmu_cmd_cache);

	return ret;
}

static void __exit tcmu_module_exit(void)
{
	transport_subsystem_release(&tcmu_template);
	genl_unregister_family(&tcmu_genl_family);
	root_device_unregister(tcmu_root_device);
	kmem_cache_destroy(tcmu_cmd_cache);
}

MODULE_DESCRIPTION("TCM USER subsystem plugin");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Shaohua Li <shli@kernel.org>");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Andy Grover <agrover@redhat.com>");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");

module_init(tcmu_module_init);
module_exit(tcmu_module_exit);

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